An Annotated Bibliography of Books on Napoleonic
By Robert Mosher
The recent discussion of uniform sources inspired me to produce the
attached annotated bibliography. I did not include any Osprey titles,
their publicity department seems efficient enoughnot to need any assistance.
If you have other books that you wish to add to this bibliography, please
General Napoleonic Uniform Collections
Elting, J.R., Ed. Military Uniforms in America: Years of Growth,
1796-1851. San Rafael: Presidio Press; 1977.
Produced by the Company of Military Historians, this volume covers
both the undeclared war with France and the War of 1812 between the
United States and Great Britain. Features 32 full color 8½ by 11
inch plates, mostly of American uniforms but including one plate
3 figures of French and seven plates featuring British uniforms.
The illustrations are the work of a number of artists.
Funcken, Fred and Liliane. Le Costume et les armes des soldats
de tous les temps: 2. de Frédéric II à nos jours. Tournai: Casterman;
One of the library of works from the Funckens, this includes nine
pages of color plates multiple figures representing all the major
combatant nations. Artwork is in the standard Funcken illustration
style. The accompanying text provides a sketch military history of
Funcken, Fred and Liliane Funcken. L’Uniforme
et les Armes des Soldats du Premier Empire: I des régiments de ligne
français aux troupes britanniques, prussiens, et espagnoles. Tournai:
Funcken, Fred and Liliane Funcken. L'Uniforme
et Les Armes des Soldats du Premier Empire, 2: de la garde impériale
aux troupes alliées, suédoises, autrichiennes et russes. Tournai:
A two-volume work from the Funcken library dealing specifically with
the Napoleonic wars and all the major combatants. The many illustrations
are the standard Funcken work, featuring multiple figures. The accompanying
text provides both a military history as well as additional information
regarding facing colors and other uniform details for all the regiments
both depicted in the illustrations and those not depicted.
Haswell Miller, A E and N P Dawnay. Military Drawings and Paintings
in the Collection of Her Majesty the Queen. New York: Phaidon;
Catalogue of the artwork on military themes and portraits featuring
soldiers found in Queen Elizabeth’s private collection at the time
the catalogue was compiled. This was published in two versions –
one in two volumes, one of text and the other of plates – and the
second combining both volumes in one binding. This is the second.
Either version are difficult to find and likely to be expensive.
Includes both black and white reproductions as well as full-page color
plates. Most of the states participating in the Napoleonic wars are
represented and among the artists represented are Détaille, Denis
and Robert Dighton, von Kobell, and Vernet.
Haythornthwaite, Philip J, John Fabb, and Jack Cassin-Scott, illustrator.
Uniforms of the Napoleonic Wars in Color 1796-1814. New York:
One of the Blandford series of uniform books, this is one is wholly
devoted to the period, as specified in the title. Its 80 color plates
all depicting multiple figures include uniforms from all of the major
and most of the minor powers. The notes accompanying each plate provide
additional details about the army the unit was a part of and sources
of information for each illustration are provided. An order of battle
for the 1812 Grande Armee is also included.
Haythornthwaite, Philip J and Jack Cassin-Scott and Mike Chappell,
illustrators. Uniforms of Waterloo in color 16-18 June 1815.
New York: Hippocrene Books; 1974.
Haythornwaite is again teamed with Cassin-Scott, now aided by Mike
Chappell, in another Blandford Press uniform book. Although they
don’t indicate which artist did which of the 80 plates, I think the
styles can be distinguished by those familiar with the work of the
two illustrators. Again the plates all depict multiple figures representing
all of the participating armies. In addition to the notes on each
plate, there is an account of the battle, an order of battle, black
and white line drawings of some of the regimental standards, and a
list of references.
Haythornthwaite, Philip J and Michael Chappel, illustrator. World
Uniforms and Battles in colour 1815-50. Poole: Blandford Press;
This time Haythornwaite and Chappell team up on a Blandford Press
book. This one covers world uniforms beginning with five plates for
the year 1815 and ends with the 1848 revolution. Interspersed amidst
the notes on the color plates are short sections describing the conflicts
in which the uniforms where worn. Though not relevant to the Napoleonic
period are five black and white drawings of uniforms and details from
later periods. The work also includes a bibliography of sources and
Kannik, Preben. Military Uniforms of the World In Color.
New York: MacMillan: 1974.
An interesting collection that presents 512 color plates of uniforms
ranging from the 1506 Swiss Guards from the Vatican to a Captain of
Thailand’s Royal Palace Guard from 1965. Each illustration is accompanied
by a paragraph long commentary providing additional information on
the uniform and unit depicted. For our period there are 131 uniforms
for participating powers in the Russo-Swedish War, the French Revolution,
the Campaign in Egypt, the Napoleonic Wars including the War of 1812
, and the Latin American wars of independence. Those who have made
a prolonged study of other works illustrating uniforms of the period
– both art and reference books – may well recognize that they inspired
many of Kannik’s figures. Also included is a glossary of relevant
Kipling, Arthur, and Lt. Col. Frank Wilson, illustrator (1972). Uniforms
of the Peninsular War. London, Charles Knight & Co. Ltd.
One of the series of books published by Charles Knight in the United
Kingdom and eventually in the United States, as well, in cooperation
with Hippocrene Books. Published in the glossy hardcover format (8
½ by 5 ½ inches) also found on the series Knight’s Battles for
Wargamers, this appears to be one of only two books on uniforms
published in this format (the other is on Marlborough’s period).
Arthur Kipling’s text is relatively brief and primarily intended to
guide the reader through Colonel Wilson’s illustrations, rather than
to provide a mass of additional details. The book’s 47 pages offer
eight color plates and 40 black and white line drawings, which together
are the real meat of this publication. The color plates all feature
multiple figures both mounted and on foot (as appropriate) but focus
primarily upon the uniforms of what might be called the mainstream
units rather than the rare and obscure. The line drawings include
depictions of additional figures as well as illustrating details of
arms and equipment such as the horse furniture of a British hussar,
French artillery pieces, and the weapons carried by the soldiers of
the major forces.
Knötel, Herbert, Jr and Herbert Sieg. Uniforms of the World: A
Compendium of Army, Navy, and Air Force Uniforms, 1700-1937. London:
Arms and Armour Press; 1980.
This is an English language edition based upon the 1896 German work,
revised and enlarged in 1947 and republished by Arms and Armour Press.
It presents histories of the uniforms under 39 country headings with
one for Russia and one for the USSR, and the various German states
are found under the heading for Germany , accompanied by 1,600 black
and white line drawings. The accompanying text provides the account
of how and when the uniforms changed and additional details including
some history and orders of battle of the respective armies.
Martin, Paul. European Military Uniforms, A Short History.
London: Spring Books; 1967.
Paul Martin’s book is exactly what the title indicates, a history
of how military uniforms evolved in Europe over more 400 years, roughly
1400 to 1870. In telling this story he draws upon 44 pages of color
plates reproducing original paintings and art works that showed military
uniforms, as well as black and white line drawings that illustrate
specific parts of the story. The notes describing each color plate
also describe the source of each illustration and the artist.
North, Rene and John Berry, illustrator. Military Uniforms, 1686-1918.
New York: Grosset and Dunlap; 1970.
Although Rene North’s name appears on this work as the author, also
credited are a Supervising editor, seven consultants, and six identified
experts who assisted him – as well as the illustrator John Berry.
If this information brings to mind the image of a committee, you would
not be far mislead. While the text combines both military history
of the relevant period and details about the evolution of the uniforms
and their manufacturing – the illustrations are a bit of a letdown.
Also provided are a list of relevant museums with uniform collections,
some books of interest for further reading, and a brief glossary.
This book was apparently aimed at a young audience, but it has since
been overtaken by newer works.
Nafziger, George F and Mike Gilbert, illustrator. The Bavarian
and Westphalian Armies 1799-1815. Cambridge: RAFM; 1981.
This is a small 66 page paper covered booklet published by the
RAFM Co. for war gamers. It includes five multi-figure black and
white line drawings by Mike Gilbert to illustrate various uniforms
as well as a page of drawings illustrating various uniform details.
The text provides relevant war and campaign history; details on the
two countries’ armies, their organization, and their structure; and
descriptions of the uniforms. George also identifies both his original
primary sources as well as a list of secondary sources.
Nafziger, George F and Mike Gilbert, illustrator. The Armies of
Brunswick, Hanover, Hesse-Cassel, and the Hanseatic Cities. West
Chester: Nafziger Publications; 1990.
Another product of the Nafziger-Gilbert partnership, but this time
privately published in a soft-cover 8 ½ by 11-inch format. Gilbert
provides 11 full-page, multi-figure black and white line drawings
of different uniforms. The text offers information on organization,
structure, tactics, and uniform details. A bibliography identifies
the numerous primary and secondary sources in German and English.
Pericoli, Ugo. 1815 The Armies at Waterloo. London: Sphere
Ugo Pericoli was the Costume Designer for the film “Waterloo” and
in collaboration with Michael Glover produced this book based upon
the research he conducted in preparation for his film work. It features
145 color illustrations by Pericoli that range from full page single
figure drawings to half page color drawings of various uniform details.
Further details are provided in the notes accompanying each illustration.
The accompanying text chapters provide a history of the campaign and
battle, orders of battle for the three armies, and discussions of
tactics, etc. of the period. The notes for the color plates are further
supported by numerous black and white line drawings of additional
uniform details and items of equipment. Long out of print it is still
reportedly available on the used book market.
Shevyakov, Timofei Nikolayevich and I A Dzis. Ital'yanskii i Shveitsarskii
Pokhodi Suvorova, 1799. Moskva: AST; 2002.
This is a hard cover, Osprey-type publication, and part of a series
of such Russian-language books on military-history themes offered
by AST. Eight full-color, full-page, multi-figure illustrations depict
uniforms worn by the French, Russian, and Austrian forces participating
in this campaign. The accompanying text recounts the history of the
campaign, provides orders of battle, and information about the armies
and the commanders. There is also a bibliography included.
Thompson, F Glenn. The Uniforms of 1798-1803. Dublin: Four
Courts Press; 1998.
A rather unique booklet focused upon the rising in Ireland in 1798
and the attempted rising of 1803. The 26 full color plates depict
British regulars, militiamen, fencibles, and yeomen; Irish insurgents;
the various French contingents; and the Hompesch Mounted Rifles, as
well as flags carried by all of these. Additional information is
provided on additional formations that took part in the conflict but
which are not illustrated. A bibliography is included.
Todd, Frederick P and Fritz Kredel, illustrator. Soldiers of
the American Army 1775-1954. Chicago: Henry Regnery 1954.
This is a collection of 32 full-page color plates, most with multiple
figures, depicting American uniforms from 1775 to 1954. Two of these
fit within the subject era covering American uniforms from 1811 and
1814. This was the first of a projected series of uniform books reportedly
inspired by similar efforts and contributions from the Company of
Military Collectors and Historians and the American Military Institute.
Two proposed further titles for the projected series were Uniforms
of the American Navy and Marine Corps and Uniforms of the World,
but at present I have no further information on these.
Windrow, Martin and Gerry Embleton. Military Dress of the Peninsular
War, 1808-1814. New York: Hippocrene Books; 1974.
With an exclusive focus upon the fighting on the Iberian Peninsula,
the collaborators present us with 100 uniforms in 20 multiple figure
plates – and these represent the uniforms they way they were worn
in the field and not how they were supposed to look when issued.
These are supported by a large collection of black and white drawings
and photographs of additional uniforms, uniform bits and pieces, museum
mannequins, and other artworks all supporting their goal of describing
how the soldiers of this conflict really looked. The accompanying
text recounts the history of the fighting, in turn supported by sketch
maps of the campaigns and battles, army rosters with uniform details
for the Kingdoms of Spain and Portugal, the French army order of battle
for 1808, a list of British infantry units again with uniform details
that served in the Peninsula, and lists of major units engaged at
various battles from the Peninsular War. The authors also present
a bibliography of sources.
Yaple, R L and John Steinle, illustrator. The Regiments and Uniforms
of the British, Portuguese, Spanish, Brunswick, and Netherlandish Armies,
1802-1815. Dayton: Der Kriegspielers; 1975.
Aimed at war gamers, this work presented a lot of information regarding
the armies and the uniforms of the named countries. There are eight
pages of black and white line drawings illustrating uniforms, headgear,
colors, and equipment. The accompanying text provides details on
army rosters, lists of regiments, further details regarding the uniforms
and their changes, and army organization.
Bowling, A H. British Hussar Regiments, 1805-1914. London:
A history of the British Army’s Hussar regiments from their introduction
up to 1914 with details on their battle honors and the evolution of
the regiment’s title. Illustrations of the uniforms are presented
in both color and black and white drawings and photographs. The illustrations
are presented as color and black and white single figure drawings
as well as a row of figures seated in their saddles – allowing the
artist to show saddle cloth details and the differences in uniform
from regiment to regiment and/or over time, as appropriate. Almark
produced a small library of such references for the modeling community
and A.H. Bowling was a significant contributor.
Bowling, A. H. British Infantry Regiments 1660-1914. Military
Bowling, A. H. Scottish Regiments 1660-1914. Military Modeling;
These are both pamphlet-sized reprints of Bowling’s work that were
collected and reprinted by Military Modeling magazine for inclusion
as free gifts to readers in late 1992. The illustrations are full-figure
and in color, though somewhat reminiscent of cutout paper soldiers.
Each two plates show the changes in uniform for a particular regiment
from the 18th to the late 19th Century or even
1914, as appropriate.
Carman, W.Y. British Military Uniforms From Contemporary Pictures,
Henry VIII to the present day. New York: Arco Publishing; 1957.
A collection of 109 plates, mostly black and white but a few in color,
illustrating British military uniforms across history. In the accompanying
150 plus pages of text, W.Y. Carman recounts the history of these
uniforms, the changes made and when they were made, and often why,
with additional descriptions to expand upon the illustrations. This
includes the list of regiments at the time of various Royal Warrants
dictating the appearance of the army’s regiments, facing colors, etc.,
making this a good one-volume reference on the British Army.
Lawson, Cecil C. P. A History of the Uniforms of the British Army,
Volume I: from the Beginnings to 1760. London: Kaye and Ward;
Lawson, Cecil C. P. A History of the Uniforms of the British Army,
Vol IV - 1760-1797. London: Kaye and Ward; 1970.
Lawson, Cecil C. P. A History of the Uniforms of the British Army,
V-1760-1805. London: Kaye and Ward; 1970.
Lawson, Cecil C. P. A History of the Uniforms of the British Army,
Vol II From the Beginnings to 1760. London: Kaye and Ward; 1971.
Lawson, Cecil C. P. A History of the Uniforms of the British Army:
III-1760-1805. London: Kaye and Ward; 1974.
These five volumes trace the history of British Army uniforms from
the before the time of the New Model Army and the Stuart restoration
to the Napoleonic period. There are a few color plates and a very
large number of black and white line drawings. The volumes cover
all elements of the British army; foreign volunteer regiments; the
militia, yeomanry, fencibles and volunteer units and their uniforms,
colors, and equipment.
North, Rene and Chris Warner, illustrator. Regiments at Waterloo:
British Army Uniforms. London: Almark; 1977.
Another Almark product aimed at the war gamer community, part of
a series on the Battle of Waterloo. Although the vast majority of
uniform illustrations are black and white line drawings, there are
four multi-figure color plates. While the title states that the subject
is British Army uniforms, the drawings and text also discuss the King’s
German Legion, Brunswickers, Hanoverians, and Dutch-Belgian units.
Chris Warner’s drawings are clear and detailed. The accompanying
text provides details on the uniforms of the units illustrated as
well as on other regiments not illustrated, as well as information
about the unit’s service in the campaign. Appended is an order of
battle for the Anglo-Allied army and a short glossary of uniform terminology.
Pimlott, John and Emir Bukhari, illustrator. British Light Cavalry.
London: Almark; 1977.
In this volume from Almark’s “Nations in Arms: 1800-1815” series,
John Pimlott provides an excellent summary history of Britain’s light
cavalry for the Napoleonic Period, to include information and background
on tactics and battlefield formations. He also includes a short description
of the cavalry actions at Sahagun in 1808 and at Talavera in 1809.
Emil Bukhari provides ten excellent multi-figure color plates depicting
officers and men of a number of these regiments. These are augmented
by the rectangular abstracts that allow the artist to show the trousers,
jackets, and uniform details of additional units not depicted otherwise.
A short bibliography of contemporary and modern sources is included.
Wilkinson-Latham, Robert and Christopher, Jack Cassin-Scott, illustrator.
Cavalry Uniforms including other Mounted Troops of Britain and the
Commonwealth in colour. New York: Macmillan;1969.
A Blandford Press book, this volume shows the uniforms of British
and Commonwealth mounted units from 1742 to 1953 in a set of 96 full
color plates. The notes for each plate provide additional details
on the uniforms, horse harness, and other items as well as some background
information on the unit. Fifteen plates cover the period 1790 to
Wilkinson-Latham, Robert and Christopher, Jack Cassin-Scott, illustrator.
Infantry Uniforms Including Artillery and other Supporting Troops
of Britain and the Commonwealth 1742-1855. New York: Macmillan;
This is the first of a two-volume set that covers British infantry
and artillery uniforms from 1742 to 1939, with 96 color plates in
each volume showing uniforms and equipment. Volume I includes 34
plates showing British uniforms worn in Europe, North America, the
Caribbean, and India during this period. The text describing the
uniform plates often includes additional details on weapons and equipment
as well as the uniforms themselves. There is a short bibliography
of 19th and 29th Century sources.
Dempsey, Guy C., Jr. Napoleon's Soldiers, The Grande Armee of
1807 as Depicted in the Paintings of the Otto Manuscript. London:
Arms and Armour Press, A Cassell Imprint; 1994.
This volume reproduces the 98 watercolors known as ‘the Otto manuscript’
supposed to have been collected by a Major Otto of Baden but the identity
of the artist himself remains unknown or at least unconfirmed. The
subjects of the illustrations themselves include foot and mounted
regiments of the Imperial Guard, line and light infantry regiments,
various line cavalry regiments, support units, and four illustrations
of Italian units. An appendix provides an order of battle of the
Grand Armee from 1 June 1807. The text accompanying each uniform
plate provides background information on the unit and on the uniform,
especially noting items of the uniform and its details that are especially
significant or previously unknown or unconfirmed. An analysis of
the Otto manuscript is also provided and this, like all of the text,
is well footnoted.
Dempsey, Guy C., Jr. Napoleon's Army 1807-1814, as Depicted in
the Prints of Aaron Martinet. London: Arms and Armour Press, A
Cassell Imprint; 1997.
In many ways this is a companion volume to the Otto Manuscripts book
noted above and was also prepared by Guy Dempsey. However, unlike
that volume, this one reproduces only 162 of the original 296 prints
collectively identified as “Troupes Francaises” done by the print
maker Aaron Martinet during the time of Napoleon. An introduction
provides excellent background information on both the prints and the
French army and the units illustrated. The captions to the individual
plates highlight specific details of interest in the uniform as well
as in the prints themselves. Appendices offer several versions that
identify both the prints selected for reproduction in the volume and
prints that were not reproduced. Made during the period in which
the uniforms were actually being worn, these prints are an important
resource to anyone interested in the uniforms of Napoleon’s army.
Detaille, Edouard. L'Armée Française: An Illustrated History of
the French Army, 1790-1885. New York: Waxtel and Hasenauer; 1992.
This is a larger format volume presenting a translation of the original
French published in the 19th Century and recounting the
history of the French Army from 1790 to 1885. This edition includes
21 full color plates reproducing paintings based on the soldiers,
armies, and battles of the First and Second Empire. The volume also
features 349 black and white illustrations depicting uniforms and
soldiers as well as vignettes of military life and special events
of military history. The text is overflowing in details of the army,
its organization, equipment, etc. A remarkable resource.
Thorburn, W. A. French Army Regiments and Uniforms from the Revolution
to 1870. Harrisburg: Stackpole Books; 1969.
In this small volume of only 84 pages in
a small 5 1/2 by 8 1/2 format, Thorburn
has gathered original illustrations (2 color plates and 58 black and
white) to accompany his descriptions of French uniforms for the stated
period of 1789 to 1870. The author
describes this work with some accuracy as an introductory account
of the evolution of French uniforms. The text provides
a summary history of the French Army and the changes it underwent
over this period and descriptions of the depicted uniforms.
Although he does cover uniforms of the Republic
and the various restorations, the greatest
attention appears focused upon the uniforms of the First and Second
Glinka, Vladislav Mikhailovich. Russkii Voyennii Kostum, XVIII-nachala
XX Veka. Leningrad, Khudozhnik RSFSR; 1988.
This volume features over 133 color illustrations, including many
reproducing contemporary artwork but also color and black and white
photographs of surviving uniforms and reproductions of uniforms by
Russian museums clearly labeled as reproductions . However, it is
really a history of Russian uniforms and to a degree of the Russian
army from the reign of Peter the Great to the 1917 Revolution. It
includes a glossary of relevant Russian vocabulary, often with illustrations,
a bibliography, and a list of the illustrations in Russian and English.
There is a summary of the text in English but as it runs only two
and a half pages it clearly is little more than an infomercial for
the Russian version.
Leonov, Oleg and Il'ya Ul'yanov, Oleg Parkhayev illustrator. Regulyarnaya
Pekhota, 1698-1801. Moskva: AST; 1995.
A detailed history of the Russian army’s infantry and their uniforms,
supported by Oleg Parkhayev’s illustrations – 75 color plates and
more than a dozen black and white line drawings. Much of the artwork
depicts multiple figures, presenting a multitude of different uniforms,
while the line drawings include depictions of the small arms drill,
unit formations, and arms and equipment. Several plates representing
different uniform patterns over the period present the full range
of infantry uniforms in the iconic format showing facings, collar,
and cuff colors as well as the various forms of headgear. There are
also some excellent illustrations of some of the regimental and other
colors carried by the army as they changed to feature the royal ciphers
of the different Tsars. The appendices include a short table of Russian
weights and measures; the tables of enlistment for army infantry regiments
at different dates across the period covered; and a roster of the
infantry regiments of the army for this period with dates created
and any territorial affiliations. Bibliography also included.
Ul'yanov, Il'ya Ernstovich and Oleg K. Parkhayev illustrator. Regulyarnaya
Pekhota, 1801-1855. Moskva: AST; 1996.
A larger format companion volume to the previously cited work, with
only the one author but still with Oleg Parkhayev’s illustrations.
Of the same caliber and much the same in content as the previous volume
but now covering this later period.
Letin, Sergei. Russkii Voyenii Mundir XVIII Veka. Moskva:
AO PANAS-AERO; 1996.
A more recent work that covers much the same ground as Glinka’s volume
above though only up to 1800, in a large format volume of only 114
pages. The many color illustrations reproduce contemporary artwork
as well as photographs of surviving original uniforms and uniform
pieces as well as museum reproductions. Includes an extensive bibliography.
Okhlyabinin, Sergei Dmitriyevich. Chest' Mundira, Chini Traditsii,
Litsa; Russkaya Armiya ot Petra I do Nikolaya II. Moskva: Respublika;
Includes color plates illustrating 50 uniforms as well as very many
black and white line drawings depicting uniforms, uniform details,
military honors and decorations, and military accoutrements of the
Russian military. The accompanying text traces the campaign history
of the Russian military and of the evolution of the Russian army through
the Tsarist period. An appendix presents an illustrated glossary
of related Russian vocabulary.
Okhlyabinin, Sergei Dmitriyevich. Iz Istorii Rossiiskogo Mundira.
Moskva: VLADOS; 1996.
A more expansive work by the same author
as the above title, in much the same format with regards to content
Talanov, A I. Kavalergardii po Stranitsam Polkovoi Istorii: 1724-1825.
Moskva: Reitar; 1997.
A magazine-format history of the Russian Guard cavalry regiments
during their first century. Supported by eight pages of color illustrations
reproducing contemporary art work and numerous black and white illustrations
collectively showing both uniforms of the guard cavalry as well as
key moments and key figures in their history. Some good detail on
the organization and composition of the guard is presented in the
text but less on the uniforms and the appearance of these regiments.
Zemtsov, Vladimir Nikolayevich and Vladimir Aleksandrovich Lyapin,
and Yu. V. Pyatkov illustrator. Yekaterinburg v Mundire: Formennaya
Odezhda v Istorii Yekaterinburga, XVIII-nachala XX v. Yekaterinburg,
Sredne-Uralskoye Knizhnoye Izdatelstvo; 1992.
An interesting approach by the authors as this volume focuses upon
the history of Russian army units associated with the city of Yekaterinburg,
published as that city approached its 270th anniversary
in 1993. Thus it is a combination regimental history, military history
of Russia, and an exercise in urban history. Featuring many black
and white line drawings of uniforms, equipment, standards, and military
accoutrements, there are more than 30 pages of color illustrations
reproducing portraits and many of the uniforms worn by the Yekaterinburg
regiments throughout their history. Extensively footnoted.
Placed on the Napoleon Series: December 2005; last updated: May 2006
Index | Bibliographic