Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics



By Leopold Kudrna, with Biographical Essays by Digby Smith.




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Austrian Generals
1792-1815


R
 
Radetzky  to  Rziczan






   
 R1 Radetzky von Radetz, Joseph Wenzel Graf
 
Personal Information
Born: Trzebnitz Castle (Třebenice) / Bohemia, 02.11.1766
Died: Milan (Milano) / Lombardy, 05.01.1858


Family Status

Married: 1798 Franziska Gräfin Strassoldo-Grafenberg (1779-1854)

Promotions

Major: 19.05.17961
Oberstleutnant: 01.05.1799
Oberst: 05.11.1799
Generalmajor: 01.09.1805 (w.r.f. 24.02.1804)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 01.06.1809 (w.r.f. 27.05.1809)
General der Kavallerie: 18.02.1829
Feldmarschall: 17.09.1836
Retired: 28.02.1857
Russia:
General Field Marshal: 07.04.1849

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Chief of the Quartermaster General Staff: 08.1809 – 02.1813 / 05.1813 – 06.1814 / 03.1815 – 10.1815
Adlatus of the Commanding General in Hungary: 1818 – 18??
Fortress Commandant of Olmütz: 11.1829 – 11.1831
Commanding General in Lombardo-Venetia: 23.11.1831 – 05.1853
Governor-General in Lombardo-Venetia: 1850-1856
Commanding General in Lombardo-Venetia: 02.1856 – 28.02.1857

Field Service (1792-1815)

Chief of the Quartermaster General Staff of the main army: 08.-12.1809
Chief of the Quartermaster General Staff of the Bohemian Observation Army: 05.-06.1813
Chief of the Quartermaster General Staff of the main army: 06.1813 – 06.1814
Chief of the Quartermaster General Staff of the Army of the Upper Rhine: 04.-10.1815

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Order of the Golden Fleece: 03.04.1849
Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 18.08.1801 / CC: 08.04.1810 / GC: 30.07.1848
Order of St. Stephen – GC: 1851 / w.d.: 1853/54
Order of Leopold – GC: 22.10.1813
Order of the Iron Crown 1st cl.: 14.09.1838
Military Merit Cross
Military Honor Cross 1813/14 (Army Cross 1813/14): ~ 1814
Officers Military Service Cross 2nd cl.: 1849
2nd Colonel-Proprietor of the Cuirassier Regiment N°4: 1809
Colonel-Proprietor of the Hussar Regiment N°5: 06.09.1809 – 1814
2nd Colonel-Proprietor of the Hussar Regiment N°5: 1814-1830
Colonel-Proprietor of the Hussar Regiment N°5: 1830-1831
2nd Colonel-Proprietor of the Hussar Regiment N°5: 1831-1848
Colonel-Proprietor of the Hussar Regiment N°5: 1848 – 05.01.1858
I.R. Privy Councillor: 22.06.1815 (w.r.f.: 22.10.1813)
I.R. Chamberlain

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Baden:
Order of the Lion of Zähringen – GC: 1816/17
Bayern:
Order of St. Hubert: 1850
Military Order of Maximilian Joseph – GC: 1814
Denmark:
Order of the Elephant: 1850
France:
Military Order of St. Louis – GC: 05.04.1816
Greece:
Order of the Redeemer – GC: 1853
Hannover:
Order of St. George: 1850
Guelphic Order – GC: 1817
Hessen-Darmstadt:
Order of Ludwig – GC: 1850
Hessen-Kassel:
Order of the Golden Lion – GC: 1850
Lucca (Parma):
Military Order of St. George 1st cl.: 08.1846
Modena:
Order of the Eagle of Este – GC: 1855
Naples-Sicily:
Military Order of St. Ferdinand and of Merit – GC
Papal State:
Order of St. Gregor – GC: 01.1839 / w.d.: 1850
Order of St. Pius: 1850 / w.d.
Parma:
Constantinian Order of St. George – GC: 1833
Order of St. Ludwigs – GC: 1850 / w.d.
Poland (Russia):
Order of the White Eagle: 1839
Prussia:
Order of the Black Eagle 1847/48 / w.d.: 1850
Order of the Red Eagle 1st cl.: 1814 / w. swords.: 185?
Russia:
Order of St. Andrew: 04.1839 / w.d.: 12.1845 / w. swords
Order of St. Alexander Nevskij: 1814 / w. swords
Order of St. George 3rd cl.: 10.10.[28.10.]1813 / 1st cl. 08.09.[27.08.]1848
Order of St. Vladimir – GC: 1814
Order of St. Anne 1st cl.: 08./09.1813 / w. swords
Colonel-Proprietor of the Hussar Regiment N°?
Sardinia-Piedmont:
Order of the Annunziata: 1838
Order of St. Maurice and St. Lazarus – GC: 02.1832
Saxony:
Order of the Rue Crown: 1850
Tuscany:
Order of St. Joseph – GC
Order of Military Merit 1st cl.: 1854
Württemberg:
Order of the Crown of Wuerttemberg – GC: 07.1851
Order of Military Merit – GC: 07.1851

Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)

Born on 2 November 1766 in Trzebnitz in Bohemia as a member of an old Bohemian family and son of Graf Peter Eusebius, he entered military service on 1 August 1784 as cadet in Cuirassier Regiment "Caramelli" N°2. On 3 February 1786 he was promoted to Unterleutnant and on 11 November 1787 to Oberleutnant.
He fought in the Turkish wars 1788-1791, mostly as ADC to FM Graf Lacy. Radetzky was at the sieges of Berbir and Belgrade; distinguished on the retreat to Illowa against a superior force of Spahis. He fought in the Netherlands 1792 as ADC to FML Baron Beaulieu. On 25 June 1794 he swam the River Sambre to establish that the French had already captured Charleroi; this caused the intended relief attempt to be cancelled. In June 1794 he was promoted to Rittmeister and on 28 October 1795 he led a storming column at the siege of Mainz.
In February 1796, Radetzky joined FZM Baron Beaulieu's GHQ in Pavia; he led an assault column at Voltri on 10 April. On 30 May, after the Austrian defeat at Borghetto, Radetzky escaped by swimming the Mincio and saved the sick FZM Beaulieu. On 19 (29?) May, he was promoted to Major in the Pionierkorps. Radetzky took part in Wurmser's operations around Mantua and on 15 October, was forced to take refuge in the fortress. When the place fell on 4 February 1797, Radetzky was in the 500-strong force that marched out with their weapons, colours flying and drums beating in recognition of the brave defence of the citadel.
In 1799, he was again in Italy on the staff of the GQM, Oberst Baron Zach. On 1 May Graf Radetzky was promoted to Oberstleutnant and appointed Adjutant General to GdK Melas. From 17-19 June, he fought in the battle of the Trebbia River. Radetzky led some grenadier battalions around the French flank into their rear and caused the collapse of their position. He was also distinguished at Novi on 15 August. The following year he fought at Marengo (14 June 1800) and in November of that year, Radetzky was given command of Cuirassier Regiment "Herzog Albrecht" N°3 and fought at Hohenlinden on 3 December.
On 18 August 1801 Radetzky was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Military Maria Theresian Order. From 1801 to 1805 he worked to make his regiment so efficient that it was chosen to be the model for all heavy cavalry regiments in the army. Additionally the count was appointed to be a member of the Cavalry Commission in 1802 to develop new tactics.
In September 1805 Radetzky received his promotion to Generalmajor together with the commandership of a cavalry brigade in Italy, where he again could distinguish himself. After the war (1806) he conducted a review of the military train and veterinary services.
In 1809 he commanded a light cavalry brigade in the V Corps and saved Schusteck's belated column at Ebelsberg on 3 May. Three days later (6 May) he fought at Blindenmarkt and – after the battle of Aspern – was promoted to Feldmarschalleutnant. At Wagram Radetzky commanded a division in IV Corps and was again distinguished. He was then appointed 2nd Colonel-Proprietor of Cuirassier-Regiment "Kronprinz Rudolf" N°4 which post he hold only for a little while. On 6 September 1809, he became Proprietor of Hussar Regiment N°5. The following year FML Radetzky was created Commander of the MMTO and involved in the army reform programme following the defeat of 1809.
In May 1813 Radetzky was appointed to Chief of the Austrian General Staff and chief of staff of the main army (under FM Prince Schwarzenberg). For the defeat of Napoleon at Leipzig the two Emperors, Francis I. and Alexander I. awarded him the Grand Cross of the Leopold Order (Austria) and the Order of St. George 3rd cl. (Russia). In 1829 he was promoted to General of Cavalry. In 1831 Radetzky was appointed Commanding General in Lombardo-venetia; five years later, he was promoted to Feldmarschall. From 1848-1849 he fought against the Italian rebels and won decisive victories at Custozza (25 / 25 June 1848) and Novara (23 March 1849). With the high age of 91 Radetzky died in Milan in 1858 as one of the very vew Austrian general officers, who had served under five emperors (Joseph II., Leopold II., Francis II./I., Ferdinand I., Francis Joseph).

Printed Sources

ADB 27, p.122ff. | Hirtenfeld 2, p.1363ff. | Hollins, p.50f. (wrong: "Radetsky") | MilSchem | MZ, year 1858, N°3 (from 09.01.1858), p.17ff. / N°4 (from 13.01.1858), p.25ff. / N°6 (from 20.01.1858), pp.41ff., 47f. / N°19 (from 06.03.1858), p.143ff. | Pizzighelli, DR3, pp.113, 127f. | Regele, p.30f. | NDB 21, p.87f. | ÖBL 8, p.370f. | Vlies-Orden, p.189, N°938 | Wrede 3, pp.145, 256 | Wrede (6), pp.33, 41 | Wurzbach 24, p.177ff. | WZ, 25.11.1809, 07.09.1813, 27.10.1813, 19.02.1814, 20.02.1814, 29.07.1815, 12.09.1816 | Zivkovic, Generalität, pp.14, 40 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, pp.60, 110, 111

Internet Sources

Boettger
Ebert (http://www.napoleon-online.de/AU_Generale/html/radetzky.html)
Jewison/Steiner
Saint-Louis (wrong: "Radetsky")
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
Vederman

Notes

1) MZ N°3: 29.05.1796 (?)


 
 R2 Radivojevich, Paul
Radivojevich, Paul Freiherr von
 
Personal Information
Born: Szent-Endre / Com. Pest / Hungary, 1759
Died: Verona / Venetia, 15.07.1829

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 02.04.1807 (w.r.f. 08.06.1805)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 25.08.1809
Feldzeugmeister: 18.02.1829

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Commanding General ad interim in the Banat: 1810-1811
Commanding General in the Warasdin-Karlstadt / (since 02.1823) Banal-Warasdin-Karlstadt Military Border: 01.06.1814 (10.1814?) – 03.1829
Adlatus of the Commanding General in Lombardo-Venetia: 03.1829 – 15.07.1829

Field Service (1792-1815)

Commander of the Left Wing Corps of the Army of Italy: 10.1813 – 06.1814
Commander of the 1st Army Corps of the Army of Italy: 04.-07.1815
Commander of the Reserve Corps of the Army of Italy: 07.-10.1815
Commander ad interim of the Army of Italy: 10.1815

Elevation of Social Status

Freiherr: 13.04.1826

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Order of Leopold – CC: 10.1813
2nd Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°14: 1811-1815
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°48: 11.1815 – 15.07.1829
I.R. Privy Councillor: 02.12.1816

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Russia:
Order of St. Anne 1st cl.: 1815
Sardinia-Piedmont:
Order of St. Maurice and St. Lazarus – GC

Printed Sources

Amon, IR18, pp.341, 343 | Böhm 1, p.414 | Frank N°7390 | Hold, IR48, p.133f. | MD 8, p.133 (wrong: d. 13.07.1829) | MilSchem | Nekrolog 1829, N°1053 (p.948) (wrong: d. 13.07.1829) | ÖBL 8, p.377 | Preyer, p.115 | Wrede 1, pp.210, 453 | Wrede (6), p.33 | Wurzbach 24, p.201 | WZ, 25.11.1809, 27.10.1813, 20.02.1816 | Zivkovic, Generalität, p.40 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, pp.60, 65, 67, 133, 134

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 R3 Radossevich, Demeter
Radossevich von Rados, Demeter
Radossevich von Rados, Demeter Freiherr von
 
Personal Information
Born: around 1749
Died: Vienna, 04.06.18351

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant: 1st H. 1807
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 10.08.1813
Feldmarschalleutnant: 17.12.1829

Posts and Offices (Army, Politic
s, Court)
Commanding General ad interim in the Banal-Warasdin-Karlstadt Military Border: 09.1831- 02.1832
Commanding General in Slavonia and Syrmia: 02.1832 – 06.1834
Vice President of the Aulic War Council: 06.1834 – 04.06.1835

Elevation of Social Status

plain nobility: 15.05.1773 (with predicate: "von Rados")
Freiherr: 1823

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Order of Leopold – KC: 04.05.1816
Silver Civil Merit Cross 1813/14: 26.05.1815
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°53: 1825 – 04.06.1835
I.R. Privy Councillor: 1832

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

France:
Military Order of St. Louis – CC: 05.04.1816
Russia:
Order of St. Anne 1st cl.: 1815

Printed Sources

Frank 4, p.134 | MilSchem | Wrede 1, p.485 | WZ, 14.10.1813, 28.05.1815, 18.10.1815, 31.05.1816, 12.09.1816 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, p.67, 68

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
Saint-Louis (wrong: "Radossevisch")

Notes

1) Schmidt-Brentano: 06.06.(04.08.?)1835 (?)


 
 R4 Raigecourt, Karl Ludwig Graf
 
Personal Information
Born: Nancy / Lorraine / France, 16.04.1766
Died: Vienna, 19.04.1841

Name Variants
(French) Charles-Louis-Plaikard Comte de Raigecourt

Promotions

Major: 14.01.1801
Oberstleutnant: 07.10.1805
Oberst: 23.03.1808
Generalmajor: 15.07.1812
Feldmarschalleutnant: 08.10.1823
Retired: 09.05.1832

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Honor Cross 1813/14 (Army Cross 1813/14): ~ 1814
I.R. Chamberlain

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

France:
Order of the Légion d'Honneur – CC: ~ 1814
Military Order of St. Louis – KC: 05.11.1814
Naples-Sicily:
Order of St. Ferdinand and of Merit – CC: 1821

Printed Sources

MD 4, p.150 | MilSchem | Petiot, p.427f. | WZ, 09.03.1808, 05.09.1812

Internet Sources

Saint-Louis
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale (wrong: d. 1770)


 
 R5 Rakitievich, Maximilian
Rakitievich von Topplitza, Maximilian
 
Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: Neusatz (Újvidék, Novi Sad) / Banat, 04.08.18101

Name Variants

also: Toplicza

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 12.03.1802 (w.r.f. 27.02.1802)
Retired: 1807

Elevation of Social Status

plain nobility: 11.05.1771 (with predicate: "von Topplitza")

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)



Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

MilSchem | WZ, 15.08.1807

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Schmidt-Brentano, Generale: 03.08.1810 (?)


 
 R6 Rakovszky de Nagy-Rákó et Kelemenfalva, Martin
Rakovszky de Nagy-Rákó et Kelemenfalva, Martin Freiherr
 
Personal Information
Born: Nagy-Rákó / Com. Turócz / Hungary, 17.12.1754
Died: Burglos (Dés, Dej) / Transylvania, 25.04.1828

Promotions
Major: 27.12.1800 (w.r.f. 02.10.1801)
Oberstleutnant: 29.11.1804 (w.r.f. 01.12.1804)
Oberst: 22.02.1808 (w.r.f. 14.02.1808)
Generalmajor: 15.07.1812 (w.r.f. 28.03.1810)
Retired: 10.03.18161

Elevation of Social Status

Freiherr: 17.09.1812

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 18.08.1801

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

Frank 4, p.138 | Frank-Döfering, 3573 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.649ff. (wrong: b. 1755) | MD 8, p.135 | MilSchem | Wurzbach 24, p.302ff. | WZ, 09.03.1808, 05.09.1812

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Rakovszky, Stephan de: Rakovszky de Nagyrákó (= http://www.rakovszky.eu/?Biographies/Short/R-Marton1754-baro.shtml).- Download: 06.08.2008
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Schmidt-Brentano: 07.10.1815 (?)


 
 R7 Rauch von Nyék, Paul Freiherr
 
Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: 19.10.1815

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 01.05.1773 (w.r.f. 04.05.1765)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

MilSchem

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 R8 Rebrovich, Matthias
Rebrovich von Razboj, Matthias Freiherr
 
Personal Information
Born: Thurn (Toranj) / Croatia, 1756
Died: Graz / Styria, 26.12.1830

Promotions
Major: 02.01.1806
Oberstleutnant: 14.09.1808
Oberst: 08.1810
Generalmajor: 06.08.1810
Retired: 11.05.1820

Elevation of Social Status

Freiherr: 19.04.1821 (with predicate: "von Razboj")

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 25.09.1813

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

Frank 4, p.148 | Frank-Döfering, 3599 | Hirtenfeld 2, p.1202ff. | MD 8, p.139 | MilSchem | Wurzbach 25, p.84ff.

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 R9 Rechbach auf Mederndorf, Joseph Freiherr von
 
Personal Information
Born: around 1728
Died: Vienna, 24.12.1813

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 16.01.1790 (w.r.f. 26.11.1789)
Retired: 1801

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

MilSchem

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 R10 Regenthal, Victor Edler von
Regenthal, Victor Freiherr von

Personal Information

Born: 17??
Died: Wels / Upper Austria, 22.09.1800

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 10.04.1783 (w.r.f. 11.05.1783)

Elevation of Social Status

Freiherr: 01.12.1780

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Frank 4, p.151 | MilSchem

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 R11 Reichlin von Meldegg, Benedikt Joseph Christoph Freiherr
 
Personal Information
Born: Offenburg (free imperial city), 29.08.1752
Died: Karlsburg (Alba-Iulia, Gyulafehérvár) / Transylvania, 24.12.18231

Family Status

Married: 1803 Maria Johanna Roessler (17??-1844)

Promotions

Major: 07.1799
Oberstleutnant: 02/03.1808
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 26.07.1813
Retired: 08.10.1823

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Fortress Commandant of Karlsburg: 18?? – 24.12.1823

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

Kreipner, IR34, p.349 | MD 4, p.161 (wrong: d. 29.08.1762) | MilSchem | NDB 21, p.317 | Reichlin-Meldegg, Hermann von: Geschichte der Familie Reichlin von Meldegg, Regensburg 1881, p.118, genealogical table XI | WZ, 09.03.1808, 31.07.1813, 14.10.1813

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) MD / Schmidt-Brentano: 24.10.1823 (?)


 
 R12 Reinhardt, Ferdinand von
 
Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: Neuhaus (n.l.), 18.10.18421

Name Variants

also: Reinhard

Promotions

Major: 22.03.1797
Oberstleutnant: 12.10.1800
Oberst: 31.08.1805
Generalmajor: 26.04.1809
Feldmarschalleutnant: 12.09.1813
Retired: 1814

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Order of Leopold – KC: 1817

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

Amon, IR47, p.371, 422 (wrong: "Karl v. Reinhardt"), 434 | MilSchem | WZ, 25.11.1809

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Schmidt-Brentano: 17.10.1842 (?)


 
 R13 Reinwaldt von Waldegg, (Adrian) Joseph Ritter

Personal Information

Born: Vienna, 1749
Died: Prague (Praha) / Bohemia, 25.03.1825

Promotions

Major: 1797
Oberstleutnant: 1799
Oberst: 02.1804
Generalmajor: 15.08.1808
Feldmarschalleutnant: 26.07.1813

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

City and Fortress Commandant of Prague: ? – 25.03.1825

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 17.04.1799
2nd Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°52: 1818 – 25.03.1825

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

Hirtenfeld 1, p.540f. | MilSchem | Schmedes, IR28, p.299 | Wrede 1, p.478 | Wurzbach 25, p.238f. | WZ, 03.09.1808, 31.07.1813, 14.10.1813

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 R14 Reischach, Franz Joseph Johann Nepomuk Freiherr von
 
Personal Information
Born: 13.05.1730
Died: Hietzing near Vienna, 12.09.1807

Family Status

Uncle of R15

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst: ~ 1759
Generalmajor: 19.01.1771 (w.r.f. 03.07.1761)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 25.04.1775 (w.r.f. 28.04.1774)

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Envoy extraordinary and Minister plenipotentiary in Den Haag (Netherlands)1: 28.01.1783 – 02.11.1784 (departure) / 06.02.1786 – 04.04.17872

Chivalric Order

Knight of the Teutonic Order: 1754
Governor (Statthalter) of the Bailiwick Altenbiesen: 1784-1785
Province Commander (Landkomtur) of the Bailiwick Altenbiesen: 1785 – 12.09.1807

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Matsch, p.117 | MilSchem | Oldenhage, p.84 | Repertorium 3, p.82f. | Täubl, p.190 | Tomaschek, DR8, p.686 | Wurzbach 25, p.242 | WZ, 26.09.1807

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) on leave: 11.03.1784 – 30.04.1784 / 14.07.1786 – 23.07.1786 / 24.08.1786 – 18.09.1786
2) Matsch: 28.11.1782 – 28.11.1786 (?)


 
 R15 Reischach, Thaddäus Anton Freiherr von


Personal Information

Born: Vienna, 08.12.1776
Died: Vienna, 12.05.1839

Family Status

Nephew of R14
Married: 1800 Maria Karolina Gräfin Kollonitz (1769-1826)

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant: 06./07.1808
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 30.04.1815
Feldmarschalleutnant: 06.11.1830

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Grand Master of the Household to Archduke Ludwig of Austria: 1835 – 12.05.1839

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Order of the Iron Crown 1st cl.
I.R. Privy Councillor: 1835
I.R. Chamberlain

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

MD 4, p.163 | MilSchem | Wurzbach 25, p.243 | WZ, 03.08.1808, 08.05.1815

Internet Sources

Marek (http://www.genealogy.euweb.cz/hung/zay1.html)
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 

 R16 Reisinger, Maximilian von

Personal Information

Born: 17??
Died: (Mährisch-Schönberg [Šumperk] / Moravia ?), 01.04.1818

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor (title a.h.): 29.03.1800 (w.r.f. 02.05.1800)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

MilSchem

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 R17 Reisky von Dubnitz, Franz Wenzel Freiherr

Personal Information

Born: 17??
Died: 30.12.1816

Name Variants

wrong: Reysky von Dubenitz

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 26.11.1777 (w.r.f. 09.05.1777)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 09.10.1787 (w.r.f. 07.10.1787)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°13: 1786 – 1809 (disbanded)
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°10: 1809 – 30.12.1816

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

MilSchem | Wrede 1, p.182 | Wrede 2, p.226

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 R18 Reisner, Anton von
Reisner, Anton Freiherr von

Personal Information

Born: Neu-Bistritz (Nová Bystřice) / Bohemia, 14.10.1749
Died: Vienna, 22.10.1822

Family Status

Married: 1802 Franziska Maresch von Marsfeld, widowed Modrai (17??-1820)

Promotions

Major: 11.03.1793
Oberstleutnant: 12.08.1797 (12.03.1797 ?)
Oberst: 11.1799
Generalmajor: 01.09.1805 (w.r.f. 26.01.1804)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 1809

Elevation of Social Status

Freiherr: 21.06.1816

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 15.12.1799 / CC: 30.10.1813
Colonel-Proprietor of the Artillery Regiment N°3: 1818 – 22.10.1822

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Prussia:
Order of the Red Eagle 2nd cl.: 1813
Russia:
Order of St. Anne 1st cl.: 1813

Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)

Born on 14 October 1749 in Neubistritz in Bohemia to a major in the Austrian artillery Reisner entered military service in 1768 as a cadet in the 1st Artillery Brigade. In 1771 he became a Feuerwerker (officer cadet of artillery) and in 1776 he was commissioned Leutnant in the 2nd Field Artillery Regiment. From 1778-1779 he took part in the war with Prussia and distinguished himself under FML Loudon with the regimental artillery of Infantry Regiment "Oliver Wallis" in the clash at Brüx. In 1784 Reisner was promoted to Oberleutnant; in 1787 to Hauptmann.
From 1788-1790 Reisner fought with distinction in the war with Turkey in FML Graf Wartensleben's corps. With the regimental guns of Infantry Regiment "Terzi" he distinguished himself in the actions at Schupanek, Mehadia, Karansebes and Slatina. He also took part in the siege of Orsova fortress, where he was wounded. In 1790 he fought in Walachia under Clerfayt.
On 11 March 1793 Reisner was promoted to Major; he served on the upper Rhine until 1797 at Mannheim, Kehl and Hüningen, where he was distinguished. On 12 March 1797 he was promoted to Oberstleutnant and appointed commandant of the Bombardier Corps. In 1799 Reisner was appointed commander of the siege artillery around Mantua fortress, which place he left to fight at the Trebbia River (17-20 June). After the battle he returned to conduct the bombardment. Fire was opened on 10 July and Mantua capitulated on the 28th.
On 2 December, he was appointed commander of the artillery at the siege of the fortress of Cuneo (Coni); the place surrendered on 4 December. For these actions, he was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Military Maria Theresian Order on 15 December 1799. Shortly before he received his promotion to Oberst and was made commander of the 2nd Artillery Regiment.
In 1800 Colonel Reisner was made commander of the Artillery in Italy; he was wounded at Marengo and fought at Valeggio, Villafranca and Verona.
After his promotion to Generalmajor in 1805 he served again as commander of the artillery in Italy during the campaigns of 1805 and 1809. In the battle of the Piave River on 8 May 1809 Reisner was wounded and captured. The same year the emperor promoted him to Feldmarschalleutnant. In 1810 he transferred to the Artillery Directorate in Vienna.
During the campaign of 1813 he commanded the Extra Corps of the Army of Bohemia. He reorganised the Austrian artillery after the heavy losses at Dresden (40 guns) and fought at Kulm and Leipzig. After the latter battle Reisner was awarded the Commander's Cross of the MMTO, the Russian Order of St. Anne 1st cl. and the Prussian Red Eagle Order 1st cl. In 1815 he again commanded the artillery of the main army under Schwarzenberg. In 1818 FML Reisner was appointed commandant of the Artillery Arsenal in Vienna.

Printed Sources

Frank 4, p.159 | Frank-Döfering, 3616 | Gatti, ArtAk, p.82f. | Hirtenfeld 2, p.1158ff. | MilSchem | ÖMZ, year 1823, vol.3, p.156ff.: Herrmann, [N.]: Nekrolog des k.k. östreichischen Feldmarschall-Lieutenants Freiherrn von Reisner (= Ritter, p.223ff.) | Ritter, p.223ff. (= ÖMZ, year 1823, vol.3, p.156ff.) | Wurzbach 25, p.250ff. | WZ, 20.02.1814 | (Wrede) 4, p.477

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 R19 Reitzenstein, Johann Georg Heinrich Philipp Freiherr von
 
Personal Information
Born: 12.07.1723
Died: Froschgrün / Bavaria, 23.02.17951

Name Variants

also: Reizenstein

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 08.04.1772 (w.r.f. 08.09.1761)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)



Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

MilSchem

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Schmidt-Brentano: 02.02.1795 (?)


 
 R20 Renner, Sigmund
Renner, Sigmund Freiherr von

Personal Information

Born: Nidau / Cantone Berne / Switzerland, 1727
Died: Neuwaldegg near Vienna, 28.08.1800

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant: 1768
Oberst: 1776
Generalmajor: 10.04.1783 (w.r.f. 26.03.1783)
Retired: 1784

Elevation of Social Status

Freiherr: 1774

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

MilSchem | Wurzbach 25, p.295

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 R21 Resch, Johann Felix
Resch von Lewald, Johann Felix

Personal Information

Born: around 1722
Died: 22.07.1802

Name Variants

also: Reesch

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 31.05.1800

Elevation of Social Status

plain nobility: 13.10.1777 (with predicate: "von Lewald")

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Frank, 4, p.151 | MilSchem

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 R22 Retz, Anton von

Personal Information

Born: 17??
Died: (Chrudim / Bohemia ?), 12.06.1802

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 07.05.1800 (w.r.f. 22.05.1800)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

MilSchem

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 R23 Reuss-Plauen, Heinrich XIII. Fürst zu

Personal Information

Born: Greiz Castle / Reuss, 16.02.1747
Died: Greiz Castle / Reuss, 29.01.1817

Change of Name

Reuss zu Greiz: 1800

Family Status

Brother of R24 and R25
Brother-in-law of H60 (Hohenlohe-Kirchberg)
Married: 1786 Luise Prinzessin von Nassau-Weilburg (1765-1837)

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 28.06.1788
Feldmarschalleutnant: 06.01.1797 (w.r.f. 02.03.1794)
Feldzeugmeister: 02.04.1801 (w.r.f. 28.03.1801)
Retired: 08.07.1816

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Director-General of Imperial Recruitment: 1800-1805/06
Governor-General of the Grand Duchy of Frankfurt and the Principality of Isenburg: 1813/14

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Order of St. Stephen – GC: 1800
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°55: 1803-1809 (disbanded)
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°18: 18.11.1809 – 29.01.1817

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Amon, IR18, p.392, 447 (wrong: d. 19.01.1817) | MilSchem | Wrede 1, p.241 | Wrede 2, p.261 | Zivkovic, Generalität, p.37

Internet Sources

Marek (http://genealogy.euweb.cz/reuss/reuss4.html)
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
Theroff (http://pages.prodigy.net/ptheroff/gotha/reuss.html)


 
 R24 Reuss-Plauen, Heinrich XIV. Fürst zu
 
Personal Information
Born: Greiz Castle / Reuss, 06.11.1749
Died: Berlin / Prussia, 12.02.17991

Family Status

Brother of R23 and R25
Brother-in-law H60 (Hohenlohe-Kirchberg)
Married 1797 (morganatic): Maria Anna Meyer, the ennobled "von Eybenberg" (1775/76-1812)

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 18.09.1790
Feldmarschalleutnant: 02.03.1797 (w.r.f. 28.08.1795)

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Envoy extraordinary and Minister plenipotentiary in Berlin (Prussia): 12.08.1785 – 12.02.1799

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Matsch, p.120 | MilSchem | Repertorium 3, p.86

Internet Sources

Marek (http://genealogy.euweb.cz/reuss/reuss4.html)
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Marek: 12.12.1799 (?)


 
 R25 Reuss-Plauen, Heinrich XV. Fürst zu
 
Personal Information
Born: Greiz Castle / Reuss, 22.02.1751
Died: Greiz Castle / Reuss, 30.08.1825

Family Status
Brother of R23 and R24
Brother-in-law of H60 (Hohenlohe-Kirchberg)
Unmarried

Promotions

Major: 24.07.1784
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst: 1788
Generalmajor: 29.05.17931
Feldmarschalleutnant: 01.03.1797 (w.r.f. 24.02.1797)
Feldzeugmeister: 18.05.1809
Feldmarschall (title): 10.09.1824
Retired: 10.09.1824

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Commanding General in Galicia: 04.1810 – 07.1813
Military-Governor of the conquered Italian provinces: 25.10.1813 – 05.1814
Governor-General in Venetia: 20.04.1814 – 01.1815
Commanding General in Galicia: 06.08.1819 – 10.09.1824

Field Service (1792-1815)

Commander of the (autonomous) Corps in Vorarlberg / in the Tyrol: 03.-09.1800
Commander of the 5th Army Corps: 05.-11.1809
Commander of the Observation Corps in Galicia: 03.-05.1812
Commander of the Galician Observation Army: 05.1813 – 06.1813
Commander of the 1st Reserve Corps: 06.-07.1813
Commander of the Army of the Danube: 07.1813 – 10.1813

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 07.1809
Order of Leopold – GC: ~ 1814
Order of the Iron Crown 1st cl.: 12.02.1816
Golden Civil Honor Cross 1813/14: 26.05.1815
Silver (Golden ?) Tyrolean Defence Medal: 1796
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°17: 21.05.1801 – 30.08.1825

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

(Palatinate-)Bavaria:
Order of St. Hubertus
Military Order of Maximilian Joseph – GC: 1813
Russia:
Order of St. Alexander Nevskij
Saxony-Weimar:
Order of the White Eagle – GC: 1818

Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)

Heinrich XV Fürst zu Reuss-Plauen was born on 22 February 1751 in Greiz castle in Thuringia. In March 1766 he joined the Austrian Infantry Regiment "Macquire" N°35. After the death of the Empress Maria Theresia in 1780, Kaiser Joseph II took the Austrian Throne; he was to be a great patron of the young prince. In 1787, at the outbreak of the wars against the Turks, Joseph II appointed the prince to be one of his general adjutants. At the storm of the fortress of Schabatz on the River Save (today Sabac, Serbia), in 1788, the prince was distinguished and promoted to Oberst and given command of Infantry Regiment "Wenzel Colloredo" N°56. He was again distinguished at the siege of Belgrade in the autumn of 1789.
In 1793, Prince Heinrich was in action in Flanders on 21 April, when he advanced to the walls of the fortress of Maubeuge; nine days later, his outpost was assailed by superior French forces, but he beat them off. On 29 May 1793, he was promoted to Generalmajor and FM Prinz von Sachsen-Coburg-Saalfeld appointed him to be one of his general adjutants. The prince was present at the stunning Austrian victory of Avesnes-le-Sec on 12 September 1793.
In 1796 Prince Heinrich commanded an infantry brigade in the Army of the Upper Rhine and was then transferred to the Corps of the Tyrol under FML Davidovich. Here he was involved in the first attempted relief of Mantua. On 3 August he restored Austrian fortunes at Lonato with a timely counter-attack with his Reserve. On 4 August, Quosdanovich's column was pushed further away from Wurmser by the French General Guieu and Prinz Reuss' Reserve division was separated from him at Rocco d'Anfo on Lake Idro to the northwest. By the end of August Wurmser was ready for another assault into Italy to relieve the fortress of Mantua. By some mischance, Napoleon came to know the Austrian plan and mounted a pre-emptive strike at Davidovich. On 4 September Massena and Vaubois attacked Reuss and Vukassovich and drove them onto Davidovich and out of Roveredo with the loss of 3,000 men and 25 Guns. On 5 September Massena entered Trient and Davidovich was pushed from behind the River Lava to Neumarkt up the Etsch.
GM Prince Reuss fought at Trient on 4 November, but not at Bassano two days later. He fought in the Austrian defeat at Rivoli on 14-15 January 1797. On 1 March 1797, he was promoted to Feldmarschalleutnant. In the retreat out of Italy in March 1797, Archduke Charles, with the divisions of Hohenzollern and Reuss, took the eastern route via Gradiska and Görz to Laibach. The right wing (with FMLs Bajalich and Gontroeul) went via Udine, Cividale and Caporetto, up the valley of the Isonzo to Tarvis.
In 1799, FML Reuss was in Swabia and fought at Stockach (25 March), Winterthur (27 May) and Zürich, on 4 June, where he commanded the Austrian centre, repelling repeated assaults by GdD Oudinot. In 1800, he was sent into the Tyrol. Despite Austrian defeats in southern Germany and northern Italy, he managed to keep the enemy out of his province.
In 1801, the Emperor appointed him Colonel Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°17. In the 1805 campaign, Prince Reuss commanded a division in Italy and fought at Caldiero. In 1809, he commanded a division in Archduke Ludwig's V Corps. He was in a successful action at Kirchdorf on 20 April, four days later, he commanded the 1st Assault Column at Neumarkt/St. Veith, where the Bavarians were defeated. He also fought at Ebelsberg on 3 May, but not at Aspern, rejoining the main army only after that battle. The Prince was now promoted to Feldzeugmeister. He did not fight at Wagram, being sent to the Bisamberg northeast of Vienna. His V Corps formed the rearguard of the army in the withdrawal to Znaim. On 10 July, he held the French pursuit up at Schöngraben in a well-fought action. Next day, he held the town of Znaim, the Thaya bridge, the heights behind Klosterbruck and Klein-Tesswitz despite all the efforts of the enemy. In July 1809, he was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Military Maria Theresian Order.
From this point until August 1813, he spent the time in his castle at Greiz; he then was appointed to command the Corps of Observation on the borders with Bavaria. On 8 October, Prince Reuss signed the Treaty of Ried with GdK Fürst von Wrede, which brought Bavaria onto the allied side against Napoleon. For this, he was awarded the Order of Leopold (Grand Cross). On 20 April 1814, he was appointed Governor-General of Venice. Here, he was awarded the Order of the Iron Crown 1st cl. and the Gold Medal for civilian service. After Hiller's death, Reuss-Plauen became Governor of Galicia. On 10 September 1824, he was promoted to Feldmarschall upon retirement. He died on 30 August 1825 in Greiz.

Printed Sources

Amon, IR18, p.240 | Hirtenfeld 2, p.1045ff. | Janota, IR56, pp.106, 115 | Katalog der Erzherzog Carl-Ausstellung. Zur Jahrhundertfeier der Schlacht bei Aspern, Vienna 1909, p.133, N°124 | MilSchem | Nekrolog 1825/2, p.1510f. | Rath, p.17 | Strobl, IR17, vol.I, pp.121, 154 (wrong: FM on 10.04.1824), table VI / vol.II, p.1 | Wrede 1, p.234 | Wrede (6), p.32 | Wurzbach 25, p.358ff. | WZ, 25.11.1809, 17.03.1810, 21.11.1813, 28.05.1815, 20.02.1816 | Zivkovic, Generalität, pp.14, 38 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, pp.60, 63, 64, 129-132

Internet Sources

Ebert (http://www.napoleon-online.de/AU_Generale/html/reuss.html)
Jewison/Steiner
Marek (http://genealogy.euweb.cz/reuss/reuss4.html)
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Strobl, IR17, I, p.122: 27.05.1793 (?) / Janota, IR56, p.115: 16.06.1793 (?)


 
 R26 Révay, Anton Freiherr von

Personal Information

Born: Stiavnicka (n.l.) / Hungary, 1753
Died: 24.02.1806

Family Status

Married: [N.] Gräfin Sedlnitzky

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant: 1797
Oberst: 1798
Generalmajor: 29.10.1800 (w.r.f. 12.01.1801)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 18.08.1801

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Hirtenfeld 1, p.612f. | MD 8, p.147 | MilSchem | Wurzbach 25, p.368f.

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Marek (http://genealogy.euweb.cz/hung/revay4.html) (w/o personal info)
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 R27 Reyniac, Franz von

Personal Information

Born: around 1735
Died: Linz / Upper Austria, 21.02.1803

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 08.06.1794 (w.r.f. 15.12.1794)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Guillaume, p.383 | MilSchem

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 R28 Rheinbach, Thomas
Rheinbach, Thomas Edler von

Personal Information

Born: 17??
Died: after 1809

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst: 1807
Generalmajor: 20.06.1809
Retired: 20.06.1809

Elevation of Social Status

plain nobility: 06.09.1804 (with predicate: "Edler von")

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Frank, 4, p.168 | MilSchem | WZ, 18.11.1807

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
 

 
 R29 Richter, Joseph von

Personal Information

Born: 17??
Died: Budweis (České Budějovice) / Bohemia, 21.01.1832

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant: 1796
Oberst: 12.1799
Generalmajor: 01.09.1805 (w.r.f. 23.03.1805)
Retired: 07.10.1815

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Decoration of the Elisabeth Theresian Military Foundation: 1818

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

Amon, IR20, pp.294, 297, 317 | Auer, N°247 | May, IR35, p.127 | MilSchem | WZ, 18.11.1807

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 R30 Richter, Franz Xaver
Richter von Binnenthal, Franz Xaver
 
Personal Information
Born: Vienna, 10.07.1759
Died: Linz / Upper Austria, 11.08.1840

Family Status
Married: 1802 Maria Angelika Wilhelmine Freiin von Zach (1784-1855)
Son-in-law of Z1 (Zach)

Promotions
Major: 26.01.1797
Oberstleutnant: 17.10.1799
Oberst: 02.06.1805
Generalmajor: 18.05.18091
Feldmarschalleutnant: 02.09.1813
Feldzeugmeister (title a.h.): 08.02.1836
Retired: 08.02.1836

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Head of the topographical Institute of the Quartermaster General Staff: 1806-1816
Chief of the Quartermaster General Staff: 09.02.1813 – 03.1815
Military Commander in the Coastal Lands (Triest): 04.03.1815 – 11.1828
City and Fortress Commandant of Venice: 25.11.1828 – 08.02.1836
Adlatus of the Commanding General in Lombardo-Venetia: 17.12.1829 – 08.1830

Field Service (1792-1815)
Chief of the Quartermaster General Staff of the Army of Inner Austria: 07.-11.1813
Chief of the Quartermaster General Staff of the Army of Italy: 11.1813 – 03.1815

Elevation of Social Status
plain nobility: 26.05.1808 (with predicate: "von Binnenthal")

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Military Honor Cross 1813/14 (Army Cross 1813/14): ~ 1814
2nd Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°14: 07.10.1815 – 14.02.1832

Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°14: 15.02.1832 – 12.08.1840
I.R. Privy Councillor: 17.12.1829

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)


Biographical Essay (by Albrecht Zimburg)
Richter was not a general of great fame, but an interesting character whose life can be easily traced, because he wrote an autobiography describing his personal views of his military career. Born in Vienna as son of a lawyer, a military career was not the obvious choice. After graduating at the Latin Jesuit School in Temesvar he went back to Vienna to study Philosophy and higher Mathematics, again supported by Jesuits. His father, strongly opposed to early plans of a military career, had died already in 1773, but also his guardians prevented any steps towards a military life. In Vienna he graduated with outstanding success and got a job at the Civilian Mapping Corps and was sent to the Banat, where he got in contact with the Military Mapping Corps. He managed to swap places and started as a military “Mappierungskadett” on 06.07.1784. Supported by GM Wegeler and FZM Count Soro, he was soon promoted to Fähnrich in the Deutschbanater Grenzregiment (22.01.1785). He continued with his various mapping jobs until the outbreak of the war against Turkey. In between, he was nominally in the Broder Grenzregiment (1786), Warasdiner Grenzregiment (1786) and at the General Staff in Großwardein (1787-88).
On 29.05.1789, Richter finally got his promotion to Oberleutnant within the General Staff. That year he saw his first action near Belgrade and took part in the siege of that city. After the war he remained a General Staff officer. In 1792 he was sent to Milano to join the Army of Italy in a country, which became his “home” for nearly the whole years of war to come. Soon was he promoted to Hauptmann (30.06.1793), although he had to wait longer than he had anticipated. A main characteristic of his was that he did not actively pursue promotions and medals, because he detested asking favors of any kind. He tried to get recognition simply by doing a good job. But that was obviously not enough as one had to actively pursue recognition like the Military Order of Maria Theresia. The latter he thought he had earned for his conduct at the action at Cairo and Dego in 1794, where he saved the incompetent FML Colloredo-Mels from being completely destroyed and humiliated by the enemy. It was his conduct which saved the day. Only in 1802 he tried to get the necessary letters from his superior officers, but by then it was too late! He now would have needed the pension dearly which came together with the order as he wanted to get married. In 1795 he distinguished himself at Vado. In the course of Wurmser's attack to relieve Mantua he planned as Chief of Staff of FML Melas the taking of the Monte Baldo on 29.07.1796. He saw the Battle of Castiglione on 05.08.1776 and followed the retreat through Trento and the Bassano Valley, where he nearly got captured during a defensive action. Richter ended this campaign in Mantua where he stayed until the fall of the fortress. Promoted to Major on 26.01.1797, he became CoS of FML Hadik v. Futak who resided with his staff near Ljubljana (Laibach) at the castle of Hassenberg.
1798 he was part of the Army of the Southern Tyrol and during the spring campaign of 1799 part of Bellegarde’s Army of the Tyrol. He commanded a detachment and led a successful attack over the Schlappiner Joch on Klosters (CH). Bellegarde distinguished him for his good conduct. He took part in some fighting in Switzerland under FML Hadik, who commended him for the action at Airolo on 27.05.1799. During the French offensive on 13. and 14.08.1799 in Switzerland, Richter – as CoS of Oberst Strauch who commanded a brigade in Wallis (CH) – together with the main force got separated from the latter. He escaped with his men and guided about 2500 troops through the Binn(en)tal and over several mountain passes and valleys to safety all the way to Bellinzona, where he reunited with an overjoyed Oberst Strauch.
One of the most interesting parts he played in the famous march of FM Suvorov through the Alps end of September / beginning of October 1799. He acted as CoS of the Russian General Rosenberg, who part of the time led a detached corps. Only a few Austrian staff officers were detached to the Russian forces and to his dismay – he would rather have been sent with the other Austrian troops to sunny and warm Italy – Richter was one of the few. He fought at the Devil’s Bridge (25.09.1799), took part in the battle at the Muottatal (27./28.09.1799), saw there Cossacks butchering fleeing French, crossed with the whole Army the Panixer Pass (05./06.10.1799) in deep snow and witnessed the moral and physical degradation of the proud forces of Suvorov during that long march to safety.
After the Russians left the theatre of war, Richter finally got sent back to Italy where he arrived in Febuary 1800. Only there he discovered that he had been promoted to Oberstleutnant already on 17.10.1799. After various staff jobs he finally became CoS of FML Hohenzollern who was sent to take Genoa. He commanded a separate column at the action at Voltri on 17.04.1800 – with distinction. The siege and fall of Genoa was rendered useless as the Battle of Marengo on 14.07.1800 was lost. This year he also took part in the Battle on the Mincio on 25.12. where he felt a little lost after spending most of the wars until then in mountainous regions and never before took part in a big battle on a plain field. In 1801 he was kept in the General Staff in Italy. He took part in the mapping project of the Venetian Province led by GM Anton Freiherr von Zach where he was responsible for the mathematical aspects. Zach brought his family along to headquarters at Padua, where Richter fell in love with one of his daughters, Maria Angelika, and married her in Padua in 1802.
Promoted to Oberst in 1805, Richter was at the Army Headquarter of Archduke Charles. At the Battle of Caldiero he lost a horse. After the war he stayed again in active duty, this time in charge of the Topographical Office of the General Staff. In 1809 he was again in Archduke Charles’ staff and accompanied the ill-fated Brigade Thierry and  took part in the action of Abensberg. Separated from his headquarters in the turbulent aftermath of this fight and of the Battles of Regensburg and Eggmühl, it took him some time to meet up again with Archduke Charles in Bohemia. He was soon sent to explore defensive positions in southern Moravia and thus missed the victorious Battle of Aspern. Already as GM and as CoS of Bellegarde’s 1st  Army Corps he took then part in the Battle of Wagram and at the action at Znaim. After this campaign he returned to his topographical works.
At the outset of the next war he was put in charge of the General Staff (ad interim). His predecessor Radetzky had to leave this post and became Schwarzenberg’s CoS instead. Because of that, Radetzky apparently held a grudge against Richter who held this position nominally from 09.02.1813 – March 1815. From July 1813 on, he was also the CoS of the Army of Inner Austria (FZM Hiller and later FM Bellegarde). As such he participated in all major events of the Italian Campaign. Disappointed of the General Staff and the perceived maltreatment he received through the years but particularily during the last campaign he asked for a transfer and to leave the General Staff. Schwarzenberg liked and supported him. Finally he was appointed Military Commander in Trieste by 04.03.1815. A little later he was also appointed Military Commander of the Coastal Lands. Having not received any decorations (he did not ask for any) he finally got recognition for his career on 07.10.1815, when he was appointed Colonel Proprietor of IR 14 (2nd; full proprietor 15.02.1832).
He loved Trieste, but due to his large family (in 1822 his 9th child was born) he was space-wise and financially squeezed. His colleague FML Vetter v. Lilienberg who was then Military Commander of Venice, seized the opportunity and talked him into a switch of posts. Thus by 25.11.1828 he was appointed “Stadt- und Festungskommandant” of Venice. The switch as it turned out was not to Richter’s advantage. For a short period from 17.12.1829 until August 1830 he was acting commanding General of Lombardo-Venetia (ad interim). The French Revolution of 1830 ended this post quickly, as the commanding General Frimont had to take over and Richter was sent back to Venice.
Richter thought that he would stay in Venice until his end, but after the death of Emperor Francis I quite a few old Generals were sent into retirement. He could not escape this fate either and was retired on 08.02.1836 and promoted ad honores to Feldzeugmeister at the same time. Richter went to live in Linz, Upper Austria, where his Regiment (IR 14) was stationed and died there in 1840.

Printed Sources
Frank 4, p.171 | Frank-Döfering, 3652 | MilSchem (year 1841, p.532: wrong d. 12.08.1840 = burial date) | NDB 21, p.541f. (wrong: b. on 18.07.1759) | Nischer, Ernst: Österreichische Kartographen. Ihr Leben, Lehren und Wirken, Vienna 1925, p.149f. | Regele, p.31 | Regele, Oskar: Beiträge zur Geschichte der staatlichen Landesaufnahme und Kartographie in Österreich bis zum Jahre 1918, Vienna 1955, pp.35, 67, 73 | Wrede 1, p.210 | Wrede (6), p.41 | WZ, 25.11.1809, 09.09.1813 | Zimburg, Albrecht: FZM Richter von Binnenthal und seine Nachfahren. In: Adler, Bd.25 (XXXIX), 1st issue (January/March), 2009 | Zivkovic, Generalität, p.41 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, pp.60, 76, 111

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes
1) Patent from 31.03.1809



 
 R31 Ried, Wilhelm Georg von
 
Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: Ödenburg (Sopron) / Hungary, 13.01.1792

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 19.11.1783 (w.r.f. 08.11.1783)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Decoration of the Elisabeth Theresian Military Foundation: 1785

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Auer, N°251 | MilSchem

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 R32 Riedesel zu Eisenbach, (Johann) Wilhelm Freiherr
 
Personal Information
Born: 17351
Died: Vienna, 20.08.17982

Name Variants

also: Eysenbach

Family Status

Unmarried

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 30.09.1786 (w.r.f. 30.09.1786)
Retired: 1795

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Galéra, Karl Siegmar von: Die Riedesel zu Eisenbach. Vom Reich zum Rheinbund. 1713-1806 (= Geschichte des Geschlechts der Riedesel zu Eisenbach, Erbmarschälle zu Hessen, vol.5), Neustadt/Aisch 1961, pp.163 (genealogical table), 377ff. | MilSchem

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Schmidt-Brentano: 1736 (?)
2) Galéra: 19.08.1798 (?)


 
 R33 Riera, Karl
Riera von Rittersheim, Karl
 
Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: 25.04.1816

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant: 1793
Oberst: 12.12.1796
Generalmajor: 06.03.1800 (w.r.f. 13.03.1800)
Retired: 06.03.1800

Elevation of Social Status

plain nobility: 03.10.1801 (with predicate: "von Rittersheim")

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Amon, IR47, p.367 | Frank 4, p.173 | MilSchem | Strobl, IR17, vol.I, pp.109, 115, 117 / vol.II, p.3 (wrong: d. on 01.04.1818)

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 R34 Riesch, Johann Sig(is)mund Freiherr von
Riesch, Johann Sig(is)mund Graf von
 
Personal Information
Born: Vienna, 02.08.1750
Died: Neschwitz / Saxony, 02.11.1821

Family Status

Married (1): 1792 Theresia Josephine Gräfin Koháry (1767-1803)
Married (2): 1812 Amalie Adelheid von Schönberg (1791 - after 1867)

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst: 1788
Generalmajor: 03.07.1793 (w.r.f. 23.09.1791)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 04.03.1796 (w.r.f. 10.01.1796)
General der Kavallerie: 06.09.1808
Retired: 09.1810

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Adlatus of the Commanding General in Bohemia: 02.-11.1809

Field Service (1792-1815)

Commander of the Austrian forces at the combat of Schwanstadt: 18.12.1800 (–)
Commander of the Austrian forces at the combat of Elchingen: 14.10.1805 (–)

Elevation of Social Status

Graf: 22.05.1793

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)1

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 18.08.1801
Colonel-Proprietor of the Dragoon Regiment N°6: 11.06.1806 – 02.11.1821

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)

Johann Sigismund Freiherr (later Graf) von Riesch was born in Vienna on 2 August 1750; initially in Saxon army service, he transferred in 1773 to Austrian service as Oberleutnant in Chevauxleger Regiment N°1. He came to attention in the War of the Bavarian Succession in 1778-1779, as Rittmeister and in the wars against the Turks (1787-91) he rose to be Oberst and commander of Cuirassier Regiment N°14 "Nassau-Usingen". On 18 October 1788, he was distinguished in action at Bohotsch on the River Temes, in the Banat, where, with only three squadrons, he defeated a force of 800 Spahis. By this action, he saved the Infantry Regiment "Michael Wallis" N°11 and a pontoon bridge.
In 1793, he was in action on 16 March at Tirlemont where he was wounded. His charge decided the day. For this he was made Count in May of that year and promoted to Generalmajor shortly afterwards. Count Riesch was again distinguished in the clash at Maubeuge on 21 May 1794, when he drove off a superior French cavalry force.
In 1796 he was promoted to Feldmarschalleutnant and commanded a division in Baillet de Latour's Right Wing of FM Wurmser's Army of the Upper Rhine. On 18 April 1797, Riesch again was distinguished in the clash at Neuwied-Heddesdorf, where he saved the army's artillery and baggage train, as well as Kray's beaten corps.
On 25 March 1799, in the battle of Stockach, his division drove off d'Hautpoul's entire cavalry reserve from Liptingen, ensuring the Austrian victory, for which he received the Knight's Cross of the Military Maria Theresian Order, on 18 August 1801. At the 1st battle of Zürich, on 4 June, his division was in the centre under FZM Graf Wallis. In 1800 he commanded a cavalry division in southern Germany where he fought at Engen (3 May), Mösskirch (5 May) and commanded the left wing at the defeat in the battle of Hohenlinden on 3 December. FML Riesch was also involved in the combats of the withdrawal to Salzburg. In the 1805 campaign, he commanded a corps, which was crushed by Ney's VI Corps at Elchingen on 14 October.
The followoing year he was made Colonel Proprietor of Dragoon Regiment N°6. In September 1808, he was promoted to General der Kavallerie and in 1809, he commanded the Reserve (mostly Landwehr) which did not come into action. Riesch retired in 1810 and died on 2 November 1821 in Neschwitz, Saxony.

Printed Sources

ADB 28, p.575f. | Bodart, p.358, 364 | Frank 4, p.173 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.631ff. | Hollins, p.22f. | MD 4, p.174 | MD 8, p.152 | MilSchem | Pizzighelli, DR5, pp.52, 59 (wrong: GM in 06.1793), 250, 252 | Strobl, DR12, pp.116, 189 | Wenzlik-Ebert, p.28f. | Wrede 3, p.209 | Wurzbach 26, p.141ff. | WZ, 21.09.1808, 21.12.1808 | Zivkovic, Generalität, p.38 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, p.51

Internet Sources

Ebert (http://www.napoleon-online.de/AU_Generale/html/riesch.html)
Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Hirtenfeld: I.R. Privy Councillor and Chamberlain (?)


 
 R35 Riese, Friedrich Freiherr von
 
Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: 17.09.1833

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 15.08.1808
Retired: 1809

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

MilSchem | WZ, 03.09.1808

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 R36 Riese, Karl Freiherr von
 
Personal Information
Born: around 1730
Died: Auspitz (Hustopeče) / Moravia, 08.09.1806
 
Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 27.02.1793
Feldmarschalleutnant: 04.03.1796 (w.r.f. 07.01.1796)

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Fortress Commandant of Verona: ~1798-1801/02
Fortress Commandant of Palma Nova: 1801/02-1805

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°15: 1801 – 08.09.1806

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Amon, IR20, pp.215, 240 | MilSchem | Wrede 1, p.218

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 R37 Rindsmaul, Christian Heinrich Georg Graf von
 
Personal Information
Born: Graz / Styria, 23.04.17261
Died: Preßburg (Pozsony, Bratislava) / Hungary, 07.11.1799

Name Variants

also: Rindtsmaul

Family Status

Married: 1768 Marie Thérèse Alexandrine de Lichtervelde (1737-1823)

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 01.05.1773 (w.r.f. 24.11.1768)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

MilSchem

Internet Sources

Bastin (http://www.nobily.be/GENEALOGIE/pafg4507.htm)
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) also 13.04.1725 (Schmidt-Brentano) (?) or 23.04.1725 (Bastin) (?)


 
 R38 Ringelsheim, Georg von
 
Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: Mit(t)rowitz / (Bohemia or Syrmia ?), 22.08.1811

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 22.07.1809
Retired: 1809

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

MilSchem | WZ, 25.11.1809

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 R39 Ripke, Ludwig Rudolf von
Ripke, Ludwig Rudolf Freiherr von
 
Personal Information
Born: Meinersen / Hannover, 1723
Died: Vienna, 04.02.1796

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant: 1763
Oberst: 1771
Generalmajor: 26.06.1773

Elevation of Social Status

Freiherr: 14.01.1764

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 23.01.1760

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Frank 4, p.175 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.113f. (wrong: GM in 1776) | MD 8, p.153 | MilSchem | Wurzbach 26, p.174f.

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 R40 Rodizcky von Sipp, Andreas
 
Personal Information
Born: 20.11.1752
Died: Warasdin (Varaždin, Varasd) / Croatia, 17.05.1835
 
Name Variants
also: Roditzky

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 15.07.1812
Feldmarschalleutnant: 1822
Retired: 04.11.1822

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Order of Leopold – KC: 15.06.1816

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

MilSchem | WZ, 05.09.1812, 29.06.1816, 16.07.1816

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 R41 Roë, (named) Monroë, (Anton) Eugen von
 
Personal Information
Born: Damblain / Lorraine / France, 21.01.1740
Died: Brünn (Brno) / Moravia, 13.08.1816

Name Variants

(French) Antoine-Eugène de Roë (dit:) Monroë
In Austria called: "Monroë"

Family Status

Brother of R42
Married: 1800 Antonia von Sterneck

Promotions

Major: 01.05.1784
Oberstleutnant: 1793
Oberst: 1795
Generalmajor: 01.03.1797 (w.r.f. 05.03.1797)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)



Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

MilSchem | Petiot, p.440f. | Wenke, DR1, p.275

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 R42 Roë, (named) Monroë, Franz Joseph von
 
Personal Information
Born: Damblain / Lorraine / France, 23.07.1738
Died: Brünn (Brno) / Moravia, 28.03.1801

Name Variants

(French) François-Joseph de Roë dit Monroë
In Austria called: "De la Roë"

Family Status

Brother of R41

Promotions

Major: 1790
Oberstleutnant: 1791
Oberst: 23.03.1793
Generalmajor: 06.09.1796 (w.r.f. 31.05.1796)
Retired: 04.09.1800

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Guillaume, p.385 | MilSchem | Petiot, p.441

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 R43 Rogoisky von Rohoznik, Franz von
 
Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: Graz / Styria, 07.05.1810

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 25.02.1795 (w.r.f. 01.06.1794)
Retired: 02.1800

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Fortress Commandant of Peschiera: ~1799(-1800 ?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Decoration of the Elisabeth Theresian Military Foundation: 1802

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Auer, N°238 (wrong: "Ragoisky") | MilSchem | WZ, 15.08.1810

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 R44 Rohan-Guéméné, Julius Armand Ludwig Fürst von
 
Personal Information
Born: Versailles / France, 20.10.1768
Died: Sichrov (Sychrov) / Bohemia, 13.01.1836

Name Variants
(French) Jules-Armand-Louis de Rohan, Prince de Guéméné

Family Status

Brother of R45 and R46
Married: 1800 Katharina Friederike Herzogin von Sagan, Prinzessin Biron von Kurland (1781-1839), divorced: 1805

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 06.12.1801 (w.r.f. 10.02.1801)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)



Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

France:
Military Order of St. Louis – KC: 07.08.1816

Printed Sources

Aubert de La-Chenaye Desbois, Francois-Alexandre: Genealogie des Hauses Rohan. Nach dem Dictionnaire de la Noblesse, pag.245 und die folgenden, Prague 1857, p.43 | MilSchem | Pettenegg, Eduard Gaston Graf von: Zur Genealogie des Hauses Rohan, Vienna 1883, p.13 | WZ, 17.03.1810

Internet Sources

Marek (http://genealogy.euweb.cz/rohan/rohan5.html)
Saint-Louis
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 R45 Rohan-Guéméné, Karl Alois Gabriel Fürst von
 
Personal Information
Born: Versailles / France, 18.01.1764
Died: Sichrov (Sychrov) / Bohemia, 24.04.1836

Name Variants
(French) Charles-Alain-Gabriel de Rohan, Prince de Guéméné, Duc de Montbazon et Bouillon

Family Status

Brother of R44 and R46
Married: 1781 Louise-Aglaë Marquise de Conflans (1763-1819)

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst: 06.1798
Generalmajor: 29.10.1800 (w.r.f. 18.01.1801)
Feldmarschalleutnant (title a.h.): 02.09.1807
Quit: 1815

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Order of the Golden Fleece: 23.11.1823
Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 18.08.1801

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

Aubert de La-Chenaye Desbois, Francois-Alexandre: Genealogie des Hauses Rohan. Nach dem Dictionnaire de la Noblesse, pag.245 und die folgenden, Prague, 1857, p.44 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.642ff. (wrong: d. Prague / FML on 01.02.1836) | MD 4, p.183 | MilSchem | Pettenegg, Eduard Gaston Graf von: Zur Genealogie des Hauses Rohan, Vienna 1883 | Vlies-Orden, p.188, N°893 | Wurzbach 26, p.279ff. | WZ, 26.09.1807

Internet Sources

Boettger
Jewison/Steiner
Marek (http://genealogy.euweb.cz/rohan/rohan5.html)
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 R46 Rohan-Guéméné, Ludwig Victor Fürst von
 
Personal Information
Born: Versailles / France, 20.07.1766
Died: Sichrov (Sychrov) / Bohemia, 10.12.1846

Name Variants
(French) Louis-Victor-Meriadec de Rohan, Prince de Guéméné, Duc de Montbazon et de Bouillon

Family Status

Brother of R44 and R45
Married: 1802 Bertha Prinzessin Rohan-Guéméné (1782-1841)

Promotions

France:
[rank]:
Great Britain:
[rank]:
Into Austrian service: 1794
Oberst: 10.1794
Generalmajor: 23.01.1801 (w.r.f. 13.02.1801)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 04.05.1809
Quit: 1810

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 28.05.1806
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°21: 1808-1810

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)

Louis-Victor-Meriadec de Rohan, Prince de Guéméné, Duc de Montbazon et de Bouillon was born on 20 July 1766 in Versailles. In 1789 he fled to Germany to fight against revolutionay France. In 1794 he entered Austrian service as Oberst and on 23 January 1801, he was promoted to Generalmajor. In 1805 he commanded a brigade in the Tyrol under Archduke John. He became cut off from his main body and decided to go south, to join up with FML Freiherr von Hiller's rearguard of Archduke Charles's army in Bozen, South Tyrol. On 10 November 1805, he set off from Landeck, southwards for Bozen via Nauders; on the way, GM Prince Rohan heard that Hiller had already left Bozen, to withdraw north over the Brenner Pass, into Austria. Rohan thus continued south for Glurns, which he reached on 12 November. Next day he was at Schlanders; here (on 14 or 15 November) he heard that Archduke Charles had also decided to go north, through the Puster valley, from Maren to Sterzing (Vipitino). He was thus isolated with his 7 battalions, 10 squadrons and 5 guns (4,400 men in all) and decided to try to fight his way through to Venice, through Marshal Massena's Army of Italy, and GdD Gouvion St. Cyr's blockading force. On 18 November, Prince Rohan stormed and took Bozen. He then marched south, down the River Etsch; on 20 November, he reached Trient. Here, he turned east, into the Val Sugana; on 21 he passed through Borgo, next day he reached Primolano, where he turned south for Venice. On the night of 22/23 November, he overran the small garrison of Bassano, which consisted of part of GdD Jean-Matthieu Séras' division. On the evening of 23 November, Rohan reached Castelfranco, 40 km north-west of Venice. Next morning, he was confronted with GdD Reynier's division; there was a sharp fight, then St. Cyr's division also came up and Rohan (now wounded) had to surrender. For his distinguished behavior during the campaign of 1805 the Emperor awarded him the Military Maria Theresian Order (Knight's Cross) on 28 May 1806.
In 1808, the prince was appointed Proprietor of Infantry Regiment N°21 and on 4 May 1809, he was promoted to Feldmarschalleutnant. In this year, he commanded a division in FML Fürst von Orsini-Rosenberg's IV Corps. He fought at Aspern and Wagram, being badly wounded on 6 July. The following year Prince Rohan retired to his estate in Bohemia where he died on 10 December 1846.

Printed Sources

Aubert de La-Chenaye Desbois, Francois-Alexandre: Genealogie des Hauses Rohan. Nach dem Dictionnaire de la Noblesse, pag.245 und die folgenden, Prague, 1857, p.44 | Hirtenfeld 2, p.803ff. | MD 4, p.183 | MilSchem | Pettenegg, Eduard Gaston Graf von: Zur Genealogie des Hauses Rohan, Vienna 1883 | Wrede 1, p.265 | Wurzbach 26, p.281f. | WZ, 23.01.1808

Internet Sources

Ebert (http://www.napoleon-online.de/AU_Generale/html/rohan.html)
Jewison/Steiner
Marek (http://genealogy.euweb.cz/rohan/rohan5.html)
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 R47 Rollin, Franz von
 
Personal Information
Born: around 1740
Died: Vienna, 07.01.1812

Promotions

Major: 16.10.1780
Oberstleutnant: 19.04.1784
Oberst: 04.01.1788
Generalmajor: 06.03.1792
Feldmarschalleutnant: 12.05.1796 (w.r.f. 18.11.1795)

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Adjutant-General to Emperor Francis II./I.: 03.1792 – 08.1796 / 10.1798 – 1808

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Amon, IR47, p.286 | MilSchem | Wrede (6), p.18 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, p.39

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 R48 Roos, Andreas Nikolaus von
Roos, Andreas Nikolaus Freiherr von
 
Personal Information
Born: Brussels (Bruxelles) / Austrian Netherlands, 30.04.1745 (baptism)
Died: Vienna (Prague?), 03.02.18141

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant: ~1789
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 17.03.1797 (w.r.f. 04.05.1797)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 01.09.1805 (w.r.f. 10.09.1805)
Feldzeugmeister: 27.04.1813
Retired: 27.04.1813

Elevation of Social Status

Freiherr: 27.10.1793

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 19.12.1790

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Frank 4, p.187 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.323f. (wrong: b. 1739) | MD 8, p.161 | MilSchem | Wurzbach 26, p.334f. | WZ, 11.05.1813, 08.06.1813, 03.06.1814 | Zivkovic, Generalität, p.39

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Schmidt-Brentano: 04.02.1814 (?)


 
 R49 Rosenberg, Wilhelm Freiherr von
 
Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: (Esseg [Osjek, Eszék] / Slavonia ?), 20.11.1801

Promotions

Major: 17.08.1772
Oberstleutnant: 16.10.1785
Oberst: 19.05.1788
Generalmajor: 03.01.17921 (w.r.f. 21.10.1791)

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Fortress Commandant of Esseg: 1792 – 20.11.1801

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Amon, IR4, pp.186, 206, 213, 236 | MilSchem

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Amon, IR4, p.236: 31.12.1791 ... "mit Generalmajors-Charakter pensioniert" (retired with rank of major general) (?)


 
 R50 Ross, Johann Karl von
Ross von Rosenbach, Johann Karl Freiherr
 
Personal Information
Born: around 1727
Died: Vienna, 19.06.1800

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 18.10.1786 (w.r.f. 15.10.1786)

Elevation of Social Status

Freiherr: 24.08.1786 (with predicate: "von Rosenbach")

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Frank 4, p.191 | MilSchem

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 R51 Rosselmini, Gerhard Ritter von
 
Personal Information
Born: around 1742
Died: Vicenza / Venetia, 19.11.1796

Name Variants

also: Roszelmini

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: (24.02.?)1794 (w.r.f. 20.02.1794 ?)

Chivalric Order

Knight of the Order of Malta

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

MilSchem

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 R52 Rosty de Barkócz, Ignaz
 
Personal Information
Born: around 1737
Died: Vienna, 03.09.1803

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 12.02.1790
Feldmarschalleutnant: 03.1803 (w.r.f. 24.05.1803)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

MilSchem

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 R53 Roszowski, Karl Freiherr von
 
Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: Fünfkirchen (Pécs) / Hungary, 22.12.18081

Name Variants

also: Roschowsky, Rossowsky

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 29.10.1800 (w.r.f. 27.11.1800)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

MilSchem | WZ, 11.02.1809

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Schmidt-Brentano: 12.11.1808 (?)


 
 R54 Roth, Joseph von
 
Personal Information
Born: Güns (Köszeg) / Com. Eisenburg (Vas) / Hungary, 22.04.1741
Died: Preßburg (Pozsony, Bratislava) / Hungary, 26.02.1824

Promotions
Major: 1782 (1784?)
Oberstleutnant: 1786 (1787?)
Oberst: 1789
Generalmajor: 29.12.1793 (w.r.f. 20.12.1793)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Leitner 2, p.63 | MilSchem | Svoboda 1, col.25 (wrong: d. 26.02.1821) | Victorin, DR7, pp.210 (Major in 1784 ? / Obstlt in 1787 ?), 403f. (Obstlt in 1786 ?), 406 (Major in 1782 ?), 438

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 R55 Roth, Konstantin von
 
Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: after 1807

Promotions
Major: 20.12.1778
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 1796

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Amon, IR4, p.196 | MilSchem (mentioned only until year 1807)

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 R56 Roth, Johann Georg
Roth von Pongyelkó, Johann Georg Freiherr
 
Personal Information
Born: 1726
Died: St. Michael an der Raab (Rába Szent-Mihály) / Com. Eisenburg (Vas) / Hungary, 26.08.1799

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 23.02.1788 (w.r.f. 17.02.1788)

Elevation of Social Status

Freiherr: 22.03.1790 (with predicate: "von Pongyelkó")

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Frank 4, p.195 | MilSchem

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 R57 Rothkirch und Panthen, Leopold Freiherr von
Rothkirch und Panthen, Leopold Graf von
 
Personal Information
Born: Pavia / Lombardy, 01.02.17691
Died: Vienna, 29.03.1839

Family Status
Married: 1802 Maria Anna Gräfin von Pötting und Persing (1778-1820)

Promotions

Major: 01.05.1800
Oberstleutnant: 01.09.1805
Oberst: 1806
Generalmajor: 24.05.18092
Feldmarschalleutnant: 30.04.18153

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Military Commander in Silesia (Troppau): 05.1826 – 07.1831
Commanding General in Transylvania: 07.1831 – 03.1833

Elevation of Social Status

Graf: 22.01.1826

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

2nd Colonel-Proprietor of the Dragoon Regiment N°4: 1826 – 29.03.1839
I.R. Privy Councillor: 18324
I.R. Chamberlain: 1811

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Russia:
Order of St. Vladimir 3rd cl.: ~ 1813
Sardinia-Piedmont:
Order of St. Maurice and St. Lazarus – GC: 1823
Tuscany:
Order of St. Joseph – GC: 1839

Printed Sources

Frank, 7847 | Hoen, 1809/IV, p.802, note 1 | Leitner 2, p.145 | MD 4, p.190 | MilSchem | ÖMZ, year 1840, vol.1, p.48ff.: Karl von Smola: Nekrolog des k.k. Feldmarschall-Lieutenants Leopold Graf Rothkirch | Svoboda 1, col.146f. | Wurzbach 27, p.112f. | WZ, 08.05.1815 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, pp.58, 74

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) ÖMZ: 12.02.1768 (?) / Svoboda 1, col.146: 01.02.1768 (?)
2) ÖMZ: w.r.f. 18.05.1809 (?)
3) ÖMZ / Svoboda 1, col.146: 15.04.1815 (?)
4) Svoboda 1, col.146: 1831 (?)


 
 R58 Rottenberg, Franz Joseph Freiherr von
 
Personal Information
Born: Freiburg im Breisgau / Anterior Austria, 04.1732
Died: Vienna, 07.12.1812

Promotions
Major: 22.10.1774
Oberstleutnant: 01.07.1779
Oberst: 04.06.1789
Generalmajor: 31.12.1791
Retired: 31.12.1791

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Buschek, IR23, I, pp.504, 517, 537f., 554, 816, 940 | MilSchem | WZ, 02.02.1813

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale (wrong: GM on 03.01.1782 "[Char.] und i.R.")


 
 R59 Rottermund, Heinrich Graf von
 
Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: 05.01.1815

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 20.01.1804 (w.r.f. 17.12.1802)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 24.05.1809

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Hoen, 1809/IV, p.802, note 1 | MilSchem | Paskovits, p.77

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 R60 Rousseau d’Heriamont, Franz
 
Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: Vienna, 15.02.18351

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 02.10.1799
Retired: 01.01.1806

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

City and Fortress Vice-Commandant of Venice: 1801 – 01.01.1806

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Guillaume, p.194f. | MilSchem

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Schmidt-Brentano: 17.02.1835 (?)


 
 R61 Rousseau d’Happancourt, Franz Ludwig
Rousseau d’Happancourt, Franz Ludwig Ritter
 
Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: Prague (Praha) / Bohemia, 16.01.1853

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant: 1805
Oberst: 1808
Generalmajor: 28.03.1813
Retired: 07.10.1815

Elevation of Social Status

Ritter: 30.06.1817

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

Frank 4, p.197 | Frank-Döfering, 3751 | MilSchem | Soldatenfreund, year 1853, N°7 (from 22.01.1853), p.53 (wrong: GM in 1812)

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 R62 Roussel d’Hurbal, Franz Nikolaus
Roussel d’Hurbal, Franz Nikolaus Baron
Roussel d’Hurbal, Franz Nikolaus Vicomte
 
Personal Information
Born: Neufchâteau / Lorraine / France, 07.09.17631
Died: 25.03.1849

Name Variants
(French) Nicolas-François / Baron / Vicomte Roussel d’Hurbal

Family Status

Unmarried

Promotions

Major: 01.03.1802
Oberstleutnant: 02.09.1804
Oberst: 01.01.1807
Generalmajor: 24.05.1809
Quit: E.05.1811
Into French service: 31.07.1811
General of Brigade: 31.07.1811
General of Division: 04.12.1812

Elevation of Social Status

France:
Baron: 26.02.1814
Vicomte: 17.08.18222

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 28.05.1806 / CC: 11.1809

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

France:
Military Order of St. Louis – KC: 19.07.1814 / CC: 07.09.1823
Order of the Légion d'Honneur – CC: 03.04.1814 / GOC: 26.04.1846
Spain:
Military Order of St. Ferdinand – GC: 04.11.18233

Printed Sources

Hirtenfeld 2, p.877ff. | Hoen, 1809/IV, p.802, note 1 | MilSchem | Petiot, p.444f. (wrong: Obstlt in 1805 / d. 04.1849) | Six 2, p.399f. | Wrede, DR6, p.655 (wrong: b. 1765), 670, 928 | Wurzbach 27, p.174f.

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Saint-Louis
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Petiot: 05.09.1763 (?)
2) Petiot: 11.01.1823 (?)
3) Date of the Imperial permission to wear the order


 
 R63 Rouvroy, Johann Georg Karl Freiherr von
 
Personal Information
Born: Großenhain / Saxony, 11.01.1754
Died: 15.11.1816

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant: 1789
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 01.03.1797 (w.r.f. 01.02.1797)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 29.10.1800 (w.r.f. 28.10.1800)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 07.07.1794
Colonel-Proprietor of the Artillery Regiment N°3: 09.1804 – 15.11.1816

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

(ADB 29, p.408) | Frank 4, p.198 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.415f. | MilSchem | (Wrede) 4, p.477 | Wurzbach 27, p.177f. (wrong: b. around 1770)

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 R64 Ruault de la Bonnerie, Johann Baptist Graf
 
Personal Information
Born: Paris / France, 04.02.1744
Died: (Graz / Styria ?), 14.05.1818

Name Variants

(French) Jean-Baptiste-André-Isidore Comte Ruault de la Bonnerie

Promotions

France:
Marechal-de-Camp: 20.08.1792
Into Austrian service: 05.04.1793
Oberst:
Retired: 08.1798
Reactivated: ?
Generalmajor: 22.03.1804 (w.r.f. 23.12.1802)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)



Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

France:
Military Order of St. Louis – KC

Printed Sources

MilSchem | Six 2, p.404

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 R65 Rüdt von Collenberg und Schwangau, Karl Freiherr
 
Personal Information
Born: Bödigheim Castle / Mainz (electorate), 18.06.1756
Died: Occhiobello / Venetia, 24.09.1800

Promotions
Major: 22.03.1797
Oberstleutnant: 07.05.1797
Oberst: 25.04.17981
Generalmajor: 06.09.18002

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Amon, IR47, pp.371, 373f. | Dragoni, IR45, pp.212f., 218 | MilSchem | Rupprecht, IR60, pp.2, 4, appendix, p.1

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Rupprecht, IR60, p.2: 26.04.1798 (?)
2) Dragoni, IR45, p.218: 05.09.1800 (?)


 
 R66 Rüffer, Joseph von
 
Personal Information
Born: Sprendlingen near Frankfurt / Isenburg, 13.12.1753
Died: Vienna, 10.09.1811

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst: 1800
Generalmajor: 1806 (w.r.f. 28.04.1805)
Retired: 1809

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Leitner 2, p.97 | MilSchem | Svoboda 1, col.92 | Wurzbach 27, p.236

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Svoboda: "Prenlingen bei Frankfurt" (presumably: Sprendlingen)


 
 R67 Ruggeri, Camillo Gilberto Freiherr von
 
Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: after 1848

Name Variants

also: Rougier

Promotions

Italy:
Brigade-General:
Into Austrian service: 1814
Generalmajor: 02.07.1814
Feldmarschalleutnant: 20.09.1830
Retired: 01.04.1835

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Order of the Iron Crown 2nd cl.
2nd Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°11

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

France:
Order of the Légion d'Honneur – OC

Printed Sources

MilSchem (only mentioned until year 1848) | WZ, 07.08.1814

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale ("Rougier")


 
 R68 Ruiz de Rojas, Joseph Nikolaus Ritter
 
Personal Information
Born: around 1759
Died: Graz / Styria, 10.06.1844

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 17.06.1809
Retired: 1809

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Decoration of the Elisabeth Theresian Military Foundation: 1824

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

Auer, N°261 | Buschek, IR23, I, pp.704, 706 | MilSchem | WZ, 25.11.1809

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 R69 Rukavina, Mathias
Rukavina von Boynograd, Mathias Ritter
Rukavina von Boynograd, Mathias Freiherr
 
Personal Information
Born: Tarnovac (Trnovac) / Croatia, 1737
Died: Penzing near Vienna, 03.05.1817

Name Variants

wrong: Bonyograd (!)

Promotions

Major: 1778
Oberstleutnant: 1786
Oberst: 12.1789
Generalmajor: 01.05.1795 (w.r.f. 09.03.1794)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 10.04.1801 (w.r.f. 08.04.1801)
Retired: 1804

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Military Commander in Dalmatia (Zara): 07.1797 – 10.1803

Elevation of Social Status

Ritter: 15.10.1779 (with predicate: "von Boynograd")
Freiherr: 16.10.1797

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 10.08.1796
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°52: 1803-1804
2nd Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°52: 1804 – 03.05.1817

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

Frank 4, p.205 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.500f. | MilSchem | Wrede 1, p.478 | Wurzbach 27, p.251f. | Zivkovic, Heerführer, p.70

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 R70 Rupp, Joseph (von)
 
Personal Information
Born: around 1757
Died: Vienna, 15.12.1806

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 1806 (w.r.f. 26.04.1805)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

MilSchem

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 R71 Russo, Joseph Anton von
Russo von Aspernbrand, Joseph Anton Freiherr
 
Personal Information
Born: Lüttich (Luik, Liège) / Austrian Netherlands, 06.07.1751
Died: Verona / Venetia, 25.05.1840

Family Status

Married: 1790 Ernestine Freiin Wrazda (Vražda) von Kunwald
 
Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant: 02./03.1808
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 05.12.1813
Feldmarschalleutnant: 21.03.1827
Feldzeugmeister (title a.h.): 13.06.1834
Retired: 13.06.1834

Elevation of Social Status

Freiherr: 06.03.1812 (with predicate: "von Aspernbrand")

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 24.10.1809
Colonel-Proprietor of the Artillery Regiment N°5: 1822 – 25.05.1840

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

Frank 4, p.207 | Frank-Döfering, 3778 | Hirtenfeld 2, p.1035 | MD 8, p.170 | MilSchem | Wurzbach 27, p.297f. | WZ, 09.03.1808, 22.04.1812 | Zivkovic, Generalität, p.41

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 R72 Rutant, Johann Edmund von
Rutant, Johann Edmund Graf von
 
Personal Information
Born: Nancy / Lorraine, 26.02.1736
Died: Vienna, 19.07.1794

Name Variants

(French) Jean-Edme Comte de Rutant
wrong: Ruttant

Family Status

Married: ~ 1779 [N.] Gräfin Rodouan

Promotions

Major: 1766
Oberstleutnant: 1769
Oberst: 1773
Generalmajor: 10.04.1783 (w.r.f. 16.03.1783)

Elevation of Social Status

France:
Comte: 03.05.1779

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 21.10.1762

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)


Printed Sources

Guillaume, p.381 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.163f. (wrong: b. 1737) | MilSchem | Petiot, p.449f. | Wurzbach 27, p.310f.

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale (wrong: b. 1737)


 
 R73 Rziczan, Ferdinand Freiherr von
 
Personal Information
Born: "Wiebau" (n.l.) / Bohemia, 01.09.1738
Died: 29.03.1817

Promotions

Major: 01.05.1784
Oberstleutnant: 13.07.1785
Oberst: 13.08.1789
Generalmajor: 23.09.1796 (w.r.f. 25.02.1794)
Retired: 1801

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Dedekind, DR11, pp.228, 664, 774 | Leitner 2, p.48 | MilSchem | Svoboda 1, col.17

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
 


Placed on the Napoleon Series: August 2008

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