Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics



  By Leopold Kudrna, with Biographical Essays by Digby Smith.



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Austrian Generals

1792-1815

F

Faber to Fusco

 

 
 F1 Faber, Christian Wolfgang
Faber du Faur, Christian Wolfgang (Freiherr ?)

Dates of Life
Born: Stuttgart / Württemberg, 27.08.1710
Died: Vienna, 23.05.1793

Promotions
Major: 06.06.1751
Oberstleutnant: ~1756
Oberst: 27.01.1758
Generalmajor: 20.01.1768 (w.r.f. 20.01.1759)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 25.04.1775 (w.r.f. 07.03.1767)
Feldzeugmeister: 03.04.1784 (w.r.f. 29.03.1784)

Elevation of Social Status
plain nobility (Freiherr ?): 29.02.1779 (with predicate "du Faur")

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Printed Sources
Frank 2, p.1 | Megerle, p.286f. | MilSchem | NDB 4, p.724 | ÖMKL 2, p.267 | Zivkovic, Generalität, p.35

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 F2 Faber, Johann Philipp von
 

Dates of Life
Born: Mainz / Mainz (electorate), 06.01.1756
Died: Vienna, 05.03.1844

Name Variants
also: Faber-Ehrenbreitstein (title "Ehrenbreitstein" not officially)

Family Status
Married: before 1758 Amalie [N.] (17??-1837)

Promotions
Trier (electorate):
Major: 1793
Oberstleutnant: – (?)
Oberst: 12.1796
Into Austrian service: 01.05.1801
Oberst: 01.05.1801
Generalmajor: 15.08.1808
Feldmarschalleutnant: 29.10.1813
Feldzeugmeister: 16.09.1826
Retired: 01.10.1826

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Fortress Commander of Ehrenbreitstein (in service of Trier): ~ 11.1793 – 10.12.1797
1st Fortress Commander of Ehrenbreitstein (in service of Trier): 10.12.1797 – 27.01.1799
Local Director of the Maria Theresian Military Academy: 20.06.18051 – 01.10.1826

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
2nd Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°26: 30.08.18192 – 05.03.1844

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Printed Sources
Amon, IR4, pp.379, 382, 396, 398 | Leitner 1, p.308ff. | Liwa, Margot: Erzherzog Johann als Oberdirektor der Wiener Neustädter Militärakademie 1805-1849, Ph.D. thesis Vienna 1984, p.123ff. | MD 2, p.64 | MilSchem | ÖMKL 2, p.266f. | Wischemann, Rüdiger: Letzte Belagerung der Festung Ehrenbreitstein. Die kurtrierischen Truppen in den Revolutionskriegen und die Belagerung der kurtrierischen, kaiserlichen und Reichsfestung Ehrenbreitstein durch die französischen Revolutionstruppen 1795 bis 1799. Unter Verwendung der Journale des Festungskommandos und seines Befehlsbuches des Obersten Philipp von Faber, Berlin 2003, passim and especially p.375ff. (= appendix I) | Wrede 1, p.300 | WZ, 03.09.1808 | Zivkovic, Generalität, p.40 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, p.35

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes
1) Amon, IR4, p.382: supreme imperial resolution from 19.06.1805 (?)
2) Wischemann, p.378: 30.01.1819 (?)

 

 F3 Fabri, Michael von
Fabri, Michael Ritter von
 

Dates of Life
Born: Preßburg (Pozsony, Bratislava) / Hungary, 1739
Died: Moor (Mór) / Com. Stuhlweißenburg (Székes-Fehérvár) / Hungary, 09.10.1809

Name Variants
also: Fábry

Promotions
Major: 01.01.17721
Oberstleutnant: 08.01.17722
Oberst: 24.04.17843
Generalmajor: 05.06.1788 (w.r.f. 28.05.1788)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 29.12.1793 (w.r.f. 14.12.1793)
Retired: 01.12.1794

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 19.12.1790

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
Amon, HR1, pp.57, 70f., 494, 496 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.317ff. | MilSchem | ÖMKL 2, p.267 | Wurzbach 4, p.128f.

Internet Sources
Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes
1) Amon, HR1, p.57: 30.03.1772 (?)
2) Amon, HR1, p.494: 1773 (?)
3) Amon, HR1, p.70: 01.05.1784 (?)

 

 F4 Fasching, Karl von
Fasching, Karl Freiherr von

Dates of Life
Born: Karlstadt (Karlovac) / Croatia, 1753
Died: Budweis (České Budějovice) / Bohemia, 21.08.1826

Promotions
Major: 28.02.1808
Oberstleutnant: 03.1808
Oberst: 30.05.1809
Generalmajor: 05.12.1813

Elevation of Social Status
Freiherr: 19.01.1812

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 24.10.1809
Order of Leopold – CC: 11.05.1814
Colonel-Proprietor of the Artillery Regiment N°4: 1822 – 21.08.1826

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
Bavaria:
Military Order of Maximilian Joseph – KC

Printed Sources
Frank-Döfering, 1443 | Hirtenfeld 2, p.987f. (wrong: d. 26.08.1826) | MilSchem | ÖMKL 2, p.296f. (wrong: d. 26.08.1826) | Wurzbach 4, p.151f. (wrong: d. 26.08.1826) | WZ, 04.05.1808, 28.05.1814

Internet Sources
Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 F5 Favier du Noyer, Karl Graf
 

Dates of Life
Born: 1750
Died: (Vienna ?), 21.05.1818

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 01.09.1805 (w.r.f. 08.04.1805)
Retired: 1810
Reactivated: ?
Retired: 1814

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
I.R. Chamberlain: 1801

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
Sardinia-Piedmont:
Order of St. Maurice and St. Lazarus – KC: before 1796

Printed Sources
MilSchem | Pickl, p.267 | Wenke, DR1, p.276

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 F6 Feketè de Galántha, Johann Graf

Dates of Life
Born: Hungary, 10.11.1741
Died: Foth (Fót) / Com. Pest / Hungary, 21.07.1803

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 27.11.1779

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
MilSchem | Wurzbach 4, p.166

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 F7 Fellner, Ferdinand von
 

Dates of Life
Born: "Rißnecke" (n.l.) / Transylvania, 17??
Died: KIA Leoben / Styria, 06.07.18091

Promotions
Major: 01.01.1800
Oberstleutnant: 1805
Oberst: 1806
Generalmajor: 17.06.1809

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
Allmayer-Beck, p.78 | MilSchem | ÖMKL 2, p.344

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes
1) Schmidt-Brentano: 09.07.1809 (?)

 

 F8 Fenner von und zum Fennberg, Franz Maria Philipp
Fenner von und zum Fennberg, Franz Maria Philipp Freiherr

Dates of Life
Born: Fennberg / Tyrol, 17.07.1759
Died: Jaroslau (Jaroslaw) / Galicia, 19.10.1824

Promotions
Major: 27.04.1793
Oberstleutnant: 20.04.1797
Oberst: 19.03.1804
Generalmajor: 15.08.1808
Feldmarschalleutnant: 26.07.1813

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Military Commander in the Tyrol and Vorarlberg (Innsbruck): 06.1814 – 11.1819

Elevation of Social Status
Freiherr: 1797 (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 08.11.1813
Colonel-Proprietor of the Tiroler Jäger Corps: 07.12.1813 – end 1815 (disbanded)
2nd Colonel-Proprietor of the Tiroler Jäger Regiment: 01.01.1816 – 19.10.1824

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)
Franz Maria Philipp Fenner von Fennberg entered Austrian military service in 1777. He fought in the wars against the Turks in 1778/79 and in the early Revolutionary campaigns. Fenner was distinguished at Maindorf in 1796 and at the capture of Offenburg in 1797. In 1808 he received promotion to general major. During the war of 1809 he was commander of the defence of the Tyrol. After his promotion to Feldmarschalleutnant Fenner commanded the right wing of the Army of Inner Austria. He cleared the enemy out of the Tyrol and was distinguished at the storm of Mühlbacher Klause on 7 October. On 26-27 October, he took the villages of San Marco and Volano from GdD Giflenga's (?) 6th Italian Division, where he was wounded. In 1814 he liberated the Pusta valley in the Tyrol. Fenner died on 19 October 1824 in Galicia.

Printed Sources
ADB 6, p.620f. (wrong: b. Salurn, 1762) | Hirtenfeld 2, p.1212ff. | Huter, Franz: FML Franz Philipp Freiherr von Fenner zum Fennberg. Zu seinem 225. Geburtstag und in Erinnerung an die Jahre 1809 und 1813. In: Tiroler Heimat. Jahrbuch für Geschichte und Volkskunde 48/49, Innsbruck-Vienna 1985, pp.199-205 | MD 2, p.71 | MilSchem | ÖMKL 2, p.345f. | Wrede 1, p.647 | Wurzbach 4, p.176 (wrong: b. Salurn, 1762) | WZ, 03.09.1808, 31.07.1813, 14.10.1813, 27.07.1814 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, p.72

Internet Sources
Austrian Federal Ministry of Defence / Military Command of the Tyrol (= http://www.bmlv.gv.at/organisation/beitraege/milkdot/milkdot_namensgeber_fenner.shtml)
Deutsche Biographische Enzyklopädie (= http://www.saur.de/dbe/pdf/Aufge_Pers_F.pdf)
Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 F9 Fenzel von Baumgarden zu Grub, (Ferdinand) Joseph Leopold Johann Nepomuk
Fenzel von Baumgarden zu Grub, (Ferdinand) Joseph Leopold Johann Nepomuk Freiherr

Dates of Life
Born: Vienna, 1748
Died: Vienna, 09.11.1805

Name Variants
also: Baumgarten

Promotions
Major: 08.1790
Oberstleutnant: 06.06.1794
Oberst: 01.04.1795
Generalmajor: 02.10.1799 (w.r.f. 09.10.1799)
Retired: 09.1800

Elevation of Social Status
Freiherr: 17.12.1799

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 21.12.1789

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
Frank 2, p.12 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.261 | MilSchem | ÖMKL 2, p.346f. | Wurzbach 4, p.179 (wrong: d. 09.11.1835)

Internet Sources
Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 F10 Ferraris, Joseph Johann (named "Franz") Graf

Dates of Life
Born: Lunéville / Lorraine, 20.04.1726
Died: Vienna, 01.04.1814

Name Variants
(French) Joseph-Jean dit François Comte de Ferraris

Family Status
Married: 1776 (Marie) Henriette princesse d’Ursel (1743-1810)

Promotions
Major: 1750
Oberstleutnant: 1757
Oberst: 1758
Generalmajor: 02.03.1761 (w.r.f. 13.03.1759)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 01.05.1773 (w.r.f. 28.02.1767)
Feldzeugmeister: 03.04.1784 (w.r.f. 26.03.1784)
Feldmarschall: 06.09.1808

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Director of Artillery of the Austrian Netherlands: 1762-17??
Governor of Termonde (Dendermonde): 1775-17??
Commanding General in the Austrian Netherlands: 12.1789 – 01.1790
Vice-President of the Aulic War Council: 27.08.1793 – 05.(?)1796

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 04.12.1758 / CC: 28.05.1793 / GC: 20.10.1793
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°14: 1770-1775
I.R. Privy Councillor: 1798
I.R. Chamberlain: 1790

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
BU 13, p.617 | Englebert N°18 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.390ff. | Kneschke 3, p.234 | MD 2, p.73 (wrong: d. 01.04.1807) | Megerle, p.137 | MilSchem | ÖMKL 2, p.363f. | Petiot, p.182 | Pickl, p.266 | Wurzbach 4, p.198 | WZ, 21.09.1808, 13.04.1814 | Zivkovic, Generalität, pp.13, 35 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, p.62

Internet Sources
Jewison/Steiner
Marek (http://genealogy.euweb.cz/ursel/ursel2.html)
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 F11 Festenberg von Hassenwein, Johann Ritter
Festenberg von Hassenwein, Johann Freiherr
 

Dates of Life
Born: Brünn (Brno) / Moravia, 1738
Died: Temesvár / Com. Temes / Hungary, 28.06.1808

Promotions
Major: 13.07.1785
Oberstleutnant: 13.08.1789
Oberst: 23.09.1796
Generalmajor: 11.12.1799 (w.r.f. 30.12.1799)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 22.01.1808

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Adlatus of the Commanding General in the Banat: 1805-1806
Adlatus of the Commanding General in the Banal Military Border: 1806-1808
Fortress Commander of Temesvár: 02./03.1808 – 28.06.1808

Elevation of Social Status
Freiherr: 04.04.1791

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 19.12.1790

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
Böhm 1, p.415 | Dedekind, DR11, pp.249, 295, 664, 697 | Frank 2, p.14 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.297f. | MD 2, p.74f. | MilSchem | ÖMKL 2, p.365 | Preyer, p.115 | Wurzbach 4, p.209 | WZ, 20.02.1808, 09.03.1808, 03.08.1808

Internet Sources
Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 F12 Feuchtersleben, Wilhelm Freiherr von

Dates of Life
Born: 1768
Died: Brod / Slavonia, 18.06.1844

Promotions
Major: 26.08.1805
Oberstleutnant: 11.02.1809
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 30.04.1815
Feldmarschalleutnant (title a.h.): 29.12.1834
Retired: 29.12.1834

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Fortress Commander of Brod: 1815 – 29.12.1834

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Decoration of the Elisabeth Theresian Military Foundation: 1840

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Printed Sources
Amon, IR18, pp.346, 357, 360 | Auer, N°76 | MilSchem | NDB 5, p.106 | WZ, 08.05.1815, 13.11.1815

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 F13 Ficquelmont, (Gabriel) Karl Ludwig Bonaventura Graf von
 

Dates of Life
Born: Castle Dieuze near Nancy / Lorraine / France, 23.03.1777
Died: Venice (Venezia) / Venetia, 07.04.1857

Name Variants
(French) Gabriel-Charles-Louis-Bonnaventure Comte de Ficquelmont

Family Status
Married: 1821 Dorothea Gräfin Tiesenhausen (1804-1863)

Promotions
Major: 25.11.1805
Oberstleutnant: 19.07.1808
Oberst: 20.06.18091
Generalmajor: 27.02.1814
Feldmarschalleutnant: 18.01.1830
General der Kavallerie: 03.03.1843

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Envoy in Sweden (Stockholm): 08.07.1816 – 19.05.18202
Envoy in Tuscany (Florence) and Lucca (ditto): 25.08.1820 – 30.01.1821 / 15.02.18213
Envoy in Naples-Sicily (Naples): 30.01.1821 / 24.03.1821 – 12.01.1829
Envoy in Russia (St. Petersburg): 17.01.1829 – 02.08.1840
State and Conference Minister: 04.10.1840
President of the Aulic War Council: 01.03.1848 - 18.03.1848 [sic]
Minister of the Imperial House and of Foreign Affairs: 18.03.1848 – 04.05.1848 [sic]

Field Service (1792-1815)
Adjutant General of the Army of Italy: 12.1813 – 06.1814

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Order of the Golden Fleece: 05.12.1852
Order of St. Stephen – GC: 1835
Order of Leopold – CC: 01.06.1814
Order of the Iron Crown 2nd cl.: 12.02.1816 / 1st cl.: 1827
Colonel-Proprietor of the Dragoon Regiment N°6: 17.09.1831 – 07.04.1857
I.R. Privy Councillor: 1823
I.R. Chamberlain: 1806

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
Belgium:
Order of Leopold – GC: 1844/45
Naples-Siciliy:
Order of St. Januarius: 1847
Order of St. Ferdinand and of Merit – GC: 1821
Netherlands:
Civil Merit Order of the Netherland Lion – GC
Papal State:
Order of Christ
Poland (Russia):
Order of the White Eagle
Prussia:
Order of the Black Eagle: 1846
Russia:
Order of St. Andrew: 1833 / w.d.: 1840
Order of St. Alexander Nevskij
Order of St. Vladimir 3rd cl.: 1815
Order of St. Anne 1st cl.
Sardinia-Piedmont:
Order of St. Maurice and St. Lazarus – GC
Sweden:
Military Order of the Sword – GC

Printed Sources
ADB 7, p.1ff. | HKR-Präs, N°33 (p.56f.) | Kantor, Wera: Karl Ludwig Graf Ficquelmont, Ph.D. thesis Vienna 1948 | Lorenz, Florian: Karl Ludwig Graf Ficquelmont als Diplomat und Staatsmann, Ph.D. thesis Vienna 1967 | Matsch, pp.117, 122, 124 | MD 2, p.76 | MilSchem (wrong: d. 06.04.1857) | MZ, year 1857, N°31 (from 18.04.1857), p.247 (wrong: GM in 02.1813 / Privy Councillor in 09.1813) | NDB 5, p.136f. | ÖBL 1, p.310f. | ÖMKL 2, p.405 (infos inaccurate) | Petiot, p.184f. (wrong: Mjr in 1806 / d. 06.04.1854) | Pickl, p.267 | Repertorium 3, p.282 | Strobl, DR12, p.192 | Wrede 3, p.209 | Wrede (6), p.20 | Wurzbach 4, p.221ff. | WZ, 03.08.1808, 05.10.1808, 27.06.1814, 29.06.1814, 26.05.1815, 18.10.1815, 20.02.1816, 04.03.1848 | Zivkovic, Generalität, p.42 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, p.119

Internet Sources
Boettger
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes
1) Kantor: 26.06.1809 (?)
2) Repertorium 3: 13.09.1815 – 27.06.1820 (?) / Matsch: 13.09.1815 – 25.05.1820 (?)
3) 17.05.1820 – 01.02.1821 (?)

 

 F14 Finke, Karl Franz Xaver von

Dates of Life
Born: 17??
Died: (Peterwardein [Petrovaradin, Pétervárad] / Slavonia ?), 21.01.1812

Name Variants
also: Fincke

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 01.01.1794 (w.r.f. 08.12.1791)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 15.12.1799 (w.r.f. 11.12.1799)

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Fortress Commander of Peterwardein: 1799 – 21.01.1812

Elevation of Social Status
plain nobility: 1789 (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
Kneschke 3, p.251 | MilSchem

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 F15 Finta, Joseph

Dates of Life
Born: 17??
Died: 31.08.1802

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 1790 (w.r.f. 30.11.1790)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
MilSchem

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 F16 Fischer von Ehrenbach, Wilhelm Ritter

Dates of Life
Born: Vienna, 1753
Died: Alessandria / Piedmont, 18.11.1795

Promotions
Major: 01.10.1788
Oberstleutnant: 01.08.1789
Oberst: 18.11.1789
Generalmajor: 28.05.1794

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 21.12.1789

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
MilSchem | ÖMKL 2, p.409f. | Wurzbach 4, p.249

Internet Sources
Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 F17 Fitzgerald, Johann Ritter von

Dates of Life
Born: Dublin / Ireland, around 1741
Died: Göding (Hodonin) / Moravia, 03.04.1805

Promotions
Major: 1779
Oberstleutnant: 1782
Oberst: 1786
Generalmajor: 27.02.1793
Feldmarschalleutnant: 01.03.1797 (w.r.f. 24.11.1795)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
Duffy, p.371 | MilSchem | Schmidhofer, p.183

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 F18 Flachenfeld, Karl von
Flachenfeld, Karl Ritter von

Dates of Life
Born: Landau / Bavaria, 1762
Died: KIA Hanau / Frankfurt (grand-duchy), 30.10.1813

Promotions
Major: 09.1805
Oberstleutnant: 08.05.1807
Oberst: 1809
Generalmajor: 20.10.1813

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 1810

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
Allmayer-Beck, p.79 | Hirtenfeld 2, p.1034f. | MilSchem | ÖMKL 2, p.411f. | Wrede, DR6, p.662, 928f. | Wurzbach 4, p.262f. | WZ, 04.07.1807, 16.12.1809, 27.10.1813

Internet Sources
Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 F19 Fleischer, Karl

Dates of Life
Born: 17??
Died: Wiener Neustadt / Lower Austria, 19.09.1808

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor (title): 18.06.1805 (w.r.f. 21.03.1805)
Retired: 18.06.1805

Elevation of Social Status
plain nobility (posthumous !): 01.11.1808 (with predicate: "von Aichenkranz")

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
Doerr, p.278 | Frank 2, p.24 | Frank-Döfering, 1512 | MilSchem | WZ, 21.12.1808

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 F20 Fleischer, Ludwig von

Dates of Life
Born: 1748
Died: Vienna, 27.02.1806

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 16.01.1797 (w.r.f. 09.01.1797)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 01.09.1805 (w.r.f. 04.09.1805)

Field Service (1792-1815)
Chief of the (Quartermaster) General Staff of the Army of the Rhine: 08.-09.1794
Chief of the (Quartermaster) General Staff of the Army of the Lower Rhine: 12.1795 – 07.1796

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Decoration of the Elisabeth Theresian Military Foundation: 1797

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
Auer, N°79 | MilSchem | Regele, p.29 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, p.108

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 F21 Fölseis, Joseph Ritter von
 

Dates of Life
Born: Wiener Neustadt / Lower Austria, 1760
Died: Olmütz (Olomouc) / Moravia, 03.01.1841

Promotions
Major: 04.03.1801
Oberstleutnant: 01.12.1805
Oberst: 16.02.1809
Generalmajor: 26.07.18131
Feldmarschalleutnant: 08.02.1825

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Fortress Commander of Olmütz: 08.02.1825 – 1830

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 24.10.1809
Order of the Iron Crown 3rd cl.: 12.02.1816
2nd Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°29: 13.12.1818 – 10.02.1840
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°29: 10.02.1840 – 03.01.1841
I.R. Privy Councillor: 1830

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
France:
Order of the Légion d'Honneur – OC: 1819
Sardinia-Piedmont:
Order of St. Maurice and St. Lazarus – GC

Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)
Joseph von Fölseis entered Austrian military service in 1776. After his promotion to general major in 1813, he commanded a brigade in Sommariva's division of the Army of Inner Austria. On 8 September of that year, he mounted a very successful ambush on GdB Belotti's Italian infantry brigade at Tersain, now in the mountains of Slovenia. He was again victorious against General Baron Jean-Pierre Piat's brigade at St. Hermagor on 18 September. This led to the seizure of the strategic Loibl Pass by the Austrians next day. In 1814 he was in the blockading force at Legnano. On 28 June 1815 he seized the vital Les Rousses pass from the French under Colonel Bugeaud. He died in 1841 in Olmütz (Moravia).

Printed Sources
Hirtenfeld 2, p.984f. | Hödl, IR29, pp.304, 318f., 564 | MilSchem | ÖBL 1, p.332 | ÖMKL 2, p.432f. | Sturm 1, p.366 | Wrede 1, p.324 | Wurzbach 4, p.270 | WZ, 31.07.1813, 14.10.1813, 20.02.1816

Internet Sources
Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes
1) Hödl, IR29, p.564: 06.08.1813 (?)

 

 F22 Fölseis, Karl von

Dates of Life
Born: 17??
Died: Lemberg (Lwów, L’viv) / Galicia, 10.10.1810

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 12.02.1809

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
MilSchem

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 F23 Folliot de Crenneville(-Poutet), Ludwig Karl Graf
 

Dates of Life
Born: Metz / Lorraine, 03.07.17631
Died: Vienna, 21.06.1840

Family Status
Married: 1810 Judith-Charlotte-Victoria Freiin von Poutet

Promotions
France:
[rank ?]
Into Austrian service: 01.04.1793
Major: 1798
Oberstleutnant: 1800
Oberst: 1800
Generalmajor: 09.03.1805 (w.r.f. 02.09.1805)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 27.04.1813
General der Kavallerie: 09.03.1831

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Commander of Fiume: 1806-1807/08
Grand Master of the Household to Archduke Rainer of Austria: 1823-1832
Lieutenant Captain of the First Arcièren Life Guard: 1835 – 21.06.1840

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 01.06.1814
Military Honor Cross 1813/14 (Army Cross 1813/14): ~ 1814
2nd Colonel-Proprietor of the Cuirassier Regiment N°2: 1814 – 21.06.1840
I.R. Privy Councillor: 1823
I.R. Chamberlain: 1798

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
Bavaria:
Civil Order of Merit of the Bavarian Crown – GC: 1833
Parma:
Constantinian Order of St. George – GC: 1826
Russia:
Order of St. Alexander Nevskij: 1833
Order of St. Anne 2nd cl.: 1814 / 1st cl.: before 1826
Sardinia-Piedmont:
Order of St. Maurice and St. Lazarus – GC: before 1826

Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)
Born on 3 July 1763 in Metz, Ludwig Karl Graf Folliot de Crenneville was descended from an old Norman family. He entered French military service in the military school in Pont-a-Mousson, then in Paris. In 1778 he became an officer in the French navy until 1791 by which time he was Lieutenant de Vasseau (Captain). In 1792 he emigrated and fought in the Corps Royal de la Marine, in various French colonies. In 1793 he was appointed Cadet in the Chevauxleger Regiment "Kaiser" N°1. In 1794, he was promoted to Unterleutnant and two years later attached to the General Quartermaster Staff. Crenneville distinguished himself at Schliengen and Würzburg and was promoted Oberleutnant. In 1797 he received his promotion to Captain and made director of the embarkation of the forces for the expedition to Istria and Dalmatia. In 1798 Crenneville went to St. Petersburg together with Prinz Ferdinand von Württemberg. On his return, he was promoted to Major and Flügeladjutant to Prinz Ferdinand. In 1799 he again accompanied Prinz Ferdinand to St. Petersburg.
In 1800 he volunteered for service at the front with Dragoon Regiment "Sachsen-Coburg" N°6. He fought at Engen, the Iller River and at Hohenlinden. Crenneville rose to be Oberst and commander of his regiment. When the regiment was disbanded in 1801, he became General-Adjutant to Erzherzog Carl and Director of the Marine Department. On 9 March 1805, he was promoted to Major General. In April of that year, he was sent to Venice to implement his plan for the defence of the city. After this Crenneville was appointed Adlatus to the General Quartermaster of the army in Germany under Erzherzog Ferdinand. He led the storm of Fort Oberhaus at Passau. He was then sent to Berlin to urge Prussia to join in the war but events overtook his mission.
In 1806 Crenneville was General of Command in Fiume. In winter 1807 he commanded an expedition to put down a rebellion in Slavonia, he then went to Bohemia as commander of a brigade. In the campaign of 1809 Crenneville commanded the advance guard of Kolowrat's army corps. He fought at the Regen and Naab rivers and at Linz.
In spring 1813 Count Folliot de Crenneville received his promotion to Feldmarschalleutnant. As division commander he was distinguished at the battle of Dresden by the capture of the Plauenschen Grund. On the subsequent retreat to Bohemia his division had very low casualties. Crenneville again distinguished himself at Leipzig and took a redoubt at Hochheim near Mainz, on 9 November, with two guns and a colour.
In 1814 he fought in the allied victory over GdD Baron Michael-Sylvestre Brayer at La Ferté-sur-Aube. He was also engaged at Arcis-sur-Aube on 20-21 March, where the Austrians defeated Napoleon, and distinguished himself again at the battle of Paris, where he took La Pissotte. Crenneville then captured Vincennes town (not the citadel). On 1 June the emperor awarded him the Military Maria Theresian Order (KC). He also was appointed to 2nd Colonel-Proprietor of the Cuirassier Regiment "Erzherzog Franz" N°2.
In 1815, Crenneville commanded the advance guard of the Austrian army in Piemont and fought at Meillerie on 21 June and at Grande Saxone and St Genix on 28 June; he also took Chalons and Lyon. He then retired to Ödenburg, but was recalled to organize the Austrian navy.
In 1823 Count Crenneville was appointed privy councillor and Grand Master of the Household to the Viceroy of Lombardy-Venetia, Erzherzog Rainer. In 1831 he was promoted to General of Cavalry and four years later to deputy commander (= Lieutenant Captain) of the First Arcièren Life Guard in Vienna, which post he hold until his death in 1840.

Printed Sources
ADB 48, p.616f. | Hirtenfeld 2, p.1178ff. | MD 2, p.83f. | MilSchem | ÖBL 1, p.335 | ÖMKL 1, p.800 | Petiot, p.184f. | Pickl, p.240 | Salis-Samaden, Carl von: General der Cavallerie Ludwig Carl Graf Folliot de Crenneville. Biographische Skizze, Vienna 1885 | Wrede 3, p.133 | Wurzbach 4, p.277ff. | WZ, 11.05.1813, 08.06.1813 | Zivkovic, Generalität, p.41

Internet Sources
Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes
1) MD, Petiot, Schmidt-Brentano: 03.07.1765 (?)

 

 F24 Fontanelli, Achilles Conte di
 

Dates of Life
Born: Modena, 18.11.1775
Died: Milan (Milano) / Lombardy, 22.08.18381

Family Status
Married (1): [unknown]
Married (2): Lucia Gräfin Frapolli, the widowed Gräfin Battaglia

Promotions
Italy (France):
General of Brigade: around 1801
General of Division: 1809
Into Austrian service: 1814
Feldmarschalleutnant: 31.12.1814

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Italy (France):
Minister of War and Naval Affairs: 1811-1814

Elevation of Social Status
Italy (France):
Conte: 26.04.1810

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
France:
Order of the Légion d'Honneur – CC: 1804 / GOC: 1809
Italy (France):
Order of the Iron Crown – CC: 1806 / GC: ~1809

Printed Sources
Lombroso, p.449ff. (wrong: d. 1837) | MilSchem | Wurzbach 4, p.286 (wrong: d. 1837)

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes
1) Schmidt-Brentano: 22.07.1839 (?)

 

 F25 Foullon, Ludwig Freiherr von
 

Dates of Life
Born: 17??
Died: Galicia, 17961

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 28.05.1794

Field Service (1792-1815)
Commander of the Austrian defence forces of Landrécies: 01.07. – 16.07.1794 (–)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
Bodart, p.294 | MilSchem

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes
1) Schmidt-Brentano: 1797 (?)

 

 F26 Fourquin, Joseph
Fourquin, Joseph von

Dates of Life
Born: Nancy / Lorraine / France, 11.01.1751
Died: Königgrätz (Hradec Králové) / Bohemia, 15.01.1822

Family Status
Married: 1782 Anne Marie von Steyer

Promotions
Major: 1793
Oberstleutnant: 1797
Oberst: 1801
Generalmajor: 15.08.1808
Feldmarschalleutnant: 08.10.1813

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Fortress Commander of Königgrätz: 1816 – 15.01.1822

Elevation of Social Status
plain nobility: 15.07.1806

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Printed Sources
Blasek/Rieger 1/I, pp.393, 467 | Frank 2, p.32 | Frank-Döfering, 1563 | MilSchem | Petiot, p.196f. | WZ, 03.09.1808

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 F27 Frankenbusch, Leopold Prokop Freiherr von
 

Dates of Life
Born: 17??
Died: 13.10.18161

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst: 1st H. 1797
Generalmajor: 16.12.17992 (w.r.f. 05.01.1800)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Decoration of the Elisabeth Theresian Military Foundation: 1807

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Printed Sources
Amon, IR20, p.278, 297 | Auer, N°83 | MilSchem

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes
1) Schmidt-Brentano: 18.10.1816 (?)
2) Amon, IR20, p.297: 16.07.1799 (?)

 

 F28 Freytag, Johann Arnold von

Dates of Life
Born: 17??
Died: 27.06.1801

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 30.04.1801 (w.r.f. 25.04.1801)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
MilSchem

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 F29 Frierenberger, Johann Wenzel Ritter von

Dates of Life
Born: Krumau (Český Krumlov) / Bohemia, 1759
Died: Kremsier (Kromĕříž) / Moravia, 11.02.1823

Promotions
Major: 03.1800
Oberstleutnant: 05.1807
Oberst: 02.1809
Generalmajor: 27.04.1813
Retired: 05.01.1820

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 28.05.1806

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
Russia:
Order of St. Anne 1st cl.: 1813 (1814 ?)

Printed Sources
Breslau 1913, p.107, N°187 | Gatti, ArtAk, p.92 | Hirtenfeld 2, p.809ff. | MilSchem | ÖMKL 2, p.555f. | Sturm 1, p.389 | Wurzbach 4, p.360 | WZ, 04.07.1807, 11.05.1813, 08.06.1813

Internet Sources
Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 F30 Frimont, Johann Maria Philipp von
Frimont von Palota, Johann Maria Philipp Freiherr
Frimont von Palota, Fürst von Antrodocco, Johann Maria Philipp Freiherr
Frimont von Palota, Fürst von Antrodocco, Johann Maria Philipp Graf
 

Dates of Life
Born: Castle Finstingen (Fénétrange) / Lorraine / France, 03.01.1759
Died: Vienna, 26.12.1831

Family Status
Married: 1809 Katharina Mitterbacher von Mitterburg

Promotions
Major: 01.03.1796
Oberstleutnant: 29.04.17971
Oberst: 25.04.1798
Generalmajor: 29.10.1800 (w.r.f. 09.01.1801)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 12.02.18092
General der Kavallerie: 02.09.18133

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Governor of the German Confederation Fortress of Mainz: 06.1814 – 12.03.1815
Commanding General in the Lombardy: 02.04.1815 – 10.10.1818
Commanding General in Venetia: (12.1818) 03.02.1819 – 14.06.1825
Commanding General in Lombardo-Venetia: 14.06.1825 – 11.1831
President of the Aulic War Council: 19.11.-26.12.1831

Field Service (1792-1815)
Commander of the Auxiliar-Corps: 02.-05.1813
Commander of the right wing Corps of the Army of Italy: 09.-10.1813
Commander of the left wing Corps of the Army of Italy: 10.1813
Commander of the Austrian army detachment of the Army of Bavaria: 11.1813 – 06.1814
Commander of the Army of Italy: 02.04.1815 – 10.1815
Commander of the Occupation-Corps in France: 10.1815 – 11.1818

Elevation of Social Status (Austria)
Freiherr: 25.03.1808 (with predicate: "von Palota")
Graf: 29.08.1831

Elevation of Social Status (Foreign Countries)
Naples-Sicily:
Principe (Fürst): 01.12.1821 (with title of honor: "di Antrodocco")

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 11.05.1796 / CC: 08.05.1809
Order of Leopold – CC: 27.07.1813 / GC: 17.06.1815
Order of the Iron Crown 1st cl.: 1821
Military Honor Cross 1813/14 (Army Cross 1813/14): ~ 1814
Colonel-Proprietor of the Hussar Regiment N°9: 09.05.1806 – 26.12.1831
I.R. Privy Councillor: 17.05.1815

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
Bavaria:
Military Order of Maximilian Joseph – GC
France:
Military Order of St. Louis – GC
Great Britain:
Order of Bath – GC: 1819
Naples-Sicily:
Order of St. Januarius: 1821
Order of St. Ferdinand and of Merit – GC: 1818
Military Order of St. George and of the Reunion – GC: 1821
Papal State:
Order of St. Gregor – GC (w.d.): 1831
Parma:
Constantinian Order of St. George – GC: 1827
Prussia:
Order of the Red Eagle 1st cl.: 1821
Russia:
Order of St. Alexander Nevskij
Order of St. Vladimir 1st cl.: 1821
Sardinia-Piedmont:
Order of the Annunziata

Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)
Johann Maria Philipp von Frimont was born on 3 January 1759 in Finstingen, Lorraine. His father was a French officer, who had resigned his commission. Frimont entered Austrian military service in 1776 as a trooper in Hussar Regiment "Wurmser" N°8. Because of his bravery he was commissioned during the War of the Bavarian Succession in 1778. Ten years later Frimont received promotion to Rittmeister (captain of cavalry) when he fought in the war against the Turks (1788). From 1790 he was stationed in Belgium under FML Graf Baillet de Latour. In April 1792, he was posted to the upper Rhine, under GdK Graf Wurmser. He was distinguished at Frankenthal and Mannheim in October 1795, for which he was awarded the Knight's Cross of the MMTO on 11 May 1796.
In 1798 Frimont was promoted Oberst and commander of the Jäger-Regiment zu Pferd "Bussy". The next year he served with his regiment in general Ott's corps at the sieges of Mantua and Ancona. Frimont distinguished himself in the clash at Novi on 6 November 1799. The same year he also suppressed a rebellion in Florence. He was again distinguished at the siege of Genoa in 1800, where he commanded a brigade in general Hohenzollern's division, and at the battle of Marengo on 14 June, where he commanded the Avantgarde. On 29 October 1800, he was promoted to Major General.
In 1805 Frimont served in Italy, commanding a brigade in Simbschen's division of Bellegarde's right wing. He fought at the battle of Caldiero on 29-31 October, then commanded the rearguard in the victorious clash at San Pietro Engu against GdB Comte Gabriel-Jean-Joseph Molitor on 4 November. In 1806 he was appointed to Austrian baron and proprietor of the Hussar Regiment N°9.
In 1809 Frimont received promotion to Feldmarschalleutnant. This year he again served at the Italian theatre of war, as commander of the 2nd Division in Chasteler's VIII Army Corps. He defeated GdD Loius-Michel-Antoine Sahuc at Pordenone on 15 April, and was again victorious at Sacile next day, against Prince Eugène de Beauharnais. He was then defeated by General Debroc at the rearguard action at Olmo on 2 May. Five days later he fought with distinction in the rearguard actions at the Piave River (7-8 May), at San Daniele del Friuli on 11 May and at Papa on 12 June. He then fought at the battle of Raab two days later. For this campaign he won the Commander's Cross of the MMTO.
In 1812 he was appointed commander of the Reserve Cavalry Division in the Austrian corps in Russia. He fought at Gorodeczna, Trycziner Hof and Wolkowysk. In August 1813, he commanded a division in the Army of Inner Austria, but on 2 September 1813 he was promoted to GdK and given command of a cavalry division in Italy. He fought at Villach, Bruneck and Tarvis in the victorious campaign against Prince Eugène. In the campaign of 1814 Frimont commanded the Austrian troops in the V Allied Corps at La Rothiere and at Bar-sur-Aube on 26-27 February, where Schwarzenberg defeated Marshal Oudinot. He was also engaged at Arcis-sur-Aube on 20-21 March, where the Austrians defeated Napoleon.
After the campaign, he was appointed governor of Mainz. In 1815 he was commander of the Austrian army in Italy and invaded southern France. On 10 April, he took the town of Carpi from Italian GdB Pepe. In 1821 the Emperor appointed him Commander-in-Chief of the Austrian army in Southern Italy against the revolutionary upraising in the Kingdom of Naples-Sicily. For his decisive action during this campaign the King of Sicily awarded him the title "Prince of Antrodocco" the same year. In 1831 he suppressed an uprising in northern Italy (Modena, Bologna, Ferrara, Parma) and was awarded the title Count. Shortly before his death Frimont was appointed president of the Aulic War Council (November 1831), but he died only one month later, on 26 December 1831.

Printed Sources
ADB 8, p.90f. | Amon, HR10, pp.169, 176 | Borus, p.37 | Breslau 1913, p.188, N°109 | BU 15, p.199ff. | Frank 2, p.47 | Frank-Döfering, 1590 | Hirtenfeld 2, p.857ff. | HKR-Präs, N°31 (p.53ff.) | Hollins, p.42f. | MD 2, p.99 | MilSchem | ÖBL 1, p.368f. | ÖMKL, p.556ff. | ÖMZ, year 1833, vol.1, p.280 ff. / vol.2, p.92ff. and 129ff.: Schönhals, Carl von: Biographie des k.k. Generals der Kavallerie und Hofkriegsraths-Präsidenten Grafen von Frimont, Fürsten von Antrodocco | Petiot, p.201ff. | Townsend, p.162 | Wrede (6), pp.20, 33 | Wrede 3, p.279 | Wurzbach 4, p.363ff. | WZ, 13.06.1814, 30.05.1815, 23.06.1815 | Zivkovic, Generalität, p.39 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, pp.4, 59, 60, 71, 131, 133, 134

Internet Sources
Ebert (http://www.napoleon-online.de/AU_Generale/html/frimont.html)
Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes
1) Amon, DR10, p.176 :28.04.1797 (?)
2) ÖMZ: 13.02.1809 (?)
3) ÖMZ: 13.10.1813 (?)

 

 F31 Frö(h)auf, Peter von

Dates of Life
Born: 17??
Died: (Brod / Slavonia ?), 17.07.1815

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 15.07.1812

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Fortress Commander of Brod: 03./04.1814 – 17.07.1815

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
MilSchem | WZ, 05.09.1812, 29.06.1814

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 F32 Fröhlich, Franz Freiherr von
 

Dates of Life
Born: Belovár / Croatia, 1771
Died: Troppau (Opava) / Austrian Silesia, 17.05.1813

Name Variants
also: Frehlich

Promotions
Major: 13.10.1803
Oberstleutnant: 27.11.1805
Oberst: 01.11.18071
Generalmajor: 24.05.1809

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 24.10.1809

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
Amon, HR10, pp.237f. (wrong: "Johann"), 257 (wrong: b. 1772) | Hirtenfeld 2, p.974f. | Hoen, 1809/IV, p.802, note 1 | MilSchem | ÖMKL 2, p.599f. | Wurzbach 4, p.348 (wrong: Oberst in 09.1808) | WZ, 01.07.1813

Internet Sources
Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes
1) according to Amon, HR10, p.257 (contrary to p.237f.: 13.08.1808 ?)

 

 F33 Fröhlich, Michael von

Dates of Life
Born: Marburg (Maribor) / Styria, 09.01.1740
Died: Troppau (Opava) / Austrian Silesia, 25.04.1814

Name Variants
also: Frehlich

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant: 1783
Oberst: 10.1788
Generalmajor: 29.09.1793 (01.01.1794 ?)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 04.03.1796 (w.r.f. 13.01.1796)

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Fortress Commander of Olmütz: 1803-1809

Field Service (1792-1815)
Commander of the Austrian forces during the siege of Ancona: 14.10.-13.11.1799 (+)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°28: 1799 – 25.04.1814

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)
Michael von Fröhlich was born on 9 January 1740 in Marburg (Styria). He served as an Austrian officer in the Seven Years War and reached the rank of colonel during the war against the Turks (1788/89). In this campaign Fröhlich successfully defended the fortress of Dobrozela against 10,000 Turks, with a garrison of only 1,500 men. On 29 September 1793, he was promoted to Major General. In August 1794 he was in the Austrian Netherlands in FML Werneck's division under Coburg's command. The next year he served on the middle Rhine under GdK Graf Wurmser and fought in the successful siege of Mannheim, which fell on 22 November. On 4 March 1796 he was promoted to Feldmarschalleutnant and divisional commander in FZM Baillet de Latour's left wing of FM Wurmser's Army of the Upper Rhine. When Wurmser left for Italy, Graf Baillet de Latour assumed command on the Rhine. On 29 July 1796, Fröhlich surrounded, disarmed and dispersed the unreliable contingents of the Swabian circle of the Empire. He also fought at the battle of Würzburg, after successfully harrying Moreau's troops in the Allgäu and Upper Swabian areas, in a series of clashes at Isny, Memmingen, Ravensburg, Wangen, Ratzenried and other places. From October 1796 to 2 February 1797, Fröhlich commanded the siege corps at Hüningen.
In 1799 Fröhlich served in Italy as commander of a division between the Piave and Tagliamento Rivers. In the same year, he was appointed Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°28. He was distinguished in the battles of Verona and Legnano (26 March) and Magnano on 5 April. From 14 October to 12 November, he besieged Ancona, taking it the next day.
After the Second Coalition War he was appointed fortress commander of Olmütz in Moravia (1803) which post he hold until 1809. Fröhlich died on 25 April 1814 in Troppau (Silesia).

Printed Sources
Bodart, p.347 | Milleker, p.94 (wrong: GM in 1792) | MilSchem | Schmedes, IR28, pp.104, 291 | Wrede 1, p.316 | Wurzbach 4, p.378f.

Internet Sources
Ebert (http://www.napoleon-online.de/AU_Generale/html/froehlich.html) (wrong: GM end 1795)
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 F34 Fronius, Christoph von

Dates of Life
Born: 17??
Died: (Kronstadt [Brassó] / Transylvania ?), 29.11.1818

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor (title): 23.05.1797 (w.r.f. 21.06.1797)
Retired: 23.05.1797

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Printed Sources
MilSchem

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 F35 Froon von Kirchrath, Joseph
Froon von Kirchrath, Joseph Freiherr
 

Dates of Life
Born: Vienna, 1740
Died: Vienna, 20.01.18211

Promotions
Major: 17842
Oberstleutnant: 1788
Oberst: 1789
Generalmajor: 24.02.1794 (w.r.f. 22.02.1794)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 18.02.1801
Feldzeugmeister (a.h.): 16.11.1812
Retired: 16.11.1812

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Fortress Vice-Commander of Olmütz: 1800-1801
Fortress Commander of Olmütz: 1809 – 16.11.1812

Elevation of Social Status
Freiherr: 07.02.1793

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 19.12.1790 / CC: 19.08.1793
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°54: 1805 – 20.01.1821

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Printed Sources
Blasek/Rieger 1/I, p.385 | Frank 2, p.50 | Gatti, IngAk, p.190 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.385ff. | MD 2, p.100 | MilSchem | ÖBL 1, p.375 | ÖMKL 2, p.564 | Wrede 1, p.493 | Wurzbach 4, p.385f. | WZ, 26.12.1812 | Zivkovic, Generalität, p.39

Internet Sources
Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes
1) Hirtenfeld, ÖMKL, Wurzbach, Schmidt-Brentano: 12.01.1821 (?)
2) Blasek/Rieger 1/I, p.385: 1783 (?)

 

 F36 Frossard, Markus Stephan Gabriel
Frossard, Markus Stephan Gabriel Freiherr von
 

Dates of Life
Born: 12.1757
Died: Switzerland, 30.11.1815

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant: 1794
Oberst: 26.09.1796
Generalmajor: 20.07.1797 (w.r.f. 04.07.1797)
Retired: 04.07.1797

Elevation of Social Status
Freiherr: 1794

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
Dedekind, DR11, p.233, 249, 701 | MilSchem | Wengen, DR13, p.570

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 F37 Fürstenberg(-Stühlingen), Karl Joseph Alois Fürst zu
 

Dates of Life
Born: Prague (Praha) / Bohemia, 26.06.1760
Died: KIA Stockach (Liptingen) / Anterior Austria, 25.03.1799

Family Status
Married: 1790 Elisabeth Prinzessin von Thurn und Taxis (1767-1822)

Promotions
Major: (1788)1
Oberstleutnant: (1788)1
Oberst: 02.11.1777 (1789)1
Generalmajor: 01.01.17902 (w.r.f. 12.03.1789)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 04.03.1796 (w.r.f. 12.02.1794)
Swabian Circle of the Empire:
Feldzeugmeister: around 1796

Field Service (1792-1815)
Commander of the Austrian forces during the siege of Hüningen: 27.11.1796 – 01.02.1797 (+)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°36: 1797 – 25.03.1799

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
Bavaria:
Order of St. Hubert: 1791

Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)
Karl Joseph Alois Fürst zu Fürstenberg was born on 26 June 1760 in Prague as the third son of Fürst Karl Egon and his wife, Josepha Gräfin von Sternberg-Manderscheid. The princely house of Fürstenberg was counted among the first houses of the Holy Roman Empire and in 1776, young Karl attended the autumn manoeuvres of the Austrian army and was invited to lunch at the imperial table. He entered the army next year and took to the field in the War of the Bavarian Succession in 1778/79, but saw no action. In 1780, the prince was promoted to captain in Infantry Regiment "Anton Esterházy" N°34. He fought in the wars against the Turks and was distinguished for the first time at the storming of the fortress of Sabac (then Schabatz), on the River Save, in Serbia on 27 April 1788. As a result, Fürstenberg was promoted to major and given command of a grenadier battalion a few days later, on 4 May. He was again greatly distinguished at the capture of Belgrade on 8 October 1789.
On 1 January 1790, he was promoted to Major General on the explicit recommendation of FM von Laudon. In April 1792, he was a brigade commander in the small corps of FML Fürst Esterházy, in Breisgau, on the upper Rhine, to protect Kehl. At the beginning of 1793, he was transferred to GdK Graf Wurmser's Army of the Upper Rhine, where he took command of the Avantgarde. In 1796 Fürstenberg was promoted to Feldmarschalleutnant and also to Feldzeugmeister of the Swabian Circle of the Holy Roman Empire. In 1796 he commanded a division in Baillet de Latour's Right Wing of FM Wurmser's Army of the Upper Rhine. In 1797 he was appointed proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°36. He was killed at Stockach on 25 March 1799, in the defeat at the hands of GdD Comte Jean-Baptiste Jourdan.

Printed Sources
ADB 8, p.226f. | Allmayer-Beck, p.74 | Bodart, p.318 | Eltz, Erwein H. – Strohmeyer, Arno (Ed.): Die Fürstenberger. 800 Jahre Herrschaft und Kultur in Mitteleuropa. Katalog zur Niederösterreichischen Landesausstellung Schloß Weitra, Korneuburg 1994, p.400, N°I/56 | Kreipner, IR34, pp.171, 213ff. | MD 2, p.102 | MilSchem | ÖMKL 2, p.575f. | Ritter, p.748ff. | Sturm 1, p.403 | Wrede 1, p.375 | Wurzbach 5, p.20f.

Internet Sources
Ebert (http://www.napoleon-online.de/AU_Generale/html/fuerstenberg.html)
Marek (http://genealogy.euweb.cz/furstbg/furstenbg3.html)
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
Theroff (http://pages.prodigy.net/ptheroff/gotha/furstenberg.html)

Notes
1) Although Emperor Joeph II. abolished 1777 the convention with the sovereign princely house of Fürstenberg concerning a hereditary Fürstenberg regiment within the Austrian army, the young prince Karl Joseph retained holding the rank of colonel (since 2 November 1777). When he entered the Austrian military service he only was ordered to learn his duty from the bottom up as any other officer.
2) Kreipner, IR34, p.213: 29.12.1789 (?)

 

 F38 Fürstenwerther, Burgsass(en) zu Odenbach, Friedrich Karl Ludwig Freiherr von
 

Dates of Life
Born: Meißenheim / Baden, 17.07.1769
Died: Baden / Lower Austria, 05.06.18561

Family Status
Married: 1799 Antonie Tapp von Tappenburg (17??-1817)

Promotions
Major: E.12.1799
Oberstleutnant: 05.1806
Oberst: 05.1809
Generalmajor: 02.09.1813
Feldmarschalleutnant: 27.11.1827

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Fortress Commander of Mantua: 1836-1839
Lieutenant Captain of the First Arcièren Life Guard: 1841 – 05.06.1856

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°56: 1825 – 05.06.1856
I.R. Privy Councillor: 1847
I.R. Chamberlain: 1818

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
Papal State:
Order of St. Gregor – GC: 1839
Parma:
Constantinian Order of St. George – CC: 1827

Printed Sources
MD 2, p.102 | MilSchem | MZ, year 1856, N°47 (from 14.06.1856), p.378f. | Pickl, p.268 | Wrede 1, p.508 | Wurzbach 5, p.24f. | WZ 02.12.1809, 09.09.1813

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes
1) MD, Wurzbach, MZ: 04.06.1856 (?) / Schmidt-Brentano: both dates of death

 

 F39 Fürthenburg, Kaspar Freiherr von
 

Dates of Life
Born: 17??
Died: (Josephstadt [Josefov u Jaromere] / Bohemia ?), 19.02.1799

Name Variants
also: Furtenburg

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 06.03.1793 (w.r.f. 30.10.1791)

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
City and Fortress Commander of Josephstadt: 1793 (?) – 1799

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
MilSchem

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 F40 Fugger zu Glött, Ernst Thomas Joseph Graf von
 

Dates of Life
Born: 22.12.1726
Died: Innsbruck / Tyrol, 04.06.1799

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 15.05.1784 (w.r.f. 03.05.1784)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
MilSchem

Internet Sources
Marek (http://genealogy.euweb.cz/fugger/fugger1.html)
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 F41 Funk von Senftenau, Benjamin Friedrich
 

Dates of Life
Born: 20.02.1746
Died: Olmütz (Olomouc) / Moravia, 26.01.1812

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor (title): 26.08.1811
Retired: 26.08.1811

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
MilSchem

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 F42 Funk von Senftenau, Karl
 

Dates of Life
Born: Ansbach / (Brandenburg-)Ansbach, 1744
Died: 1806

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 01.09.1793 (w.r.f. 12.12.1791)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 17.04.1797 (w.r.f. 18.04.1797)
Retired: 11.1800
Quit: 01.05.1805

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 19.12.1790

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)
Karl Funk von Senftenau was born in 1744 in Ansbach. On 1 September 1793, he was promoted to Generalmajor. In 1794, Funk commanded a mixed brigade in Hotze's corps, defending their front against the Armée de la Moselle. In late 1796 he was part of Wurmser's force, unsuccessfully trying to relieve Mantua. On 12 September he and GM Ott were involved in mounting an ambush on the 12e Demi-brigade d'Infanterie Léger under GdB Charles-Françoise Charton at Castellaro, near Mantua. General Charton was killed, Chef-de-Brigade Mazel Du Goulot, 8 officers and 400 men were captured. On 17 April 1797, Funk was promoted to FML. He retired in November 1800 and died in 1806.

Printed Sources
Hirtenfeld 1, p.313f. | MilSchem | Wurzbach 5, p.35 (w/o date of death)

Internet Sources
Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 F43 Fusco di Mataloni, (Peter) Alfons Graf
 

Dates of Life
Born: 17??
Died: Vienna, 28.05.1828

Name Variants
(French) Pierre-Alphonse Fusco, Comte de Mataloni

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 22.07.1809

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
I.R. Chamberlain

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Printed Sources
Guillaume, p.322 | MilSchem

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


Placed on the Napoleon Series: April 2008

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