Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics



 By Leopold Kudrna, with Biographical Essays by Digby Smith.




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Austrian Generals
1792-1815


Q
 
Quallenberg  to  Quosdanovich





 Q1 Quallenberg, Karl von
 
Personal Information
Born: 1766
Died: Ödenburg (Sopron) / Hungary, 01.01.1836

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 26.07.1813
Feldmarschalleutnant (title a.h.): 27.10.1835
Retired: 27.10.1835

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Fortress Commandant of Peschiera: 1826 – 27.10.1835

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Parma:
Constantinian Order of St. George – CC: 1823
Russia:
Order of St. Anne 1st cl.

Printed Sources

MilSchem | WZ, 31.07.1813, 14.10.1813

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 Q2 Quietovsky, Tobias von
 
Personal Information
Born: Herrengrund (Úrvölgy / Špania Dolina) / Com. Sohl (Zólyom) / Hungary, 1734
Died: Ofen (Buda) / Hungary, 03.12.1806

Promotions

Major: 30.11.17781
Oberstleutnant: 13.08.1789
Oberst: 10.02.1790
Generalmajor: 10.17932 (w.r.f. 29.10.1793)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Amon, DR10, pp.82, 86, 104, 113f., 130 | MilSchem

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Amon, DR10, p.82: 31.12.1778 (?)
2) Amon, DR10, p.130: 28.09.1793 "GM und in Ruhestand" (major general and retired) (?)


 
 Q3 Quosdanovich, Karl Paul Freiherr von
 
Personal Information
Born: Brestovac1 / Croatia, 1763
Died: Pancsova / Banat, 05.02.1817

Name Variants
also: Guosdanovich, Gvozdanovich

Promotions

Major: 06.1795
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 12.05.1813

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 18.08.1801 / CC: 08.03.1814

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Prussia:
Order of the Red Eagle 2nd cl.: 1813
Russia:
Order of St. Vladimir 2nd cl.

Printed Sources

Hirtenfeld 1, p.1171ff. | MD 4, p.147 | MD 8, p.132 (corrections) | MilSchem | Wurzbach 24, p.151ff. | WZ, 01.07.1813, 21.02.1814

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Wurzbach 24, p.151: "Braslovacs" in the Croatian Military Border (?)
 

 
 Q4 Quosdanovich, (Peter) Vitus Freiherr von
 
Personal Information
Born: Sichelburg (Zumberak) / Croatia, 12.06.1738
Died: Vienna, 13.08.1802

Name Variants

also: Guosdanovich, Gvozdanovich

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst: 1779 (?)
Generalmajor: 12.10.1788 (w.r.f. 06.10.1788)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 29.12.1793 (w.r.f. 20.12.1783)
Retired: 28.02.1797

Field Service (1792-1815)

Commander of the Austrian forces at the combat of Handschuhsheim: 24.09.1795 (+)
Commander of the Austrian forces at the battle of Lonato: 02./03.1796 (–)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 19.05.1779 / CC: 02.10.1795

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)

Vitus Freiherr von Quosdanovich entered the Warasdin Grenz Hussar Regiment N°41 in 1752. With this regiment he fought through the Seven Years War, reaching the rank of captain. By 1773, he was Oberstleutnant and commander of the Karlstadt Grenz Hussar Regiment N°40. In the War of the Bavarian Succession, he shone in action on several occasions. On 15 and 16 July 1778, he raided a Prussian camp. At Hradecz, he held up the Prussian corps of GL von Wunsch, rode down a square of the grenadier battalion Pitteris and took five 12-pounder guns. At Weissskirchen on 26 November 1778, he held up the superior Prussians for several hours, eventually forcing their withdrawal. At Taubnitz, he drove the Prusian cavalry back onto their infantry, causing them to abandon the action. On 19 May 1779, he was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Military Maria Theresian Order, promoted to Oberst and given command of the Slavonian Grenz Hussar Regiment N°43.
In the wars against the Turks, from 1787-92, Quosdanovich often distinguished himself and was promoted to Generalmajor in 1788. In the victory of Berbir he also played a key part.
At the beginning of the First Coalition War Quosdanovich was given command of a brigade and – after his promotion to Feldmarschalleutnant (end 1793) – of a division in the Army of the Upper Rhine. On 22 September 1795 he was forced back on Heidelberg by GdD Jean-Charles Pichegru's assault, with the 6th and 7th Divisions (Ambert and Dufour resp.), 12,000 men in all. Two days later he defeated GdD Dufour at Handschuhsheim, saving the day. French GdD Dufour was killed and GdB Dusirat was wounded and the French lost 8 guns. This success allowed the junction of the Austrian armies of the Upper and the Lower Rhine and forced Jourdan to withdraw over the Rhine. For this victorious combat he was awarded the Commander's Cross of the MMTO. Later FML Quosdanovich served under GdK Graf Wurmser and fought in the successful siege of Mannheim, which fell on 22 November.
In 1796 he served initially in the Army of the Upper Rhine, but was then transferred to Italy and led the minor column of 18,000 men down the western side of Lake Garda in the first of Wurmser's attempts to relieve Mantua at the end of July. On 29 July the Austrian main column under Wurmser attacked Massena at Rivoli; Massena fell back to Pievetano after losing 2,800 men and 9 guns. That same day, Quosdanovich attacked French GdD Sauret at Salo; Sauret fell back to Desenzano, on the southwestern tip of the lake. GdB Jean-Joseph Guieu was cut off with a battalion and took refuge in a large building. Quosdanovich sent Klenau to Brescia (west of the southern end of Lake Garda) where he captured four companies of infantry, a squadron of cavalry and several generals. Next day Quosdanovich advanced to the Chiese, leaving part of his force to contain Guieu. He was surprised by Sauret and defeated at Salo (on the lower west side of Lake Garda) on 31 July and Guieu was saved. Quosdanovich pulled back west to Gavardo, but advanced again on 3 August to join up with Wurmser. That day he clashed with GdD Despinois (?) and GdD Claude D'Allemagne and pushed them back to Brescia and Rezzato respectively. On 4 August, he was pushed further away from Wurmser to Gavardo by General Guieu and Prince Reuss' Reserve division was separated from him at Rocco d'Anfo on Lake Idro to the northwest. The battle of Castiglione took place on 5 August. The divisions of Massena, Augereau, Kilmaine and Serrurier (the latter commanded by GdB Fiorelli) and totalling over 30,000 men, fought here this day.
Wurmser's 15,500 were defeated with a loss of 2,000 killed and wounded, 1,000 prisoners and 20 guns. Austrian GM Lipthay was wounded. Wurmser was pushed back eastwards over the Mincio. He tried to fortify a camp at Pescheira but was thrown out on 6 August by Marshal Massena with the loss of 500 men and 10 guns. Wurmser fell back north up the Etsch (on the eastern side of Lake Garda) to Ala where he established contact with Quosdanovich again.
In the second attempt to relieve Mantua, FML Quosdanovich's division was hard-pressed by Augereau's at Bassano on 8 September.
After Wurmser's defeat at San Giorgio (Mantua) on 15 September, Quosdanovich's corps on the Isonzo River numbered only 2,000 men. But in four weeks the strength had risen to 6,000. Alvinczy took over command in Italy in place of Wurmser. He ordered Quosdanovich's Corps of the Friaul to take Bassano on the Brenta, while Davidovich's Corps of the Tyrol was to seize Trient on the Etsch. Davidovich was ordered then to move to join up with Alvinczy – who was with Quosdanovich's corps – so as to unite before the critical battle with Napoleon. No advance by Alvinczy over the Etsch would be made until he received confirmation from Davidovich that he had cleared the enemy out of that valley. Quosdanovich fought at the Austrian victories over Napoleon at Bassano on 6 November, at Caldiero on 12 November, and at Arcole on 15-17 November.
He commanded an assault column at Rivoli on 14-15 January 1797 in Alvinczy's final attempt to relieve Mantua. On the first day of the battle, his column was the first to reach the plateau of Rivoli, where they pushed the 39e Demi Brigade out of the line of the Osteria and forced GdD Barthélemy-Catherine Joubert to withdraw his division. At the "crisis" of the day, they had only a fraction of their weary men on the plateau of Rivoli. Napoleon seized this moment to throw part of Joubert's division, 600 cavalry and the 39e Demi Brigade at them and they were tumbled back down the hill in utter confusion.
FML Quosdanovich retired in February 1797 and died on 13 August 1802 in Vienna.

Printed Sources

Bodart, pp.304, 311 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.445f. | MD 4, p.147 | MilSchem | Wurzbach 24, p.153f.

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
Ebert (http://www.napoleon-online.de/AU_Generale/html/quosdanovich.html)





Placed on the Napoleon Series: August 2008

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