Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics



  By Leopold Kudrna, with Biographical Essays by Digby Smith.




A Ba-Be | Bi-By | C | D | E | F | G | HI/J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | Sa-Sm | So-SzT | U | V | W | Y/Z  


Austrian Generals
1792-1815


B
 
Part 1
 
Baader  to  Beyer


 
 B1 Baader, Joseph Johann
Baader, Joseph Johann Ritter von

Personal Information
Born: Freiberg / Styria, 1733
Died: Ofen (Buda) / Hungary, 13.01.1810


Name Variants
also: Bader


Promotions
Major: 1776
Oberstleutnant: 09.1784
Oberst: 11.1788
Generalmajor: 01.01.1794 (w.r.f. 04.11.1791)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 01.03.1797 (w.r.f. 10.01.1797)


Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Military Commander (?) in Carinthia (Klagenfurt): before 1798-1800/01
Fortress Commandant of Ofen (Buda): 1804/05 – 13.01.1810


Elevation of Status
Ritter: 21.02.1778


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)


Printed Sources
Frank 1, p.41 | MD 1, p.47 | MilSchem | ÖMKL 1, p.204 | Wurzbach 1, p.101


Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale



 
 B2 Bärenkopp, Johann Wenzel von
Bärenkopp, Johann Wenzel Freiherr von

Personal Information
Born: Landskron (Lanškroun) / Bohemia, 02.07.1723
Died: Vienna, 12.06.1794


Name Variants

also: Bärnkopf, Bärenkopf, Baernkopp, Bernkopf


Family Status

Married:
Maria Josepha von Sartory

Promotions

Major: 07.1757
Oberstleutnant: 30.11.1759
Oberst: 01.1761
Generalmajor: 27.04.1764
Feldmarschalleutnant: 28.01.1783 (w.r.f. 12.01.1768)
Feldzeugmeister: 08.09.1787 (w.r.f. 05.09.1787)


Elevation of Social Status

Freiherr: 03.01.1761


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 23.01.1760
Colonel-Proprietor of the Artillery Regiment N°3: 05.1772 – 1792

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

Doerr, p.246 | Frank 1, p.45 | Gatti, ArtAk, p.47 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.91f. | Kneschke 1, p.172 | MilSchem | ÖMKL 1, p.211 | Sturm 1, p.41 | (Wrede) 4, p.477 | Wurzbach 1, p.118 | Zivkovic, Generalität, p.35


Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale ("Stockar von Bernkopf" ?)


 

 
 B3 Baillet de Latour, Maximilian Anton Karl Graf

Personal Information
Born: Latour
Castle near Virton / Luxemburg / Austrian Netherlands, 14.12.1737
Died: Vienna, 22.07.1806

Name Variants
(French) Maximilien-Antoine-Charles-Joseph Comte de Baillet de Latour


Family Status

Brother of B5
Father of B4
Married:
1772 Charlotte-Sophie de Guérin de La Marche (17??-1806)

Promotions

Major: 1767
Oberstleutnant: 1769
Oberst: 17721
Generalmajor: 10.04.1783 (w.r.f. 28.03.1783)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 16.01.(?)1790 (w.r.f. 14.01.1790)
Feldzeugmeister: 04.03.1796


Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Commanding General in Moravia and Silesia: 01.1799 – 03.1805
President of the Aulic War Council: 07.04.1805 – 22.07.1806


Field Service (1792-1815)

Commander of the Austrian forces at the battle at Sprimont: 18.09.1794 (–)
Commander of the Army of the Upper Rhine: 06.-08.1796
Commander of the (autonomous) Corps at the Upper Rhine: 06.-10.1796
Commander of the Austrian forces at the battle at Friedberg: 24.08.1796 (–)
Commander of the Austrian forces at the battle at Biberach: 02.10.1796 (–)
Commander of the Austrian forces at the battle at Sundheim: 22.11.1796 (+)
Commander of the Army of the Rhine: 02.1797 – 04.1797 / 11.1797 – 01.1798


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 19.12.1790 / CC: 07.07.1794 / GC: 11.05.1796
Colonel-Proprietor of the Dragoon Regiment N°31 / (since 1791:) ChevauxlegerRegiment N°31 / (since 1798:) Dragoon Regiment N°11 / (since 1802:) Chevauxleger Regiment N°4: 1790 – 22.07.1806
I.R. Privy Councillor: 1798
I.R. Chamberlain: 1773


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)


Printed Sources

ADB 18, p.15f. | Bodart, p.297, 312, 314 | Englebert N°7 | Guillaume, p.164f. | Hirtenfeld 1, p.460ff. | HKR-Präs, N°25 (p.42f.) | MD 1, p.51 | Megerle, p.129 | MilSchem | NDB 13, p.683 | Petiot, p.46f. | Pickl, p.215 | Ritter, p.17(bis)ff. | Wurzbach 1, p.124f. | Wrede 3, p.222 | Wrede (6), pp.20, 30 | Zivkovic, Generalität, p.37 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, pp.4, 53, 128


Internet Sources

Ebert (http://www.napoleon-online.de/AU_Generale/html/latour.html)
Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


Notes
1) Englebert / NDB: 1771 (?)


 
  
 B4 Baillet de Latour, Theodor Franz Graf

Personal Information

Born: Linz / Upper Austria, 15.06.1780
Died: Vienna, 06.10.1848 (murdered)


Name Variants

(French) Théodore-François Comte de Baillet de Latour


Family Status

Son of B3
Nephew of B5
Married: 1816 Sophie Gräfin Bourcier de Montureux (1796-1889)


Promotions

Major: 1805
Oberstleutnant: 1809
Oberst: 30.01.1813
Generalmajor: 26.09.1814
Feldmarschalleutnant: 25.03.1831
Feldzeugmeister: 19.10.1846


Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Austrian Plenipotentiary with the Military Central Commission at the German Diet in Frankfurt: 1829-1832
Vicedirector-General of Engineers: 09.1832 – 04.1848
Minister of War: 30.04.1848 – 06.10.1848


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 02.09.1813
Colonel-Proprietor of the Artillery Regiment N°3: 1825-1832
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°28: 12.1832 – 06.10.1848
I.R. Privy Councillor: 1834
I.R. Chamberlain: 1806


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
Baden:
Order of Fidelity: 1841
France:
Order of the Legion d’Honneur – OC: 1819
Hessen-Darmstadt:
Order of Ludwig – CC
Russia:
Order of St. George 4th cl.: 15.[03.]08.1814
Order of St. Vladimir 3rd cl.: 1813 / 2nd cl.: ?
Württemberg:
Order of Frederick (?): 1832
Order of Military Merit – CC: 1814


Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)

Theodor Graf Baillet de Latour entered the Wiener-Neustadt military academy and passed out in 1799 as Oberleutnant in the engineers. He was at Marengo on 14 June 1800 and at Ulm in 1805. In 1809, he served in Archduke Ferdinand's VIII Corps in Galicia. In 1812 Baillet-Latour was on the staff of the Austrian corps in Russia and was distinguished. In the summer of 1813, he commanded the Infantry Regiment N°12 "Liechtenstein". He fought at Dresden and at Leipzig, where he won the Russian Order of Vladmir. In 1814 and 1815, Baillet-Latour served as Chief of Staff to the Crown Prince of Württemberg in IV Corps and fought at La Rothiére, Sens, Montereau, Arcis-sur-Aube, Champenoise and Paris.


Printed Sources

ADB 18, p.16f. | Gatti, IngAk, p.392 | Hirtenfeld 2, p.1085ff. | HKR-Präs, N°35 (p.58ff.) | Leitner 2, p.185ff. | MD 1, p.51 | MilSchem | NDB 13, p.683f. | ÖBL 1, p.45 | Pickl, p.219 | Petiot, p.47 | Schmedes, IR28, p.189, 291f. | Svoboda 1, col.232 | Wrede 1, p.316 | (Wrede) 4, p.477 | Wrede (6), p.20 | Wurzbach 1, p.125f. | WZ, 30.01.1813, 20.02.1814 | Zivkovic, Generalität, p.43 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, p.13


Internet Sources

Ebert (http://www.napoleon-online.de/AU_Generale/html/latour2.html)
Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
Vederman


  

 B5 Baillet de Latour-Merlemont, Ludwig Wilhelm Anton Graf

Personal Information

Born: Latour Castle near Virton / Luxemburg / Austrian Netherlands, 12.02.1753
Died: Brussels (Bruxelles) / Belgium, 01.09.1836


Name Variants

(French) Louis-Willibrod-Antoine Comte de Baillet de Latour-Merlemont


Family Status

Brother of B3
Uncle of B4
Married: Charlotte-Angélique-Julienne de Baillet, Baronne de Gesve


Promotions
Major: 09.05.17831
Oberstleutnant: 05.12.17832
Oberst: 02.02.1788
Generalmajor: 01.01.17943 (w.r.f. 10.12.1791)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 01.03.1797 (w.r.f. 26.01.1797)
Feldzeugmeister: 06.09.1808
Quit: 19.10.1810
Into French service:
General of Division: 06.03.1811


Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Military Commander in Upper Austria (Linz): 04.1801 – 02.1806
Commanding General in Inner Austria: 12.18064 – 10.1807


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

2nd Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°63: 21.04.1801 – 20.07.1807
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°63: 20.07.1807 – 01.12.18105
I.R. Chamberlain: 1790


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
France:
Military Order of St. Louis – KC: 08.07.1814


Printed Sources

Beran IR55, pp.53, 88 | Courcelles 1, p.275 | Guillaume, p.256 | MilSchem | Nahlik, IR55, pp.1f., 29, 39 | Petiot, p.48 | Six 1, p.43 | Wrede 1, p.503 | WZ, 18.11.1807, 21.09.1808 | Zivkovic, Generalität, p.38 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, pp.54, 73


Internet Sources

Ebert (http://www.napoleon-online.de/AU_Generale/html/baillet.html)
Saint-Louis
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


Notes
1) Guillaume: 09.03.1783 (?)
2) Guillaume: 05.12.1785 (?)
3) Petiot: 01.07.1794 (?)
4) Petiot: 03.1806 (?)
5) Supreme Imperial permission to quit: 21.10.1810 (Beran, IR55, p.88)


 

 B6 Bajalics, Adam von
Bajalics von Bajaháza, Adam Freiherr

Personal Information

Born: Szegedin (Szeged) / Com. Csongrád / Hungary, 1734
Died: Karlstadt (Karlovac) / Croatia, 05.06.18001


Name Variants

also: Bajalich / also: Bajaházy


Promotions

Major: ~ 1778
Oberstleutnant: 1783
Oberst: 28.02.1789
Generalmajor: 01.01.1794 (w.r.f. 14.12.1791)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 01.03.1797 (w.r.f. 01.02.1797)
Retired: 1797


Elevation of Social Status

Freiherr: 10.09.1782 (with predicate: "von Bajaháza")


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 11.10.1795


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)


Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)

In 1750 Bajalics entered the Infantry Regiment 'Erzherzog Ferdinand' N°2 but left the army four years later. In 1758, he entered the Warasdiner Grenz-Infantry Regiment as a lawyer. Two years later (1760) he became a Leutnant and fought in the Seven Years War. In 1768 he was promoted to Capitän-Leutnant, 1773 to Hauptmann and after the War of the Bavarian Succession, to Major. In 1783, Bajalics was Oberstleutnant in the Szluiner Grenz Infantry Regiment. In the war against the Turks (1787-1792) he was several times distinguished. After his promotion to GM (1794) Bajalics commanded a brigade on the Upper Rhine under General der Kavallerie Graf Wurmser. On 24 September 1795, he was again distinguished in the victory at Handschuhsheim, for which he earned the Knight's Cross of the Military Maria Theresian Order. On 30 May 1796, Bajalics was ordered to take his brigade (Infantry Regiments Nos 11 and 26 and the Mahoney Jägers) via Bregenz into the Tyrol to make the attempt to try to relieve Wurmser in Mantua. The following year (1797) he commanded a division at Rivoli on 14/15 January and was promoted to FML.
During the retreat out of Italy in March 1797, Bajalics was part of the right wing together with GM Vinchant de Gontroeul. They went via Udine, Cividale and Caporetto, up the valley of the Isonzo to Tarvis. Erzherzog Carl, with the divisions of Hohenzollern and Reuss, took the eastern route via Gradiska and Görz to Laibach. On 21 March, Massena's Avantgarde had pushed GM Ocskay out of Tarvis and now blocked the Austrian escape route. Austrian general Gontroeul attacked and pushed the French back to Saifnitz, but next day, he was assaulted by Massena; defeated with heavy loss and thrown back through Tarvis, towards Villach. Bajalics (and Köblös) were still on the wrong side of Tarvis. On 23 March with the divisions of Massena, Guyeux and Serrurier closing them in, both were forced to surrender with 4,000 men, 25 guns and 500 waggons. On 31 March, in St. Veith, Napoleon opened negotiations for peace as he was now dangerously over-extended and the French armies on the Rhine could not come into action to aid him. Bajalics retired in 1797 and died in 1800 in Karlstadt, Croatia.


Printed Sources

Frank 1, p.46 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.446f. | Kneschke 1, p.175 (wrong: Freiherr in 1783) | MD 1, p.51 | MilSchem | ÖMKL 1, p.216 | Wurzbach 1, p.123


Internet Sources

Ebert (http://www.napoleon-online.de/AU_Generale/html/bajalich.html)
Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


Notes
1) MilSchem: 30.06.1800 (?)


 
 B7 Bakonyi, Emerich
Bakonyi, Emerich Freiherr von

Personal Information

Born: Levenz (Léva) / Com. Bars / Hungary, 17.07.1768
Died: Komorn (Komárom) / Hungary, 24.01.1845


Promotions

Major: 2nd H. 1800
Oberstleutnant: 11.1805
Oberst: 05.03.1809
Generalmajor: 06.10.1812
Feldmarschalleutnant: 09.12.1826


Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Commanding General ad interim in Lower and Upper Austria and Salzburg: 07.-10.1830
Fortress Commandant of Komorn: 1832 – 24.01.1845


Elevation of Social Status

Freiherr: 11./12.1812


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 1810
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°33: 1823 – 24.01.1845
I.R. Privy Councillor: 1844


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
Russia:
Order of St. George 4th cl.: 06.10.[24.09.]1815


Printed Sources

Hirtenfeld 1, p.931ff. | MD 1, p.51 | MilSchem | ÖBL 1, p.45 | ÖMKL 1, p.218ff. | ÖMZ, year 1845, vol.3, p.253ff.: Biographische Skizze des kaiserl. königl. Feldmarschall-Lieutenants Emerich Freiherrn von Bakonyi | Rupprecht, IR60, pp.54, 57 and appendix, p.13 | Wrede 1, p.353 | Wurzbach 1, p.128f. | WZ, 26.11.1812, 05.12.1812, 18.10.1815 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, p.49


Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
Vederman


 
 B8 Balabio, Karl von

Personal Information

Born: Milan (Milano) / Lombardy, 14.04.1759
Died: Milan (Milano) / Lombardy, 08.08.1837


Name Variants

(Italian) Carlo Cavaliere di Balabio
also: Ballabio

Promotions
Italy:
General of Brigade: 1810
Into Austrian service: 01.04.1815
Generalmajor: 01.04.1815
Retired: 01.04.1815


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)



Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
France:
Order of the Legion d’Honneur – KC
Italy (France):
Order of the Iron Crown 2nd cl.


Printed Sources

MD 1, p.51 (wrong: d. 18.08.1837) | MilSchem | WZ, 15.04.1815


Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Wikipedia [= http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lista_dei_generali_italiani_(1800-1815) ].- Download: 19.08.2008

 

 B9 Bánffy de Losoncz, Georg Graf

Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: Klausenburg (Kolozsvár, Cluj-Napoca) / Transylvania, 02.04.1832


Family Status
Married: Anna Kemény de Magyargyerömonostor (?-1835) (?)


Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant: 01.11.1807
Oberst: 1809
Generalmajor: 09.09.1809
Retired and quit: 1810


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)


Printed Sources
Blažekovič, IR31, I, pp.256, 267 | MilSchem | WZ, 18.11.1807, 23.12.1809


Internet Sources

Marek (http://genealogy.euweb.cz/hung/banffy8.html)
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 B10 Baranyai de Bodorfalva, Johann

Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: Raab (Györ) / Hungary, 17.07.1798


Promotions
Major: 1760
Oberstleutnant: 30.06.1771
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 08.05.1779 (w.r.f. 05.05.1779)


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)


Printed Sources
Amon, HR1, pp.57, 496 | MilSchem


Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale




 B11 Barbaczy, Joseph von

Personal Information

Born: 17501
Died: Preßburg (Pozsony, Bratislava) / Hungary, 17.06.1825


Promotions

Major: 01.10.1787
Oberstleutnant: 1793
Oberst: 1797
Generalmajor: 27.05.1801 (w.r.f. 23.05.1801)
Retired: 27.05.1801


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

ADB 2, p.46ff. | MilSchem | Nekrolog 1825/2, p.1628 | ÖBL 1, p.50 | ÖMKL 1, p.232 (wrong: d. 25.06.1826)


Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


Notes
1) ÖMKL: Gran, 1748 (?)


 
 B12 Barbiano-Belgiojoso, Albert (XII.) Maria Fürst von

Personal Information

Born: Milan (Milano) / Lombardy, 20.10.1725
Died: Milan (Milano) / Lombardy, 27.08.1813


Name Variants

(Italian) Alberico (XII.) Maria Giuseppe da Barbiano, Principe di Belgioioso


Family Status

Brother of B13
Married: 1757 Anna Ricciardia d’Este, Principessa di Modena e Reggio (1735-1777)


Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 24.04.1771 (w.r.f. 01.09.1771)
Quit: 01.1797


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Order of the Golden Fleece: 23.11.1790
I.R. Privy Councillor


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
Italy (France):
Order of the Iron Crown ? cl.: 1806
Spain:
Grandee of Spain


Printed Sources

MD 1, p.56 | MilSchem | Vlies-Orden, p.186, N°825


Internet Sources

Marek (http://genealogy.euweb.cz/italy/barbiano2.html)
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
Shamà


 
 B13 Barbiano-Belgiojoso, Ludwig Karl Graf von

Personal Information

Born: Milan (Milano) / Lombardy, 02.01.1728
Died: Milan (Milano) / Lombardy, 15.05.1801


Name Variants

(Italian) Ludovico Carlo Maria da Barbiano, Conte di Belgioioso


Family Status

Brother of B12


Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 01.05.1773 (w.r.f. 31.01.1773)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 10.04.1783 (w.r.f. 26.04.1783)
Retired: 23.08.1787
Quit: 1797


Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Minister plenipotentiary in Sweden1: 27.08.1764 – 08.02.1770 (departure: 13.03.1770) 2
Envoy extraordinary and Minister plenipotentiary in Hannover (Great Britain-Hannover): 31.10.1769 – 20.11.1782
Envoy extraordinary and Minister plenipotentiary in Great Britain3: 08.06.1770 – 20.11.1782 4 (departure: 28.12.1782)
Vice-Governor (Minister plenipotentiary) in the Austrian Netherlands: 29.01.1783 – 23.08.1787


Order of Chivalry

Knight of the Order of Malta: 1735


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°41: 1777-1778
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°44: 1778-1797
I.R. Privy Councillor: 1775
I.R. Chamberlain: 1755


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)


Printed Sources

Dauber, p.20, 187 (with erroneous dates) | Matsch, pp.114, 124 | MD 1, p.56 | MilSchem | Pickl, p.213 | Repertorium 3, pp.76, 77, 83 | Wrede 1, p.408


Internet Sources

Marek (http://genealogy.euweb.cz/italy/barbiano2.html)
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
Shamà


Notes
1) absence on leaf: 09.06.1767 – 20.06.1769
2) Matsch, p.124: 28.04.1764 – 31.10.1769 (?)
3) absence on leave: 15.01.1777 – 30.08.1777 / 07.09.1782 – 27.09.1782
4) Matsch, p.114: 10.03.1770 – 06.08.1782 (?)


 
 B14 Barco, Anton Freiherr von

Personal Information

Born: Vienna, 1747
Died: 17.10.1799


Family Status

Son of B15


Promotions

Major: 10.10.1773
Oberstleutnant: 12.1779
Oberst: 15.11.1788
Generalmajor: 01.01.17941 (w.r.f. 29.10.1791)
Retired: 28.02.1797


Elevation of Social Status

Freiherr (by elevation of B15): 03.05.1762


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)


Printed Sources

Amon, DR10, pp.75, 86, 96 | Anonym, DR2, pp.231, 277, 285 | MilSchem | ÖMKL 1, p.232f.


Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


Notes
1) Anonym, DR2, p.285: 23.12.1793 (?)



 B15 Barco, Vincenz von
Barco, Vincenz Freiherr von

Personal Information

Born: Wirowititz (Weretz, Verovitja, Virovitica, Veröce) / Slavonia, 17191
Died: Pest / Hungary, 11.05.1797


Family Status

Father of B14


Promotions

Major: 1756
Oberstleutnant: 1757
Oberst: 1758
Generalmajor: 19.01.17712 (w.r.f. 27.08.1759)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 01.05.1773 (w.r.f. 03.09.1772)
General der Kavallerie: 10.11.1788 (w.r.f. 30.09.1787)


Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Adlatus of the Commanding General in Hungary: 02.1788 – 09.1790 / 01.1793 – 09.1794
Commanding General ad interim in Hungary: 09.1794 – 11.05.1797


Elevation of Social Status

Freiherr: 03.05.1762


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 22.12.1761
Decoration of the Elisabeth Theresian Military Foundation: 1789
Colonel-Proprietor of the Hussar Regiment N°35: 01.05.1773 – 11.05.1797
I.R. Privy Councillor


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)


Printed Sources

Amon, HR10, pp.50f., 73, 75, 176 | Auer, N°12 | Frank 1, p.53 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.132f. | Kneschke 1, p.194 | Megerle, p.273ff. (wrong: FML in 1775) | MilSchem | ÖMKL 1, p.232f. | Pizzighelli, DR5, pp.33, 37, 252, 254 | Wrede 3, p.287 | Wurzbach 1, p.156 | Zivkovic, Generalität, p.36 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, p.56


Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


Notes
1) Amon, DR10, p.176 / Hirtenfeld: 1718 (?)
2) Amon, DR10, p.73: 31.12.1770 (?)


 
 B16 Bardarini von Kieselstein, Franz

Personal Information
Born: 29.12.1738
Died: Fiume (Rijeka), 08.03.1821


Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst: 1807
Generalmajor: 27.04.1810
Retired: 27.04.1810


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)


Printed Sources
Leitner 2, p.59 | MilSchem | WZ, 18.11.1807, 15.08.1810


Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale



 B17 Batschek, Karl von

Personal Information
Born: around 1715
Died: Vienna, 23.03.1802

Promotions
Major: 1762
Oberstleutnant: 1773
Oberst: 1783
Generalmajor: 29.11.1788 (w.r.f. 27.11.1788)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 06.05.1801 (w.r.f. 25.04.1801)


Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Local Director of the Academy of Engineers: 11.1788 – 04.10.1790


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)


Printed Sources
Blasek/Rieger 1/I, p.379 | Gatti, IngAk, p.346, 349 | MilSchem | Zivkovic, Heerführer, p.37


Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale (wrong: d. 23.03.1806)

 


 B18 Batthyány, Philipp Ulrich Joseph Graf von

Personal Information

Born: Rechnitz / Com. Eisenburg (Vas) / Hungary, 18.10.17341
Died: Hainburg / Lower Austria, 28.04.1795


Family Status

Married: 1763 Barbara Freiin Perényi (1723 – around 1792)


Promotions

Major: 25.11.1758
Oberstleutnant: ~ 1759
Oberst: 10.10.1760
Generalmajor: 21.07.1767 (w.r.f. 11.12.1764)


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

I.R. Privy Councillor: 22.09.1771


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)


Printed Sources

MD 7, p.17 | MilSchem | Polster, Gert: Von Soldaten, Prälaten und Magnaten ... Die Söhne des Palatins von Ungarn Ludwig Ernst Graf Batthyány, Diploma thesis, Vienna 1998, p.100ff.
| WZ, 28.09.1771

Internet Sources

Marek (http://genealogy.euweb.cz/hung/batth2.html) (wrong: b. 17.11.1735)
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale (wrong: b. 17.11.1735)
Theroff (http://pages.prodigy.net/ptheroff/gotha/batthyany.html) (wrong: b. 17.11.1735)


Notes
1) Polster, p.100: "Der 18. Oktober 1734 ist daher als Geburtstag anzunehmen." (The 18th of october 1734 is to be assumed as the date of birth.)


 

 B19 Baudis, Joseph von

Personal Information
Born: Preßburg (Poszony, Bratislava) / Moravia, 19.03.1751
Died: Wiener Neustadt / Lower Austria, 09.11.1801

Name Variants
also: Baudisch

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 17.04.1800 (w.r.f. 20.05.1800)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Leitner 2, p.95 | MilSchem | Svoboda 1, col.61

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 B20 Bauer, Johann (Matthias?) von

Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: Ödenburg (Sopron) / Hungary, 20.10.1810


Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor (title): 09.03.1796 (w.r.f. 02.03.1796)
Retired: 09.03.1796


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)


Printed Sources
MilSchem


Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 
 B21 Beaulieu de Marconnay, Johann Peter 
Beaulieu de Marconnay, Johann Peter Freiherr

Personal Information

Born: Lathuy Castle / Jodoigne / Austrian Netherlands, 26.10.1725
Died: Linz / Upper Austria, 22.12.1819


Name Variants

(French) Jean-Pierre Baron Beaulieu de Marconnay


Family Status
Married: 1763 Marie-Louise Robert (17??-1776)

Promotions

Major: ~ 1757
Oberstleutnant: 1760
Oberst: 1768
Generalmajor: 31.05.1790 (w.r.f. 14.03.1789)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 19.10.1790
Feldzeugmeister: 04.03.1796


Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Vice-Governor of Mecheln: 1768-1788
Chief of the Quartermaster General Staff: 08.1794 – 12.1795


Field Service (1792-1815)

Commander of the Austrian forces at the battle of Courtray: 15.09.1793 (+)
Commander of the Austrian forces at the combat of Cursoy: 19.05.1794 (+)
Chief of the 
Quartermaster General Staff of the Army of the Netherlands: 08.1794 – 04.1795
Chief of the 
Quartermaster General Staff of the Army of the Rhine: 04.-08.1795
Chief of the 
Quartermaster General Staff of the Army of the Lower Rhine: 08.-12.1795
Chief of the 
Quartermaster General Staff of the Army of Italy: 01.-03.1796
Commander of the Army of Italy: 17.03.1796 – 21.06.1796
Commander of the Austrian forces at the battle of Lodi: 10.05.1796 (–)
Commander of the Austrian forces at the battle of Borghetto: 30.05.1796 (–)


Elevation of Social Status
Freiherr: 14.03.1763

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 23.01.1760 / CC: 19.12.1790 / GC: 07.07.1794
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°31: 04.08.1792 – 01.05.1794
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°58: 01.05.1794 – 22.12.1819


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)

Johann Peter Freiherr Beaulieu de Marconnay entered Austrian military service in 1733. In the Seven Years War (1756-1763) he served on FM Loudon's staff. At the beginning of the Revolutionary Wars he served in the Netherlands and fought one of the first engagements of the war when he beat GL Armand-Louis de Biron at Mons on 29 April 1792. On 13 September his late arrival to support the Dutch at Menin led to the collapse of the allied campaign for that year. He commanded the left wing in the Austrian defeat at Jemappes on 6 November 1792.
In 1794 FML Beaulieu served in the Netherlands under Coburg. Two years later (1796), at the age of 72, he was appointed Feldzeugmeister and Commander-in-Chief of the army in Italy. His command consisted of the divisions of Argenteau and Sebottendorf (36,000 Austrians and 1,500 Neapolitan cavalry). Also in Italy were FML Colli's Austrian and Sardinian corps of 20,000 men. Nelson's squadron of the Royal Navy supported his southern flank. Beaulieu was opposed by 43,000 French troops. Beaulieu tried to concentrate his corps too close to the enemy; fought at Voltri on 10 April and Montenotti on the next two days, but lost the initiative to Napoleon and fell back to Aqui. Here he seems to have been in shock because he failed to issue any orders from 10 to 14 April. These days of paralysis caused the disasters of Dego and 6,000 casualties. This sharp defeat knocked the Sardinians out of the campaign and Napoleon cut Colli's 5,000 Austrians off from Beaulieu. The balance of forces and the strategic situation thus swung badly against Beaulieu; he had now only 30,000 men (and of these Colli's 5,000 were cut off) to face 45,000 under Napoleon and Kellermann. Piedmont was thus evacuated and on 2 May the Austrians fell back over the Po at Valenza.
Napoleon crossed the river – unopposed, but observed by two squadrons of GM Liptay's cavalry – at Piacenza on 7 May. Beaulieu's forces were surprised and not concentrated. On 8 May Liptay was attacked and thrown back at Fombio and lost 600 men. His corps dissolved in the following chase. Beaulieu worsened the situation by further dispersing his forces although he did pull back over the River Adda intact.
On 10 May, Sebottendorf's brigade was attacked and beaten at Lodi on the Adda by Napoleon with Massena's and Serrurier's divisions. Augereau's division came up in the latter stages of the fight. GM Schubirz had left Lodi before the attack, to fall further back according to Beaulieu's orders. Napoleon did not press the pursuit. Sebottendorf lost 2,000 men and 15 guns. Beaulieu fell back past Mantua (throwing 20 of his best battalions into the fortress) and behind the Mincio River. This brought the garrison of Mantua up to 13,000 men. Beaulieu now had 31,000 troops in all under his command. He set up his new HQ in St Giorgio near Borghetto. His next line of withdrawal lay to the north, up the valley of the Etsch into the Tyrol and ran parallel to the Mincio. There was a final, minor clash on 30 May at Borghetto on the Mincio; Beaulieu was sick on the day of the action. The Austrian forces were strung out along the riverbank in penny packets, at Borghetto itself was only one battalion and three squadrons of Sebottendorf`s brigade. The bridge there was still intact. When the French assault began, the Austrians managed to break the bridge, but the French followed some of their cavalry outposts through a ford close by. The thin line was quickly pierced by Colonel Gasparde-Armádée Gardanne. Beaulieu withdrew without great loss. In June he resigned his command, handed it over to Melas and withdrew to his estate near Linz, where he lived until his death in 1819.


Printed Sources

ADB 2, p.191f. |
Blažekovič, IR31, I, pp.147f. (wrong: b. Namur), 167 | Bodart, p.279, 289, 307, 308 | BU 3, p.392f. | Englebert N°8 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.402ff. | MD 1, p.68 | MilSchem | ÖBL 1, p.60 | ÖMKL 1, p.268ff. | ÖMZ, year 1820, vol.3, p.172ff.: Schels, Johann Baptist: Beaulieus Nekrolog (= Ritter, p.147pp.) | Regele, p.29 | Ritter, p.147pp. (= ÖMZ, year 1820, vol.3, p.172ff.) | Vegiano-Herckenrode 1, p.125 | Wrede 1, pp.338, 524 | Wrede (6), pp.30, 41 | Wurzbach 1, p.199f. | Zivkovic, Generalität, p.37 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, pp.108, 109

Internet Sources

Bastin (http://www.nobily.be/GENEALOGIE/pafg3031.htm)
Ebert (http://www.napoleon-online.de/AU_Generale/html/beaulieu.html)
Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 
 B22 Bechard, Johann von
Bechard, Johann Freiherr von

Personal Information

Born: Szegedin (Szeged) / Hungary, 17.08.1761
Died: Brod / Slavonia, 28.12.1813


Promotions

Major: 1794
Oberstleutnant: 17961
Oberst: 17992
Generalmajor: 15.08.1808


Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Fortress Commandant of Brod: 10.1812 – 28.12.1813


Elevation of Social Status

Freiherr (by elevation of his father): 02.05.1761

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 30.04.1802


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)


Printed Sources

Blasek/Rieger 1/I, p.395 | Frank 1, p.63 | Gatti, IngAk, p.301f. | Hirtenfeld 1, p.717f. | Leitner 2, p.98f. | MilSchem | MD 1, p.68 | ÖMKL 1, p.270f. | Svoboda 1, col.74 | Wurzbach 1, p.206 | WZ, 03.09.1808, 28.11.1812, 03.06.1814


Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


Notes
1) Blasek/Rieger 1/I, p.395: 1799 (?)
2) Blasek/Rieger 1/I, p.395: 1802 (?)


  

 
 B23 Bechtold, Philipp Christoph
Bechtold, Philipp Christoph Freiherr von

Personal Information
Born: "Spengenberg" (Spangenberg ?) / Hessen(-Kassel), 1747
Died: Güns (Köszeg) / Com. Eisenburg (Vas) / Hungary, 02.01.1818


Promotions
Major: 03.1799
Oberstleutnant: 01.01.1807
Oberst: 07./08.1808
Generalmajor: 26.04.1811
Retired: 26.04.1811


Elevation of Social Status
Freiherr: 17.06.1795


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 07.07.1794


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)


Printed Sources
Frank 1, p.63 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.432ff. | Kneschke 1, p.250 | MD 1, p.70 | MilSchem (wrong: d. 02.06.1818) | ÖBL 1, p.60 | ÖMKL 1, p.272 (wrong: "Philipp Christian") | Wurzbach 1, p.209 | WZ, 03.08.1808


Internet Sources
Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale



 
 B24 Beck, August Ritter von

Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: 01.02.1816


Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 22.09.1813
Retired: 07.10.1815


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)


Printed Sources
MilSchem


Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale



 
 B25 Beckers zu Westerstetten, Joseph Heinrich Ritter
Beckers zu Westerstetten, Joseph Heinrich Graf

Personal Information
Born: 02.12.1764
Died: Ofen (Buda) / Hungary, 15.01.1840


Family Status
Married: 1815 Natalie Freiin von Rothkirch-Trach (1792-1846)


Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 30.03.1813
Feldmarschalleutnant: 28.12.1824


Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Grand Master of the Household to Archduke Joseph of Austria, Palatin of Hungary: 08.1816 – 1827


Elevation of Social Status
Graf: 24.09.1790


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
I.R. Privy Councillor
I.R. Chamberlain: 1806


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)


Printed Sources
Kneschke 1, p.261f. | MD 1, p.70 | MilSchem | Pickl, p.219 | WZ, 08.06.1813, 15.08.1816


Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale



 
 B26 Belcredi, Joseph Marchese

Personal Information
Born: 1753
Died: Graz / Styria, 22.11.1811

Name Variants

(Italian) Giuseppe Marchese di Belcredi

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor (title): 15.09.1808
Retired: 15.09.1808

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

MilSchem | WZ, 03.09.1808

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 

 B27 Belcredi, Karl Marchese

Personal Information
Born: Milan (Milano) / Lombardy, 28.03.1744
Died: 13.09.1814


Name Variants
(Italian) Carlo Marchese di Belcredi


Promotions
Major: 1794
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst: 1800
Generalmajor: 12.06.1801 (w.r.f. 09.05.1801)
Retired: 1801


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)


Printed Sources
Frank 1, p.68 | Leitner 2, p.69f. | MilSchem |
Svoboda 1, col.34

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
Wikipedia [= http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lista_dei_generali_italiani_(1800-1815) ].- Download: 19.08.2008

 
 
 B28 Bellegarde, Friedrich Joseph Anton Graf von

Personal Information
Born: (Chambéry / Savoy ?), 25.03.1752
Died: Graz / Styria, 04.01.1830


Name Variants
(French) Frédéric-Joseph-Antoine Marquis de Bellegarde


Family Status
Brother of B29
Married: 1787 Adelheid Viktoria Gräfin von Bellegarde (?-1830) (Bellegarde’s great-niece)


Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 23.03.1797 (w.r.f. 16.05.1797)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 29.10.1800 (w.r.f. 09.11.1800)
Retired: 1809


Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
City and Fortress Commandant of Venice: 1805
Military Commander in Carniola (Laibach): 1806-1807


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°44: 1801 – 04.01.1830
I.R. Chamberlain: 1802 (?)


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)


Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)
Friedrich Joseph Anton Gabriel Noyel Graf von Bellegarde was born in 1752. In 1797 he was promoted to Generalmajor. In early 1800 Bellegarde commanded an infantry brigade in FML Ferdinand Johann Graf von Morzin's division in northwestern Italy. At the end of May, he had been transferred to FML Anton Freiherr von Elsnitz's division on the River Var. He took part in the siege of Genoa and then commanded an infantry brigade in FML Hadik's main column at Marengo on 14 June. In 1800 he was promoted to Feldmarschalleutnant and one year later received the proprietorship of the Infantry Regiment N°44. FML Friedrich Graf von Bellegarde retired in 1809 and died in 1830.


Printed Sources
Forstner, Edith: Das Leben des Feldmarschalls Heinrich Graf Bellegarde (1756-1845), Ph.D. thesis Vienna 1989, p.15 | Kneschke 1, p.288 | MD 1, p.73 (partially incorrect) | MilSchem | Nekrolog 1830/2, N°387 (p.914) (wrong: b. 1753) | Pickl, p.218 | Wurzbach 1, p.244 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, p.75 | Wrede 1, p.429


Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

   

 
 B29 Bellegarde, Heinrich Joseph Johannes Graf von

Personal Information

Born: Dresden / Saxony, 28.08.17561
Died: Vienna, 22.07.1845


Name Variants

(French) Henry-Joseph de Bellegarde, Marquis de Marches et d’Antremont


Family Status

Brother of B28
Married: 1791 Auguste Gräfin von Berlichingen (1765-1831)


Promotions

Major: 19.11.1781
Oberstleutnant: 01.05.17842
Oberst: 10.10.1785
Generalmajor: 21.11.17923
Feldmarschalleutnant: 04.03.17964 (w.r.f. 18.10.1795)
General der Kavallerie: 05.09.1800
Feldmarschall: 12.09.1809


Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Commanding General in Italy (Venetia): 05.09.1800 – 12.1805
Commanding General in Inner Austria: 02.1806 – 03.12.1806
Commanding General in Galicia5: 09.09.1806 – 02.1810
President of the Aulic War Council: 09.04.18106 – 11.1813
Plenipotentiary Commissioner (= Governor-General) in Lombardy: 14.(25.)05.1814 – 03.04.1815
Deputy of the Viceroy of Lombardy-Venetia: 03.04.1815 – 06.03.1816
Grand Master of the Household to Archduke Crown Prince Ferdinand of Austria: 06.03.1816 – 10.05.1832
President of the Aulic War Council: 24.07.1820 – 16.10.1825
State and Conference Minister: 24.07.1820


Field Service (1792-1815)

Commander of the (autonomous) Corps in Vorarlberg / in the Tyrol: 04.1798 – 01.1799
Commander of the Army of the Tyrol: 28.01.1799 – 05.1799
Commander of the Austrian forces at the combat of Remüs: 30.04.1799 (+)
Commander of the Austrian forces at the battle of Cassina Grossa (San Giuliano): 20.06.1799 (–)
Commander of the Austrian forces during the siege of Alessandria: 26.06.-22.07.1799 (+)
Commander of the Army of Italy: 05.09.1800 – 03.1801
Commander of the Austrian forces at the battle at the Mincio (Pozzolo, Valeggio, Monzambano): 25./26.12.1800 (–)
Commander of the 1st Army Corps: 02.-07.1809
Commander of the Army of Italy: 03.11.(16.12.)1813 – 03.(10.?)1815
Commander of the Austrian forces at the battle at the Mincio (Roverbella, Valeggio, Monzambano): 08.02.1814 (–)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Order of the Golden Fleece: 07.12.1817
Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 25.05.1794 / CC: 06.11.1805
Order of St. Stephen – GC: 10.05.1832
Order of Leopold – GC: 07.01.1809
Order of the Iron Crown 1st cl.: 12.02.1816
Golden Civil Honor Cross 1813/14: 26.05.1815
Military Honor Cross 1813/14 (Army Cross): ~ 1814
2nd Colonel-Proprietor of the Chevauxleger Regiment N°1 / (since 1798:) Dragoon Regiment N°1 / (since 1802:) Chevauxleger Regiment N°1: 20.01.1797 – 22.07.1845
I.R. Privy Councillor: 03.12.1806
I.R. Chamberlain: 1790


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
Bavaria:
Order of St. Hubert: 1824
Military Order of Maximilian Joseph – GC
Naples-Sicily:
Order of St. Ferdinand and of Merit – GC: 1818
Parma:
Constantinian Order of St. George – GC: 1826
Poland (Russia):
Order of the White Eagle
Russia:
Order of St. Andrew: 1821
Order of St. Alexander Nevskij
Order of St. Anne 1st cl.
Sardinia-Piedmont:
Order of the Annunziata


Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)

Graf Bellegarde's father (Johann Franz) was a Saxon general and later Minister for War. His son joined the Saxon army in 1766 initially, but transferred to Austrian service in 1772. In 1785 he became Colonel-Commander of the Dragoon Regiment N°26 Erzherzog Joseph Anton which unit he led during the wars against the Turks in 1787-92.
In April 1792 Bellegarde served in the Army of the Upper Rhine under FZM Fürst von Hohenlohe-Kirchberg. At the end of that year Emperor Francis II. promoted him to Generalmajor. In spring 1793, Bellegarde was transferred to the staff of FM Prinz von Sachsen-Coburg-Saalfeld's main army in the Netherlands where he fought in the sieges of Valenciennes and Maubeuge. In 1794 he was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Military Maria Theresian Order (MMTO). In 1796, Bellegarde was promoted to FML and appointed ad latus to Archduke Charles. He thus fought in all the major engagements: Wetzlar (15 June), Malsch (9 July), Neresheim (11 August) and Würzburg on 3 September.
In 1797, he accompanied Archduke Charles to northern Italy; on 7 April he and GM Graf von Merveldt negotiated the armistice of Judenburg and later the treaties of Leoben and Campo Formio.
In 1798, he was a member of the Army Reform Committee, which, among other things, examined the possibility of introducing the French army corps system into the Austrian army. The proposal was rejected by the reactionary majority in the Hofkriegsrat.
In 1799 he commanded the army in the Tyrol and saw action in Switzerland and Italy. On 4 April he defeated GdB Jean-Joseph-Paul-Auguste Dessole at Tauffers and Münsters. At the end of that month, he drove GdD Claude-Jacques Lecourbe out of the Engadin, after defeating him at Remüs on 30 April
. On 15 May 1799, he was ordered to take 15,000 men to go over the Alps into Piedmont, to operate with the Russians under FM Alexander Vassil'evič Suvorov. He marched via Wallenstedt, Chur and the Splügen Pass, to reach Chiavenna on 21 May. From here, he went to Como, where his men were embarked on ships, taken over Lake Como to Milan and on to Pavia, where he joined the Russians. FML Bellegarde was ordered to take the citadels of Tortona then Alessandria. On 20 June, he was defeated by GdD Jean-Victor Moreau at Cassina Grossa; forced to abandon the siege of Tortona and to retire behind the River Bormida. On 22 June, he opened the siege of Alessandria, which capitulated on 22 July. On 15 August, he commanded a division on the right wing in the battle of Novi under FZM Kray. The French, under GdD Barthélemy-Catherine Joubert, were defeated; Joubert was killed. Next month, Bellegarde was called to Vienna, to act as an advisor to the devious intriguing Foreign Minister, Johann Baron Thugut.
In 1800 he took over command of the Austrian army from GdK Baron Melas after their defeat at Marengo on 14 June; the campaign effectively ended here. He failed to exploit his chances to stop the French crossing the Mincio River (25-26 December 1800) and was forced to withdraw eastwards over the River Etsch. This led to the armistice of Treviso, signed by the belligerents on 16 January 1801.
On 5 September 1800, he was promoted to General der Kavallerie.
In 1805 Bellegarde was sent to Italy where he commanded the Austrian centre at Caldiero against Massena; he was distinguished and awarded the Commander's Cross of the MMTO.
In the 1809 campaign GdK Graf Bellegarde commanded the I and II Corps, initially in Bohemia, then in the Danube valley. At Aspern (21-22 April) he commanded the 2nd Column (I Corps) which was involved in the hard, hand-to-hand fighting in Aspern on the first day of the battle. Bellegarde also commanded the I Corps at Wagram (the village of Deutsch Wagram itself) on 5-6 July and at Znaim (10-11 July). On 12 September 1809 he was promoted to Feldmarschall. The next year Bellegarde was appointed president of the Hofkriegsrat (Aulic War Council) and was responsible for organizing the rapid mobilisation of the nation in 1813. After his resignation as Hofkriegsrats-Präsident he commanded the army of Inner-Austria in northern Italy in 1814 and concluded the armistice with Prince Eugene in mid-April of that year. His army was defeated at the attempted crossing of the Mincio River on 8 February. He died in Vienna on 22 July 1845.


Printed Sources

ADB 2, p.305 (wrong: d. 1846) | Amon, DR9, pp.160f., 176, 389, 387 | Bodart, p.332, 338, 359, 471 | BU 3, p.561ff. | Criste 1, p.191 | Forstner, Edith: Das Leben des Feldmarschalls Heinrich Graf Bellegarde (1756-1845), Ph.D. thesis, Vienna 1989 | Hirtenfeld 2, p.756 | HKR-Präs, N°27 (p.44ff.) | Hollins, p.6ff. | Kneschke 1, p.288 | Lombroso, p.427ff. | MD 1, p.73 | MilSchem | NDB 2, p.29 | ÖBL 1, p.66 | ÖMKL 1, p.352f. | Pickl, p.216 (wrong: d. 1848) | Rath, p.4 | Regele, p.29 (wrong: d. 1746) | Smola, Karl v.: Das Leben des Feldmarschall Heinrich Grafen von Bellegarde, Wien 1847 | Vlies-Orden, p.187, N°825 | Wengen, DR13, p.508f. | Wrede 3, p.339 | Wrede (6), pp.20, 31, 32 | Wurzbach 1, p.243f. | WZ, 09.03.1808, 11.01.1809, 06.06.1814, 28.05.1815, 20.02.1816, 16.03.1816 | Zivkovic, Generalität, pp.13, 37 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, pp.4, 54, 59, 60, 63, 128, 130


Internet Sources

Ebert (http://www.napoleon-online.de/AU_Generale/html/bellegarde.html)
Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
Szentváry-Lukács

Notes
1) Forster
disproves that Chambéry (Savoy) was the place of birth as well as any different dates of birth other than the 28.08.1756.
2) Wengen, DR13, p.509: 24.04.1784 (?)
3) Amon, DR9, p.176: 24.11.1792 (?) / Forstner: 25.11.1792 (?)
4) Forstner: 14.03.1796 (?)
5) Forstner: Governor-General (?)
6) 11.04.1810 (?)


   

 
 B30 Belloute de Chrachay, Johann
Belloute de Chrachay et Watters, Johann Ritter

Personal Information

Born: Haid (Bor) / Bohemia, 30.03.1764
Died: Vienna, 08.05.1810


Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant: 1801
Oberst: 01.09.1805
Generalmajor: 02.09.1809


Elevation of Social Status

Ritter (by elevation of B31): 30.09.1779 (with predicate: "von Watters")


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)


Printed Sources

Amon, DR9, pp.231ff., 236, 387 (wrong: "Bellonte") | Leitner 2, p.122 | MilSchem | Svoboda 1, col.123 | WZ, 25.11.1809, 15.08.1810


Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 
 B31 Belloute de Chrachay, Karl
Belloute de Chrachay et Watters, Karl Ritter

Personal Information

Born: Lüttich (Liège) / Austrian Netherlands, 1729
Died: Bohemia, 24.07.18011


Promotions

Major: 1771
Oberstleutnant: 1773
Oberst: 05.1784
Generalmajor: 16.01.1790 (w.r.f. 17.11.1789)


Elevation of Social Status

Ritter: 30.09.1779 (with predicate: "von Watters")


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)


Printed Sources

Frank 1, p.69 | Kneschke 1, p.293 | MilSchem | ÖMKL 1, p.357f. (wrong: "Freiherr") | Wurzbach 1, p.247f.


Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


Notes
1) Schmidt-Brentano: 24.06.1801 (?)




 B32 Bencsur, Joseph von

Personal Information

Born: Käsmark (Késmárk) / Com. Zips (Szepes) / Hungary, 1759
Died: Vienna, 26.04.1846


Name Variants

also: Benczur


Promotions

Major: 1800
Oberstleutnant: 1804
Oberst: E.1807
Generalmajor: 29.11.1812
Feldmarschalleutnant: 08.02.1823
Retired: 1833


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°34: 28.10.1827 – 10.10.1841
2nd Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°34: 10.10.1841 – 26.04.1846


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
Bavaria:
Civil Order of Merit of the Bavarian Crown – CC: 1827
Sardinia-Piedmont:
Order of St. Maurice and St. Lazarus – GC: 1820


Printed Sources

Blasek/Rieger 1/I, p.396 (wrong: FML in 1822) | Gatti, IngAk, p.304 | Kreipner, IR34, pp.530f., 550 | MilSchem | Wrede 1, p.360 | WZ, 23.01.1808, 29.12.1812


Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale



 B33 Bender, (Johann) Blasius Columban von
Bender, (Johann) Blasius Columban Freiherr von

Personal Information

Born: Gengenbach (free imperial city), 11.(14.?)11.1713
Died: Prague (Praha) / Bohemia, 20.11.1798


Family Status

Uncle of B34
Married (1): Anna Freiin von Kollin
Married (2): Johanna Katharina Michaela von Gutenthal
Married (3): 1774 Luise Gräfin von Isenburg-Budingen (1731-1813)


Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant: vor 25.11.17561
Oberst: 1758
Generalmajor: 22.05.1769 (w.r.f. 04.06.1759)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 25.04.1775 (w.r.f. 08.07.1767)
Feldzeugmeister: 15.02.1786 (w.r.f. 25.01.1785)
Feldmarschall: 03.06.(03.09.?)1790


Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Fortress Commandant of Philippsburg: 1769
Fortress Commandant of Olmütz: 1775
Provisional Governor and Fortress Commandant of Luxemburg: 09.(19.?)09.1785 – 07.06.1795
Commanding General in the Austrian Netherlands: 01.1790 – 05.01.1795
Commanding General in Bohemia: 07.1795 – 20.11.1798


Field Service (1791-1815)

Commander of the (autonomous) Corps in the Austrian Netherlands: 12.1789 – 05.1791
Commander of the Austrian defence forces of the fortress of Luxemburg: 09.08.1794 – 07.06.1795 (–)


Elevation of Social Status

Freiherr: 01.01.1782


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – GC: 19.12.1790
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°41: 21.10.1778 – 20.11.1798


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)


Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)

Blasius Columban von Bender was born in 1713. He entered Austrian military service in 1733 and distinguished himself in the War of the Austrian Succession and in the Seven Years War which brought him promotions to Generalmajor (1769) and Feldmarschalleutnant (1775). In 1778 he was appointed Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°41.
Shortly before his promotion to Feldzeugmeister (1786) Bender was sent as Provisional Governor to Luxemburg where he conducted a short and successful campaign against the rebels. For this he was promoted Feldmarschall (1790) and awarded the Grand Cross of the Military Maria Theresian Order (MMTO). Additionally Bender was appointed Commanding General of the Austrian Netherlands. In 1794 he conducted a stout defence of Luxemberg fortress and was eventually starved into surrender. Four years later he died in Prague as Commanding General in Bohemia.


Printed Sources

ADB 2, p.320 | Amon, IR20, p.154 | Beck, F.W.: Zur Lebensgeschichte Feldmarschalls Joh. Blasius Columbanus von Bender. In: Die Ortenau. Veröffentlichungen des Historischen Vereins für Mittelbaden, year 1931, Offenburg 1931, p.184f.
| Bodart, p.302 | BU 3, p.625 | Doerr, p.261 | Engelhardt, Luxemburg, p.181 | Frank 1, p.70 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.290f. | Kempf, Johann Karl: Feldmarschall Johannes Blasius Columbanus von Bender. In: Die Ortenau. Veröffentlichungen des Historischen Vereins für Mittelbaden, year 1927, Offenburg 1927, p.1ff. | Kneschke 1, p.299 | MD 1, p.76 | Megerle, p.276ff. | MilSchem | NDB 2, p.38 (wrong: d. 20.09.1798) | ÖMKL 1, p.358f. | Roschach, Julius: Die Genealogie der Patrizierfamilie Bender in Gengenbach. In: Die Ortenau. Veröffentlichungen des Historischen Vereins für Mittelbaden, year 1992, Offenburg 1992, p.171ff. (printer's error: year of birth "1731" instead of "1713") | Wrede 1, p.408 | Wurzbach 1, p.263f. | Zivkovic, Generalität, pp.13, 35 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, pp.51, 127

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


Notes
1) According to the oldest personnel record (Standesliste) of the Infantry Regiment N°22 (Amon, IR20, p.154)


   

 
 B34 Bender, (Johann Evangelist) Joachim von
Bender, (Johann Evangelist) Joachim Freiherr von

Personal Information

Born: Freiburg im Breisgau / Anterior Austria, 01.02.17411
Died: Bad Griesbach / Baden or Bavaria, 26.02.18182


Family Status

Nephew of B33
Unmarried


Promotions

Major: 1789
Oberstleutnant: 1790
Oberst: 03.05.1794
Generalmajor: 01.03.1797 (w.r.f. 25.02.1797)
Feldmarschalleutnant (title): 12.1802 (w.r.f. 09.12.1802)
Retired: 12.1802


Elevation of Social Status

Freiherr (by elevation of B33): 01.01.1782


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)



Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

Amon, IR20, pp.248, 278 | Doerr, p.261 | Frank 1, p.70 | Kempf, Johann Karl: Feldmarschall Johannes Blasius Columbanus von Bender. In: Die Ortenau. Veröffentlichungen des Historischen Vereins für Mittelbaden, year 1927, Offenburg 1927, p.2 | Kneschke 1, p.299 | MD 1, p.76 | MilSchem | ÖMKL 1, p.359 | Roschach, Julius: Die Genealogie der Patrizierfamilie Bender in Gengenbach. In: Die Ortenau. Veröffentlichungen des Historischen Vereins für Mittelbaden, year 1992, Offenburg 1992, p.174f. | Wurzbach 1, p.263


Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


Notes
1) Date according to the epitaph (cited in: Roschach). On the other hand Wurzbach, Kempf and Schmidt-Brentano: 12.02.1741 (?)
2) Date according to the epitaph (cited in: Roschach). On the other hand MilSchem (d. Gengenbach), Schmidt-Brentano, Wurzbach (d. Gengenbach) and Kempf (d. Bad Griesbach): 26.07.1818 (?)


 
 
 B35 Benjowsky von Benjow und Urbanow, Johann Andreas

Personal Information

Born: Szerdahely / Com. Preßburg (Pozsony, Bratislava) / Hungary, 1740
Died: Preßburg (Pozsony, Bratislava) / Hungary, 01.09.1822


Name Variants

also: Benjovszky von Benjóv und Urbanóv


Promotions

Major: 1769
Oberstleutnant: 08.08.1773
Oberst: 16.11.1777
Generalmajor: 15.02.1786 (w.r.f. 14.02.1786)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 27.02.1793 (w.r.f. 18.02.1793)
Retired: 13.03.1795


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°31: 25.04.1794 – 25.07.1817
2nd Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°31: 25.07.1817 – 01.09.1822


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources
Blažekovič, IR31, I, pp.108, 112, 168, 353, 356
| MilSchem | Wrede 1, p.338

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


  
 
 B36 Bentheim-Steinfurth, (Friedrich) Wilhelm Graf von
Bentheim-Steinfurth, (Friedrich) Wilhelm Fürst von

Personal Information

Born: Castle Burgsteinfurt / Steinfurt, 17.04.1782
Died: Villafranca (n.l.) / Italy, 12.10.1839


Promotions

Major: 09.18041
Oberstleutnant: 02.1809
Oberst: 27.05.1809
Generalmajor: 08.10.18132
Feldmarschalleutnant: 20.08.1829


Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Adlatus of the Commanding General in Upper and Lower Austria and Salzburg: 08.1839 – 12.10.1839


Elevation of Social Status

Fürst: 1818


Order of Chivalry

Knight of the (Prussian) Order of St. John: end 18th cent.
Commander of the Commandery Burgsteinfurt: before 1811


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 08.03.1810
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°9: 1825 – 12.10.1839
Military Honor Cross 1813/14 (Army Cross 1813/14): ~ 1814
I.R. Privy Councillor: 1836
I.R. Chamberlain: 1810


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
Hannover:
Guelphic Order – CC: ~ 1815 / GC: 1829
Papal State:
Order of St. Gregor – GC II.Kl.: 1831
Parma:
Constantinian Order of St. George – GC: 1835


Printed Sources

Amon, IR47, pp.465, 490 | Dauber, p.205ff. | Hirtenfeld 2, p.1023ff. | MilSchem | ÖBL 1, p.70 | ÖMKL 1, p.362ff. | ÖMZ 1840, vol.3, p.130ff.: Nekrolog des Feldmarschall-Lieutenants Fürsten zu Bentheim-Steinfurt | Pickl, p.220 (wrong: d. 1840) | Wrede 1, p.174 | Wurzbach 1, p.282f. | WZ 02.12.1809


Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Marek (http://genealogy.euweb.cz/bentheim/bentheim2.html)
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


Notes
1) Dauber, p.205: 09.1801 (?)
2) Dauber, p.206 & ÖMZ: 04.10.1813 (?) / Amon, IR47, p.490: 07.10.1813 (?)


   

 
 B37 Berchtold, Joseph Emmerich Graf von

Personal Information

Born: 19.01.1734
Died: Tyrnau (Nagy-Szombat) / Com. Preßburg (Pozsony) / Hungary, 21.03.1799


Family Status

Married (1): Anna Maria Poluska
Married (2): 1798 Barbara Freiin Weiss von Horstenstein


Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 01.12.1779 (w.r.f. 29.11.1779)


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)


Printed Sources

MilSchem


Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
  
 B38 Berniakovics von Ollovetz, Alois Freiherr

Personal Information

Born: 17??
Died: (Vienna ?), 06.06.1818


Name Variants

also: Benjakovich


Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor (title): 05.04.1812
Retired: 05.04.1812


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)



Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

MilSchem | WZ, 03.06.1812


Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale



 
 B39 Bersina von Siegenthal, Heinrich
Bersina von Siegenthal, Heinrich Freiherr

Personal Information

Born: Holleschau (Holešov) / Mähren, 18.02.1762
Died: Vienna, 21.12.18311


Family Status

Married: 1801 Augusta Gräfin von Hennin (1769-?)


Promotions

Major: 19.03.1798
Oberstleutnant: 06.02.1799
Oberst: 17.11.1799
Generalmajor: 01.09.18052 (w.r.f. 08.02.1804)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 27.05.1809
General der Kavallerie: 02.11.1827


Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Comanding General ad interim in Slavonia and Syrmia: 07.1813 – 1816
Comanding General in Slavonia and Syrmia: 1816 – 10.1831
Vice-President of the Aulic War Council: 10.1831 – 21.12.1831


Elevation of Social Status

Freiherr: 20.08.1810


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 28.04.18093
2nd Colonel-Proprietor of the Cuirassier Regiment N°1: 12.1812 – 21.12.1831
I.R. Privy Councillor: 1816


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)
Heinrich Bersina von Siegenthal (later: Freiherr), born on 18 February 1762, entered Austrian military service in 1783 as a cadet in the Chevauxleger Regiment "Kinsky" N°7. He fought with distinction in the wars against the Turks and developed into an accomplished light cavalry and outpost commander. By 1792 he was appointed to Erzherzog Carl's staff; in 1799 he transferred to Cuirassier Regiment N°4 and fought in Italy.
In the November of the year Siegenthal was promoted Oberst. In January 1801 he raised the Uhlan Regiment N°3 in Krakau and took command of it. In 1802 Erzherzog Carl became Colonel-Proprietor of the regiment.
In September 1805, Siegenthal was promoted Generalmajor. He commanded a cavalry brigade in Löwenberg's division in northern Italy and earned great respect with his defence of Pontebba and the Flitcher Klause, in the mountains north of Udine, in the valley of the River Fella, on 19 November. By this latter delaying action, he allowed the armies of Erzherzog Carl and his brother Johann to unite.
In the 1809 campaign he fought in the Danube valley where his successful cavalry charge at Eggmühl on 22 April earned him the Knight's Cross of the Military Maria Theresian Order. At Aspern GM Siegenthal commanded a cavalry brigade and was promoted Feldmarschalleutnant after that battle. At Wagram he commanded a division in Hohenzollern-Hechingen's II Corps; his corps was also present at Znaim on 11 July but not engaged.
In 1810 Siegenthal was created Baron due to the reglement of the MMTO. FML (Bersina von) Siegenthal commanded the 3rd Division of the Austrian Corps in Russia in 1812 and was appointed 2nd Proprietor of Cuirassier Regiment N°1 at the end of that year.
In 1813 he handed Warsaw over to the Russians and was then appointed Commanding General in Slovenia and Syrmia. In 1827 he was promoted General der Kavallerie and later Vice President of the Aulic War Council. He died in Vienna in 1831.

Printed Sources

Doerr, p.282 | Frank 1, p.81 | Frank-Döfering, 454 | Hirtenfeld 2, p.925ff. | Kneschke 1, p.374 | MD 1, p.84 | Leitner 2, p.123f. | MilSchem | ÖBL 1, p.77 | Riedl, UR3, pp.21, 244, 334 | Svoboda 1, col.177ff. (wrong: Mjr in 1796 / Obstlt in 1796 / awarded the Order of Leopold ?) | Wrede 3, p.128 | Wurzbach 1, p.335 | WZ, 25.11.1809, 02.02.1813, 09.06.1816 | Zivkovic, Generalität, p.40 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, p.68


Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


Notes
1) ÖBL / Riedl, UR3, p.334: 31.12.1831 (?)
2) Riedl, UR3, p.334: 31.08.1805 (?)
3) Riedl, UR3, p.334: 22.04.1809 (?)



 
 B40 Bertoletti, Anton
Bertoletti, Anton Freiherr von

Personal Information

Born: Mailand (Milano) / Lombardy, 28.08.1775
Died: Vienna, 06.05.1846


Name Variants

(Italian) Antonio Barone Bertoletti


Family Status

Married: 1835 [N.] Baronessa Lazari de Chiaravalle


Promotions
Italy:
General of Brigade: 1811
Into Austrian service: 02.07.1814
Generalmajor: 02.07.1814
Feldmarschalleutnant: 20.09.1830
Feldzeugmeister: 23.12.1845


Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Adlatus of the Commanding General in Upper and Lower Austria and Salzburg: 1835-1839
Captain of the Lombardo-Venetian Noble Guard: 26.08.1839 – 06.05.1846


Elevation of Social Status (Austria)

Freiherr: 05.06.1838


Elevation of Social Status (Foreign Countries)
France:
Baron: 15.08.1809


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Order of the Iron Crown 2nd cl.: 1832
2nd Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°15: 1827-1835
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°15: 1835 – 06.05.1846
I.R. Privy Councillor: 1835


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
France:
Order of the Légion d'Honneur – OC: 1805
Italy (France):
Order of the Iron Crown – KC: 01.05.1806 / CC: ~ 1812
Russia:
Order of St. Anne 1st cl.: 1832


Printed Sources

Frank, N°601 | MD 1, p.86 | MilSchem | ÖMKL 1, p.380ff. | ÖMZ 1847, vol.2, p.3ff.: Leben des k.k. Feldzeugmeisters Anton Freiherrn von Bertoletti | Wrede 1, p.218 | Wrede (6), p.80 | Wurzbach 1, p.337f. | WZ, 07.08.1814 | Zivkovic, Generalität, p.42 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, p.46


Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Wikipedia [= http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lista_dei_generali_italiani_(1800-1815) ].- Download: 19.08.2008
 

 
 B41 Bertolini, Julian (Julius ?) Graf

Personal Information

Born: around 1727
Died: Vienna, 04.02.1800


Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 24.04.1784 (w.r.f. 19.04.1784)
Quit: 12.1796


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)


Printed Sources

MilSchem


Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale



 B42 Bésán de Dunaszekcsö, Emerich

Personal Information

Born: 17??
Died: Pest / Hungary, 06.12.1840


Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst: 02./03.1808
Generalmajor (a.h.): 16.09.1812


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

MilSchem | WZ, 09.03.1808, 20.10.1812


Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

   
 B43 Béthisy de Mézières, Eugen Eustachius Graf

Personal Information

Born: Montiers / France, 05.01.1739
Died: Paris / France, 14.06.1823


Name Variants

(French) Eugène-Eustache Marquis de Béthisy de Mézières


Family Status

Married: 1767 [N.] du Deffand


Promotions
France:
Marechal-de-Camp: 05.12.1781
Quit: 1791
Army of Condé: 1791
Into Austrian service: 1797
Generalmajor: 27.10.1797 (w.r.f. 24.10.1797)
Quit and into French service: 1814
Lieutenant General: 1814
(w.r.f. 01.01.1801)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
France:
Military Order of St. Louis – KC: 1760 / CC: 08.1787 / GC: 1793
Hohenlohe:
Order of the Phoenix – GC
: 1817

Printed Sources

BU 4, p.222f. | Courcelles 2, p.240ff. (w/o date of death) / 3, p.482 / 6, p.487f. | Mazas/Anne 1, p.523f. / 2, p.82f. | MilSchem


Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 

 
 B44 Bethlen (de Bethlen), Paul Graf

Personal Information

Born: Bethlen (Beclean) / Transylvania, 1735
Died: Bethlen (Beclean) / Transylvania, 14.10.1795


Family Status

Married: 1771 Christina Freiin Kemény de Magyargyerömonostor (1743-1811)


Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 10.04.1783 (w.r.f. 24.03.1783)


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)


Printed Sources

MilSchem


Internet Sources

Marek (http://genealogy.euweb.cz/hung/bethlen5.html)
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 
 B45 Betzmann, (Johann) Gottlieb von

Personal Information

Born: 17??
Died: Szarhegy / Com. Csik / Transylvania, 24.02.1819


Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant: 04./05.1808 or 08./09.1808
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 27.02.1814


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)



Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

MilSchem | WZ, 04.05.1808 or WZ, 05.10.1808


Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


   

 
 B46 Beust, Ernst von

Personal Information

Born: 17??
Died: 29.10.1815


Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 01.03.1797 (w.r.f. 13.02.1797)


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)


Printed Sources

MilSchem


Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale



 
 B47 Bey, Karl Graf von

Personal Information

Born: 17??
Died: near Neumarkt (Maros-Vásárhely) / Com. Maros-Torda / Transylvania, 23.10.1819


Promotions

Major: 30.05.1788
Oberstleutnant: 18.07.1789
Oberst: 26.08.1793
Generalmajor: 14.03.1797 (w.r.f. 26.04.1797)
Feldmarschalleutnant (a.h.): 27.04.1801 (w.r.f. 21.04.1801)


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)



Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

MilSchem | Wengen, DR13, pp.517, 537, 567, 569f.


Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale



 
 B48 Beyer von Bu(e)chholz und Rothweil, Joseph

Personal Information

Born: around 1749
Died: Vienna, 16.07.1806


Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 07.05.1800 (w.r.f. 04.06.1800)


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)


Printed Sources

MilSchem


Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale





Placed on the Napoleon Series: March 2008, updated October 2008

 

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