Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics



  By Leopold Kudrna, with Biographical Essays by Digby Smith.



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Austrian Generals

1792-1815

H

Haan to Hutten


 

 H1 Haan, Wilhelm Freiherr von
 

Dates of Life
Born: 17??
Died: (Arad / Hungary ?), 26.04.17961

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant: 28.09.1773
Oberst: 08.04.1783
Generalmajor: 04.03.17892

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Fortress Commandant of Arad: before 1793 – 26.04.1796

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
Dedekind, DR11, pp.228, 664, 711 | MilSchem

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes
1) Schmidt-Brentano: 29.04.1796 (?)
2) Dedekind, DR11, p.711: 19.03.1789 (?)

 

 H2 Hadik von Futak, Andreas Graf
 

Dates of Life
Born: Ofen (Buda) / Hungary, 12.05.1764
Died: Marczaltö / Com. Veszprém / Hungary, 18.06.1840

Family Status
Brother of H3
Married: Maria Freiin Raßler von Gammerschwang (1783-1854)

Promotions
Major: 1779
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 06.03.1800 (w.r.f. 16.11.1799)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 16.05.1809
General der Kavallerie: 26.10.1827

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Military Commander in Austrian Silesia (Troppau): 11.1820 – 02.1821

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
2nd Colonel-Proprietor of the Hussar Regiment N°6: 1819 – 18.06.1840
I.R. Privy Councillor: 1827
I.R. Chamberlain: 1790

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
Bavaria:
Civil Order of Merit of the Bavarian Crown – GC: E.1814/1815
France:
Order of the Légion d'Honneur – GOC: E.1814/1815
Württemberg:
Order of Frederick: 1832

Printed Sources
Amon, IR20, p.210 | Ebert, p.(40) | MD 2, p.157 | MilSchem | Pickl, p.286 | Wrede 3, p.261 | (Wurzbach 7, p.169) | WZ, 26.05.1815 | Zivkovic,
Generalität, p.40 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, p.74

Internet Sources
Marek (http://genealogy.euweb.cz/hung/hadik1.html)
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 H3 Hadik von Futak, Karl Joseph Graf

Dates of Life
Born: Leutschau (Löcse, Levoca) / Com. Szepes / Hungary, 28.10.1756
Died: WIA Marengo / Piedmont, 14.06.1800 à Alessandria / Piedmont, 24.07.1800

Name Variants
wrong: Haddik

Family Status
Brother of H2
Married: 1781 Maria Theresia Gräfin Kolowrat-Krakowsky (1756-1844)

Promotions
Major: 29.05.1779
Oberstleutnant: 01.05.1784
Oberst: 07.1789
Generalmajor: 24.02.1794 (w.r.f. 16.02.1794)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 10.04.1797

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 07.07.1794 / CC: 29.04.1797

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)
Karl Joseph Graf Hadik von Futak was born in 1756 in Leutschau (now Levoca in Slovenia) in Hungary. He was the son of FM Andreas Graf Hadik, who had raided Berlin in the Seven Years War. He entered Austrian military service in the cavalry and was promoted to captain on 1 March 1766 and to Major on 29 May 1779, in his father's Hussar Regiment. On 1 May 1784, he was promoted to Oberstleutnant. Hadik fought in the War of the Bavarian Succession in 1779 and was distinguished in the raid on Gebersdorf. He also fought in the wars against the Turks in 1788/89 and was distinguished at Belgrade. In July 1789, he was promoted to Oberst and made commander of Hussar Regiment "Graf von Blankenstein" N°16.
In 1792 Count Hadik commanded his hussar regiment in the Netherlands and on 29 September, forced the crossing of the Sambre against superior forces. He fought in the Austrian defeat at Jemappes on 6 November of that year. In 1793 he again distinguished himself in the action at the crossing of the Sambre. On 16 October 1793 he held up a far superior French force all day on 16 October; for which he was promoted Generalmajor on 24 February 1794. The same year in April, he commanded a cavalry brigade in (Baillet de) Latour's division of the Prince of Orange's corps in the Netherlands. On 7 July 1794, he was awarded the Military Maria Theresian Order (KC). In 1795 Hadik commanded a brigade in Clerfayt's Army of the Lower Rhine, in Germany, and in 1796, he served in Erzherzog Carl's Army of the Lower Rhine and fought at Wetzlar, Amberg, Würzburg and Aschaffenburg. For his actions at Würzburg, on 29 April 1797, he was awarded the Commander's Cross of the MMTO. On 10 April 1797, Hadik received his promotion to Feldmarschalleutnant. Early in 1800 he commanded a division in Novara and fought at Cadibona, in the siege of Genoa and at the battle of Novi on 15 August. He commanded a corps (although still an FML) at Marengo, where he was mortally wounded. He died on 24 July 1800 in Alessandria.

Printed Sources
Allmayer-Beck, p.76 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.518ff. | MD 2, p.157 | MilSchem | Wenzlik-Ebert, p.11f. | ÖMKL 3, p.8f. (wrong: GM on 16.01.1794) | Wurzbach 7, p.170f.

Internet Sources
Ebert (http://www.napoleon-online.de/AU_Generale/html/hadik.html)
Jewison/Steiner
Marek (http://genealogy.euweb.cz/hung/hadik1.html)
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 H4 Haecht, Joseph von
 

Dates of Life
Born: 17??
Died: Olmütz (Olomouc) / Moravia, 28.11.18301

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst: 01.08.1810
Generalmajor: 26.07.18132
Retired: 19.09.1819

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Decoration of the Elisabeth Theresian Military Foundation: 1824

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
Rußland:
Order of St. Vladimir 3rd cl.: 1815

Printed Sources
Anonym, DR2, p.371 | Auer, N°114 | Dedekind, DR11, pp.372, 380, 664, 720 | MilSchem | Tomaschek, DR8, p.686 | WZ, 31.07.1814, 14.10.1813, 18.10.1815

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes
1) Schmidt-Brentano: 29.11.1830 (?)
2) Dedekind, DR11, pp.380 and 711: 06.08.1813 (?)

 

 H5 Häring, Ferdinand von
Häring, Ferdinand Freiherr von

Dates of Life
Born: Neustadtl (Stráž) / Bohemia, 08.03.1732
Died: Budweis (České Budějovice) / Bohemia, 04.02.1822

Family Status
Father-in-law of S80 (Smola)

Promotions
Major: 2nd H. 1788
Oberstleutnant: 30.09.1793
Oberst: 08.07.1797
Generalmajor: 15.12.1802 (w.r.f. 06.12.1802)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 01.09.1809
Feldzeugmeister: 27.04.1813
Retired: 27.04.1813

Elevation of Social Status
Freiherr: 23.04.1794

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 19.12.1790

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Printed Sources
Frank 2, p.151 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.306 | MD 2, p.158 | MilSchem | ÖMKL 3, p.10f. | Sturm 1, p.510 | Wurzbach 7, p.182f. | WZ, 11.05.1813, 08.06.1813 | Zivkovic, Generalität, p.39

Internet Sources
Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 H6 Hager von Altensteig, Franz Alois Freiherr
 

Dates of Life
Born: 13.09.1722
Died: Vienna, 26.12.1812

Name Variants
also: Haager / also: Alentsteig, Allensteig

Family Status
Father of H7
Married (1): 1753 Marianne Gräfin Schlick zu Passaun (1725-1787)
Married (2): Maria Eleonore Gräfin von Trauttmansdorff

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 08.12.1758 (w.r.f. 08.03.1758)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 04.11.1792 (w.r.f. 28.12.17661)

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Fortress Commandant of Olmütz: after 1758 - ?
Grand Master of the Household to Archduke Rainer of Austria: ? – 26.12.1812

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Order of Leopold – GC: 07.01.1809
Decoration of the Elisabeth Theresian Military Foundation: 1771
I.R. Privy Councillor

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
Auer, N°112 | MD 2, p.156 | MilSchem | ÖMKL 3, p.21 (wrong: b. 1719) | Wurzbach 6, p.93 | WZ, 09.03.1808, 07.01.1809, 02.02.1813

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes
1) sic ! (according to Schmidt-Brentano, Generale)

 

 H7 Hager von Altensteig, Johann Nepomuk Freiherr

Dates of Life
Born: 08.06.1761
Died: Temesvár / Com. Temes / Hungary, 25.10.1822

Name Variants
also: Haager / also: Alentsteig, Allensteig

Family Status
Son of H6
Married: 1809 Maria Magdalena von Illéssy (1793-1858)

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 22.01.1808 (w.r.f. 26.06.1805)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 27.11.1812

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Commanding General ad interim in the Banat: 07.1813 – 02.1821
Fortress Commandant of Temesvár: 1821 – 25.10.1822

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
I.R. Privy Councillor: 1820/21
I.R. Chamberlain

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Printed Sources
Böhm 1, pp.414, 415 | MD 2, p.156 | MilSchem | Preyer, p.115 | Wurzbach 6, p.93f. | WZ, 20.02.1808, 29.12.1812 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, p.69

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 H8 Hahn, Joseph (Freiherr ?) von
 

Dates of Life
Born: 17??
Died: Raab (Györ) / Hungary, 26.04.18061

Name Variants
also: Hann

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 27.02.1793 (w.r.f. 21.06.1791)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
MilSchem

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes
1) Schmidt-Brentano: 28.04.1806 (?)

 

 H9 Hainess, Johann von
 

Dates of Life
Born: 17??
Died: Pest / Hungary, 10.11.1806

Name Variants
also: Heiness

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant: (23.11.?)1781
Oberst: 30.05.1788
Generalmajor: 09.02.17901 (w.r.f. 03.02.1790)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
MilSchem | Pizzighelli, DR10, pp.187, 190 | Wengen, DR13, pp.508, 517

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes
1) Pizzighelli, DR10, p.190: 06.02.1790 (?)

 

 H10 Haller von Hallerstein, Gabriel Graf

Dates of Life
Born: 17??
Died: 07.1793

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 29.07.1753

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
MilSchem

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 H11 Hammer, Anton von

Dates of Life
Born: Leténye / Com. Zala / Hungary, 28.10.1749
Died: Vienna, 14.11.1823

Promotions
Major: 1800
Oberstleutnant: 1805
Oberst: 2nd H. 1805
Generalmajor: 24.05.1809
Retired: 1809

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Printed Sources
Hödl, IR29, pp.237, 252, 604 (wrong: b. 1750) | Hoen, 1809/IV, p.802, Anm.1 | Leitner 2, p.93 | MilSchem | Svoboda 1, col.53

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 H12 Hannekart, Johann Sylvius Michael Ritter von
 

Dates of Life
Born: 27.04.1726
Died: (Ofen / Hungary ?), 25.06.1804

Name Variants
also: Hannekarth

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst: 1784
Generalmajor: 10.11.17881 (w.r.f. 15.11.1788)

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Fortress Commandant of Ofen (Buda): before 1793 – 25.06.1804

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
May, IR35 (wrong: "Josef Freiherr v. H."), pp.93, 98 | MilSchem | (Wurzbach 7, p.320f.)

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes
1) May, IR35, p.98: 04.11.1788 (?)

 

 H13 Hardegg auf Glatz und im Machlande, (Johann) Anton Leonhard Graf von
 

Dates of Life
Born: Vienna, 08.10.1773
Died: Vienna, 26.12.1825

Family Status
Brother of H14 and H15

Promotions
Major: 17.08.1799
Oberstleutnant: 14.01.1801
Oberst: 12.1805
Generalmajor: 24.05.1809
Retired: 16.05.1812
Reactivated: 26.07.1813
Feldmarschalleutnant: 20.10.1813
Retired: 17.10.1817

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 28.05.1806

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
Bavaria:
Military Order of Maximilian Joseph – CC
Russia:
Order of St. Anne 1st cl.

Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)
Anton Graf von Hardegg auf Glatz und im Machlande was born on 8 October 1773 in Vienna. He entered military service 1786, first in the infantry and later changed to the Engineers. He was again dinguished during the sieges of Mantua in 1796 and at those of Turin and Serravalle in 1799. For distinguished conduct in the battle of Caldiero in 1805 he was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Military Maria Theresian Order and at the end of that year received his promotion to Oberst. During the campaign of 1809 Hardegg commanded a cavalry regiment. After the battle of Aspern, he was promoted Generalmajor on 24 May 1809. At Wagram, he commanded a mixed brigade in II Corps and in 1813 he was promoted to Feldmarschalleutnant on the field of Leipzig on 20 October.
The 1814 campaign Anton Hardegg served as a divisional commander in France. He was also engaged at Arcis-sur-Aube on 20/21 March, where he was wounded. Two years later he retired due to the effects of his wound. He died on 26 December 1825 in Vienna.

Printed Sources
Hirtenfeld 2, p.786ff. | Hoen, 1809/IV, p.802, note 1 | MilSchem | Nekrolog 1825/2, p.1642 | ÖBL 2, p.186 | ÖMKL 3, p.51f. | Wurzbach 7, p.345ff. | WZ, 27.10.1813

Internet Sources
Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 H14 Hardegg auf Glatz und im Machlande, (Johann) Heinrich Graf von
 

Dates of Life
Born: Vienna, 14.05.1778
Died: Vienna, 11.06.1854

Family Status
Brother of H13 and H15

Promotions
Major: 04.01.1806
Oberstleutnant: 01.11.18071
Oberst: 27.05.1809
Quit: 15.08.1810
Reactivated: 1813
Generalmajor: 26.12.18132
Feldmarschalleutnant: 07.02.1828
General der Kavallerie: 03.03.1843

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Inspector of the Remount Branch: 08.1814 – 11.06.1854

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 24.10.18093
Order of Leopold – CC: 1819 / GC: 20.04.1854
Colonel-Proprietor of the Cuirassier Regiment N°7: 02.11.1826 – 11.06.1854
I.R. Privy Councillor: 09.02.1836
I.R. Chamberlain

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
Combined Saxonian Duchies:
Ernestine House Order – GC: 1847

Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)
Heinrich Graf von Hardegg auf Glatz und im Machlande was born on 14 May 1778 in Vienna. He entered Austrian military service in 1794 in the cavalry. In 1796 he was distinguished at the storm of Giessen by the French on 8 July, when he saved GM Schellenberg from capture. In 1807 he was promoted to Oberstleutnant. During the 1809 campaign Hardegg fought at Landshut, Aspern, Wagram and Znaim. For his actions he was promoted Oberst and awarded the Military Maria Theresian Order (KC). From 1810 to 1813 he was a civilian but returned to fight in the 1813 campaign. He fought at Dresden and Leipzig as a cavalry Oberst in the Reserve Corps, Army of Bohemia. At the end of 1813 Heinrich Graf Hardegg was promoted to Generalmajor. After 1815 he became Inspector of Remounts and did much to improve horse breeding in Austria. He died in Vienna in 1854.

Printed Sources
Hirtenfeld 2, p.1051f. | MilSchem | ÖBL 2, p.186f. | ÖMKL 3, p.56f. | Riedl, UR3, p.267, 334f. (wrong: b. 1777) | Victorin, DR7, p.401 | Wrede 3, p.165 | Wurzbach 7, p.355ff. | WZ, 18.11.1807, 23.12.1809, 04.06.1814 | Zivkovic, Generalität, p.42 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, p.18

Internet Sources
Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes
1) Riedl, UR3, p.334f.: 11.11.1807 (?)
2) Riedl, UR3, p.335: 26.10.1813 (?)
3) Riedl, UR3, p.335: 10.07.1809 (?)

 

 H15 Hardegg auf Glatz und im Machlande, (Johann) Ignaz Graf von
 

Dates of Life
Born: 30.07.1772
Died: Vienna, 17.02.1848

Family Status
Brother of H13 and H14
Married: 1803 Aloisia Gräfin von Gilleis (17??-1843)

Promotions
Major: 04.07.1800
Oberstleutnant: 1804
Oberst: 1805
Generalmajor: 24.05.1809
Feldmarschalleutnant: 02.09.1813
General der Kavallerie: 30.12.1831

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Military Commander in Upper Austria (Linz): 12.1829 – 11.1830
Commanding General in Transylvania: 11.1830 – 07.1831
Commanding General in Galicia: 07.-12.1831
Vice-President of the Aulic War Council: 12.1831 – 08.1834
President of the Aulic War Council: 08.1834 – 17.02.1848

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Order of the Golden Fleece: 1836
Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 11.05.1796 / CC: 08.04.1810
Order of Leopold – GC: 1839
Military Honor Cross 1813/14 (Army Cross 1813/14): ~ 1814
2nd Colonel-Proprietor of the Cuirassier Regiment N°8: 18.10.1813 – 24.09.1831
Colonel-Proprietor of the Cuirassier Regiment N°8: 24.09.1831 – 17.02.1848
I.R. Privy Councillor: 11.1830
I.R. Chamberlain: 1801

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
Hannover:
Guelphic Order – GC: 1841
Parma:
Constantinian Order of St. George – GC: 1834
Prussia:
Order of the Black Eagle: 1841
Russia:
Order of St. Andrew: 1846
Order of St. Alexander Nevskij: 1823 / w.d.: 1832
Order of St. George 3rd cl.: 22.[10.]12.1813
Order of St. Vladimir 2nd cl.: 1822
Order of St. Anne 1st cl. / w.d.
Saxony:
Order of the Rue Crown: 1842

Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)
Ignaz Graf von Hardegg auf Glatz und im Machlande was born on 30 July 1772; He entered military service in May 1789 as Unterleutnant in the Chevauxleger Regiment "Kinsky" N°7 and fought under FM Laudon against the Turks. He changed as Oberleutnant to Hussar Regiment "Esterhazy" N°32. At the beginning of the Revolutionary Wars Hardegg served in the Austrian Netherlands. He was present at Valmy and Jemappes and distinguished himself at Düren in December 1792. In 1793 he was promoted Lieutenant Captain in the Cuirassier Regiment "Hohenzollern" N°4 (later N°8) and "Galopin" (a sort of ADC) to GdK Graf Wurmser. Hardegg fought at Bienwald, Weissenburg lines, distinguished himself at Uttenhofen on 26 November where, with two squadrons of the Dragoon Regiment "Kaiser" N°1 he defeated the French attack on GM Hotze's flank at Reichshofen. Distinguished again on 28 November at Neuburg on the River Motter. In 1794 he served with distinction on the upper Rhine and the following year the young count was again distinguished in the Austrian victory at Handschuhsheim on 24 September, where he took six squadrons of GM Klenau's cavalry, overthrew a superior French cavalry force, wounded and captured GdD Georges-Joseph Dufour and took three guns and a standard. For this, he was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Military Maria Theresian Order. Dufour's biography in Six states that this action took place on 18 September.
In 1796 Hardegg was again on the upper Rhine, where he fought at Malsch, Canstatt, Esslingen, Neresheim, Biberach, Emmendingen and Kehl. In 1797 he fought at Diersheim, Hanau and was distinguished at the Rench River on 20 / 21 April.
In 1799 he was again on the upper Rhine and fought at Ostrach, Stockach, the relief of Philippsburg and at Mannheim. At the end of the year he transferred to the Hussar Regiment "Esterhazy" N°3 as a squadron commander. In 1800 he was at Freiburg on the upper Rhine and he fought at Stockach, Engen, Mösskirch, Biberach, Memmingen, Erbach, the Iller River, Ulm, Neuburg, Deussenhausen, Vettenhausen and Deubach, where he was wounded. On 4 July 1800 he was promoted to Major. On 10 December he transferred to Dragoon Regiment (vacant) N°13 and was then appointed Flügel-Adjutant to Erzherzog Ferdinand in Ödenburg.
In 1804 Hardegg received his promotion to Oberstleutnant in the Hussar Regiment "Ott" N°5. He then transferred to Uhlan Regiment "Schwarzenberg" N°2.
Already the following year he was promoted to Oberst and given command of Uhlan Regiment N°2, but he then fell ill until December 1805. In 1809 he was appointed commander of the advance guard of FML Hennequin's division (three Jäger Battalions and Uhlan Regiment N°2) and was distinguished in the storm of Berchnig and at Aspern. The day after the victorious battle he was promoted to Generalmajor and given command of a brigade in II Army Corps at Wagram, where he defended Baumersdorf village with seven battalions against the repeated assaults of Prince Eugene, Marmont and Oudinot and then formed the rearguard of the Austrian army from 6-11 July. For his distinguished service in the campaign of 1809 he he was awarded the Commander's Cross of the MMTO in April 1810.
In 1813 Count Ignaz Hardegg was initially commanding a brigade in FML Moritz Liechtenstein's 1st Light Division. He was then promoted to Feldmarschalleutnant on 2 September and given command of a division in I Corps. He commanded Bennigsen's advance guard of the Reserve Army of Poland, until relieved by Russian troops. He then made a forced march to arrive on the battlefield of Leipzig at dawn on 18 October. As he led the advance guard of the left wing (Prince Hessen-Homburg) Hardegg was seriously wounded at Dölitz. For these actions, he was awarded the Russian Order of St. George 3rd cl. and appointed 2nd Proprietor of the Cuirassier Regiment N°8. After his recovery he returned to the army and fought at Nogent-sur-Seine on 10/11 February, against GdD Louis-Auguste-Victor Bourmont Comte de Ghaisnes. On 15 February 1814, he stormed Moret village. After the battle of Montereau his division was sent to the Army of the South at Dijon against Augereau. On 3 March, he occupied Chalons and on 11 March Bourg-en-Bresse. From 18-30 March, he fought around Lyons. In 1815 he accompanied the Russian Czar Alexander I.
In 1829 Count Hardegg was appointed Military Commander in Linz and in November 1830 appointed Commanding General in Transylvania together with the appointment to Privy Councillor. After the death of Grand Duke Constantin of Russia he was awarded the proprietorship of the Cuirassier Regiment N°8 (September 1831). At the end of that year Ignaz Graf Hardegg was promoted to General of Cavalry and Vice President of the Aulic War Council. Three years later he became President of this highest military office. In 1836 Emperor Ferdinand I. awarded him the Order of the Golden Fleece. Hardegg died on 17 February 1848 in Vienna.

Printed Sources
Hirtenfeld 2, p.889ff. | Hoen, 1809/IV, p.802, Anm.1 | HKR-Präs, N°32 (p.55f.) | MD 2, p.165 | MilSchem | ÖMKL 3, p.52ff. | ÖMZ, year 1848, vol.2, p.117ff.: Heller, Friedrich: Nekrolog des k.k. Generals der Kavallerie und Hofkriegsraths-Präsidenten, Ignaz Grafen von Hardegg | Pickl, p.286 (wrong: d. 15.07.1848) | Tomaschek, DR8, pp.320, 379, 683 | Wrede 3, p.175 | Wrede (6), p.20 | Wurzbach 7, p.359ff. (wrong: d. 15.02.1848) | WZ, 09.09.1813 | Zivkovic, Generalität, p.41 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, pp.4, 58, 64, 73

Internet Sources
Boettger
Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
Vederman ("Garbek")

 

 H16 Harnoncourt, Joseph Ludwig Mathias Graf de la Fontaine von

Dates of Life
Born: Sorbey / Lorraine, 25.02.1736 (baptism)
Died: Harnoncourt near Rouvroy / United Netherlands (Belgium), 30.06.1816

Name Variants
(French) Joseph-Louis-Mathieu Comte de La Fontaine et d’Harnoncourt

Family Status
Married: 1787 Leopoldine Gräfin Unverzagt (1762-1837)

Promotions
Major: 01.02.1771
Oberstleutnant: 03.01.1772
Oberst: 01.01.1773
Generalmajor: 10.04.1783 (w.r.f. 29.04.1783)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 16.01.1790 (w.r.f. 18.02.1790)
General der Kavallerie: 10.04.1801 (w.r.f. 04.04.1801)
Retired: 1806
Quit: 06.1811

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Adlatus of the Commanding General in Galicia / (since 1796) East-Galicia: 01.1793 – 01.1797
Commanding General in East-Galicia: 01.1797 – 04.1800
Adlatus of the Commanding General in Upper Austria, Lower Austria and Anterior Austria: 1800/01 – 1804
Vice-President of the Military Appellate Court: 12.1802 – 11.1806
Vice-Commandant of the City and Fortress Vienna: 1804/05 – 1806

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
2nd Colonel-Proprietor of the Cuirassier Regiment N°29 / (since 1798:) N°2: 1789 – 06.1811
I.R. Chamberlain

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
Anonym, DR2, p.391 | Harnoncourt, Hubert Graf d’: Gesammelte Nachrichten über die Familie der Grafen de la Fontaine-d’Harnoncourt-Unverzagt, Vienna 1894, pp.19, 234, 243, 321f. and appendix | MilSchem | Petiot, p.277f. | Wrede 3, p.133 | Zivkovic, Generalität, p.37 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, pp.34, 63

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 H17 Harrach zu Rohrau, Alois Ernst Graf von

Dates of Life
Born: Vienna, 21.06.1728
Died: Baden / Lower Austria, 19.06.1800

Family Status
Brother of H19
Uncle of H18
Unmarried

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst: 15.12.1758
Generalmajor: 05.08.1760 (w.r.f. 27.04.1759)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 01.05.1773 (w.r.f. 28.04.1767)

Chivalric Order
Knight of the Teutonic Order: 1751
Coadjutor of the Bailiwick Austria: 1783-1786
Governor (Statthalter) of the Bailiwick Austria: 1786-1787
Province Commander (Landkomtur) of the Bailiwick Austria: 1787 – 19.06.1800

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
I.R. Privy Councillor

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Printed Sources
Buschek, IR23, I, pp.383, 426, 474, 813 | MD 2, p.167 | MilSchem | ÖMKL 3, p.66 (wrong: Teutonic Knight in 1748 / GM in 1765) | Oldenhage, p.76 | Wurzbach 7, p.368

Internet Sources
Marek (http://genealogy.euweb.cz/bohemia/harrach2.html)
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 H18 Harrach zu Rohrau, Alois Leonhard Graf von

Dates of Life
Born: 11.01.1767
Died: Vienna, 02.02.1827

Family Status
Nephew of H17 and H19

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst: 1805
Generalmajor: 12.02.1809
Feldmarschalleutnant: 29.10.1813
Retired: 30.08.1818

Chivalric Order
Knight of the Teutonic Order
Commander of the Teutonic Order

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
I.R. Privy Councillor: 1818
I.R. Chamberlain

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Printed Sources
Gatti, IngAk, p.325 | MD 2, p.167 | MilSchem

Internet Sources
Marek (http://genealogy.euweb.cz/bohemia/harrach2.html)
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 H19 Harrach zu Rohrau, Ferdinand Johann Nepomuk Graf von
 

Dates of Life
Born: Rohrau / Lower Austria, 11.11.1740
Died: Vienna, 27.09.1796

Family Status
Brother of H17
Uncle of H18
Married: Josepha Theresia Baum von Appelshofen

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant: 19.01.1770
Oberst: 1772
Generalmajor: 13.11.1778 (w.r.f. 06.11.1778)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 27.05.17891 (w.r.f. 23.04.1789)

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Lieutenant Captain of the First Arcièren Life Guard: 30.03.1792 – 27.09.1796

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 19.12.1790
Colonel-Proprietor of the Cuirassier Regiment N°21: 23.08.1786 – 10.02.1790
2nd Colonel-Proprietor of the Chevauxleger Regiment N°1: 10.02.1790 – 27.09.1796
I.R. Chamberlain

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
Hirtenfeld 1, p.302f. | Megerle, p.288 | MD 2, p.167 | MilSchem | ÖMKL 3, p.65f. | Pizzighelli, DR10, pp.180, 184, 421 | Victorin, DR7, pp.192, 401 | Wrede 3, p.339 | Wurzbach 7, p.378 (wrong: Proprietor of CuirReg N°21 on 19.08.1786)

Internet Sources
Jewison/Steiner
Marek (http://genealogy.euweb.cz/bohemia/harrach2.html)
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes
1) ÖMKL 3, p.65: 26.05.1789 (?)

 

 H20 Harsch von Almendingen, Ferdinand Philipp Graf
 

Dates of Life
Born: 21.11.1704
Died: St. Margareten am Moos / Lower Austria, 30.10.17921

Family Status
Married: Ludovica Freiin von Stöcken

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 22.06.17422
Feldmarschalleutnant: 09.11.17473
Feldzeugmeister: 12.06.17544 (w.r.f. 13.12.1748)

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Vice-Director-General of Engineers: 01.1760 – 05.1770
Director of the Academy of Engineers: 02.17605 – 05.1770
Governor in Austrian Silesia: 17706

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°50: 22.04.1749 – 05.03.1766
I.R. Privy Councillor: 11.1750

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Printed Sources
ADB 10, p.643 | Blasek/Rieger, 1, pp.36, 38, 43 | MilSchem | ÖMKL 3, p.71 | Wurzbach 7, p.387f. | Zivkovic, Generalität, p.30 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, pp.13, 36, 125

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes
1) ÖMKL 3, p.71: 01.11.1792 (?) / Schmidt-Brentano: 31.10.1792 (?)
2) ÖMKL 3, p.71: 06.06.1742 (?)
3) ÖMKL 3, p.71: 08.1751 (?)
4) ÖMKL 3, p.71 / Zivkovic, Generalität: 29.06.1754 (?)
5) Blasek/Rieger, 1, p.38: 12.1760 (?)
6) ÖMKL 3, p.71: 1772 (?)

 

 H21 Haugwitz, Eugen Wilhelm Freiherr von
Haugwitz, Eugen Wilhelm Graf von
 

Dates of Life
Born: Brünn (Brno) / Moravia, 16.11.1777
Died: Vienna, 04.11.1867

Family Status
Son of H22
Unmarried

Promotions
Major: 01.09.1805
Oberstleutnant: 09.1808
Oberst: 08.05.1809
Generalmajor: 06.08.1813
Feldmarschalleutnant: 18.06.18271
Retired: 01.07.1829

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Military Commander of Naples: 06.1815 – 1817

Elevation of Social Status
Graf (by elevation of his father): 07.12.1779

Chivalric Order
Knight of the Teutonic Order: 1808
Commander of the Teutonic Order
Province Commander (Landkomtur) of the Bailiwick Austria: 1835

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 30.10.1813
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°38: 03.07.1824 – 04.11.1867
Military Honor Cross 1813/14 (Army Cross 1813/14): ~ 1814
I.R. Privy Councillor: 1835
I.R. Chamberlain: 1806

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
Naples-Sicily:
Order of St. Januarius: 1817
Military Order of St. George and of the Reunion – GC: 1821
Russia:
Order of St. George 4th cl.: 22.[10.]12.1813
Sardinia-Piedmont:
Order of St. Maurice and St. Lazarus – GC: ~ 1815

Printed Sources
Haugwitz, Eberhard Graf: Die Geschichte der Familie von Haugwitz, vol.1, Leipzig 1910, p.178f. and genealogical table 11 (wrong: d. 1860) | Hirtenfeld 2, p.1218f. (wrong: b. 18.11.1777) | Leitner 2, p.172f. | MD 2, p.172 | MilSchem | ÖBL 2, p.213 | ÖMKL 3, p.89f. | Pickl, p.287 | Sturm 1, p.551f. (wrong: b. 18.11.1777) | Wrede 1, p.391 | Wurzbach 8, 66f. | WZ, 03.09.1808, 14.10.1813, 19.02.1814

Internet Sources
Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
Vederman

Notes
1) ÖMKL 3, p.90: 18.07.1827 (?)

 

 H22 Haugwitz, Karl Wilhelm Sigismund Freiherr von
Haugwitz, Karl Wilhelm Sigismund Graf von

Dates of Life
Born: 15.03.1736
Died: Brünn (Brno) / Moravia, 02.03.1819

Family Status
Father of H21
Married: 1766 Maria Josefa Gräfin von Frankenberg

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 19.01.1771 (w.r.f. 01.01.1771)

Elevation of Social Status
Graf: 07.12.1779

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
I.R. Chamberlain: 1758

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Printed Sources
Frank 2, p.172 | Haugwitz, Eberhard Graf: Die Geschichte der Familie von Haugwitz, vol.1, Leipzig 1910, p.176f. and genealogical table 11 | MilSchem | Pickl, p.283

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 H23 Hegel, Philipp von
 

Dates of Life
Born: 17??
Died: Balingen / Württemberg, 19.09.17971

Name Variants
also: Hägel

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 06.09.1796

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
MilSchem

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes
1) Schmidt-Brentano: 17.09.1797 (?)

 

 H24 Heilmann, Andreas von

Dates of Life
Born: around 1740
Died: Vienna, 05.02.1805

Name Variants
also: Heylmann

Promotions
Major: 1783
Oberstleutnant: 1793
Oberst: 1797
Generalmajor: 02.04.1801 (w.r.f. 24.03.1801)

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Fortress Vice-Commandant of Theresianstadt: 1801 – 05.02.1805

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
Blasek/Rieger 1/I, p.384 | Gatti, IngAk, p.191 | MilSchem

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 H25 Heister, Philipp Neri Joseph Franz de Paula Graf von

Dates of Life
Born: Klagenfurt / Carinthia, 25.12.1745
Died: Brünn (Brno) / Moravia, 07.03.1826

Promotions
Major: 01.05.1775
Oberstleutnant: 30.04.1784
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 29.09.1793 (w.r.f. ..?..? 1791)
Retired: 1797

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
I.R. Chamberlain: 1771

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Printed Sources
Buschek, IR23, I, pp.504, 523, 923 | Leitner 2, p.79f. | MilSchem | Pickl, p.285 | Svoboda 1, col.36

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 H26 Hellebronth von Tisza-Beö, Anton

Dates of Life
Born: around 1719
Died: 15.09.1804

Name Variants
also: Hellebrond

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 27.05.1788 (w.r.f. 12.04.1789)
Retired: 1801

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
MilSchem

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 H27 Henneberg, Joseph Freiherr (Henn) von
 

Dates of Life
Born: 30.11.1761
Died: Eger (n.l.) / (Bohemia or Hungary ?), 23.02.1810

Promotions
Major: 1796
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst: 1801
Generalmajor: 15.08.1808

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
Württemberg:
Order of Military Merit (Military Order of Charles) - ?C: before 1796

Printed Sources
Leitner 2, p.109 | MilSchem | WZ, 03.09.1808, 17.03.1810

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 H28 Hennequin de Fresnel et Curel, Johann Karl Peter Ferdinand Graf
 

Dates of Life
Born: Curel / Picardie / France, 1762
Died: Lemberg (Lwów, L’viv) / Galicia, 25.02.1831

Promotions
France:
[rank]: ?
Into Austrian service: 01.02.1793
Oberst: 01.02.1793
Generalmajor: 27.09.1799 (w.r.f. 23.09.1799)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 01.01.1807
General der Kavallerie: 21.01.1817

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Adlatus of the Commanding General in Galicia: 1814 – (09.?)1824
Commanding General in Galicia: 09.18241 – 12.1827
Commanding General in Illyria, Inner Austria and the Tyrol: 27.12.1827 – 08.1829
Captain of the Trabanten Life Guard and the Hofburgwache: 17.12.1829 – 25.02.1831

Field Service (1792-1815)
Commander ad interim of the 1st Army-Corps: 08.-09.1809
Commander ad interim of the Austrian army detachment of the Army of Bavaria: 10.-11.1813

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 30.04.1802
Order of Leopold – CC: 01.06.1814
Military Honor Cross 1813/14 (Army Cross 1813/14): ~ 1814
2nd Colonel-Proprietor of the Cuirassier Regiment N°4: 1809 – 25.02.1831
I.R. Privy Councillor: 10.03.1820
I.R. Chamberlain: 1803

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
Bavaria:
Military Order of Maximilian Joseph – CC: 1813
France:
Military Order of St. Louis
Russia:
Order of St. George 3rd cl.: 24.[12.]05.1814
Order of St. Anne 1st cl.: 1813

Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)
Johann Peter Karl Graf Hennequin von Fresnel und Curel was born in France in 1762. After the French Revolution he entered Austrian military service (1793) with the rank of colonel. On 27 September 1799, he was promoted to Generalmajor. In 1800 he commanded a brigade in Schwarzenberg's division of the Right Wing in the battle of Hohenlinden (3 December). In 1805, Count Hennequin was in Schwarzenberg's Avantgarde, under FML Klenau, commanding a grenadier brigade. On 1 January 1807, he was promoted to Feldmarschelleutnant. In 1809 he commanded an infantry division in Bellegarde's I Army Corps at Aspern, Wagram and Znaim. During the campaign of 1813/14 he served in the main army and fought at Arcis-sur-Aube on 20-21 March, where the Austrians defeated Napoleon. On 21 January 1817 Hennequin received promotion to General der Kavallerie. He died on 25 February 1831 in Galicia.

Printed Sources
Breslau 1913, p.187, N°106 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.742ff. | MilSchem | ÖMKL 2, p.541f. | Petiot, p.239 (wrong: Oberst in 1798 / d. 25.11.1831) | Pickl, p.267 | Wrede 3, p.145 | Wrede (6), p.66 | Wurzbach 8, p.305f. | WZ, 21.11.1813, 20.02.1814, 27.06.1814 | Zivkovic, Generalität, p.40 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, pp.44, 55, 64, 130, 133

Internet Sources
Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
Vederman

Notes
1) Petiot: 08.02.1824 (?)

 

 H29 Hennuy, (Franz) Joseph Ritter von

Dates of Life
Born: 06.09.1748
Died: 20.01.1817

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst: 1809
Generalmajor: 11.09.1813
Retired: 11.09.1813

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Printed Sources
Anonymous, DR2, pp.371, 384, 398 | MilSchem | Tomaschek, DR8, p.715 | WZ, 16.12.1809

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 H30 Henrici, Karl Joseph
Henrici, Karl Joseph Ritter von

Dates of Life
Born: 1736
Died: Prague (Praha) / Bohemia, 10.03.1819

Name Variants
also: Henrizy

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 19.06.1789 (w.r.f. 07.03.1789)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 04.03.1796 (w.r.f. 10.02.1794)
Retired: 1796

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
City (and Fortress ?) Commandant of Triest: before 1794 – 1796

Elevation of Social Status
Ritter: 02.11.1782

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Printed Sources
Frank 2, p.189 | Doerr, p.261 | MilSchem

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 H31 Herberstein, Karl Wenzel Joseph Graf von
 

Dates of Life
Born: 06.11.1729
Died: Vienna, 03.08.1798

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant: 15.12.1758
Oberst: 1763
Generalmajor: 01.05.17731 (w.r.f. 05.08.1765)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 10.04.1783 (w.r.f. 08.04.1783)

Chivalric Order
Knight of the Order of Malta (min. aet.): 28.08.1741
Professed Knight of the Order of Malta: 12.01.1755
Commander of the commandery of St. Peter (Carniola): 01.05.1765 – 30.04.1777
Commander of the commandery of Troppau (Austrian Silesia): 01.05.1786 – 03.08.1798
Minister plenipotentiary of the Order of Malta in Vienna: ~ 21.11.1791 – 12.06.1798 (03.08.1798 ?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
Dauber, pp.182f. | MD 2, p.185f. | MilSchem | (NDB 8, S.577) | Repertorium 3, p.212

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes
1) Dauber, p.182: 01.03.1773 (?)

 

 H32 Herbert zu Rathkeal, Johann von
Herbert zu Rathkeal, Johann Freiherr von

Dates of Life
Born: 17??
Died: 03.01.1801

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 01.01.1794 (w.r.f. 14.12.1793)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 06.03.1800 (w.r.f. 31.08.1799)
Retired: 06.03.1800

Elevation of Social Status
Freiherr: 02.07.1779

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
Duffy, p.373 | Frank 2, p.191 | MilSchem

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 H33 Hermann, Joseph von

Dates of Life
Born: 17??
Died: 06.05.1794

Name Variants
also: Herrmann, Heermann

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant: 1758
Oberst: 1765 (1766 ?)
Generalmajor: 19.01.1771 (w.r.f. 01.05.1770)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
MilSchem | Tomaschek, DR8, p.241 (Oberst in 1766 ?), 691 (Oberst in 1765 ?)

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 H34 Hermann, Malachias von
 

Dates of Life
Born: 17??
Died: Esseg (Osjek, Eszék) / Slavonia, 01.02.1808

Name Variants
also: Herrmann, Heermann

Promotions
Major: 18.07.1789
Oberstleutnant: 26.08.1793
Oberst: 17.03.1797
Generalmajor: 01.09.18051 (w.r.f. 04.01.1803)
Retired: 1807

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
MilSchem | Wengen, DR13, pp.537, 567, 570, 585f. | WZ, 18.11.1807

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes
1) Wengen, DR13, p.586: 26.08.1805 (?)

 

 H35 Hermann, Ludwig
Hermann von Sonnenberg, Ludwig
 

Dates of Life
Born: around 1730
Died: Vienna, 09.08.18061

Name Variants
also: Herrmann / also: Sonnberg

Promotions
Major: 01.08.1779
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 10.01.1794 (w.r.f. 07.10.1791)
Retired: 10.01.1794

Elevation of Social Status
plain nobility (by elevation of a family member): 07.01.1761 (with predicate: "von Sonnenberg")

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
Amon, IR47, p.286 | Frank 2, p.193 | MilSchem

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes
1) Schmidt-Brentano: 11.08.1806 (?)

 

 H36 Hertelendy (de Hertelend), Gabriel
Hertelendy (de Hertelend), Gabriel Ritter von

Dates of Life
Born: Gosztony / Com. Eisenburg (Vas) / Hungary, 08.09.1742
Died: Gyöngyös (n.l.) / Hungary, 16.06.1820

Promotions
Major: 15.01.1794
Oberstleutnant: 1797
Oberst: 1800
Generalmajor: 22.01.1808 (w.r.f. 18.06.1805)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 17.02.1812
Retired: 1814

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 18.08.1801

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Printed Sources
Hirtenfeld 1, p.641f. (wrong: b. in Gázlóny 1734 / d. 16.07.1820) | MD 2, p.188 | MilSchem | ÖMKL 3, p.170f. (wrong: b. in Goszlony 1734 / d. 16.07.1826) | Wurzbach 8, p.401ff. | WZ, 20.02.1808

Internet Sources
Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 H37 Herzogenberg, August (Picot de Peccaduc) Freiherr von
 

Dates of Life
Born: Rennes / France, 13.02.1767
Died: Vienna, 15.02.1834

Promotions
France:
[rank]: ?
Into Austrian service: 1797
Major: 01.09.1805
Oberstleutnant: 18.05.18091
Oberst: 05.1809
Generalmajor: 26.07.1813
Feldmarschalleutnant: 18.06.1827

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Local Director of the Academy of Engineers: 21.04.1820 – 15.02.1834

Elevation of Social Status
Freiherr: 18.06.1811 (with change of name from "Picot de Peccaduc" to "Herzogenberg")

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Order of Leopold – CC: 01.06.1814
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°35: 03.1822 – 15.02.1834
I.R. Chamberlain: 1822

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
France:
Military Order of St. Louis – KC
Order of St. Lazarus – KC2
Russia:
Order of St. Anne 1st cl.: ~ 1813

Printed Sources
Frank-Döfering, 1937 | Gatti, IngAk, p.488 | May, IR35, p.168 | MD 2, p.188 | MilSchem | ÖMKL 3, p.171f. | ÖMZ, year 1883, vol.1, p.57ff.: Leonhardi, Franz von: Feldmarschall-Lieutenant Freiherr von Herzogenberg. Commandant der Ingenieur-Akademie 1827-1834 | Pickl, p.289 | Wrede 1, p.367 | Wurzbach 8, p.413f. | WZ, 31.07.1813, 14.10.1813, 27.06.1814 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, p.37

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes
1) ÖMKL 3, p.89: 18.03.1809 (?)
2) Sardinian Order of St. Maurice and St. Lazarus (?)

 

 H38 Hessen-Darmstadt, Karl Wilhelm Georg Landgraf zu
 

Dates of Life
Born: Darmstadt / Hessen, 16.05.1757
Died: Darmstadt / Hessen, 15.08.1795

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 02.02.1783

Field Service (1792-1815)
Commander of the allied defence forces of the fortress Maastricht: 21.02. – 03.03.1793 (+)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
(Palatinate-)Bavaria:
Order of St. Hubert: before 1796

Printed Sources
Bodart, p.272 | MilSchem

Internet Sources
Marek (http://genealogy.euweb.cz/brabant/brabant13.html)
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 H39 Hessen-Homburg, Ferdinand Heinrich Prinz zu
Hessen-Homburg, Ferdinand Heinrich Landgraf zu
 

Dates of Life
Born: Homburg / Hessen, 26.04.1783
Died: Homburg / Hessen, 24.03.1866

Family Status
Brother of H40, H41, H42

Promotions
Major: 18061
Oberstleutnant: 16.02.1809
Oberst: 06.08.1809
Generalmajor: 30.04.1815
Left active service: 1824
Feldmarschalleutnant: 21.12.1830
General der Kavallerie: 23.12.1845

Elevation of Social Status
Hessen-Homburg:
Regierender Landgraf (sovereign landgrave): 08.09.1848

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 20.10.1813
Order of St. Stephen – GC

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
Hannover:
Guelphic Order – GC: 1821
Hessen-Kassel:
Order of William – GC

Printed Sources
ADB 6, p.690f. | Hirtenfeld 2, p.1222f. | MilSchem | ÖBL 2, p.305 | ÖMKL 3, p.176 (wrong: GdK in 1834) | Victorin, DR7, pp.266, 403 (wrong: GM in 1814), 406 | Wurzbach 8, p.434ff. | WZ, 08.05.1815 | Zivkovic, Generalität, p.42

Internet Sources
Jewison/Steiner
Marek (http://genealogy.euweb.cz/brabant/brabant15.html)
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
Theroff (http://pages.prodigy.net/ptheroff/gotha/hesse.html)

Notes
1) ÖMKL 3, p.176: 1805 (?)

 

 H40 Hessen-Homburg, Friedrich (VI.) Joseph Ludwig Erbprinz zu
Hessen-Homburg, Friedrich (VI.) Joseph Ludwig Landgraf zu
 

Dates of Life
Born: Homburg / Hessen, 30.07.1769
Died: Homburg / Hessen, 02.04.1829

Family Status
Brother of H39, H41, H42
Married: 1818 Elisabeth Princess of Great Britain and Ireland (1770-1840)

Promotions
Major: 09.07.1790
Oberstleutnant: 24.05.1792
Oberst: 02.08.1794
Generalmajor: 16.04.1797 (w.r.f. 24.05.1797)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 29.10.18001 (w.r.f. 15.11.1800)
General der Kavallerie: 26.07.18132

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Adlatus of the Commanding General in Hungary: 1814-1820

Field Service (1792-1815)
Commander of the Army Reserve (until 09.1813: Cavalry Corps): 08.1813 – 02.1814
Commander of the Army of Reserve: 02.1814 – 03.1814
Commander of the Army of the South: 03.1814 – 05.1814
Commander of the Austrian forces at the battle of Limonest (Belleville, St. Georges, Lyon): 16.-20.03.1814 (+)
Commander of the Army Reserve: 05.-06.1814

Elevation of Social Status
Hessen-Homburg:
Regierender Landgraf (sovereign landgrave): 20.01.1820

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 19.12.1790 / CC: 30.10.1813
Order of St. Stephen – GC: 04.04.1810
Colonel-Proprietor of the Hussar Regiment N°4: 1803 – 02.04.1829

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
Bavaria:
Order of St. Hubert: 1820
Hannover:
Guelphic Order – GC (w.d.): 1818
Hessen-Darmstadt:
Order of Ludwig – GC
Hessen-Kassel:
Order of the Golden Lion – GC: before 1796
Poland (Russia):
Order of the White Eagle: 1820
Prussia:
Order of the Black Eagle
Order of the Red Eagle 1st cl.
Russia:
Order of St. Andrew: 1819
Order of St. Alexander Nevskij: 1813
Order of St. George 3rd cl.: 24.[12.]06.1823

Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)
Friedrich Joseph Ludwig Karl August Erbprinz zu Hessen-Homburg was born on 30 July 1769 in Homburg vor der Höhe, in Hesse. He entered Austrian military service in April 1789 as Captain in the Infantry Regiment "Stain" N°50. He fought in the war with Turkey (1788-90) and was very distinguished on 26 June 1790 at Kalefat. Although his battalion was not designated for the assault, he asked FZM Clerfayt if he could take part and volunteered to lead a charge by two squadrons of Hussar Regiment "Toskana" which drove the Turks back to the Danube. For this, he was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Military Maria Theresian Order on 19 December 1790 and promoted to Major in Chevauxleger Regiment "Levenehr" N°19. In May 1792, he was promoted to Oberstleutnant in the Cuirassier Regiment "Hohenzollern" N°4. On 2 December 1793, he was distinguished at Dangendorf together with LtCol Klenau and at Neuburg. In 1794 Prince Friedrich received his promotion to Oberst in Chevauxleger Regiment "Modena" N°13. On 14 September 1796, he was wounded at Neuburg. Soon afterwards, he led his regiment into action again at the battle of Biberach on 2 October and at Schliengen on 24 October. Shortly after the end of the First Coalition War (1797) he was promoted to Major General.
In March 1799 the prince was given command of a cavalry brigade in Erzherzog Carl's army in Swabia. On 25 March of this year, he fought in the battle of Stockach. The following year Prince Friedrich received his promotion to FML and commanded a division in the center at the defeat in the battle of Hohenlinden on 3 December.
In the campaign of 1805 he commanded a cavalry division in Riesch's corps of Mack's main army. On 14 October, he fought at Elchingen against Marshal Ney and was wounded at the Danube bridge. He was taken to Ulm, where he was then captured in the capitulation of that place on 15 October. Like all senior officers, he was released on parole.
In the 1809 campaign, Prince Friedrich again commanded a Cuirassier division, this time in Liechtenstein's Cavalry Reserve Corps. He fought at Aspern and at Wagram. In the latter battle, he was distinguished in the defence of Aderklaa.
On 26 July 1813 he was promoted to GoC and appointed commander of the Reserve Corps of the Army of Bohemia. He fought at Dresden, in the centre, between Plauen and Strehla. On 16 October, at Leipzig, he was distinguished on the left wing. On 18 October he was the commander of the 1st Column (40,000 men); he stormed Dölitz (where he was wounded) and Lössnig. He then advanced to Connewitz. For this he was awarded the Commander's Cross of the MMTO on 30 October. On 29 December 1813 the prince was the commander of the 5th Column in the Rhine crossing at Schaffhausen. He occupied Berne and blockaded Auxonne. In 1814 he fought at St Georges, Longsard, Dorieux and pushed Marshal Augereau back on Lyon. On 20 March, he took the key mountain post of Dardille and entered Lyon. On 11 April 1814, Prince Friedrich signed an armistice with Marshal Augereau. In 1815, he again commanded the reserve of the Austrian army on the upper Rhine. In 1820 he resigned from the Austrian army to rule the landgraviate of Hessen-Homburg, where he died on 2 April 1829.

Printed Sources
Bodart, p.478 | Hirtenfeld 2, p.1145ff. | MilSchem | Nekrolog 1829/1, p.315ff., N°139 | ÖBL 2, p.305 | ÖMKL 3, p.172f. | Tomaschek, DR8, p.711 | Wrede 3, p.250 | Wrede (6), p.32 | Wurzbach 8, p.436ff. | WZ, 28.04.1810, 31.07.1813, 14.10.1813, 19.02.1814 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, p.132

Internet Sources
Ebert (http://www.napoleon-online.de/AU_Generale/html/hessen.html)
Jewison/Steiner
Marek (http://genealogy.euweb.cz/brabant/brabant15.html)
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
Theroff (http://pages.prodigy.net/ptheroff/gotha/hesse.html)
Vederman

Notes
1) ÖMKL 3, p.172: 28.10.1800 (?)
2) ÖMKL 3, p.172: 20.03.1813 (?)

 

 H41 Hessen-Homburg, Gustav Adolph Friedrich Prinz zu
Hessen-Homburg, Gustav Adolph Friedrich Landgraf zu
 

Dates of Life
Born: Homburg / Hessen, 17.02.1781
Died: Homburg / Hessen, 08.09.1848

Family Status
Brother of H39, H40, H42
Married: 1818 Luise Prinzessin von Anhalt-Dessau (1798-1858)

Promotions
Sweden:
[rank]:
Into Austrian service: 03.1801
Major: 03.1801
Oberstleutnant: 01.12.1805
Oberst: 02.1809
Generalmajor: 06.06.18131
Feldmarschalleutnant: 04.08.1826
General der Kavallerie: 31.12.18422

Elevation of Social Status
Hessen-Homburg:
Regierender Landgraf (sovereign landgrave): 15.10.1846

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 1815
Order of St. Stephen – GC: 1829

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
Anhalt-Köthen:
Order of Albert the Bear – GC: 1840
Hannover:
Guelphic Order – GC: 1821
Hessen-Darmstadt:
Order of Ludwig – GC
Hessen-Kassel:
Order of the Golden Lion – GC
Prussia:
Order of the Black Eagle: 1846/47

Printed Sources
Hirtenfeld 2, p.1084f. | MilSchem | ÖBL 2, p.305 | ÖMKL 3, p.175f. | Tomaschek, DR8, p.686 | Wurzbach 8, p.438f. | WZ, 22.07.1813 | Zivkovic, Generalität, p.42

Internet Sources
Jewison/Steiner
Marek (http://genealogy.euweb.cz/brabant/brabant15.html)
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
Theroff (http://pages.prodigy.net/ptheroff/gotha/hesse.html)

Notes
1) ÖMKL 3, p.176: 21.07.1813 (?)
2) ÖMKL 3, p.176: 01.01.1842 (?) / Schmidt-Brentano: 11.06.1841 (?)

 

 H42 Hessen-Homburg, Philipp August Friedrich Prinz
Hessen-Homburg, Philipp August Friedrich Landgraf zu
 

Dates of Life
Born: Homburg / Hessen, 11.03.1779
Died: Homburg / Hessen, 15.12.1846

Family Status
Brother of H39, H40, H41
Married: 1838 (morganatic) Antonia Potoschnigg, (since 1838:) Gräfin von Naumburg (1806-1845)

Promotions
Major: 14.03.1800
Oberstleutnant: 08.1805
Oberst: 01.09.1805
Generalmajor: 24.05.1809
Feldmarschalleutnant: 22.09.18131
Feldzeugmeister: 06.06.1832
Feldmarschall: 28.11.1846

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Governor of Naples: 1821
Commanding General in Illyria, Inner Austria and the Tyrol: 10.1825 – 12.1827
Commanding General in Galicia: 12.1827 – 12.1829
Commanding General in Illyria, Inner Austria and the Tyrol: 12.1829 – 08.1839
Governor of the German Confederation Fortress of Mainz: 10.1839 – 10.1844

Elevation of Social Status
Hessen-Homburg:
Regierender Landgraf (sovereign landgrave): 19.01.1839

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 04.1810
Order of St. Stephen – GC: 1818
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°19: 08.1812 (1813 ?) – 15.12.1846

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
Hannover:
Guelphic Order – GC: 1820
Hessen-Darmstadt:
Order of Ludwig – GC
Hessen-Kassel:
Order of the Golden Lion – GC
Naples Sicily:
Military Order of St. George and of the Reunion – GC: 1821 (?)
and/or
Order of St. Ferdinand and of Merit – GC (?)
Poland (Russia):
Order of the White Eagle: 1829
Prussia:
Order of the Black Eagle: 1839
Order of the Red Eagle 1st cl.
Russia:
Order of St. Andrew: 1818
Order of St. Alexander Nevskij: 1815
Order of St. George 4th cl.: 15.[03.]08.1813
Order of St. Anne 1st cl.
Saxony-Weimar:
Order of the White Falcon – GC: 1840
Württemberg:
Order of Military Merit – CC: 1815

Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)
Born 11 March 1769 in Homburg vor der Höhe Prince Philipp August was the brother to Landgraf Friedrich. He entered military service as a Captain in the Dutch army in 1794 for one year, after which Holland was overrun by the French. He then volunteered for Austrian service. In 1798 he was appointed Captain in the Infantry Regiment "Stain" N°50. He fought in the 1st Battle of Zürich (4 June 1799) and the storming of Mannheim the same year.
In March 1800 he was promoted to Major in the Infantry Regiment "De Ligne" N°30. In this year, he fought at Engen, Mösskirch and Hohenlinden.
In late 1805 the prince received his promotion to colonel in the Infantry Regiment "Hiller" N°2. He was very distinguished at Aspern on 21 May 1809 in the IV Corps (5th Column) at Groß-Enzersdorf. At dawn on 22 May he repelled five French cavalry assaults. On 24 May he was promoted to Major General. On 5 July at Wagram he saw that the Austrian III Corps was in difficulty. Without orders he launched Infantry Regiment N°2 into the flank of the enemy formation which threw them back over the Russbach. In the battle of 6 July he was wounded by canister.
In 1810 he was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Military Maria Theresian Order. In 1812 Prince Philipp went to Russia with the expeditionary force, commanding the 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division and was distinguished in the battle at Podubnie. On 28 September the Russians assaulted the Austrians at Turisk. Hessen-Homburg commanded the rearguard and held them up until dark before withdrawing to Luboml. He was rewarded by being appointed proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°19.
In 1813 he fought at Dresden and was wounded at Kulm. on 21 September the prince was promoted to Feldmarschalleutnant and division commander in the III Corps of the Army of Bohemia, commanding the brigades of Czollich and Grimmer. He was distinguished at Leipzig. Later that year, he volunteered to fight at Hochheim, east of Mainz. He was then appointed Governor of Frankfurt am Main.
On 24 January 1814, he fought at Bar-sur-Aube, in Ignaz Gyulai's III Corps. In February 1814 Prince Philipp was appointed commander of VI Corps in the Army of the South. He fought at St Georges, Limonest and Lyons, as well as La Fère Champenoise on 25 March. In 1815 he commanded a division in Württemberg's III Corps and fought at Strassburg. On 28-30 July 1815 he fought successfully against GdD Count Jean Rapp at Strassburg.
In 1818 the prince was sent to Russia on a diplomatic mission for Austria, where he received the Russian order of St. Andrew. In 1820 he was sent to Britain on a similar task. Then he went to Naples as Governor of that city, whereby he was awarded the Military Order of St. George (GC). In 1825 he was appointed commander of Inner Austria and the Tyrol and, in July 1826, attended Czar Nikolaus' I. coronation in Moscow. In 1827 he was appointed Commanding General in Galicia. Next year he served in the war between Russia and Turkey. Hessen-Homburg was sent to St Petersburg as Austrian ambassador and was awarded the Order of the White Eagle and a sword of honour from the Czar. From 1829 to 1839 he was again Commanding General in Inner Austria and the Tyrol. On 6 June 1832 Prince Philipp received his promotion to Feldzeugmeister. After the death of his brother he was forced to return to Hessen-Homburg to rule that landgraviate. Beside he was appointed Governor of Mainz fortress, which post he hold until 1844. A few weeks before his death (15 December 1846) emperor Ferdinand I. promoted him to Field Marshal on 28 November 1846.

Printed Sources
ADB 26, p.2f. | Hirtenfeld 2, p.1020ff. | Hoen, 1809/IV, p.802, note 1 | MilSchem | ÖBL 2, p.305 | ÖMKL 3, p.173ff. | Wrede 1, p.250 | Wurzbach 8, p.439ff. | WZ, 09.09.1812, 01.10.1812, 18.09.1813, 19.02.1814, 13.08.1815 | Zivkovic, Generalität, pp.14 u. 41 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, pp.55, 64, 71

Internet Sources
Jewison/Steiner
Marek (http://genealogy.euweb.cz/brabant/brabant15.html)
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
Theroff (http://pages.prodigy.net/ptheroff/gotha/hesse.html)
Vederman

Notes
1) ÖMKL 3, p.174: 21.09.1813 (?)

 

 H43 Hessen-Rheinfels-Rothenburg, Karl Emanuel Landgraf zu
 

Dates of Life
Born: (Langen-)Schwalbach / Hessen, 05.06.1746
Died: Frankfurt on Main / Frankfurt (grand duchy), 23.03.1812

Family Status
Married: 1771 Maria Leopoldine Adelgunde Prinzessin von und zu Liechtenstein (1754-1823)

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst: 1771
Generalmajor: 26.11.1777 (w.r.f. 18.07.1777)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 15.12.1789 (w.r.f. 27.03.1789)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Order of the Golden Fleece: 1782

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
(Palatinate-)Bavaria:
Order of St. Hubert: before 1796

Printed Sources
Amon, IR20, p.204 | MD 3, p.43 | MilSchem | (Wurzbach 8, p.443)

Internet Sources
Boettger
Marek (http://genealogy.euweb.cz/brabant/brabant11.html)
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 H44 Hiebel, Johann
Hiebel, Johann von
 

Dates of Life
Born: 17??
Died: (Peterwardein [Petrovaradin, Pétervarád] / Slavonia ?), 14.01.1799

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 15.(18.)07.1789 (w.r.f. 07.07.1789)

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Fortress Commandant of Peterwardein: before 1794 – 14.01.1799

Elevation of Social Status
plain nobility: 25.11.1795

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
Frank 2, p.202 | MilSchem

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 H45 Hildprandt von und zu Ottenhausen, Johann Joseph
Hildprandt von und zu Ottenhausen, Johann Joseph Freiherr
 

Dates of Life
Born: Kamnitz (Kamenice) / Bohemia, 18.11.1743
Died: Prague (Praha) / Bohemia, 09.10.18211

Name Variants
also: Hildprand / Hilleprand(t) / Hildeprand(t)

Promotions
Major: 11.03.1782
Oberstleutnant: 28.05.1786
Oberst: 1790
Generalmajor: 01.09.1796 (w.r.f. 14.08.1794)
Retired: 16.11.1806

Elevation of Social Status
Freiherr: 23.08.1756

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Printed Sources
Doerr, p.240 | Frank 2, p.203 | Leitner 2, p.66f. | MilSchem | Pizzighelli, DR3, pp.33, 34, 36 | Svoboda 1, col.26f.

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes
1) Svoboda, Schmidt-Brentano: 19.10.1821 (?)

 

 H46 Hiller, Johann Karl von
Hiller, Johann Karl Freiherr von
 

Dates of Life
Born: Modena, 17481
Died: Lemberg (Lwów, L’viv) / Galicia, 05.06.1819

Family Status
Married (1): 1780 Walpurga Freiin Ertel von Seeau (?-1801?), sister of (2)
Married (2): Theresia Freiin Ertel von Seeau, sister of (1)

Promotions
Major: 14.11.1783
Oberstleutnant: 08.1788
Oberst: 13.07.1789
Generalmajor: 24.02.1794 (w.r.f. 14.02.1794)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 06.03.1800 (w.r.f. 02.09.1799)
Feldzeugmeister: 03.08.18092

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Military Commander in the Tyrol and Vorarlberg (Innsbruck): 12.1801 – 09.1805
Military Commander in Upper Austria (Linz): 02.1806 – 02.1807
Commanding General in the Karlstadt-Warasdin Military Border: 02.1807 – 11.1809
Commanding General in the Warasdin Military Border: 11.1809 – 10.1810
Commanding General in Slavonia und Syrmia: 11.1810 – 07.1813
Commanding General in Transylvania: 10.06.1814 – 07.1814
Commanding General in Galicia: 07.1814 – 05.06.1819

Field Service (1792-1815)
Commander of the autonomous Corps in Vorarlberg / in the Tyrol: 09.1800 – 03.1801
Commander of the autonomous Corps in the Southern Tyrol: 09.-11.1805
Commander of the 6th Army Corps: 02.-07.1809 / 07.-11.1809
Commander of the Austrian forces at the battle of Abensberg: 20.04.1809 (–)
Commander of the Austrian forces at the battle of Landshut: 21.04.1809 (–)
Commander of the Austrian forces at the battle of Neumarkt an der Rott: 24.04.1809 (+)
Commander of the Austrian forces at the battle of Ebelsberg: 03.05.1809 (–)
Commander of the Army of Inner Austria / (since 11.1813) Army of Italy: 02.08.1813 – 03.11.(16.12.)1813

Elevation of Social Status
Freiherr: 26.02.1789

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 15.11.1788 / CC: 05.05.1809
Military Honor Cross 1813/14 (Army Cross 1813/14): ~ 1814
2nd Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°2: 20.04.1801 – 31.12.1806
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°2: 31.12.1806 – 1814
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°53: 1814 – 05.06.1819
I.R. Privy Councillor: 07.1807
I.R. Chamberlain ?

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)
Johann Karl von Hiller was born Modena in 1748. He was the son of a nobleman and entered Austrian military service in 1770 in Iinfantry Regiment "Sachsen-Hildburghausen" N°8, as a cadet. In that same year, he transferred to Dragoon Regiment N°38 "Karl Eugen von Württemberg", as a lieutenant. In 1771, Hiller transferred back into the infantry and in 1774, he bought himself a captaincy in Grenz Infantry Regiment N°5 "Warasdiner-Kreuzer", under "questionable circumstances". He fought in the wars against the Turks in 1788/89 and was awarded the Military Maria Theresian Order (KC) on 15 November of that year, as an Oberstleutnant, for his active defence of the Croatian border. In the next year, he was created a Freiherr (baron) and was promoted to Oberst for his participation in the capture of Berbir in 1789. Until his death in 1790, Hiller enjoyed the patronage of FM Graf Loudon. On 24 February 1794 Hiller was promoted to Generalmajor and appointed General-Kriegskommissär of the army in Italy, responsible for the provision of supplies for the army. His ruthless pursuit of his career brought him many enemies in the army.
In 1796, he fell foul of his new commander, FZM Graf Oliver Wallis, and was sent to serve under FZM Baillet de Latour in the Army of the Upper Rhine as GM of infantry. Here, he found favour with Erzherzog Carl, but a new adversary in the person on Carl's Adlatus, FML Graf von Bellegarde, who would play a crucial role in Hiller's downfall in 1813. Hiller fought in the battle of Würzburg as brigade commander. Following this campaign, he had to retire due to grounds of ill health. He returned to duty in 1798 and in 1799, he commanded a division in the Vorarlberg Corps, again under Erzherzog Carl. Hiller fought in the 1st battle of Zürich on 4 June and was badly wounded in the knee in the assault on the Mount Zürich redoubts.
On 6 March 1800, he was promoted to Feldmarschalleutnant and he served in the defence of the Tyrol. In 1801, he was appointed (briefly) commander in Agram (Zagreb) and 2nd Colonel Proprietor of Infantry Regiment N°2 "Erzherzog Ferdinand Karl". Later that year, he was posted to Innsbruck as military commander of the Tyrol and Vorarlberg.
In 1805 Hiller was charged with the defence of the south Tyrol. In 1807, he returned to command the Karstädter-Warasdiner border area. Here, he fell out badly with his old patron, Erzherzog Carl, over the policy adopted in these areas.
In 1809 he was still FML and Commanding General of the VI Corps in southern Germany, the only corps commander not of high nobility status. He was soundly defeated at Landshut on 21 April by Napoleon. Hiller defeated Marshall Bessières and the Bavarian General von Wrede at Neumarkt an der Rott on 24 April, which earned him the Commander's Cross of the MMTO. At the battle of Aspern, his corps was on the far right wing of the army. Although Marshall Massena tried everthing to hold the little village of Aspern Hiller finally threw him out and occupied the village. Immediately after the battle, Hiller was all for attacking the French on Lobau island, but this was rejected by Erzherzog Carl. There was now considerable bitterness between Hiller and the Erzherzog. On 4 July 1809 – one day beforde the battle of Wagram - Hiller asked to be relieved of his command. His wish was granted immediately. For his distinguished service at Aspern he was promoted to FZM on 3 August 1809 and returned to command the military border area.
In 1813, he commanded the Army of Inner Austria and went into Italy, to repossess Illyria and Venice. On 19 November 1813, he clashed with Prince Eugene's rearguard (GdD Comte Paul Grenier's division) at San Michele and successfully defeated it. His failure to defeat Prince Eugene soundly enough, caused him to be removed from his command.
In 1814 Hiller was appointed Commanding General of Siebenbürgen (Transylvania) and also Colonel Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°53. He died in 1819, as Commanding General in Galicia, in Lemberg on 5 June.

Printed Sources
ADB 12, p.423f. | Bodart, pp.398, 400, 401 | BU 19, p.438f. | Frank 2, p.204 | Hirtenfeld 2, p.854ff. | Hollins, p.17f. | MD 2, p.192 | MilSchem | ÖBL 2, p.317 | ÖMKL 3, p.185ff. (wrong: b. in Brody / Mjr 12.1783) | Rauchensteiner, Manfried: Das sechste österr. Armeekorps im Krieg 1809. Nach den Aufzeichnungen des FZM Johann Freiherr v. Hiller (1749-1819). In: Mitteilungen des Österreichischen Staatsarchivs, vol.17/18, Vienna 1965 | Rauchensteiner, Manfried: Feldzeugmeister Johann Freiherr von Hiller, Ph.D. thesis Vienna 1965 | Rauchensteiner, Manfried: Die Armee von Innerösterreich und ihr Kommandant im Jahre 1813. In: Carinthia I. Geschichtliche und volkskundliche Beiträge zur Heimatkunde Kärntens, year 157 (1967), p.327ff. | Ritter, p.78 | Wrede 1, pp.126, 485 | Wrede (6), p.32 | Wurzbach 9, p.20ff. (wrong: b. in Brody) | WZ, 29.08.1807, 25.11.1809, 15.06.1814 | Zivkovic, Generalität, p.38 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, pp.58, 63, 65, 68, 72, 129, 130

Internet Sources
Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
Ebert (http://www.napoleon-online.de/AU_Generale/html/hiller.html)

Notes
1) Wurzbach / Schmidt-Brentano (item: 1748): 10.06.1754 (?)
2) Zivkovic, Generalität: FZM on 31.07.1809 (?)

 

 H47 Hillinger, Karl von
 

Dates of Life
Born: Ödenburg (Sopron) / Hungary, 1743
Died: 03.12.1817

Promotions
Major: 07.1793
Oberstleutnant: 04.1797
Oberst: 22.07.1799
Generalmajor: 01.09.1805 (w.r.f. 16.01.1804)
Retired: 1805

Field Service (1792-1815)
Commander of the Austrian forces at the combat of Pojano: 02.11.1805 (–)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Printed Sources
Bodart, p.367 | Kreipner, IR34, p.251, 313f., 348f. | MilSchem

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 H48 Hirsch, Anton Stephan von
 

Dates of Life
Born: Brünn (Brno) / Moravia, 1761
Died: Gyöngyös (n.l.) / Hungary, 02.03.1827

Promotions
Major: 20.03.1805
Oberstleutnant: 24.12.1807
Oberst: 27.05.1809
Generalmajor: 08.10.1813
Retired: 07.10.1815

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Printed Sources
Blažekovič, IR31, I, p.290 / II, p.382 | MilSchem | WZ, 04.06.1814

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 H49 Hirsch, Georg von
 

Dates of Life
Born: 17??
Died: Gyöngyös (n.l.) / Hungary, 11.10.1840

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant: 02.12.1808
Oberst: 31.05.1809
Generalmajor: 26.12.1813 (w.r.f. 07.10.1815)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Decoration of the Elisabeth Theresian Military Foundation: 1821

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Printed Sources
Amon, DR9, pp.235, 244, 390 | Auer, N°124 | MilSchem | Tomaschek, DR8, p.292, 693, 718

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 H50 Hochenegg, (Sigmund) Friedrich Karl Wilhelm Freiherr von
Hochenegg, (Sigmund) Friedrich Karl Wilhelm Graf von
 

Dates of Life
Born: "Homber" or "Hambe(r)" (n.l.)1 / Franconia, 28.07.1770
Died: Hütteldorf near Vienna, 14.06.1848

Name Variants
also: Hoheneckh, Hoheneck, Hohenegg, Hocheneck, Hocheneckh

Promotions
Major: 18.10.18042
Oberstleutnant: 01.11.1807
Oberst: 15.01.1813
Generalmajor: 27.02.18143
Feldmarschalleutnant: 11.01.1830
Retired: 16.05.1831

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Military Commander in the Bukowina (Czernowitz): 11.1817 – 01.1830

Elevation of Social Status
Graf: 27.04.1831

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°20: 02.09.1826 – 14.06.1848
I.R. Chamberlain: 1815

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Printed Sources
Amon, IR20, pp.449, 503ff. | Leitner 2, p.159 | MD 2, p.195 | MilSchem | ÖMKL 3, p.199 (wrong: Mjr in 12.1804) | Pickl, p.288 | Svoboda 1, col.166f. | Wrede 1, p.257 | WZ, 18.11.1807, 02.03.1813, 29.06.1814 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, p.77

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes
1) All sources with variant spellings of this unidentifiable village (ÖMKL: "Hamrich" ?), a property of his parents lying in the Franconian Circle of the Holy Roman Empire
2) Svoboda 1, col.166: 18.12.1804 (?)
3) Amon, IR20, p.507: 01.03.1814 (?) / Svoboda 1, col.166: 07.03.1814 (?)

 

 H51 Hoditz und Wolfranitz, Franz Vincenz Ferrer Graf von
 

Dates of Life
Born: 04.06.1744
Died: Vienna, 18.05.1798

Promotions
Major: 1772 (1776 ?)
Oberstleutnant: 1777
Oberst: 1784
Generalmajor: 16.01.1790 (w.r.f. 29.11.1789)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 04.03.1796 (w.r.f. 22.06.1795)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
MilSchem | Pizzighelli, DR3, pp.34, 36 | Wrede, DR6, pp.640 (Mjr in 1772 ?), 929 (Mjr in 1776 ?)

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 H52 Högel, Franz
Högel von Hochheim, Franz
 

Dates of Life
Born: 17??
Died: Vienna, 13.05.1822

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor (title a.h.): 07.1803 (w.r.f. 16.07.1803)
Retired: 1805

Elevation of Social Status
plain nobility: 09.08.1801 (with predicate: "von Hochheim")

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Printed Sources
MilSchem

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 H53 Hoffer, Oktavian
 

Dates of Life
Born: Brünn (Brno) / Moravia, 27.08.1753
Died: Fünfkirchen (Pécs) / Hungary, 26.12.1819

Name Variants
also: Hofer

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 01.09.1812
Retired: 01.09.1812

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Printed Sources
Leitner 2, p.100 | MilSchem | Svoboda, col.84 | WZ, 01.10.1812

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 H54 Hoffmeister, Joseph
Hoffmeister von Hoffenegg, Joseph
 

Dates of Life
Born: 17??
Died: Lemberg (Lwów, L’viv) / Galicia, 22.05.1820

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 12.02.1809
Feldmarschalleutnant: 02.08.1813
Retired: 04.10.1815

Elevation of Social Status
plain nobility: 12.11.1816 (with predicate: "von Hoffenegg")

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)
On 12 February 1809, Joseph Hoffmeister was promoted to Major General and commanded an infantry brigade on 2 May at Ebelsberg, in Hiller's VI Corps. From 1-4 June 1809, his brigade was in Pressburg, fending off repeated assaults on that bridgehead by General Comte Antione-Charles-Louis Lasalle, who was killed on 6 July at Wagram. Hoffmeister was not at Aspern, but fought at Wagram, in Hohenfeld's division, VI Corps. At Znaim he commanded an infantry brigade in V Corps. Hoffmeister was promoted to Feldmarschalleutnant on 2 August 1813 and retired two years later. He died on 22 May 1820.

Printed Sources
Frank-Döfering, 1959 | MilSchem | WZ, 16.10.1813

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 H55 Hofmann, Anton von
 

Dates of Life
Born: around 1738
Died: Brünn (Brno) / Moravia, 16.04.1801

Name Variants
also: Hoffmann

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 03.10.1789 (w.r.f. 09.09.1798)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
MilSchem

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 H56 Hohenfeld, Otto Adolph Karl Johann Graf von
 

Dates of Life
Born: Linz / Upper Austria, 29.09.1764
Died: Linz / Upper Austria, 14.05.1824

Promotions
Major: 01.10.17931
Oberstleutnant: 15.03.1797
Oberst: 02.12.17992
Generalmajor: 01.09.18053 (w.r.f. 16.02.1804)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 27.05.1809
Retired: 1809

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)
Otto Adolf Karl Johann Graf von Hohenfeld was born on 29 September 1764 in Linz. On 1 September 1805, he was promoted to Major General. For the 1805 campaign he commanded a grenadier brigade in Hohenzollern's division of Werneck's Reserve. In 1809, he commanded a brigade in Hiller's force at Ebelsberg on 2 May. On 27 May of that year, he was promoted to Feldmarschalleutnant. He fought at Aspern and at Wagram, where he commanded a division in VI Corps. He retired that same year and died on 14 May 1824.

Printed Sources
Amon, IR4, p.353 | Buschek, IR23, I, pp.639, 676, 711, 818f. (wrong: b. 1765), 925 | Kreipner, IR34, pp.251, 311f. | MilSchem | (Wurzbach 9, p.191) | WZ, 25.11.1809

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes
1) Kreipner, IR34, p.251: 09.1793 (?)
2) Amon, IR4, p.353: 21.11.1799 (?)
3) Buschek, IR23, I, pp.711, 819, 925: 27.08.1805 (?)

 

 H57 Hohenfeld, Otto Philipp Dominik Joseph Graf von
 

Dates of Life
Born: 18.02.1733
Died: Linz / Upper Austria, 17.04.1799
1

Family Status
Married: 1765 Maria Therese Gräfin Kinsky (1730-1797)

Promotions
Major: 12.1760
Oberstleutnant: 01.04.1765
Oberst: 01.11.1765
Generalmajor: 01.05.1773 (w.r.f. 03.02.1770)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 10.04.1783 (w.r.f. 28.04.1783)
Feldzeugmeister: (10.02.?)1790 (w.r.f. 10.12.1790)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
2nd Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°23: 15.12.1779 – 17.04.1799

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
Buschek, IR23, I, pp.518, 523, 553, 650 (wrong: d. 17.03.1799), 802 | MD 2, p.198 | MD 7, p.107 | MilSchem | Wrede 2, p.233 | (Wurzbach 9, p.192) | Zivkovic, Generalität, p.36

Internet Sources
Marek (http://genealogy.euweb.cz/bohemia/kinski3.html)
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes
1) MD 7, p.107 / Schmidt-Brentano (item 17.04.1799): 19.04.1799 (?)

 

 H58 Hohenlohe-Bartenstein, Ludwig Alois Joachim Prinz zu
 

Dates of Life
Born: Bartenstein / Hohenlohe, 18.08.1765
Died: Lunéville / Lorraine or Paris / France, 31.05.1829

Family Status
Married (1): 1786 Franziska Wilhelmina Gräfin von Manderscheid-Blankenheim (1770-1789)
Married (2): 1790 Maria Crescentia Altgräfin zu Salm-Reifferscheidt (1768-1826)

Promotions
France:
[rank]: ?
Netherlands:
[rank]: ?
Into Austrian service: 1795
Oberstleutnant: ?
Oberst: 12.07.1797
Generalmajor: 24.09.1799 (w.r.f. 17.09.1799)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 20.02.18061
Left active service: E.1809
Reactivated: 05.06.1811
Feldzeugmeister: 29.04.1814
Retired: 29.04.1814
Quit: 17.07.1816
Into French service:
Lieutenant General: 09.06.1816
Marshal of France: 08.08.1827

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Military Commander in Carinthia (Klagenfurt): 08.1801 – 1805

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°26: 1803-1814
2nd Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°26: 1814-1815
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°41: 10.1815 – 1817

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
Bavaria:
Order of St. Hubert
France:
Pair of France
Order of the Holy Spirit: 09.06.1816
Military Order of St. Louis – KC: 1795
Order of St. Michael – CC: 09.06.1816
Hessen-Kassel:
Order of the Golden Lion - ?C
Hohenlohe:
Order of the Phoenix: ? cl. / Grandmaster: ?
Russia:
Order of St. Anne 1st cl.

Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)
Born on 18 August 1765 in Bartenstein, in south west Germany the prince entered military service in the French Emigré Corps, Legion Mirabeau, on the upper Rhine in 1792. He quickly became a Colonel in the cavalry. He then transferred to Dutch service, where he was distinguished in the defence of Bommel Island at the end of 1794. Prince Ludwig Alois then entered Austrian service when Holland fell under French influence. On 12 July 1797, he was appointed 2nd Colonel in Infantry Regiment Kerpen N°49 and fought under Erzherzog Carl until 1799, when he retired.
He returned to Austrian service on 24 September 1799 as a Major General and was given command of a brigade in the Defensive Army. In 1803, he was appointed Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°26, which post he held until 1814.
He fought in the 1805 campaign, commanding a brigade of grenadiers in Italy, including the battle of Caldiero, 29-31 October, where he was distinguished.
On 22 February 1806 he was promoted to Feldmarschalleutnant and in 1807 he was appointed Governor of Galicia and refused Napoleon's order to enter the armed forces of the Confederation of the Rhine to which his principality belonged.
In 1809 he was commander of a division in Orsini's IV Corps and fought at Aspern and Wagram and retired at the end of the campaign. In 1813 he re-entered Austrian service and was distinguished in the defence of Seiffertshain, Leipzig, on 18 October of that year. He thence went on to the blockade of Dresden.
In 1814 he fought in the allied victory at La Ferté-sur-Aube on 28 February. Later the prince occupied Troyes and became governor of the town. He was also engaged at Arcis-sur-Aube on 20-21 March, where the Austrians defeated Napoleon. On 29 April 1814, he was promoted to Feldzeugmeister.
He retired on 17 July 1816 and took service in France under the Bourbons as Lieutenant General in the German Legion which bore his name. In 1823 he was commander of the French army sent against Spain. In 1827 Prince Ludwig Alois was promoted to Marshal of France, appointed Peer of France and Inspector General of Cavalry. When he died (on 31 May 1829) he did not leave enough to cover the costs of his funeral.

Printed Sources
Courcelles 6, p.448f. | MilSchem | Nekrolog 1829/2, N°204 (p.465ff.) | ÖMKL 3, p.249f. (wrong: GM 05.05.1800) | Wrede 1, pp.300, 409 | Wurzbach 9, p.193f. | WZ, 14.07.1816 | Zivkovic, Generalität, p.40 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, p.75

Internet Sources
Ebert (http://www.napoleon-online.de/AU_Generale/html/hohenlohe3.html)
Marek (http://genealogy.euweb.cz/hlohe/hlohe7.html) (wrong: d. 31.05.1827)
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
Theroff (http://pages.prodigy.net/ptheroff/gotha/hohenlohe.html)

Notes
1) ÖMKL 3, p.250: 22.02.1806 (?)

 

 H59 Hohenlohe-Ingelfingen, Friedrich Karl Wilhelm Fürst zu
 

Dates of Life
Born: Ingelfingen / Hohenlohe, 16.02.1752
Died: Kaschau (Košice, Kassa) / Com. Abaúj-Torna / Hungary, 16.06.1815

Promotions
Major: 09.11.1781
Oberstleutnant: 01.05.1784
Oberst: 11.02.1790
Generalmajor: 11.10.1794 (w.r.f. 01.05.1794)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 06.03.1800 (w.r.f. 09.09.1799)
Retired: 26.12.1809

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Adlatus of the Commanding General in Galicia: 02.-11.1809

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 21.11.1799
Colonel-Proprietor of the Dragoon Regiment N°7 / (since 1802:) N°2: 01.05.1801 – 1814
2nd Colonel-Proprietor of the Dragoon Regiment N°2: 1814 – 16.06.1815

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
(Palatinate-)Bavaria:
Order of St. Hubert: before 1796

Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)
Friedrich Karl Wilhelm Fürst zu Hohenlohe-Ingelfingen (born in Ingelfingen, southwest Germany, on 16 February 1752) entered Austrian military service in the Cuirassiers in 1772. In 1781, he was a major in Dragoon Regiment N°39 "Waldeck", which unit he commanded as Colonel in the wars against the Turks in 1788/89.
In 1793 he served in the Army of the Upper Rhine, under GdK Graf Wurmser. In 1794 he fought on the Rhine, under FZM Hohenlohe-Kirchberg and was distinguished in the actions at Kaiserslautern (20 September) and Oggersheim (9 October). On 11 October of that year Prince Friedrich was promoted to Major General. In 1795 the prince took part in the successful assault on Mainz (29 October) and was victorious in the action at Bacharach (17 December). In 1796 he served in Germany under Erzherzog Carl and was at the battle of Würzburg as a cavalry brigade commander.
In 1799, the prince fought on the Rhine as a brigade commander in FML Graf von Riesch's cavalry division and was distinguished in the battle of Stockach, on 25-26 March, when his Cuirassiers overthrew GdD Jean-Joseph-Ange Hautpoule's cavalry division. On 3 November, on his own initiative, he attacked the French under Ney at Löchgau-Erligheim on the River Enz and inflicted a smart defeat on them. This victory caused the French under Lecourbe, to lift the siege of the fortress of Philippsburg. For this action he won the Knight's Cross of the Military Maria Theresian Order on 21 November 1799. On 2-3 December 1799, he commanded the 3rd Assault Column under FML Graf von Sztaray, in the victory at Wiesloch over Lecourbe's troops. On 6 March 1800 he was promoted to Feldmarschalleutnant and commanded a cavalry division in the Centre at the defeat in the battle of Hohenlinden on 3 December. In 1801 he was made Proprietor of Dragoon Regiment N°7. In December 1805 Prince Friedrich Karl commanded the Austrian cavalry in Prinz Johann von Liechtenstein's 5th Column at Austerlitz. He retired in December 1809 and died on 16 June 1815 in Kaschau, in Hungary (today: Slovakia).

Printed Sources
Hirtenfeld 1, p.558f. | MilSchem | ÖBL 2, p.392 | ÖMKL 3, p.250f. | Wenzlik-Ebert, p.12f. | Wrede 3, p.305 | Wurzbach 9, p.194ff. | WZ, 26.05.1815 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, p.63

Internet Sources
Ebert (http://www.napoleon-online.de/AU_Generale/html/hohenlohe.html)
Jewison/Steiner
Marek (http://genealogy.euweb.cz/hlohe/hlohe5.html)
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 H60 Hohenlohe-Kirchberg, Friedrich Wilhelm Fürst zu
 

Dates of Life
Born: Kirchberg / Hohenlohe, 03.12.1732
Died: Prague (Praha) / Bohemia, 10.08.1796

Family Status
Married: 1770 Friederike Gräfin Reuss zu Greiz (1748-1816)

Promotions
Major: E. 1758
Oberstleutnant: 25.08.17611
Oberst: 1764
Generalmajor: 08.01.1770 (w.r.f. 23.12.1769)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 10.04.1783 (w.r.f. 24.04.1783)
Feldzeugmeister: 15.10.1789

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Commanding General in Transylvania: 01.1789 – 01.1790
Commanding General in Bohemia: 18.12.1791 – 05.1792
Chief of the Quartermaster General Staff: 05.1793 – 02.1794

Field Service (1789-1815)
Commander of the autonomous Corps in Transylvania: 02.1789 – 01.1790
Commander of the autonomous Corps in Bohemia: 02.-08.1790
Chief of the (Quartermaster) General Staff of the Army of the Netherlands: 05.1793 – 02.1794
Commander of the autonomous Corps Hohenlohe: 07.1792 – 05.1793

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 22.12.1761 / CC: 09.10.1789 / GC: 31.12.1792
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°17: 21.12.1780 – 10.08.1796

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)
Friedrich Fürst zu Hohenlohe-Kirchberg was born on 3 December 1732 in Kirchberg. His Austrian military career began when he joined the Infantry Regiment N°29 "Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel". He fought in the Seven Years War as a captain of grenadiers and was wounded in the battle of Leuthen (5 December 1757) and again at Landshut on 23 June 1760, where he stormed three Prussian redoubts. For this he won the Knight's Cross of the Military Maria Theresian Order on 22 December 1761. The prince married the Countess Friederike of Reuss-Greitz in 1770, the same year in which he received his promotion to Major General. Prince Friedrich Wilhelm took part in the War of the Bavarian Succession (1778-79). In 1780, he became Colonel-Proprietor of Infantry Regiment N°17. Three years later, he was promoted to Feldmarschalleutnant. As division commander the prince fought in the wars with the Turks from 1787-92. On 7-8 October 1789, he beat the Turks in the battle of Persenji, Wallachia. For this he received the Commander's Cross of the MMTO. On 15 October 1789, he was promoted to Feldzeugmeister and appointed to Commanding General in Transylvania (Siebenbürgen).
In 1792, he was given command of all available Austrian troops (50,000 men) on the upper Rhine. On 2 August 1792, in concert with the advance of the Austrian main body under the Herzog von Braunschweig, he crossed the Rhine at Mannheim and advanced on the fortress of Thionville on the River Moselle. Following an unsuccessful bombardment of the place from 3-5 September, Hohenlohe-Kirchberg's corps (together with the Hessians and the French émigre corps) was sent off to Clermont on the Verdun–Chalons road, to cover the southern flank of the Prussian advance on Valmy. Following the fiasco there, he withdrew eastwards and adopted a defensive position behind the Moselle. From 4-7 December, he was able to defend Trier on that river from the attacks of GdD Pierre de Riel Beurnonville's Armée de la Moselle. Beurnonville was sacked for his failure. On 31 December 1792, Hohenlohe-Kirchberg was awarded the Grand Cross of The MMTO. At the end of that year, Hohenlohe-Kirchberg's corps was in Luxemburg, and on 23 May 1793, he played a decisive part in the allied victory at Famars. In the last months of 1793, and until May 1794, he acted as General Quarter Master (Chief of Staff) to the main allied army in Flanders under FM Prinz von Sachsen-Coburg-Saalfeld. Hohenlohe-Kirchberg was responsible for the French defeat of Avesnes-le-Sec on 12 September 1793. In 1794, he commanded a corps on the upper Rhine and was responsible for the recapture of Speyer on 17 September. His failing health forced him then to retire. He died on 10 August 1796 of a high fever in Prague.

Printed Sources
ADB 12, p.684f. | Hirtenfeld 1, p.354ff. | Hödl, IR29, pp.110, 137, 152, 609 (wrong: Obstlt in 1759) | Megerle, p.290 | MilSchem, especially year 1797, p.245ff. | ÖMKL 3, p.248f. (wrong: GM in 1773) | Regele, p.28 | Strobl, IR17, I, pp.102-104, 115, table V / II, p.1 | Wrede 1, p.234 | Wrede (6), p.41 | Wurzbach, 9, p.196f. | Zeissberg, Heinrich von: Erzherzog Carl und Prinz Hohenlohe-Kirchberg. Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte des Feldzuges in die Champagne (1792), Vienna 1888 (= special issue from the Archiv für österreichische Geschichte 73, 1st half) | Zivkovic, Generalität, p.36 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, pp.51, 57, 108, 127

Internet Sources
Jewison/Steiner
Ebert (http://www.napoleon-online.de/AU_Generale/html/hohenlohe2.html) (wrong: b. 02.12.1732)
Marek (http://genealogy.euweb.cz/hlohe/hlohe3.html)
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes
1) Hödl, IR29, pp.137: 25.08.1760 (?)

 

 H61 Hohenlohe-Langenburg, Karl Gustav Heinrich Wilhelm Prinz zu
 

Dates of Life
Born: Leeuwarden / Netherlands, 29.08.17771
Died: Brünn (Brno) / Moravia, 26.06.1866

Family Status
Married: 1816 Friederike Landgräfin zu Fürstenberg (1781-1858)

Promotions
Major: 1805
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 30.04.1815
Feldmarschalleutnant: 21.12.1830
Feldzeugmeister: 23.12.1845
Retired: 16.05.1848

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
First Vice-President of the Aulic War Council: 1835

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Order of St. Stephen – CC: ~ 05.1814
Order of Leopold – GC
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°17: 02.11.1826 – 26.06.1866
I.R. Privy Councillor

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
Naples-Sicily:
Order of St. Januarius: 1821
Russia:
Order of St. Vladimir 3rd cl. ? / w. swords

Printed Sources
MilSchem | Strobl, IR17, I, pp.157f., 221, table VII / II, p.1 | Wrede 1, p.234 | WZ, 28.06.1814, 08.05.1815

Internet Sources
Marek (http://genealogy.euweb.cz/hlohe/hlohe4.html)
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes
1) Strobl, IR17, I, p.157: Wolwega / Netherlands, 28.11.1777 (?)

 

 H62 Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingsfürst, Karl Albrecht Christian Prinz zu
Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingsfürst, Karl Albrecht II. Christian Fürst zu
 

Dates of Life
Born: Schillingsfürst / Hohenlohe, 21.02.1742
Died: Kupferzell / Hohenlohe, 14.06.1796

Family Status
Father of H63
Married (1): 1761 Leopoldine Prinzessin zu Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rochefort (1739-1765)
Married (2): 1773 Judith Freiin Reviczky von Revisnye (1753-1836)

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 25.04.1775 (w.r.f. 04.01.1771)

Elevation of Social Status
Hohenlohe:
Regierender Fürst (sovereign prince): 25.01.1793

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
MilSchem

Internet Sources
Marek (http://genealogy.euweb.cz/hlohe/hlohe8.html)
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
Theroff (http://pages.prodigy.net/ptheroff/gotha/hohenlohe.html)

 

 H63 Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingsfürst, Karl Albrecht Philipp Joseph Prinz zu
Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingsfürst, Karl Albrecht III. Philipp Joseph Fürst zu
 

Dates of Life
Born: Vienna, 29.02.17761
Died: Mergentheim / Württemberg, 15.06.1843

Family Status
Sohn von H62
Married (1): 1797 Auguste Prinzessin zu Isenburg und Büdingen in Birstein (1779-1803)
Married (2): 1813 Leopoldine Prinzessin zu Fürstenberg (1791-1844)

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 07.08.1800 (w.r.f. 03.08.1800)

Elevation of Social Status
Hohenlohe-Waldenburg:
Regierender Fürst (sovereign prince): 14.06.1796 – 1806

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
MilSchem (last entry: year 1822)

Internet Sources
Marek (http://genealogy.euweb.cz/hlohe/hlohe8.html)
Schmidt-Brentano
Theroff (http://pages.prodigy.net/ptheroff/gotha/hohenlohe.html)

Notes
1) Schmidt-Brentano: 28.02.1776 (?)

 

 H64 Hohenzollern-Hechingen, Friedrich Anton Graf zu
Hohenzollern-Hechingen, Friedrich Anton Fürst zu
 

Dates of Life
Born: Freiburg im Breisgau / Anterior Austria, 24.02.1726
Died: Brünn (Brno) / Moravia, 26.02.1812

Family Status
Brother of H66
Uncle of H65
Married: 1774 Ernestine Josephine Gräfin von Sobeck (around 1753-1825)

Promotions
Major: 26.02.1757
Oberstleutnant: 11.03.1758
Oberst: 24.04.1763
Generalmajor: 07.09.17711 (w.r.f. 14.07.1765)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 10.04.1783 (w.r.f. 04.04.1783)
General der Kavallerie: 10.11.1788 (w.r.f. 01.11.1788)
Retired: 09.11.1788

Elevation of Social Status
Hohenzollern:
Fürst: 01.08.1806

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
2nd Colonel-Proprietor of the Cuirassier Regiment N°4: 03.08.1775 – 1780
Colonel-Proprietor of the Cuirassier Regiment N°4 / (since 1798:) N°8: 1780 – 26.02.1812
I.R. Chamberlain: 1775

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
Prussia:
Order of the Black Eagle: before 1796
Order of the Red Eagle (1st cl.?): before 1796
Württemberg:
Order of the Golden Eagle: before 1796

Printed Sources
Dedekind, DR11, pp.189, 664, 721 | MD 2, p.199 | MilSchem | ÖMKL 3, p.251f. | Pickl, p.285 | Tomaschek, DR8, pp.244, 247, 683 | Wrede 3, p.175 | Wurzbach 9, p.210f. | WZ, 21.03.1812

Internet Sources
Marek (http://genealogy.euweb.cz/hohz/hohenz9.html)
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes
1) Dedekind, DR11, p.721: 31.08.1771 (?)

 

 H65 Hohenzollern-Hechingen, Friedrich Franz Xaver Graf zu
Hohenzollern-Hechingen, Friedrich Franz Xaver Prinz zu
 

Dates of Life
Born: Gheule Castle near Maastricht / Austrian Netherlands, 31.05.1757
Died: Vienna, 06.04.1844

Family Status
Nephew of H64, H66
Married: 1783 Maria Theresia Gräfin von Wildenstein (1763-1835)

Promotions
Major: 29.01.1788
Oberstleutnant: 17.02.1790
Oberst: 01.01.1793
Generalmajor: 04.03.17961 (w.r.f. 12.03.1796)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 02.10.1799 (w.r.f. 29.09.1799)
General der Kavallerie: 03.08.1809
Feldmarschall: 18.09.1830

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Military Commander in West Galicia (Krakau): 06.1805 – 11.1809 (01.1810)
Commanding General in Inner Austria / (since 1816:) Illyria, Inner Austria and the Tyrol: 11.1809 – 10.1825
President of the Aulic War Council: 16.10.1825 – 18.09.1830
Captain of the First Arcièren Life Guard: 10.01.1826 – 06.04.1844

Field Command (1792-1815)
Commander of the Austrian forces at the combat of Modena: 12.06.1799 (–)
Commander of the Austrian forces at the combat of La Bocchetta: 09.04.1800 (+)
Commander of the Austrian forces at the combat at the Monte Creto: 13.05.1800 (+)
Commander of the Austrian forces at the combat of Herbrechtingen: 16.10.1805 (–)
Commander of the 3rd Army Corps: 02.-05.1809
Commander of the 2nd Army Corps: 05.-11.1809
Commander of the Reserve Corps in Galicia: 05.1812 – 05.1813
Commander of the 2nd Reserve Corps: 09.1813 – 01.1814
Commander of the 2nd Army Corps of the Army of the Upper Rhine: 04.-10.1815

Elevation of Social Status
Hohenzollern:
Fürst: 1806

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Order of the Golden Fleece: 09.10.1826
Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 29.04.1797 / CC: 06.05.1809
Order of Leopold – GC: 18.09.1826
Golden Civil Honor Cross 1813/14: 26.05.1815
2nd Colonel-Proprietor of the Dragoon Regiment N°3 / (since 1798:) N°2: 1798-1801
Colonel-Proprietor of the Dragoon Regiment N°4 / (since 1802:) Chevauxleger Regiment N°2: 1801 – 06.04.1844
I.R. Privy Councillor: 2nd H. 1804
I.R. Chamberlain: 1776

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
Baden:
Order of Fidelity
Order of the Lion of Zähringen – GC: 1815
Hohenzollern:
Princely House Order of Hohenzollern 1st cl.: 1842
Parma:
Constantinian Order of St. George – GC: 1830
Prussia:
Order of the Black Eagle: 1810
Order of the Red Eagle 1st cl.: 1810

Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)
Friedrich Franz Fürst zu Hohenzollern-Hechingen was born on 31 May 1757, in Gheule castle, near Maastricht. He entered Dutch military service in 1775, but transferred to Austrian service in the 4th Cuirassiers "Friedrich Anton Fürst von Hohenzollern-Hechingen", his uncle's regiment, in 1776. He fought in the War of the Bavarian Succession and in the wars against the Turks. In autumn of 1789, he was distinguished in the siege of Belgrade. The next year the prince was promoted to Oberstleutnant and in 1793, to Oberst. That year he fought in many engagements in Flanders, including Neerwinden (18 March), Leuven (23 March) and Wattignies (15-16 October). In 1794 he was also often in action, particularly at the sieges of Landrecies and Charleroi. In 1795 his regiment was initially at Mainz, later with the Army of the Upper Rhine. On 4 March 1796 Prince Friedrich Franz was promoted Major General and served in Italy as General of Command of Allvinczy's Avantgarde in his Corps of the Friaul. He was involved in the attempted relief of Mantua and fought at Castiglione on 5 August, where the attempted relief failed. He also fought in the next Austrian defeat at St. Giorgio on 15 September and was then forced to take refuge in Mantua. He then fought in the garrison's sortie from La Favorita on 16 January. On 29 April 1797, the prince was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Military Maria Theresian Order.
In the wars of the Second Coalition (1799-1801) Prince Friedrich Franz again fought in Italy and was repeatedly distinguished, as in the battle of Magnano (5 April 1799), the Trebbia River (17-20 June 1799), Novi (15 August 1799). He was also beaten by Marshal Macdonald at Modena on 12 June of that year. After this campaign, he was promoted to Feldmarschalleutnant. In 1800, he fought in the siege of Genoa (La Boccetta, 9 April, Sassello, 10 April, Monte Creto, 13 May); he then commanded Genoa from 4-14 June. In the winter of 1800, he fought at the Mincio River on 25-26 December and was again distinguished.
In 1805, he commanded a division in Werneck's corps in Swabia. On 13 October, he left Ulm with his division, escaped from the capitulation of Trochtelfingen and saved his command. On 19 October, he joined up with Erzherzog Ferdinand's group at Gunzenhausen and reached Bohemia. At the end of the year, he clashed with the Bavarians at Wonau (2 December) and Stecken (5 December), scoring up more victories, even if minor.
In 1809, he took over the command of the III Corps, with which he fought at Hausen and Thann on 19 April and at Eggmühl on 22 April. At Aspern and Wagram, he commanded the II Corps, with distinction. On 3 August 1809, he was promoted to General of Cavalry. From 14 October (November ?), he was appointed Commanding General in Inner Austria, with his GHQ in Graz. In 1812 he was given command of the Austrian Reserve Corps in Galicia.
In the spring of 1813, Prince Friedrich Franz was sent back to Graz to organize the raising of new troops, to guard against enemy invasion from Italy. In 1815, he was given command of the II Austrian Corps under Schwarzenberg; he then returned to Graz after the campaign.
In 1825 he was appointed President of the Aulic War Council (Hofkriegsrat) and five years later (18 September 1830) the prince received his promotion to Field Marshal. He then retired and died on 6 April 1844 in Vienna.

Printed Sources
Amon, Hauptleute, p.62ff. | ADB 12, p.701 | Bodart, pp.336, 350, 352, 354, 364 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.846ff. | HKR-Präs, N°29 (p.49ff.) | Hollins, p.8ff. | MD 2, p.199 | MilSchem | ÖBL 2, p.397f. | ÖMKL 3, p.252ff. | ÖMZ year 1846, vol.1, p.115ff.: Smola, Karl v.: Biographische Skizze des k.k. Feldmarschalls Prinz Friedrich Franz Xavier zu Hohenzollern-Hechingen | Pickl, p.285 | Pizzighelli, DR5, pp.52, 254 | Smola, Karl v.: Das Leben des Feldmarschalls Prinzen Friedrich Franz Xavier zu Hohenzollern-Hechingen, Vienna 1845 | Wrede 3, pp.346, 682 | Wrede (6), p.20 | Wurzbach 9, p.211ff. | WZ, 25.11.1809 (wrong: "Feldzeugmeister"), 28.05.1815 | Zivkovic, Generalität, pp.14, 39 (wrong: GdK on 31.07.1809) | Zivkovic, Heerführer, pp.4, 44, 54, 78, 130-133

Internet Sources
Boettger
Jewison/Steiner
Ebert (http://www.napoleon-online.de/AU_Generale/html/hohenzollern.html) (wrong: GdK on 31.07.1809)
Marek (http://genealogy.euweb.cz/hohz/hohenz9.html)
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes
1) Amon, Hauptleute, p.64: 03.03.1796

 

 H66 Hohenzollern-Hechingen, Joseph Friedrich Wilhelm Fürst zu
 

Dates of Life
Born: Bayreuth / Brandenburg-Bayreuth, 12.11.1711
Died: Hechingen / Hohenzollern, 09.04.1798

Family Status
Brother of H64
Uncle of H65
Married (1): 1750 Maria Theresia Folch de Cardona y Silva (1732-1750)
Married (2): 1751 Therese Gräfin von Waldburg-Zeil-Wurzach (1732-1802)

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 25.06.1750
Feldmarschalleutnant: 27.01.1757
General der Kavallerie: 01.03.1758
Holy Roman Empire:
Reichs-Generalfeldmarschalleutnant: 26.05.1756 / 09.06.17581
Reichs-General der Kavallerie: 17.01.17722
Reichs-Generalfeldmarschall: 13.07.17873

Change of Social Status
Regierender Fürst (sovereign prince): 1750 (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
MilSchem | Neuhaus, pp.339, 340 | Zivkovic, Generalität, p.31 (wrong: GdK on 22.01.1758)

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
Marek (http://genealogy.euweb.cz/hohz/hohenz9.html) (wrong: b. 1717)

Notes
1) Date of the Reichsgutachten / Date of the imperial decree of ratification (Ratifikationsdekret)
2) Date of the Reichsgutachten
3) Date of the Reichsgutachten

 

 H67 Holmer, Andreas von
 

Dates of Life
Born: 17??
Died: 06.01.1796

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 18.10.1791 (w.r.f. 15.03.1789)

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Fortress Commandant of Eger: before 1793 – 06.01.1796

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Decoration of the Elisabeth Theresian Military Foundation: 1788

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
Auer, N°127 | MilSchem

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 H68 Holtmann, Philipp von
 

Dates of Life
Born: 17??
Died: Olmütz (Olomouc) / Moravia, 03.08.1803

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor (title a.h.): 08.08.1797 (w.r.f. 26.02.1794)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
MilSchem

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 H69 Horváth-Petrichevich de Széplak, Kasimir Freiherr von
 

Dates of Life
Born: Széplak / Transylvania, 1735
Died: 18.02.1794

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst: 1783
Generalmajor: 09.10.1789 (w.r.f. 30.09.1789)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 19.12.1790

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
Hirtenfeld 1, p.299f. | Leitner 2, p.50ff. (wrong: "Horwath de Palocz") | MD 3, p.8 | MilSchem | Wurzbach 9, p.326ff.

Internet Sources
Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 H70 Hotze, (Johann Conrad) Friedrich (von)
Hotze, (Johann Conrad) Friedrich Ritter von
 

Dates of Life
Born: Richterswil (Richtersweil) / Switzerland, 20.04.1739
Died: KIA Schänis an der Linth / Switzerland, 25.09.1799

Name Variants
actual: Johann Conrad Hotz

Family Status
Unmarried

Promotions
Into Russian service: 15.05.1768
Second-Major: E. 1771
Premier-Major: 1774
Left Russian service: 18.09.1776
Into Austrian service: 13.01.1778
Major: 13.01.1778
Oberstleutnant: 07.11.1784
Oberst: 15.02.17861
Generalmajor: 27.02.1793
Feldmarschalleutnant: 04.03.1796 (w.r.f. 03.11.1795)2
Left Austrian service: 15.02.1798
Into Austrian service again: 29.01.1799

Field Service (1792-1815)
Commander of the Austrian forces at the battle of Wörth: 22.12.1793 (–)
Commander of the Army of Inner Austria: 01.1798 – 07.1798
Commander of the autonomous Corps in Vorarlberg / in the Tyrol: 01.-05.1799 / 08.1799 – 25.09.1799
Commander of the Austrian forces at the combat of Feldkirch: 07.03.1799 (–)
Commander of the Austrian forces at the combat of Maienfeld (St. Luciensteig): 01.05.1799 (–)
Commander of the Austrian forces at the combat of Maienfeld (St. Luciensteig): 14.05.1799 (+)
Commander of the Austrian forces at the battle of Andelfingen (Frauenfeld): 25.05.1799 (–)
Commander of the Austrian forces at the combat of Winterthur: 27.05.1799 (+)
Commander of the Austrian forces at the combat of Schänis (at the Linth): 25.(/26.)09.1799 (–)

Elevation of Social Status
Ritter: 1793

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 25.10.1793 / CC: 29.04.1797

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)
Johann Conrad Hotz, called Friedrich Hotze, son of a doctor and surgeon in Hessian service, was born on 20 April 1739, in Richterswil, in the Swiss Canton of Zürich; In October 1758, he entered the Württemberg Cuirassier Regiment "Phull". In 1761, he was promoted to captain. The problems that the Duke of Württemberg had with his nobles led to constant shortages of funds for the military, which left many officers, including Hotze, without pay. He turned to Prussia, but the end of the Seven Years War meant that his services were not required. He returned home, then took Russian service in May 1768, under Czarina Katherina II, as a lieutenant in the Ingermannland Dragoons. He saw plenty of action, mainly in Prince Rumjancev's division, which was fighting the Turks in Wallachia. There he was wounded in a failed assault on Giurgiu, Romania. Hotze then served under Suvorov and rose to be a major. This Russo-Turkish war was ended by the Peace of Kütschük Kainardschi in 1776. Hotze returned to Switzerland. On the way, he had an audience with Emperor Joseph II, who promised him a position as major in the Austrian army. In 1777, the emperor travelled through Hüningen, on the upper Rhine and Hotze again approached him. Two years later, Hotze was appointed Major in Cuirassier Regiment N°26 "Berlichingen". He was mobilised for the War of the Bavarian Succession, but saw no action. Shortly after this, Hotze transferred to Cuirassier Regiment "Voghera" N°27. In 1784, Hotze was promoted to Oberstleutnant and given command of the 1st Galician Uhlan Corps, which later became the Uhlan Regiment N°1 in the Austrian army. It was Hotze who introduced the lance into Austrian service. The emperor was so pleased with Hotze`s performance, that he appointed him commander of the new regiment, in the rank of Oberst (1786). In 1787, he was posted to Cuirassier Regiment N°4. He was then sent by Emperor Joseph II back to Russia, to help organizing the Russian cuirassier regiments for Katherina II. His regiment did not fight in the wars with the Turks.
In 1792, his regiment was in the Breisgau in Esterházy's corps. In spring 1793, they were posted to GdK Graf Wurmser's army on the upper Rhine. Hotze was now promoted to Generalmajor. In the storming of the Weissenburg lines on 13 October, Hotze commanded the 3rd Column, which contributed to the victory. For this, he was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Military Maria Theresian Order on 25 October of that same year. On 22 December 1793, his command was scattered by a heavy French assault on the Liebfrauenberg and had to fall back over the Rhine.
In 1794, he fought in Hohenlohe-Kirchberg's corps on the upper Rhine. He fought at Heiligenstein, Schweigenheim, Westheim, Landau, on the River Queich, at Schifferstadt, Neuhof and Oberholzheim, against GdD Louis-Charles-Antoine Desaix's corps of the Armée de la Moselle. The next year, he again fought under Wurmser, at Edighofen and Kaiserslautern. For his careful conduct in the last campaigns, he was promoted to Feldmarschalleutnant in March 1796.
In 1796, Hotze was involved in all major actions in southern Germany under Erzherzog Carl. He commanded the advance guard in the battle of Malsch (9 July), held up the French for several hours in the battle of Cannstadt (21-22 July), commanded the centre at the battle of Neresheim (11 August) and held the field. He was also distinguished in the actions of Neumarkt and Lauf and in the battle of Würzburg. On 29 April 1797, he was awarded the Commander's Cross of the MMTO.
He was now called home to Switzerland to take command of the troops there, trying to fend off the depredations of the French Revolutionay armies. Unfortunately, he arrived only at the time of their defeat at Aarwangen. The new Swiss government deprived him of his citizenship, for consorting with the Swiss government in exile. It was Hotze's efforts that caused the Canton of Graubünden to call upon Austria for help against the French. Hotze was sent to that province when hostilities broke out in 1799. He defended Feldkirch against Massena's troops on 7 and on 22-23 March, recaptured the St Luziensteig fortress on 6 May, then, together with Erzherzog Carl, he defeated Massena at Winterthur on 27 May. In the 1st battle of Zürich (4 June) he commanded the left wing; although wounded in the left arm, he forced the French to withdraw. Hotze was again appointed commander of the Vorarlberg Corps in August 1799 and was killed whilst on a reconnaissance ride on 25 September in the second battle of Zürich. The confusion in the Austrian command following his death, was largely responsible for them allowing Soult's division to cross the River Linth unopposed and to roll up the Austrian corps that day.

Printed Sources
ADB 13, p.201ff. | Allmayer-Beck, p.75 | Amon, DR9, pp.159, 391 (wrong: "Hoczé") | Bodart, pp.285, 327, 332, 333, 335, 343 | BU 20, p.36f. | Hirtenfeld 1, p.516ff. | Hollins, p.18f. | Landolt, Pius: Der unbekannte General Friedrich von Hotze. Ein Schweizer General in österreichischen Diensten, Zürich 1998 | MD 3, p.9 | MD 7, p.112 | (Meyer-Ott, Wilhelm): Johann Konrad Hotz, später Friedrich Wilhelm von Hotze, k.k. Feldmarschalleutnant, Zürich 1853 | MilSchem | ÖMKL 3, p.270ff. | Ritter, p.629ff. | Soldatenfreund, year 1853, N°1 (from 01.01.1853), p.3f. u. N°2 (from 05.01.1853), p.12f. | Tomaschek, DR8, pp.248 (wrong: Oberst in 1787), 255 (wrong: GM on 06.03.1793), 686, 709 | Wrede (6), p.30 | Wurzbach 9, p.341ff. | Zivkovic, Heerführer, p.128

Internet Sources
Ebert (http://www.napoleon-online.de/AU_Generale/html/hotze.html)
Hürlimann, Katja: Hotz Johann Konrad. In: Historisches Lexikon der Schweiz (http://www.hls-dhs-dss.ch)
Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes
1) Soldatenfreund: 16.03.1786 (?)
2) Landolt: 13.01.1796 (?)

 

 H71 Huff, Karl
Huff von Kantersdorff, Karl Freiherr
 

   

Dates of Life
Born: Namslau (Namysłów) / Silesia, 1734
Died: Brünn (Brno) / Moravia, 23.09.1798

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant: 24.12.1768
Oberst: 01.05.1773
Generalmajor: 10.04.17831 (w.r.f. 30.03.1783)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 16.01.1790 (w.r.f. 19.01.1790)
Retired: 12.1794

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Adlatus of the Commanding General in Moravia and Silesia: ~ 1790 – 12.1794
Fortress Governor of Mainz: 23.10.1794 (retroactive since 01.08.) – 11.1794

Elevation of Social Status
Freiherr: 27.11.1773 (with predicate: "von Kantersdorff")

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 11.11.1763
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°8: 02.1790 – 23.09.1798

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
Frank 2, p.242 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.186f. | Lautzas, Peter: Die Festung Mainz im Zeitalter des Ancien Regime, der Französischen Revolution und des Empire (1736-1814). Ein Beitrag zur Militärstruktur des Mittelrhein-Gebietes, Wiesbaden 1973, p.104 | MD 3, p.13 | MilSchem | ÖMKL 3, p.285 | Wurzbach 9, p.410f. | Wrede 1, p.165

Internet Sources
Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes
1) ÖMKL 3, p.285: 09.04.1783 (?)

 

 H72 Humbourg, (Peter) Valentin Gregor
Humbourg, (Peter) Valentin Gregor von
Humbourg, (Peter) Valentin Gregor Ritter von
 

Dates of Life
Born: 17.11.1738
Died: Vienna, 02.02.1809

Name Variants
also: Humburg, Homburg

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 04.03.1796 (w.r.f. 12.08.1794)
Retired: 04.03.1796

Elevation of Social Status
plain nobility (by elevation of a family member): 04.02.1767
Ritter: 23.05.1772

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
Frank 2, p.243 | MilSchem | WZ, 11.02.1809

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 H73 Humbracht, Gottfried Eitel Ludwig
Humbracht, Gottfried Eitel Ludwig Freiherr von
 

Dates of Life
Born: 29.11.1730
Died: Vienna, 04.12.1822

Family Status
Married: [N.] Freiin von Drechsel

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 10.01.1794 (w.r.f. 07.07.1791)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 03.1803 (w.r.f. 27.02.1803)

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Vice-Inspector of Military Provisions: 1800-1803 (?)

Elevation of Social Status
Freiherr: 1765

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Printed Sources
MilSchem | (Wurzbach 9, p.418) | Zedlitz-Neukirch 2, p.465

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 

 H74 Hutten zum Stoltzenberg, Philipp Wilhelm Franz Ferdinand Freiherr von
 

Dates of Life
Born: Würzburg / Würzburg (prince-bishopric), 19.09.1737
Died: Luxemburg / Austrian Netherlands, 24.05.1794

Promotions
Major: 09.1768
Oberstleutnant: 02.1774
Oberst: 01.09.1778
Generalmajor: 09.10.1787 (w.r.f. 08.10.1787)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 29.12.1793 (w.r.f. 05.12.1793)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 19.05.1779
I.R. Chamberlain

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Printed Sources
Amon, IR20, pp.202, 204, 206, 214 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.227f. | MD 3, p.15f. | MilSchem | ÖMKL 3, p.298f. | Wurzbach 9, p.453f.

Internet Sources
Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


Placed on the Napoleon Series: April 2008

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