Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics



By Leopold Kudrna, with Biographical Essays by Digby Smith.




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Austrian Generals
1792-1815


S
 
Part 1
 
Saamen  to  Smola





 S1 Saamen, Friedrich Freiherr von
 
Personal Information
Born: around 1719
Died: 18.08.1803

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst
Generalmajor: 12.08.1788 (w.r.f. 06.08.1788)
Retired: 1792

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
MilSchem

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 S2 Sachsen-Coburg-Saalfeld, Christian Franz Prinz von
 
Personal Information
Born: Coburg / Saxony-Coburg, 25.01.1730
Died: Coburg / Saxony-Coburg, 18.09.1797

Family Status
Brother of S5
Uncle of S6

Promotions

Major: –
Oberstleutnant: 1751
Oberst: 12.1756
Generalmajor: 08.01.1763 (w.r.f. 10.07.1758)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Prussia:
Order of the Red Eagle ?.cl.: before 1796

Printed Sources

Hödl, IR29, pp.90, 98, 647 (wrong: b. 1728 / Oberst in 1757) | MilSchem

Internet Sources

Marek (http://genealogy.euweb.cz/wettin/wettin8.html)
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 S3 Sachsen-Coburg-Saalfeld, Ernst Anton Karl Prinz von
Sachsen-Coburg-Saalfeld, Ernst I. Anton Karl Herzog von
Sachsen-Coburg und Gotha, Ernst I. Anton Karl Herzog von
 
Personal Information
Born: Coburg / Saxony-Coburg, 02.01.1784
Died: Coburg / Saxony-Coburg, 29.01.1844

Family Status

Nephew of S6
Brother of S4
Brother-in-law of M31 (Mensdorff-Pouilly)
Married (1): 1817 Luise Prinzessin von Sachsen-Gotha (1800-1831), div. 1826
Married (2): 1832 Marie Herzogin von Württemberg (1799-1860)

Promotions

Russia:
Generalmajor: 31.03.[19.03.]1801
Generalleutnant: 28.12.[16.12.]1813
General der Kavallerie: 18.12.[06.12.]1832
Saxony:
General der Kavallerie:
Austria:
General der Kavallerie: 16.09.1815

Elevation of Social Status / Change of Title

Regierender Herzog (souvereign prince): 09.12.1806
Regierender Herzog von Sachsen-Gotha (souvereign prince of Soxony-Gotha): 12.11.1826
Change of title to: "Sachsen-Coburg und Gotha": 12.11.1826

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Order of St. Stephen – GC: 1820
Colonel-Proprietor of the Uhlan Regiment N°1: 1815 – 29.01.1844

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Great Britain:
Order of the Garter: 16.07.1838
Prussia:
Order of the Black Eagle
Order of the Red Eagle 1st cl.
Russia:
Order of St. Andrew
Order of St. Alexander-Nevskij
Order of St. Anne 1st cl.
Saxony:
Order of the Rue Crown
Military Order of St. Henry – GC: E. 1815

Printed Sources

ADB 6, p.313 | Keerl, Erich: Herzog Ernst I. von Sachsen-Coburg zwischen Napoleon und Metternich. Ein deutscher Kleinstaat im politischen Kräftespiel der Grossmächte 1800-1830, Ph.D. thesis, Erlangen, 1973 (Ed. as photo-offset-print), p.88 and passim | MilSchem | NDB 4, p.620f. | Wrede 3, p.319 | WZ, 20.10.1815, 09.01.1816 | Zivkovic, Generalität, p.40

Internet Sources

Marek (http://genealogy.euweb.cz/wettin/wettin8.html)
Podmazo, Alexander: Internet-Projekt 1812 (http://www.museum.ru/museum/1812/Persons/russ/ra_s08.html)
Rayment
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
Theroff (http://pages.prodigy.net/ptheroff/gotha/saxony.html)


 
 S4 Sachsen-Coburg-Saalfeld, Ferdinand Georg August Prinz von
Sachsen-Coburg-Koháry, Ferdinand Georg August Herzog von
 
Personal Information
Born: Coburg / Saxony-Coburg, 28.03.1785
Died: Vienna, 27.08.1851

Name Variants
In military service 1813 under his pseudonym "Graf Sorbenburg"

Family Status

Brother of S3
Nephew of S6
Brother-in-law of M31 (Mensdorff-Pouilly)
Married: 1815 Marie Antonia Prinzessin Koháry de Csábrág (1797-1862)

Promotions

Major: 29.09.18041
Oberstleutnant: 06.08.1805
Oberst: 15.09.1808
Generalmajor: 03.04.1811
Left service: 1811
Into Austrian service again:1813
Feldmarschalleutnant: 28.12.1824
General der Kavallerie: 11.06.1841
On leave: 01.04.1830
Quit: 03.04.1841

Elevation of Social Status / Change of Title

Herzog: 1826
Change of title to "Sachsen-Coburg-Koháry": 1826

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 1810 / CC: 1815 (1816?)
Colonel-Proprietor of the Uhlan Regiment N°2: 08.05.1822 – 1828
Colonel-Proprietor of the Hussar Regiment N°8: 22.11.1828 – 27.08.1851

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Baden:
Order of the Lion of Zähringen – GC: 1844
Belgium:
Order of Leopold – GC: 1834
France:
Order of the Légion d'Honneur – GC: 1840
Great Britain:
Order of Bath – GC: 1839/40
Hannover:
Guelphic Order – GC: 1819
Portugal:
Order of Christ – GC: 1839
Order of the Tower and the Sword – GC: 1839
Prussia:
Order of the Red Eagle 1st cl.
Russia:
Order of St. George 4th cl.: 18152
Saxony:
Order of the Rue Crown: E. 1815
Combined Saxonian Duchies:
Ernestinian House Order – GC: 1834

Printed Sources

ADB 6, p.709f. | Hirtenfeld 2, p.1127ff. | MilSchem | ÖBL 9, p.370f. | ÖMKL 1, p.716f. (wrong: FML on 22.11.1828 !) | Soldatenfreund, year 1851, N°106 (from 04.09.1851), p.425 | Wrede 3, pp.271, 325 | Wurzbach 2, p.392ff. | WZ, 05.10.1808, 09.01.1816 | Zivkovic, Generalität, p.42

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Marek (http://genealogy.euweb.cz/wettin/wettin8.html)
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
Theroff (http://pages.prodigy.net/ptheroff/gotha/saxony.html)
Vederman

Notes

1) Soldatenfreund: 27.09.1804 (?)
2) Vederman: 21.[09.]09.1813 (?)


 
 S5 Sachsen-Coburg-Saalfeld, Friedrich Josias Prinz von
 
Personal Information
Born: Coburg / Saxony-Coburg, 26.12.1737
Died: Coburg / Saxony-Coburg, 26.02.1815

Family Status
Brother of S2
Uncle of S6
Married (morganatic): 1789 Therese Stroffek

Promotions

Major: – 1
Oberstleutnant: 16.04.17582
Oberst: 16.01.17593
Generalmajor: 30.07.1766 (w.r.f. 04.01.1759)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 01.05.1773 (w.r.f. 08.10.1767)
General der Kavallerie: 22.08.1786 (w.r.f. 03.02.1785)
Feldmarschall: 03.10.1789 (w.r.f. 01.10.1789)
Holy Roman Empire:
Reichs-Generalfeldmarschall: 18.02.17934 / 08.04.17935

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Commanding General ad interim in Moravia and Silesia: 12.1778 – 06.1779
Commanding General in Galicia and the Bukovina: 10.1786 – 09.1790
Commanding General in Hungary and Governor of the Military Border: 23.09.1790 – 09.1794

Field Service (1790-1815)

Commander of the autonomous Corps in Galicia: 10.1787 – 01.1790
Commander of the autonomous Corps in Walachia: 01.1790 – 10.1790
Commander-in-Chief of the Army of the Netherlands: 02.1793 – 08.1794
Commander of the Austrian forces at the battle of Aldenhoven: 01.03.1793 (+)
Commander of the Austrian forces at the battle of Neerwinden: 18.03.1793 (+)
Commander of the Austrian forces at the battle of Löwen (Pellenberg): 23.03.1793 (+)
Commander of the Austrian forces at the battle of Raismes: 08.05.1793 (+)
Commander of the Austrian forces at the battle of Famars: 23.05.1793 (+)
Commander of the Allied forces during the siege of Valenciennes: 25.05. – 27.07.1793 (+)
Commander of the Allied forces during the siege of Maubeuge: 30.09. – 16.10.1793 (–)
Commander of the Austrian forces at the battle of Wattignies: 15./16.10.1793 (–)
Commander of the Austrian forces at the battle of Catillon: 17.04.1794 (+)
Commander of the Austrian forces at the battle of Cateau Cembrésis (Troisville): 26.04.1794 (+)
Commander of the Austrian forces at the battle of Tourcoing: 18.05.1794 (–)
Commander of the Austrian forces at the battle of Tournay (Pont-à-Chin): 22.05.1794 (+)
Commander of the Austrian forces at the battle of Fleurus: 26.06.1794 (–)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – GC: 22.08.1789 / w.d.: 08.1794
Colonel-Proprietor of the Dragoon Regiment N°37 / (1798:) N°6: 1769-1802 (disbanded)
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°22: 01.02.1802 – 26.02.1815

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Prussia:
Order of the Red Eagle ?.cl.: before 1796

Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)

Friedrich Josias Prinz zu Sachsen-Coburg-Saalfeld, born on 27 December 1737 in Coburg, entered Austrian military service as a Rittmeister in the Cuirassier Regiment "Anspach" N°33 on 4 January 1756. He fought in the Seven Years War and was promoted Oberstleutnant in 1758 and Oberst in the next year. His name was several times mentioned in despatches for bravery, including at the battle of Lobositz (1 October 1756), Prague (6 May 1757) and Hochkirch (14 October 1758), where he was badly wounded. He also fought at Landshut (23 June 1760) and Liegnitz on 15 August 1760. On 30 July 1766, he was promoted Generalmajor and became Feldmarschalleutnant on 1 May 1773. In 1769, he was made Proprietor of Dragoon Regiment N°37 (later N°6), which was disbanded in 1802. On 22 August 1786 the prince was promoted General der Kavallerie. He fought in the War of the Bavarian Succession and in the wars against the Turks in 1778/79 and 1788-1791.
In early 1788, General Coburg planned to take the fortress of Chotim; he advanced into the Moldavian region and on 21 March 1788, defeated the army of Ibrahim Nazir Pascha at Batussan. He then took the town of Jassy. On 29 April, he again beat Ibrahim Nazir in the clashes of Rohatyn and Bojana-Losy. He opened the siege of Chotim on 15 May of that year. The fortress surrendered on 16 September 1788, together with 200 guns and ample stocks of ammunition and supplies. The advance into Moldavia continued. In 1789 Coburg was part of a joint Austro-Russian force under Suvorov, which defeated 30,000 Turks under Osman Pascha at the battle of Fokschan on 21 July of that year; for this he was awarded the Military Maria Theresian Order (GC) on 22 August 1789. On 22 September 1789, he again defeated 100,000 Turks under Jusuf Pascha at Martinestje. 5,000 Turks were killed, 80 guns and 100 colours were taken. This victory was followed by his promotion to Field Marshal on 3 October 1789. On 16 April 1790 Coburg captured the town of Orsowa. and on 9 November 1789, he took Bucharest.
From 1790-1794 he was Commanding General in Hungary. In 1793 the Field Marshal was transferred to the Austrian Netherlands as supreme commander of the Austrian forces, to fight the French. On 8 April 1793, Coburg was promoted to Reichs-Generalfeldmarschall. On 1 March of that year he defeated MdC de la Noue (GOC of Dumouriez's Reserve) in the clash at Aldenhoven. He commanded the Austrian army for their victory at Neerwinden on 18 March and again on 23 March at Löwen (Leuven). On 8 May, he was again victorious at Raismes and on 23 May he commanded the allied army which defeated GdD Lamarche in the battle of Famars. During the summer, the allies besieged and took the fortresses of Condé (12 July), Valenciennes (27 July) and Le Quesnoy on 13 September. The defeat of his corps of observation (under FZM Graf von Clerfayt) at the battle of Wattignies, by GdD Jourdan's Armée du Nord on 15-16 October, forced him to abandon the siege of Maubeuge on the second day of the battle.
In 1794 he captured Landrecies fortress on 30 April, but was badly beaten by Pichegru on 18 May in the battle of Tourcoing where he commanded an allied force. This was the decisive action of the campaign and was lost largely due to very poor allied cooperation and coordination. Four days later he defeated Pichegru at the battle of Tournay.
Prince Friedrich Josias again commanded the Austro-Dutch army in the battle of Fleurus on 26 June 1794 and the outcome was indecisive, but the tide of the campaign was with the French as the allies disintegrated. Coburg resigned command in the winter of that year and was replaced by Clerfayt. The prince withdrew to Coburg, where he died on 28 February 1815.

Printed Sources

ADB 8, p.7ff. | Bodart, pp.272, 273, 277, 281, 282, 286, 287, 289, 290, 293 | Hammerich, Helmut R.: Reichs-General-Feldmarschall Prinz Friedrich Josias von Sachsen-Coburg-Saalfeld 1737-1815. Eine biographische Skizze, Potsdam 2001 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.245ff. (wrong: b. 27.12.1737 / d. 28.02.1815) | Hollins, p.12f. | Hubka, IR22, pp.186, 228, 545f. (wrong: b. 27.12.1737) | MilSchem (wrong: died 26.02.1815) | NDB 5, p.577f. | Neuhaus, p.340 | ÖMKL 1, p.712ff. | Ritter, p.1ff. (erroneous data) | Wurzbach 2, p.395ff. | Wrede 1, p.271 | Wrede 3, p.689 | Wrede (6), p.29 | Zivkovic, Generalität, pp.13, 35 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, pp.53, 56, 63, 127

Internet Sources

Ebert (http://www.napoleon-online.de/AU_Generale/html/sachsen.html)
Jewison/Steiner
Marek (http://genealogy.euweb.cz/wettin/wettin8.html)
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Ritter: 01.08.1756 (?)
2) Ritter: 01.04.1758 (?)
3) Ritter: 13.01.1759 (?)
4) Date of the Reichsgutachten
5) Date of the Imperial decree of ratification


 
 S6 Sachsen-Coburg-Saalfeld, Ludwig Karl Friedrich Prinz von
 
Personal Information
Born: Coburg / Saxony-Coburg, 02.01.1755
Died: Coburg / Saxony-Coburg, 05.05.18061

Family Status

Nephew of S2 and S5
Uncle of S3 and S4

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 1790 (w.r.f. 24.04.1790)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 04.03.1796 (w.r.f. 20.08.1795)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Württemberg:
Order of Military Merit (Military Order of Charles) ?.cl.: before 1796

Printed Sources

MilSchem

Internet Sources

Marek (http://genealogy.euweb.cz/wettin/wettin8.html)
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Marek: also 04.05.1806 (?) / Schmidt-Brentano: 04.07.1808 (?)


 
 S7 Sachsen-Hildburghausen, Friedrich Prinz von
Sachsen-Hildburghausen, Friedrich Herzog von
Sachsen-Altenburg, Friedrich Herzog von
 
Personal Information
Born: Hildburghausen / Saxony-Hildburghausen, 29.04.1763
Died: Hummelshain Castle near Altenburg / Saxony-Altenburg, 29.09.1834

Family Status

Married: 1785 Charlotte Herzogin von Mecklenburg-Strelitz (1769-1818)

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 11.08.1785
Feldmarschalleutnant: 05.02.1799 (w.r.f. 04.02.1794)
Quit: 1807
Into Bavarian service:
Generalleutnant: 08.01.1811

Elevation of Social Status / Change of Title

Herzog: 23.09.1780
Change of title to "Sachsen-Altenburg": 12.11.1826

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°41: 1805-1806

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

ADB 8, p.1f. | MilSchem | Wrede 1, p.409

Internet Sources

Marek (http://genealogy.euweb.cz/wettin/wettin7.html)
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
Theroff (http://pages.prodigy.net/ptheroff/gotha/saxony.html)


 
 S8 Sachsen(-Polen), Albrecht (Albert) Casimir Prinz von
Sachsen-Teschen, Albrecht (Albert) Casimir Herzog von
 
Personal Information
Born: Moritzburg Castle near Dresden / Saxony, 11.07.1738
Died: Vienna, 10.02.1822

Family Status
Married: 1766 Marie Christine Erzherzogin von Österreich (1742-1798)
Brother-in-law of O9 (Erzherzog Ferdinand Carl Anton)
Uncle of O5 (Erzherzog Anton Victor), O6 (Erzherzog Carl Ludwig, also adoptive father), O8 (Erzherzog-Großherzog Ferdinand III.), O11 (Kaiser Franz I.), O13 (Erzherzog Johann Baptist), O14 (Erzherzog Joseph Anton), O15 (Erzherzog Ludwig Joseph) und O17 (Erzherzog Rainer)
Great-uncle of O7 (Kaiser Ferdinand I.)

Promotions

Generalmajor: –
Feldmarschalleutnant: 24.06.1760
General der Kavallerie: 02.03.17631
Feldmarschall: 17.11.1765
Holy Roman Empire:
Reichs-Generalfeldmarschall: 18.12.1767

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Governor of the City and Fortress of Komorn: 03.1763
Governor of the City and Fortress of Ofen: 05.1764
Governor (Statthalter) and Captain-General in Hungary: 26.12.1765 – E.1780
Governor-General in the Austrian Netherlands: 15.11.1780 – 1793

Field Service (1792-1815)

Commander-in-chief of the Army of the Netherlands: 04.1792 – 11.1792
Commander-in-chief of the Army of the Rhine: 03.1794 – 04.1795
Commander of the Austrian forces during the siege of Lille: 25.09. – 08.10.1792 (–)
Commander of the Austrian forces at the battle of Jemappes: 06.11.1792 (–)

Elevation of Social Status

Herzog von Teschen: 01.10.1766

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Order of the Golden Fleece: 12.02.1763 (?)2
Order of St. Stephen – GC: 26.12.17653
Order of Leopold – GC: 07.01.1809
Golden Civil Merit Cross 1813/14: 26.05.1815
Colonel-Proprietor of the First Carabinier Regiment N°5 / (since 1798:) Cuirassier Regiment N°3: 02.12.1768 – 10.02.1822

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Poland:
Order of the White Eagle: 1738
Saxony:
Colonel-Proprietor of the Chevauxleger Regiment "Prinz Albrecht"
Spain:
Order of the Golden Fleece: 28.11.1738

Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)

Albert Kasimir Herzog zu Sachsen-Polen (later: Sachsen-Teschen) was born on 11 July 1738 in Moritzburg castle, near Dresden, as son of Kurfürst Friedrich August II of Saxony who was also King (August III) of Poland. He entered Austrian service in 1760 and married Duchess Marie-Christine, a daughter of Empress Maria Theresia. The Duchy of Teschen was his dowry. From 1765 to 1780, he rose to be Field Marshal and was appointed Governor of Hungary. From 1780-1792, he was Governor-General in the Austrian Netherlands. When the Netherlands erupted in revolt in 1789, he and his wife were forced to flee, but returned when peace had been restored.
In April 1792, Prince Albert commanded 45,000 Austrian troops in Flanders. He was able to fend off the initial, fumbling French assaults against him. He was then ordered to despatch a corps under FZM Graf Clerfayt to co-operate with the Prussians in Champagne. Even with his much-reduced forces (14,000 men), Albert was able to open the siege of Lille on 25 September. This had to be abandoned after the Austro-Prussian thrust at Paris was defeated at Valmy on 20 September. Albert commanded at the Austrian defeat at Jemappes on 6 November at the hands of Dumouriez' Armée du Nord. Flanders was evacuated; Albert fell ill and resigned his command on 15 November in Roermond, handing over to Clerfayt. He returned in 1794 to command the army of the Rhine, but retired finally in April 1795. From 1768 until his dead, he was Proprietor of Carabinier Regiment N°1 (later Cuirassier Regiment N°3). He died on 10 February 1822 in Vienna.

Printed Sources

ADB 1, p.319f. | Bodart, p.270 | Koschatzky, Walter – Krasa, Selma: Herzog Albert von Sachsen-Teschen. 1738-1822. Reichsfeldmarschall und Kunstmäzen, Vienna 1982 | MilSchem | NDB 1, p.131 | Neuhaus, p.339 | ÖBL 1, p.13 | ÖMKL 1, p.40ff. | Ritter, p.515ff. (wrong: d. 12.02.1822) | Pizzighelli, DR3, p.25 | Stolzer-Steeb, p.138f. | Vivenot, Alfred v.: Herzog Albrecht von Sachsen-Teschen als Reichs-Feldmarschall, 2 vols, Vienna 1865/66 | Wurzbach 28, p.32ff. | WZ, 09.01.1808, 11.01.1809, 28.05.1815 | Zivkovic, Generalität, p.31 | Wrede 3, p.140 | Wrede (6), p.29

Internet Sources

Boettger (http://www.antiquesatoz.com/sgfleece/knights4.htm)
Ebert (http://www.napoleon-online.de/AU_Generale/html/sachsen2.html)
Marek (http://genealogy.euweb.cz/wettin/wettin11.html)
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Zivkovic, Generalität, p.31: 26.02.1763 (?)
2) Koschatzky/Krasa, p.73: 02.04.1766 (?) / not mentioned in: Vlies-Orden (!?)
3) Handing-over of the collar on 03.01.1766 (Khevenüller, vol 6, p.163)


 
 S9 Saint-Amour, Johann Franz Graf

Personal Information

Born: 17??
Died: Preßburg (Pozsony, Bratislava) / Hungary, 04.08.1824

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 04.03.1796 (w.r.f. 18.04.1794)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

MilSchem

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 S10 Saint-Julien und Walsee, (Johann) Franz Xaver Johann Nepomuk Graf

Personal Information

Born: 12.10.1756 (baptism)
Died: Skalička / Moravia, 16.01.1836

Name Variants

(French) François-Xavier de Guyard, Comte de Saint-Julien

Family Status

Married (1): 1797 Ludovika Leopoldine Gräfin Chorinsky (17??-1800)
Married (2): 1800 Josephine Gräfin Lodron (1783-1836)

Promotions

Major: 15.07.1789
Oberstleutnant: 01.04.1790
Oberst: 23.03.1795
Generalmajor: 31.05.1797 (w.r.f. 29.06.1797)1
Feldmarschalleutnant: 29.10.1800 (w.r.f. 24.11.1800)2
Feldzeugmeister (title): 19.12.18123
Retired: 19.12.18123

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°61: 1802 – 16.01.1836
I.R. Chamberlain: 02.03.1779

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

MD 5, p.7 | MilSchem | Saint-Julien, Clemens Gundacker: Erinnerungen aus dem Krieger-Leben von 1618 bis 1866, dem gräflichen Geschlechte der St. Julien-Walsee entnommen, Linz 1876, p.34ff., appendices XXII, XXIII | Wrede 1, p.544 | (Wurzbach 28, p.83) | WZ, 02.02.1813 | Zivkovic, Generalität, p.39

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale (wrong: b. 02.12.1756)

Notes

1) Saint-Julien, p.42: 17.06.1797 (w.r.f. 31.05.1797) (?)
2) Saint-Julien, p.42: 31.10.1800 (?)
3) Saint-Julien, p.42: 26.12.1812 (?)


 
 S11 Saint-Julien und Walsee, (Johann) Joseph Graf
 
Personal Information
Born: Vienna, 28.01.1758 (baptism)
Died: Königgrätz (Hradec Králové) / Bohemia, 30.11.1829

Family Status
Unmarried

Name Variants

(French) Jean-Joseph de Guyard, Comte de Saint-Julien

Promotions

Major: 04.12.1787
Oberstleutnant: 13.01.1789
Oberst: 07.04.1796 (w.r.f. 01.04.1796)
Generalmajor: 04.07.1799 (w.r.f. 03.07.1799)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 01.09.1805 (w.r.f. 16.09.1805)

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Imperial Commissioner (Landeskommissar) in Italy: 12.1799 – 1800/01
Grand Master of the Household to Archduke Ludwig of Austria: 10.09.1802 – 1809
Special Envoy in St. Petersburg (Russia): 23.11.18091 – (1810 ?)
Envoy extraordinary and Minister plenipotentiary in St. Petersburg (Russia): 18.12.1810 – 23.06.18122
Grand Master of the Household to Archduke Ludwig of Austria: 1812-1819
Grand Master of the Household to Archduke Rainer of Austria: 1819-1822
Fortress-Commandant of Königgrätz: 1823 – 30.11.1829

Chivalric Order

Professed Knight of the Order of Malta: 11.12.17873

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

I.R. Privy Councillor: 03.12.1803
I.R. Chamberlain: 08.05.1779

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Sardinia-Piedmont:
Order of St. Maurice and St. Lazarus – GC: 10.07.1820

Printed Sources

Matsch, p.122 | MilSchem | Repertorium 3, p.280 | Saint-Julien, Clemens Gundacker: Erinnerungen aus dem Krieger-Leben von 1618 bis 1866, dem gräflichen Geschlechte der St. Julien-Walsee entnommen, Linz 1876, p.54ff., appendices XXV-XXXIII

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale (wrong: b. on 06.04.1757 / d. on 20.11.1829)

Notes

1) Saint-Julien: 13.11.1809 (?)
2) Matsch: 26.10.1809 – 21.07.1812 (?)
3) Admission to the Order of Malta: 19.02.1761 (at the age of 3 !)


 
 S12 Saint-Julien und Walsee, (Johann) Karl Christian Graf von
 
Personal Information
Born: Vienna, 06.01.1716
Died: Preßburg (Pozsony, Bratislava) / Hungary, 15.12.1798

Name Variants
(French) Jean-Charles de Guyard, Comte de Saint-Julien

Family Status

Unmarried

Promotions

Major: 01.10.1755
Oberstleutnant: 27.05.1758
Oberst: 26.04.1760
Generalmajor: 19.01.1771 (w.r.f. 06.10.1761)
Retired: 1774

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Decoration of the Elisabeth Theresian Military Foundation: 17731

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

Auer, N°267 | MD 5, p.7 | MilSchem | Saint-Julien, Clemens Gundacker: Erinnerungen aus dem Krieger-Leben von 1618 bis 1866, dem gräflichen Geschlechte der St. Julien-Walsee entnommen, Linz 1876, p.28ff., appendix XVIII

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Saint-Julien: 1774 (?)


 
 S13 Salburg, Rudolf Ferdinand Graf von
 
Personal Information
Born: Linz / Upper Austria, 17321
Died: Vienna, 19.04.1806

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant: 1759
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 25.04.1775 (w.r.f. 27.08.1774)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

MilSchem / Victorin, DR7, pp.168, 438

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Victorin, DR7, p.168: 1731 (?)


 
 S14 Salis(-Samaden)1, Paul von
Salis(-Samaden), Paul Freiherr von

Personal Information

Born: Breslau (Wrocław) / Silesia, 18.07.1729
Died: Karlsbad (Karlovy Vary) / Bohemia, 05.10.1799

Family Status

Married (1): Maria von Bedau
Married (2): 1795 Katharina Gräfin von Reisach-Steinberg (1767-?)

Promotions

Major: 03.1776
Oberstleutnant: 1784
Oberst: 06.02.1789
Generalmajor: 01.01.1794 (w.r.f. 12.12.1791)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 16.04.17972 (w.r.f. 14.04.1797)

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Fortress-Commandant of Ypern: 06.1793 – 19.06.1794

Elevation of Social Status

Freiherr: 30.10.1779

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 22.09.1793

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Amon, IR18, pp.241, 257, 262 | Frank 4, p.217 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.389 | MilSchem | ÖFA 3, p.177 (genealogical table erroneous) | Wurzbach 28, p.106f. (genealogical table erroneous) | MD 8, p.174 | ÖMZ, year 1892, vol.1, p.70ff. (N°VI): Biographien der kaiserlich österreichischen Generale und Oberste aus der Familie von Salis | Salis, Rodo von: Zur Genealogie der Salis-Samaden in Österreich des Stammes der Salice aus Sala Comacina (Herzogtum Mailand), dann Breslau (= Off-print from the "Jahrbuch der Schweizerischen Gesellschaft für Familienforschung", year 1990), (Bern) 1990, pp.55f., p.64f.

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Salis, p.55f.: Paul Anton Freiherr von Salis fügte ... seinem Patronym nie eine Herkunfts- oder Linienbezeichnung bei, insbesondere nicht "Samaden", zu welcher Ortschaft im Engadin weder er noch sein Geschlecht je eine Beziehung hatten. [...] Zugeschrieben wurde der Beiname "Samaden" dem älteren Ast erst nach desser Erlöschen [1842] in Druckwerken des späteren 19. Jahrhunderts, als der überlebende jüngere Ast schrittweise dazu überging, diesen schweizerischen Ortsnamen als Linienbezeichnung zu adoptieren.
2) According to ÖMZ (Schmidt-Brentano only: 1797)


 
 S15 Salisch, Karl Freiherr von

Personal Information

Born: 17??
Died: Tyrnau (Trnava / Nagyszombat) / Hungary, 20.07.1799

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 01.03.1797 (w.r.f. 22.04.1797)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

MilSchem

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 S16 Sant’ Andrea, Peter Freiherr von
 
Personal Information
Born: near Bergamo / Lombardy, 17791
Died: Bergamo2 / Lombardy, 22.05.1821

Name Variants

(Italian) Pietro Barone di Sant’ Andrea

Promotions

Italy:
General of Brigade: 10.02.1813
Into Austrian service: 1814
Generalmajor: 02.07.1814
Retired: 31.01.1816

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)



Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

France:
Order of the Légion d'Honneur – OC
Italy (France):
Order of the Iron Crown 2nd cl.

Printed Sources

Lombroso, p.385ff. | MilSchem | WZ, 07.08.1814

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
Wikipedia [= http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lista_dei_generali_italiani_(1800-1815) ].- Download: 19.08.2008

Notes

1) Wikipedia: 1771 (?)
2) Lombroso: Redona (?)


 
  S17 Sauer, Karl Balthasar Freiherr von

Personal Information

Born: Linz / Upper Austria, 1725
Died: Tyrnau (Trnava / Nagyszombat) / Hungary, 13.11.1800

Promotions

Major: 1759
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst: 1765
Generalmajor: 01.05.1773 (w.r.f. 04.12.1768)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 10.04.1783 (w.r.f. 22.04.1783)
Retired: 1795

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Adlatus of the Commanding General in Galicia: 11.1788 – 09.1790

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 21.11.1763
2nd Colonel-Proprietor of the Chevauxleger Regiment N°13 / (since 1798:) Dragoon Regiment N°5: 1779 – 13.11.1800

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Hirtenfeld 1, p.176ff. | MD 8, p.178 | MilSchem | Wurzbach 28, p.276ff. | Zivkovic, Heerführer, p.63 | Wrede 3, p.686

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 S18 Sburlati, Hannibal de

Personal Information

Born: 17??
Died: Vajda-Récse / Transylvania, 02.02.1799

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 20.05.1786

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

MilSchem

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 S19 Schaeffer, Joseph
Schaeffer von der Mulde, Joseph

Personal Information

Born: 17??
Died: Neuhaus (Jindřichuv Hradec) / Bohemia, 16.03.1819

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst: 15.09.1808
Generalmajor: 27.04.1813

Elevation of Social Status

plain nobility: 04.12.1818 (with predicate: "von der Mulde")

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

Frank-Döfering, 3873 | May, IR35, pp.144, 156 | MilSchem | WZ, 11.05.1813, 08.06.1813

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 S20 Schall, Georg Engelbert
Schall von Falkenforst, Georg Engelbert

Personal Information

Born: around 1761
Died: Vienna, 22.08.1831

Promotions

Major: 1801
Oberstleutnant: 05./06.1808
Oberst: 1810
Generalmajor: 06.05.1815
Feldmarschalleutnant: 21.12.1830

Elevation of Social Status

plain nobility: 24.05.1815 (with predicate: "von Falkenforst")

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

Blasek/Rieger 1/I, p.397 (wrong: GM in 1814) | Frank-Döfering, 3874 | MilSchem | WZ, 09.07.1808

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 S21 Scharlach, Franz von

Personal Information

Born: 17??
Died: Zara (Zadar) / Dalmatia, 14.03.1834

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 30.04.1815

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Fortress-Commandant of Zara: 1828 – 14.03.1834

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

MilSchem | WZ, 08.05.1815

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 S22 Scharlach, Michael von

Personal Information

Born: 1763
Died: Preßburg (Pozsony, Bratislava) / Hungary, 12.05.1833

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 29.06.1809
Feldmarschalleutnant (title a.h.): 07.01.1823
Retired: 07.01.1823

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

MilSchem | WZ, 25.11.1809

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 S23 Schauroth, Karl August Freiherr von
 
Personal Information
Born: Großgestewitz near Naumburg / Saxony-Anhalt, 15.05.1755
Died: Prague1 (Praha) / Bohemia, 01.05.1810

Family Status
Married: Franziska von Heslowa (?-1853)

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst: 28.03.1798
Generalmajor: 29.10.1800 (w.r.f. 30.12.1800)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 12.02.1809

Field Service (1792-1815)

Commander of the 7th Army Corps: 08.-11.1809

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Amon, DR10, p.178f. | MD 8, p.182 | MilSchem | Wurzbach 29, p.136f. | WZ, 15.08.1810 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, p.130

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) MilSchem: Graz (?)


 
 S24 Scheidlin, Georg Christoph von

Personal Information

Born: 15.01.1727
Died: Mährisch-Neustadt (Uničov) / Moravia, 14.02.1798

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 16.01.1790 (w.r.f. 14.12.1789)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

MilSchem

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 S25 Scheither, Georg Heinrich Freiherr von
 
Personal Information
Born: Hannover, 1772
Died: 22.04.1816

Promotions

Major: 01.1801
Oberstleutnant: 01.1807
Oberst: 15.09.1808
Generalmajor: 07.01.1813

Field Service (1792-1815)

Commander of the Austrian forces at the combat near Belfort: 29.06.-08.07.1815 (–)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 30.04.1802 / CC: 08.10.1813
I.R. Chamberlain: 03./04.1808

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Prussia:
Order Pour-le-Mérite: 14.11.1814
Russia:
Order of St. Anne 1st cl.

Printed Sources

ADB 30, p.731ff. | ADB 45, p.671 (corr.) | Bodart, p.489 | Hildebrand/Zweng, N°4060 | Hirtenfeld 2, p.1137ff. | MilSchem | Strobl, DR12, p.117, 155f. | Wurzbach 29, p.175ff. | WZ, 16.04.1808, 05.10.1808, 30.11.1813, 26.05.1815

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 S26 Schellenberg, Joseph Freiherr von

Personal Information

Born: Vienna, 1735
Died: Napagedl (Napajedlá) / Moravia, 08.09.1801

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant: 1788
Oberst: 1791
Generalmajor: 04.03.1796 (w.r.f. 25.05.1794)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 06.03.1800 (w.r.f. 01.09.1799)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 11.05.1796

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Hirtenfeld 1, p.493f. | MilSchem

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 S27 Schilling von Schillingshof, (Gotthard) Raphael von
Schilling von Schillingshof, (Gotthard) Raphael Freiherr
Schilling von Schillingshof, (Gotthard) Raphael Graf

Personal Information

Born: 26.06.1729
Died: Vienna, 01.12.1797

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 1776 (w.r.f. 27.11.1776)

Elevation of Social Status

Freiherr: 18.02.1772
Graf: 17.08.1781

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Decoration of the Elisabeth Theresian Military Foundation: 1776
I.R. Chamberlain

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Auer, N°274 | Frank 4, p.248 | MilSchem

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 S28 Schlaun von Linden, Gerhard Moritz
Schlaun von Linden, Gerhard Moritz Freiherr

Personal Information

Born: Münster, 11.10.1742
Died: Besanez Castle (Bezanec) / Croatia, 21.09.1825

Family Status

Married: Josepha Christiane Julia Gräfin von Keglevich (17??-1807)

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 29.08.1787 (w.r.f. 26.08.1787)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 29.12.1793 (w.r.f. 26.11.1793)
Feldzeugmeister (title): 07.05.1808
Retired: 07.05.1808

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Military Commander in the Bukovina (Czernowitz): 1806 – 07.05.1808

Elevation of Social Status

Freiherr: 06.04.1790

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 15.11.1788

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

Frank 4, p.250 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.235f. (wrong: FML on 01.01.1794) | MD 8, p.187 | MilSchem | Wurzbach 30, p.55f. | WZ, 09.07.1808 | Zivkovic, Generalität, p.38 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, p.77

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 S29 Schlegelhofer, Thomas
Schlegelhofer von Hofenstein, Thomas

Personal Information

Born: around 1738
Died: Baden / Lower Austria, 04.07.1799

Name Variants

wrong: Schlegelhoffen

Promotions

Major: 01.06.1778
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst: 1789
Generalmajor: 01.01.1794 (w.r.f. 26.12.1793)
Retired: 01.02.1799
Feldmarschalleutnant (title): 02.02.1799

Elevation of Social Status

plain nobility: 09.06.1772 (with predicate: "von Hofenstein")

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Amon, IR47, p.281 | Frank 4, p.250 | Gatti, IngAk, p.207 | MilSchem

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 S30 Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg, Christian August Prinz zu
Schweden, Karl August Kronprinz von
 
Personal Information
Born: Augustenburg (Augustenborg) / Denmark, 09.07.1768
Died: Kvidinge / Sweden, 28.05.1810

Promotions

Denmark:
Generalmajor: 1790
Feldmarschall: 30.06.1808
Into Austrian service:
Generalmajor: 12.05.1799 (w.r.f. 30.04.1799)

Elevation of Social Status

Kronprinz von Schweden (Crown Prince of Sweden): 24.01.1810 (change of name: "Karl August")

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

ADB 4, p.193ff. | MilSchem

Internet Sources

Marek (http://genealogy.euweb.cz/oldenburg/oldenburg4.html)
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
Theroff (http://pages.prodigy.net/ptheroff/gotha/holstein.html)


 
 S31 Schmelzern von Wildmannsegg, Johann Ritter
Schmelzern von Wildmannsegg, Johann Freiherr
 
Personal Information
Born: Prague (Praha) / Bohemia, 1761
Died: Josephstadt (Josefov u Jaromere) / Bohemia, 16.03.18311

Promotions

Major: 1799
Oberstleutnant: 08.1805
Oberst: 24.07.1807
Generalmajor: 02.09.18092

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Fortress Commandant of Josephstadt: 07.1813 – 16.02.1831

Elevation of Social Status

Freiherr: 23.11.1820

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 24.10.1809

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Frank 4, p.255 | Frank-Döfering, 3917 | Hirtenfeld 2, p.1012ff. | Kreipner, IR34, pp.329, 349, 378, 398, 423, 436f., 780f. | MilSchem | Wurzbach 30, p.169ff. | WZ, 25.11.1809, 14.10.1813

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) MilSchem, year.1832, p.488: 16.02.1831 (?)
2) Date after Schmidt-Brentano and Kreipner, IR34, p.781 (contrary to Kreipner on p.423 and p.436f.: "mit Ah.E. vom 31.08.[1809]" [with supreme Imerial resolution from 31.08.]) (?)

 
 
 S32 Schmertzing, August Hannibal Freiherr von
 
Personal Information
Born: 1725
Died: Nieder-Crossen / Saxony, 16.04.1797

Name Variants

also: Schmerzing

Family Status

Brother of S33
Married: Maria Augusta Gräfin von Lasberg (1723-?)

Promotions

Major: 1753
Oberstleutnant: 1757
Oberst: 1767
Generalmajor: 01.05.1773 (w.r.f. 13.08.1770)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

I.R. Chamberlain

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

MilSchem | ÖFA 1, p.259 | Wrede, DR6, pp.664 (wrong: GM in 1767), 928f.

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 S33 Schmertzing, Gottlieb Friedrich Hannibal Freiherr von
 
Personal Information
Born: 17.11.1738
Died: KIA Gonsenheim near Mainz, 29.10.1795

Name Variants
also: Schmerzing

Family Status

Brother of S32
Married: 1785 Franziska Amadé de Varkony (1758-1824)

Promotions

Major: 1771
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst: 1780
Generalmajor: 08.12.1787
Feldmarschalleutnant: 29.12.1793 (w.r.f. 08.12.1793)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

I.R. Chamberlain

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Allmayer-Beck, p.74 | MilSchem | ÖFA 1, p.259 | Pizzighelli, DR5, pp.50, 52, 250, 252 | Schaab, Karl Anton: Die Geschichte der Bundes-Festung Mainz, historisch und militärisch nach den Quellen bearbeitet, Mainz 1834, p.437 | Wrede, DR6, p.644

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 S34 Schmidfeld, Johann Nepomuk von
Schmidfeld, Johann Nepomuk Freiherr von
 
Personal Information
Born: 23.02.1731
Died: Milan (Milano) / Lombardy, 19.02.1795

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 10.04.1783 (w.r.f. 16.02.1783)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 13.11.1788 (w.r.f. 07.11.1788)

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Commanding General in Slavonia and Syrmia: 09.1790 – 03.1791
Fortress Commandant of Mantua: before 1794 – 19.02.1795

Elevation of Social Status

Freiherr: 31.08.1774

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°48: 1794 – 19.02.1795

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

Frank 4, p.256 | MilSchem | Wrede 2, p.222 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, p.68

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 S35 Schmidlin, (Adam) Christian Freiherr von
 
Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: Maria-Theresiopel (Szabadka, Subotica) / Com. Bács / Hungary - or - Vinga / Banat / Hungary, 30.10.1804

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 05.12.1801

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

MilSchem

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 S36 Schmidt, Joseph Freiherr von
 
Personal Information
Born: Vienna, 17601
Died: Vienna, 13.04.18102

Promotions

Major: 1795
Oberstleutnant: ~1800
Oberst: 1805
Generalmajor: 12.02.1809
Retired: 1810

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 18.08.1801

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Sardinia-Piedmont:
Order of St. Maurice and St. Lazarus – ?C: ~1794

Printed Sources

Granichstädten-Czerva, Rudolf von: Andreas Hofers alte Garde, Innsbruck 1932, p.213 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.585ff. | MilSchem | Wurzbach 30, p.276f. | WZ, 15.08.1810

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Granichstädten-Czerva: 1750 (?)
2) Schmidt-Brentano: 18.04.1810 (?)


 
 S37 Schmitt, (Johann) Heinrich von
 
Personal Information
Born: Bavaria, 1743
Died: KIA Dürnstein-Loiben / Lower Austria, 11.11.1805

Family Status

Unmarried

Promotions

Major: 14.05.1788
Oberstleutnant: 23.02.1790 (w.r.f. 14.02.1790)
Oberst: 03.09.1793
Generalmajor: 06.09.1796 (w.r.f. 10.06.1796)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 01.03.1800 (w.r.f. 02.03.1800)
Retired: 18.08.1800
Reactivated: 11.1805

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Chief of the Quartermaster General Staff: 03.1798 – 03.1799

Field Service (1792-1815)

Chief of the Quartermaster General Staff of the Army of the Lower Rhine: 07.-08.1796
Chief of the Quartermaster General Staff of the Army of the Rine: 08.1796 – 03.1797 / 04.1797 – 01.1798
Chief of the Quartermaster General Staff of the Army of Germany: 11.1798 – 09.1800
Chief of the Quartermaster General Staff of the Allied Army: 11.1805

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)



Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)

Johann Heinrich von Schmitt, born in 1743 in Bavaria, entered the Austrian Military Engineer School in Vienna (Gumpendorf) on 25 June 1758. Three years later (15 November 1761), he became Fähnrich in the Infantry Regiment "Pallavicini" N°15. Schmitt fought briefly in the Seven Years War, but in 1764, he was sent to the topographical department of the General Staff in Bohemia. The lack of good maps had been keenly felt in the operations against the Prussians. On 1 February 1769, he was promoted to Oberleutnant and taken into the General Staff. From then until 1778, he worked, surveying and drawing maps of the areas along the borders with Turkey, around Temesvar in the Banat, thence in Bohemia, Moravia and Silesia. On 23 March 1778, he was promoted to Hauptmann. The prospect of renewed war with Turkey saw him sent to survey in Bosnia. For this he was based in Esseg and Alt-Gradiska. At the outbreak of that war, Schmitt was attached to the army staff in Slavonia. On 24 April 1788, he was distinguished in the storm of Sabac fortress in Serbia. On 14 May of that year, he was promoted to Major. In 1789, he fought at Berkir and at the siege of Belgrade, again with distinction. His promotion to Oberstleutnant followed on 23 February 1790. That March, Schmitt was transferred to FM Graf von Loudon's army in Bohemia.
In 1791, he was posted to the Austrian Netherlands, where he worked on the general staff. On 14 September 1792, he was distinguished in the combat at the Croix-au-Bois pass and again in the actions at Raismes and Vicoigne on 8 May 1793. On 3 September 1793 Schmitt received his promotion to Oberst. In August 1796 he was appointed Quartermaster General (Chief of Staff) to Erzherzog Carl. He fought at Amberg (24 August) and Würzburg (2 September) of that year. On 6 September, he was promoted to Generalmajor and on 1 March 1800 to Feldmarschalleutnant. Schmitt was somehow connected to the murder of the French delegation to the Congress of Rastatt on 29 April 1799 by men of the Szeckler Hussar Regiment N°11 and became the centre of much controversy. In September 1800, he resigned, being unable to stand the pressure concentrated on him. He retired to Hostitz near Kremsier.
On 31 October 1805, he was recalled to duty; on 4 November, he was sent off from Vienna to carry plans to General Kutusov, commanding the approaching Russian army. On 6 November, Schmitt met Kutusov in Melk. The plan that he carried foresaw an allied army giving battle before Vienna. Kutusov refused to agree to this, but did agree to fight the French at Dürnstein, on the Danube. Schmitt led one of the outflanking columns in the night attack on GdD Honoré-Théodore-Maxime Gazan's position on 11 November 1805 and was killed by a musket shot.

Printed Sources

ADB 54, p.124ff. (wrong: b. in 1744) | Allmayer-Beck, p.76 | Hollins, p.51f. | Leppa, (Konrad) Joseph Franz: Feldmarschall-Leutnant Heinrich Schmitt. Ein Soldatenleben, Ph.D. thesis, Vienna, 1926 | MilSchem | Regele, p.29 | Ritter, p.573ff. | Wrede (6), p.41 | Wurzbach 30, p.252ff. | Zivkovic, Heerführer, pp.108-110

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
Ebert (http://www.napoleon-online.de/AU_Generale/html/schmitt.html)


 
 S38 Schneidauer von Streitkolben, Joseph Leopold Freiherr
 
Personal Information
Born: around 1723
Died: Vienna, 17.05.18071

Name Variants

also: Streittkolben

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 16.01.1790 (w.r.f. 13.01.1790)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 09.08.1803
Retired: 1794

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Fortress Commandant of Lemberg: before 1792 – 1794 (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

MilSchem

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Schmidt-Brentano: 18.05.1807 (?)


 
 S39 Schneider, (Anton) Karl von
 
Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: 26.06.1809

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 27.02.1793 (w.r.f. 25.06.1791)
Retired: 1801

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Commanding General ad interim in East Galicia: 04.-09.1800

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

MilSchem | Zivkovic, Heerführer, p.63

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 S40 Schneller, Andreas von
 
Personal Information
Born: Ödenburg (Sopron) / Hungary, 17551
Died: Ödenburg (Sopron) / Hungary, 16.03.1840

Promotions
Major: 20.03.1797
Oberstleutnant: 09.11.1800
Oberst: 20.02.1801
Generalmajor: 15.08.1808 (w.r.f. 14.09.1805)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 27.04.18132
General der Kavallerie: 11.01.1830
Retired: 08.02.18363

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Commanding General ad interim in the Banat: 17.02.1821 – 10.02.1823
Commanding General in the Banat: 10.02.1823 – 08.02.1836

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Order of Leopold – GC: (01.03.)1836
Colonel-Proprietor of the Chevauxleger Regiment N°5: 03.1822 – 16.03.1840
I.R. Privy Councillor: 18234

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

Amon, HR10, p.223, 237f. | Böhm 1, pp.414 | MilSchem | Pizzighelli, DR10, pp.227, 237, 239, 289, 292 | Preyer, p.115 | Wrede 3, p.192 | WZ, 03.09.1808, 11.05.1813, 08.06.1813 | Zivkovic, Generalität, p.41 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, p.69

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Amon, DR10, p.237: 1757 (?)
2) Amon, DR10, p.238: 02.03.1813 (?)
3) Amon, DR10, p.238: 01.03.1836 (?)
4) Amon, DR10, p.238: 1822 (?)


 
 S41 Schönfuß, Joachim von
 
Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: Ofen (Buda) / Hungary, 18.11.1820

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 02./03.1810
Retired: 02./03.1810

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

MilSchem | WZ, 17.03.1810

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 S42 Schönthal, Johann von
 
Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: Brünn (Brno) / Moravia, 13.01.18141

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 01.09.1805 (w.r.f. 12.01.1804)
Retired: 1812

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

MilSchem

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Schmidt-Brentano: 13.02.1814 (?)


 
 S43 Schröckinger von Neydenberg, Johann
 
Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: Iglau (Jihlava) / Moravia, 26.07.1808

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 06.(26.?)03.1800 (w.r.f. 22.04.1800)
Retired: 1805

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

MilSchem | WZ, 11.02.1809

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 S44 Schröder, (Johann) Gottfried
Schröder, (Johann) Gottfried Freiherr von
 
Personal Information
Born: Berlin / Prussia, 1735
Died: Pellendorf / Lower Austria, 18.02.1807

Family Status
Brother of S45 and S46

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 09.09.1786 (w.r.f. 31.08.1786)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 27.02.1793 (w.r.f. 24.02.1793)
Retired: 1796, 1806

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Commandant of Krakau: 1795-1805

Field Service (1792-1815)

Commander of the Austrian forces at Arlon: 09.06.1793 (–)

Elevation of Social Status

Freiherr: 13.09.1766

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 21.10.1762

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Bodart, p.274 | Frank 4, p.274 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.166 | MD 8, p.200 | MilSchem | Wurzbach 31, p.319f.

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 S45 Schröder, Karl Friedrich
Schröder, Karl Friedrich Freiherr von
 
Personal Information
Born: Berlin / Prussia, around 1725
Died: Vienna, 27.05.18091

Family Status

Brother of S44 and S46

Promotions

Major: 1757
Oberstleutnant: 1759
Oberst: 1763
Generalmajor: 08.05.1772 (w.r.f. 01.07.1770)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 15.05.1784 (w.r.f. 09.05.1784)
Retired: 1795

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Inspector-General of Military Provisions and of Military Transport: 06.1776 – 01.17942

Elevation of Social Status

Freiherr: 03.07.1773

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°7: 1783 – 27.05.1809

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Frank 4, p.274 | MD 8, p.200 | MilSchem | Wrede 1, p.156 | Wurzbach 31, p.320f. (wrong: d. 1808) | Zivkovic, Heerführer, p.16

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Schmidt-Brentano: 22.05.1809 (?)
2) Wurzbach: 1787-1795 (?)


 
 S46 Schröder, (Johann) Wilhelm
Schröder von Lilienhof, (Johann) Wilhelm
Schröder, (Johann) Wilhelm Freiherr
 
Personal Information
Born: Berlin / Prussia, around 1719
Died: Olmütz (Olomouc) / Moravia, 15.01.1800

Family Status
Brother of S44 and S45

Promotions

Major: 1757
Oberstleutnant: 1758
Oberst: 1760
Generalmajor: 19.01.1771 (w.r.f. 28.09.1761)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 25.04.1775 (w.r.f. 25.12.1774)
Feldzeugmeister: 15.08.1795 (w.r.f. 26.04.1794)

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Commanding General ad interim in Galicia: 03.-06.1779
Fortress Commandant of Luxemburg : vor 1793 – 07.06.1795
Fortress Commandant of Olmütz: 1795 – 15.01.1800

Elevation of Social Status

plain nobility: 27.04.1765 (with predicate: "von Lilienhof")
Freiherr: 03.07.1773 (without predicate "Lilienhof")

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

2nd Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°4: 22.08.1780 – 03.05.1790

Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°26: (03.05.?)1790 – 15.01.1800

I.R. Privy Councillor

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Amon, IR4, pp.200, 236 | Frank 4, p.274 | MD 8, p.201 | Megerle, p.310 | MilSchem | Wrede 1, pp.140, 300 | Wurzbach 31, p.334ff. | Zivkovic, Generalität, p.36 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, p.63

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 S47 Schubirž von Chobinin, Anton Freiherr von
 
Personal Information
Born: Olmütz (Olomouc) / Moravia, 21.(22.)12.1748
Died: Graz / Styria, 11.06.1801

Name Variants
also: Schupircz / also: Chobinie, Kubinye

Promotions

Major: 30.05.1788
Oberstleutnant: 1789
Oberst: 17901
Generalmajor: 04.03.1796 (w.r.f. 03.10.1794)
Retired: 1798

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)

Anton Freiherr Schubirz von Chobinin was born on 21 December 1748. In 1796, he served as Major General in Italy; initially as brigade commander in Sebottendorf's division. After the disaster of Mondovi, Piedmont was evacuated by the Austrians and on 2 May they fell back over the Po at Valenza. On 8 May Austrian General von Liptay was attacked and defeated at Fombio and his corps dissolved in the retreat. On 10 May, Sebottendorf was attacked and beaten at Lodi by Napoleon. Schubirz had left Lodi before the attack, to fall further back according to FZM Beaulieu's orders. When the Mincio line was broken at Borghetto on 30 May, he withdrew up into the Tyrol. Schubirz fought at Castiglione on 5 August and took part in Alvinczy's attempt to relieve Mantua in the Corps of the Friaul. After Wurmser's defeat on 15 September at San Giorgio, his command at Malborghetto, Pontafel and Tarvis numbered only 1,600 men. He also fought at the victory at Bassano over the French under Napoleon on 6 November. Schubirz also fought in the victory at Caldiero on 12 November and in the defeat at Arcole of 15-17 November. He retired in 1798 and died on 11 June 1801 in Graz.

Printed Sources

Leitner 2, p.84ff. (wrong: d. 11.07.1801) | MilSchem | Pizzighelli, DR10, pp.187, 190, 193 | Svoboda 1, col.56 (wrong: d. 11.07.1801)

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Svoboda: 1791 (?)


 
 S48 Schuhay, Franz von
Schuhay, Franz Freiherr von
 
Personal Information
Born: Füred (n.l.) / Hungary, 1747
Died: Prague (Praha) / Bohemia, 28.09.1818

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant: 1796
Oberst: 1797
Generalmajor: 29.10.1800 (w.r.f. 21.12.1800)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 12.02.1809

Elevation of Social Status

Freiherr: 18.05.1798

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 07.07.1794
Colonel-Proprietor of the Artillery Regiment N°1: 1804 – 28.09.1818

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

Frank 4, p.278 | Gatti, ArtAk, p.71f. | Hirtenfeld 1, p.436ff. | MD 8, p.203 | MilSchem | (Wrede) 4, p.466 | Wurzbach 32, p.141ff.

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 S49 Schuller de Ráad, Leopold
 
Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: 1794

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 19.01.1771 (w.r.f. 23.01.1765)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

MilSchem

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 S50 Schultz, Johann Anton
Schultz von Leichtenthal, Johann Anton
 
Personal Information
Born: around 1736
Died: 15.02.1802

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 05.03.1793 (w.r.f. 03.07.1793)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 05.07.1797 (w.r.f. 15.11.1795)
Retired: 1801

Elevation of Social Status

plain nobility: 26.11.1757 (with predicate: "von Leichtenthal")

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Doerr, p.241 | MilSchem

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 S51 Schulz von Rothacker, Franz Johann
 
Personal Information
Born: 17?
Died: Leipnik (Lipník nad Bečvou) / Moravia, 12.12.1810
 
Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst: 12.1800 (?)
Generalmajor: 23.06.1808 (w.r.f. 04.09.1805)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

MilSchem | Nakowitsch, Siegfried: FML Franz Freiherr von Koller (1767-1826). Sein Leben als österreichischer General und Diplomat, Ph.D. thesis, Vienna 1968, p.36 | WZ, 09.07.1808

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 S52 Schusteckh, Emanuel von
Schusteckh und Herve, Emanuel Freiherr von
 
Personal Information
Born: Nimburg (Nymburk) / Bohemia, 11.07.17501
Died: Hermannstadt (Sibiu, Nagyszeben) / Transylvania, 02.06.1827

Family Status

Married: [N.N.] (17??-1827)

Promotions

Major: 16.03.17942
Oberstleutnant: 12.12.17963
Oberst: 29.04.17974
Generalmajor: 29.10.18005 (w.r.f. 24.11.1800)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 14.08.18086

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Military Commander in the Bukovina (Czernowitz): 1801-1805
Deputy Commanding General in Moravia and Silesia: 05.07.1814 – 07.1815
Commanding General ad interim in Moravia and Silesia: 07.1815 – 12.1815
Adlatus of the Commanding General in Moravia and Silesia: 12.1815 – (10.?)1819
Commanding General ad interim in Moravia and Silesia: 10.1819 – 05.1820
Commanding General in Transylvania: 22.05.1820 – 02.06.1827

Elevation of Social Status

Freiherr: 27.07.1797 (with predicate: "und Herve")

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 11.05.1796
2nd Colonel-Proprietor of the Dragoon Regiment N°1: 28.02.1810 – 02.06.1827
I.R. Privy Councillor: 02.01.1817

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

France:
Order of the Légion d'Honneur – CC: 12.11.1814

Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)

Emanuel von Schustekh (since 1797 Freiherr von Herve) was born in Nimburg (Bohemia) in 1750 and entered Austrian military service as Unterleutnant in the Infantry Regiment "Karoly" in 1770. At the beginning of the War of the Bavarian Succession, he transferred as Oberleutnant to the Chevauleger Regiment "Löwenstein" N°18. In August 1778 he was captured by the Prussians.
By January 1793, he was with his regiment in the Netherlands. In the clash at Herve on 4 March of that year, on his own iniative, he led a charge which took a battery of 17 guns and freed four companies of Mahony Jägers who had fallen into French hands. At the battle of Neerwinden on 18 March, he was in the 2nd Line of FML Wenzel Colloredo's troops and on 23 May 1793, he served in the Duke of York's column in the battle of Famars. Together with two English cavalry regiments, he made a charge, which took the village of Queremain and recovered two lost English standards.
After his promotion to Major (16 March 1794) Schusteckh distinguished himself in the battle of Tournay and was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Military Maria Theresian Order. In 1797 he was create Baron with the title "Herve". In the 1796 campaign he was wounded on 6 August near Forcheim, north of Nuremberg, and next year he was promoted to Oberstleutnant, then Oberst and appointed commander of the Wurmser Hussars.
Schustekh served in Italy in 1799 and gathered new honours for himself in the clash at Legnano on 26 March. He was again distinguished at Magnano on 5 April and at Mantua. In the 1800 campaign, he fought in the Austrian defeat at the battle of Casteggio on 9 June and in the disaster at Marengo five days later. Here he was wounded repeatedly. That year he received his promotion to Generalmajor on 29 October.
In 1805 he commanded the rearguard of Kienmayer's corps and was repeatedly distinguished in the desperate fighting at Haag and Lambach on 31 October against Davout's III Corps. He was promoted Feldmarschalleutnant on 14 August 1808, and in the 1809 campaign he initially commanded a division in V Corps, but was then given his independence and operated along the Danube from Linz to Neuaigen. On 3 May he was late in falling back to the Traun crossing point at Ebelsberg, thus the V and VI Austrian Corps became involved in a serious clash with Marshal Massena's corps for possession of the bridge.
Schustekh at last made it across the river but lost a battalion in the process and Massena took the bridge intact. In 1810 Schuhsteck was appointed Inspector-General of Cavalry in Bohemia where he organized the Landwehr in 1813. In 1814 he was awarded the Commander's Cross of the Légion d'Honneur by King Louis XVIII for his concern for the French prisoners in his command. In 1817 he was appointed Commanding General in Transylvania and died in this post on 2 June 1827.

Printed Sources

ADB 33, p.100ff. | Amon, DR9, pp.252, 279ff., 386 | Frank 4, p.281 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.466ff. (wrong: FML in 04.1808) | Leitner 2, p.90ff. (wrong: I.R. Privy Counc. in 1820) | MD 8, p.205 | MilSchem | ÖBL 11, p.383f. | ÖMZ 1834, vol.4, p.142ff. and 262ff.: Maximilian Friedrich Thielen: Nekrolog des k.k. Feldmarschall-Lieutenants Freiherrn von Schustekh-Herve | Sapper, Christian: General der Kavallerie Maximilian Graf Merveldt 1764-1815, Ph.D. thesis, Vienna 1974, p.401 | Svoboda 1, col.68f. | Wrede 3, p.183 | Wurzbach 32, p.236ff. (wrong: Proprietor DR N°1 on 18.02.1810) | WZ, 03.09.1808, 17.03.1810, 24.11.1814, 26.05.1815 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, pp.53, 58, 77

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Amon, DR9, p.279: 11.06.1750 (?) – ÖMZ / Wurzbach / Schmidt-Brentano (item): Szegedin, 10.10.1752 (?)
2) Amon, DR9, p.280: 16.05.1794 (?)
3) Amon, DR9, p.280: 07.12.1796 (?)
4) Amon, DR9, p.280: 01.05.1797 (?)
5) ÖMZ: 28.10.1800 (?)
6) ÖMZ, Svoboda: 14.04.1808 (?)


 
 S53 Schwaeger, Joseph
Schwaeger von Hohenbruck, Joseph
Schwaeger von Hohenbruck, Joseph Freiherr
 
Personal Information
Born: 25.04.1752
Died: Vienna, 05.03.1834

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 15.08.1808 (w.r.f. 02.09.1805)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 27.04.1813

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Commandant of the Oberst-Schiffamt (= Chief of the Pontooneers): 07.1801 – 05.04.18341

Elevation of Social Status

plain nobility (by elevation of a family member): 03.09.1772
Freiherr: 03.02.1820

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

2nd Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°8: 1831 – 05.04.1834

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

Frank 4, p.282f. | Frank-Döfering, 3962 | MilSchem | WZ, 03.09.1808, 11.05.1813, 08.06.1813 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, p.21 | Wrede 1, p.165

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Zivkovic: 03.1834 (?)


 
 S54 Schwarzenberg, Herzog von Krumau, Karl Philipp Fürst zu
 
Personal Information
Born: Vienna, 15.04.1771
Died: Leipzig / Saxony, 15.10.1820

Family Status

Married: 1799 Maria Anna Gräfin von Hohenfeld, the widowed Fürstin Esterházy (1767/68-1848)

Promotions

Major: 21.08.1790
Oberstleutnant: 13.02.1793
Oberst: 23.02.1794
Generalmajor: 06.09.1796 (w.r.f. 10.08.1796)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 04.09.1800 (w.r.f. 03.09.1800)
General der Kavallerie: 26.09.18091
Feldmarschall: 02.10.1812

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Vice-President of the Aulic War Council: 18.03.1805 – 04.03.1806
Ambassador in St. Petersburg (Russia): 27.12.18082 – 28.05.18093
Ambassador in Paris (France)4: 26.11.1809 – 25.04.18135
President of the Aulic War Council: 01.06.1814 – 07.1820
State and Conference Minister: 1818

Field Service (1792-1815)

Commander of the Austrian forces at the combat of Haslach (Albeck): 11.10.1805 (+)
Commander of the 1st Reserve Corps: 07.-11.1809
Commander of the Auxiliar Corps: 05.1812 – 02.1813
Commander of the Austrian forces at the battle of Gorodeczna (Podobna): 12.08.1812 (+)
Commander of the Austrian forces at the battle of Wolkowisk (Izabelin): 14.-16.11.1812 (+)
Commander-in-Chief of the Bohemian Observation Army: 08.05.1813 – 06.1813
Commander-in-Chief of the Bohemian Army (= main army): 06.1813 – 06.1814
Commander of the Allied forces at the battle of Dresden: 26./27.08.1813 (–)
Commander of the Austrian forces at the battle of Peterswalde (Pirna, Hellendorf, Arbesau, Nollendorf, Kninitz): 10.-18.09.1813 (+)
Commander of the Allied forces at the battle of Leipzig: 16.-19.10.1813 (+)
Commander of the Allied forces at the battle of Bar-sur-Aube: 26./27.02.1814 (+)
Commander of the Allied forces at the battle of Laubressel (La Guillotière, Troyes): 03./04.03.1814 (+)
Commander of the Allied forces at the battle of Arcis-sur-Aube: 20./21.03.1814 (+)
Commander-in-Chief of the Army of the Upper Rhine: 04.1815 – 10.1815

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Order of the Golden Fleece: 02.01.1809
Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 25.05.1794 / CC: 28.05.1806 / GC: 19./20.10.1813
Order of St. Stephen – GC: 03.1810
Golden Military Honor Cross 1813/14 (only for Schwarzenberg !): 20.09.1814 (31.05.1814)
Military Honor Cross 1813/14 (Army Cross 1813/14): 20.09.1814
Colonel-Proprietor of the Uhlan Regiment N°2: 12.1800 – 15.10.1820
I.R. Privy Councillor: 09.04.1805
I.R. Chamberlain

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Baden:
Order of Fidelity
Bavaria:
Order of St. Hubert
Military Order of Maximilian Joseph – GC
Denmark:
Order of the Elephant
France:
Orden of the Holy Spirit: 05/06.18166
Order of the Légion d'Honneur – GC
Great Britain:
Order of Bath – GC: 1815
Hannover:
Guelphic Order – GC
Naples-Sicily:
Order of St. Ferdinand and of Merit – GC
Netherlands:
Military Order of William – GC: 27.08.18157
Prussia:
Order of the Black Eagle: 1813
Order of the Red Eagle – 1st cl.
Russia:
Order of St. Andrew: 08./09.1813
Order of St. Alexander Nevskij
Order of St. George 1st cl.: 20.[08.]10.1813
Order of St. Anne 1st cl.
Saxony:
Order of the Rue Crown: 20.09.1815
Sardinia-Piedmont:
Order of the Annunziata: 03.01.1815
Sweden:
Military Order of the Sword – GC

Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)

Karl Fürst zu Schwarzenberg was born on 15 April 1771 into an old and distinguished Franconian-Bohemian family which had been elevated to princely rank in 1670 and had provided several senior generals and statesmen to the Austrian state in the past. Prince Karl entered military service in 1786 in the Kreis Infantry Regiment "Graf von Wolfegg", an Austrian imperial contingent unit. On 29 December 1787, he transferred as an Unterleutant, to the Leib Battalion, of the Infantry Regiment "Braunschweig-Wölfenbüttel" N°10. On 9 February 1788, he went to fight in the wars against the Turks and was promoted Captain for his conduct at Sabacz near Belgrade on 24 April of that year. He served together with Prince Poniatowski and they had become friends some years before.
On 14 November 1788, he transferred to Chevauleger Regiment "Kaiser" N°1. The next year he joined FM Loudon's staff. In 1790 he was promoted to Major and was also taken into the First Arcieren Life Guard (a Viennese court ceremonial unit) as a sergeant.
In 1791 Schwarzenberg transferred to Dragoon Regiment "Baillet de Latour" N°31. He was repeatedly distinguished in the war in the Netherlands at Neerwinden and Tournay. On 13 February 1793, the prince was promoted to Oberstleutnant and given command of the Uhlan Freicorps "Degelmann" in Galicia. The regiment then went to Flanders, where, on 18 March, Schwarzenberg was distinguished in action at Neerwinden, and again at the battle of Famars, on 23 May 1793. In 1794 he was promoted to Oberst and given command of the Cuirassier Regiment "Wallisch" N°21, which was at that time in Vienna. He thus arranged a transfer to Cuirassier Regiment "Zeschwitz" N°10, which was in Flanders. Colonel Prince Schwarzenberg was distinguished in action at Le Cateau (Troisvilles) on 26 April against the Armée des Ardennes under General Chapuy. In this action, he led his regiment and a British heavy cavalry brigade under GM Mansell and Colonel Vyse, into the flank of the enemy column of the French Army. 2,000 French cavalry were overthrown. Schwarzenberg then broke some squares of unsteady French infantry and the day was won for the allies. GdB René-Bernard Chapuy was captured. For this he was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Military Maria Theresian Order on 25 May 1794. In 1795 he was on the upper Rhine under GdK Graf Wurmser, and fought at the Pfrimm on 10 November and Frankenthal two days later. Schwarzenberg fought in the victorious actions at Amberg and Würzburg in 1796 under Erzherzog Carl, and was promoted to Generalmajor. In 1799, he was again in Swabia and fought at Ostrach (21 March) and Stockach (25 March) and distinguished himself at the storm of Mannheim on 18 September.
In September 1800, the Emperor promoted him to Feldmarschalleutnant. He commanded the right wing of the Austro-Bavarian army, under FML Freiherr von Kienmayer at Hohenlinden on 3 December 1800. His division was the only allied formation not to lose a gun in this action but he did lose 30 officers and 1,200 men fighting off the divisions of Bastoul, Grenier and Legrand. He then commanded the rearguard in the withdrawal to Salzburg. He was then made proprietor of Uhlan Regiment N°2 (his old Freicorps). In 1803 he wrote: »The glue which holds the machine (the army) together, is just subordination and again subordination; one should indulge ones-self utterly in it.«
In 1805 Schwarzenberg was appointed Vice President of the Aulic War Council; the same year he commanded a division in the Ulm campaign. On hearing of FML Mack's plans he said: »Oh, how incredibly irresponsible! This frivolous fool led the Austrian army – totally unprepared in every respect – across the Inn on 8 October to invade Bavaria!«. On 11 October, as commander of the Austria advance guard at Haslach, the prince took 800 prisoners, 12 guns and two standards from General Dupont. He escaped from the French encirclement at Ulm and made his way back to Bohemia. He then advised the Austrian Emperor against fighting at Austerlitz but was overruled.
On 28 May 1806 he was awarded the Commander's Cross of the MMTO. He was sent to the Czar on 1 January 1809 to conduct defensive negotiations; the same time Prince Schwarzenberg received the Order of the Golden Fleece.
Schwarzenberg rejoined the army on 3 July at Wolkersdorf, shortly before the battle of Wagram, and took command of a cavalry division. He fought at Wagram on 6 July against Maraluz's cavalry then against Macdonald, then formed the rearguard of the Austrian army. He was in action again at Znaim against Montbrun's cavalry division. In September of that year the Emperor promoted him to General der Kavallerie.
Schwarzenberg now was sent to Paris to negotiate the marriage of Archduchesse Marie Louise to Napoleon. The Emperor thought very well of him. At this time Schwarzenberg wrote: »Napoleon is the greatest prince of his time, but does mean that he cannot be beaten? And if this can be done, why should it not be me that does it? I am not worried by the prospect of standing against him.«
In 1812 GdK prince Schwarzenberg commanded the Austrian corps in the invasion of Russia. This corps operated on the southern flank of the Grande Armée, together with the VII (Saxon) Corps, in the area of the Pripet marshes. He won the battle of Gorodeczna (Podubna) on 12 August against Tormassov and extracted his corps skilfully from the general debacle.
On hearing that Napoleon had proposed that he be promoted to field marshal, he wrote to his wife: »This is fatal for me. I am not worth it. My deep inner satisfaction is my reward; the trust and respect of my comrades - that is my pride.« On 02.10.1812 he was promoted to Feldmarschall.
On 28 March 1813, the new field marshal was sent to Paris to conduct negotiations with Napoleon aimed at securing peace (as envisaged by Metternich, the Austrian Chancellor); he was received by Napoleon on 9 April for an interview of four hours with great friendliness: »Mon cher ami!« said the Emperor in greeting, »Vous avez fait une belle campagne - Vous!«. The negotiations failed because Napoleon insisted that Prussia – which had declared war on France on 28 March – must be destroyed and partitioned. Austria would not agree to this. Napoleon left Paris for Saxony on 14 April. After an audience with the Empress on that same day, Schwarzenberg left Paris for Vienna on 30 April. On 8 May he was appointed to command the Army of Bohemia and a little later Supreme Allied Commander – an utterly thankless task with the three allied monarchs stealing his time and dabbling in his strategic planning.
Prince Schwarzenberg fought at Dresden (where his failure to assault Saint-Cyr's weak garrison on the 25th August ensured the stinging allied defeat in the following battle), Kulm and Leipzig. After the last battle he was greatly honoured by the allied monarchs. He also pleaded with Emperor Francis that the unlucky Baron Mack be released from arrest in the Spielberg fortress and rehabilitated; his request was granted.
After the campaign of 1814 (he was wounded at Bar-sur-Aube) the prince became President of the Aulic War Council. Schwarzenberg suffered a stroke in 1817 which left him partially paralysed. He died of a stroke on 15 October 1820 in the Thomas house on the main square in Leipzig, the place of his biggest victory.

Printed Sources

ADB 33, p.306ff. | Bodart, pp.363, 435, 443, 455, 459, 461, 474, 475, 479 | Hirtenfeld 2, p.1093ff. | Hollins, p.13ff. | HKR-Präs, N°28 (p.46ff.) | Kerchnawe, Hugo – Veltzé, Alois: Feldmarschall Karl Fürst zu Schwarzenberg der Führer der Verbündeten in den Befreiungskriegen. Eine Biographie, Vienna-Leipzig, 1913 | Matsch, pp.113, 122 | MilSchem | ÖBL 12, p.22f. | ÖMZ 1822, vol.3, p.56ff.: Anton von Prokesch-Osten: Fürst Karl zu Schwarzenberg (= Ritter, p.372) | Repertorium 3, p.275f. | Ritter, p.372 (= ÖMZ, year 1822, vol.3, p.56ff.) | Schwarzenberg, Karl Fürst: Feldmarschall Fürst Schwarzenberg. Der Sieger von Leipzig, Munich 1964 | Townsend, p.172 | Victorin, DR7, pp.210, 403 | Vlies-Orden, p.187, N°874 | Wrede 3, p.325 | Wrede (6), pp.20, 32, 33 | Wurzbach 33, p.94ff. | WZ, 01.02.1809, 10.03.1810, 03.10.1812, 07.09.1813, 19.02.1814, 22.09.1814, 26.05.1815, 05.11.1815, 16.06.1816 | Zivkovic, Generalität, pp.14, 39 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, pp.4, 131

Internet Sources

Boettger
Ebert (http://www.napoleon-online.de/AU_Generale/html/schwarzenberg.html)
Jewison/Steiner
Marek (http://genealogy.euweb.cz/schwarzb/schwarzb3.html)
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
Theroff (http://pages.prodigy.net/ptheroff/gotha/schwarzenberg.html)
Uythoven
Vederman

Notes

1) Schwarzenberg / Zivkovic, Generalität: 22.09.1809 (?)
2) Audience of accession: 12.02.1809
3) Matsch, p.122: 20.05.1809 (?)
4) On leave: 22.09.1811 – 12.1811 / absent as Cdr of the Austrian Auxiliary Corps in Russia: 05.1812 – 07.04.1813
5) Date of the last report to Vienna
6) Date of the Imperial permission to accept the order: 10.06.1816
7) Schwarzenberg: 25.08.1815 (?)


 
 S55 Schwarzinger, Johann Franz (Ritter ?) von
 
Personal Information
Born: Vienna, 1737
Died: Vienna, 11.03.1808

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst: 1797
Generalmajor: 27.04.1800 (w.r.f. 20.04.1800)
Retired: 1807

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 11.05.1796
Colonel-Proprietor of the Artillery Regiment N°2: 1804-1807

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Hirtenfeld 1, p.477f. | MilSchem | Wurzbach 32, p.340f. | (Wrede) 4, p.471 | WZ, 04.05.1808

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 S56 Sebottendorf von der Rose, Franz Ludwig Freiherr
 
Personal Information
Born: Brügge / Austrian Netherlands, 22.11.1741
Died: Linz / Upper Austria, 06.05.1822

Family Status

Brother of S57 and S58

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst: 1789
Generalmajor: 11.06.1794 (w.r.f. 04.04.1794)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 06.03.1800 (w.r.f. 05.09.1799)
Retired: 1805

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Fortress Commandant of Braunau: before 1802  1805

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)

Franz Ludwig Freiherr Sebottendorf von der Rose was born on 22 November 1741 in Brügge. On 11 June 1794, he was promoted to Generalmajor. In 1796 he served in Italy, initially under FZM Beaulieu. His division included the brigades of Kerpen, Nicoletti, Rosselmini, Schubirz and 15 squadrons of Neapolitan cavalry. Due to Napoleon's victory at Mondovi on 22 April, the Sardinians dropped out of the war and left the outnumbered Austrians split in two parts. Beaulieu evacuated Lombardy and fell back over the Po on 2 May. Sebottendorf's forces were widely dispersed. On 8 May Lipthay was attacked and defeated by the French at Fombio (SE of Milan, north of the River Po) and his corps dissolved in the retreat. On 10 May, Sebottendorf was attacked and beaten at Lodi on the River Adda by Napoleon with the divisions of Massena and Serrurier. Schubirz had left Lodi before the attack, to fall further back north, according to Beaulieu's orders. The Austrians lost 2,000 men and 15 guns. Sebottendorf now took post with the 6,000 men of the new Austrian centre at Valeggio, southwest of Milan. When the Mincio line was broken at Borghetto on 30 May, he withdrew north, up into the Tyrol. The fighting now died down for a while. Sebottendorf was also in the first and second attempts to relieve Mantua under FM Wurmser. He fought at Bassano on 8 September then went into Mantua with Wurmser. On 6 March 1800, he was promoted to FML. He retired in 1805 and died on 6 May 1822 in Linz.

Printed Sources

Leitner 2, p.65f. | MilSchem | ÖBL 12, p.77f. | Svoboda 1, col.19 (wrong: GM in 1795) | Wurzbach 33, p.247

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 S57 Sebottendorf von der Rose, Ignaz Anton Freiherr
 
Personal Information
Born: Brünn (Brno) / Moravia, 13.06.1749
Died: Linz / Upper Austria, 04.11.1821

Family Status
Brother of S56 and S58
Married: Maria Anna von Riva-Finoli

Promotions

Major: 26.09.1796
Oberstleutnant: 29.04.1797
Oberst: 18.11.1800
Generalmajor: 20.06.1807 (w.r.f. 12.06.1805)
Retired: 07.10.1815

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

Leitner 2, p.88 | MilSchem | Svoboda 1, col.57 (wrong: retired as MG on 16.06.1807) | Wurzbach 33, p.247 | WZ, 04.07.1807, 02.12.1809

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 S58 Sebottendorf von der Rose, Karl Philipp Freiherr
 
Personal Information
Born: Luxemburg / Austrian Netherlands, 17.07.17401
Died: Vienna, 11.04.1818

Family Status

Brother of S56 and S57

Promotions

Major: 1784
Oberstleutnant: 03.1787
Oberst: 10.1787
Generalmajor: 27.02.17932
Feldmarschalleutnant: 04.03.1796 (w.r.f. 04.01.1796)

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Adlatus of the Commanding General in Inner Austria and (since 1805) in the Tyrol: before 1801-1806
Deputy of the President of the Military Appellate Court: 02.1813 – 11.04.1818

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

Hubka, IR22, pp.111, 127 | Leitner 2, p.56ff. | MilSchem | ÖBL 12, p.77 | Svoboda 1, col.19f. | Wurzbach 33, p.245f. | WZ, 11.05.1813 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, p.34

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Schmidt-Brentano: 17.09.1740 (?)
2) Hubka, IR, p.127: 15.03.1793 (?)


 
 S59 Sechter, Johann
Sechter von Hermannstein, Johann Freiherr
 
Personal Information
Born: 1739
Died: Königgrätz (Hradec Králové) / Bohemia, 03.11.1815

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst: 06.11.1795
Generalmajor: 18.11.1799 (w.r.f. 20.12.1799)

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Fortress Commandant of Ehrenbreitstein: 10.10.1794 – ~1797 (?)
Fortress Commandant of Königgrätz: 1799/1800 – 03.11.1815

Elevation of Social Status

Freiherr: 13.01.1797 (with predicate: "von Hermannstein")

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 23.10.1796

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Frank 4, p.293 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.506ff. | MilSchem | Wurzbach 33, p.249f.

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 S60 Seckendorff, Alexander Friedrich Wilhelm Freiherr von
 
Personal Information
Born: 02.08.1743
Died: "Supenheim" (n.l.) / Württemberg, 11.06.1814

Promotions
Major: 1780
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst: 1790
Generalmajor: 01.05.1794 (w.r.f. 30.05.1794)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 02.10.1799 (w.r.f. 12.09.1799)

Chivalric Order

Knight of the Teutonic Order: 1783
Coadjutor of the Bailiwick Hessen: 1801-1803
Province Commander (Landkomtur) of the Bailiwick Hessen: 1803-1809

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

MilSchem | Oldenhage, p.86 | Pizzighelli, DR3, pp.36, 60 | Schmedes, IR28, p.299 | Täubl, p.190

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 S61 Seckendorff, Karl Ludwig Freiherr von
 
Personal Information
Born: 10.10.1717
Died: 1793

Promotions

Major: 04.06.1745
Oberstleutnant: 08.05.1752
Oberst: 09.02.1755
Generalmajor: 11.02.1759 (w.r.f. 16.03.1758)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Amon, IR18, pp.164, 167, 175, 200 | MilSchem

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 S62 Seczujacz, Arsenius
Seczujacz von Heldenfeld, Arsenius
Seczujacz von Heldenfeld, Arsenius Freiherr
 
Personal Information
Born: Syrmia, 1720
Died: Vienna, 13.01.1814

Name Variants

also: Szeczujacz

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant: 1765
Oberst: 1773
Generalmajor: 10.04.1783 (w.r.f. 24.02.1783)

Elevation of Social Status

plain nobility (by elevation of his father): 07.07.1759 (with predicate: "von Heldenfeld")
Freiherr: 26.12.1767

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 30.04.1762

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Frank 4, p.293 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.143f. | MilSchem | Wurzbach 33, p.270f. | WZ, 03.06.1814

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 S63 Seddeler, Wenzel von
 
Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: Wiener Neustadt / Lower Austria, 09.05.1810

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant: 16.07.1783
Oberst: 1784
Generalmajor: 16.01.1790 (w.r.f. 28.12.1789)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Anonym, DR2, pp.217, 277 | MilSchem | WZ, 15.08.1810

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 S64 Seeger, (Johann) Tobias
Seeger von Dürremberg, (Johann) Tobias Freiherr
 
Personal Information
Born: 08.05.1728
Died: Josephstadt (Josefov u Jaromere) / Bohemia, 11.06.1793

Promotions

Major: 1760
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst: 1773
Generalmajor: 07.11.1779 (w.r.f. 05.11.1779)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 06.02.1789 (w.r.f. 02.02.1789)

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Fortress Vice-Commandant of Olmütz: ~ 1778 – 17??
Fortress Commandant of Josephstadt (Pless): 1789 – 11.06.1793

Elevation of Social Status

Freiherr: 25.04.1767

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 22.12.1761

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Frank 4, p.295 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.124f. | MilSchem (wrong: d. 02.1793) | Wurzbach 33, p.306f.

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 S65 Seenuß von Freudenberg, Karl Freiherr
 
Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: 01.01.1805

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 09.11.1781 (w.r.f. 04.11.1781)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

MilSchem

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 S66 Seethal, Johann Baptist Peter von
 
Personal Information
Born: Laibach (Ljubljana) / Carniola, 30.06.1767
Died: Kronstadt (Brassó, Braşov) / Transylvania, 30.12.1840

Promotions

Major: 22.09.1800
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst: 1808
Generalmajor: 27.11.1812
Retired: 07.10.1815

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

Blažekovič, IR31, I, pp.248, 303, 306 | Hold, IR48, pp.73, 84 | Leitner 2, p.140f. (wrong: GM in 1815) | MilSchem | Svoboda 1, col.135 (wrong: GM in 1815) | WZ, 29.12.1812

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 S67 Segond de Sederon, Jakob Chevalier de
 
Personal Information
Born: 1758
Died: Bousset / France, 24.08.1832

Name Variants
(French) Jacques-Marie-Blaise Chevalier de Segond de Sederon

Promotions

France:
Marechal-de-Camp: E. 1792
Into Austrian service: 1793
Generalmajor: 01.03.1804 (w.r.f. 19.03.1804)
Quit: 1811

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)



Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

France:
Military Order of St. Louis – KC: 28.10.1791
USA:
Order of the Cincinnati: 1784

Printed Sources

MilSchem | Six 2, p.443

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 S68 Senitz, Karl von
 
Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: 28.05.1807

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 14.09.1790

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

MilSchem | WZ, 04.07.1807

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 S69 Senitzer, Paul Maria
Senitzer, Paul Maria Freiherr von
 
Personal Information
Born: Freiberg Castle near Gleisdorf / Styria, 1761
Died: Esseg (Osjek, Eszék) / Slavonia, 20.06.1830

Promotions

Major: 01.09.1805
Oberstleutnant: 27.05.1809
Oberst: 22.06.1809
Generalmajor: 27.02.18141

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Fortress Commandant of Esseg: 04.1826 – 20.06.1830

Elevation of Social Status

Freiherr: 22.03.1821

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 13.06.1809

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Naples-Sicily:
Order of St. Ferdinand and of Merit – CC
Papal State:
Order of Christ: 1818
Sardinia-Piedmont:
Order of St. Maurice and St. Lazarus – GC

Printed Sources

ADB 34, p.32f. | Blažekovič, IR31, I, pp.290, 331 / p.370ff. (wrong: MMTO-KC: 13.07.1809 / wrong: rank of FML) | Frank 4, p.302 | Frank-Döfering, 4011 | Hirtenfeld 2, p.1040f. | MilSchem | ÖBL 12, p.176 | Wurzbach 34, p.114f. | WZ, 29.06.1814

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) With army order from 17.03.1814 (Blažekovič, IR31, p.331)
 

 
 S70 Serbelloni, Fabricius Graf von
 
Personal Information
Born: Milan (Milano) / Lombardy, 05.09.1746
Died: Tübingen / Württemberg, 13.03.18001

Name Variants

(Italian) Fabrizio Conte di Serbelloni

Family Status

Married: 1780 Maria Carolina Gräfin von Magnis (1750-1812)

Promotions

Major: 1789
Oberstleutnant: 06.03.17932
Oberst: 10.03.1797
Generalmajor: 06.03.1800 (w.r.f. 18.04.1800)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

MilSchem | Tomaschek, DR8, pp.248, 255, 270, 280, 686, 692, 709 (wrong: GM on 05.05.1800)

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
Shamà
Wikipedia [= http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lista_dei_generali_italiani_(1800-1815) ].- Download: 19.08.2008

Notes

1) Schmidt-Brentano: 18.03.1800 (?)
2) Tomaschek, DR8, p.709: 21.05.1793 (?)


 
 S71 Severoli, Philipp Graf von
 
Personal Information
Born: Faenza / Papal State, 1767
Died: Tusignano / Lombardy, 06.10.1822

Name Variants

(Italian) Filippo Conte di Severoli

Promotions

Italy:
General of Brigade: 1800
General of Division: 1808
Into Austrian service: 1815
Feldmarschalleutnant: (01.04.?)1815
Retired: 12.03.1822

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Fortress Commandant of Piacenza: 1820 – 12.03.1822 (?)

Elevation of Social Status

Italy (France):
Conte di Hannover: ~ 1808

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Order of the Iron Crown 2nd cl.: 1822

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

France:
Order of the Légion d'Honneur – KC
Italy (France):
Order of the Iron Crown 2nd cl.
Parma:
Constantinian Order of St. George – CC: 1821/22

Printed Sources

Lombroso, p.245ff. (wrong: d. 1823) | MilSchem | WZ, 15.04.1815

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
Wikipedia [= http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Filippo_Severoli].- Download: 19.08.2008
Wikipedia [= http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lista_dei_generali_italiani_(1800-1815) ].- Download: 19.08.2008


 
 S72 (Boguslawice-)Sierakowsky, Joseph Graf von
 
Personal Information
Born: around 1734
Died: Vienna, 12.11.1801

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 23.12.1790 (w.r.f. 05.01.1791)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

MilSchem

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 S73 Silly de Tombo, Georg
 
Personal Information
Born: around 1720
Died: Vienna, 16.04.1806

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 06.07.1786 (w.r.f. 02.07.1786)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Decoration of the Elisabeth Theresian Military Foundation: 1801

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Auer, N°291 | MilSchem

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale ("Silly de Domló" ?)


 
 S74 Simbschen, Joseph Anton Freiherr von
 

Personal Information
Born: Kronstadt (Brasov) / Transylvania, 06.10.1746
Died: Vienna, 14.01.1820

Family Status
Married: 1782 Rosalie (von ?) Wagner (1758-1826)

Promotions
Major: 12.07.17861
Oberstleutnant: 06.(03.?).05.1789
Oberst: 06.03.(04.02.?)1790
Generalmajor: 09.12.1795 (w.r.f. 22.05.1794)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 06.03.1800 (w.r.f. 10.09.1799)
Feldzeugmeister: 03.08.18092
Retired: 20.11.1810
Cashiered: 11.07.1815
Rehabilitated: 29.07.1818

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Commanding General in Slavonia and Syrmia: 07.18063 – 24.10.1810 / 20.11.18104

Field Service (1792-1815)
Chief of the Quartermaster General Staff of the Army of Italy: 12.1792 – 01.1796
Commander of the Reserve Corps on the Main river: 1797
Commander of the Austrian forces at the combat of Amsteg (in the valley of the Reuß): 14.-16.08.1799 (–)
Inspector General and Director of the Imperial Defense: 14.02.1800 – (1801 ?)
Commander of the autonomous Corps in Franconia (Germany): 11.1800 – 1.1801
Commander of the autonomous Corps in the Southern Tyrol: 09.1805

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 28.05.18062
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°43: 18.11.1806 – 1809 (disbanded)
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°48: 23.11.1809 – 11.07.1815
I.R. Privy Councillor: 29.07.18072

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)


Biographical Essay (by Albrecht Zimburg)
Publications and archival materials about Simbschen are contradictory in many aspects, mostly where family background and certain dates are concerned. This essay covers the newest findings concerning his life.
Josef Anton Freiherr von Simbschen was a difficult character: noisy and choleric. Indeed, Archduke John referred to him as a “Poltron” – a “loudmouth”.
Simbschen’s choice of words was sometimes unfortunate which made him a lot of enemies. His loud and boasting nature made people think negatively of him (Krones) and while his appearance was honest, straight forward and duty minded, it was not too charming.
He was also not afraid to bend the truth in order to forward his career. He changed his appearance to seem older at the beginning of his career and, later on, to seem younger. Such behaviour was not uncommon in those days where it would make it easier to advance up the ranks. He also reportedly invented a wild story about having noble descent – he called himself a Baron – though this story has not been substantiated. Nevertheless, his nobility was never questioned due to the fact that he earned the MMThO.
Joseph Anton was born in Kronstadt on 6 October 1746. Simbschen’s father, Carl (who later became a General) was an officer in the Army of Maria Theresia and it was only natural at the time for the only son to pursue the same career. Little is known of his youth and early military career. It appears that he started as Kadett in Infantry Regiment “Puebla” N°26 in 1761. Only a year later, in 1762 he was transferred as Leutnant to Hussar Regiment “Széchényi” N°3. After six years, in 1768, he was transferred to the (Quartermaster) General Staff and on 18 December 1771 to Infantry Regiment “Pálffy” N°53, which was the regiment of which his father was once the commander and proprietor. On 20 March 1773 he was transferred again, this time to the Otocaner Grenz Infantry Regiment N°2 and shortly afterwards, on 1 June 1773, he was apparently able to buy himself a commission as Kapitänleutnant. During the War of the Bavarian Succession he served as Hauptmann in the General Staff and participated under the command of FZM Stain in the successful attack on the entrenchments at Gieshübl and at Weißkirchen in Silesia. In mid 1779, he returned to his former position as Company Commander in the Otocaner Grenz Infantry Regiment N°2.
In 1782 he got married to Rosalie (von ?) Wagner, daughter of a wealthy family (her brothers owned Neudeck und Schönwalde near the city of Eger in Bohemia), against payment of security of 6000 fl. On 12 July 1786 he was promoted to Major and Navy-Commandant in Zengg (Senj) and Carlopano. That same year (1786) he accompanied the young Archduke Francis (soon to be Emperor Francis II./I.) on a trip through the Croatian Coastal Lands. He returned to his post in Grenz Infantry Regiment N°2 on 20 November 1787, only to be transferred on 01 August 1788 to Grenz Infantry Regiment N°10. In the war against Turkey in 1788/90 he took part in the capture of Dubicza, Novi, Berbir and Czettin, as well as in actions at Negotin and again Czettin.
According to some sources he was transferred to the General Staff on 17 February 1789. On 3 or 6 May 1789 he was promoted to Oberstleutnant, he might have been transferred to the General Staff at theses dates. Only a little less than a year later, on 6 March 1790 (or 4 February 1790) he was already promoted to Oberst. After this war he was again transferred on 21 September (May ?) 1791 back to the 1st Banal Grenz Infantry Regiment N°10 (supernumerary).
From December 1792 (or unlikely: 3 September 1793 ?) until January 1796 he was CoS of the Army of Italy. He went on a secret spying mission together with the later General Franz Xaver Richter von Binnenthal (see: R30). The aim of the mission was to investigate possible landing zones of French forces along the Italian coast. Dressed up as merchants, the two also spied on the French envoy Semonville, who was later arrested based on the results of this mission.
Simbschen witnessed the action at Dego, Savona und Loano in 1794 and 1795. Initially, he and FZM Joseph De Vins appear to have been on friendly terms however, the relationship must have deteriorated quite rapidly. The unsuccessful and disastrous campaign in 1795, which blighted De Vin’s carrer, did not tarnish Simbschen’s reputation as De Vins’ detailed orders did not give Simbschen room to apply his own judgement and in any case, De Vins deliberately kept his Chief of the General Staff uninformed and away from the decision making process. Simbschen was promoted to Generalmajor and transferred to the Army of Germany on 9 December 1795.
During the 1796 campaign Simbschen took part at the actions of Wetzlar, Kirchheim, Friedberg, Limburg and Neuwied and the defense of Mainz. He commanded three sorties, participated in the action at Wiesbaden (09.09.1796) and witnessed the Fall of Dietz and Bingen. In 1797 he was commander of a reserve corps on the river Main and had to cover Frankfurt. He also saw action at Limberg, Wiesbaden and Königstein.
In 1799, Simbschen, while commanding the Corps of Sztáray, who was indisposed, reached the battlefield of Stockach too late and, with only his advance troops, chased away the already beaten troops of St. Cyr and Vandamme. With these troops he conitnued to advance and pressed French troops out of Rottweil, Offenburg, Freudenstadt and Kniepiss, after which he moved to Kehl on the River Rhine.
Later, Simbschen took part in the action at Andelfingen as well as the 1st battle of Zürich on 4 June 1799, where he commanded a brigade on the right wing of the army under FML Nauendorf. In August 1799 he was commanding an isolated brigade in Switzerland, which got pushed back on the 14 August at Amsteg. He had to retreat under heavy pressure from Lecourbe via the Devils Bridge (which he destroyed), Andermatt, the Oberalppass and finally from Illanz to Davos where he managed to establish communication with the main body of Archduke Charles’s army. On 14 February 1800 he was appointed as Inspector General and Director of the Imperial Defense and shortly afterwards promoted to Feldmarschalleutnant on 6 March 1800.
In the 1800 campaign in Germany he saw action at the relief of Würzburg. During the winter campaign he stood with 10.000 troops between Bamberg and Forchheim to shield Franconia together with Klenau’s Division against the 19.000 strong Gallo-Batavian Army of Augereau. On the day of the battle of Hohenlinden (03.12.1800), he was unsuccessfully attacked by Augereau’s troops at Burg-Eberach. Close to Christmas, he fought the actions at Neuhof, Grafenberg and Neukirchen (20 and 21 December 1800) against the corps of Duhesme, who was forced to retreat. As the main army had to retreat, Simbschen and Klenau had to return behind the River Rednitz.
On the 28 December he was again attacked at Neukirchen, but this time was able to stay his ground. Later he pulled back to Hersbruck, where he stayed until the end of the campaign.
In September 1805 he commanded a Corps in South Tyrol. He played a decisive part in the Battle of Caldiero from 29. - 31.10.1805 for which he was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Military Maria Theresian Order.
After the 1805 war he was awarded the proprietorship of Infantry Regiment N°43 on 1 November 1806 (which after its disbandment in 1809 was changed to Infantry Regiment N°48) in further recognition of his services.
1806 saw him as Military Commander in Agram (Zagreb) and in June 1807 he was appointed as the Commanding General in Slavonia and Syrmia, based in Peterwardein (Petrovaradin). There he played an important role in developing the relationship between Austria and the rebellious Serbs, who were suffering under the Turkish yoke. On several occasions he personally held negotiations with their leader, Karageorgevich (George Petrović), the leader of the Serb uprising. Simbschen’s eldest son Josef Karl (later also awarded with the MMTO for Leipzig 1813) acted as a trusted go-between.
Simbschen, like all the other military commanders who knew the military border well (and spoke the language!), favoured the Serbs. Archduke Charles held the same views and Simbschen was counted as one of “his” men. On 03 August 1809 he was promoted to Feldzeugmeister. But on 24 October 1810 he was recalled and retired on 20 November 1810 with a salary of grace of 4000 fl. (supreme Imperial decision from 20.11.10).
What happened to Simbschen’s career? First, in 1809 Simbschen had the difficult task of negotiating the voluntary “Anschluß” of Serbia without rebuffing Russia and Turkey. In doing this, he negotiated directly with Karageorgevich, who trusted Simbschen. Karageorgevich asked for Austrian protection and wanted in return the handover of the fortresses of Belgrade, Semendria and Šabac. However, the Serb-friendly views of the Austrian Generals stationed at the border were not shared by everybody in the Austrian army. After the lost war of 1809 Metternich, stationed in distant Vienna, had different views of the matter: he wanted stability and above all neither he nor Napoleon wanted to provoke Russia, which was needed as an ally or at least not as enemy in the upcoming war. Any engagement with the Serbs was strictly forbidden.
A great opportunity had been missed. Austria lost the abandoned Serbs’ sympathy forever! The bitterly disappointed Karageorgevich turned for help towards Russia, the fellow Slavic big brother. Simbschen not only lost face with Karageorgevich but on top of that had to serve as scapegoat for this break-away of the Serbs.
A second factor contributing to Sibschen’s fall in grace was the resignation of his supporter, Archduke Charles as supreme commander of the Army (Generalissimus) in 1809. With Archduke Charles’ protection was gone, Simbschen’s enemies in Vienna were ready. He was recalled in autumn of 1810 and had to face an inquiry, which resulted in the humiliating arrest of the nearly 66 year old general in August 1812. He was court-martialed in December 1813, charged with the following:
1. Abuse of office
2. Partial responsibility for defrauding the Turkish (!) Empire of a sum of 26.000 Piaster
3. Suspicious increase of his private funds during his stay in Slavonia
4. Breach of duty by supplying the rebellious Serbs with ammunition and handing over Miloš Petrivić, a leader of Serb robbers.
Despite a lack of foundations to the accusations and an excellent defence, which he delivered  himself, he was unsuccessful in the end. The truth was that he just had stepped on too many toes and obstructed too many illegal businesses, which was not to the liking of some of the beneficiaries who were connected to high places in Vienna. Simbschen had fallen victim to a plot, the details of which have been explained by the Austrian historian Franz Krones (Josef Freiherr von Simbschen und die Stellung Österreichs zur serbischen Frage 1807-1810, and also: FZM Joseph Freiherr von Simbschen 1810-1818. Sein kriegsrechtlicher Prozeß und seine Rehabilitierung.- both see: printed sources).
The Military Court did not at first follow the prosecution and instead of four years imprisonment, loss of his rank and also loss of his MMTO, sentenced him mildly to one year (military) house arrest. This verdict was not sufficient for certain people involved and the Aulic War Council intervened and nullified the verdict on 12 July 1815 and sentenced Simbschen to two years in prison; only his already served prison term was deducted. Interestingly enough he was allowed to keep his “Gnadengehalt” of 4000 fl per year to sustain his family (09.08.1815).
In prison, Simbschen wrote a four hundred page explanation, which was given to the president of the Aulic War Council FM Schwarzenberg, who took it to the Emperor. The explanation resulted in the full reinstatement of Simbschen’s rank, title, MMTO, pension, etc. on 1 August 1818. The “Gnadengehalt” was changed into his official pension. (supreme Imperial decision from 29.07.1818)
But the strain of these years took its toll, he never fully recovered from the years in prison and died in January 1820. His remains were buried at the cemetery of St. Marx in Vienna. The location of his grave can still be found today on the plan of the cemetery, but the grave itself no longer exists.
Simbschen had four children, three sons and one daughter. The sons all pursued successful military careers. Two of them earned the MMTO: the eldest son, Josef Karl in 1815 (for his conduct at the Battle of Leipzig in 1813) and Carl, a die-hard Cavalry Commander, in 1850 for his achievements in the Battle at Komorn (02.07.1849). Josef Karl died as Oberst in 1824, but the two other brothers, Carl and Ferdinand, both rose to the rank of Feldmarschalleutnant. Only Josef Karl and Ferdinand had issue.

Printed Sources
ADB 54, p.345ff. | Bodart, p.341 | Hirtenfeld 2, p.784ff. (wrong: b. 1745) | Hold, IR48, pp.68, 133f. | Ilwof, Franz: FZM Joseph Freiherr von Simbschen und Österreichs Verhältnis zu Serbien in den Jahren 1805-1811. In: Österreich-Ungarische Revue 15, 1893, pp.169-196. | Jäger-Sunstenau, Hanns: Über die unberechtigte Führung von Adelstiteln. In: Adler, year 1943, issue January-March, pp.18-19 | Krones, Franz: Josef Freiherr von Simbschen und die Stellung Österreichs zur serbischen Frage 1807-1810. In: Archiv für österreichische Geschichte 76, Vienna 1890, pp.127-260 | Krones, Franz: FZM Joseph Freiherr von Simbschen 1810-1818. Sein kriegsrechtlicher Prozeß und seine Rehabilitierung. In: Archiv für österreichische Geschichte 77, Vienna 1891, pp.151-264. | MilSchem | ÖBL 12, p.274f. | Regele, p.28 (wrong: b. 1745) | Rothenberg, Militärgrenze, p.160 (= Rothenberg, Military Border, p.105) | Tischler, Ulrike: Die habsburgische Politik gegenüber den Serben und Montenegrinern 1791-1822 (= Südosteuropäische Arbeiten 108), Munich 2000 | Wrede 1, p.453 | Wrede 2, p.242 | Wurzbach 34, p.309ff. | WZ, 04.07.1807, 25.11.1809 | Zivkovic, Generalität, p.38 (FZM on 31.07.1809 ?) | Zivkovic, Heerführer, pp.68, 109, 129

Internet Sources
Ebert (http://www.napoleon-online.de/AU_Generale/html/simbschen.html) (wrong: b. 1745)
Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes
1) According to most of the documents in the Austrian War Archive (personnel sheet, service record, transfer record) and contrary to the muster roll of the Infantry Regiment N°48 from 1811, which date – 06.06.1783 – seems do be wrong.
2) On 11 July 1815 condemned by military court to lose his rank (FZM) and all his orders and dignities (MMTO, regimental proprietorship, privy councillor). Rehabilitated on 29 July 1818 by supreme Imperial resolution.
3) Rothenberg, Militärgrenze, p.160: 06.1807 (?)
4) Date of the supreme Imperial resolution / actual date of the handing-over of office



 
 S75 Sinzendorf, Rudolf Graf von
 
Personal Information
Born: Vienna, 08.04.1757
Died: Vienna, 15.05.18121

Family Status

Unmarried

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant: 1797
Oberst: 1799
Generalmajor: 01.09.1805 (w.r.f. 29.03.1805)
Retired: 1810

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 11.05.1796
I.R. Chamberlain

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Arnegger, Katharina: Das Geschlecht der Sinzendorf, Ph.D. thesis, Vienna 2000, p.116f. | Hirtenfeld 1, p.478f. | MD 5, p.65 (wrong: d. 12.04.1812) | MilSchem | Wurzbach 35, p.26f. (wrong: d. 15.05.1811) | WZ, 24.06.1812

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Arnegger, p.116 / MD 5: 12.04.1812 (?)


 
 S76 Siré, Peter von
 
Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: 02.08.1816

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 28.03.1808 (w.r.f. 02.07.1805)
Feldmarschalleutnant (title): 23.10.1814
Retired: 23.10.1814

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

MilSchem | WZ, 04.05.1808

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 S77 Skal und Großellgut, (Johann) Ferdinand Ritter von
Skal und Großellgut, (Johann) Ferdinand Freiherr von
 
Personal Information
Born: 23.01.1744
Died: Vienna, 26.05.1810

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 03.09.1799 (w.r.f. 01.09.1799)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 01.09.1805 (w.r.f. 19.09.1805)

Field Service (1792-1815)

Chief of the Quartermaster General Staff ad interim of the Army of the Rhine: 07.-08.1794

Elevation of Social Status

Freiherr: 20.04.1801

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Frank 5, p.10 | Regele, p.29 | MilSchem | WZ, 15.08.1810 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, p.108

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 S78 Skaricza von Ratkócz, Johann
 
Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: Preßburg (Pozsony, Bratislava) / Hungary, 12.01.1804

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 11.07.1798 (w.r.f. 02.07.1798)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

MilSchem

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 S79 Smackers de Mirwart, Heinrich Freiherr
 
Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: Mariaschein (Bohosudov) / Bohemia, 16.01.18041

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 15.02.1786 (w.r.f. 11.02.1786)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 27.02.1793 (w.r.f. 15.02.1793)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

MilSchem

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale (wrong: "Smackers de Miremont")

Notes

1) Schmidt-Brentano: 06.01.1805 (?)


 
 S80 Smola, Joseph von
Smola, Joseph Freiherr von
 
Personal Information
Born: Teplitz (Teplice) / Bohemia, 12.06.17641
Died: Vienna, 29.11.1820

Family Status

Married: 1800 Marie Freiin von Häring (1771-1807)
Son-in-law of H5 (Häring)

Promotions

Major: 01.12.1800
Oberstleutnant: 03./04.1808
Oberst: 18.03.1809
Generalmajor: 27.04.1813

Elevation of Social Status

Freiherr: 07.11.1816

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 07.07.1794 / CC: 24.05.1809

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Russia:
Order of St. Vladimir 3rd cl.: 1815

Printed Sources

ADB 34, p.495ff. | Frank 5, p.15 | Frank-Döfering, 4076 | Gatti, ArtAk, p.105f. | Hirtenfeld 2, p.865ff. | Kerchnawe, Hugo: Ehrenbuch unserer Artillerie, vol.1, Vienna 1935, p.8f. | MD 5, p.68 | MilSchem | ÖBL 12, p.372f. | ÖMZ, year 1845, vol.3, p.69ff., 127ff.: K.S.: Erinnerungen an den kaiserlich-östreichischen Generalmajor in der Artillerie Joseph Freiherrn von Smola | Werth, Albert: Erinnerungen an den kaiserlich österreichischen Generalmajor in der Artillerie Josef Freiherrn von Smola. In: Mitteilungen über Gegenstände des Artillerie- und Geniewesens. Ed. by the k.u.k. Technisches Militärkomitee, year 36, Vienna 1905, p.607ff. | Wurzbach 35, p.186ff. | WZ, 04.05.1808, 11.05.1813, 08.06.1813, 18.10.1815

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Schmidt-Brentano: 03.07.1764 (?)
 


Placed on the Napoleon Series: September 2008; updated December 2008

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