Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics



  By Leopold Kudrna, with Biographical Essays by Digby Smith.





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Austrian Generals
1792-1815


P
 
Paar  to  Putnik




  
 P1 Paar, (Johann) Karl Graf von
Paar, (Johann) Karl Fürst von
 
Personal Information
Born: Vienna, 15.06.1772
Died: Vienna, 30.12.1819

Family Status
Married: 1805 Maria Aloisia Gräfin Cavriani (1783-1861)

Promotions

Major: 05.1797
Oberstleutnant: 26.09.1799
Oberst: 26.10.1800
Generalmajor: 08.04.18061 (w.r.f. 20.05.1805)
Quit: 04.1806
Reactivated: 1809
Retired: 1810

Elevation of Social Status

Fürst: 1800

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 18.08.1801
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°43: 01.1815 – 30.12.1819
I.R. Privy Councillor: 01.1815
I.R. Chamberlain

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Prussia:
Order of the Red Eagle 1st cl.
Russia:
Order of St. Vladimir 4th cl.: 08./09.1813

Printed Sources

Dragoni, IR45, pp.210, 215, 218ff., 224 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.635f. | MD 4, p.86 (wrong: b. 1773) | MilSchem | Wrede 1, p.426 | Wurzbach 21, p.150f. | WZ, 18.09.1813

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Marek (http://genealogy.euweb.cz/paar/paar3.html)
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Dragoni, IR45, p.220: 07.04.1806 (?)


 
 P2 Pach, Johann Nepomuk Freiherr von
 
Personal Information
Born: 21.05.1754
Died: (Graz / Styria ?), 05.06.1818

Name Variants
also: Bach

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant: 12.05.1801
Oberst: 15.02.1806
Generalmajor: 17.06.18091
Retired: 1809

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

Dragoni, IR45, p.224 | MilSchem | WZ, 25.11.1809

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Dragoni, IR45, p.224: 03.07.1809 (?)


 
 P3 Pachta von Reyhofen und Buckau, Johann Joseph Philipp Graf
 
Personal Information
Born: 1723
Died: Prague (Praha) / Bohemia, 17.03.1822

Promotions
Major: 01.11.1751
Oberstleutnant: 30.03.1757
Oberst: 03.05.1758
Generalmajor: 25.03.1762 (w.r.f. 06.05.1759)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

I.R. Chamberlain

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

Dedekind, DR11, pp.156, 182, 664, 757 | MilSchem | ÖBL 7, p.284 | Wurzbach 21, p.169f.

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 P4 Paini, Julius (von)
 
Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: Milan (Milano) / Lombardy, 04.10.1849

Name Variants
(Italian) Giulio Paini

Promotions

Italy:
General of Brigade:
Into Austrian service: 1814
Generalmajor: 02.07.1814
Retired: 22.05.1816

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)



Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

France:
Order of the Légion d'Honneur – KC
Italy (France):
Order of the Iron Crown 3rd cl.

Printed Sources

MilSchem | WZ, 07.08.1814

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 P5 Palásty de Palást et Keszihócz, Franz Stephan Graf
 
Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: 07.11.1796

Name Variants
also: Pallasty de Pallast

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 19.01.1771 (w.r.f. 14.02.1759)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

MilSchem

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 P6 Palásty de Palást et Keszihócz, Michael Graf
 
Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: ?

Name Variants
also: Pallasty de Pallast

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 24.04.1784 (w.r.f. 22.04.1784)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

MilSchem

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 P7 Pálffy ab Erdöd, Leopold (IV.) Graf

Personal Information

Born: Preßburg (Pozsony, Bratislava) / Hungary, 24.06.1764
Died: Preßburg (Pozsony, Bratislava) / Hungary, 24.02.1825

Family Status

Married: 1802 Charlotte Freiin Jöchlinger von Jochenstein (1778-1851)

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 02.10.1799
Feldmarschalleutnant (title): 10.10.1806
Quit: 10.10.1806

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

I.R. Privy Councillor
I.R. Chamberlain

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

MD 4, p.89 | MilSchem | Nekrolog 1825/2, p.1619 | (Wurzbach 21, p.204: genealogical table)

Internet Sources

Marek (http://genealogy.euweb.cz/hung/palffy3.html)
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 P8 Pálffy ab Erdöd, Nikolaus Joseph Franz de Paula Graf

Personal Information

Born: 03.12.1765
Died: KIA Romano in the Aosta Valley / Piedmont, 26.05.1800

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst: 1794
Generalmajor: 21.09.1796 (w.r.f. 20.10.1796)

Chivalric Order

Knight of the Order of Malta

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Allmayer-Beck, p.76 | MD 4, p.89 | MilSchem | Victorin, DR7, pp.210, 403 | Wurzbach 21, p.215

Internet Sources

Marek (http://genealogy.euweb.cz/hung/palffy2.html)
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 P9 Palombini, Joseph Friedrich
Palombini, Joseph Friedrich Freiherr von
 
Personal Information
Born: Rome (Roma) / Papal State, 03.12.1774
Died: Grochwitz / Saxony, 25.04.1850

Name Variants
(Italian) Giuseppe Palombini

Family Status

Married: 1806 Josefine Antonie Caroline von Dabrowski (1788-1855)

Promotions

Italy:
General of Brigade: 1801
General of Division: 1811
Into Austrian service: 1814
Feldmarschalleutnant: 02.07.1814
Retired: 08.10.1824

Elevation of Social Status

France:
Baron (by elevation of his father): 1804/-/1814

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Order of the Iron Crown 2nd cl.: 12.02.1816
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°36: 1817 – 25.04.1850

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

France:
Order of the Légion d'Honneur – OC
Italy (France):
Order of the Iron Crown – CC
Prussia:
Order of the Red Eagle 1st cl.: 1846/47

Printed Sources

Lombroso, p.321ff. | MD 8, p.94 (wrong: d. 05.04.1850) | MilSchem | Soldatenfreund, year 1850, N°53 (from 02.05.1850), p.239 and N°72 (from 15.06.1850), p.324 | Wurzbach 21, p.250ff. (wrong: d. 05.04.1850) | WZ, 07.08.1814, 20.02.1816

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 P10 Paolucci delle Roncole, Amilkar Marchese
 
Personal Information
Born: Modena, 1773
Died: Padua / Venetia, 17.03.1845

Name Variants
also: Paulucci

Family Status

Married: Maria Maddalena Nicolina Contessa Malacrida

Promotions

Italy:
General of Brigade: 10.12.1813
Into Austrian service: 02.07.1814
Generalmajor: 02.07.1814 à Konter-Admiral: 24.07.1829
Vize-Admiral: 11.01.1830
Retired: 21.08.1844

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Commander of the Austrian Navy: 10.02.1824 – 21.08.18441

Elevation of Social Status

Approval of the Italian title "Marchese": 12.03.1838

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Order of Leopold – CC: 01.06.1827
Order of the Iron Crown 3rd cl.: 24.04.1819
I.R. Privy Councillor: 20.06.1834
I.R. Chamberlain: 31.01.1815 (swearing-in: 04.02.1815)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Italy (France):
Order of the Iron Crown – KC: 01.05.1806
Naples-Sicily:
Order of St. Ferdinand and of Merit – KC: 31.10.1822
Military Order of St. George and of the Reunion – GC: 1821
Order of Francis I. – CC: 05.04.1840
Papal State:
Order of Christ: 01.06.1827
Order of St. Gregor – GC: 31.03.1839
Portugal:
Order of Christ – KC: 17.08.1829 (date of confirmant: 19.12.1826)

Printed Sources

MilSchem | Schmidt-Brentano, Admirale, p.12ff. | WZ, 07.08.1814

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Date of the handing over of command: 21.08.1844


 
 P11 Papp, Joseph von
 
Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: 09.07.1816

Promotions

Major: 1800
Oberstleutnant: 1809
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 28.05.1813
Retired: 07.10.1815

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

MilSchem | WZ 02.12.1809, 01.07.1813

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 P12 Papp, Ludwig von
Papp de Veszprim, Ludwig Freiherr

Personal Information

Born: Prague (Praha) / Bohemia, 1751
Died: Arad / Hungary, 04.02.1814

Promotions

Major: 04.1799
Oberstleutnant: 1800
Oberst: 1806
Generalmajor: 17.06.1809
Retired: 1809

Elevation of Social Status

Freiherr: 12.10.1813 (with predicate: "de Veszprim")

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 18.08.1801

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Blažekovič, IR31, I, pp.226, 242, 263 / II, p.370 (wrong: b. 1750) | Frank 4, p.33 | Frank-Döfering, 3165 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.678f. | MilSchem | Wurzbach 21, p.280 | WZ, 25.11.1809, 29.06.1814

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 P13 Paulich, Franz Xaver
Paulich, Franz Xaver von

Personal Information

Born: around 1727
Died: Vienna, 09.10.1800

Promotions

Major: 1762
Oberstleutnant: 1773
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 09.09.1786 (w.r.f. 06.09.1786)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 27.02.1793

Elevation of Social Status

plain nobility: 29.09.1790

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Decoration of the Elisabeth Theresian Military Foundation: 1782

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Auer, N°206 | Frank 4, p.40 | Megerle, p.304 | MilSchem

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 P14 Paumgartten, Maximilian Sigmund Joseph von
Paumgartten, Maximilian Sigmund Joseph Freiherr von
 
Personal Information
Born: Grieshof near Gnas / Styria, 26.10.1767
Died: Vienna, 01.01.1827

Name Variants
also: Baumgarten

Family Status

Married: 1817 Josephine Caroline von Hierling

Promotions

Major: 25.09.17991
Oberstleutnant: 11.11.1805
Oberst: 31.08.1808
Generalmajor: 30.03.18132
Feldmarschalleutnant: 08.10.1824

Elevation of Social Status

Freiherr: 09.09.1822

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Tyrolian Grand Medal for Bravery3: 1799

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

Amon, HR10, p.266f., 268, 273 | Dedekind, DR11, pp.328, 670 | Frank 4, p.42 | Frank-Döfering, 3234 | Leitner 2, p.149f. | MD 4, p.99 | MilSchem | ÖMZ, year 1829, vol.3, p.52ff.: Philipp von Weikersreuter: Nekrolog des k.k. Feldmarschalllieutenants Maximilian Sigmund Joseph Freiherrn von Paumgartten (wrong: GM in 04.1813) | Riedl, UR3, p.298 | Svoboda 1, col.153f. (wrong: Oberst in 1809) | Wurzbach 21, p.377f. | WZ, 08.06.1813

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Amon, HR10, p.273: 25.10.1799 (?)
2) Amon, HR10, p.273: 15.04.1813 (?)
3) ÖMZ, p.61: "Die Tiroler Stände, und der Landesgouverneur ... beehrten ihn mit der großen und kleinen Landesmedaille ..." (?)


 
 P15 Pausch, Karl
Pausch von Lhotta, Karl Ritter
Pausch von Werthland, Karl Ritter
 
Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: Verona / Venetia, 27.03.1845

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 27.02.1814
Feldmarschalleutnant: 01.04.1830
Feldzeugmeister (title a.h.): 30.10.1844

Elevation of Social Status

Ritter: 09.10.1815 (with predicate: "von Lhotta")
Change of predicate to "von Werthland": 04.12.1829

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

2nd Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°16: ? – 27.03.1845

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Papal State:
Order of Christ: 1839
Parma:
Constantinian Order of St. George – CC: 1838
Russia:
Order of St. Vladimir 3rd cl.: 1813

Printed Sources

Frank 6701 | Frank 4, p.43 | Frank-Döfering, 3236 | MilSchem | WZ, 20.02.1814, 29.06.1814 | Zivkovic, Generalität, p.42

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 P16 Péchy de Péch-Ujfalu, Michael
 
Personal Information
Born: Hatvan (n.l.) / Com. Somogy or Com. Heves / Hungary, 1755
Died: Fejerszek (n.l.) / Transylvania, 10.02.18191

Promotions

Major: 1800
Oberstleutnant: 1805
Oberst: 01./02.1809
Generalmajor: 26.07.1813
Retired: 19.05.1815

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

Blasek/Rieger 1/I, p.396 | Gatti, IngAk, p.306 | MilSchem | WZ, 11.02.1809, 31.07.1813, 14.10.1813

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Schmidt-Brentano: 12./22.02.1819 (?)


 
 P17 Peharnik von Hotkovich, Daniel
Peharnik von Hotkovich, Daniel Freiherr

Personal Information

Born: Vuksin sipak near Karlovac / Croatia, 1745
Died: Vienna, 04.09.1794

Promotions

Major: 1773
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst: 1783
Generalmajor: 13.09.1789 (w.r.f. 12.09.1789)

Elevation of Social Status

Freiherr: 12.08.1791

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 19.12.1790

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

Frank 4, p.47 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.330f. | MilSchem | Wurzbach 21, p.427

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 P18 Pejácsevich de Veröcze, Anton
Pejácsevich de Veröcze, Anton Graf
 
Personal Information
Born: Esseg (Osjek, Eszék) / Slavonia, 17501
Died: Verbetitz (n.l.) / Slavonia, 25.09.1802

Family Status

Married: Barbara Gräfin Draskovich de Trakostyán

Promotions

Major: 01.1773
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst: 04.1786
Generalmajor: 27.02.1793 (w.r.f. 27.06.1791)
Feldmarschalleutnant (a.h.): 24.06.1801 (w.r.f. 14.06.1801)
Retired: 24.06.1801

Elevation of Social Status

Graf: 07.1772

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 19.12.1790

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Hirtenfeld 1, p.306 | MilSchem | Wurzbach 21, p.434f.

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Marek (http://genealogy.euweb.cz/hung/pejacs2.html)
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Marek / Schmidt-Brentano (also): 1749 (?)


 
 P19 Pellegrini, Karl Clemens Graf von
 
Personal Information
Born: Verona / Venetia, 20.11.1720
Died: Vienna, 28.05.17961

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 15.02.1759
Feldmarschalleutnant: 17.11.1763 (27.01.1760 ? or w.r.f. 27.01.1760 ?)
Feldzeugmeister: 19.01.1771 (w.r.f. 30.10.1770)
Feldmarschall: 24.09.1788 (w.r.f. 20.09.1788)

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Vice-Director-General of Engineering and Fortifications2: 09./15.10.1770 – 25.10.1780
Supreme Director of the Academy of Engineers: 09./15.10.1770 – 28.05.1796
Director-General of Engineering and Fortifications: 25.10.1780 – 28.05.1796

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Order of the Golden Fleece: 21.11.1792
Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 04.12.1758 / CC: 15.10.1765 / GC: 12.10.1789
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°49: 1767 – 28.05.1796
I.R. Privy Councillor
I.R. Chamberlain

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

ADB 25, p.331f. | Blasek/Rieger 1, pp.43f., 75, 277f. | Gatti, IngAk, p.244f. | Hirtenfeld 1, p.252f. | MD 8, p.101 | Megerle, p.305f. (wrong: d. 08.06.1796) | MilSchem, especially year 1797, p.225ff. | Reilly, Feldherren, p.395f. | Vlies-Orden, p.186, N°840 | Wrede 1, p.459 | Wurzbach 21, p.440ff. | Zivkovic, Generalität, pp.13, 33 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, pp.13, 23, 36

Internet Sources

Boettger
Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Hirtenfeld / MD / Wurzbach / Gatti / Schmidt-Brentano: 28.11.1796 (?)
2) Also: Commander of the Corps of Engineers, Sappers and Miners


 
 P20 Penzeneter, Johann
Penzeneter von Penzenstein, Johann
Penzeneter von Penzenstein, Johann Ritter
 
Personal Information
Born: Vienna, 1731
Died: Vienna, 21.05.1796

Name Variants

also: Pentzeneter

Promotions

Major: 1760
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst: 1774
Generalmajor: 10.04.1783 (w.r.f. 07.05.1783)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 06.05.1790

Elevation of Social Status

plain nobility: 09.01.1754 (with predicate: "von Penzenstein")
Ritter1: after 1792

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – CC: 07.07.1794
Colonel-Proprietor of the Artillery Regiment N°1: 1779 – 21.05.1796

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Frank 4, p.51 | Gatti, IngAk, p.102f. | Hirtenfeld 1, p.411f. | MD 8, p.102 | MilSchem | (Wrede) 4, p.466 | Wurzbach 21, p.459

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Schmidt-Brentano: "Freiherr" (?)


 
 P21 Peterffy de Ikáts, Karl

Personal Information

Born: 17??
Died: 07.06.1812

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 21.11.1804 (w.r.f. 09.11.1803)
Retired: 1809

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

MilSchem

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 P22 Petrasch, Ernst Gottlieb von
Petrasch, Ernst Gottlieb Freiherr von
 
Personal Information
Born: Teschen (Český Těšín / Cieszyn) / Austrian Silesia, 1708
Died: Vienna, 30.06.1792

Family Status

Father of P23
Married: Elisabeth von Fritz

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 21.09.1760

Elevation of Social Status

Freiherr: 30.01.1767

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Doerr, p.251 | Frank 4, p.60 | MilSchem | Wurzbach 22, p.104f.

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 P23 Petrasch, Franz von
Petrasch, Franz Freiherr von
 
Personal Information
Born: "Perron" (n.l.), 1746
Died: Vienna, 17.01.1820

Family Status
Son of P22

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 10.1793
Feldmarschalleutnant: 17.02.1796

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Fortress Governor of Mannheim: 1796
Fortress Commandant of Ulm: 1800

Field Service (1792-1815)

Commander of the Austrian Forces at the battle of Maudach: 15.06.1796 (–)
Commander of the Austrian Forces at the battle of Kehl: 18.09.1796 (–)
Commander of the (autonomous) Corps in Vorarlberg / in the Tyrol: 09.1799 – 03.1800

Elevation of Social Status

Freiherr (by elevation of P22): 30.01.1767

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)

Franz von (Freiherr since ) Petrasch was born in 1746 in Perron. From 1785-88 he was an Oberstleutnant and commander of a grenadier battalion. In 1792, he was an Oberst, commanding Infantry Regiment "De Vins" N°37 in Flanders. He was distinguished several times in combat. In October 1793, he received his promotion to Generalmajor. Early next year, he commanded an infantry brigade, operating with the Duke of York, under Sachsen-Coburg in the Netherlands.
On 17 February 1796, Petrasch was promoted to Feldmarschalleutnant in the Army of the Upper Rhine. In this year, he was appointed commandant of Mannheim fortress. On 18 September he was in front of the fortress of Kehl and on the River Neckar and launched an assault, which was beaten off with loss. On 19 October, he commanded one of the assault columns in the victorious battle of Emmendingen under FZM Graf von Wartensleben. When Wartensleben was wounded, Petrasch took command of the column. In 1797 he was also on the upper Rhine.
In 1799 FML Petrasch commanded a division under Erzherzog Carl and fought at Stockach (25 March), on the right wing, near Liptingen. He was then under FML Hotze in the clashes of Frauenfeld (25 May), Winterthur (27 May). In the 1st battle of Zürich (4 June), he was on the left wing, at Wallisellen. When Hotze was wounded in the assault on Mount Zürich, he handed over command to Petrasch. In August 1799, Erzherzog Carl took most of the army north into Swabia. Petrasch remained in Switzerland, as second in command of Hotze's Austrian corps (11 battalions, 10 squadrons, 10,000 men), cooperating with the Russians under GL Rimskij-Korsakov.
When Hotze was killed whilst on a reconnaissance ride on 25 September in the second battle of Zürich, Petrasch took over command and withdrew to Feldkirch, losing 5,000 men, 25 guns and 4 colours. In 1800, he was appointed commandant of Ulm fortress. He died on 17 January 1820 in Vienna.

Printed Sources

Bodart, pp.308, 314 | Frank 4, p.60 | MilSchem | (Wurzbach 22, p.105) | Zivkovic, Heerführer, p.129

Internet Sources

Ebert (http://www.napoleon-online.de/AU_Generale/html/petrasch.html) (wrong: GM in 1794)
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 P24 Petrich de Hanusfalva, Andreas
 
Personal Information
Born: 25.11.1765
Died: Ofen (Buda) / Hungary, 02.10.1842

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 18.11.18091
Feldmarschalleutnant: 03.07.1824
Retired: 27.02.1830

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

Kisfaludy, p.251 | MilSchem

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Kisfaludy: Announcement of the promotion with order of the day by Archduke-Palatin Joseph from 03.12.1809


 
 P25 Pettenegg, Achatius von
 
Personal Information
Born: around 1737
Died: Ungarisch Hradisch (Uherské Hradiště) / Moravia, 17.06.18001

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 28.01.1791
Retired: 28.01.1791

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

MilSchem

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) MilSchem, year 1801, p.279: 09.1800 (?)


 
 P26 Peusquens, Hubert von

Personal Information

Born: 1759
Died: Vienna, 25.05.1831

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 24.05.1809
Feldmarschalleutnant: 04.09.1813

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Order of St. Stephen – KC: 1824
I.R. Privy Councillor: 1827

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

MilSchem | WZ, 28.09.1813

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
Szentváry-Lukács


 
 P27 Peyri, Alois Graf
 
Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: Mantua / Lombardy, 20.12.1824

Name Variants

(Italian) Luigi Conte di Peyri

Promotions

Italy:
General of Brigade:
General of Division:
Into Austrian service: 01.04.1815
Feldmarschalleutnant: 01.04.1815
Retired: 1815

Elevation of Social Status

Approval of the Italian nobility and titel of count: 13.02.1817

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)



Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

France:
Order of the Légion d'Honneur – KC
Italy (France):
Order of the Iron Crown – CC

Printed Sources

Frank-Döfering, 3319 | MilSchem | WZ, 15.04.1815

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 P28 Pfanzelter, Joseph von
 
Personal Information
Born: Mecheln (Mechelen) / Austrian Netherlands, 14.02.1754
Died: Peterwardein (Petrovaradin, Pétervarád) / Slavonia, 20.10.1817

Promotions
Major: 1795
Oberstleutnant: 1797
Oberst: (20.02.?)1800
Generalmajor: 18061 (w.r.f. 18.04.1805)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 13.12.1811

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Commanding General ad interim in the Warasdin Military Border: 1812 – 07.1813
Adlatus of the Commanding General in the Warasdin Military Border: 07.1813 – 06.1814
Fortress Commandant of Peterwardein: 1816 – 20.10.1817

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

2nd Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°26: 1815 – 20.10.1817

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Sardinia-Piedmont:
Order of St. Maurice and St. Lazarus – GC

Printed Sources

Janota, IR56, pp.144, 159 | Leitner 2, p.97 | MilSchem | Svoboda 1, col.89 | Wrede 1, p.300 | Wurzbach 22, p.164f. | Zivkovic, Heerführer, p.65

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Janota, IR56, p.159: 1805 (?)

 

 
 P29 Pfefferkorn von Ottenbach, Karl Johann Nepomuk Freiherr
 
Personal Information
Born: around 1725
Died: Ödenburg (Sopron) / Hungary, 28.02.18101

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 10.04.1783 (w.r.f. 17.04.1783)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 16.01.1790 (w.r.f. 06.02.1790)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

MilSchem

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Schmidt-Brentano: 28.02.1809 (?)


 
 P30 Pflacher, Franz Freiherr von
 
Personal Information
Born: Passau / Passau (prince-bishopric), 12.10.1745
Died: Prague (Praha) / Bohemia, 05.11.1815

Promotions

Major: 18.11.1797
Oberstleutnant: 04.08.1800
Oberst: 01.12.18001
Generalmajor: 23.06.1808 (w.r.f. 17.08.1805)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 27.04.1813
Retired: 1814

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

City and Fortress Commandant of Prague: 1813/14 (– 05.11.1815 ?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Blažekovič, IR31, I, p.248 | Leitner 2, p.80f. | MilSchem | Svoboda 1, col.49 | WZ, 09.07.1808, 11.05.1813, 08.06.1813

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) 1801 (?)


 
 P31 Pflüger, Philipp
Pflüger von Lindenfels, Philipp
Pflüger von Lindenfels, Philipp Freiherr
 
Personal Information
Born: Trautenau (Trutnov) / Bohemia, 23.10.1761
Died: Graz / Styria, 25.06.1837

Promotions
Major: 1801
Oberstleutnant: 06./07.1808
Oberst: 1809
Generalmajor: 08.10.18131
Feldmarschalleutnant: 09.03.1828
Retired: 17.04.1832

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Military Commander in Carinthia (Klagenfurt): 1815 – 01.1820
Fortress Commandant of Komorn: 1830 – 17.04.1832

Elevation of Social Status

plain nobility (by elevation of a family member): 1772 (with predicate: "von Lindenfels")
Freiherr: 10.02.1825

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 18.02.1814
Order of Leopold – CC: 07.09.1815
2nd Colonel-Proprietor of the Tyrolean Jäger Regiment: 12.11.1824 – 25.06.1837

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

Frank, N°6878 (w/o predicate of nobility) | Hirtenfeld 2, p.1275ff. | Hödl, IR29, pp.271, 640 | Leitner 2, p.109ff. | MD 8, p.109 | MilSchem | Svoboda 1, col.89f. | Wrede 1, p.647 | Wurzbach 22, p.200ff. | WZ, 03.08.1808, 02.12.1809, 17.10.1815 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, p.76

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Hödl, IR29, p.271: 03.10.1813 (?) / Svoboda: 04.10.1813 (?)


 
 P32 Philippi, Karl
Philippi von Weydenfeld, Karl
Philippi von Weydenfeld, Karl Freiherr

Personal Information

Born: Esseg (Osjek, Eszék) / Slavonia, 1741
Died: Ofen (Buda) / Hungary, 21.05.1811

Name Variants

also: Weidenfeld

Promotions

Major: 1785
Oberstleutnant: 27.03.1794
Oberst: 02.04.1796
Generalmajor: 02.10.1799 (w.r.f. 22.11.1799)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 04.1807

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Fortress Commandant of Ofen (= Buda): 02./03.1810 – 21.05.1811

Elevation of Social Status

plain nobility (by elevation of his father): 29.09.1759 (mit Prädikat: "von Weydenfeld")
Freiherr: 03.10.1798

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 07.09.1796
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°37: 1808 – 21.05.1811

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Buschek, IR23, I, pp.574, 621 | Frank 4, p.68 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.502f. | MilSchem | Wrede 1, p.384 | Wurzbach 53, p.253f. | WZ, 20.02.1808

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 P33 Piacseck, Christoph Karl von
Piacseck, Christoph Karl Ritter von

Personal Information

Born: Klobusics (Klobusic, Klobušice) / Com. Trencsén / Hungary, 1749
Died: WIA Andelfingen (= Frauenfeld), 25.05.1799 à Schaffhausen, 12.06.1799

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst: 1793
Generalmajor: 17.03.1797 (w.r.f. 12.05.1797)

Elevation of Social Status

Ritter: 1789

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 21.12.1789

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Allmayer-Beck, p.75 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.264f. | MilSchem | Wurzbach 22, p.216f.

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 P34 Piccard von Grünthal, Johann Ritter

Personal Information

Born: Bučovice / Moravia, 30.06.1769
Died: Ödenburg (Sopron) / Hungary, 05.06.1855

Name Variants

also: Picard, Pickard

Promotions

Major: 25.12.18001
Oberstleutnant: 27.03.1805
Oberst: 16.02.1806
Generalmajor: 22.07.1809
Retired: 01.12.1809
Reactivated: 05.11.1810
Feldmarschalleutnant: 28.03.1821
Retired: 13.06.1848

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Fortress Commandant of Peterwardein: 07.05.1838 – 13.06.1848

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

2nd Colonel-Proprietor of the Dragoon Regiment N°1: 28.10.1827 – 05.06.1855

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Bavaria:
Civil Order of Merit of the Bavarian Crown – CC: 1813/14
Russia:
Order of St. Anne 1st cl.: 1813/14

Printed Sources

Amon, DR9, pp.280, 324f. | Leitner 2, p.151 | MilSchem | Nakowitsch, Siegfried: FML Franz Freiherr von Koller (1767-1826). Sein Leben als österreichischer General und Diplomat, Ph.D. thesis, Vienna 1968, p.36 | Pizzighelli, DR10, p.237 (wrong: Mjr in 1801) | Svoboda 1, col.154 (wrong: retired in 1847) | Tomaschek, DR8, p.283 | Victorin, DR7, pp.257, 403 | Wrede 3, p.183 | WZ, 25.11.1809

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Amon, DR9, p.324: 01.12.1800 (?)


 
 P35 Pietsch, Johann
Pietsch von Wollishofen, Johann

Personal Information

Born: Schillersdorf (Šilheřovice) / Silesia, 28.04.1740
Died: Vienna, 23.04.18391

Family Status

Married (1): 1766 [N.N.] (17??-1782)
Married (2): ~ 1790 [N.N.]

Promotions

Major: 22.03.1789
Oberstleutnant: 13.11.1795
Oberst: 18.04.1797
Generalmajor: 26.09.1799 (w.r.f. 21.09.1799)
Retired: 1809

Elevation of Social Status

plain nobility: 21.05.1805 (with predicate: "von Wollishofen")

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Decoration of the Elisabeth Theresian Military Foundation: 1807

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

Auer, N°219 | Frank-Döfering, 3347 | MD 8, p.112 | MilSchem | ÖMZ, year 1841, vol.1, p.203ff.: Wilhelm Gebler: Nekrolog des kaiserl königl. Generalmajors Johann Pietsch von Wollishofen | Wurzbach 22, p.276

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) MD / ÖMZ / Wurzbach: 22.04.1839 (?)


 
 P36 Pilati von Tassulo, Franz Freiherr
 
Personal Information
Born: "Bausin" (n.l.) / Moravia, 14.11.1746
Died: Fünfkirchen (Pécs) / Hungary, 31.08.1805

Name Variants

also: Thassul, Tassul

Promotions

Major: 29.12.1792
Oberstleutnant: 01.03.1793
Oberst: 19.10.1796
Generalmajor: 06.03.1800 (w.r.f. 23.02.1800)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Leitner 2, p.83f. (wrong datas) | MilSchem | Svoboda 1, col.59f. (wrong: GM on 24.05.1800) | Wurzbach 22, p.289

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 P37 Pino, Dominik
Pino, Dominik Graf
 
Personal Information
Born: Milan (Milano) / Lombardy, 08.09.1760
Died: Cernobbio / Lombardy, 29.03.1826

Name Variants

(Italian) Domenico Conte di Pino

Promotions

Italy:
General of Brigade: 16.12.1798
General of Division: 1800
Into Austrian service: 02.07.1814
Feldmarschalleutnant: 02.07.1814
Retired: 1814

Elevation of Social Status

Italy (France):
Conte: 12.04.1809
France:
Comte: 09.03.1810
Austria:
Approval of the French (Italian) title of count: 22.02.1816

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)



Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

France:
Order of the Légion d'Honneur – GOC (GC?): 20.01.1810
Italy (France):
Order of the Iron Crown 1st cl.: 20.02.1806

Printed Sources

Frank 4, p.76 | Frank-Döfering, 3362 | Lombroso, p.125ff. (wrong: b. 01.10.1767) | Luraghi, p.222 | MilSchem | Schmidt-Brentano, Admirale, p.15 | WZ, 07.08.1814

Internet Sources

Pigni, Emanuele: Domenico Pino (http://www.cronologia.it/storia/a1802b.htm).- Download: 24.05.2007
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale (wrong: b. 01.10.1767)


 
 P38 Piret de Bihain, Ludwig Freiherr
 
Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: Sankt Pölten / Lower Austria, 22.03.1835

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor (title): 26.07.1813
Retired: 26.07.1813

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

I.R. Chamberlain

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

MilSchem | WZ, 31.07.1813, 14.10.1813

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 P39 Pittoni von Dannenfeld, Philipp Freiherr
 
Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: Görz (Gorizia) / Coastal Land, 06.10.1824

Name Variants

also: Dannenfeldt

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 01.05.1795 (w.r.f. 21.03.1794)
Retired: 28.02.1797

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)

On 1 May 1795 Pittoni von Dannenfeld was promoted to Generalmajor and served in Italy, initially as brigade commander in Mercy d'Argentau's division. He fought at Voltri on 10 April and at Montenotti on the next two days. After the disaster of Mondovi, Piedmont was evacuated by the Austrians and on 2 May they fell back over the Po at Valenza. When the Mincio line was broken at Borghetto on 30 May, he withdrew up into the Tyrol.
Pittoni took part in Alvinczy's third attempt to relieve Mantua as part of the Corps of the Friaul, and fought at the victory at Bassano over the French under Napoleon on 6 Nov. He also fought at Caldiero on 12 November as part of Alvinczy's victorious corps and at Arcole on 15-17 November. He died on 6 October 1824 in Gorizia.

Printed Sources

MilSchem

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 P40 Piza, Peter Franz von
Piza, Peter Franz Freiherr von
 
Personal Information
Born: Antwerp / Austrian Netherlands, 13.02.1727 (baptism)
Died: Esseg (Osjek, Eszék) / Slavonia, 18.10.1792

Name Variants
also: Pizza

Promotions

Major: 1758
Oberstleutnant: 1768
Oberst: 1773
Generalmajor: 10.04.1783 (w.r.f. 18.03.1783)

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Fortress Commandant of Esseg: 1783 – 18.10.1792

Elevation of Social Status

Freiherr: 14.01.1764

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 21.11.1763

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

Frank 4, p.81 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.193f. | MD 8, p.115 | MilSchem | Schmedes, IR28, pp.50f. (wrong: b. 1726), 53, 74, 78 (wrong: GM in 1787), 293, 296 | Wurzbach 22, p.381f.

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 P41 Plank, Georg von
 
Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: Prague (Praha) / Bohemia, 07.09.1808

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 19.01.1796 (w.r.f. 23.12.1791)
Feldmarschalleutnant (a.h.): 19.05.1806
Retired: 19.05.1806

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Fortress Commandant of Eger: 1796 – 19.05.1806

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

MilSchem | WZ, 05.10.1808

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 P42 Podstatzky, Franz Joseph Graf von
 
Personal Information
Born: around 1722
Died: Vienna, 27.09.17931

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 05.03.1774 (w.r.f. 09.10.1759)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Decoration of the Elisabeth Theresian Military Foundation: 1792

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Auer, N°227 | MilSchem

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Schmidt-Brentano: 28.09.1793 (?)


 
 P43 Pöck, Franz Freiherr von
 
Personal Information
Born: 16.09.1735
Died: Brünn (Brno) / Moravia, 16.09.1809

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 10.11.1788 (w.r.f. 06.11.1788)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

MilSchem (wrong: d. 26.09.1809) | WZ, 15.08.1810 (wrong: "Beck")

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 P44 Poirot de Blainville, Christoph Ritter
 
Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: Ödenburg (Sopron) / Hungary, 09.05.1815

Name Variants
(French) Christophe Chevalier Poirot de Blainville
also: Plainville

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst: 1773
Generalmajor: 11.04.1781 (w.r.f. 04.04.1781)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Petiot, p.420f. | MilSchem

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 P45 Polfranceschi, Peter Graf von
 
Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: Verona / Venetia, 24.02.18451

Name Variants

(Italian) Pietro Conte di Polfranceschi

Promotions

Italy:
General of Brigade:
Into Austrian service: 1815
Generalmajor: 1815
Retired: 1815

Elevation of Social Status

Approval of the Italian title of count: 27.11.1816

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)



Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Italy (France):
Order of the Iron Crown 3rd cl.


Printed Sources

Frank-Döfering, 3419 | MilSchem

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Schmidt-Brentano: 05.11.1837 (?)


 
 P46 Poppini, Johann von
 
Personal Information
Born: Pest / Hungary, 1731
Died: 09.01.18001

Promotions

Major: 19.07.1786
Oberstleutnant: 26.10.1786
Oberst: 18.02.1788
Generalmajor: 29.09.1793 (w.r.f. 27.09.1791)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Blažekovič, IR31, I, pp.116f., 162 / II, 378f. | MilSchem

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Blažekovič, IR31, II, p.379: 06.01.1800 (?)
 

 
 P47 Posarelli zu Ebenfeld, Weikhard Joseph Karl
Posarelli zu Ebenfeld, Weikhard Joseph Karl Freiherr von
 
Personal Information
Born: Laibach (Ljubljana) / Carniola, 01.02.1745
Died: Karlstadt (Karlovac) / Croatia, 23.04.1805

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 21.02.1789 (w.r.f. 15.02.1789)

Elevation of Social Status

Freiherr: 01.05.1781

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Frank 4, p.100 | Leitner 2, p.77 | MilSchem | Svoboda 1, col.41 ("Anton Frhr v. Bosarell" ?)

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 P48 Posztrehowsky, Franz
Posztrehowsky von Millenburg, Franz
 
Personal Information
Born: Reichenau (n.l.) / Bohemia, 1747
Died: Vienna, 15.03.1818

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst: 06.11.1796
Generalmajor: 07.05.1800 (w.r.f. 30.05.1800)
Retired: 1809

Elevation of Social Status

plain nobility: 26.08.1794 (with predicate: "von Millenburg")

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 18.08.1801

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

Hirtenfeld 1, p.618f. | MilSchem | Wurzbach 23, p.143f.

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 P49 Preiss, Johann Franz Joseph Peter Freiherr von
 
Personal Information
Born: Landau, 1704
Died: Eisenstadt (Kismárton) / Hungary, 17.01.1797

Name Variants
also: Preiß

Promotions

Major: 1747
Oberstleutnant: 1756
Oberst: 1758
Generalmajor: 17.02.1760
Feldmarschalleutnant: 24.09.1764
Feldzeugmeister: 01.05.1773 (w.r.f. 03.11.1770)

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Commanding General in the Karlstadt Warasdin Military Border: 1768-1771
Commanding General in Transylvania: 1771-1785

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 22.12.1761
Decoration of the Elisabeth Theresian Military Foundation: 1785
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°24: 1771 – 17.01.1797

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Auer, N°230 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.120 | MD 8, p.125 | MilSchem, esp. year 1797, p.241ff. | Wrede 1, p.282 | Wurzbach 23, p.256f. | Zivkovic, Generalität, p.34

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 P50 Preschern von Heldenfeld, Karl Freiherr
 
Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: 05.10.1812

Name Variants

also: Breschern / also: Heldenfeldt

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 01.03.1797 (w.r.f. 21.02.1797)
Retired: 1797

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Decoration of the Elisabeth Theresian Military Foundation: 1797

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Auer, N°231 | MilSchem | WZ, 26.11.1812

Internet Sources

Schmidt Brentano


 
 P51 Prochaska, Johann Nepomuk Edler von
Prochaska, Johann Nepomuk Freiherr von
 
Personal Information
Born: Vienna, 03.07.1760
Died: Vienna, 24.04.1823

Name Variants

also: Prohaska

Family Status

Married: Eleonore Freiin von Schmid-Dondorf (17??-1835)

Promotions

Major: 30.06.1793
Oberstleutnant: 29.02.1796
Oberst: 31.08.1799
Generalmajor: 01.09.1805 (w.r.f. 18.01.1804)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 27.05.1809

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Chief of the Quartermaster General Staff: 02.1809 – 07.05.18091
Chief of the Quartermaster General Staff: 15.08.18162 – 24.04.1823

Field Service (1792-1815)

Chief of the Quartermaster General Staff of the Army of the Upper Rhine: 06.-08.1796
Chief of the Quartermaster General Staff of the Army of the Tyrol: 01.-05.1799
Chief of the Quartermaster General Staff of the Army of Germany (main army): 02.-05.1809
General Intendant of the Austrian Army (in Germany ?): 02.12.1813 – 1814 / 04.-10.1815

Elevation of Social Status

Freiherr: 09.11.1820

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 11.05.1796
Order of Leopold – CC: 01.06.1814
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°38: 01.1815 – 24.04.1823
I.R. Privy Councillor: 26.11.1819

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Baden:
Order of the Lion of Zähringen – GC: 1815
Bavaria:
Civil Order of Merit of the Bavarian Crown – GC: 06.1814
Prussia:
Order of the Red Eagle 2nd cl.: 04.1814
Russia:
Order of St. Anne 1st cl.: 12.1813
Württemberg:
Order of Military Merit – CC: 1800/01

Printed Sources

Angeli, Carl 4, p.245 | Frank 4, p.113 | Frank-Döfering, 3511 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.475ff. | MilSchem | ÖMZ, year 1824, vol.1, p.234ff.: Nekrolog des k.k. Feldmarschall-Lieutenants und Hofkriegsrathes Johann Freiherrn von Prochaska (= Ritter, p.507ff.) | Regele, p.31 | Ritter, p.507 (= ÖMZ, year 1824, vol.1, p.234ff.) | Wurzbach 23, p.336ff. | Wrede 1, p.391 | Wrede (6), p.41 | WZ, 25.11.1809, 20.02.1814, 27.06.1814, 02.09.1816 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, pp.109, 110

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Regele: 01.03.-26.04.1809 (?)
2) ÖMZ: 16.08.1816 (?)


 
 P52 Prochaska, Joseph Edler von
 
Personal Information
Born: Vienna, 17581
Died: Vienna, 29.09.1835

Name Variants
also: Prohaska

Promotions

Major: 02.1790
Oberstleutnant: 1799
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 26.07.1805 (w.r.f. 10.01.1804)
Retired: 01.1810

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 18.08.1801

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

Hirtenfeld 1, p.603ff. | MilSchem | Victorin, DR7, p.435f. (printing error: d. 1755) | Wurzbach 23, p.339f.

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Victorin, DR7, p.435: 1759 (?)


 
 P53 Prouvy, Lambert Joseph Chevalier de
 
Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: Evrehailles / Belgium, 25.11.1828

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 12.10.1804 (w.r.f. 07.11.1803)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

MilSchem

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 P54 Provera, Johann Marchese
 
Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: Venice / Venetia, 05.07.1804

Name Variants
(Italian) Giovanni Marchese di Provera

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 18.06.1789 (w.r.f. 23.04.1789)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 04.03.1796 (w.r.f. 26.02.1794)
Retired: 29.04.1797

Field Service (1792-1815)

Commander of the Austrian Forces at the combat of Millesimo: 13./14.04.1796 (–)

Chivalric Order

Knight of the Order of Malta

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)

During the campaigns of 1794 and 1795 GM Marchese di Provera served in Italy. On 4 March 1796, he was promoted to Feldmarschalleutnant. He fought at Cossiera (Millesimo) on 13/14 April, where he was beaten by Napoleon and captured together with the rest of his troops. He was later exchanged.
Provera took part in Alvinczy's third attempt to relieve Mantua as part of the Corps of the Friaul. On 28 October, he joined Quosdanovich at Pinzano on the Tagliamento, and fought at the victory at Bassano over the French under Napoleon on 6 November. He also fought at Caldiero on 12 November as part of Alvinczy's victorious corps and at the defeat at Arcole on 15-17 November. In this last action he was with Alvinczy's main body (with 6 battalions) between Caldiero and Porcil. On 16 November, he was roughly handled by Massena's division and lost 7-800 prisoners and 6 guns.
His division was detailed to relieve Mantua in January 1797 and it did not fight at Rivoli on 14 and 15 of that month. On 8 and 9 January, Provera had clashed with Marshal Augereau's Avantgarde at Bevilacqua. From 9-12 January he stayed at Legnano for unknown reasons. This delay was critical as it allowed the French to establish the small size (8,500 men) of his force. He also missed the chance to spoil their victory at Rivoli on 14 January. On the night of 13/14 January, Provera bridged the Etsch one hour's march above Legnano at Anghiari, and crossed before GdD Jean-Joseph Guieu, with 1,200-1,500 men from Augereau's left wing, could come up. Pushing Guieu away, Provera left 1,500 men and 14 guns to cover the bridge, and marched for Mantua via Cerea, Sanguinetto and Nogara, where he spent the night. On 14 January, Augereau and Lannes (but without Guieu, who had fallen back north, up the river, to Ronco) with 7,000 men, took up the chase.
At Anghiari they came on the bridge guard, who decided to follow Provera. But they were soon blocked in and surrendered.
Provera reached St Giorgio on 15 January but was refused entrance by GdB Miollis. Provera then went to La Favorita.
Napoleon had left Rivoli on 14 January, on hearing of Provera's raid and gathered Massena's division, Victor's brigade and GdB Charles-Françios-Joseph Dugua's cavalry at Roverbello. He ordered Augereau to chase after Provera, a task he failed in. If Wurmser had been ready to make his sortie in sufficient strength this day, Serrurier's division must have been defeated.
Early on 16 January, much to the Austrian commanders' surprise, Napoleon appeared at La Favorita in battle array. Wurmser was separated from Provera by the French army. Wurmser attacked at 6 am; after initial success, he was forced back into Mantua. Provera's actions are unclear. During the battle, Augereau's troops arrived; Provera found himself outnumbered 3 or 4 to 1 and surrendered with 6,700 men as he could not cut his way through to the fortress. The fourth attempt to relieve Mantua had failed. The fortress fell on 2 February 1797; the French then invaded the Papal state against the feeblest resistance and the campaign ended with the signature of the peace of Tolentino on 20 February. Provera retired on 29 April 1797 and died on 5 July 1804 in Venice.

Printed Sources

Bodart, p.307 | MilSchem | Wurzbach 24, p.22f. (datas partly incorrect)

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 P55 Prugglach, Karl Ludwig Freiherr von
 
Personal Information
Born: Kosel (n.l.) / presumable Silesia (today: district of Niesky), 1730
Died: Preßburg (Pozsony, Bratislava) / Hungary, 12.08.1803

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst: 1776
Generalmajor: 06.11.1785 (w.r.f. 05.11.1785)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 27.02.1793 (w.r.f. 12.02.1793)
Retired: 04.1801

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Military Commander in Upper Austria (Linz): 08.1796 – 04.1801

Field Service (1792-1815)

Commander of the (autonomous) Auxiliar Corps at the Lower Rhine: 02.-03.1795

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 19.12.1790

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Hirtenfeld 1, p.327f. | MD 8, p.128 | MilSchem | Wurzbach 24, p.25f. | Zivkovic, Heerführer, pp.73, 128

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 P56 Puchner, Gabriel von
 
Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: 12.12.1816

Name Variants

also: Buchner

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 31.05.1797 (w.r.f. 25.06.1797)
Retired: 1799

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

MilSchem

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 P57 Pückler, Franz Ludwig Graf von
 
Personal Information
Born: 22.03.1748
Died: (Karlsburg [Alba-Iulia, Gyulafehérvár] / Transylvania ?), 23.07.1810

Name Variants

also: Pickler

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor (a.h.): 07.11.1796
Retired: 1799
Reactivated: 1804/05 ?

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Fortress Commandant of Karlsburg: 1804/05 – 23.07.1810

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

MilSchem

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 P58 Püschel, Christian von
 
Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: (Alt Gradisca [Gradiška stara] / Slavonia ?), 23.11.1810

Name Variants
also: Püschell, Pischel

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 25.05.1803 (w.r.f. 13.12.1802)

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Fortress Commandant of Alt-Gradisca: 1802/03 – 23.11.1810

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

MilSchem

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 P59 Pulszky de Csélfalva, Ferdinand Daniel Freiherr
 
Personal Information
Born: Eperjes (Prešov) / Com. Saros / Hungary, 1759
Died: Hermannstadt (Sibiu, Nagyszeben) / Transylvania, 05.09.1817

Promotions
Major: 1797
Oberstleutnant: 1801
Oberst: 01./02.1809
Generalmajor: 26.07.1813

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 11.05.1796

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

Blasek/Rieger 1/I, p.396 | Gatti, IngAk, p.306f. | Hirtenfeld 1, p.472f. | MilSchem | WZ, 11.02.1809, 31.07.1813, 14.10.1813

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 P60 Putnik, Abraham
 
Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: Arad / Hungary, 05.03.1795

Name Variants

also: Putnick

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 10.1793

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Milleker, p.94 | MilSchem | Wrede 5, p.299

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

 


Placed on the Napoleon Series: July 2008

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