Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics


  By Leopold Kudrna, with Biographical Essays by Digby Smith.




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Austrian Generals
1792-1815


B
 
Part 2
 
Bianchi  to  Bydeskuti



 
  
 B49 Bianchi, (Vincenz Ferrer) Friedrich von
Bianchi, Duca di Casalanza, (Vincenz Ferrer) Friedrich von
Bianchi, Duca di Casalanza, (Vincenz Ferrer) Friedrich Freiherr von

Personal Information
Born: Vienna, 01.02.17681
Died: Sauerbrunn near Rohitsch (Rogatec) / Styria, 21.08.1855


Name Variants
(Italian) Vincenzo Federico Barone Bianchi, Duca di Casalanza


Family Status
Married: 1808 Friederike Liebetrau von Maixdorf (1780-1838)


Promotions
Major: 03.02.1799
Oberstleutnant: 07.03.1800
Oberst: 01.06.18002
Generalmajor: 01.01.1807 (w.r.f. 26.05.1805)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 25.08.18093
Retired: 23.02.18244


Field Service (1792-1815)
Adjutant-General of the Army of Germany: 09.-10.1805
Commander of the Austrian forces at the combat of Preßburg: 03./04.05.1809 (+)
Commander of the 1st Army Group: 02.-04.1814
Commander of the combined Corps (Army of Italy): 04.-06.1814
Commander of the Austrian forces at the combat of Mâcon: 11.03.1814 (+)
Commander of the Army of Naples (= 2nd Army Corps / Army of Italy): 04.1815 – 06.1815
Commander of the 2nd Army Corps (Army of Italy): 04.-10.1815
Commander of the Austrian forces at the battle of Tolentino: 03.05.1815 (+)


Elevation of Social Status (Austria)

Freiherr: 06.18.1816
Imperial recognition of the Neapolitan "Duca" title: 02.08.1815


Elevation of Social Status (Foreign Countries)
Naples-Sicily:
Duca di Casalanza: 06.1815


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 14.06.1809 / CC: 20.10.1813
Order of the Iron Crown 1st cl.: 12.02.1816
Military Honor Cross 1813/14 (Army Cross 1813/14): ~ 1814
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°63: 02.03.1811 – 21.08.1855
I.R. Privy Councillor: 17.05.1815


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
Naples-Sicily:
Order of St. Ferdinand and of Merit – GC: 21.06.1815
Prussia:
Order of the Red Eagle 1st cl.: 06.1814
Russia:
Order of St. Alexander Nevskij: 1817
Order of St. George 3rd cl.: 16.10.18135
Order of St. Anne 1st cl.: 08./09.1813
Sardinia-Piedmont:
Order of St. Maurice and St. Lazarus – GC: 1814


Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)
Friedrich Vinzenz Ferrer von Bianchi attended the Engineering Academy in Vienna. In October 1787, he was appointed Leutnant and sent to the Danube front at Syrmia. On 21 September 1788 – at the 1st storm of Novi Sad (Neusatz) – he volunteered to take part. A few days later – on 3 October 1788 – he was distinguished in the 3rd storm and promoted to Oberleutnant. In 1789 Bianchi took part in the storm of Berbier. The next year he was again distinguished in the assaults on Czettin from 11 - 20 July 1790.
In 1792 Bianchi served in Hohenlohe's Corps at the sieges of Landau and Thionville and the following year at the siege of Valenciennes. In October 1793, he was promoted to Kapitänleutnant. On 30 April 1794, he distinguished himself at the storm of Landrecy. In 1795 he served in the siege of Mannheim and was then posted to the General Quartermaster Staff.
In the campaign of 1796 Bianchi was assigned to Field Marshal Wurmser's headquarter. He was distinguished at the action at Salo on Lake Garda and on 2 November at the capture of Cadine and Terlago. At Trient he and Oberleutnant Döller captured 2 French officers and 52 men. The following year (1797) Bianchi served in FZM Baron Alvinczy's corps. During the battle of Rivoli (14-15 July) he was captured but soon exchanged. Bianchi fought at the Tagliamento River and was appointed Flügeladjutant to FZM Prinz von Oranien in Italy. From 1798 to 1799, he acted as escort to the young Archduke Ferdinand d'Este. On 1 June 1800, Bianchi was promoted to Oberst and given command of the Infantry Regiment Vukassovich N°48. In 1804 he was sent to Cattaro to suppress an Albanian uprising.
At the beginning of the campaign of 1805 Bianchi served in the Danube valley. He helped to save Archduke Ferdinand d'Este from capture at Ulm and accompanied him to Bohemia. Two years later (1807) he was appointed Generalmajor. In 1809 he commanded a brigade in Archduke Ludwig's V Corps; he was distinguished on 20 April at Kirchdorf and at Neumarkt (24 April) where he fought in FML Fürst Reuss' 1st Column. He fought again at Ebelsberg on 3 May and distinguished himself at Aspern on the second day (22 May) in the defence of Aspern village against Marshal Massena; the village changed hands four times. After the battle Bianchi was sent to Pressburg to defend the bridgehead. He was yet again distinguished in the defence with 10 battalions, 7 squadrons and 22 guns against the repeated assaults by Marshal Louis-Nicolas Davout, the Duke of Auerstädt on 1 - 3 June. For this he was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Military Maria Theresian Order (MMTO) on 14 June 1809 and promoted to Feldmarschalleutnant in August. After the war Bianchi was appointed Inspector-General in Hungary and in 1811 Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°63.
The war of 1812 saw him in command of the 1st Division of the Austrian corps in Russia. He fought at Podubnie, Diwin, Staroi Wiswa, Luboml, Trisczin, Biala, Rudnia and Pinsk. In 1813 he was with the Reserve Corps of the Army of Bohemia and distinguished himself at Dresden and Kulm. On the first day of the battle of Leipzig (16 October) FML Bianchi stopped the French advance on the south of the battlefield, at Gröbern and Gossa, took up Kleist's battered corps and captured 12 guns. That same day, Czar Alexander gave him Prince Volkonski's decoration of the Russian Order of St. George 3rd class. For his merits during the battle he was awarded the Commander's Cross of the MMTO. In 1814 he was distinguished on 14 February at Cleray and took over command of I Corps at Montereau when Colloredo was wounded. On 11 March his division took Macon from GdD Count Louis-François-Felix Musnier's troops. From 16-20 March 1814, he fought with FML Graf Bubna's 1st Light Division, which defeated GdD Count Claude-Marie-Joseph Pannetier`s troops around Limonest. On 30 March, he was appointed Hofkriegsrat.
In the 1815 campaign FML Bianchi fought in Italy; on 4 April he was defeated at Modena by Italian General Filangeri in the clash at Modena. On 2/3 May, he fought alone at Tolentino and won with only 9,800 infantry, 93 cavalry and 28 guns against Murat's 36,000 men and 56 guns (Neipperg's division was delayed in coming to his support). On 19/20 May, Bianchi crossed the Volturno River and signed the treaty of Casalanza, ending hostilities. He was rewarded with a gift of 10,000 Gulden and awarded the Order of the Iron Crown 1st class. King Ferdinand of the Two Sicilies made him Duca di Casalanza with an annuity of 15,000 Ducats and awarded the Crand Cross of his Order of St. Ferdinand and of Merit to him. In August 1816, Bianchi was created Freiherr (Baron).
During the Italian Revolution of 1848 the old and meritorious general was imprisoned in harsh conditions by the rebels in Treviso from April to June.


Printed Sources
ADB 2, p.608 (wrong: b. 20.02.1768) | Beran IR55, p.89ff. | Bodart, p.406, 477, 485 | Frank-Döfering, N°486 and N°488 | Gatti, IngAk, p.335ff. | (Heller von Hellwald): Friedrich Freiherr von Bianchi, Duca di Casalanza, k.k. österreichischer Feldmarschalllieutenant, Wien 1857 | Hirtenfeld 2, p.1147ff. | Hold, IR48, pp.30, 34, 39, 41ff. | Hollins, p.16f. | Kneschke 1, p.408 | Lombroso, p.592ff. | Luraghi, Raimondo: Italians in the Habsburg Armed Forces, 1815-1849. In: Király, Béla K. (Hg.): East Central European Society and War in the Era of Revolutions, 1775-1856 (= War and Society in East Central Europe, 4 = Brooklyn College Studies on Society in Change, 13 = East European Monographs, 150), New York 1984, p.222 | MD 1, p.90 (wrong: b. 20.02.1768) | MilSchem | MZ, year 1855, N°95 (from 01.09.1855), p.607f. | Nahlik, IR55, pp.39ff., 64, 267f. | NDB 2, p.214 | ÖMKL 1, p.400ff. | Wrede 1, p.503 | Wrede (6), p.33 | Wurzbach 1, p.373ff. (wrong: b. 20.02.1768) | WZ, 25.11.1809, 07.09.1813, 20.02.1814, 30.05.1815, 04.08.1815, 20.02.1816 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, pp.119, 132-134

Internet Sources
Ebert (http://www.napoleon-online.de/AU_Generale/html/bianchi.html)
Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
Vederman

Wikipedia [= http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lista_dei_generali_italiani_(1800-1815) ].- Download: 19.08.2008

Notes
1) Luraghi, p.222 / MZ: b. 02.02.1768 (?)
2) MZ: 02.06.1800 (?)
3) MZ: 21.08.1809 (?)
4) MZ: 16.03.1824 (?)
5) Vederman: 09.11.[28.10.]1813 (?)



 
 B50 Bianchi, Johann von

Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: Linz / Upper Austria, 13.01.1804


Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 01.03.1797 (w.r.f. 02.04.1797)


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)


Printed Sources
MilSchem


Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
Wikipedia [= http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lista_dei_generali_italiani_(1800-1815) ].- Download: 19.08.2008
 


 
 B51 Bicking von Sobinak, Anton

Personal Information
Born: Vienna, 10.07.1757
Died: Großwardein (Nagy-Várad) / Com. Bihar / Hungary, 11.11.1825


Promotions
Major: 24.02.1796
Oberstleutnant: 1799
Oberst: 1801
Generalmajor: 23.06.1808 (w.r.f. 15.08.1805)
Retired: 1809


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)


Printed Sources
MilSchem | Svoboda 1, col.76 | WZ, 09.07.1808


Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 

 B52 Bieber, Joseph
Bieber, Joseph Ritter von

Personal Information
Born: 2nd H 18th cent.
Died: Prague (Praha) / Bohemia, 24.02.(08.?)1828


Name Variants

also: Biber


Promotions

Major: 1799
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 15.08.18081
Retired: 1809


Elevation of Social Status

Ritter: 08.05.1815


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)



Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

Frank 1, p.88 | Frank-Döfering, 493 | May, IR35, pp.127, 141, 144 | MilSchem | Wurzbach 1, p.386 | WZ, 03.09.1808


Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


Notes
1) May, IR35, p.144: 13.08.1808 (?)



  
 B53 Biela, Karl Freiherr von

Personal Information

Born: 1732
Died: Prague (Praha) / Bohemia, 10.06.1803


Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 15.05.1784 (w.r.f. 07.05.1784)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 27.02.1793 (09.02.1793)
Retired: 22.11.1793


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)


Printed Sources

MilSchem


Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


   

 
 B54 Billenberg, Franz Freiherr von

Personal Information

Born: 1737
Died: Graz / Styria, 20.01.1814


Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 21.11.1804 (w.r.f. 11.11.1803)
Retired: 1805


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)


Printed Sources

MilSchem | WZ, 03.06.1814


Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 
 B55 Binder, Joseph
Binder von Degenschild, Joseph Ritter

Personal Information
Born: 24.08.1742
Died: 17.01.1813


Promotions
Major: 12.1777
Oberstleutnant: 12.1783
Oberst: 23.08.1786
Generalmajor: 27.02.1793
Feldmarschalleutnant (title): 09.04.1796 (w.r.f. 15.11.1795)
Retired: 09.04.1796


Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Deputy President of the Military-Appellate-Court: 12.1806 – 17.01.1813


Elevation of Social Status
Ritter (by elevation of his father): 22.02.1747 (with predicate: "von Degenschild")

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Decoration of the Elisabeth Theresian Military Foundation: 1795


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)


Biographical Essay (by Albrecht Zimburg)
Being a son of an army officer (Georg Heinrich Ritter Binder von Degenschild [Württemberg, 31.7.1695 - ?] k.k. Oberstleutnant IR 17, Commander of the Hospital in Pettau), it was natural for him to enter the Military Academy in Wr. Neustadt on 24.12.1755. As the Seven Years War raged he soon saw action at the battles of Kunersdorf (12.8.1759), Marxen (20.11.1759) und Landshut (23.6.1760). As Fahnenkadett he was transfered to Infantry Regiment Kolowrat N°17, where he rose to the rank of captain in 1767. He commanded the Grenadier Battalion "Davidovich" and from 1784 on the Grenadier Battalion "Mersics". With 23.8.1786 he was not only promoted to colonel but also took command oft the Infantry Regiment "Gyulai" N°51. In the campaign of 1789 against the Turks he distinguished himself at Porcseny. 1793, already promoted to GM, he took part in the siege of Mainz, 1794 saw him in a fight at Chateau (17. and 18.10.1794) and Mannheim (Nov. 1794). Because of an inflicted injury or wound he lost one arm and was unfit for duty, so that he had to be pensioned. To honor his achievements and his bravery he was promoted to FML and also had the honor of an appointment as a Member oft the Elisabeth-Theresien-Foundation 2nd cl. (1st cl. in 1800), which came together with an additional pension. Mid 1796 he got reassigned at the military court in Vienna ("judicium delegatum militare mixtum") as an assessor. In the period from December 1806 to January 1813 he held the position as Deputy President of the Military Appeal Court in Vienna. He was married to the sister of FZM Anton Freiherr von Zach, Anna von Zach (Pest, 27.12.1749 – Pressburg, 24.4.1794) with whom he had several children.


Printed Sources
Auer, N°57 | Frank 1, p.92 | Kreipner, IR34, pp.171, 185, 188 | Leitner 2, p.69 (wrong: d. 1812) | MilSchem | Svoboda 1, col.26 | WZ, 02.03.1813 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, p.34

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale



 
 B56 Blankenstein, Ernst Paul Christian Freiherr von
Blankenstein, Ernst Paul Christian Graf von

Personal Information

Born: Reinsdorf / Saxony, 18.06.1733
Died: Battelau (Batelov) / Moravia, 12.06.1816


Name Variants

also: Blanckenstein


Promotions

Major: 05.1763
Oberstleutnant: 1767
Oberst: 1768
Generalmajor: 25.04.1775 (w.r.f. 16.05.1771)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 15.02.1786 (w.r.f. 14.02.1786)
General der Kavallerie: 21.05.1794 (w.r.f. 02.06.1794)


Elevation of Social Status

Graf: 07.05.1796


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Colonel-Proprietor of the Hussar Regiment N°16 / (since 1798:) N°6: 1791-1814
2nd Colonel-Proprietor of the Hussar Regiment N°6: 1814 – 12.06.1816
I.R. Chamberlain: 04.1763


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

Doerr, p.270 | Frank 1, p.96 | MD 1, p.97 | MilSchem | ÖMKL 1, p.426f. | Pickl, p.213 | Ritter, p.114 | Sturm 1, p.105 | Wenzlik-Ebert, p.8f. | Wrede 3, p.261 | Wurzbach 1, p.425f. | Zivkovic, Generalität, p.36


Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 
 B57 Blankenstein, Heinrich Freiherr von

Personal Information
Born: Reinsdorf / Saxony, 02.06.1744
Died: Iglau (Jihlava) / Moravia, 05.03.1827


Name Variants

also: Blanckenstein


Promotions

Major: 02.02.1794
Oberstleutnant: 20.01.1796
Oberst: 08.10.1796
Generalmajor: 02.10.1799 (w.r.f. 12.12.1799)
Retired: 18.02.1800


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

Buschek, IR23, I, pp.574, 606, 615, 618, 633, 669, 818 (wrong: Mjr on 02.02.1793), 911 (ditto) | MilSchem | (Wurzbach 1, p.425f.)


Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 
 B58 Blaskovics, Paul von

Personal Information
Born: Bodorfalva / Com. Turoc / Hungary, 1735
Died: Waitzen (Vácz) / Com. Pest / Hungary, 29.06.1806


Name Variants

also: Blaskovich


Promotions

Major: 01.01.17741
Oberstleutnant: 01.05.1784
Oberst: 03.09.1789
Generalmajor (title): 28.05.17942 (w.r.f. 06.03.1794)
Retired: 28.05.1794


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)


Printed Sources

Amon, HR1, pp.58, 70f., 90, 136f., 492, 494, 496 | MilSchem


Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


Notes
1) According to Amon, HR1, p.136 (contrary to p.58: 1773 ?)
2) Amon, HR1, p.136: 31.05.1794 (?)



 B59 Blodig, Johann Nepomuk
Blodig von Sternfeld, Johann Nepomuk

Personal Information
Born: around 1729
Died: Vienna, 07.07.1807


Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 07.10.1801 (w.r.f. 02.10.1801)


Elevation of Social Status

plain nobility: 25.07.1777 (with predicate: "von Sternfeld")


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)


Printed Sources

Frank 1, p.98 | Kneschke 1, p.471 | MilSchem | WZ, 15.08.1807


Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale



 
 B60 Blowský, Joseph von

Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: 15.05.1795


Name Variants

also: Blovsky, Plowsky


Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant: 05.1778
Oberst: 11.1781
Generalmajor: 18.06.17891


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)


Printed Sources

Kreipner, IR34, pp.177, 180, 182, 185, 214 | MilSchem


Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


Notes
1) Kreipner, IR34, p.207: 17.06.1789 (?)

 

 B61 Blum, Urban Christian Freiherr von

Personal Information
Born: 02.08.1743
Died: Vienna, 24.04.1823


Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst: 1801
Generalmajor: 22.01.1808 (w.r.f. 22.06.1805)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 27.04.1813


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

I.R. Chamberlain: 02./03.1814


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

MilSchem | Pickl, p.220 | Pizzighelli, DR3, p.121 | WZ, 20.02.1808, 11.05.1813, 08.06.1813, 21.03.1814


Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 
 B62 Bögner, Franz von

Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: Italy, 04.04.1800


Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst: 1797
Generalmajor: 02.10.1799


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)


Printed Sources

Gatti, IngAk, p.78 | MilSchem


Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale



 
 B63 Bogdan, Joseph von
Bogdan von Sturmbruck, Joseph Freiherr

Personal Information
Born: Egervár / Com. Eisenburg (Vas) / Hungary, 19.09.1769
Died: Lemberg (Lwów, L’viv) / Galicia, 14.05.1827


Promotions

Major: 18.11.1800
Oberstleutnant: 06.06.1804
Oberst: 01.04.1807
Generalmajor: 22.07.1809
Feldmarschalleutnant: 07.01.1823


Elevation of Social Status

Freiherr: 01.08.1802 (with predicate: "von Sturmbruck")


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 30.04.1802


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
Sardinia-Piedmont:
Order of St. Maurice and St. Lazarus – GC


Printed Sources

Frank 1, p.104 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.721ff. | Kneschke 1, p.529 | MD 1, p.103 | MD 7, p.28 | MilSchem | ÖBL 1, p.98 | ÖMKL 1, p.437ff. | Wurzbach 23, p.362 | WZ, 25.11.1809


Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 B64 Boissy de Banne, Ludwig Graf

Personal Information
Born: Montregard / France, 19.04.1744
Died: Vienna, 16.03.1811


Name Variants

(French) Louis-Régis Vicomte de Boissy de Banne


Promotions
France:
Marechal-de-Camp: 08.03.1793
Into Austrian service: 05.04.1793
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 03.1804 (w.r.f. 18.03.1804)
Retired: 03.1804


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
France:
Military Order of St. Louis – KC: 28.11.1784


Printed Sources

MilSchem | Six 1, p.114


Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 
 B65 Bojakowský von Knurow, Franz Freiherr

Personal Information
Born: 20.05.1749
Died: Malhotitz (Malhotice) / Moravia, 06.03.1811


Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor (a.h.): 08.05.1805 (w.r.f. 19.03.1805)
Retired: 08.05.1805
Reactivated: 18??
Retired: 1810


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)


Printed Sources

MilSchem | WZ, 02.05.1812


Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 
 B66 Bojanowsky, Sylvius Alexander von
Bojanowsky, Sylvius Alexander Freiherr von

Personal Information
Born: Schweinern / Silesia, 1724
Died: Keresztúr / Hungary, 11.02.1799


Promotions

Major: 01.08.1752
Oberstleutnant: 01.02.1758
Oberst: 12.11.1758
Generalmajor: 19.01.1771 (w.r.f. 24.08.1759)


Elevation of Social Status

Freiherr: 05.04.1760


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 07.03.1758


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)


Printed Sources
Frank 1, p.105 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.44f. | MilSchem | ÖMKL 1, p.457f. | Wurzbach 23, p.362


Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale



 B67 Bolza, (Anton) Peter von
Bolza, (Anton) Peter Freiherr von
Bolza, (Anton) Peter Graf von

Personal Information
Born: Vienna, 22.02.17501
Died: Vienna, 23.02.1817


Family Status

Brother of B68
Married: 1777 (Maria Anna) Antonia Gräfin Stockhammer (1750-1821)


Promotions

Major: end 1785
Oberstleutnant: 07.1789
Oberst: 1793
Generalmajor: 18.09.1796
Retired: 1801


Elevation of Social Status

Freiherr: 30.07.1790
Graf: 19.07.1808


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 19.12.1790


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

Bolza, Alfons: Biographische und genealogische Aufzeichnungen des Adelsgeschlechtes Bolza vom 15. bis 20. Jahrhundert, (Vienna) 2006, p.5f. (wrong: GM in 1795) | Frank 1, p.107 | Frank-Döfering, 567 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.315 | MD 1, p.105 | MilSchem | ÖMKL 1, p.463 | Wurzbach 2, p.35


Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


Notes
1) Bolza: 23.02.1754 (baptism)



 B68 Bolza, (Johann Nepomuk Franz) Werner Freiherr von

Personal Information
Born: Vienna, 31.01.1754
Died: Vienna, 06.06.1817


Family Status

Brother of B67
Married: 1777 Maria Anna Freiin von Steinbach (1760-1815)


Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 06.03.1800 (w.r.f. 13.11.1800)
Retired: 1800


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)



Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

Bolza, Alfons: Biographische und genealogische Aufzeichnungen des Adelsgeschlechtes Bolza vom 15. bis 20. Jahrhundert, (Vienna) 2006, p.6f. (wrong: GM in 1799) | MilSchem


Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 
 B69 Bonfanti, Anton Freiherr von

Personal Information
Born: Milan (Milano) / Lombardy, 1768
Died: Milan (Milano) / Lombardy, 11.12.1851


Name Variants
(Italian) Antonio Barone di Bonfanti


Promotions
Italy:
General of Brigade: ?
General of Division: 1813
Into Austrian service: 01.04.1815
Generalmajor: 18.11.1814
Feldmarschalleutnant (a.h.): 18.11.1814
Retired: 18.11.1814


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)



Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
France:
Order of the Légion d'Honneur – KC
Italy (France):
Order of the Iron Crown 2nd cl.


Printed Sources

MilSchem | Soldatenfreund, year 1851, N°152 (from 20.12.1851), p.611 | WZ, 15.04.1815


Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Wikipedia [= http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lista_dei_generali_italiani_(1800-1815) ].- Download: 19.08.2008

 

 
 B70 Boros de Rákos, Adam

Personal Information
Born: Czestany (n.l.) / Com. Eisenburg (Vas) / Hungary, 1739
Died: Steinamanger (Szombathely) / Com. Eisenburg (Vas) / Hungary, 21.02.1809


Promotions

Major: 07.1778
Oberstleutnant: 05.1779
Oberst: 1784
Generalmajor: 16.01.1790 (w.r.f. 10.01.1790)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 04.03.1796 (w.r.f. 29.07.1795)
Retired: 10.1796


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 07.11.1795


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)


Printed Sources

Hirtenfeld 1, p.448f. | MilSchem | ÖMKL 1, p.472 | Wenzlik-Ebert p.9f. | Wurzbach 2, p.74f.


Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 
 B71 Borsiczky, Franz Ignaz
Borsiczky, Franz Ignaz Freiherr von

Personal Information
Born: Borsitz (Borschicz, Borčice) / Com. Trentschin (Trencsén) / Hungary, 1725
Died: Bobrowiz (n.l.), 19.11.1792


Name Variants

also: Borczycky, Borczyczky


Promotions

Major: 1771
Oberstleutnant: 01.02.1772
Oberst: 12.1777
Generalmajor: 15.05.1784 (w.r.f. 05.05.1784)
Retired: 1784


Elevation of Social Status

Freiherr: 17??


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 15.02.1779


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

Hirtenfeld 1, p.221 (wrong: d. 1793) | MilSchem (wrong: d. 01.1793) | ÖMKL 1, p.470 | Wurzbach 2, p.63


Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale



 
 B72 Botta d’Adorno, Jakob Johann Baptist Marchese

Personal Information
Born: Cremona / Lombardy, 1729
Died: Brünn (Brno) / Moravia, 17.01.1803


Name Variants

(Italian) Giacomo Marchese Botta (d’)Adorno


Family Status

Brother of B73


Promotions

Major: 1756
Oberstleutnant: 1757
Oberst: 23.08.1758
Generalmajor: 03.07.1760 (w.r.f. 15.06.1759)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 19.01.1771 (w.r.f. 30.07.1767)
Feldzeugmeister: 15.02.1786 (w.r.f. 28.01.1785)
Feldmarschall: 1790 (w.r.f. 03.05.1790)


Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Commanding General ad interim in Moravia and Silesia: 06.1774 – 09.1775
Commanding General in Moravia and Silesia: 01.1784 – 01.1799


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 04.12.1758
2nd Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°1: 1767 – 17.01.1803
I.R. Chamberlain


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)


Printed Sources

ADB 47, p.141 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.66f. | Hödl, IR29, pp.121, 132, 586 | MD 1, p.113 | MilSchem | ÖMKL 1, p.477 | Sturm 1, p.128 | Wrede 1, p.118 | Wurzbach 2, p.91f. | Zivkovic, Generalität, pp.13, 35 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, pp.52, 53, 126


Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
Shamà

 

 
 B73 Botta d’Adorno, Joseph Berganzo Marchese

Personal Information
Born: Pavia / Lombardy, 1725
Died: Pavia / Lombardy, 21.02.1799


Name Variants
(Italian) Giuseppe Bergonzio Marchese Botta (d’)Adorno


Family Status

Brother of B72


Promotions

Major: 09.03.1758
Oberstleutnant: 1759
Oberst: 01.05.1763
Generalmajor: 07.12.1771 (w.r.f. 28.07.1765)
Retired: 02.1772


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 22.12.1761


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)


Printed Sources

Hirtenfeld 1, p.125 | MilSchem | ÖMKL 1, p.477 | Tomaschek, DR8, pp.240, 686 | Victorin, DR7, pp.175 (wrong: GM in 1772), 416 | Wurzbach 2, p.92


Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
Shamà



 B74 Bouget, Ferdinand von

Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: (Preßburg [Pozsony, Bratislava] / Hungary ?), 23.11.1818


Promotions

Major: 1788
Oberstleutnant: 1792
Oberst: 1793
Generalmajor: 19.08.1794 (w.r.f. 17.12.1794)
Retired: 19.08.1794


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)



Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

MilSchem | Pizzighelli, DR5, pp.52, 57, 59, 64, 250, 252, 254


Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 
 B75 Bourgeois, Joseph Toussaint
Bourgeois, Joseph Toussaint von
Bourgeois, Joseph Toussaint Freiherr von

Personal Information
Born: 15.11.1744
Died: Vienna, 06.05.1820


Family Status

Married (1): 1791 Maria de Best (17??-1795)
Married (2): 1798 Dominika Gräfin von Forgách (17??-1840)


Promotions

Major: 1783
Oberstleutnant: 1788
Oberst: 1789
Generalmajor: 29.04.1797
Feldmarschalleutnant: 01.09.1805
Retired: 11.01.1811


Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Local Director of the Academy of Engineers: 04.10.1790 – 27.(11.?)01.1811


Elevation of Social Status
plain nobility: 23.10.1797
Freiherr: 12.01.1811


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°55: 28.01.18111 – 02.03.1811 (voluntary resignation)
Order of Leopold – CC: 07.01.1809


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Printed Sources
Beran IR55, p.88f. | Blasek/Rieger 1/I, p.387 (wrong: GM in 1794) | Doerr, p.284 | Frank 1, p.117 | Frank-Döfering, 651 | Gatti, IngAk, p.187, 349 | Kneschke 1, p.601f. | MilSchem | Nahlik, IR55, p.39 | Wrede 1, p.503 | WZ, 09.03.1808, 11.01.1809 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, p.37

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


Notes
1) Nahlik, IR55, p.39: 31.01.1811 (?)

 

 
 B76 Bournonville, Maximilian Casimir Marquis de

Personal Information
Born: 04.10.1713
Died: ?


Name Variants
(French) Maximilien Marquis de Bournonville et du Sars


Family Status
Unmarried

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 01.01.1763 (w.r.f. 25.05.1760)


Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Governor of Charleroy: 1768-17??

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)


Printed Sources
Guillaume, p.381 | MilSchem (w/o date of death)

Internet Sources
Les Seigneurs de Bournonville (http://www.sars-la-bruyere.net/seigneursdebournonville.htm) (w/o date of death)
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale (w/o date of death)

 

 
 B77 Boxich, Markus von

Personal Information
Born: Svinjarevci / Slavonia, 1756
Died: KIA Raab (Györ) / Hungary, 14.06.1809


Promotions
Major: 01.10.1794
Oberstleutnant: 12.1799
Oberst: ~1805
Generalmajor: 18.05.1809


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)


Printed Sources
Allmayer-Beck, p.77 | MilSchem | ÖMKL 1, p.483 | Wurzbach 2, p.102

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 
 B78 Brabe(c)k, Adolf Balduin Freiherr von

Personal Information
Born: "Kochhausen" (n.l. ? = Lohausen ?) / Westfalia, 1733
Died: KIA Arcole / Venetia, 16.11.1796


Promotions
Major: 01.09.1778
Oberstleutnant: 07.1778
Oberst: 20.01.1790
Generalmajor: 09.12.1795


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)


Printed Sources
Allmayer-Beck, p.74 | MilSchem | ÖMKL 1, p.483f. | Wurzbach 2, p.106

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 
 
 B79 Brady of Longthee, Thomas Freiherr von

Personal Information
Born: Cootehill / County Cavan / Ireland, 1752
Died: Vienna, 16.10.1827


Promotions
Major: 28.03.1790
Oberstleutnant: 01.04.1793
Oberst: 01.03.1795
Generalmajor: 06.09.1796
Feldmarschalleutnant: 28.01.1801 (w.r.f. 30.01.1801)
Feldzeugmeister (title): 08.09.18091
Retired: 08.09.1809


Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Military Commander in Dalmatia (Zara): 10.1803 – 02.1806


Elevation of Social Status

Ritter: 04.11.1758
Freiherr: 22.10.1763


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 15.11.1788
2nd Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°1: 1803 – 16.10.1827
I.R. Privy Councillor: 1807
I.R. Chamberlain: 1801


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

Duffy, p.367 | Frank 1, p.118 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.241f. | Hollins, p.31f. | MilSchem | MD 1, p.118 | Nekrolog 1827/2, p. 1146, N°1143 | ÖBL 1, p.105 | ÖMKL 1, p.484 | Pickl, p.218 | Schmidhofer, p.176f. | Wrede 1, p.118 | Wurzbach 2, p.107 | Zivkovic, Generalität, p.38 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, p.70


Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


Notes
1) Zivkovic, Generalität: 06.09.1809 (?)


 

 
 B80 Brandis, Ignaz Judas Thaddäus Adam Graf von

Personal Information
Born: 27.10.1742 (baptism)
Died: 12.03.1814


Promotions

Major: 24.04.1784
Oberstleutnant: 19.05.1788
Oberst: 26.02.17941
Generalmajor: 01.03.17972 (w.r.f. 09.02.1797)


Order of Chivalry

Knight of the Teutonic Order: 1768
Coadjutor of the Bailiwick »On the Etsch and in the mountains« (= Tyrol): 1797
Province Commander (Landkomtur) of the Bailiwick »On the Etsch and in the mountains« (= Tyrol): 1799 – 12.03.1814


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)


Printed Sources

Amon, IR4, pp.204, 213, 257, 330 | MilSchem (w/o date of death) | Oldenhage, p.78 | Täubl, p.190


Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale (w/o date of death)


Notes
1) Amon, IR4, p.257: date of the supreme resolution (proclaimed to the regiment with army field order from 17 March 1794)
2) Amon, IR4, p.330: "Mit allerhöchstem Handschreiben vom 28. Februar [1797] ... als General-Major in Ruhestand versetzt" (put on retirement as Major General with supreme resolution from 28 February [1797].) (?)

 

 
 B81 Branovaczky, Johann von

Personal Information
Born: Leopoldova (Csenta) / Banat, 1754
Died: Mutnik / Banat, 31.08.1816


Promotions

Major: 01.12.1789
Oberstleutnant: 04.1794
Oberst: 15.01.1801
Generalmajor: 15.08.1808 (w.r.f. 10.09.1805)
Retired: 1809


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)



Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

MilSchem | ÖMKL 1, p.490f. | Wurzbach 2, p.116f. | WZ, 03.09.1808


Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


   

   
 B82 Breidbach zu Büresheim, Friedrich Freiherr von

Personal Information
Born: around 1730
Died: Vienna, 12.06.1797


Name Variants

also: Breitbach / Bürresheimb


Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant: 26.12.1764
Oberst: 01.05.1773
Generalmajor: 10.04.17831 (w.r.f. 26.02.1783)


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)


Printed Sources

Dedekind, DR11, pp. 664, 678 | MilSchem


Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


Notes
1) Dedekind, DR11, p.678: 08.04.1783 (?)

 

 
 B83 Brentano de Cimaroli, Joseph Anton
Brentano de Cimaroli, Joseph Anton Freiherr

Personal Information
Born: Genoa (Genova), 13.11.1741
Died: WIA Trier 1792 à Frankfurt-on-Main, 20.01.1793


Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 12.10.1785 (w.r.f. 11.10.1785)


Elevation of Social Status

Freiherr: 11.11.1785


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 19.12.1790
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°35: 04.08.1788 – 20.01.1793


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

Frank 1, p.126f. | Hirtenfeld 1, p.310f. | Kurzbiographien vom Mittelrhein und Moselland (= Landeskundliche Vierteljahresblätter, special issue 1967), Trier 1967, p.40 | May, IR35, pp.98, 101 | MilSchem | ÖMKL 1, p.502 | Rainer, IR35, pp.775f., 816 | Wrede 1, p.367 | Wurzbach 2, p.133f. and 23, p.365


Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale



 
 B84 Brentano de Cimaroli, Philipp
Brentano de Cimaroli, Philipp Freiherr

Personal Information
Born: 1754
Died: Vienna, 28.10.1804


Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 02.10.1799 (w.r.f. 26.11.1799)


Elevation of Social Status

Freiherr (by elevation of B83): 11.11.1785


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
Sardinia-Piedmont:
Order of St. Maurice and St. Lazarus – ?C: before 1796


Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)

In the 1792 campaign GM Freiherr Brentano de Cimaroli commanded a mixed brigade in Erbach's division of Clerfait's corps in Luxemburg. In mid-May, his brigade was deployed along the upper Rhine, between Strassburg and Basle. In early 1800 he commanded an infantry brigade in Morzin's division in northwestern Italy. He took part in the siege of Genoa (19 April – 4 June 1800) but did not fight at Marengo.


Printed Sources

MilSchem


Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Wikipedia [= http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lista_dei_generali_italiani_(1800-1815) ].- Download: 19.08.2008

 

 
 B85 Bretschneider, Friedrich Wilhelm
Bretschneider, Friedrich Wilhelm Freiherr von

Personal Information
Born: Usingen / Nassau, 17701
Died: Milan (Milano) / Lombardy, 03.06.18462


Family Status

Married: Thekla von Kaczonówska


Promotions

Major: 01.05.18013
Oberstleutnant: 17.06.1807
Oberst: 12.07.1809
Generalmajor: 30.04.1815
Feldmarschalleutnant: 24.08.18304


Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Fortress Commandant of Piacenza: 1836-1837
Commandant of Milan: 1837 – 03.06.1846


Elevation of Social Status

Freiherr: 25.09.1843


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 1815
Order of Leopold – KC: 1821
2nd Colonel-Proprietor of the Hussar Regiment N°10: 17.09.1831 – 03.06.1846


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
Lucca:
Order of St. George 1st cl.: 1841
Naples-Sicily:
Military Order of St. George and of the Reunion – GC: 1827 (?)
Poland (Russia):
Order of the White Eagle: 1846
Russia:
Order of St. Anne 1st cl.
Sardinia-Piedmont:
Order of St. Maurice and St. Lazarus – GC


Printed Sources

ADB 3, p.318 | Amon, HR10, p.301f., 312ff. | Frank 1, p.127 | Hirtenfeld 2, p.1249ff. | Kneschke 2, p.65 | MilSchem | ÖBL 1, p.113 | ÖMKL 1, p.509ff. | Riedl, UR3, p.248 | Wrede 3, p.287 | Wurzbach 2, p.139f. | WZ, 04.07.1807, 08.05.1815


Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


Notes
1) Amon, HR10, p.312 / Hirtenfeld: 1771 (?)
2) Amon, HR10, p.312 / MilSchem, year 1847, p.597: 02.06.1846 (?) / Schmidt-Brentano: 02.06.1845 (?)
3) Amon, HR10, p.313: 01.03.1801 (?) / Riedl, UR3, p.248: 28.03.1801 (?)
4) Amon, HR10, p.316: 04.1830 (?)

 

 
 B86 Bretzenheim von Regecz, Karl August
Bretzenheim von Regecz, Karl August Graf
Bretzenheim von Regecz, Karl August Fürst

Personal Information
Born: 24.10.17691
Died: Vienna, 27.02.1823


Family Status

Married: 1788 Maria Walburga Prinzessin von Oettingen-Spielberg (1766-1833)


Promotions
Bavaria:
Generalmajor:
Into Austrian service:
Generalmajor: 01.08.1800 (w.r.f. 29.07.1800)
Quit: 1810


Elevation of Social Status

Graf: 1774
Fürst: 19.12.17892


Order of Chivalry

Knight of the Order of Malta


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)


Printed Sources

Frank 1, p.127 | MD 1, p.124 | MilSchem (w/o date of death) | NDB 11, p.253


Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
Marek (http://genealogy.euweb.cz/wittel/wittel5.html)


Notes
1) Marek: 24.12.1768 (?)
2) Marek: 1801 (?)

 

 
 B87 Briey de Landres, August Graf

Personal Information
Born: Castle Ruette / Austrian Netherlands, 18.02.1749
Died: Linz / Upper Austria, 15.02.1806


Name Variants

(French) Auguste-François de Landres, Comte de Briey


Family Status

Unmarried


Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 01.03.1797 (w.r.f. 14.04.1797)


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

I.R. Chamberlain: 1791


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)


Printed Sources

Guillaume, pp.156 (wrong: Knight of the MMTO), 289, 383 | MilSchem | Petiot, p.95 | Pickl, p.217


Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 
 B88 Brigido, Wenzel Karl Freiherr von

Personal Information
Born: Triest, 29.08.1737 (10.01.1740 ?)
Died: Ferrara / Cisalpine Republic, 08.1800


Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 02.10.1799 (w.r.f. 17.10.1799)


Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Fortress Commandant of Palmanuova: 1799

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)


Printed Sources

Leitner 2, p.49f. | MilSchem
| Svoboda I, col.4f.

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 
 B89 Brixen, Karl Anton von

Personal Information
Born: Pavia / Lombardy, 09.12.1755
Died: Vienna, 07.03.1803


Promotions
Major:
Into Cologne service: 1793
Oberstleutnant: 1793
Oberst: 1795
Into Austrian service: 15.05.1797
Oberst: 15.05.17971
Generalmajor: 29.10.1800 (w.r.f. 12.12.1800)


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)


Printed Sources

Amon, IR4, pp.330, 370 | MD 1, p.126 (wrong: d. 04.03.1803) | MilSchem | ÖMKL 1, p.518 | Wurzbach 2, p.146


Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


Notes
1) Date of the supreme Imperial resolution (Amon, IR4, p.330)

 

 
 B90 Brodanovich, Sebastian
Brodanovich von Ussitzka-Caminiza, Sebastian

Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: Mitrovic / Syrmia, 15.09.1822


Name Variants

also: Prodanovich


Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 02.10.1799 (w.r.f. 01.10.1799)
Feldmarschalleutnant (title a.h.): 14.07.1807
Retired: 14.07.1807


Elevation of Social Status

Plain nobility: 10.03.1759 (with predicate: "von Ussitzka-Caminiza")


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)



Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

Frank 1, p.130 | Milleker, p.94 | MilSchem | WZ, 04.07.1807, 15.08.1807


Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 
 B91 Bronza, Peter

Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: Venice (Venezia) / Venetia, 06.12.1821


Name Variants

(Italian) Pietro Bronza


Promotions
Italy (France):
General of Brigade
Into Austrian service: 1815
Generalmajor: 1815
Retired: 1815


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)



Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

MilSchem


Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Wikipedia [= http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lista_dei_generali_italiani_(1800-1815) ].- Download: 19.08.2008


  
 B92 Browne, (Johann) Georg Graf von

Personal Information
Born: Moscow (Moskva) / Russia, 18.02.1742
Died: Vienna, 14.10.1794


Promotions

Major: 01.1767
Oberstleutnant: –
Oberst: 01.03.1769
Generalmajor: 25.04.1775
Feldmarschalleutnant: 26.06.1786
Feldzeugmeister: 19.10.1789


Field Service (1792-1815)

Commander of the Army of the Rhine: 01.1794 – 03.1794


Elevation of Social Status

Graf: 26.10.1773


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – CC: 09.10.1789
2nd Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°2: 01.05.1773 – 14.10.1794
I.R. Privy Councillor: 1794
I.R. Chamberlain


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources
Blažekovič, IR31, I, p.103 – II, p.376f. (wrong: b. 1741)
| Duffy, pp.350, 367f. (wrong: b. 1741) | Hirtenfeld 1, p.250f. | Megerle, p.132 | MilSchem | ÖMKL 1, p.523 | Wrede 1, p.126 | Wrede (6), p.29 | Wurzbach 2, p.164f.

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 
 B93 Browne, Freiherr von Camus und Monte Annio, Philipp Georg Graf von

Personal Information
Born: Novara / Piedmont, 02.06.1727
Died: Bohemia, 19.12.1803


Family Status

Married: 1777 Maria Anna Gräfin Sztáray de Nagymihály et Sztára
Brother-in-law of S160 (Sztáray)


Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst: 1755
Generalmajor: 27.05.1758
Feldmarschalleutnant: 25.01.1767 (w.r.f. 18.10.1765)


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)


Printed Sources

Duffy, pp.349f., 367 | MilSchem | ÖMKL 1, p.522 | Schmidhofer, p.178 | Wurzbach 2, p.164


Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 
 
 B94 Brudern (Broudre), Joseph
Brudern (Broudre), Joseph Freiherr von

Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: Preßburg (Pozsony, Bratislava) / Hungary, 20.03.1806


Family Status

Married: Antonie Freiin Haller von Hallerkeö


Promotions

Major: – (?)1
Oberstleutnant: 19.09.17691
Oberst: 01.05.1774
Generalmajor: 09.04.17832 (w.r.f. 04.02.1783)


Elevation of Social Status

Freiherr: 11.02.1771


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)


Printed Sources

Amon, DR9, pp.155f., 160, 387, 389 | Frank 1, p.133 | Kneschke 2, p.94 | MilSchem


Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


Notes
1) According to Amon (DR9, p.155) Brudern was promoted directly from Rttm to Obstlt.
2) Amon, DR9, p.160: 19.04.1783 (?)

 

 
 B95 Brunner von Hirsch(en)brunn, Karl Rudolf

Personal Information
Born: around 1736
Died: Brünn (Brno) / Moravia, 14.02.1800


Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 09.10.1787 (w.r.f. 04.10.1787)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 29.12.1793 (w.r.f. 29.11.1793)


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)


Printed Sources

Hubka, IR22, p.111 | MilSchem


Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale



 
 B96 Brzezina, Mathias
Brzezina von Birkenthal(l), Mathias

Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: 19.03.1816


Name Variants

also: Brzezyna


Promotions

Major: 1788
Oberstleutnant: 1802
Oberst: 1804
Generalmajor (title): 19.07.1808
Retired: 19.07.1808


Elevation of Social Status

Plain nobility: 23.05.1778 (with predicate: "von Birkenthall")


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)


Printed Sources

Blasek/Rieger 1/I, p.486 | Frank 1, p.136 | MilSchem | WZ, 03.08.1808


Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale



 
 B97 Bubna von Littitz, Ferdinand Graf

Personal Information
Born: Zamersk (Zamrsk) / Bohemia, 26.11.1768
Died: Milan (Milano) / Lombardy, 06.06.1825


Promotions

Major: 28.05.1797
Oberstleutnant: 21.09.1800
Oberst: 01.03.1801
Generalmajor: 09.03.1805 (w.r.f. 02.10.1805)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 10.09.1809


Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Chief of the Military Department of the Aulic War Council: 18.03.1805 – 1807
Inspector of the Remount Branch: 01.11.1807 – 12.1812
Special envoy at Paris and Dresden (to Napoleon): 31.12.1812 – 27.03.1813 / 16.05.1813 – 12.08.1813
Governor-General in Piedmont, Savoy and Nice: 1814-1815
Commanding General ad interim in the Lombardy: 10.1815 – 10.10.1818
Commanding General in the Lombardy: 10.10.1818 – 06.06.1825


Field Service (1792-1815)

Commander of the Corps Bubna (= 1st Light Division): 01.-04.1814
Commander of the combined Corps (Army of Italy): 06.-07.1814
Commander of the 1st Army Corps (Army of Italy): 07.-10.1815
Commander of the Corps Bubna (= left column of the Army of Italy): 04.-07.1815


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 20.10.1813
Order of Leopold – CC: 1813 / GC: 1821
I.R. Privy Councillor: 09.(12?).02.1816
I.R. Chamberlain: 1801


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
Parma:
Constantinian Order of St. George – GC: 1817
Prussia:
Order of the Red Eagle – 1st class: (18.10.)1813 / w.d.: 1821
Russia:
Order of St. Alexander Nevskij: 1821(22?)
Order of St. Anne – 1st cl.: 1813
Sardinia-Piedmont:
Order of the Annunziata: 1820
Order of St. Maurice and St. Lazarus – GC: ~1815


Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)

Born in 1768 in poor circumstances in Zamersk (Bohemia) he entered Austrian military service 1784 as a cadet in the Infantry Regiment N°57. After changing to the Infantry Regiment N°34 he fought in the war against the Turks in 1788/89. He was several times distinguished in action and was promoted to Fähnrich at the siege of Belgrade.
The Colonel-Poroprietor of his regiment (IR N°34), FML Anton Fürst Esterházy, and General Joseph Graf Kinsky recognized his talents and helped his career. On 16 May 1789, he was promoted to Unterleutnant, then to Oberleutnant in Kinsky's Dragoon Regiment N°7. In 1792 he fought under Prince Johannes von Liechtenstein. In 1794 Bubna received his promotion to Captain and in the following year he distinguished himself at the siege of Mannheim (19 October – 22. November 1795). In 1796 Bubna was again distinguished during Archduke Charles' retreat from the Rhine to the Danube where he commanded the Austrian rearguard and held Dessaix's (?) pursuit in check at Neumarkt on 22 August 1799. He was then appointed Flügeladjutant to Archduke Charles. He was distinguished at the siege of Mainz and was then appointed Flügeladjutant to FZM Kray. In 1800, he was promoted to Oberstleutnant and appointed Generaladjutant to Archduke Charles. In 1801 he was promoted to Oberst and transferred to work in the War Ministry. Shortly after promotion to Generalmajor in March 1805 he was appointed chairman of the Military Departement in the Aulic War Council in Vienna. GM Bubna was proposed as chief of staff for the 2nd Russian Army, which did not arrive before the catastrophy of Austerlitz. Nevertheless he fought (and was distinguished) at Austerlitz as a volunteer commander.
In 1806, he commanded a cavalry brigade in Bohemia. In 1807 he was appointed Hofkriegsrat and took over the responsibility for the remount service. On 10 September 1809, he was promoted to FML.
In early 1813 he negotiated with Napoleon in Paris and then in Dresden, thence he commanded the 2nd Light Division. He fought at Leipzig and took Paunsdorf on 18 October. On 20 October he was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Military Maria Theresian Order. He fought at Hochheim on 9 November and was then transferred to the Swiss front, where he took Geneva.
In 1814, he commanded the 1st Light Division, which advanced on Lyon. From 16-20 March, he defeated GdD Count Claude-Marie-Joseph Pannetier's troops around Limonest. After the fall of Paris he was made Governor of Piedmont, Savoy and Nice and Austrian ambassador to the Piedmontese court in Turin.
In the campaign of 1815 Count Bubna commanded the II Corps in Italy; on 28 June, he clashed successfully with the French at Conflans. In July he had further successes at Forts L'Ecluse and La Grotte. He was then Commanding General in Lombardy.
In 1821, he fought against the rebels in Piedmont.


Printed Sources

ADB 3, p.461 (wrong: d. 05.06.1825) | Hirtenfeld 2, p.1233ff. | MD 1, p.133 | MilSchem | NDB 2, p.695 | Nekrolog 1825/1, p.612ff. | ÖBL 1, p.122 | ÖMKL 1, p.552ff. | ÖMZ, year 1826, vol.2, p.119ff.: Nekrolog des kais. königl. Feldmarschall-Lieutenants Grafen Ferdinand von Bubna (= Ritter, p.675ff.) | Pickl, p.218 | Repertorium 3, p.276 | Ritter, p.675ff. (= ÖMZ, year 1826, vol.2, p.119ff.) | Sturm 1, p.159 | Wurzbach 2, p.183ff. | WZ, 25.11.1809, 20.02.1814, 21.02.1814, 20.02.1816 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, pp.18, 59, 133, 134


Internet Sources

Ebert (http://www.napoleon-online.de/AU_Generale/html/bubna.html) (wrong: d. 06.06.1826)
Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 
 B98 Buday, Adam Emanuel von

Personal Information
Born: around 1705
Died: Vienna, 24.09.1792


Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 26.07.1753


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)


Printed Sources

MilSchem


Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 
 
  
 B99 Bueren, Franz Freiherr von

Personal Information
Born: around 1732
Died: Vienna, 23.07.1797


Promotions

Major: 10.10.1785
Oberstleutnant: 01.01.1790
Oberst: 01.02.1793
Generalmajor: 04.03.1796 (w.r.f. ?)
Retired: 31.03.1796


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)


Printed Sources

Amon, DR9, pp.161, 168, 176, 188, 387, 389, 391 | MilSchem


Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 
 B100 Bürger, Anton Viktor
Bürger, Anton Viktor Ritter von

Personal Information
Born: Schönberg (Šumperk) / Moravia, 1740
Died: Baden / Lower Austria, 28.11.18001


Promotions

Major: 21.02.177?2
Oberstleutnant: 17.05.1788
Oberst: 02.02.1794
Generalmajor: 09.09.17963 (w.r.f. 06.06.1796)


Elevation of Social Status

Ritter: 20.11.17904


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)


Printed Sources
Buschek, IR23, I, pp.517, 529f., 574, 615, 817, 913 | Frank 1, p.140 | Kneschke 2, p.140 | MilSchem


Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


Notes
1) MilSchem, year 1801, p.277: 30.11.1800 (?)
2) Buschek (IR23, p.817) mentions only day and month. Bürger must have been promoted between 1774 and 1779.
3) Buschek, IR23, p.615 and 817: supreme resolution from 06.09.1796 (?)
4) Buschek, IR23, p.817: 03.01.1791 (?)

 

  
 B101 Buol zu Berenberg, (Joseph) Ignaz von
Buol zu Berenberg und Mühlingen, (Joseph) Ignaz Freiherr

Personal Information
Born: Stockach / Anterior Austria, 21.09.1749
Died: Prague (Praha) / Bohemia, 02.08.18171


Family Status

Married: Josefa Antonia Freiin von Widmann (1766-1816)


Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 01.09.1807 (w.r.f. 09.08.1805)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 29.01.1813 (w.r.f. 27.02.1813)


Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Military Commander in Upper Austria (Linz): 08.1814 – 01.1816
City and Fortress Commandant of Prague: 1816 – 02.08.1817


Field Service (1792-1815)

Commander of the Austrian forces at the battle of Innsbruck (at the Mount Isel), together with the Tyrolian militia under Andreas Hofer: 29.05.1809 (+)


Elevation of Social Status

Freiherr: 29.05.1795 (with predicate "von Mühlingen")


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

I.R. Chamberlain: 07.01.1808


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

Bodart, p.406 | Frank 1, p.142 | Granichstädten (ÖFA 2), p.25 | Granichstädten-Czerva, Rudolf von: Andreas Hofers alte Garde, Innsbruck 1932, p.204f. | Kneschke 2, p.150 | MilSchem | Pickl, p.219 | Sturm 1, p.169 | WZ, 18.11.1807, 09.01.1808, 01.04.1813 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, p.73


Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


Notes
1) Granichstädten-Czerva, Andreas Hofers ... Garde: 27.08.1817 (?)

 

  
 B102 Buress von Greiffenbach, Wenzel

Personal Information
Born: Cerhowitz (Cerhovice) / Bohemia, 1748
Died: Vienna, 17.03.1813


Name Variants

also: Buresch


Promotions

Major: 05.02.1797
Oberstleutnant: 26.06.1797
Oberst: 30.08.1800
Generalmajor: 02.04.1807 (w.r.f. 02.06.1805)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 25.08.1809
Retired: 1809


Elevation of Social Status

Plain nobility: 10.04.1749


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 24.05.1809


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)


Printed Sources

Doerr, p.235 | Hirtenfeld 2, p.977f. | MilSchem | ÖMKL 1, p.569f. | Sturm 1, p.170 | Wurzbach 2, p.212 | WZ, 25.11.1809, 08.05.1813


Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 
 B103 Burghausen, Otto Ludwig Konrad Graf von

Personal Information
Born: 12.04.1713
Died: Vienna, 31.05.1795


Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 01.05.1747
Feldmarschalleutnant: 22.06.1757 (w.r.f. 18.01.1756)


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)


Printed Sources

MilSchem


Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 

  
 B104 Bydeskuti von Ipp, Sigmund
Bydeskuti von Ipp, Sigmund Freiherr


Personal Information
Born: Komorn (Komárom) / Hungary, 1751
Died: WIA Cassano / Lombardy, 27.04.1799 à [place ?], 17.05.1799


Promotions

Major: 31.12.1789
Oberstleutnant: 02.1794
Oberst: 30.04.1797
Generalmajor: 18.05.1799 [posthumous] (w.r.f. 15.05.1799)


Elevation of Social Status

Freiherr: 16.05.1791


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 19.12.1790


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)


Printed Sources

Allmayer-Beck, p.75 | Frank 1, p.147 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.315f. | Kreipner, IR34, pp.215, 269, 324, 349, 783f. | MilSchem | ÖMKL 1, p.580f. | Wurzbach 2, p.222


Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


Placed on the Napoleon Series: March 2008, updated October 2008

 

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