Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics



  By Leopold Kudrna, with Biographical Essays by Digby Smith.



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Austrian Generals

1792-1815

C

Caballini to Czerwenka

 
 
 C1 Caballini von Ehrenburg, Johann Ritter

Dates of Life
Born: Novi / Dalmatia, 17521
Died: Kronstadt (Brassó) / Transylvania, 16.07.1807

Promotions
Major: 06.05.1790
Oberstleutnant: 24.03.1792
Oberst: 12.11.1793
Generalmajor: 26.11.1800 (w.r.f. 29.01.1801)
Retired: 05.1807

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
Blažekovič, IR31, I, pp.145, 162, 18 / II, p.379
| Gatti, IngAk, p.240 (wrong: Oberst in 1795) | MD 1, p.145 | MilSchem | ÖMKL 1, p.581f. (wrong: Major on 01.05.1790) | Wurzbach 2, p.223 | WZ, 04.07.1807, 15.08.1807

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes
1) Blažekovič, IR31, p.379: 1751 (?)

 

 C2 Callenberg, Karl Friedrich Reineke Graf von

Dates of Life
Born: Dresden / Saxony, 08.03.1727
Died: Vienna, 26.07.1800

Promotions
Major: –
Oberstleutnant: 19.08.1756
Oberst: 20.06.1757
Generalmajor: 28.03.17601
Feldmarschalleutnant: 24.08.1771 (w.r.f. 20.01.1767)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Order of St. Stephen – GC
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°54: 1769 – 26.07.1800
I.R. Privy Councillor
I.R. Chamberlain: 1779

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
Amon, IR4, pp.111, 122, 146 | MD 1, p.148 | Megerle, p.280 | MilSchem | ÖMKL 1, p.602f. | Pickl, p.238 | Wrede 1, p.493 | Wurzbach 2, p.241

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes
1) Amon, IR4, p.146: 08.04.1760 (?)

  

 C3 Cam(m)eller von Cam(m)ellern, Wenzel Joseph Ritter

Dates of Life
Born: around 1725
Died: Vienna, 09.02.1802

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 22.07.1782 (w.r.f. 16.07.1782)
Retired: 1795

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Fortress Commander (ad interim ?) of Valenciennes (Hennegau): 17??-1794

Field Service (1792-1815)
Commander of the Austrian defence forces of the fortress Valenciennes: 27.08.1794 (–)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
Bodart, p.296 | MilSchem

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 C4 Campagnola, Ludwig (Luigi)

Dates of Life
Born: 17??
Died: Mantua / Lombardy, 05.11.1837

Promotions
Italy (France):
General of Brigade
Into Austrian service: 1815
Generalmajor: 09.04.1815
Retired: 09.04.1815

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
Italy (France):
Order of the Iron Crown 2nd cl.

Printed Sources
MilSchem

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 C5 Candiani, Hieronymus von

Dates of Life
Born: 17??
Died: (Zara [Zadar] / Dalmatia ?), 22.05.1803

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant: 24.06.1794
Oberst: 05.05.1797
Generalmajor: 07.05.1800 (w.r.f. 08.06.1800)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
Blažekovič, IR31, I, pp.177, 214 | MilSchem

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 C6 Canisius, (Franz Walter) Anton von

Dates of Life
Born: 13.06.1744
Died: Nagy-Szöllös (n.l.) / Hungary, 25.01.1810

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 04.03.1796 (w.r.f. 08.04.1796)
Retired: 1800

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
MilSchem | WZ, 17.03.1810Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

   

 C7 Canto de Irles, Joseph Franz Graf

Dates of Life
Born: Vienna, 29.03.1726
Died
: Warasdin (Varaždin, Varasd) / Croatia, 10.04.1797

Name Variants
also: d’Yrlés

Family Status
Married: 1763 Sophie Charlotte Friederike Gräfin Zinzendorf und Pottendorf (1734-?)

Promotions
Major: 11.1768
Oberstleutnant: 10.1773
Oberst: 29.01.1779
Generalmajor: 26.06.1789 (w.r.f. 10.03.1789)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 09.03.1795

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Fortress Commander of Mantua: 1795 – 02.02.1797

Field Service (1792-1815)
Commander of the Austrian defence forces of the fortress Mantua: 04.06. – 01.08.1796 (+)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Military Maria Theresian Order – CC: 10.08.1796
I.R. Chamberlain: 1765

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)
Joseph Franz Graf von Canto de Irles was of Scottish descent. In 1745, he entered Infantry Regiment N°15 "Pallavicini", as a Fähnrich. He fought in the Seven Years War, at the battle of Prague (6 May 1757), and at Breslau (22 November 1757). The next year Canto de Irles was promoted to Captain. In 1762, he was distinguished in action at Teplitz. 1773 Count Canto de Irles was appointed Oberstleutnant and commander of a grenadier battalion. After the War of the Bavarian Succession (1778/79) during which he received his promotion to Oberst he fought with his regiment in the wars with the Turks (1787-92) and was distinguished in action at the pass of Rogatyn, in the Ukraine (April 1788). During the siege of Chocim (Poland) the Count received his promotion to Generalmajor. In August 1794 he was in Italy in FML Baron Wenkheim's division. After his promotion to FML Canto was appointed commandant of Mantua fortress. When Wurmser made his first attempt to lift the siege of the fortress in August 1796, Napoleon was forced to break off the operation for some days and abandoned his siege train in the batteries and trenches. Canto de Irles destroyed the siege works and took the siege train into Mantua. He also used the chance to gather in supplies and forage. The siege of the place was resumed and lasted until early 2 February 1797, when it surrendered to the French. The count's health was now ruined; a few weeks later he died in Warasdin on the River Drau in Croatia.

Printed Sources
Bodart, p.310 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.498ff. | Kneschke 2, p.214 | MD 1, p.152 (wrong: b. 1731) | MilSchem | ÖMKL 1, p.613f. | Pickl, p.236 | Wurzbach 2, p.268f. (wrong: b. 1731)

Internet Sources
Ebert (http://www.napoleon-online.de/AU_Generale/html/canto.html) (wrong: b. 1731)
Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

  

 C8 Cantu, Raimund (Raimondo) von

Dates of Life
Born: 17??
Died: Lombardy, 07.11.1795

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 29.12.1793 (w.r.f. 23.12.1793)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
MilSchem

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


  

 C9 Caprara, Aeneas Graf von

Dates of Life
Born: Bologna / Papal State, 17241
Died: Rome (Roma), 12.09.1793

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst: 15.03.1766
Generalmajor: 19.01.17712 (w.r.f. 26.09.1761)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 25.04.1775 (w.r.f. 25.08.1774)
Papal State:
Full General: 11.1792

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°48: 1773 – 12.09.1793

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
Buschek, IR23, I, pp.481, 814, 913 | MilSchem | ÖMKL 1, p.619 | Wrede 2, p.222

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes
1) Buschek, IR23, p.814: 1727 (?)
2) Buschek, IR23, pp.497, 814 and 913: 31.12.1770 (?)

 

 C10 Caramelli, Johann Karl Graf

Dates of Life
Born: 17??
Died: Vienna, 12.12.1823

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 09.03.1805 (w.r.f. 30.09.1805)
Retired: 01.02.1806

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
I.R. Chamberlain

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Printed Sources
MilSchem

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 C11 Carato, Karl (Emanuel) von
Carato, Karl (Emanuel) Freiherr von

Dates of Life
Born: 17??
Died: 23.05.1796

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 13.11.1778 (w.r.f. 14.10.1778)

Elevation of Social Status
Freiherr: 22.10.1787

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
Frank 1, p.158 | MilSchem

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 C12 Carneville, Franz Karl Adrian Graf Symon de

Dates of Life
Born: Normandy / France, around 1750
Died: France, 01.08.1816

Name Variants
(French) François-Charles-Adrian Vicomte Symon de Carneville

Family Status
Brother of C13

Promotions
France:
Colonel
Into Austrian service:
Oberstleutnant: 01.04.1793
Oberst: 07.1794
Generalmajor: 02.08.1801 (w.r.f. 23.07.1798)

Order of Chivalry
Knight of the Order of Malta

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
I.R. Chamberlain: 03./04.1815

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
France:
Military Order of St. Louis – ?C

Printed Sources
MilSchem | ÖMKL 1, p.629 | Pickl, p.242 | WZ, 23.04.1815

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 C13 Carneville, Georg Franz Graf Symon de

Dates of Life
Born: Bologne / Normandy / France, 16.06.1751
Died: France, 01.03.1837

Name Variants
(French) George-François Vicomte Symon de Carneville

Family Status
Brother of C12

Promotions
France:
[rank ?]
Into Austrian service:
Major:
Oberstleutnant: 06.1794
Oberst: 1798
Generalmajor: 22.07.1801 (w.r.f. 16.08.1801)
Retired: 1815
Quit: 20.02.1824
Into French service:
Marechal-de-Camp: 27.08.1814
Lieutenant General: 17.07.1816

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
France:
Military Order of St. Louis – KC: 1818

Printed Sources
MilSchem | ÖMKL 1, p.629

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 C14 Carpé von Carpenstein, Ludwig

Dates of Life
Born: 17??
Died: Bassano (n.l.), 13.06.1837

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 30.03.1813
Retired: 07.10.1815

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Printed Sources
MilSchem | WZ, 08.06.1813

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 C15 Caval(l)ar, Joseph von
Caval(l)ar, Joseph Freiherr von

Dates of Life
Born: 1739
Died: Waskowitz (n.l.) / Bukovina, 19.04.1812

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 12.1806 (w.r.f. 10.01.1803)
Feldmarschalleutnant (title): 12.11.1811
Retired: 12.11.1811

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Military Commander in Bukovina (Czernowitz): 1808 – 12.11.1811

Elevation of Social Status
Freiherr: 1799

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Order of St. Stephen – KC: 07.01.1808

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
Kneschke 2, p.244 | MilSchem | WZ, 09.01.1808, 24.06.1812 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, p.77

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

   

 C16 Cerrini de Monte Varchi, Joseph
Cerrini de Monte Varchi, Joseph Freiherr

Dates of Life
Born: Raab (Györ) / Hungary, 17441
Died: Olmütz (Olomouc) / Moravia, 27.11.1809

Family Status
Married: Isabella de Andrade

Promotions
Major: 15.12.1788
Oberstleutnant: 01.11.1790
Oberst: 04.12.1796
Generalmajor: 05.03.1801
Feldmarschalleutnant: 26.08.1809

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Fortress Vice-Commander of Olmütz: 1801-1809

Elevation of Social Status
Freiherr: 19.09.1789

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 15.11.1788

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
Blasek/Rieger 1/I, p.386 | Frank 1, p.170 | Gatti, IngAk, p.211f. | Hirtenfeld 1, p.240f. | Kneschke 2, p.248 | MilSchem | ÖMKL 1, p.672f. | Wurzbach 2, p.323f. | WZ, 25.11.1809

Internet Sources
Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes
1) Hirtenfeld / Schmidt-Brentano: b. 1743 (?)


  

 C17 Chasteler de Courcelles, (Johann) Gabriel Marquis

Dates of Life
Born: Castle Malbais near Mons (Bergen) / Austrian Netherlands, 22.01.1763
Died: Venice (Venezia) / Venetia, 07.05.18251

Name Variants
(French) Jean-Gabriel-Joseph-Albert Marquis du Chasteler de Courcelles

Promotions
Major: 22.12.1788
Oberstleutnant: 1792 (1791 ?)
Oberst: 11.1795
Generalmajor: 24.04.17972 (w.r.f. 01.06.1797)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 03.01.18013 (w.r.f. 10.01.1801)
Feldzeugmeister: 02.09.1813

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Military Commander in the Tyrol and Vorarlberg (Innsbruck): 09.-10.1805
Military Commander in Silesia (Troppau): 01.1811 – 07.1813
Governor of the fortress of Theresienstadt: 1813-1814
City and Fortress Commander of Venice: 12.1814 – 07.05.1825

Field Service (1792-1815)
Chief of the (Quartermaster) General Staff of the Army of Inner Austria: 04.1797 – 01.1798
Chief of the (Quartermaster) General Staff of the Army of Italy: 03.-07.1799
Commander of the 8th Army Corps: 02.-04.1809 / 05.-11.1809
Commander of the Austrian forces at the combat of Wörgl: 13.05.1809 (–)
Commander of the 4th Army Corps: 11.-12.1813

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 19.12.1790 / CC: 15.05.1799
Order of Leopold – CC: 07.01.1809
Tyrolian Grand Medal for bravery: 1800
Colonel-Proprietor of the Tiroler Jäger-Regiment N°64 / (since 1806:) Jäger-Regiment N°64: 02.1802 – 01.09.1808 (disbanded)
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°46: 1808-1809 (disbanded)
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°27: 1809 – 07.05.1825
I.R. Privy Councillor: 1816
I.R. Chamberlain: 1791

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
Sardinia-Piedmont:
Order of St. Maurice and St. Lazarus – GC: 1814

Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)
Jean-Gabriel-Joseph-Albert Marquis du Chasteler de Courcelles entered Austrian military service in 1776 as a cadet in Infantry Regiment N°3 "Prinz Karl von Lothringen", then entered the Ingenieur-Akademie in Vienna. He fought in the wars against the Turks from 1787-90 and won the Military Maria Theresian Order (KC) as major on 21 July 1789 in the battle of Focsani, in Rumania. His right leg was smashed by a canister ball during the siege of the fortress of Chocim in Poland. He was promoted to Oberstleutnant at the end of the war and appointed Oberleutnant in the Arcieren-Leibgarde in Belgium and included in the Chamber. In 1792, Chasteler was again in the engineers, initially to lead the refurbishment of the ruined fortress of Namur. In 1794, he took part in the successful siege of Landrecies (21-30 April) under FM Prinz Friedrich Josias von Sachsen-Coburg-Saalfeld. In 1795, under FM Graf von Clairfayt, he was directly responsible for the relief of the beleaguered fortress of Mainz, in September and October of that year. For this he was promoted to Oberst in the General Quartermaster Staff. Two years later, he received his promotion to Generalmajor. In 1799 he was Quartermaster General of the Austro-Russian army in northern Italy and was awarded the Commander's Cross of the Military Maria Theresian Order for his services in that campaign. The count was also responsible for Macdonald's defeat in the three-day battle of the Trebbia River (7-20 June 1799) and was seriously wounded in the successful siege of Alessandria (22 June-22 July 1799). In 1800, Chasteler was posted to the main Austrian army in Swabia as Deputy Quartermaster General (Chief of Staff), possibly at the special request of FZM Kray. They fought in the battles of Engen and Mösskirch, on 3 and 5 May resp. After Kray's removal from command, Chasteler led a brigade in the Tyrol. On 10 January 1801 Chasteler was promoted to FML and the next year he was made proproprietor of the (Tiroler) Jäger Regiment N°64, which was disbanded in 1808.
In 1805 he again organized the defence of the Tyrol, whose fortifications he had designed and had built in the intervening years. He commanded a division under FML Albert Graf Gyulai in the VIII Corps. On 2 and 3 November 1805, he successfully defended the Strub Pass (on the border between Salzburg and the Tyrol, today on the B312) against Deroy's Bavarian division, thus securing the withdrawal of Archduke Johann's army eastwards out of the Tyrol. Conducting a fighting withdrawal against heavy odds, he then joined up with Archduke Johann's troops in Gonowitz on 26 November. He was now given command of the Avantgarde of the united Austrian troops under Archduke Carl's command. In 1808 Chasteler began the rebuilding of the fortifications of Komorn in Hungary. In the same year, he became poproprietor of Infantry Regiment N°46.
In 1809 Chasteler was now commander of the VIII Corps and was charged with the assisting the liberation of the Tyrol from Bavarian rule. He led his small corps into the province on 9 April to help the uprising of the peasants under Andreas Hofer but was decisively defeated by Marshal Lefebvre's superior Franco-Bavarian force at the towns of Söll, Wörgl and Rattenberg (in the Inn valley) on 13 May. The Tyrolean revolt was crushed. His regiment (N°46) was disbanded at the end of the campaign.
At the beginning of 1813, he refurbished the fortifications of Prague, then took command of a division in the Army of Bohemia. He fought at Dresden and Kulm. After Leipzig, he assumed command of IV Corps from GdK Graf Klenau and laid siege to Gouvion St-Cyr in Dresden, which city capitulated on 11 November. After his promotion to Feldzeugmeister Chasteler was appointed governor of Venice, where he died in 1825.

Printed Sources
ADB 4, p.110ff. | Blasek/Rieger 1/I, p.397 (wrong: Major in 1789) | Bodart, p.403 | BU 8, p.6f. | Englebert N°13 | Gatti, IngAk, p.315f. | Granichstaedten-Czerva, Rudolf von: Andreas Hofers alte Garde, Innsbruck 1932, p.200ff. | Guillaume, p.209f. | Hirtenfeld 1, p.545ff. | Hollins, p.45f. | MD 1, p.169 (wrong: d. 10.03.1825) | MilSchem | Nekrolog 1825/1, p.528ff. (wrong: d. 10.03.1825) | ÖBL 1, p.141 | ÖMKL 1, p.683ff. | Pickl, p.239 (wrong: "Charter" instead of Chasteler) | ÖMZ 1827, vol.1, p.68ff.: Nekrolog des kaiserlich-östreichischen Feldzeugmeisters Johann Gabriel Marquis von Chasteler de Courcelles | Ritter, p.444ff. | Wrede 1, p.306 | Wrede 2, p.251 | Wurzbach 2, p.331ff. | WZ, 03.09.1808, 11.01.1809, 10.11.1813, 26.05.1815 | Zivkovic, Generalität, p.39 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, pp.72, 74, 109, 130-132 | Regele, p.30

Internet Sources
Ebert (http://www.napoleon-online.de/AU_Generale/html/chasteler.html)
Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes
1) MilSchem (year 1826, p.469) / Ebert / Schmidt-Brentano: d. 10.05.1825 (?)
2) ÖMZ: 03.04.1797 (?)
3) ÖMZ: 01.01.1801 (?)

 

 C18
Chiesa, Franz Graf von

Dates of Life
Born: Vitry-le-François / Champagne / France, 1755
Died: Brünn (Brno) / Moravia, 27.12.1834

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant: 30.10.(01.11.)1807
Oberst: 10.(11.)04.1809
Generalmajor: 26.07.1813
Feldmarschalleutnant: 08.06.1834

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Fortress Commander of Theresienstadt: 18?? – 27.12.1834

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
France:
Military Order of St. Louis – KC: 1818
Russia:
Order of St. George 4th cl.: 16.11.[04.11.]1813
Saxony:
Order of Civil Merit – GC: 1820

Printed Sources
Buschek, IR23, I, pp.726, 742, 783, 819f., 913 | MilSchem | WZ, 31.07.1813, 14.10.1813, 19.02.1814

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
Vederman

  

 C19
Civalart d’Happoncourt, Karl Leopold
Civalart d’Happoncourt, Karl Leopold Freiherr
Civalart d’Happoncourt, Karl Leopold Graf

Dates of Life
Born: Neufchâteau / Lorraine / France, 23.11.1766
Died: Baden / Lower Austria, 12.08.1865

Name Variants
(French) Charles-Léopold-Eugène Comte de Civalart d’Happoncourt
wrong: Happancourt

Family Status
Son of C20
Unmarried

Promotions
Major: 28.05.1799
Oberstleutnant: 12.04.1800
Oberst: 13.11.18001
Generalmajor: 23.06.1808 (w.r.f. 11.08.1805)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 13.07.18122 (w.r.f. 16.11.1809)
General der Kavallerie: 11.01.18303
Retired: 02.02.1851

Elevation of Social Status
Freiherr (by elevation of C20): 1780
Graf (by elevation of C20): 06.08.1783

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Adlatus of the Commanding General in Hungary: 24.12.1829 – 03.1831
Captain of the Trabanten Life Guard and the Hofburgwache: 09.03.18314 – 02.1851

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 28.05.1806
Order of Leopold – GC: 02.1851
2nd Colonel-Proprietor of the Uhlan Regiment N°1: 16.10.1815 – 29.01.1844
Colonel-Proprietor of the Uhlan Regiment N°1: 29.01.1844 – 12.08.1865
I.R. Privy Councillor: 14.04.18315
I.R. Chamberlain: 16.09.18146

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
Prussia:
Order of the Red Eagle 1st cl.: 18137

Printed Sources
Hirtenfeld 2, p.770ff. | Leitner 2, p.124f. | MD 7, p.45 | MilSchem | MZ, year 1855, N°41 (from 05.04.1855), p.247 (wrong: d. 02.04.1855) and N°42 (from 07.04.1855), p.252 (Correction of N°41) | ÖMKL 1, p.703f. | Petiot, p.122 (wrong: 2nd ColPropr 1st UhlReg on 07.10.1814) | Pickl, p.241 (wrong: "C. v. Gropponcourt") | Wrede 3, p.320 | Wrede (6), p.66 | Wurzbach 2, p.375f. and 14, p.420 | WZ, 09.07.1808, 05.09.1812, 21.02.1814 | Zivkovic, Generalität, p.40 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, p.45

Internet Sources
Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes
1) Petiot: 15.11.1800 (?) / MZ: 12.1800 (?)
2) Petiot and MZ: 18.07.1812 (?)
3) Petiot: 15.01.1830 (?)
4) Petiot: 09.05.1831 (?)
5) MZ, N°41: 03.1831 (?)
6) Petiot: 16.10.1815 (?)
7) ÖMKL: 30.05.1814 (?)

  

  C20 Civalart d’Happoncourt, Ludwig Franz
Civalart d’Happoncourt, Ludwig Franz Freiherr
Civalart d’Happoncourt, Ludwig Franz Graf

Dates of Life
Born: Moncel-Happoncourt / Lorraine / France, 09.04.1733
Died: 03.03.18051

Family Status
Father of C19
Married: 1765 Marie-Jeanne-Françoise de Sainte-Marie

Name Variants
(French) Louis-François Comte de Civalart d’Happoncourt
wrong: Happancourt

Promotions
Major: 1767
Oberstleutnant: 1773
Oberst: 01.05.1779
Generalmajor: 12.04.1789 (w.r.f. 09.04.1789)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 25.01.1801 (w.r.f. 26.01.1801)

Elevation of Social Status
Freiherr: 1780
Graf: 06.08.1783

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Fortress Commander of Tournai: 1790-1793 (?)
Fortress Commander of Namur: 1793-1794

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
MilSchem | Petiot, p.122f.

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes
1) MilSchem, year 1805, p.370: d. 01.03.1805 (?)

  

 C21
Clam, Johann Joseph Albert Graf von

Dates of Life
Born: 1732
Died: Dobromielitz (Dobromilice) / Moravia, 16.05.1822

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 11.04.1788 (w.r.f. 06.04.1788)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
I.R. Chamberlain

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Printed Sources
Milleker, p.93 | MilSchem

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 C22
Clary und Aldringen, Joseph Graf von

Dates of Life
Born: 17.03.1734
Died: Neutra (Nitra, Nyitra) / Hungary, 14.04.18111

Promotions
Major: 06.03.17932
Oberstleutnant: 10.03.1797
Oberst: 01.04.1800
Generalmajor: 01.01.1807 (w.r.f. 02.05.1805)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 25.09.1809

Order of Chivalry
Knight of the Order of Malta (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
MilSchem | Tomaschek, DR 8, pp.255, 270, 280, 291, 692, 709 (wrong: GM on 28.02.1806)

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes
1) Schmidt-Brentano: 15.04.1811 (?)
2) Tomaschek, DR8, p.709: 21.03.1793 (?)

 

 C23
Clauwetz de Briant, Karl Albert Graf

Dates of Life
Born: around 1742
Died: Vienna, 06.07.1810

Name Variants
(French) Charles-Albert Comte de Clauwetz-Briant
also: Clauwez de Brien

Family Status
Brother of C24

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst: 27.05.17971
Generalmajor: 24.07.18002 (w.r.f. 21.07.1800)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
Blažekovič, IR31, I, pp.214, 247 / II, p.381 (partly mixed up with his brother = N°166)
| Guillaume, p.179 | MilSchem | ÖMKL 1, p.710 | WZ, 15.08.1810

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes
1
) Date of the army field order (Blažekovič, IR31, p.214)
2) Blažekovič, IR31, p.381: "... retired on 15.06.1800 with title of major general" (?)

 

 C24
Clauwetz de Briant, Karl Joseph Graf

Dates of Life
Born: "Malet" (?) / Austrian Netherlands (?), 1750
Died: Vienna, 14.12.1818

Name Variants
(French) Charles-Joseph Comte de Clauwetz-Briant

Family Status
Brother of C23

Promotions
Major: 02.10.1790
Oberstleutnant: 06.1794
Oberst: 02.1800
Generalmajor: 01.09.1805 (w.r.f. 10.02.1804)
Retired: 01.02.1806

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Printed Sources
MilSchem | ÖMKL 1, p.709f. | Wurzbach 2, p.383f.

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

  

 C25
Clement, Johann Joseph von

Dates of Life
Born: Thuillières / Lorraine, 13.12.1739
Died: Bremen (German Free City), 01.02.1808

Name Variants
(French) Jean-Joseph de Clément

Family Status
Married: 1767 Henriette Freiin von Vrints zu Treuenfels (1763-1854)

Promotions
Major: 12.01.1788
Oberstleutnant: 23.12.1788
Oberst: 23.12.1799
Generalmajor (a.h.): 01.02.1807 (w.r.f. 25.05.1805)
Retired: 01.02.1807

Change of Social Status
After 1765 named himself "Baron" Clement (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
MilSchem | Petiot, p.123f. | WZ, 09.03.1808

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 C26
Clerfayt de Croix, (Franz Sebastian) Karl Joseph Graf

Dates of Life
Born: Castle Bruille near Binche / Hennegau / Austrian Netherlands, 14.10.1733
Died: Vienna, 21.07.1798

Name Variants
(French) François-Sébastien-Charles-Joseph de Croix de Drumez Comte de Clerfayt

Promotions
Major: 1759
Oberstleutnant: 1761
Oberst: 05.03.1763
Generalmajor: 01.05.1773 (w.r.f. 18.08.1765)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 10.04.1783 (w.r.f. 14.04.1783)
Feldzeugmeister: 10.11.1788 (w.r.f. 04.11.1788)
Feldmarschall: 22.04.1795
Holy Roman Empire:
Reichs-Generalfeldzeugmeister: 08.04.17931

Field Service (1792-1815)
Commander of the (autonomous) Corps Clerfayt: 07.-10.1792
Interim Commander of the Army of the Netherlands: 11.1792 – 02.1793
Commander of the allied forces during the siege of Le Quesnoy: 28.08. – 13.09.1793 (+)
Commander of the allied forces at the battle of Mouscron (Moescroen): 28./29.04.1794 (–)
Commander of the Army of the Netherlands: 08.1794 – 04.1795
Commander of the allied forces at the battle of Courtray: 11.05.1794 (–)
Commander of the allied forces at the battle of Roulers (Rousselaere): 10.06.1794 (–)
Commander of the allied forces at the battle of Hooglède: 13.06.1794 (–)
Commander of the Austrian forces at the battle of Aldenhoven (an der Roer): 02.10.1794 (–)
Commander of the Army of the Rhine: 04.1795 – 08.1795
Commander of the Army of the Lower Rhine: 08.1795 – 02.1796
Commander of the Austrian forces at the battle of Höchst: 11./12.10.1795 (+)
Commander of the Austrian forces at the battle of Mainz: 29.10.1795 (+)
Commander of the Austrian forces at the battle of Pfeddersheim: 10.11.1795 (+)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Order of the Golden Fleece: 1798
Military Maria Theresian Order – CC: 09.10.1789 / GC: 19.12.1790
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°9: 1775 – 21.07.1798
I.R. Privy Councillor
I.R. Chamberlain: 1762

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)
Karl Joseph Graf Clerfayt de Croix joined the Austrian army in 1753. He fought with repeated distinction during the Seven Years War, particularly at the battles of Prague (6 May 1757), Hochkirch (14 October 1758) and Liegnitz on 15 August 1760. At the end of the war, he was a colonel at only 30 years of age. In 1773 he was promoted to Generalmajor and two years later, in 1775, received the proprietorship of the Infantry Regiment N°9, which office he held until his death. In 1783 Clarfayt was promoted to Feldmarschalleutnant. When Belgian separatists rose up in 1787/88, he resisted their repeated calls to join the rebellion, remaining true to the Emperor. During the wars against the Turks (1787-92) he was promoted to Feldzeugmeister (1788), in recognition of his victories at Mehadia and on 27 July 1788, at Calafat on the Danube. Shortly in succession he was awarded the Commander's Cross (1789) and Grand Cross (1790) of the Military Maria Theresian Order.
In April 1792, Clerfayt was given command of the Austrian army, which was to operate on the Rhine with the Duke of Brunswick's Prussians against the French. On 11 June of that year, Clerfayt's troops inflicted the first defeat on the French under GdD Jean-Baptiste Gouvion at La Grisuelle. Gouvion was killed in this action. Clerfayt then took the fortresses of Longwy (on 23 August) and Verdun (2 September); he then covered Brunswick's retreat from Valmy (20 September 1792), back to the Rhine. The count was then ordered to move north, into Belgium, to join the country's governor, Albert Herzog von Sachsen-Teschen. He set off on 7 October, reaching Mons on 31 of that month. At Jemappes (6 November 1792) Clairfayt commanded the Austrian centre in their defeat. The Austrians fell back east to Roermond; Clerfayt took over command, when the Duke Albrecht fell ill. He was forced to continue the withdrawal to Köln, as FML Beaulieu's corps had become cut off from his own and had been forced to fall back south into Luxemburg. In the spring of 1793, overall command of Austrian forces opposite the Netherlands was given to FM Friedrich Josias von Sachsen-Coburg; Clerfayt retained command of the major part of the line of battle troops. He surprised the French at Aldenhofen on 1 March and decided the battle of Neerwinden on 18 March. He also commanded one of the assault columns at the battle of Caesar's Camp on 7 August. He then successfully laid siege to the fortress of Le Quesnoy (28 August – 13 September 1793). The Austrians now laid siege to Maubeuge, the last fortress between them and Paris. French General Lazarre Carnot rushed an army together under the levée en masse legislation, to save Maubeuge. On 15 October, Jourdan led this army against Clerfayt's Observation Corps at Wattignies; it was easily beaten off. But next day, Jourdan threw overwhelming forces on the Austrian left wing and Clerfayt was forced to retreat to the Sambre. Maubeuge was saved.
In spring 1794, FZM Clerfayit commanded the Austrian right wing in Flanders and successfully beat off all French assaults, until his defeat at Pichegru's hands at Courtray on 11 May. The main Austrian army was now defeated on 26 June; the Prinz of Sachsen-Coburg was dismissed; Clerfayt took his place, but the strategic situation was now such, that all he could do was to conduct a fighting withdrawal eastwards to Köln, and over the Rhine, which was reached on 2 October.
Together with his promotion to Field Marshal Clerfayt was appointed commander of the Austrian army on the Middle and Upper Rhine against General Jourdan, and beat GdD Schaal in the battle of Mainz on 29 October. On 21 December 1795, he concluded an armistice with the French and returned to Vienna. Here, he fell foul of intrigues. His conclusion of the armistice was heavily criticised and he was removed from command. Shortly before his death in 1798 the count was installed as a knight in the Order of the Golden Fleece.

Printed Sources
Bodart, pp.279, 287, 288, 292, 298, 305, 306 | BU 8, p.433f. | Englebert N°14 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.284ff. | Lorette, Jean: Le Feldmaréchal Comte de Clerfayt (1733-1798). In: Carnet de la Fourragère N°6 (June 1953) and N°7 (Sept. 1953) | MD 7, p.46 | Megerle, p.282f. | MilSchem | Neuhaus, p.342 | ÖMKL 1, p.710ff. | Pickl, p.236 | Reilly, Feldherren, p.417ff. | Schmedes, IR28, p.296 | Vivenot, Alfred von: Thugut, Clerfayt und Wurmser. Original-Documente aus dem k.k. Haus-, Hof- und Staats-Archiv und dem k.k. Kriegs-Archiv in Wien vom Juli 1794 bis Februar 1797, Vienna 1969, p.LXXXIff. and passim | Wrede 1, p.174 | Wrede (6), p.29 | Wurzbach 2, p.384ff. | Zivkovic, Generalität, pp.13, 36 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, p.127

Internet Sources
Boettger
Ebert (http://www.napoleon-online.de/AU_Generale/html/clerfayt.html)
Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes
1) date of the Imperial Kommissionsdekret

   

 C27
Collenbach, (Heinrich) Gabriel Joseph Freiherr von

Dates of Life
Born: Aachen (Free Imperial City), 05.07.1773
Died: Schloß Besanez (Bešanec) / Croatia, 23.02.1840

Promotions
Major: 10.10.1804
Oberstleutnant: 01.06.1808
Oberst: 03.07.18101
Generalmajor: 30.04.1815
Feldmarschalleutnant: 24.08.1830
Retired: 25.06.1833

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 11.05.1796
2nd Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°22: 20.09.1831 – 23.02.1840
I.R. Chamberlain: 1821

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Printed Sources
Frank (1, p.188) | Hirtenfeld 1, p.496ff. | Hubka, IR22, p.551 (wrong: b.1772) | MD 1, p.188 | MilSchem | ÖBL 1, p.150f. | ÖMKL 1, p.728 | Pickl, p.243 (wrong: "Colenbach") | Wrede 1, p.271 | Wurzbach 2, p.409 | WZ, 09.07.1808, 08.05.1815

Internet Sources
Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes
1) Hirtenfeld: 05.1809 (?)

   

 C28
Colli da Vigevano, Michael
Colli da Vigevano, Michael Freiherr von

Dates of Life
Born: Vigevano or Milan (Milano) (?) / Lombardy, 1738
Died: Florence (Firenze) / Tuscany, 22.12.1808

Promotions
Major: –
Oberstleutnant: 01.11.1768
Oberst: 01.05.1779
Generalmajor: 26.12.1788 (w.r.f. 30.11.1788)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 29.12.1793 (w.r.f. 26.12.1793)

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Fortress Vice-Commander of Josephstadt (Pleß): 1789 – 17??
Envoy extraordinary and Minister plenipotentiary in Etruria: 05.03.1804 – 10.12.18071

Field Service (1792-1815)
Commander of the Sardinian Army: ?-?
Commander of the allied forces at the battle of Saorgio (Cima di Raus): 12.06.1793 (+)
Commander of the allied forces at the battle of Saorgio: 24.04.1794 (–)
Commander of the Sardinian forces at the battle of Mondovi: 22.04.1796 (–)
Commander of the Papal forces at the combat of Castel Bolognese: 03.02.1797 (–)

Elevation of Social Status
Freiherr: 02.07.1764

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
Sardinia-Piedmont:
Order of St. Maurice and St. Lazarus – GC: 1793/94

Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)
Michael Colli da Vigevano was born in 1738. The first general rank (Generalmajor) he reached in 1788, following by Feldmarschalleutnant in 1793. In 1794 he commanded the Centre of the army. In 1796 he commanded of a division of 5,000 Austrians and 20,000 Sardinians under Beaulieu. On 9 April he advanced to retake the Col Ardente from the French in support of GM Argenteau, but then had to withdraw. From 19 – 22 April his isolated corps was defeated by Napoleon with the divisions of Augereau, Massena and Serrurier. The combats took place at Ceva on 19, Cursaglia on 20 and Mondovi on 22 April. Colli offered Napoleon a truce; this was accepted next day in principle and signed on 28 April. On 27 April Saorgio had fallen to the French. They took the Col di Tenda (on the road from Nice to Cuneo) on 8 May. This sharp defeat knocked the Sardinians out of the campaign and Napoleon cut Colli off from Beaulieu. Piedmont was thus evacuated by the Austrians and on 2 May they fell back over the Po at Valenza. Colli went into Mantua fortress then formed the left wing of the new Austrian line with 5,000 men of the Mantua garrison at Goito. When the Austrian line of the Mincio was pierced at Borghetto on 30 May, he sent his infantry back into Mantua and rejoined Beaulieu with his cavalry. The French divisions of Serrurier and Augereau closed up to start the siege of the fortress on 4 June. Wurmser's relief column broke through to Mantua, but was defeated on 15 September in the clash of La Favorita and St Giorgio and had to take refuge in the fortress. It held out until early 1797.

Printed Sources
Bodart, p.274, 286, 307, 319 | Matsch, p.126 | MD 1, p.188 | MilSchem | ÖMKL 1, p.730f. | Repertorium 3, pp.95, 282 | Wurzbach 2, p.411

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes
1) Matsch: 20.12.1807 (?)

 

 C29
Colloredo-Man(n)sfeld, Hieronymus Karl Graf von

Dates of Life
Born: Wetzlar (Free Imperial City), 30.03.17751
Died: Vienna, 23.07.1822

Family Status
Nephew of C32 and C35
Married: 1801 Wilhelmine Gräfin Waldstein von Wartenberg (1775-1849)

Promotions
Major: 03.12.1796
Oberstleutnant: 29.04.17992
Oberst: 14.05.1800
Generalmajor: 01.09.1805 (w.r.f. 02.02.1804)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 17.06.1809
Feldzeugmeister: 02.09.1813

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Adlatus of the Commanding General in Bohemia: 2nd H. 1815 – 1815/16
Adlatus of the Commanding General in Illyria, Inner Austria and the Tyrol: 1815/16 – 23.07.1822

Field Service (1792-1815)
Commander of the 1st Army Corps: 09.1813 – 02.1814 / 04.-06.1814
Commander of the 1st Army Corps (Army of the Upper Rhine): 04.-10.1815

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 28.05.1806 / CC: 06.06.1809
Military Honor Cross 1813/14 (Army Cross 1813/14): ~ 1814
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°33: 1809 – 23.07.1822
I.R. Privy Councillor
I.R. Chamberlain

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
Prussia:
Order of the Red Eagle 1st cl.: 1813
Russia:
Order of St. Alexander Nevskij: 09.1813
Order of St. George 3rd cl.: 18.09.18133

Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)
Born on 30 March 1775 in Wetzlar (Germany) as second son of the Vice Chancellor of the Holy Roman Empire, Prince Gundacker, Hieronymus Karl Graf von Colloredo-Mansfeld entered military service in 1792 as Oberleutnant in FZM Clerfayt's HQ. In 1793 he was promoted to Junior Captain and was given command of a grenadier company, in Infantry Regiment "Joseph Colloredo" N°57. He served at the siege of Conde, the battle of Caesar's Camp, the siege of Dunquerque, in which he was very distinguished. He was then promoted to captain and again distinguished himself in the battle of Tourcoing. At Conde Count Colloredo was captured and, although his exchange was arranged, he was arrested and held as a hostage for the French commissars taken into Austrian lines by the renegade Dumouriez. He escaped and made his way back to Clerfayt's HQ.
He was now given command of a company in the Leib-Bataillon of his regiment. In 1796 he served in Wurmser's advanced guard. On 8 August, Colloredo was wounded at the Bregenzer Klause, in the Tyrol, and was recovering until December of that year, in which month he was promoted to 3rd Major in his regiment.
In 1798 he transferred as 1st Major to Infantry Regiment vacant N°60. On 27 May, he led a force, which climbed the heights of Winterthur (southwest of Lake Constance), defeated the French garrison and took the bridge at Töss, just southeast of the city.
In 1800 he was promoted to 2nd Oberst in Infantry Regiment "vacant Wallis" N°29 on the upper Danube. At one point he met the corps of the Prinz von Lothringen that was advancing into action at Klein-Schaffhausen, in Switzerland. He volunteered to join the fight and led a battalion into Guttenzell in the enemy's left wing and to victory. For this he was promoted to command Infantry Regiment Archduke Ferdinand N°2.
In 1805, shortly after his promotion to Major General, Colloredo commanded a brigade of 5 battalions of grenadiers and 1 of Gradiscaner Grenzers in Vogelsang's division, Argenteau's corps, under Archduke Charles in Italy. He fought at Caldiero and took over the Austrian left wing after Generalmajor von Nordmann was wounded. He then sent a grenadier battalion to stop the French crossing the River Etsch (Adige). Renewed French assaults were made on the Austrian redoubts of Chiavicca del Christo, in which most of the gunners and the 200 men of Infantry Regiment "Lindenau" N°29 were killed or wounded. Colloredo inspired the survivors to man the guns and beat off the enemy assaults. As a result, on 30 October, he was awarded the Military Maria Theresian Order (KC).
In 1809, Colloredo served in Italy as commander of a brigade of 3 battalions each of Infantry Regiments "Strassoldo" and "St. Julien", in Count Albert Gyulai's VIII Corps. On 16 April he fought in the battle of Sacile (Fontana Fredda), where he held out alone for five hours against superior French assaults and secured the Austrian victory. In the night of 29 / 30 April, he fought at the Soave River and Castel Cerino. He also fought at the Piave crossing on 8 May and repelled repeated French cavalry charges. Four days later Colloredo was wounded at Venzone, but held up the French pursuit for 24 hours. Awarded with the Commander's Cross of the MMTO, he also fought at Raab on 14 June, after which battle he received his promotion to FML. At the end of the campaign he was made colonel proprietor of Infantry regiment N°33.
In 1813 Colloredo initially commanded a division and fought at Dresden, where he took a French redoubt on the Dippoldiswalde road and had 3 horses shot from under him. He withdrew his division on 28 August in best order. At Kulm, he commanded the allied right wing, captured an enemy artillery park and then the village of Arbesau thus encircling the enemy. For this he was promoted Feldzeugmeister on 2 September and given command of I Corps on 17 September. The Czar presented him with his Order of St. George (3rd cl.) for his actions at Kulm. Later a monument was raised to him at Kulm in the shape of a cast iron pyramid bearing the inscription: "Dem Feinde furchtbar, den Seinen Theur" (terrible to the enemy, loved by his own). At Leipzig Colloredo fought on the left wing. After the Prinz von Hessen-Homburg was wounded and Merveldt captured, he took over command of the left wing and remained on the field although he was wounded. On 5 February 1814, he was wounded again at Troyes and took no further part in the campaign.
In 1815 he commanded an independent corps on the upper Rhine but saw no major actions. After the war he was appointed Adlatus to the Commanding General in Bohemia, later to the CG in Inner Austria. He died on 23 July 1822 in Vienna.

Printed Sources
ADB 4, p.417ff. | Breslau 1913, p.185, N°81 | Crollalanza, p.239ff. | Hirtenfeld 2, p.862ff. | MD 1, p.189 | MilSchem | ÖBL 1, p.151 | ÖMKL 1, p.737ff. | ÖMZ, year 1823, vol.2, p.306ff.: Nekrolog des k.k. Feldzeugmeisters Graf Hieronymus Colloredo (= Ritter, p.483ff.) | Ritter, p.483ff. (= ÖMZ, year 1823, vol.2, p.306ff.) | Rupprecht, IR60, pp.2, 25 and appendix, p.1 | Wrede 1, p.353 | Wurzbach 2, p.424ff. | WZ, 25.11.1809, 07.09.1813, 09.09.1813, 19.02.1814, 21.02.1814 | Zivkovic, Generalität, p.39 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, pp.132, 133

Internet Sources
Ebert (http://www.napoleon-online.de/AU_Generale/html/colloredo.html)
Jewison/Steiner
Marek (http://genealogy.euweb.cz/colloredo/colloredo2.html)
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
Shamà
Theroff (http://pages.prodigy.net/ptheroff/gotha/colloredo.html)
Vederman (wrong: "Wenzel Colloredo")

Notes
1) Marek / Shamà / Theroff: 30.05.1775 (?)
2) Rupprecht, IR60, p.25: 13.10.1799 (?)
3) Vederman: 21.[09.]09.1813 (?)

 

 C30
Colloredo-Mels und Wallsee, Franz Graf von

Dates of Life
Born: 1731
Died: Vienna, 30.05.1814

Family Status
Unmarried

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 09.04.1777

Order of Chivalry
Knight of the Order of Malta
Commander and Bailli of the German Tongue
Minister plenipotentiary of the Order of Malta in Austria: 18.10.1798 – 28.04.1799
Order of Malta – GC

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
I.R. Chamberlain

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
Crollalanza, p.194 and plate VII | MilSchem | Repertorium 3, p.212

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 C31
Colloredo-Mels und Wallsee, Johann Baptist Franz Graf von

Dates of Life
Born: 26.06.1731
Died: 25.01.1815

Promotions
Major: 1761
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst: 1773
Generalmajor: 26.11.1777 (w.r.f. 23.10.1777)

Order of Chivalry
Knight of the Order of Malta
Commander of St. John in Vienna
Bailli of St. Joseph in Doschütz
Order of Malta – GC

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
MD 1, p.190 | MilSchem | ÖMKL 1, p.733 | Wurzbach 2, p.427

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 C32
Colloredo-Mels und Wallsee, Joseph Maria Graf von

Dates of Life
Born: Regensburg (Free Imperial City), 11.09.17351
Died: Vienna, 26.11.1818

Family Status
Brother of C35
Uncle of C29
Unmarried

Promotions
Major: –
Oberstleutnant: 1756
Oberst: 02.1759
Generalmajor: 06.10.1763 (w.r.f. 22.11.1759)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 19.01.1771 (w.r.f. 04.11.1767)
Feldzeugmeister: 23.08.1786 (w.r.f. 06.02.1785)
Feldmarschall: 12.10.1789

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Inspector General of the Military Border: 11.1775 – 02.1778
Director General of Artillery: 02.1778 – 26.11.1818
State and Conference Minister: 1805 – 26.11.1818
Minister of War: 14.02.1809 – 12.1814

Order of Chivalry
Knight of the Order of Malta (min. aet.): 12.04.1739
Professed Knight of the Order of Malta: 25.02.1777
Commander of the commandery of Mailberg (Lower Austria): 01.05.1780
Knight of the Grand Cross of the Order of Malta a.h.: 18.10.1780
Bailli of the Bailiwick of St. Joseph in Doschütz: 29.02.1787
Commander of the commandery of Mecholup: 01.05.1789
Grand-Prior of the Order of Malta in Bohemia, Moravia, Austria, Styria and Carinthia: 09.07.1789
Minister plenipotentiary of the Order of Malta in Austria: ~ 13.11.1780 – 02.01.1791 / 17.03.1807 – after 1815 (26.11.1818 ?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Military Maria Theresian Order – GC: 1790 (refused acception because of his membership with the Order of Malta !)
Golden Civil Honor Cross 1813/14: 26.05.1815
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°57: 1769 – 26.11.1818
I.R. Privy Councillor
I.R. Chamberlain: 1755

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)
Josef Maria Graf von Colloredo-Mels und Wallsee entered Austrian military service in the artillery and fought in the Seven Years War, during which he was several times distinguished in action. In 1763, he was promoted to Generalfeldwachtmeister (= Major General). After his promotion to Feldmarschalleutnant (1771) Colloredo was charged with command of the border areas with Turkey. In the war with the Turks in 1778/79 he commanded the artillery at the siege of Belgrade. In 1778, he was appointed Director general of the Artillery; he raised the corps of bombardiers and did much to improve the technical efficiency of this arm. In 1785 he was promoted to Feldzeugmeister and in 1789 the emperor apponted him to Field Marshal. He became an active member of the Hofkriegsrat (Aulic War Council) and was responsible for the abolition of infantry regimental guns and the formation of field batteries on the French model. He died in Vienna in 1818.

Printed Sources
ADB 4, p.419f. | Angeli, Carl 4, p.11 | Crollalanza, p.232ff. | Dauber, p.194ff. | Gatti, ArtAk, p.28 | Hubka, IR22, p.94, 101 | MD 1, p.190 | MilSchem | NDB 3, p.328 | ÖBL 1, p.151 | ÖMKL 1, p.734ff. | ÖMZ 1819, vol.4, p.72ff.: Weingarten, Adam von: Lebensgeschichte des k.k. Feldmarschalls Grafen Joseph Colloredo (= Ritter, p.93ff.) | Pickl, p.235 | Repertorium 3, pp.212f. | Ritter, p.93ff. (= ÖMZ 1819, vol.4, p.72ff.) | Wrede 1, p.516 | Wrede (6), p.20 | Wurzbach 2, p.427ff. | WZ, 28.05.1815 | Zivkovic, Generalität, pp.13, 35 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, pp.12, 14

Internet Sources
Jewison/Steiner
Marek (http://genealogy.euweb.cz/colloredo/colloredo2.html)
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
Shamà (wrong: b. Vienna)
Theroff (http://pages.prodigy.net/ptheroff/gotha/colloredo.html)

Notes
1) ÖBL: 11.11.1735 (?)

 

 C33
Colloredo-Mels und Wallsee, Joseph (Johann ?) Graf von

Dates of Life
Born: 29.07.1773
Died: Preßburg (Pozsony, Bratislava) / Hungary, 01.04.1816

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 23.06.1808 (w.r.f. 06.09.1805)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
I.R. Chamberlain

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
MilSchem | WZ, 09.07.1808, 09.04.1816

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 C34
Colloredo-Mels und Wallsee, Nikolaus Graf von

Dates of Life
Born: 1740
Died: Olmütz (Olomouc) / Moravia, 04.02.1803

Family Status
Married: Eleonore Edle von Wagenfeld

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 09.09.1786 (w.r.f. 28.08.1786)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 27.02.1793 (w.r.f. 21.02.1793)

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Fortress Commander of Olmütz: 1800 – 04.02.1803

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
I.R. Chamberlain

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
Crollalanza, p.95f. and pl.III | MilSchem

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 C35
Colloredo-Mels und Wallsee, Wenzel Joseph Graf von

Dates of Life
Born: Vienna, 15.10.1738
Died: Vienna, 04.09.1822

Family Status
Brother of C32
Uncle of C29
Unmarried

Promotions
Major: 1760
Oberstleutnant: 01.04.1762
Oberst: 08.02.1764
Generalmajor: 01.05.1773 (w.r.f. 14.11.1768)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 10.04.1783 (w.r.f. 18.04.1783)
Feldzeugmeister: 26.12.1789 (19.12.1789)
Feldmarschall: 06.09.1808 (w.r.f. 19.12.1808)
Holy Roman Empire:
Reichs-General der Kavallerie [sic]: 08.04.17931

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Commanding General in Slavonia and Syrmia: 05.1784 – 08.1786
Commanding General in Inner Austria and the Tyrol: 09.1790 – 03.1797
Adlatus of the Commanding General in Moravia and Silesia: 1797-1798
Inspector General of the Military Border: 11.1798 – 03.1802
Captain of the Trabanten Life Guard and the Hofburgwache: 03.1802 – 09.1806
President of the Aulic War Council: 08.1806 – 04.1810
President ad interim of the Aulic War Council: 11.1813 – 06.1814
Captain of the Trabanten Life Guard and the Hofburgwache:: 26.(23.?)12.1814 – 04.09.1822

Order of Chivalry
Knight of the Teutonic Order: 1764
Commander of Pizemberg (Pizenburg?) and Mecheln
Province Commander (Landkomtur) of the Bailiwick of Koblenz: 1805-1806

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Military Maria Theresian Order – CC: 28.05.1793 (refused acception because of his membership with the Order of Malta !)
Golden Civil Honor Cross 1813/14: 26.05.1815
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°56: 1784 – 04.09.1822
I.R. Privy Councillor
I.R. Chamberlain

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
France:
Order of the Légion d'Honneur – GC: 11.1816 (refused acception because of his membership with the Order of Malta !)

Printed Sources
Crollalanza, p.237 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.384f. | HKR-Präs, p.44, N°26 | Hubka, IR22, p.106f. | MD 1, p.189 | MilSchem | Neuhaus, p.340 | ÖBL 1, p.152 | ÖMKL 1, p.736 | Oldenhage, p.77 | Täubl, p.190 | Wrede 1, p.508 | Wrede (6), pp.20, 66 | Wurzbach 2, p.430f. | WZ, 28.11.1816, 21.09.1808, 27.12.1814, 28.05.1815, 28.11.1816 | Zivkovic, Generalität, pp.13, 36 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, pp.4, 14, 44, 54, 68, 127

Internet Sources
Marek (http://genealogy.euweb.cz/colloredo/colloredo2.html)
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
Shamà
Theroff (http://pages.prodigy.net/ptheroff/gotha/colloredo.html)

Notes
1) date of the Imperial Kommissionsdekret

   

 C36
Conninck, August Joseph von

Dates of Life
Born: Messines (Mesen) / Austrian Netherlands, 25.12.1761
Died: Padua / Venetia, 29.11.1844

Name Variants
also: Coninck, Conink

Family Status
Married: 1789 Therese Josephine Jeszensky de Nagy-Jeszen

Promotions
Marine-Kapitän (Major): 23.08.1798 (w.r.f. 19.08.1798)
Fregatten-Kapitän (Oberstleutnant): 10.03.1802
Oberst: 01.04.1809
Generalmajor: 21.06.1814
Retired: 16.03.1824

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Deputy Navy Commander: 01.06.1806 – 30.04.1807
Navy Commander: 16.07.18141 – 10.02.1824

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Printed Sources
MilSchem | Schmidt-Brentano, Admirale, p.7ff. | WZ, 25.07.1814

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes
1) supreme imperial resolution: 25.06.1814

 

 C37
Conrad von Heidendorf, Samuel Karl Freiherr

Dates of Life
Born: 13.(25.)07.1735
Died: Mediasch (Medgyes, Mediaş) / Transylvania, 04.01.1797

Name Variants
also: Heydendorf, Haydendorf

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 27.02.1793
Retired: 1793

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
MilSchem

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

  

 C38
Contades, Julius Graf von

Dates of Life
Born: 29.12.1760
Died: 09.1811

Name Variants
(French) François-Jules-Gaspard Comte de Contades

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 31.10.1801 (w.r.f. 28.10.1801)
Quit: 1808

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
MilSchem | WZ, 09.07.1808

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 C39
Corti, Caesar (Franz) Marchese di

Dates of Life
Born: Pavia / Lombardy, 1740
Died: Gent (Gand) / Austrian Netherlands, 05.01.1792

Promotions
Major: 1770
Oberstleutnant: 11.1777
Oberst: 05.1784
Generalmajor: 16.01.1790 (w.r.f. 1788)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 19.12.1790

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
Hirtenfeld 1, p.319 | MilSchem | ÖMKL 1, p.781 | Wurzbach 3, p.14f.

Internet Sources
Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

  

 C40
Cramer, Anton
Cramer von Kronenbach, Anton

Dates of Life
Born: 17??
Died: 16.06.1816

Name Variants
also: Kramer

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 22.01.1808

Elevation of Social Status
plain nobility: 02.05.1795 (with predicate: "von Kronenbach")

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
Frank 1, p.200 (patent of nobility with: "Cramer" !) | MilSchem | WZ, 20.02.1808

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 C41
Creutz, Peter von
Creutz, Peter Ritter von

Dates of Life
Born: 17??
Died: 30.01.18071

Name Variants
(Dutch): Van Cruys

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 07.08.1768 (w.r.f. 30.07.1761)

Elevation of Social Status
Ritter2: 25.01.1746

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
Frank 1, p.202 | MilSchem

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes
1) Schmidt-Brentano: 31.01.1807 or 07.04.1807 (?)
2) Schmidt-Brentano: "Freiherr" (?)

   

 C42
Creuzer, Karl
Creuzer von Hohenschild, Karl Freiherr

Dates of Life
Born: around 1731
Died: Vienna, 03.09.1797

Name Variants
also: Kreuzer / also: Hochenschild

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 15.03.1794

Elevation of Social Status
Freiherr: 07.04.1773 (with predicate: "von Hohenschild")

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
Frank 1, p.202 ("Creuzer von Hochenschild") | MilSchem

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 C43
Cristani von Rall, Johann Nepomuk Claudius Freiherr

Dates of Life
Born: 17??
Died: 02.08.1796

Name Variants
also: Christani

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 30.06.1770 (w.r.f. 07.11.1768)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 10.04.1783 (w.r.f. 16.04.1783)

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Commanding General ad interim in Transylvania (Hermannstadt): 01.-11.1790

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
Salzburg (before 1805):
Military Order of St. Rupert – ?C: before 1796

Printed Sources
MilSchem | Zivkovic, Heerführer, p.58 (wrong: "Rall, Johann Christian Freiherr v.")

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 C44
Croll von Herzberg, Georg

Dates of Life
Born: Vienna, 1748
Died: Brünn (Brno) / Moravia, 19.02.1809

Promotions
Major: 1794
Oberstleutnant: 02.1797
Oberst: 2nd H. 1799
Generalmajor: 01.09.1805 (w.r.f. 28.01.1804)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
Hödl, IR29, pp.204, 224, 237, 589 | MilSchem

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 C45
Csanády de Kerek, Joseph

Dates of Life
Born: 17??
Died: 27.08.1817

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst: 02./03.1808
Generalmajor (title): 20.09.1809
Retired: 20.09.1809

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Printed Sources
MilSchem | WZ, 09.03.1808

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 C46
Csekonics de Zsombolya et Janova, Joseph

Dates of Life
Born: Güns (Köszeg) / Com. Eisenburg (Vas) / Hungary, 22.02.1757
Died: Pest / Hungary, 26.04.1824

Name Variants
also: Csekonits

Promotions
Major: 1787
Oberstleutnant: 1789
Oberst: 1790
Generalmajor: 03.1806 (w.r.f. 12.01.1803)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Order of St. Stephen – KC: 1799

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Printed Sources
Megerle, p.184 | MilSchem | ÖMKL 1, p.807 | Wurzbach 3, p.52f.

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

   

 C47
Csivich von Rohr, Ignaz
Csivich von Rohr, Ignaz Freiherr

Dates of Life
Born: Vinkovci / Slavonia, 1752
Died: Vinkovci / Slavonia, 30.11.1823

Promotions
Major: 08.09.1796
Oberstleutnant: 19.11.1800
Oberst: 01.02.1809
Generalmajor: 27.04.1813
Retired: 11.10.1821

Elevation of Social Status
Freiherr: 12.05.1812

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 24.10.1809

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Printed Sources
Frank-Döfering, 1181 | Hirtenfeld 2, p.917ff. | MilSchem | ÖBL 1, p.158 (wrong: d. 30.11.1822) | ÖMKL 1, p.810 | Wurzbach 3, p.61f. (wrong: d. 30.11.1822) | WZ, 11.02.1809, 11.05.1813, 08.06.1813

Internet Sources
Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

   

 C48
Csollich, Markus
Csollich, Markus Freiherr von

Dates of Life
Born: Privlaka / Slavonia, 15.04.1766
Died: Peterwardein (Petrovaradin, Pétervarád) / Slavonia, 14.09.1844

Promotions
Major: 10.06.1801
Oberstleutnant: 16.11.1805
Oberst: 05.03.1809
Generalmajor: 12.05.1813
Feldmarschalleutnant: 04.08.1826
Feldzeugmeister: 11.06.1841

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Military Commander in Upper Austria (Linz): 07.1833 – 06.1834
Commanding General in Slavonia and Syrmia: 06.1834 – 14.09.1844

Field Service (1792-1815)
Chief of the (Quartermaster) General Staff of the Army of the South: 03.-05.1814

Elevation of Social Status
Freiherr: 15.09.1810

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 24.10.1809
Order of Leopold – CC: 29.03.1814
Military Honor Cross 1813/14 (Army Cross 1813/14): ~ 1814
2nd Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°39: 1827 – 14.09.1844
I.R. Privy Councillor: 1834

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
Hessen-Darmstadt:
Order of Ludwig – CC 1st cl: 15.05.1814
Prussia:
Order of the Red Eagle 2nd cl.: 1813

Printed Sources
Breslau 1913, p.187, N°100 | Doerr, p.282 | Frank-Döfering, N°1182 | Hirtenfeld 2, p.963ff. | MilSchem | ÖMKL 1, p.811ff. | Wrede 1, p.394 | Wurzbach 3, p.64f. | WZ, 01.07.1813, 21.02.1814, 14.04.1814 | Zivkovic, Generalität, p.42 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, pp.68, 73, 111

Internet Sources
Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 C49
Czartoryski-Sangusco, Herzog von Klewan und Zukow, Adam Kasimir Fürst

Dates of Life
Born: Danzig (Gdansk) / Poland, 01.12.1734
Died: Sieniawa / Galicia, 19.03.18231

Family Status
Married: 1761 Isabella Gräfin von Flemming (1746-1835)

Promotions
Poland:
Lieutenant General
Into Austrian service: 1782
Feldzeugmeister: 01.07.1782 (w.r.f. 30.06.1782)
Feldmarschall: 24.02.1805

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Captain of the Galician Noble Life Guard: 01.1783 – 12.1790

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Order of the Golden Fleece: 07.01.1808
Colonel-Proprietor of the Cuirassier Regiment N°27 / (since 1798:) N°4: 1783-1801/02 (disbanded)
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°9: 1802 – 19.03.1823

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
Poland:
Order of the White Eagle: 25.11.1764
Order of St. Stanislas (cl.?): before 1796
Russia:
Order of St. Andrew: before 1796

Printed Sources
MD 1, p.206 | MilSchem | ÖBL 1, p.160f. (wrong: FM in 1803) | ÖMKL 1, p.837f. | Wrede 1, p.174 | Wrede 3, p.593 | Wrede (6), p.76 | Wurzbach 3, p.85ff. | WZ, 09.01.1808 | Zivkovic, Generalität, pp.13, 34 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, p.45

Internet Sources
Boettger
Marek (http://genealogy.euweb.cz/poland/czartor2.html)
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
Theroff (http://pages.prodigy.net/ptheroff/gotha/czartoryski.html)

Notes
1) MilSchem, year 1824, p.467: d. 20.03.1823 (?)

 

 C50
Czernel von Czernelháza, Michael Graf

Dates of Life
Born: Czernelhaza / Com. Ödenburg (Sopron) / Hungary, 1738
Died: Agram (Zágréb) / Craotia, 12.02.1807

Name Variants
also: Csernel v. Csernelhaza

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant: ~ 1776
Oberst: 08.11.1783
Generalmajor: 13.09.1789 (w.r.f. 10.09.1789)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 21.08.1796 (w.r.f. 03.08.1794)

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Commanding General in the Karlstadt-Warasdin Military Border: 03.1797 – 12.02.1807

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
MilSchem | ÖMKL 1, p.810 | Wurzbach 3, p.58 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, p.65

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

   

 C51
Czerneczy, Karl von

Dates of Life
Born: 17??
Died: Venice (Venezia) / Venetia, 04.01.1803

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 27.02.1793 (w.r.f. 23.06.1791)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
MilSchem

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 C52
Czerwenka, (Johann) Franz Joseph

Dates of Life
Born: 06.12.1760
Died: Semlin (Zemun) / Dalmatia, 29.05.1824

Name Variants
also: Czerwinka

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor (title): 18.11.1809
Retired: 18.11.1809
Reactivated: 1810

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Military Commander in Syrmia (?) (Semlin): 11.1810 – 29.05.1824

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Order of Leopold – KC: 1816

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Printed Sources
MilSchem | Zivkovic, Heerführer, p.77 | Regele, p.30

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

   

 C53
Czerwenka, Joseph
Czerwenka de Tomba, Joseph

Dates of Life
Born: 15.11.1758
Died: Vienna, 27.05.1839

Name Variants
also: Czerwinka / Tombo

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst: 27.08.1805
Generalmajor: 22.07.18091
Retired: 1813

Elevation of Social Status
plain nobility: 03.06.1830 (with predicate: "de Tomba")

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Printed Sources
Beran IR55, p.70 | Frank, N°1486 | Leitner 2, p.103f. | MilSchem | Nahlik, IR55, pp.24f., 38 | WZ, 25.11.1809

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes
1) Beran, IR55, p.70: 06.08.1809 (?) / Nahlik, IR55, p.38: 09.08.1809 (?)

 


Placed on the Napoleon Series: March 2008

 

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