Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics



By Leopold Kudrna, with Biographical Essays by Digby Smith.



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Austrian Generals

1792-1815

  

L

Labbé de Vouillèrs  to  Luxem





 L1
Labbé de Vouillèrs, Franz Karl

Dates of Life
Born: Vitry-le-François / France, 08.08.1737
Died: Eclaron / France, 02.09.1821

Name Variants
(French) Françoise-Charles Labbé de Vouillers

Promotions
France:
Marechal-de-Camp: 22.07.1792
Quit French service: 05.04.1793
Into the Legion Bourbon: 01.09.1793
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 03.1804 (w.r.f. 14.03.1804)
Retired: 03.1804
Return to France: 1806

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
France:
Military Order of St. Louis – KC: 03.06.1779

Printed Sources
MilSchem | Six 2, p.563

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 

 L2
Lacy, Franz Moritz Graf von

Dates of Life
Born: St. Petersburg / Russia, 21.10.1725
Died: Vienna-Neuwaldegg, 24.11.1801

Family Status
Uncle of S134 (Stuart)

Promotions
Major: 2nd H. 1746
Oberstleutnant: 03.1749
Oberst: 14.01.1753
Generalmajor: 13.10.1756
Feldmarschalleutnant: 20.02.1758
Feldzeugmeister: 17.11.1759
Feldmarschall: 15.02.17661

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Chief of the Quartermaster General Staff: 20.02.1758 – 02.1760
President of the Aulic War Council: 02.1766 – 05.1774
State and Conference Minister: 05.1774

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Order of the Golden Fleece: 1770
Military Maria Theresian Order – GC: 04.12.1758
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°22: 03.10.17582 – 24.11.1801
2nd Colonel-Proprietor of the 2nd Carabinier Regiment N°15 / (since 1798:) Cuirassier Regiment N°1: 1774 – 24.11.1801
I.R. Chamberlain: 1741

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
ADB 17, p.487ff | Amon, IR20, pp.146f., 150ff. | Duffy, p.375 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.60ff. | HKR-Präs, N°19 (p.30ff.) | Hubka, IR22, pp.93, 185f., 543f. | Kotasek, Edith: Feldmarschall Graf Lacy. Ein Leben für Österreichs Heer, Horn 1956 | MD 3, p.89 | MilSchem | NDB 13, p.382 | Regele, p.24f. | Reilly, Feldherren, p.410ff. | Schmidhofer, Ernst: Das irische, schottische und englische Element im kaiserlichen Heer, Ph.D. thesis, Vienna 1971, p.145ff. | Wrede 1, p.271 | Wrede 3, p.127 | Wrede (6), p.41 | Wurzbach 13, p.464ff. | Zivkovic, Generalität, p.31 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, p.126

Internet Sources
Boettger
Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes
1) Hubka, IR22, p.544: 19.02.1766 (?)
2) Kotasek, p.33: 04.10.1758 (?)
 


 L3
Lagler, Joseph Emanuel (von)

Dates of Life
Born: 1740
Died: Theresienstadt (Terezín) / Bohemia, 08.03.1801

Promotions
Major: 1782
Oberstleutnant: 1787
Oberst: 1789
Generalmajor: 05.03.1801 (w.r.f. 01.03.1801)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
Blasek/Rieger 1/I, p.384 (wrong: GM in 1800) | Gatti, IngAk, p.209 | MilSchem

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 L4
Lambertie, Camille Joseph Graf von

Dates of Life
Born: Pont d’Oye Castle / Luxemburg, 13.07.1746
Died: Vienna, 03.06.1826

Name Variants
(French) Camille-Joseph-Eléonor du Bost de Pont d’Oye, Marquis de Lambertie
also: Lambertye

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 06.03.1792
Feldmarschalleutnant: 29.05.1796 (w.r.f. 21.11.1795)
General der Kavallerie: 12.1805 (w.r.f. 27.01.1806)
Feldmarschall (title): 09.01.1826
Retired: 09.01.1826

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Adjutant-General to the Archduke Franz (the later emperor): 1784 – 03.1792
Adjutant-General to the Emperor Franz II./I. of Austria: 03.1792 – 09.1805
Lieutenant Captain of the First Arcièren Life Guard: 2nd H. 1796 – 12.(09.?)01.1826

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Order of Leopold – GC: 26.05.1815
I.R. Privy Councillor: 1811
I.R. Chamberlain: 1770

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)


Printed Sources
MilSchem | ÖBL 4, p.412f. | Petiot, p.293f. (wrong: b. 1747) | Wrede (6), p.18 | WZ, 31.05.1815 | Zivkovic, Generalität, p.38 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, p.39

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 L5
Lamezan-Salins, Anton Graf von

Dates of Life
Born: Preßburg (Pozsony, Bratislava) / Hungary, 29.08.1759
Died: Graz / Styria, 21.02.1814

Name Variants
(French) Antoine Comte de Lamezan de Salins

Family Status
Brother of L6

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst: 20.02.1809
Generalmajor: 06.06.1813

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
MilSchem | Petiot, p.295 | Svoboda 1, col.102 | WZ, 22.07.1813

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 L6
Lamezan-Salins, Joseph Maria Graf von

Dates of Life
Born: Preßburg (Pozsony, Bratislava) / Hungary, 03.04.1763
Died: Vienna, 27.07.1831

Name Variants
(French) Joseph Comte de Lamezan de Salins

Family Status
Brother of L5

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst: 1809
Generalmajor: 22.09.1813

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°54: 1823 – 27.07.1831
I.R. Chamberlain

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
Parma:
Constantinian Order of St. George – KC: 1822

Printed Sources
MilSchem | Petiot, p.295 | Svoboda 1, col.106 | Wrede 1, p.493

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 

 L7
Lanfrey, Anton
Lanfrey, Anton Freiherr von

Dates of Life
Born: Straßburg / Alsace / France, 1752
Died: Peschiera / Venetia, 05.05.1826

Promotions
Major: 06.1798
Oberstleutnant: 1802
Oberst: 1807
Generalmajor: 29.11.1812

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Fortress Commandant of Peschiera: E. 1813 – 05.05.1826

Elevation of Social Status
Freiherr: 06.02.1825

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 19.12.1790

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)


Printed Sources
Blasek/Rieger 1/I, pp.397, 467 (wrong: Major in 1797) | Frank, N°4913 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.309f. | MD 3, p.95 | MilSchem | Wurzbach 14, p.82f. | WZ, 23.01.1808, 29.12.1812

Internet Sources
Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 L8
Lang, Johann Andreas
Lang Edler von Langenau, Johann Andreas

Dates of Life
Born: 17??
Died: Graz / Styria, 13.01.1822

Promotions
Major: 28.06.1800
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 20.03.1813

Elevation of Social Status
plain nobility: 04.11.1799 (with predicate "Edler von Langenau")

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)


Printed Sources
Amon, IR4, p.368, 379 | Frank 3, p.109 | MilSchem

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 L9
Langen, Johann Baptist
Langen, Johann Baptist Freiherr von

Dates of Life
Born: 17??
Died: (Theresienstadt [Terezín] / Bohemia ?), 28.10.1807

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst: 01.10.1782
Generalmajor: 06.02.1789 (w.r.f. 05.02.1789)

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Fortress Commandant ad interim of Brod: 10.03.1788 – 05./06.02.1789
Fortress Vice-Commandant of Theresienstadt: 05./06.02.1789 – 1800
Fortress Commandant of Theresienstadt: 1800 – 28.10.1807

Elevation of Social Status
Freiherr: 23.03.1791

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
Amon, IR18, pp.239, 241 | Frank 3, p.109 | MilSchem | WZ, 18.11.1807

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 L10
Langenau, Friedrich Karl Gustav
Langenau, Friedrich Karl Gustav Freiherr von

Dates of Life
Born: Dresden / Saxony, 07.11.1782
Died: Graz / Styria, 04.07.1840

Family Status
Married: Sarah von Sturtz (?-1851)

Promotions
Saxony:
Generalmajor: 1811
Quit Saxonian service: 14.05.1813
Into Austrian service: 06.1813
Generalmajor: 02.06.1813
Feldmarschalleutnant: 27.11.1827

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Austrian Plenipotentiary with the Military Central Commission at the German Diet in Frankfurt: 11.1818 – 1829
Adlatus of the Commanding General in Galicia: 1832 – 06.1835
Commanding General in Galicia: 06.1835 – 08.1839
Commanding General in Illyria, Inner Austria and the Tyrol: 08.1839 – 04.07.1840

Elevation of Social Status
Freiherr: 06.12.1827

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 1815
Order of Leopold – CC: 10.1813
Military Honor Cross 1813/14 (Army Cross 1813/14): ~ 1814
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°49: 1824 – 04.07.1840
I.R. Privy Councillor: 1833
I.R. Chamberlain

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
France:
Order of Military Merit – CC: 1816
Order of the Légion d'Honneur – KC: 1812
Hessen-Darmstadt:
Order of Ludwig – GC: 1829
Prussia:
Order of the Red Eagle 1st cl.: 1824
Russia:
Order of St. Anne 1st cl.: 1813
Saxony:
Military Order of St. Henry – CC: before 1829

Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)
Born 7 November 1782 in Dresden of an old Rhenish noble family Friedrich Karl Gustav von Langenau entered Saxon military service in 1795 as Unterleutnant, Infantry Regiment "Kurfürst". His father was Gottlob Bernhard, a Saxon Lieutenant General and Inspector-General of Infantry. In 1796 Langenau fought on the Rhine at Wetzlar, in 1806 he fought in Saxony, 1809 in Austria.
In 1811 he was promoted to Generalmajor and appointed Adjutant-General to the Saxon king. In 1812 he served in Russia as Chief fof Staff of the VII (Saxon) Corps which operated on the southern flank together with the Austrians. In 1813 he was sent to Vienna to negotiate a treaty for mutual defence; he succeeded but when the allies lost the battle of Lützen, the Saxon king left Prague and returned to the French fold in Dresden. Langenau requested permission to resign and to take Austrian service; this was agreed to. In June 1813 langenau entered Austrian service as Major General and - on 27 July 1813 - he was GQM to FM Fürst Schwarzenberg. At Dresden the Austrian artillery commander - GM von Frierenberger - was wounded at the start of the battle and French artillery fire held up the Austrian advance. Langenau volunteered to set up a battery to break the deadlock; all French guns in two redoubts were soon silenced and both were taken.
On 16 October, at Leipzig, the Austrian artillery commander - FML Reisner - was unable to oversee the placing of all the batteries. Langenau again volunteered to place the batteries for the columns of the Austrian centre and left wing. Initially, these had all been sited by the individual column commanders and were scattered, giving no overall plan of action and incurring heavy losses from the large French batteries. Langenau concentrated them into two locations and directed their fire so that the French guns on the left wing were almost silenced. On 18 October, before dawn, Langenau went up to the enemy lines at Wachau and found them empty; he at once reported this to FZM Colloredo and the Austrian assault went in 90 minutes earlier than originally planned.
For his actions in this battle, Langenau was awarded the Commander's Cross of the Leopold Order. On 9 November, at Hochheim, Langenau again volunteered to place the 13 batteries for the assault of the village. The allied artillery fire was most effective. He also forsaw, that the III and IV Austrian Corps were going to run into one another as they advanced to assault the enemy lines; he galloped forward under fire and averted the disaster.
In 1815 he served as GQM of the army on the upper Rhine and was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Military Maria Theresian Order. In 1817 he commanded a brigade in Linz. From 1818 to 1829 Langenau was the Austrian representative at the Assembly of German States in Frankfurt on Main. He wrote the German Federal War Policy Constitution and the fortification construction programme as well as a history of the wars of liberation. In 1827 Langenau was promoted to Feldmarschalleutnant and received the baronage. In 1832 he was appointed Adlatus to Erzherzog Ferdinand d'Este, the Governor General in Galicia. This post Langenau hold until 1835 in which year he was made himself Commanding General in Galicia. In 1833 he was awarded the status of Privy Councillor. Only eleven months before his death he was appointed Commanding General of Inner Austria. He died on 4 July 1840 in Graz.

Printed Sources
ADB 17, p.660ff. | Hirtenfeld 2, p.1180ff. (wrong: GM on 27.07.1813) | Langenau, Wolzogen und die Schlacht bei Leipzig. In: Soldatenfreund, year 1851, N°126 (from 21.10.1851), p.505 | MD 3, p.96 | MilSchem | MZ, year 1858, N°112 (from 11.12.1858), p.637ff. and N°113 (from 14.12.1858), p.645ff.: Aus dem Leben des FML Freiherrn von Langenau | NDB 13, p.580 | ÖBL 5, p.2 | Regele, p.31 | Wrede 1, p.459 | Wurzbach 14, p.101ff. | WZ, 08.06.1813, 14.10.1813, 27.10.1813, 20.02.1814, 12.09.1816 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, p.55, 64

Internet Sources
Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
 


 L11
Langet, Karl von

Dates of Life
Born: around 1723
Died: Vienna, 21.02.1798

Promotions
Major: 01.11.1758
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 03.07.1787 (w.r.f. 30.06.1787)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Decoration of the Elisabeth Theresian Military Foundation: 1784

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
Amon, DR9, p.141 | Auer, N°156 | MilSchem

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
 


 L12
Lassgallner, Johann Karl von
Lassgallner, Johann Karl Freiherr von

Dates of Life
Born: Hungary, 1714
Died: Oedenburg (Sopron) / Hungary, 20.08.1798

Name Variants
also: Lasgallner, Laßgallner

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst: 1757
Generalmajor: 13.04.1764 (w.r.f. 15.08.1758)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 25.04.1775 (w.r.f. 28.11.1766)

Elevation of Social Status
Freiherr: 11.02.1764

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 21.11.1763
2nd Colonel-Proprietor of the Cuirassier Regiment N°4: 03.1767 – 1775

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
ADB 17, p.792f. | Frank 3, p.113 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.188f. | MD 3, p.101 | MilSchem | Tomaschek, DR8, pp.241, 244 (wrong: d. 1775), 683 | Wurzbach 14, p.179

Internet Sources
Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
 


 L13
Lattermann, Christoph von
Lattermann, Christoph Ritter von
Lattermann, Christoph Freiherr von

Dates of Life
Born: Olmütz (Olomouc) / Moravia, 14.07.1753
Died: Vienna, 05.10.1835

Family Status
Son of L14 (Mother: 1)
Married: Maria Anna Gräfin von Welsersheimb

Promotions
Major: 10.01.1786
Oberstleutnant: 31.12.1789
Oberst: 06.06.1794
Generalmajor: 01.03.17971 (w.r.f. 06.04.1797)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 06.09.18002 (w.r.f. 08.09.1800)
Retired: 1st H. 1806
Reactivated: 28.07.1807
Feldzeugmeister: 26.07.1813
Feldmarschall: 02.07.1833

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Commanding General ad interim in Bohemia: 08.12.1805 – 1st H. 1806
Fortress Commandant of Peterwardein: 28.07.1807 – (01./02.1809 ?)
Commanding General ad interim in the Karlstadt-Warasdin Military Border and in the Banal Military Border: 04.03.1809 – 01.12.1809
Vice-President of the political and economical regulations ("Normalien") commission (of the Aulic War Council ?): 15.09.1810 – 2.H.1813
Provisional Civil and Military Governor in Illyria: 03.09.1813 – 19.08.1814
President of the Military Appellate Court: 19.08.1814 – 31.12.1814
Commanding General in Venetia: 01.01.1815 – 10.1818
President of the Military Appellate Court: 26.10.1818 – 02.07.1833
Lieutenant Captain of the First Arcièren Life Guard: 09.(10.?)01.18263 – 05.10.1835

Elevation of Social Status
Ritter (by elevation of L14): 04.10.1782
Freiherr (by elevation of L14): 30.07.1792

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 07.04.17994
Order of the Iron Crown 1st cl.: 12.02.18165
Military Honor Cross 1813/14 (Army Cross 1813/14): ~ 1814
Silver Civil Honor Cross 1813/14: 26.05.18156
2nd Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°23: 01.06.1802 – 18.11.1809 (08.03.1810) (disbanded)
2nd Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°7: 18.11.1809 (08.03.1810) – 17.08.1824
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°7: 17.08.18247 – 05.10.1835
I.R. Privy Councillor: 10.03.1810

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)


Printed Sources
ADB 18, p.17ff. | Buschek, IR23, I, pp.706, 783, 802ff. | Frank 3, p.114 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.533ff. | MD 3, p.102 | MilSchem | ÖBL 5, p.42 | ÖMZ, year 1837, vol.1, p.168ff.: Henner, [N.] von: Nekrolog des k.k. Feldmarschalls Freiherrn von Lattermann | Stolzer-Steeb, 32.1 u. 24.2 | Wrede 1, p.156 | Wrede 2, p.233 | Wurzbach 14, p.185ff. | WZ, 10.03.1810, 31.07.1813, 14.10.1813, 13.06.1814, 28.05.1815, 20.02.1816 | Zivkovic, Generalität, pp.14, 39 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, pp.34, 60

Internet Sources
Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes
1) Buschek, IR23, I, p.803: 28.02.1797 (?)
2) Buschek, IR23, I, p.804: 30.01.1801 (?)
3) Buschek, IR23, I, p.804: 06.1826 (?)
4) ÖMZ: 10.04.1799 ("by supreme imperial handbill ") (?)
5) ÖMZ: 16.02.1816 (?)
6) ÖMZ: 15.06.1815 (?)
7) ÖMZ: 17.07.1824 (?)


 
 L14
Lattermann, Franz von
Lattermann, Franz Ritter von
Lattermann, Franz Freiherr von

Dates of Life
Born: 06.10.1716
Died: Graz / Styria, 04.04.1806

Family Status
Father of L13
Married (1): Maria Anna Freiin von Wittorf zu Lüdersburg und Horndorf (17??-1763)
Married (2): Christina Freiin von Pichl (17??-1772)

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst: 1760
Generalmajor: 19.01.1771 (w.r.f. 02.10.1761)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 25.04.1775

Elevation of Social Status
Ritter: 04.10.1782
Freiherr: 30.07.1792

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°45: 30.06.1776 – 04.04.1806

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
Dragoni, IR45, pp.173, 224 | Frank 3, p.114 | MilSchem | Wrede 2, p.246 | (Wurzbach 14, p.188f.)

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
 


 L15
Latuillerie, Karl Ritter von

Dates of Life
Born: 1758
Died: 1832/33

Name Variants
(French): Charles Chevalier de Latuillerie

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant: 06./07.1808
Oberst:
Generalmajor (title): 21.02.1815
Retired: 21.02.1815

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
MilSchem | WZ, 03.08.1808

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 L16
Lauer, Franz
Lauer, Franz Freiherr von

Dates of Life
Born: 11.05.1736
Died: Krems / Lower Austria, 11.09.1803

Family Status
Father of L17
Married: Maria d’Allio

Promotions
Major: 1773
Oberstleutnant: 1779
Oberst: 1783
Generalmajor: 09.10.1789 (w.r.f. 27.09.1789)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 04.03.1796 (w.r.f. 02.05.1795)
Feldzeugmeister: 05.09.1800 (w.r.f. 03.09.1800)
Retired: 02.1801

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Director-General of Engineers and Fortification: 02.04.1797 – 02.1801
Director of the Academy of Engineers: 02.04.1797 – 02.1801

Field Service (1792-1815)
Commander of the Austrian forces during the siege of Fort-Louis: 14.10. – 14.11.1793 (+)
Chief of the Quartermaster General Staff of the Army of Italy: 09.1796 – 03.1797

Elevation of Social Status
Freiherr: 19.06.1790

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 21.12.1789 / CC: 27.11.1795

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)
Born on 11 May 1736, Lauer joined the Austrian army in 1755, entered the Engineers and fought in the Seven Years War and rose to the rank of captain. He was later active in the construction of defensive works. In 1783 he was promoted Oberst. In the wars against the Turks in 1788/89 he was distinguished at the siege of Belgrade, was promoted Generalmajor on 9 October 1789 and awarded the Knight's Cross of the Military Maria Theresian Order.
Lauer fought on the upper Rhine under Graf Wurmser in 1793 and 1794 and was again distinguished at the storming of the Neckarauer redoubts at Mannheim on 30 October 1795. For this, he won the Commander's Cross of the MMTO. After his promotion to Feldmarschalleutnant on 4 March 1796, he was appointed Chief of Staff to FM Wurmser in late August of that year, in place of Oberst Weyrother. With him he brought the plan of campaign that the Hofkriegsrat had worked out for Wurmser to execute. On 8 September 1796, he fought in the battle of Bassano, then went into Mantua until it fell on 2 February 1797. After the Peace of Campoformio, he was appointed Generalgeniedirektor. On 5 September 1800, he was promoted to Feldzeugmeister and appointed Adlatus to the 18 year-old Erzherzog Johann in Germany. Lauer lacked the tactical experience for this role and did not enjoy the confidence of the troop commanders.
In 1801, following the disaster at Hohenlinden, for which he was blamed, he was retired. He died on 11 September 1803 in Krems.

Printed Sources
ADB 18, p.36f. | Blasek/Rieger 1, pp.75, 78, 381 | Bodart, p.283 | Frank 3, p.115 | Gatti, IngAk, p.194 (wrong: d. 11.04.1803), p.353 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.451ff. | MD 3, p.103 | MilSchem | Regele, p.29 | Wurzbach 14, p.214ff. | Zivkovic, Generalität, p.37 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, pp.13, 35, 109

Internet Sources
Ebert (http://www.napoleon-online.de/AU_Generale/html/lauer.html)
Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 L17
Lauer, Joseph
Lauer, Joseph Freiherr von

Dates of Life
Born: Graz / Styria, 18.05.1769
Died: Vienna, 26.02.1848

Family Status
Son of L16
Married: 1825 Maria Susanna von Haberecker (1805-18??)

Promotions
Major: 09.1800
Oberstleutnant: 1807
Oberst: 1809
Generalmajor: 27.02.1814
Feldmarschalleutnant: 09.12.1826
Feldzeugmeister (title): 06.04.1847
Retired: 06.04.1847

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Fortress Commandant of Königgrätz: 1831-1832
Fortress Commandant of Olmütz: 1832 – 06.04.1847

Field Service (1792-1815)
Commander of the Austrian forces during the siege of Gaëta: 28.05.-08.08.1815 (+)

Elevation of Social Status
Freiherr (by elevation of L16): 19.06.1790

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 27.11.1795
Order of Leopold – CC: 07.09.1815
2nd Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°44: 1830 – 26.02.1848
I.R. Privy Councillor: 1841

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
Naples-Sicily:
Order of St. Ferdinand and of Merit – CC: 1815
Papal State:
Order of Christ

Printed Sources
ADB 18, p.39 | Bodart, p.490 | Gatti, IngAk, p.312f. | Hirtenfeld 1, p.456f. | MD 3, p.103 | MilSchem | ÖBL 5, p.48 | Wrede 1, p.429 | Wurzbach 14, p.216f. | WZ, 29.06.1814, 17.10.1815 | Zivkovic, Generalität, p.43

Internet Sources
Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
 


 L18
Laurencin d’Armond, Ferdinand Graf

Dates of Life
Born: 02.02.1751
Died: Olmütz (Olomouc) / Moravia, 15.02.1825

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 22.01.1808 (w.r.f. 24.06.1805)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 27.04.1813

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Grand Master of the Household to Archduke Rudolph: 1811 – 15.02.1825

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Order of Leopold – CC: 1820
I.R. Privy Councillor
I.R. Chamberlain

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)


Printed Sources
MilSchem | WZ, 20.02.1808, 11.05.1813, 08.06.1813

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
 


 L19
Le Bailly d’Osthove, Anton Chevalier de

Dates of Life
Born: 17??
Died: 1795

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Retired: 1790
Generalmajor: 09.02.1791

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
MilSchem

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
 


 L20
Lebzeltern, (Ludwig) Leopold Ritter von

Dates of Life
Born: Temesvár1 / Com. Temes / Hungary, 12.09.1737
Died: Temesvár / Com. Temes / Hungary, 23.12.1799

Family Status
Married: Anna von Unrein

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst: 1784
Generalmajor: 27.02.1791

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Fortress Commandant of Temesvár: 1791 – 23.12.1799

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
Böhm 1, p.415 | Leitner 2, p.52f. | MD 3, p.108 | MilSchem | Petri, Anton Peter: Die Festung Temeschwar im 18. Jahrhundert. Beiträge zur Erinnerung an die Befreiung der Banater Hauptstadt vor 250 Jahren, Munich 1966, p.82 | Preyer, p.115 | Svoboda 1, col.11f. | Wurzbach 14, p.278

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes
1) Svoboda: Vienna (?)
 


 L21
Lederer, Ignaz Ludwig Paul
Lederer, Ignaz Ludwig Paul von
Lederer, Ignaz Ludwig Paul Freiherr von

Dates of Life
Born: Vienna, 25.08.1769
Died: Vienna-Hütteldorf, 10.09.1849

Family Status
Married: 1805 Franziska Xaveria von Trattnern (1785-1856)

Promotions
Major: 1799
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst: 09.1804
Generalmajor: 12.02.1809
Feldmarschalleutnant: 26.07.1813
General der Kavallerie: 21.10.1830
Feldmarschall: 16.06.1848

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Adlatus of the Commanding General in Lombardo-Venetia: 07.-12.1829
Commanding General in Moravia and Silesia: 12.1829 – 12.1831
Commanding General in Galicia: 12.1831 – 08.1832
Commanding General in Hungary: 08.1832 – 05.1848

Elevation of Social Status
plain nobility (by elevation of his father): 03.04.1763
Freiherr (by elevation of his father): 21.02.1778

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 28.03.1814
Order of the Iron Crown 1st cl.: 1827
Military Honor Cross 1813/14 (Army Cross 1813/14): ~ 1814
2nd Colonel-Proprietor of the Dragoon Regiment N°2: 1815 – 10.09.1849
I.R. Privy Councillor: 1827

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
Bavaria:
Order of St. Michael – GC: 1843
France:
Order of the Légion d'Honneur – CC: 1819
Naples-Sicily:
Order of St. Ferdinand and of Merit – GC: 1827
Military Order of St. George and of the Reunion – GC: 1821
Russia:
Order of St. Anne 1st cl.: 1815

Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)
Born on 25 August 1769 in Vienna to a senior official at the Imperial Court Lederer entered military service in December 1784 as Oberleutnant, Dragoon Refiment "D'Arberg" N°31. By September 1804 he was Oberst and commander of the regiment (now N°11). He fought in all major actions of the Revolutionary Wars. At the battle of Stockach on 25-26 March 1799 he was promoted Major on the field.
On 12 February 1809 Lederer was promoted to Generalmajor and commanded a cavalry brigade in the I Reserve Corps in the Danube valley. On 23 April at Regensburg he charged Nansouty's six cavalry regiments with the Cuirassier Regiment "Hohenzollern" N°8 and pushed them back.
At Aspern on 22 May when the Austrian infantry of the 4th and 5th Columns fell back from Esslingen, Lederer took his brigade and blocked the road from Esslingen to Enzersdorf and held fast until their artillery fought down that of the French. He was also distinguished at Wagram (5-6 July 1809), in Hessen-Homburg's division.
On 26 July 1813, Lederer was promoted to Feldmarschalleutnant and given command of an infantry division in the 1st Column on the left bank of the Pleisse; he repeatedly assaulted Dölitz manor.
After the Rhine crossing in January 1814, he commanded the advanced guard in the Army of the South in that campaign. He fought around Lyon and on 18 March at St. Georges, where he took 4 guns. On 28 March, he was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Military Maria Theresian Order. On 20 March he fought again at Limonest followed by the storm on St. Romans on 2 April.
In 1815, he was in FZM Colloredo's I Corps as commander of the advance guard. On 27 June he clashed successfully at Dannemarie with GdD Claude-Jacques Lecourbe and threw him back. On 1 July he saved the 2nd Jäger Battalion from Lecourbe's corps at Besancourt. That year Lederer was appointed 2nd Proprietor of Dragoon Regiment N°2 and received the Order of St. Anne 1st cl. from the Czar. From 1816 to 1828 he was commander of a division in Italy. During this time, he was appointed to the Privy Councillor (1827) and awarded the Order of the Iron Crown 1st cl. From 1829 to 1831 he was Commanding General in Moravia and Silesia. On 21 October 1830 Lauer received his promotion to General der Kavallerie followed by the appointment to GOC in Galicia (1831), then GOC in Hungary (1832) for 16 years. In June 1848 Lederer retired as a Feldmarschall. He died on 10 September 1849 in Hütteldorf near Vienna.

Printed Sources
ADB 18, p.115f. | Frank 3, p.121 | Guillaume, p.299 | Hirtenfeld 2, p.1299ff. | MD 3, p.109 | MilSchem | Soldatenfreund, year 1849, N°110 (from 13.09.1849), p.513 | Wrede 3, p.305 | Wurzbach 14, p.292ff. | WZ, 31.07.1813, 14.10.1813, 18.10.1815 | Zivkovic, Generalität, pp.14, 41 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, pp.53, 56, 60, 64

Internet Sources
Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
 


 L22
Legisfeld, Ignaz Freiherr von

Dates of Life
Born: around 1749
Died: Vienna, 03.07.1827

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 1806 (w.r.f. 26.02.1804)
Retired: 1809

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)


Printed Sources
MilSchem | Nekrolog 1827/2, p.1127, N°874

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
 


 L23
Leibinger, Karl
Leibinger Edler von Bundenthal, Karl

Dates of Life
Born: 17??
Died: Hermannstadt (Sibiu, Nagyszeben) / Transylvania, 30.11.1829

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 30.04.1815
Retired: 27.03.1828

Elevation of Social Status
plain nobility: 27.08.1818 (with predicate "Edler von Bundenthal")

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Order of Leopold – KC

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)


Printed Sources
Frank 3, p.123 | Frank-Döfering, 2325 | MilSchem | WZ, 08.05.1815

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
 


 L24
Le Louchier, Rudolf Franz Michael

Dates of Life
Born: 29.09.1728
Died: Belgium (Batavian Republic), 14.12.1805

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 26.07.1789 (w.r.f. 20.07.1789)
Retired: 26.07.1789

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
MilSchem

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
 


 L25
Le Loup, Johann Baptist von

Dates of Life
Born: 08.03.1736 (baptism)
Died: Wels / Upper Austria, 01.02.1810

Name Variants
also: Leloup

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 1806 (w.r.f. 14.04.1805)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
MilSchem | WZ, 17.03.1810

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 

 L26
Lenk, Ignaz
Lenk von Treuenfeld, Ignaz

Dates of Life
Born: Güns (Köszeg) / Com. Eisenburg (Vas) / Hungary, 04.07.1766
Died: Vienna, 12.04.1842

Family Status
Married (1): 1792 Katharina Walburg-Sonntag
Married (2): 1817 Maria Martha Korbuly

Promotions
Major: 15.01.1801
Oberstleutnant: 13.11.1805
Oberst: 23.07.1809
Generalmajor: 29.09.1813
Feldmarschalleutnant: 24.06.1834
Retired: 24.06.1834

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Military Commander in the Bukowina (Czernowitz): 04.1814 – 11.1817
Fortress Commandant of Karlsburg: 08.10.1823 – 16.07.(24.06.?)1834

Elevation of Social Status
plain nobility (by elevation of his father): 10.10.1774 (with predicate: "von Treuenfeld")

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)


Printed Sources
ADB 18, p.258ff. | Frank 3, p.126 | Leitner 2, p.150f. | MilSchem | ÖBL 5, p.135f. | Svoboda 1, col.138f. | Zivkovic, Heerführer, p.77

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 L27
Leonardo, Joseph von

Dates of Life
Born: around 1726
Died: Vienna, 15.03.1792

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant: 19.12.1776
Oberst: 23.11.1781
Generalmajor: 18.06.17891 (w.r.f. 12.06.1789)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
MilSchem | Tomaschek, DR8, pp.244, 692 | Wengen, DR13, pp.508, 537

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes
1) Wengen, DR13, p.537: 17.06.1789 (?)


 

 L28
L’Espine, Joseph Ritter von
L’Espine, Joseph Graf von

Dates of Life
Born: Avignon / France, 25.12.1761
Died: Milan (Milano) / Lombardy, 31.12.1826

Name Variants
(French) Joseph Chevalier / Comte de L’Espine

Family Status
Unmarried

Promotions
Into Austrian service: 31.10.1797
Major: 01.04.1799
Oberstleutnant: 16.12.1801
Oberst (Linienschiffskapitän): 13.01.1802
Generalmajor: 14.08.1808
Feldmarschalleutnant: 26.07.1813
Retired: 12.08.1814
Reactivated: 11.12.1814

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Chief of Staff of the Austrian Navy: 16.12.1801 – 13.01.1802
Commander of the Austrian Navy: 13.01.18021 – 10.1809
Head of the Navy Department of the Aulic War Council: 30.08.1805 – 10.1809
Head of Navy Affairs2: 10.1813 – 06.1814
Provisional Commander of the Austrian Navy: 25.04.1814 – 16.07.18143
Military Commander in the Lombardy (Milan): 11.11.1825 – 31.12.1826

Elevation of Social Status
Graf: ?

Chivalric Order
Knight of the Order of Malta: 1813

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Military Honor Cross 1813/14 (Army Cross 1813/14): ~ 1814
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°58: 06.03.1822 – 31.12.1826
I.R. Chamberlain: 30.09.1802 (w.r.f. 07.09.1802)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
France:
Military Order of St. Louis – KC: 1814 (?)
Sardinia-Piedmont:
Order of St. Maurice and St. Lazarus – GC: 1822

Printed Sources
MilSchem | Schmidt-Brentano, Admirale, p.1ff. | Wrede 1, p.524 | WZ, 03.09.1808, 31.07.1813, 14.10.1813 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, p.78

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes
1) with supreme imperial decision from 21.12.1801
2) "Leiter der Marinegeschäfte"
3) removed with supreme imperial decision from 21.06.1814


 

 L29
Leutner, Ignaz von

Dates of Life
Born: 17??
Died: Thurn (Toranj) / Croatia, 26.05.1819

Name Variants
also: Leuthner

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 15.07.1812
Retired: 12.10.1816

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)


Printed Sources
MilSchem | WZ, 05.09.1812

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 L30
Leuven, Ernst Freiherr von

Dates of Life
Born: Mantua / Lombardy, 21.04.1751
Died: Pest / Hungary, 26.10.1819

Name Variants
also: Leuwen

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant: 1797
Oberst: 01.05.1798
Generalmajor: 27.10.1800

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)


Printed Sources
Blažekovič, IR31, I, p.216 | Leitner 2, p.94 | MilSchem | Svoboda 1, col.67

Internet Sources
Not in: Schmidt-Brentano, Generale (!)


 
 L31
Levasseur de Neuilly, Joachim Joseph

Dates of Life
Born: Maisnières / France, 17.03.1743
Died: Banat, 06.04.1808

Name Variants
(French) Jacques-Joseph Levasseur de Neuilly
also: Le Vasseur

Promotions
France:
Marechal-de-Camp: 30.09.1792
Into Austrian service: 05.04.1793
Oberst: ?
Generalmajor: 03.1804 (mR.v. 17.03.1804)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

MilSchem | Six 2, p.252 (wrong: "général de cavalerie") | WZ, 04.05.1808, 21.12.1808

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 

 L32
Levenehr von Grünwall, Franz Joseph Freiherr

Dates of Life

Born: Studenitz (Studenice) / Styria, 15.07.1734
Died: "Hollowau"1 (n.l.) / Bohemia, 06.06.1812

Name Variants

also: Löwenehr, Leveneur

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst: 1773
Generalmajor: 20.01.1779 (w.r.f. 17.01.1779)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 27.05.1789 (w.r.f. 26.04.1789)
Retired: 01.1790

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 15.02.1779
Colonel-Proprietor of the Chevauxleger-Regiment N°19 / (since 1798:) Dragoon Regiment N°14 / (since 1802:) N°4: 1783 – 06.06.1812

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Hirtenfeld 1, p.217ff. | MD 7, p.165 | MilSchem | Wurzbach 15, p.27ff.

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Wurzbach: "Hollowest" (?) / Hirtenfeld: "Holluwast" (?)


 

 L33
Lezzeny, Karl Freiherr von

Dates of Life

Born: 17??
Died: Rakovac / Slavonia, 24.02.1805

Name Variants

also: Lezzeni

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant: ~ 1794
Oberst: ~ 1798
Generalmajor: 03.12.1800
Retired: 1802

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

MilSchem

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 

 L34
Lichtenberg, (Adam Siegfried) Cajetan Graf von

Dates of Life

Born: Laibach (Lubljana) / Carniola, 10.12.1732
Died (murdered): Vienna-Döbling, 12.07.1801

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst: 05.1784
Generalmajor: 09.10.1789 (w.r.f. 21.09.1789)
Retired: 1804

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 19.12.1790

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Hirtenfeld 1, p.312f. | MD 7, p.167 (w/o date of birth) | MilSchem | Wurzbach 15, p.105f.

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 

 L35
Liechtenstein, Alois Gonzaga Joseph Fürst von und zu

Dates of Life

Born: Vienna, 01.04.1780
Died: Prague (Praha) / Bohemia, 04.11.1833

Family Status

Brother of L37
Cousin of L36

Promotions

Major: E. 1799
Oberstleutnant: 01.1800
Oberst: 1805
Generalmajor: 12.02.1809
Feldmarschalleutnant: 26.07.1813
Feldzeugmeister: 21.10.1830

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Commanding General in Moravia and Silesia: 12.1826 – 07.1829
Commanding General in Bohemia: 07.1829 – 04.11.1833

Field Service (1792-1815)

Commander of the 2nd Army Detachment: 10.1813 – 05.1814
Commander of the Austrian forces during the Blockade of Besançon: 08.01.-20.04.1814 (–)

Chivalric Order

Knight of the Order of Malta (GC)
Envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary of the Order of Malta in Austria (Vienna)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Order of the Golden Fleece: 1830
Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 18.08.1801 / CC: 1809
Military Honor Cross 1813/14 (Army Cross 1813/14): ~ 1814
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°12: 1809 – 04.11.1833

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Prussia:
Order of the Red Eagle 1st cl.: 1813
Russia:
Order of St. George 3rd cl.: 19.[07.]10.1813

Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)

Born on 1 April 1780 in Vienna as youngest son of the later FM Fürst Karl Joseph he entered military service in 1798 as Unterleutnant in Infantry Regiment "Lacy" N°22 in Germany. The following year he fought at Ostrach (21 March) and at Pfungen (Switzerland) on 28 May 1799, where he had the rank of Captain, commanding two companies of his regiment.
End of 1799 he was promoted to Major, in the Infantry Regiment "Manfredini" N°12, which unit was part of the division of FML Fürst Reuss. During the fighting on the River Lech (11 and 14 June), he was twice wounded but held his post, being then captured by the French. For this he was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Military Maria Theresian Order on 18 August 1801.
In 1805 Alois Fürst Liechtenstein was Oberst and commander of his regiment (N°12) in GM Weidenfeld's brigade of Gottesheim's division in the Danube valley. He fought at Haslach on 11 October, then fell into French hands again at the capitulation of Ulm on 20 October.
On 12 February 1809, he was promoted to Generalmajor and commanded a brigade in FML Prinz zu Hohenzollern's III Corps. He fought at Hausen, where he was wounded and distinguished in action. The prince was sent back to Vienna and captured there. On 6 May 1810 (?) he was awarded the Commander's Cross of the MMTO and appointed Proprietor of Infantry Regiment N°12.
In 1812 prince Alois served in the Austrian corps in Russia, commanding a brigade in FML Bianchi's 1st Division. He was wounded (for the 40th time) at Ploska on 8 October.
On 26 July 1813 he was promoted to Feldmarschalleutnant and commanded a division in FZM Merveldt's II Corps. He fought on the left wing at Dresden, where he led Infantry Regiment "Wenzel Colloredo" N°57 in a bayonet charge, which threw the French out of Rosstal, but was pushed out again by a heavy counter attack. On 17 September he fought and was distinguished at Arbesau (Teplitz), where he won a sword of honour from the Czar. On 16 October he took over command of II Corps after Merveldt was captured; his outstanding behavior on this day brought him the Russian Order of St. George III. cl.
On 9 November, Alois prince Liechtenstein threw GdD Comte Charles-Antoine-Louis-Alexis Morand's 12th Division out of the redoubts near Hochheim. He crossed the Rhine at Basle in December and advanced to the River Doubs. On 1 January 1814, he commanded the brigades of Coburg, Beck and Weigl and the Cuirassier Regiment "Erzherzog Franz" N°2. He left a blockade corps at Fort Joux and pushed on to Besançon. On 23 January, he repelled several attacks by GdD Claude-Ignace-François Michaud on the road from Marre and inflicted heavy loss on him. For this, he received the Order of the Red Eagle I cl. from the king of Prussia. He beat back several sorties from Besançon in March and April; the siege was lifted on 20 April.
After 1815 the prince was used on diplomatic missions and was representative of the Order of St John to the court in Vienna. Later, he was GOC in Moravia and then Bohemia. He was finally Feldzeugmeister and awarded the the Order of the Golden Fleece. On 4 November 1833 the prince died in Prague.

Printed Sources

ADB 18 p.606ff. | Bodart, p.482 | Falke, Jacob von: Geschichte des fürstlichen Hauses Liechtenstein, vol.3, Vienna 1882, p.361ff. | Hirtenfeld, p.850ff. | Hubka, IR22, p.172 | MD 3, p.128 | MilSchem | Wrede 1, p.199 | Wurzbach 15, p.109ff. | WZ, 31.07.1813, 14.10.1813, 19.02.1814, 21.02.1814 | Zivkovic, Generalität, p.40 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, pp.51, 53, 132

Internet Sources

Boettger
Ebert (http://www.napoleon-online.de/AU_Generale/html/liechtenstein.html#Junior2)
Jewison/Steiner
Marek (http://genealogy.euweb.cz/liecht/liecht3.html)
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
Theroff (http://pages.prodigy.net/ptheroff/gotha/liechtenstein.html)
Vederman


 

 L36
Liechtenstein, Johann Joseph Fürst von und zu

Dates of Life

Born: Vienna, 26.06.1760
Died: Vienna, 20.04.1836

Family Status

Cousin of L35 and L37
Married 1792: Josephine Sophie Landgräfin von Fürstenberg-Weitra (1776-1848)

Promotions

Major: 29.06.1787
Oberstleutnant: 30.05.1788
Oberst: 03.02.1790
Generalmajor: 11.06.1794 (w.r.f. 20.04.1794)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 05.08.1799 (w.r.f. 04.08.1799)
General der Kavallerie: 06.09.1808
Feldmarschall: 12.09.1809

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Commanding General in Upper and Lower Austria and (until 1809) in Salzburg: 18.12.1806 – 15.09.1810

Field Service (1792-1815)

Commander of the Austrian forces at the combat of Avesnes-le-Sec: 12.09.1793 (+)
Commander of the Austrian forces during the siege of Cuneo: 16.11. – 03.12.1799 (+)
Commander of the (autonomous) Reserve Corps: 14.11.1805 – 12.1805
Commander of the 1st Reserve Corps: 02.-07.1809
Commander of the main army (= Army of Germany): 30.07.1809 – 12.1809

Change of Social Status

Liechtenstein:
Regierender Fürst (sovereign prince): 24.03.1805

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Order of the Golden Fleece: 12.02.1806
Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 19.12.1790 / CC: 26.09.1796 / GC: 18.08.1801
Colonel-Proprietor of the Dragoon Regiment N°9: 15.12.1799 – 1801
Colonel-Proprietor of the Hussar Regiment N°7: 02.03.1801 – 20.04.1836
I.R. Chamberlain

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)

Johann Josef Fürst von und zu Liechtenstein was born on 26 June 1760 in Vienna. He joined the Austrian army in 1782 as a lieutenant in Cuirassier Regiment "Anspach" N°33. He fought in the wars against the Turks in 1788/89 and proved to be a daring and able cavalry commander. On 19 December 1790 he was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Military Maria Theresian Order. Shortly afterwards, he was promoted Oberst and given command of Chevauxleger Regiment Kinsky N°7.
In April 1792, he joined the army of Fürst von Hohenlohe-Kirchberg on the Rhine and took part in the operations in Champagne. On 9 June 1793, he fought in the Austrian defeat at Arlon in Luxemburg. He then took part in the stunning success of Avesnes-le-Sec on 12 September of that year, where his 2,000 cavalry crushed a force of 7,000 infantry, 4 squadrons of cavalry and 20 guns under GdB Nicholas Declaye. In 1794, he took part in the successful siege of Landrecies (21-30 April), the battle of Le Cateau (26 April) and many other clashes. On 3 June, he fought in the battle of Charleroi-Gosselies and on 11 June 1794, he was promoted to Generalmajor. He then went on to fight at Fleurus on 26 June.
In 1796 prince Johann served in Germany, in Baillet de Latour's Right Wing of FM Wurmser's Army of the Upper Rhine and was at the battle of Würzburg as a brigade commander, where his charge broke the French line. For this, he was awarded the Commander's Cross of the MMTO on 26 July 1796.
In the campaign of 1799 the prince fought in Italy. During the victorious battle at the Trebbia River (17-20 June 1799) he commanded the Reserve, which decided the day. On 5 August of that year he was promoted to Feldmarschalleutnant followed by his appointment to proprietor of the Dragoon Regiment N°9 (disbanded 1801) at the end of that year.
In 1800, prince Johann fought in southern Germany and covered the Austrian withdrawal after the disastrous defeat of Hohenlinden on 3 December, where he again commanded the Austro-Bavarian Cavalry Reserve. After the disbandment of his Regiment (Dragoon N°9) in 1801 he was made proprietor of Hussar Regiment N°7, and on 18 August, he was awarded the Grand Cross of the MMTO.
In 1805 he commanded the 5th Column at Austerlitz and covered the allied retreat. Following this defeat, he negotiated the Peace of Pressburg for the emperor.
In 1806, Napoleon incorporated his principality to the Confederation of the Rhine. Rather than serve the French, Liechtenstein abdicated in favour of his three-year-old son, Alois, and remained in Austrian military service.
In the 1809 campaign he took Regensburg on 20 April, fought at Eggmühl two days later in command of the Reserve Corps and commanded the Reserve again at Aspern, Wagram and Znaim. He was promoted Feldmarschall on 12 September 1809 and signed the Peace of Vienna on behalf of the emperor. In 1815 he retired and dedicated himself to ruling his principality. He died in Vienna in 1836.

Printed Sources

ADB 18, p.610ff. | Angeli, Carl 4, p.558 | Bodart, p.278, 348 | Criste, Oskar: Feldmarschall Johann Fürst von Liechtenstein. Eine Biographie, Vienna 1905 | Falke, Jacob von: Geschichte des fürstlichen Hauses Liechtenstein, vol.3, Vienna 1882, p.283ff. | Hirtenfeld 1, p.570ff. | Hollins, p.10f. | MD 3, p.128 (wrong: b. 26.01.1760) | MilSchem | NDB 14, p.519f. (wrong: b. 27.06.1760) | Pizzighelli, DR10, pp.187, 190 (wrong: Oberst on 06.02.1790), 209, 421 | Victorin, DR7, pp.204, 406 | Wanger, Harald: Die Regierenden Fürsten von Liechtenstein, Triesen 1995, p.121ff. | Wrede 3, pp.266, 693 | Wrede (6), p.32 | Wurzbach 15, p.148ff. | WZ, 21.09.1808 | Zivkovic, Generalität, pp.14 (wrong: FM on 10.09.1809), 38 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, pp.129, 131

Internet Sources

Boettger
Ebert (http://www.napoleon-online.de/AU_Generale/html/liechtenstein.html)
Jewison/Steiner
Marek (http://genealogy.euweb.cz/liecht/liecht4.html)
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
Theroff (http://pages.prodigy.net/ptheroff/gotha/liechtenstein.html)


 

 L37
Liechtenstein, Moritz Joseph Johann Baptist Fürst von und zu

Dates of Life

Born: Vienna, 21.07.1775
Died: Vienna, 24.03.1819

Family Status

Brother of L35
Cousin of L36
Married 1806: Leopoldine Prinzessin Esterházy de Galántha (1788-1846)

Promotions

Major: 1796
Oberstleutnant: 1798
Oberst: 1800
Generalmajor: 01.09.1805 (w.r.f. 06.04.1805)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 27.05.1809

Field Service (1792-1815)

Commander of the allied forces at the battle of Troyes (Fontvannes): 23./24.02.1814 (–)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 18.08.1801
Colonel-Proprietor of the Cuirassier Regiment N°6: 17.04.1809 – 24.03.1819

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Prussia:
Order of the Red Eagle 1st cl.: 1813

Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)

Liechtenstein, Moritz Joseph Johann Baptist Viktor, Fürst von, FML. Commander, 1st Light Division, Army of Bohemia in 1813.
Born on 21 July 1775 as the second son of the later FM Karl Joseph von Liechtenstein the young prince entered military service in 1772 as Unterleutnant in the 1st Carabinier Regiment "Sachsen-Teschen" N°5. In July 1796 he was Major and Flügel-Adjutant to Erzherzog Carl. Two years later (1798) he was Oberstleutnant in Uhlan Regiment "Schwarzenberg" N°2. On 25-26 March 1799 he fought at Stockach; here, the Austrian advance guard was cut off by the French in a wood at Orsingen; Liechtenstein gathered the remnants of the Austrian cavalry, charged in the face of two French batteries firing canister and cut his comrades out. On 16 October, Ney's division assaulted the Neckar bridge near Wienheim nine times, but Liechtenstein's rearguard repelled all assaults thus saving the Austrian field hospital, the magazines and the army artillery reserve. Liechtenstein was wounded in this action. At Mösskirch on 5 May 1800, Liechtenstein commanded the advance guard; by a decisive charge against superior enemy cavalry, he saved many of the Austrians from captivity.
On 19 December 1800 he saved the Austrian train from capture after the defeat at Hohenlinden, by holding up the French until it crossed the River Traun. Unfortunately, the train was captured later anyway. On 18 August 1801, he was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Military Maria Theresian Order.
On 1 September 1805 the prince recieved his promotion to Generalmajor but unfortunately was captured in the capitulation of Ulm. He negotiated with Napoleon, who was impressed with him. He then fought at Austerlitz in the Avantgarde under Kienmayer, commanding the 4th Brigade, 1st Column.
Moritz Liechtenstein was very distinguished in the 1809 campaign at Hausen on 19 April as a brigade commander in FML Prinz von Hohenzollern's III Corps. He was again wounded, promoted to Feldmarschalleutnant on the field on 27 May. That year he also was made proprietor of Cuirassier Regiment N°6.
In 1813, he commanded the 1st Light Division; after the battle of Dresden, he fought a successful rearguard action at Pretschendorf on 28 August and at Pretsch on 10 October, where he stopped Marshal Augereau's advance, causing him 1,500 casualties for 500 of his own. He also fought at Kösen on 21 October and at Hochheim on 9 December.
On 14 February 1814, the prince took Auxerre and advanced along the Rhone on Paris to fight there. On 23-24 February, he was defeated by GdB Baron Auguste-Jean-Joseph-Gilbert Ameil's 12th Light Cavalry Brigade at Troyes. He fought in the allied victory at La Ferté-sur-Aube on 28 February. After the war of 1815 he commanded a division in Austria until his death on 24 March 1819.

Printed Sources

Bodart, p.473 | Falke, Jacob von: Geschichte des fürstlichen Hauses Liechtenstein, vol.3, Vienna 1882, p.347ff. | Hirtenfeld 1, p.686ff. | MD 3, p.128 | MilSchem | Wrede, DR6, p.404, 412, 927 | Wrede 3, p.159 | Wurzbach 15, p.168ff. | WZ, 25.11.1809, 21.02.1814

Internet Sources

Ebert (http://www.napoleon-online.de/AU_Generale/html/liechtenstein.html#Junior1)
Jewison/Steiner
Marek (http://genealogy.euweb.cz/liecht/liecht3.html)
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
Theroff (http://pages.prodigy.net/ptheroff/gotha/liechtenstein.html)


 

 L38
Lilien, Friedrich Freiherr von

Dates of Life

Born: 30.08.1745
Died: Vienna, 26.08.1831

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst: 13.11.1775
Generalmajor: 31.05.1788 (w.r.f. 19.05.1788)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 29.12.1793 (w.r.f. 11.12.1793)
Retired: 01.1806

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

Amon, IR4, p.193, 214 | MilSchem

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
 


 L39
Lilien, (Joseph) Karl Freiherr von

Dates of Life

Born: Nürnberg (free imperial city), 14.07.1743
Died: Vienna, 27.02.1810

Family Status

Married: 1770 Antonia von Overy

Promotions

Major: 28.02.17671
Oberstleutnant: 20.04.17712
Oberst: 01.05.1773
Generalmajor: 10.04.17833 (w.r.f. 25.04.1783)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 16.01.1790 (w.r.f. 13.02.1790)
General der Kavallerie: 01.03.1801 (w.r.f. 22.02.1801)
Retired: 01.02.1806

Field Service (1792-1815)

Inspector of Military Provisions of the Army of the Rhine: 1796
Austrian and Imperial War Commissar: 1797

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

2nd Colonel-Proprietor of the Dragoon Regiment N°26 / (since 1798:) N°3 / (since 1802:) N°1: 25.05.1785 – 27.02.1810
I.R. Privy Councillor: 1797

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Amon, DR9, pp.160f., 251f., 386 | Megerle, p.149 | MilSchem | Wengen, DR13, pp.487, 492, 496 | Wrede 3, p.183 | WZ, 17.03.1810 | Zivkovic, Generalität, p.37

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Amon, DR9, p.251: 01.03.1767 (?)
2) Amon, DR9, p.251: 01.05.1771 (?)
3) Amon, DR9, p.252: 09.04.1783 (?)
 


 L40
Lind, Andreas von

Dates of Life

Born: 17??
Died: Vienna, 20.07.1822

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 01.01.1807
Retired: 01.01.1807

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Decoration of the Elisabeth Theresian Military Foundation: 1815

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

Auer, N°164 | MilSchem

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
 


 L41
Linde, Joseph Ritter von
Linde von Linden, Joseph Freiherr

Dates of Life

Born: Münster / Münster (prince-bishopric), 1728
Died: Vienna, 16.11.1804

Promotions

Major: 19.09.1778
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 29.12.1793 (w.r.f. 18.12.1791)
Retired: 01.1794

Elevation of Social Status

Freiherr: 07.02.1791 (with predicate "von Linden")

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 21.12.1789

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Amon, IR20, pp.207, 240, 246 | Frank 3, p.144 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.267f. | MilSchem | Wurzbach 15, p.197f.

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
 


 L42
Lindenau, Karl Friedrich von

Dates of Life

Born: Leipzig / Saxony, 1746
Died: Vienna, 21.02.1817

Promotions

Prussia:
[rank ?]
Into Austrian service: 1786 (1789?)
Major: 1789
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst: 1790
Generalmajor: 01.03.1797 (w.r.f. 19.07.1794)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 05.03.1800 (w.r.f. 01.09.1799)
Feldzeugmeister: 27.05.1809
Retired: 27.05.1809

Field Service (1792-1815)

Chief of the Quartermaster General Staff of the Army of the Netherlands: 04.1792 – 02.1793

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 24.11.1801
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°29: 07.10.1803 – 21.02.1817

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)

Karl Friedrich von Lindenau was born in 1746, in Leipzig, Saxony. He first served in the Prussian army, but, having enraged the old FM von Möllendorf, he had to resign in 1789. In August that same year, he entered Austrian service, as a major in the general staff of Herzog Albert von Sachsen-Teschen in the Austrian Netherlands. Here, he was employed to teach the young Erzherzog Carl tactics and military history. In 1790, he was promoted to Oberst. After the Austrian defeat at Jemappes (6 November 1792) he returned to Vienna.
On 1 March 1797, he was promoted to Generalmajor.
In the campaign of 1799, Lindenau commanded a brigade in Swabia under Erzherzog Carl; he was distinguished at the storming of Mannheim on 18 September. On 5 March 1800, Lindenau received his promotion to Feldmarschalleutnant. In 1803, he was appointed proprietor of Infantry Regiment N°29.
He commanded a division of grenadiers in 1805, initially in Mercy d'Argenteau's corps in Italy and was distinguished in the victory at Caldiero on 29-31 October.
Four years later he fought in the Reserve Corps at Aspern, commanding a grenadier division, but was not at Wagram. On 27 May 1809, he was promoted to Feldzeugmeister and retired at the end of the campaign. He died on 21 February 1817, in Vienna.

Printed Sources

ADB 18, p.687f. | Hirtenfeld 1, p.707ff. (wrong: d. 14.02.1817) | Hödl, IR29, pp.232, 304, 561 | MD 7, p.172 (wrong: d. 14.02.1817) | MilSchem | ÖBL 5, p.219 | Regele, p.28 | Wrede 1, p.324 | Wurzbach 15, p.204ff. (wrong: d. 14.02.1817) | Zivkovic, Generalität, p.38 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, p.108

Internet Sources

Ebert (http://www.napoleon-online.de/AU_Generale/html/lindenau.html) (wrong: d. 14.02.1817)
Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
 


 L43
Linken, Friedrich Freiherr von

Dates of Life

Born: Steindorf / Upper Austria, 21.03.1743
Died: Dornbirn1 / Vorarlberg, 07.09.1800

Promotions

Major: 06.04.1786
Oberstleutnant: 27.07.1788
Oberst: 06.08.1789
Generalmajor: 24.02.1794 (w.r.f. 18.02.1794)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 17.04.1797 (w.r.f. 22.04.1797)

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Adjutant-General to the Emperor Franz II.: 03.1796 – 06.1797
Military Commander in Carniola (Laibach): 1797-?

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Decoration of the Elisabeth Theresian Military Foundation: 1795

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Auer, N°166 | Leitner 2, p.64 | MilSchem | Svoboda 1, col.30 (first name: "Nikolaus" ? / wrong: GM on 22.02.1794) | Wrede (6), p.18 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, p.39

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Svoboda: Schwaz / Tyrol (?)
 


 L44
Lippa von Duba und Kosarczow, Guido Ferdinand
Lippa von Duba und Kosarczow, Guido Ferdinand Ritter

Dates of Life

Born: Radoschau (Radoszowy) / Silesia, 12.04.1746
Died: Troppau (Opava) / Austrian Silesia, 21.07.18181

Promotions

Major: 07.1794
Oberstleutnant: 07.1795
Oberst: 03.1799
Generalmajor: 29.10.1800 (w.r.f. 21.[24.]01.1801)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 24.10.1808
Retired: 1809

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 18.08.1801

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

Hirtenfeld 1, p.644f. | Hubka, IR22, pp.140, 160, 181 | MD 7, p.173 | MilSchem | Wurzbach 15, p.224f. | WZ, 03.09.1808

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Hirtenfeld / MD / Wurzbach: 11.01.1818 (?) / Schmid-Brentano: 11.07.1818 (?)


 

 L45
Lippe, Georg Clemens Freiherr von der

Dates of Life

Born: Kronstadt (Brassó, Braşov) / Transylvania, 19.05.1748
Died: Preßburg (Pozsony, Bratislava) / Hungary, 29.10.1829

Promotions

Major: 04.04.1790
Oberstleutnant: 11.06.1799
Oberst: 19.12.1799
Generalmajor: 01.09.18051 (w.r.f. 25.03.1805)
Retired: 1805

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

Leitner 2, p.87f. (wrong: Mjr in 1789 / Obstlt in 1798) | MilSchem | Rupprecht, IR60, pp.24f., 44, appendix p.7 | Svoboda 1, col.48f.

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Rupprecht, IR60, appendix, p.7: 31.08.1805 (?)


 

 L46
Lipthay de Kisfalud, Anton Freiherr

Dates of Life

Born: Szécseny / Com. Neograd (Nógrád) / Hungary 1745
Died: WIA Verona / Venetia, 26.03.1799 à Padua / Venetia, 17.02.1800

Promotions

Major: 1788
Oberstleutnant: 1789
Oberst: 1793
Generalmajor: 01.05.1795 (w.r.f. 05.04.1794)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 02.10.1799 (w.r.f. 06.09.1799)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 15.11.1788

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)

Anton Lipthay de Kisfalud was born in 1745 in Hungary. With age of 50 he reached the rank of Generalmajor (1 May 1795).
1796 he served in Italy, initially as brigade commander in Mercy d'Argenteau's division. He fought at Voltri on 10 April and Montenotti on the next two days. After the disaster of Mondovi, Piedmont was evacuated by the Austrians and on 2 May they fell back over the Po at Valenza. Napoleon crossed the river – unopposed, but observed by two squadrons of Lipthay's cavalry – at Piacenza on 7 May. The French advance caught Beaulieu's unconcentrated forces by surprise; on 8 May Lipthay was attacked and thrown back at Fombio, loosing 600 men. His corps dissolved in the following chase.
Lipthay's next task was to bring the Venetian fortress of Peschiera, at the southern end of Lake Garda, under his control, which he did by a surprise raid. He then took post there with 4,500 men. When the Mincio River line was broken at Borghetto on 30 May, he withdrew up into the Tyrol. He took part in Wurmser's main column in the first attempt to relieve Mantua and was defeated by general Augereau's division at Castiglione on 3 August. Two days later he was wounded fighting in the battle of Castiglione. Wurmser withdrew up the Etsch to Ala.
In the autumn Lipthay was part of the Corps of the Friaul. He fought in Wurmser's second relief attempt at Mantua (at Castiglioni) on 5 August, but did not go with the army's main body into the fortress. He also took part in Alvinczy's third attempt to relieve Mantua, and fought at the victory at Bassano over the French under Napoleon on 6 November. He also fought in the victory at Caldiero on 12 November and in the defeat at Arcole of 15-17 November. Lipthay commanded an assault column at Rivoli on 14-15 January 1797 in Alvinczy's final attempt to relieve Mantua. On 14, his column threw the French back at Monte Baldo, but at 10 a.m., Napoleon led Massena's division in a counter attack which stabilised the French line.
Serving again on the Italian theatre-of-war in 1799 Lipthay received his promotion to Feldmarschalleutnant on 2 October that year. In the clash at Verona on 26 March 1799 he was mortally wounded and died on 17 February 1800 in Padua.

Printed Sources

Hirtenfeld 1, p.243f. | MD 7, p.174 | Megerle, p.297 | MilSchem | Wurzbach, 15, p.235f.

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
 


 L47
Lobkowitz, Joseph Maria Karl Fürst von

Dates of Life

Born: Prague (Praha) / Bohemia, 08.01.1725
Died: Vienna, 05.03.18021

Family Status

Married: 1752 Maria Josepha Gräfin von Harrach, the widowed Fürstin von und zu Liechtenstein (1727-1788)

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant: 14.02.1748
Oberst: 01.11.1752
Generalmajor: 22.02.17582
Feldmarschalleutnant: 06.10.1768
General der Kavallerie: 16.03.1771 (w.r.f. 04.08.1770)
Feldmarschall: 28.03.1785 (w.r.f. 06.03.1785)

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Minister plenipotentiary in St. Petersburg (Russia)3: 06.01.1764 – 25.05.17774
Captain of the First Arcièren Life Guard: 11.04.1785 – 06.03.1802

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Order of the Golden Fleece: 11.10.1772
Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 23.01.1760
Colonel-Proprietor of the Dragoon Regiment N°28 / (since 1779:) Chevauxleger Regiment N°28 / (since 1798:) Dragoon Regiment N°10 à (since 1802:) Chevauxleger Regiment N°3: 1773 – 05.03.1802

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

ADB 19, p.50ff. | Amon, Hauptleute, p.53ff. | Hirtenfeld 1, p.103f. | Matsch, p.122 | MD 3, p.135 | MilSchem | NDB 14, p.733f. | Repertorium 3, p.88 | Wrede 3, p.353 | Wrede (6), p.72 | Wurzbach 15, p.347ff. | Zivkovic, Generalität, pp.12, 34 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, p.43

Internet Sources

Boettger
Ebert (http://pages.prodigy.net/ptheroff/gotha/lobkowicz.html)
Jewison/Steiner
Marek (http://genealogy.euweb.cz/lobkow/lobkow2.html)
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Hirtenfeld / Amon, Hauptleute, p.55 / Schmidt-Brentano: 06.03.1802 (?)
2) Amon, Hauptleute, p.54: 01.01.1758 (?)
3) on leave: 04.03.1770 – 10.04.1771 / 10.01.1775 – 22.02.1776
4) Matsch: 03.11.1763 – 22.01.1777 (?)
 


 L48
Löderer, Mathias von

Dates of Life

Born: 17??
Died: (Vienna ?), 20.08.1818

Name Variants

also: Lederer

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant: 02./03.1808
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 27.02.1814

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

MilSchem | WZ, 09.03.1808, 29.06.1814

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
 


 L49
Loën von Enschede, Ignaz Freiherr

Dates of Life

Born: around 1735
Died: Vienna, 27.09.1813

Name Variants

also: Loen d’Enschede

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 29.10.1800 (w.r.f. 15.11.1800)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

MilSchem

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
 


 L50
Löpper, Franz Ritter von

Dates of Life

Born: Freiburg im Breisgau / Anterior Austria, 1741
Died: St. Pölten / Lower Austria, 12.02.1801

Promotions

Major: 08.1793
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst: 1797
Generalmajor: 29.10.1801 (w.r.f. 27.12.1800)

Field Service (1792-1815)

Commander of the Austrian forces at the combat of Neumarkt: 16.12.1800 (–)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 11.05.1796

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)

Born in 1741 in Freiburg, in Breisgau (south west Germany), Franz von Löpper joined the Austrian Infantry Regiment "Colloredo" N°40, as a volunteer in 1756. He fought with this regiment in 1757 and 1758. In 1759, when the "Loudon grenadier battalions" were raised, Löpper was appointed Unterleutnant in one of them and fought at Kunersdorf (12 August) where he was wounded. In 1760 he fought at Landeshut (23 June) and Liegnitz (15 August). When the Loudon grenadier battalions were disbanded, Löpper was posted to Infantry Regiment N°51 "Franz von Gyulai". In 1771, he was promoted to captain in Hussar Regiment "Esterházy" N°32. He fought in the war of the Bavarian Succession (1778/79) and in August 1793, was promoted to major, commanding two squadrons in Flanders. He took part in many reconnaissance raids. On 17 April 1794, he fought in the resounding allied victory at Catillon, where he was repeatedly distinguished, taking eight cannon, a howitzer and 6 ammuntion wagons. For this, he was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Military Maria Theresian Order on 11 May 1796. Next year, he was promoted to Oberst.
In March 1799, Löpper was in the army of Erzherzog Carl in Swabia, in Kienmayer's brigade. He fought at Ostrach (21 March), Stockach (25 March) and the 1st battle of Zürich on 4 June.
On 29 October 1801, he was promoted to Generalmajor, having successfully commanded a small mixed force in Bavaria that year. In the defeat of Hohenlinden on 3 December 1800, he commanded the Avantgarde of the Austro-Bavarian army. Following that disaster, he commanded the rearguard. On 18 December, he was captured by GdD Antoine Richepanse's troops at Vöcklabruck. Two months later he died in St Pölten on 12 February 1801.

Printed Sources

Bodart, p.358 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.471f. | MD 7, p.178 | MilSchem | Wurzbach 15, p.397f.

Internet Sources

Ebert (http://www.napoleon-online.de/AU_Generale/html/loepper.html)
Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
 


 L51
Löwenberg, (Johann Baptist) Wunibald Freiherr von

Dates of Life

Born: 17??
Died: Hermannstadt (Sibiu, Nagyszeben) / Transylvania, 16.12.1822

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 06.03.1800 (w.r.f. 26.04.1800)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 22.01.1808
Retired: 1811

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

MilSchem | WZ, 20.02.1808

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
 


 L52
Longueville, Johann Baptist Freiherr von

Dates of Life

Born: 09.07.1753
Died: Vienna, 05.11.1831

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant: 03./04.1808
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 26.07.1813
Feldmarschalleutnant (title a.h.): 03.07.1824
Retired: 03.07.1824

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Fortress Commandant of Legnago: 1814 – 03.07.1824

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

MilSchem | WZ, 04.05.1808, 31.07.1813, 14.10.1813

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
 


 L53
Lothringen-Lambesc, Karl Eugen Prinz von

Dates of Life

Born: Versailles / France, 25.09.17511
Died: Vienna, 21.11.1825

Name Variants

(French) Charles Eugéne de Lorraine, Prince de Lambesc, Duc d’Elboeuf, Comte de Brionne

Family Status

Brother of L54
Married (1): 1803 Anne Gräfin Potocka-Zetzner (1764-1818)
Married (2): 1816 Marie Victoire Folliot de Crenneville (1766-1845), divorced: 1817

Promotions

France:
Marechal-de-Camp: 09.03.1788
Into Austrian service: 1791
Generalmajor: 18.06.17912
Feldmarschalleutnant: 04.03.1796 (w.r.f. 01.10.1795)
General der Kavallerie: 03.12.1806 (w.r.f. 27.01.1806)

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Commanding General in East Galicia / (since 1805:) Galicia: 09.1800 – 31.12.1806
Captain of the First Arcièren Life Guard: 31.12.1806 – 21.11.1825

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Order of the Golden Fleece: 07.01.1808
Military Maria Theresian Order – CC: 11.05.1796
Colonel-Proprietor of the Cuirassier Regiment N°21 / (since 1798:) N°7: 22.06.1794 – 21.11.1825

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

France:
Order of the Holy Spirit: 01.01.1776
Military Order of St. Louis – CC: before 1792
Colonel-Proprietor of the Royal Allemand Dragoon Regiment

Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)

Born on 25 September 1751 in Versailles Karl Eugen Prinz von Lothringen, Fürst von Lambesc became became Chef of the Royal-Allemand-Dragoons in 1778. On 9 March 1788 he was promoted to MdC in the French army. On 1 February 1793, his regiment was taken into Austrian service and in 1798, combined into Cuirassier Regiment N°10. On 18 June 1791, the prince was appointed Generalmajor in the Austrian army. In October 1791, he was given command of a brigade composed of the Freikorps "Degelmann" and Dragoon Regiment N°37 in Flanders. In the combats of 1792, he was distinguished several times. In the battle of Tournai on 22 May 1794, he charged the French infantry on the heights of Templeuve with four squadrons of Chevauxleger Regiment "Karaiczay" N°18, cutting down 500 men and taking 3 guns. On 22 June 1794, he was made Proprietor of Cuirassier Regiment N°21 as a reward for his actions. In the battle of Fleurus, on 26 June 1794, he charged with 4 squadrons of "Albert" Carabiniers N°5, to rescue part of FZM Graf von Kaunitz's infantry, which was surrounded by three French cavalry regiments. He scattered the enemy cavalry and secured an orderly withdrawal from the field.
On 4 March 1796, he was promoted to Feldmarschalleutnant. In 1796 he served in Germany under FM Wurmser in the Army of the Upper Rhine; on 11 May of that year, he was awarded the Commander's Cross of the Military Maria Theresian Order. He fought with distinction at Amberg on 24 August and in the battle of Würzburg (2 September) as a cavalry brigade commander.
In the wars of the 2nd Coalition Prince Lothringen fought in Swabia, and on 3 May 1800, was distinguished in the battle of Engen. After this campaign, the prince was posted to Galicia. On 3 December 1806, he was promoted to General der Kavallerie and - a few weeks - later appointed captain of the Erste Arcièren-Leibgarde in Vienna; he was also awarded the Order of the Golden Fleece (1808).
After the restoration of Louis XVIII, he was created again Peer of France, given the title Duc d'Elbeuf and made a marshal of France. Popular hostility against him in France, meant that he never exercised these privileges; he died in Vienna on 21 November 1825.

Printed Sources

ADB 17, p.557 | Amon, Hauptleute, p.59ff. | Hirtenfeld 1, p.464f. | MD 3, p.93 | MilSchem | Nekrolog 1825/2, p.1584 (wrong: d. 22.11.1825) | ÖBL 5, p.330 | Petiot, p.341 | Victorin, DR7, pp.209f., 401 | Wenzlik-Ebert p.18ff. | Wrede 3, p.165 | Wrede (6), p.72 | Wurzbach 14, p.48ff. | WZ, 09.01.1808 | Zivkovic, Generalität, p.38 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, pp.44, 63

Internet Sources

Boettger
Ebert (http://www.napoleon-online.de/AU_Generale/html/lothringen.html)
Jewison/Steiner
Liste des chevaliers du Saint-Esprit appartenant à la Saintonge (http://www.histoirepassion.eu/spip.php?article529).- Download: 21.05.2008
Marek (http://genealogy.euweb.cz/lorraine/lorraine6.html)
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Petiot: 28.09.1751 (?) / Amon, Hauptleute (p.62): 23.11.1751 (according to the inscription of his monument in St. Stephen Cathedral in Vienna) (?)
2) Amon, Hauptleute, p.60: 07.06.1791 (?)
 


 L54
Lothringen-Vaudémont, Joseph Maria Ludwig Prinz von

Dates of Life

Born: Paris / France, 23.06.1759
Died: Szegedin (Szeged) / Hungary, 29.03.1812

Name Variants

(French) Joseph-Marie-Louis de Lorraine, Prince de Vaudémont

Family Status

Brother of L53
Married: 1778 Louise-Auguste de Montmorency-Logny (1763-1832)

Promotions

France:
[rank ?]
Into Austrian service: ~ 1791
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 08.03.1793
Feldmarschalleutnant: 01.03.1797 (w.r.f. 20.02.1797)
General der Kavallerie: 22.01.1808
Retired: 22.01.1808

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

2nd Colonel-Proprietor of the Cuirassier Regiment N°1: 07.10.1803 – 29.03.1812

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)

Josef Maria Ludwig Prinz von Lothringen-Vaudémont was born on 23 June 1759 in Paris. He joined the Austrian army around 1791. On 8 March 1793, he was promoted to Generalmajor. In early 1795, he commanded a cavalry brigade in Schmertzing's division under Sachsen-Coburg in the Netherlands. in 1796 he served under FZM Baillet de Latour as GM of cavalry in Wurmser's Army of the Upper Rhine. On 1 March 1797, the prince was promoted to Feldmarschalleutnant. In 1803 he received his appoinment to 2nd Proprietor of Cuirassier Regiment N°1. In 1805 he commanded a cavalry division in Italy. On 22 January 1808, he retired with the rank of Feldzeugmeister; he died on 23 March 1812 in Hungary.

Printed Sources

MilSchem | Petiot, p.343f. | Wenzlik-Ebert p.20f. | Wrede 3, p.128 | WZ, 20.02.1808, 22.04.1812 | Zivkovic, Generalität, p.38

Internet Sources

Ebert (http://www.napoleon-online.de/AU_Generale/html/lothringen2.html)
Marek (http://genealogy.euweb.cz/lorraine/lorraine6.html)
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
 


 L55
Loudon, (Johann Ludwig) Alexius Freiherr von

Dates of Life

Born: Riga / Livland / Russia, 10.01.1767 (1762 ?)
Died: Hadersdorf near Vienna / Lower Austria, 22.09.1822

Name Variants

also: Laudon

Family Status

Married: 1791 Amalie Gräfin von Fünfkirchen (1770-1849)

Promotions

Major: –
Oberstleutnant: 1789
Oberst: 16.07.1790
Generalmajor: 04.03.17961 (w.r.f. 03.09.1794)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 06.09.1800
Retired: 1806

Field Service (1792-1815)

Commander of the Austrian forces at the combat of Tauffers: 25.03.1799 (–)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 08.07.1797

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)

Johann Ludwig Alexius, Freiherr von Loudon was born on 10 January 1767 in Riga, Latvia. He was a nephew to the great FM Loudon, famous for his exploits in the Seven Years War. By January 1789, he was a captain in the Russian army; then his uncle called upon him to enter Austrian service, which he did, that same year, as an ADC to his uncle, who died in 1790.
In 1792 he had risen to Oberst and commanded Infantry Regiment "Oliver Wallis" N°29, his uncle's old regiment. In 1793, he was in Graf Wurmser's Army of the Upper Rhine and on 13 October, he was in GM Mészáros' 4th Assault Column in the successful attack on the Weissenburg Lines. Loudon received his promotion to Generalmajor in March 1796; he served in Italy as part of Davidovich's Corps of the Tyrol. As part of Alvinczy's attempt to relieve Mantua, he fought at Trient, Cembra and Calliano on 4 November, against GdD Charles-Henri Vaubois, but not at Bassano two days later.
In January 1797, after the disasters of Rivoli and Mantua, he took a position at Roveredo with 8,000 men, mostly Tyrolean Militia ("Landwehr"). On 24 January, he was pushed back by GdD Bartyhélemy-Catherine Joubert to Lavis. He was again thrown back on 24 February. In late March, GdD Joubert was sent into the Tyrol with 20,000 men in the divisions of Delmas, his own and one other. On 20 March, he beat GM Kerpen on the Lavis and caused him 1,000 casualties. The next day (21 March) GM Loudon was also fended off he at Neumarkt and Joubert entered Botzen. Leaving Delmas with 5,000 men in the town, Joubert advanced to Klausen where, on 22 March, he again defeated Kerpen after a hard fight. Kerpen fell back to Mittenwalde on the Eisach River, uncovering the entrance to the Puster valley.
On 27 March, Loudon defeated GdB Emmanuel-Gervais Serviez at Glanig, then recaptured Bozen, Lavis and Trient. For this he was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Military Maria Theresian Order on 8 July of that year. By this time all the Tyrol was in uproar against the French and Joubert dared advance no further. He fell back with his two divisions and took post at Brixen. Here he was assaulted on 31 March and 2 April, and on the latter day, Laudon joined Kerpen and the insurgents here. They now had 12,000 men together. On 4 April Delmas evacuated Botzen, and next day, Joubert's whole corps set off east for Villach, fighting their way to safety. They reached Villach on 8 April, just after the Peace of Leoben had been signed. Joubert seems to have lost about 6 – 8,000 men in the Tyrol.
In 1799 Loudon was still in the Tyrol and fought in the victorious battle of Novi on 15 August as a grenadier brigade commander in Liechtenstein's division of FZM Melas' corps. On 4 November he fought at Genola where Melas again beat the French. There followed the successful action at Mondovi on 13 November.
On 6 September 1800, he was promoted to Feldmarschalleutnant, commanding a division in northwestern Italy. At the end of May he was in the Locarno area. He was then posted to Galicia and took no part in the siege of Genoa and did not serve at Marengo.
For the 1805 campaign he commanded an infantry brigade in Schwarzenberg's Avantgarde, under FML Graf von Riesch and was distinguished at Elchingen on 14 October against Marshal Ney. He was, however, captured at the capitulation of Ulm next day. Loudon retired in 1806 but was reactivated at the outbreak of the war of 1809, when he was with the Reserve Army in Moravia. He retired again after the end of the campaign and died in Vienna on 22 September 1822.

Printed Sources

ADB 18, p.35f. | Bodart, p.329 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.524f. | Hödl, IR29, pp.173f., 193, 626 | MD 3, p.103 | MilSchem | Wurzbach 16, p.92ff.

Internet Sources

Ebert (http://www.napoleon-online.de/AU_Generale/html/laudon.html)
Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Hödl, IR29, p.193: with supreme imperial decision from 15. März [1796]" (?)
 


 L56
Lucini, Joseph von

Dates of Life

Born: 17??
Died: 1797

Promotions

Major: 1781
Oberstleutnant: 1787
Oberst: 1792 (1793?)
Generalmajor (a.h.): 15.01.1796

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

MilSchem | Schmedes, IR28, pp.293, 297

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
 


 L57
Ludwigsdorf, Leopold Freiherr von

Dates of Life

Born: 17??
Died: Vienna, 21.05.1835

Family Status

Married: 1813 Karoline Freiin von Walterskirchen (1794-1861)

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 18.11.1809
Retired: 18.11.1809

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

MD 3, p.151 | MilSchem

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
 


 L58
Lützow, Sigmund Franz Freiherr von

Dates of Life

Born: 1731
Died: 05.10.1795

Promotions

Major: 1774
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst: 1783
Generalmajor: 27.02.1793

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

MilSchem | Schmedes, IR28, pp.78, 293, 297 (wrong: Obstlt in 1784 / Oberst in 1787)

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
 


 L59
Lützow von drey Lützow und Seedorf, Johann Nepomuk Gottfried Graf

Dates of Life

Born: 04.08.1742
Died: 07.02.1822

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor (title a.h.): 04.05.1806
Into Bavarian service:
Generalmajor: ?

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

MilSchem

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
 


 L60
Lumaga, Nikolaus von

Dates of Life

Born: around 1706
Died: Fiume (Rijeka), 06.02.1798

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 23.03.1768 (w.r.f. 03.11.1761)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

MilSchem

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
 


 L61
Lusignan, Franz Joseph Marquis de

Dates of Life

Born: Jaca / Aragon / Spain, 23.06.1753
Died: Eiwanowitz (Ivanovice na Hané) / Moravia, 23.12.18321

Promotions

Major: 01.1789
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst: 06.1794
Generalmajor: 28.02.1797 (w.r.f. 24.05.1796)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 30.01.1801 (w.r.f. 07.09.1800)
Feldzeugmeister: 29.05.1809
Retired: 29.05.1809

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 19.12.1790
2nd Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°16: 1802-1806
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°16: 1806 – 29.12.1832
I.R. Chamberlain

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)

Franz Joseph Marquis de Lusignan was born on 23 June 1753 in Jaca, Aragon, Spain as a member of an old Spanish family. He joined the Austrian army 1771 as Fähnrich, Infantry Regiment Ferraris N°14. In 1778, at the start of the War of the Bavarian Succession, he was stationed in Galicia and was detached from his regiment to serve in the newly-raised Galician Freikorps "Potocki". At the end of the war, he returned to his regiment. In 1781, he transferred to Infantry Regiment "Bender" N°41. In January 1789, his regiment was stationed in Flanders, when he was promoted to major. He saw action against the Belgian rebels and was distinguished in action on 24 March 1790 at Rochefort, near Liege, where, with 400 men, he overthrew 4,000 rebels. For this, he was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Military Maria Theresian Order on 19 December of that year.
On 6 November 1792 he was Oberstleutnant and attended the Austrian defeat at Jemappes. On 2 December, he was captured, together with 200 of his regiment, at Bivier l'Ageau. After being exchanged, he was again in action. On 6 May 1794, he defended the town of Merzig for a whole day against heavy odds. For this, he was promoted to Oberst in the June of that year and given command of his regiment, now "Klebeck". In 1795, Lusignan served in Wurmser's Army of the Upper Rhine and on 18 October took part in the successful assault on the Hartenburg, at Mainz. Later, he was again distinguished at the capture of Neckarau, Mannheim, on 18 October and the defence of Edisheim, in December 1795.
On 28 February 1797, he was serving in northern Italy under FZM Alvinczy; he led a column in the Austrian defeat at Rivoli on 14-15 January. On the first day he advanced to Affi, on the right wing and threatened to cut the French line of retreat. At this point there were 12,000 Austrians fighting 15,000 French (Clausewitz). Following the repulse of the columns of Quosdanovich, Köblös and Ocskay, Lusignan – who saw the event but was far too far forward to escape – was now crushed by Napoleon with the divisions of Joubert and Massena. His column of 5,000 infantry, but no artillery or cavalry, was scattered and destroyed. Only Lusignan and one other escaped over Lake Garda. In early 1797 Lusignan was promoted to Generalmajor and again commanded a brigade during the Austrian withdrawal. On 14 March, whilst commanding the rearguard, he was surrounded by André Masséna's division and forced to surrender with 500 men.
On 16 May 1799 he was in Italy as commander of a brigade in FML Fröhlich's division; he was distinguished in the clash at Marengo-Torre di Garofolgo. GM Lusignan was assaulted by GdD Moreau's main body, but joined up with five Russian battalions under General Prince Bagration in San Guiliano. Together, they threw the French back over the River Bormida to Marengo. He also fought at Magnano on 5 April of that year, where he stormed the heavily-defended heights of Monte Rotondo. He was wounded three times in that action and fell into enemy hands, when his horse was shot dead. His men freed him again.
In January 1801, the emperor promoted him to Feldmarschalleutnant and next year, appointed him 2nd Colonel-Proprietor of Infantry Regiment N°16 (Colonel-Proprietor in 1806).
In 1805 he commanded a division in FML Freiherr von Hiller's corps of South Tyrol. In 1809 he commanded a division in FML Prinz von Hohenzollern-Hechingen's III Corps; on 19 April, at Teugn-Hausen, he again proved his skills against Marshal Davout's III Corps, but received a severe head wound, which forced him to retire. On 29 May 1809, he was promoted to Feldzeugmeister upon retirement. He died on 23 December 1832, in his estate in Eiwanowitz, Moravia.

Printed Sources

Hirtenfeld 1, p.322f. | MD 7, p.189 | MilSchem | Wrede 1, p.226 | Wurzbach 16, p.167f. | Zivkovic, Generalität, p.38 

Internet Sources

Ebert (http://www.napoleon-online.de/AU_Generale/html/lusignan.html)
Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) MilSchem: 29.12.1823 (?)
 


 L62
Luszinsky de Reglicze et Lusna, Joseph Freiherr

Dates of Life

Born: Prague / Bohemia, 29.01.1745
Died: Moor (Mór) / Com. Stuhlweißenburg (Székes-Fehérvár) / Hungary, 03.01.1822

Name Variants

also: Luzensky

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor (title a.h.): 03.1807
Retired: 1809

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Order of St. Stephen – KC: 14.12.1812

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

Leitner 2, p.77 | MilSchem | Svoboda 1, col.43 | Wurzbach 16, p.172 | WZ, 22.10.1812, 26.12.1812

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
 


 L63
Lutz, Karl von

Dates of Life

Born: Heiligenberg / Fürstenberg (principality), 1754
Died: Oberleutensdorf (Litvínov) / Bohemia, 29.03.1820

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant: 07./08.1808
Oberst: 17.06.1809
Generalmajor: 09.11.18131
Retired: 1814

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

MilSchem (wrong: d. in "Oberleitersdorf") | Sittig, FJB1, pp.43, 87, appendix 5 | WZ, 03.09.1808

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Sittig, FJB1, p.: 04.11.1813 (?)
 


 L64
Lutz, Peter Ritter von

Dates of Life

Born: Vienna, 1754
Died: Szent Györgyvár / Com. Zala / Hungary, 07.10.1809

Promotions

Major: 09.1793
Oberstleutnant: 01.1797
Oberst: 1799
Generalmajor: 01.09.1805 (w.r.f. 20.01.1804)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 25.08.(09.?)1809

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 18.08.1801

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Gatti, IngAk, p.236 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.605 (wrong: only GM) | MD 7, p.189 | MilSchem | Wurzbach 16, p.173f. (wrong: only GM) | WZ, 25.11.1809, 17.03.1810

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
 


 L65
Luxem, Jakob Ritter von

Dates of Life

Born: 1768
Died: Graz / Styria, 14.02.1841

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant: 27.04.1809
Oberst: 25.06.1809
Generalmajor: 27.02.1814
Feldmarschalleutnant: 23.05.1830

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Military Commander in the Tyrol and Vorarlberg (Innsbruck): 11.1819 – 05.1830
Commanding General ad interim in Transylvania: 1833-1834

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°27: 1826 – 14.02.1841

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Russia:
Order of St. Vladimir 3rd cl.: 1815

Printed Sources

Amon, IR20, pp.351, 417f. | MD 3, p.154 | MilSchem | Wrede 1, p.306 | WZ, 29.06.1814, 13.08.1815 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, p.72

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


Placed on the Napoleon Series: June 2008

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