Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics



By Leopold Kudrna, with Biographical Essays by Digby Smith.




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Austrian Generals
1792-1815


S
 
Part 2
 
Sobietitzky  to  Sztáray





 S81 Sobietitzky von Sobietitz, Anton

Personal Information

Born: around 1733
Died: Schichovitz (Žichovice) / Bohemia, 18.05.18051

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 22.10.1795 (w.r.f. 21.05.1794)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Decoration of the Elisabeth Theresian Military Foundation: 1797

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Auer, N°292 | MilSchem

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) MilSchem, year 1806, p.395: 18.04.1805 (?)


 
 S82 Solaroli, Joseph Graf von

Personal Information

Born: around 1739
Died: Bologna / Papal State, 19.05.1805

Name Variants

also: Salaroli, Salarolli

Promotions

Major: 18.03.1790
Oberstleutnant: 28.07.1794
Oberst: 22.03.1797
Generalmajor: 22.07.1799 (w.r.f. 16.07.1799)
Retired: 07.1799

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Amon, IR47, p.291, 327, 371, 396 | MilSchem

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
Wikipedia [= http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lista_dei_generali_italiani_(1800-1815) ].- Download: 19.08.2008


 
 S83 Sommariva, Hannibal Marchese
 
Personal Information
Born: Lodi / Lombardy, 10.03.1755
Died: Vienna, 10.07.1829

Name Variants
(Italian) Annibale Marchese di Sommariva

Promotions

Major: 11.1780
Oberstleutnant: 01.1793
Oberst: 04.1796
Generalmajor: 02.10.1799 (w.r.f. 10.11.1799)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 01.01.1807
General der Kavallerie: 21.01.1817

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Governor-General of the Tuscan Provinces: 1800-1801
Military Commander in Silesia (Troppau): 1807 – 01.1811
Adlatus of the Commanding General in Upper and Lower Austria: 2nd H. 1814 – 05.1816
Deputy Commanding General in Upper and Lower Austria: 05.1816 – 10.1820
Commanding General in Upper and Lower Austria and in Salzburg: 10.1820 – 10.07.1829
Captain of the Trabanten Life Guard and the Hofburgwache: 01.1825 – 10.07.1829

Field Service (1792-1815)

Commander of the 1st Army Corps: 09.-11.1809
Commander of the Left Wing Corps of the Army of Italy: 09.-10.1813
Commander of the Right Wing Corps of the Army of Italy: 10.1813 – 04.1814

Elevation of Social Status

Imperial approval of the Italian title of count: 21.11.1816

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 17.04.1799
Order of the Iron Crown 1st cl.: 12.02.1816
Military Honor Cross 1813/14 (Army Cross 1813/14)
Colonel-Proprietor of the Cuirassier Regiment N°5: 2nd H. 1806 – 10.07.1829
I.R. Privy Councillor: 10.1816
I.R. Chamberlain

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Russia:
Order of St. Alexander Nevskij: 1818

Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)

Hannibal Marchese Sommariva was born on 10 March 1755 in Lodi, Lombardy and entered Austrian military service in 1771 as an Unterleutnant in the Dragoon Regiment "Bettoni" N°28. In 1773 he was promoted 2nd Rittmeister and he distinguished himself both in the War of the Bavarian Succession in 1778 and in the wars against the Turks in 1788/89. Promoted to 1st Rittmeister in 1778, Major in 1780 and to Oberstleutnant in 1793 when he was posted to the Netherlands. He was distinguished in the 1st battle of Fleurus on 16 June 1794, and in 1796 was promoted Oberst and made CO of his regiment. He was again distinguished in the clash at Amberg on 24 August of that year.
In the 1799 campaign Sommariva's regiment served in Italy where, on 26 March, they took 14 guns from the French at the clash of Legnano. Four days later, his regiment again contributed greatly to the French defeat at Perona. At the battle of Magnano on 5 April 1799, his regiment saved the day at one critical point and this led to the Austrian victory over French General Scherer. For this, Sommariva was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Military Maria Theresian Order. His conduct in the subsequent campaign led to his promotion to Generalmajor on 2 October of that year.
In 1800 GM Sommariva took over command of the Tuscan army and was appointed GOC the state. The French invasion brought his rule to an end and he was forced to flee his headquarters at midnight 14/15 October. He rejoined the Austrian army's main body on 6 January 1801 and was given command of a brigade in the rearguard. He fought minor actions at Montebello and other points.
In 1805 he again served in Italy as brigade commander in FML Vukassovich's division of General Bellegarde's right wing. In 1806 he was appointed Proprietor of Cuirassier Regiment N°5 and on 1 January 1807 Sommariva received his promotion to Feldmarschalleutnant and appointed Military Commander in Silesia (Troppau).
During the beginning of the campaign of 1809 Sommariva commanded a division in Orsini-Rosenberg's IV Corps, and on 19 April, at Dünzling, he charged and overthrew Pajol's brigade. He fought again at Eggmühl on 22 April, where he commanded the rearguard of the right wing. He was then transferred to FZM Kolowrat's III Corps and fought at Linz-Urfahr on 17 May, but did not serve in the later actions of this campaign or in 1812.
In 1813 he commanded a division in the Army of Innerösterreich. On 21 January 1817 he was promoted General der Kavallerie. He died on 10 July 1829 in Vienna.

Printed Sources

ADB 34, p.592ff. | Frank 5, p.20 | Frank-Döfering, 4093 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.537ff. (wrong: Mjr in 1789) | MilSchem | Nekrolog 1829, N°1044 (p.947) | ÖBL 12, p.410 | Pizzighelli, DR5, pp.88, 113, 249 | Wrede 3, p.153 | Wrede (6), p.66 | Wurzbach 35, p.271ff. | WZ, 20.02.1816, 11.10.1816 | Zivkovic, Generalität, p.40 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, pp.44, 49, 74, 130, 133

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
Wikipedia [= http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/I_ministri_della_guerra_e_marina_italiani_(1800-1815) ].- Download: 19.08.2008


 
 S84 Sonntag von Sonnenstein, Prokop

Personal Information

Born: 17??
Died: Budweis (České Budějovice) / Bohemia, 27.01.1819

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 01.02.1809
Retired: 01.02.1809

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Decoration of the Elisabeth Theresian Military Foundation: 03./-/06.1814

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

Auer, N°293 | MilSchem | WZ, 28.06.1814

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 S85 Soreth, Michael von

Personal Information

Born: 17??
Died: Petrinja / Croatia, 09.09.1810

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 16.01.1810

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

MilSchem | WZ, 17.03.1810

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 S86 Soro, Johann Graf von
 
Personal Information
Born: Ofen (Buda) / Hungary, 1730
Died: Lugosch (Lugos, Lugoj) / Banat / Hungary, 18.02.18091

Family Status

Married: [N.] von Hübner (~1746-1818)

Promotions

Major: 25.10.1756
Oberstleutnant: 18.06.17572
Oberst: 09.02.1759
Generalmajor: 12.11.1768 (12.01.1760)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 07.10.1788 (01.10.1788)
Feldzeugmeister: 24.04.1805

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Fortress Commandant of Temesvár: 1767-1791
Commanding General in the Banat: 09.1790 – 24.04.1805

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 04.12.1758

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Amon, IR4, pp.112, 125, 140f. | Böhm 1, p.414 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.67 | MilSchem | Petri, Anton Peter: Die Festung Temeschwar im 18. Jahrhundert. Beiträge zur Erinnerung an die Befreiung der Banater Hauptstadt vor 250 Jahren, Munich 1966, pp.82, 83 (wrong: GdK instead of FZM) | Preyer, p.115 | Wettel, Franz: Biographische Skizzen. Beiträge zur Geschichte des Banats.- 3rd ed., Temesvár 1932, p.102ff. | Wurzbach 36, p.29 | Zivkovic, Generalität, p.37 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, p.69

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Amon IR4, p.141 / Hirtenfeld / MilSchem, year 1810, p.396: 15.02.1809 (?)
2) Amon IR4, p.125: 24.08.1757 (?)


 
 S87 Sorriot de l’Hoste, Andreas Chevalier
Sorriot de l’Hoste, Andreas Freiherr

Personal Information

Born: Vienna, 1767
Died: Guntramsdorf / Lower Austria, 03.08.1831

Name Variants

also: Soriot

Family Status

Married: 1810 [N.] Freiin von Moser

Promotions

Major: 1800
Oberstleutnant: 1803
Oberst: 1806
Generalmajor: 26.09.1809
Retired: 1809

Field Service (1792-1815)

Adjutant-General of the Army of the Tyrol: 11.1805
Adjutant-General of the Army of Italy: 12.1805 – 01.1806

Elevation of Social Status

Freiherr: 21.07.1810

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

Doerr, p.281 | Frank 5, p.23 | Frank-Döfering, 4140 | Gatti, IngAk, p.322f. | MilSchem | Zivkovic, Heerführer, p.119

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 S88 Soudain, Karl Joseph
Soudain von Niederwerth, Karl Joseph
 
Personal Information
Born: Hyon near Mons (Bergen)1 / Austrian Netherlands, 06.06.1743
Died: Mons (Bergen) / Austrian Netherlands, 03.02.1831

Name Variants

(French) Charles-Joseph Soudain de Niederwerth

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst: 01.11.17991
Generalmajor: 01.09.18052 (w.r.f. 06.02.1804)
Retired: 09.02.1806
Removed from the army lists: 1812

Elevation of Social Status

plain nobility: 24.10.1819 (with predicate: "von Niederwerth")

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

Beran IR55, p.3f. (wrong: b. 1746) | Frank 5, p.24 | Frank-Döfering, 4143 | Guillaume, p.205f. (wrong: b. in Brussels) | MilSchem | Nahlik, IR55, pp.1f., 25

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Beran, IR55, p.4: 03.11.1799 (?)
2) Nahlik, IR55, p.25: 27.08.1805


 
 S89 Spangen von Uyternesse, Karl Joseph Graf

Personal Information

Born: Bergen (n.l.), 05.08.1763
Died: Vienna, 01.04.1824

Name Variants

(French) Charles-Joseph Comte de Spangen et d’Uyternesse

Family Status

Nephew of C26 (Clerfayt)
Married (1): 1803 Anne Marie de La Fons (17??-18??)
Married (2): 1808 Hortense de La Fons (1775-1847)

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 01.09.1805 (w.r.f. 12.02.1804)
Retired: 1806

Field Service (1792-1815)

Commander of the Austrian garrison of Memmingen: 14.10.1805 (–)

Chivalric Order

Knight of the Order of Malta

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

I.R. Chamberlain

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

Bodart, p.364 | Guillaume, p.214 | (MD 8, p.226) | MilSchem

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
Van den Pas, Leo: Spangen [= http://worldroots.com/brigitte/royal/plantagenet/philipsvanspangendesc.htm].- Download: 06.08.2007


 
 S90 Spannocchi, Lelio Freiherr von
 
Personal Information
Born: Siena / Tuscany, 11.01.1739
Died: Olmütz (Olomouc) / Moravia, 28.07.1809

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 02.10.1799 (w.r.f. 21.10.1799)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 13.04.1806
Retired: 1806

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Tuscany:
Order of St. Stephen (?) – ?C: before 1796

Printed Sources

MilSchem | ÖBL 13, p.1

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
Wikipedia [= http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lista_dei_generali_italiani_(1800-1815) ].- Download: 19.08.2008

 
 
 S91 Specht, Joseph von

Personal Information

Born: around 1736
Died: 04.07.1804

Promotions

Major: 1783
Oberstleutnant: 1788
Oberst: 1789
Generalmajor: 22.02.1794 (w.r.f. 10.02.1794)
Retired: 1796

Field Service (1790-1815)

Chief of the Quartermaster General Staff of the Main Army: 01.1790 – 10.1791

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Gatti, IngAk, p.202 | MilSchem | Zivkovic, Heerführer, p.108

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 S92 Speth von Zwiefalthen, Sebastian Franz Solanius Freiherr
 
Personal Information
Born: Obermarchtal / Württemberg, 1754
Died: 03.04.1812

Promotions

France:
Lieutenant Colonel: 03.1791
Into Austrian service: 01.02.1793
Oberstleutnant: 01.02.1793
Oberst: 31.05.1800
Generalmajor: 01.09.1805 (w.r.f. 15.11.1803)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 25.08.1809

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 07.07.1794

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Amon, DR9, pp.229, 231, 387 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.434f. | MilSchem | Strobl, DR12, p.112 | Wengen, DR13, p.580f. | Wurzbach 36, p.144f. (wrong: Oberst in 05.1799) | WZ, 25.11.1809, 03.06.1812

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 S93 Spiegel, Leberecht Konrad Karl Ritter von

Personal Information

Born: 26.11.1731
Died: Kirchberg (Kostelni) / Bohemia, 12.02.1805

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 04.03.1796 (w.r.f. 26.05.1794)
Retired: 28.05.1798

Elevation of Social Status

Ritter: 12.06.1783 (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Doerr, p.262 (?) | MilSchem

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 S94 Spiegel, (Friedrich Ernst) Raban Freiherr von
 
Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: Vienna, 09.01.1836

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst: (30.05.?)1809
Generalmajor: 30.10.1813
Feldmarschalleutnant: 27.06.1829
Retired: 06.04.1831

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

2nd Colonel-Proprietor of the Cuirassier Regiment N°4: 1831-1835
Colonel-Proprietor of the Cuirassier Regiment N°4: 1835 – 09.01.1836
I.R. Chamberlain

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Naples-Sicily:
Order of St. Ferdinand and of Merit – CC: 1817

Printed Sources

MilSchem | Pizzighelli, DR10, pp.262, 268, 422 | Wrede 3, p.145 | WZ, 10.11.1813

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale ("Spiegel von Pickelsheim zum Desenberg" ?)


 
 S95 Spiegelberg, Joseph von

Personal Information

Born: Westum / Münster, 1743
Died: 10.04.1799

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant: 03.1790
Oberst: 1790
Generalmajor: 04.03.1796 (w.r.f. 15.09.1794)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 11.05.1796

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Hirtenfeld 1, p.486ff. (wrong: GM on 01.03.1796) | MilSchem | Wurzbach 36, p.148f.

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 S96 Splény de Miháldy, Franz Freiherr
 
Personal Information
Born: Casalmaggiore / Lombardy, 17.11.1774
Died: Klausenburg (Kolozsvár, Cluj-Napoca) / Transylvania, 09.01.18291

Family Status

Son of S97
Nephew of S99
Brother of S98
Married: Anna Macskásy (?-1843)

Promotions

Major: 01.04.1800
Oberstleutnant: 08.1800
Oberst: 26.08.1806
Generalmajor: 24.05.1809
Feldmarschalleutnant: 30.04.1815
Retired: 23.02.1828

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

2nd Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°31: 08.05.1823 – 13.12.1825
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°31: 13.12.1825 – 09.01.1829
I.R. Chamberlain

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Blažekovič, IR31, I, pp.263, 288, 356, 361f. (wrong: b. 1768) | Hoen, 1809/IV, p.802, note 1 | MilSchem | ÖBL 13, p.44 | Wrede 1, p.338 | (Wurzbach 36 p.202: genealogical table) | WZ, 08.05.1815

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Blažekovič, IR31, I, p.362: 07.01.1829 (?)


 
 S97 Splény de Miháldy, Gabriel Anton Freiherr
 
Personal Information
Born: Ternye (Terňa) / Com. Sáros / Hungary, 02.10.1734
Died: Szilvás-Újfalu (Slivník) / Com. Semlin (Zemplén) / Hungary, 01.04.1818

Family Status

Brother of S99
Father of S96 and S98
Married (1): Susanna Brnin von Orczy (1744-1783)
Married (2): Juliana Brnin von Ghillányi (17??-1814)

Promotions

Major: 1760
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst: 1768
Generalmajor: 01.05.1773 (w.r.f. 25.08.1770)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 28.03.1785 (w.r.f. 26.03.1785)
Retired: 17951

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Province Administrator (Landes-Administrator) (i.e. Civil and Military Governor) in the Bukovina: 01.09.1774 – 06.04.1778
Adlatus of the Commanding General in Galicia: 10.1787 – 04.1788
Fortress Commandant ad interim of Olmütz: 1794-1795

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 21.12.1789 / CC: 19.12.1790
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°51: 1788 – 01.04.1818
I.R. Privy Councillor: 1795

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

ADB 35, p.232ff. | Hirtenfeld 1, p.291ff. | MilSchem | ÖBL 13, p.43f. | Ritter, p.46(bis)ff. | Wrede 1, p.471 | Wurzbach 36, p.199ff. | Zivkovic, Heerführer, p.63

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Schmidt-Brentano: 1794 (?)


 
 S98 Splény de Miháldy, Ignaz Pankraz Galeaz Freiherr
 
Personal Information
Born: Milan (Milano) / Lombardy, 30.04.17721
Died: Miskoltz (Miskolcz) / Com. Borsod / Hungary, 20.03.1840

Family Status

Son of S97
Nephew of S99
Brother of S96
Married: 1807 Maria Szily de Nagy-Szigeth (?-1852)

Promotions

Major: 1797
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst: 1804
Generalmajor: 12.02.1809
Feldmarschalleutnant: 26.07.1813
General der Kavallerie: 21.10.1830

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Adlatus of the Commanding General in Hungary: 1831-1833
Captain of the Hungarian Noble Life Guard: 11.1833 – 20.03.1840

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

2nd Colonel-Proprietor of the Hussar Regiment N°2: 1825 – 20.03.1840
I.R. Privy Councillor: 18322
I.R. Chamberlain

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Bavaria:
Military Order of Maximilian Joseph – KC: 1814
Russia:
Order of St. Anne 2nd cl.: 1814 / 1st cl.

Printed Sources

MilSchem | ÖBL 13, p.44 | Wrede 3, p.238 | Wrede (6), p.62 | Wurzbach 36, p.204f. (wrong: d. 10.03.1840) | WZ, 14.10.1813 | Zivkovic, Generalität, p.40 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, p.43

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) ÖBL: ... or Szilvás-Újfalu (Slivník) / Com. Semlin (Zemplén) / Hungary, 1768 (?)
2) ÖBL: 1830 (?)


 
 S99 Splény de Miháldy, Michael Freiherr

Personal Information

Born: 1740
Died: Gyöngyös (n.l.) / Hungary, 17.08.1809

Family Status

Brother of S97
Uncle of S96 and S98

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 09.08.1779 (w.r.f. 03.10.1779)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 13.05.1796 (w.r.f. 15.01.1794)

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Captain Lieutenant of the Hungarian Noble Life Guard: 1784 – 17.08.1809

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

2nd Colonel-Proprietor of the Hussar Regiment N°17 / (since 1798:) N°2: 1784 – 17.08.1809

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

MilSchem | Wrede 3, p.238 | Wrede (6), p.62 | Wurzbach 36, p.205f.

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
S100 Sporck, Johann Rudolf Graf von
 
Personal Information
Born: Prague (Praha) / Bohemia, 27.11.1755
Died: Vienna, 10.02.1806

Promotions

Major: 27.11.1787
Oberstleutnant: 09.03.1789
Oberst: 09.06.1789
Generalmajor: 01.01.17941 (w.r.f. 17.12.1793)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 01.03.1797 (w.r.f. 28.02.1797)
Retired: 1800
Reactivated: 1801

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Grand Master of the Household to Archduke Anton of Austria: 1802 – 10.02.1806

Field Service (1792-1815)

Commander of the autonomous Corps in the Tyrol: 03.1798 – 01.1799

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°25: 1801 – 10.02.1806

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)

Johann Rudolf Graf von Sporck, born on 27 November 1755 in Prague, entered military service at a young age and by 1789 was 2nd Oberst in the 2nd Banat Grenz Infantry Regiment N°11. In the wars against the Turks, he was distinguished in combat. At the end of that war, he transferred to Infantry Regiment N°25 "Brechainville" and at the beginning of 1792, he transferred again to become commander of Infantry Regiment "Toskana" N°23, in Flanders.
On 1 January 1794, Count Sporck was promoted to Generalmajor. In 1795 and 1796 he was in the Army of the Upper Rhine, and then served in Italy, in Davidovich's Corps of the Tyrol. GM Spork fought at Rovereto on 4 September and was then forced up the Etsch to Neumarkt while Wurmser made his dash to Mantua. As part of Alvinczy's attempt to relieve Mantua, he fought at Trient on 4 November, but not at Bassano two days later. On 1 March 1797, he was promoted to Feldmarschalleutnant. In 1800 Sporck commanded a division under FZM Baron von Kray. He fought at Engen on 3 May and at Mösskirch two days later. After the Austrian withdrawal to Ulm, he was involved in several clashes around that city, such as that at Erolzheim on 5 June. Here, he went ahead of his troops to scout the country and was taken prisoner by a French patrol.
In 1805, he was appointed Proprietor of Infantry Regiment N°25. The following year he died on 10 February in Vienna.

Printed Sources

Buschek, IR23, I, pp.554, 573, 816f. | MilSchem | Wrede 1, p.292 | Wurzbach 36, p.238 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, p.128

Internet Sources

Ebert (http://www.napoleon-online.de/AU_Generale/html/spork.html)
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Buschek, IR23, I, p.573 and 817: 28.12.1793 (?)


 
S101 Staader von Adelsheim, Joseph Heinrich Edler
Staader von Adelsheim, Joseph Heinrich Freiherr
 
Personal Information
Born: Königseggswald / Württemberg, 1738
Died: Vienna, 12.11.1808

Promotions
Major: 04.1768
Oberstleutnant: 1769
Oberst: 1777
Generalmajor: 15.05.1784 (w.r.f. 11.05.1784)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 24.03.1790
Feldzeugmeister: 01.03.1801 (w.r.f. 26.02.1801)
Retired: 03.1801
Holy Roman Empire:
Reichs-Generalfeldmarschalleutnant: 08.04.17931

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Military Commander in the Tyrol and Vorarlberg (Innsbruck): 12.1799 – 03.1801

Field Service (1792-1815)

Commander of the autonomous Corps at the Upper Rhine: 02.1793 – 01.1794
Commander-in-Chief of the Army of the Imperial Contingents: 01.1798 – 11.1798

Elevation of Social Status

Freiherr: 01.12.1780

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 15.02.1779 / CC: 11.11.1795
2nd Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°3: 1791 – 12.11.1808

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)

Joseph Heinrich Staader Edler (later: Freiherr) von Adelsheim was born in 1738 in Königseggwald, near Sigmaringen, in southwest Germany. In 1753, he joined the Austrian army and fought as an officer in the Seven Years War. In 1769 he was promoted to Oberstleutnant and to Oberst in 1777. On 15 February 1779, he was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Military Maria Theresian Order for his conduct in the War of the Bavarian Succession. He also fought in the wars against the Turks. On 15 May 1784, Staader was promoted to Generalmajor. He was then promoted to Feldmarschalleutnant on 24 March 1790 and made 2nd Proprietor of Infantry Regiment "Erzherzog Carl" N°3. Staader also was appointed GFML of the Imperial Contingents and commanded them against the French. In 1795, he fought at the siege of Mannheim under Wurmser and was distinguished at the storming of the redoubts there on 29 October. On 11 November of that year, he was awarded the Commander's Cross of the MMTO. The following year he fought at the battle of Würzburg on 2 September as commander of this mixed force of 20 battalions and 31 squadrons. He also fought at Schliengen on 24 October, where Moreau's beaten army was again tumbled back. FML Staader then commanded a division at the siege of Kehl from 22 November to 9 January 1797. In 1799 he commanded a division in Swabia and fought at Ostrach (21 March) and Stockach on 25 March. Staader received his promotion to Feldzeugmeister on 01 March 1801, retiring that year. He died on 12 November 1808 in Vienna.

Printed Sources

ADB 35, p.331f. | Frank 5, p.36 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.449f. | MilSchem | Neuhaus, p.344 | Wurzbach 36, p.304f. | Wrede 1, p.131 | (Wrede) 6, p.30 | WZ, 03.12.1808 | Zivkovic, Generalität, p.37 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, pp.72, 128

Internet Sources

Ebert (http://www.napoleon-online.de/AU_Generale/html/staader.html)
Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Date of the Imperial decree of commission


 
S102 Stadler von Gestirn, Ignaz

Personal Information

Born: around 1738
Died: Wiener Neustadt / Lower Austria, 13.04.1813

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 11.12.1799 (w.r.f. 24.12.1799)
Retired: 11.12.1799

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

MilSchem (w/o date of death) | WZ, 08.06.1813

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
S103 Stäel von Holstein, Joseph Freiherr
 
Personal Information
Born: Mons (Bergen) / Austrian Netherlands, 02.10.17631
Died: Josephstadt (Josefov u Jaromere) / Bohemia, 11.12.1827

Name Variants

also: Hollstein

Promotions

Major: 01.11.1804
Oberstleutnant: 28.07.1807
Oberst: 23.07.1809
Generalmajor: 29.09.1813

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

I.R. Chamberlain

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

MilSchem | Svoboda 1, col.123f.

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Schmidt-Brentano: 02.10.1783 (?)


 
S104 Stahel, Albert
Stahel, Albert von

Personal Information

Born: Würzburg / Würzburg (prince-bishopric), 1753
Died: Währing near Vienna, 31.07.1805

Family Status

Married: 1786 Maria Martha Eveline Ley (1766-1807)

Promotions

Major: 1794
Oberstleutnant: 1794/95
Oberst: 02./03.1797
Generalmajor: 29.10.1800 (w.r.f. 28.10.1800)
Retired: 1803

Elevation of Social Status

plain nobility: 06.10.1799

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Frank 5, p.38 | MilSchem | ÖFA 3, p.120 | Pizzighelli, DR10, pp.209, 227, 237, 421

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
S105 Stain, (Karl) Leopold Freiherr von
Stain, (Karl) Leopold Freiherr Graf von
 
Personal Information
Born: Brussels (Bruxelles) / Austrian Netherlands, 24.12.17291
Died: Nieder-Stotzingen / Württemberg, 05.03.1809

Family Status

Married: 1773 Charlotte Philippine Prinzessin d’Ursel (1741-1776)

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst: 1758
Generalmajor: 28.02.1763 (w.r.f. 19.11.1758)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 01.05.1773 (w.r.f. 04.02.1767)
Feldzeugmeister: 03.04.1784 (w.r.f. 20.03.1784)
Retired: 1796

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Commanding General in the Lombardy: 03.1781 – 05.1796

Field Service (1792-1815)

Commander of the Imperial forces at the combat of Kehl: 24.06.1796 (–)

Elevation of Social Status

Graf: 05.07.1779

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 22.12.1761
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°50: 1773 – 05.03.1809

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Bodart, p.309 | Frank 5, p.39 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.135f. | MilSchem | Wrede 2, p.255 | Wurzbach 37, p.92ff. | Zivkovic, Generalität, p.35 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, p.59

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale ("Stein zum Rechtenstein" ?)
Marek (http://genealogy.euweb.cz/ursel/ursel2.html)

Notes

1) Marek: 27.12.1729 (?)


 
S106 Stangel, (Johann) Karl von
 
Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: 03.12.1817

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 20.03.1790 (w.r.f. 13.03.1790)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 30.12.1800
Retired: 12.1802

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Inspector of Military Clothing: before 1793 – 12.18021

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

MilSchem | Zivkovic, Heerführer, p.17

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Zivkovic: 03.1801 – 12.1802 (?)


 
S107 Stanisavlevics, Aron
Stanisavlevics von Wellenstreit, Aron Freiherr

Personal Information

Born: Morovice (n.l.) / Syrmia, 1753
Died: Peterwardein (Petrovaradin, Pétervarád) / Slavonia, 18.08.1833

Name Variants

also: Stanissavlevics

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst: 01./02.1809
Generalmajor: 27.04.1813
Feldmarschalleutnant: 15.05.1825
Retired: 11.03.1833

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Adlatus of the Commanding General in the Banal-Warasdin-Karlstadt Military Border: 03.-07.1829
Fortress Commandant of Königgrätz: 1830-1831
Fortress Commandant of Peterwardein: 1831 – 11.03.1833

Elevation of Social Status

Freiherr: 15.05.1828 (with predicate: "von Wellenstreit")

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Order of Leopold – CC: 01.06.1814
2nd Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°42: 1830 – 18.08.1833

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

Frank, N°8993 | MilSchem | Wrede 1, p.417 | Wurzbach 37, p.136ff. (wrong: d. Neusatz in the Banat on 19.08.1833) | WZ, 11.02.1809, 11.05.1813, 08.06.1813, 27.06.1814 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, p.67

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
S108 Starczinsky von Pittkau, Karl Ritter

Personal Information

Born: Domaslawitz (Domaslawice) / Austrian Silesia, 03.09.1753
Died: "Schewosowitsch" or "Schewis(ch)owitz" (n.l.) / Moravia, 29.05.1816

Promotions

Major: 1795
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst: 1801
Generalmajor: 12.02.1809
Retired: 1810

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Leitner 2, p.98 | MilSchem | Rupprecht, IR60, p.38f., 40, appendix p.8 | Svoboda 1, col.72 | Wurzbach 37, p.156

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
S109 Starhemberg, Anton Gundaker Graf von
 
Personal Information
Born: Brünn (Brno) / Moravia, 26.03.1776
Died: Bergheim Castle / Upper Austria, 12.10.1842

Family Status

Married (1): 1802 Julia Gräfin Esterházy de Galántha (1784-1829)
Married (2): 1831 Karoline Leopoldine Gräfin Kaunitz-Rietberg (1801-1875)

Promotions

Major: 31.12.1804
Oberstleutnant: 22.02.1808
Oberst: 27.05.1809
Generalmajor: 06.10.18131
Retired: 25.07.18172

Field Service (1792-1815)

Commander of the Austrian forces at the battle of Parma: 02.03.1814 (–)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 27.12.1813
Order of Leopold – CC: 1815
I.R. Chamberlain

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Naples-Sicily:
Order of St. Ferdinand and of Merit – CC
Russia:
Order of St. Vladimir 3rd cl.: 1815

Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)

Anton Gundacker Graf von Starhemberg was born on 26 March 1776 in Moravia. After his promotion to Generalmajor (6 October 1813), he served in FML Radivojevich's corps, which was defeated by Prince Eugene at Caldiero on 15 November 1813. On 8 December, Starhemberg defeated GdD Pierre-Louis Binet de Marcognet's 4th Division at Boara. On 2 March 1814 he was defeated by GdD Count Paul Grenier at Parma, but triumphed at Ponte Nuri on the Taro River, against GdD Baron Antoine-Louis-Popon de Maucune on 13 April, in the last field action of that campaign. In 1815, he fought in the victory over the Neapolitans at Tolentino on 3 May. He died on 12 October 1842.

Printed Sources

Amon, HR10, p.257, 268ff. | Bodart, p.475 | Hirtenfeld 2, p.1267 | MD 8, p.231 | MilSchem | ÖBL 13, p.102 | ÖMZ, year 1843, vol.4, p.187ff.: Leopold Messenhauser: Nekrolog des k.k. östreichischen Generalmajors Anton Gundacker Grafen von Starhemberg | Wurzbach 37, p.157ff. | WZ, 09.03.1808, 23.12.1809, 26.05.1815, 23.06.1815

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Marek (http://genealogy.euweb.cz/austria/starhemb4.html)
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Amon, HR10, p.269: 05.10.1813 (?)
2) ÖMZ: 19.07.1817 (?)


 
S110 Steffanini de Monte Airone, Joseph
 
Personal Information
Born: Tione / Tyrol, 1761
Died: Verona / Venetia, 25.01.1821

Name Variants

(Italian) Giuseppe Steffanini di Monte Airone

Promotions

Major: 07.1800
Oberstleutnant: 01.1807
Oberst: 09.1808
Generalmajor: 17.09.1813

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 1810
Order of the Iron Crown 2nd cl.: 12.02.1816

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Papal State:
Order of Christ – KC
Sardinia-Piedmont:
Order of St. Maurice and St. Lazarus – GC

Printed Sources

Hirtenfeld 2, p.898ff. | Kandelsdorfer, FJB7, p.377f. | MilSchem | Wurzbach 37, p.311ff. | WZ, 05.10.1808, 20.02.1816

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
Wikipedia [= http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lista_dei_generali_italiani_(1800-1815) ].- Download: 19.08.2008 (wrong: b. 1774 / d. 1826 / GM in 1814)


 
S111 Steigentesch, August
Steigentesch, August von
Steigentesch, August Freiherr von
 
Personal Information
Born: Hildesheim / Hildesheim (prince-bishopric), 12.01.1774
Died: Vienna, 30.12.1826

Family Status

Married: 1799 Christine von Zwierlein (17??- ~1816)

Promotions

Major: 15.04.1800
Oberstleutnant: 15.10.1805
Oberst: 01.06.1809
Quit: 01.01.1810
Again into Austrian service: 1813
Generalmajor: 02.05.1814
Retired: 16.04.1826

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Envoy extraordinary in Copenhagen (Denmark): 05.02.1815 – 05.03.1825
Provisional Envoy in St. Petersburg (Russia): 10.12.1815 – 11.09.18161
Austrian Plenipotentiary with the Military Central Commission at the German Diet in Frankfurt: 11.1816 – 11.1818

Elevation of Social Status

plain nobility (Fam.): 11.01.1788
Freiherr (Fam.): 29.03.1797

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Order of Leopold – CC: 18.09.18152
Order of the Iron Crown 1st cl.: 05.06.18173
I.R. Privy Councillor: 26.11.1817

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Bavaria:
Military Order of Maximilian Joseph – KC: 1814
Denmark:
Order of the Dannebrog – GC: 05.09.18144
Russia:
Order of St. Vladmir 2nd cl.: 1815/16
Order of St. Anne 1st cl.

Printed Sources

ADB 35, p.577ff. | Matsch, p.112 | MD 5, p.85 | MilSchem | Nekrolog 1826/2, N°LXXI, p.737ff. | ÖBL 13, p.144 | Pfau, Gudrun: August Freiherr von Steigentesch. Ein General als Poet oder ein Poet als General, dipl. thesis, Vienna 1992 | Repertorium 3, p.281 (wrong: Envoy in St. Petersburg until 1818) | Stern, Alfred: Die Mission des Obersten Steigentesch nach Königsberg 1809. In: Geschichte der preußischen Reformzeit, Leipzig 1885, p.69ff. | Wurzbach 38, p.7ff. | WZ, 02.06.1814, 25.07.1814, 07.10.1815

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Repertorium: 20.11.1815 (date of the instruction) / 09.01.1816 (date of the first report to Vienna)
2) Pfau's note (p.80, note 115) regarding Steigentesch's investiture to that order is "cryptical": "H[aus]H[of und]St[aats]A[rchiv], - Wien, Hauptbuch L.[eopolds]Ord[den] 48 N°630 – 18.10.1815 Notifikationsschreiben 29.09.1815, Prot.[okolierungs]Zahl N°156" (?)
3) Date of the supreme Imperial note to FM Graf Bellegarde.
4) Date of the Imperial permission to wear the order.


 
S112 Stein, Rudolf Freiherr von

Personal Information

Born: around 1717
Died: Linz / Upper Austria, 1st H. 1799

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 1761

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

MilSchem

Internet Sources

Not in Schmidt-Brentano


 
S113 Steinbacher, [N.] von

Personal Information

Born: 17??
Died: (Brod / Slavonia ?), 28.05.1792

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 13.09.1789 (w.r.f. 31.08.1789)

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Fortress Commandant of Brod: 17?? – 28.05.1792

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

MilSchem

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
S114 Steininger, Karl von
 
Personal Information
Born: Netschetin (Nectiny) / Bohemia, 17.08.1772
Died: Orlath (Orlát, Orlat) / Transylvania, 05.10.1841

Promotions

Major: 1800
Oberstleutnant: 1805
Oberst: 1806
Generalmajor: 24.05.1809
Feldmarschalleutnant: 21.01.1817

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Military Commander in Carinthia (Klagenfurt): 08.1826 – 02.1836
City and Fortress Commandant of Venice: 1836 – 05.10.1841

Field Service (1792-1815)

Adjutant-General of the Main Army: 07.-12.1809

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

I.R. Privy Councillor: 1835

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Russia:
Order of St. Vladimir 3rd cl.: 1815

Printed Sources

Hoen, 1809/IV, p.802, note 1 | Leitner 2, p.164 | MilSchem | ÖBL 13, p.190 | Wurzbach 38, p.99 | WZ, 18.10.1815 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, pp.76, 119

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
S115 Steinmann, Johann Martin

Personal Information

Born: 17??
Died: Linz / Upper Austria, 21.05.1826

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 27.02.1814
Retired: 07.10.1815

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

MilSchem | WZ, 29.06.1814

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
S116 Steinmetz, Karl Nikolaus Johann Nepomuk von
Steinmetz, Karl Nikolaus Johann Nepomuk Freiherr von
 
Personal Information
Born: Netherlands, 23.08.1719 (baptism)
Died: Theresienstadt (Terezín) / Bohemia, 08.11.1798

Promotions
Major: 1760
Oberstleutnant: 17611
Oberst: 1773
Generalmajor: 06.10.1781 (w.r.f. 29.09.1781)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 06.02.1789 (w.r.f. 05.02.1789)

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Fortress Commandant of Theresienstadt: 1789 – 08.11.1798

Elevation of Social Status

Freiherr: 30.07.1763

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 21.10.1762

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Blasek/Rieger 1/I, pp.361, 379 | Frank 5, p.51 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.162f. (wrong: b. 1723) | MilSchem | Wurzbach 38, p.146ff. |

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Blasek/Rieger 1/I, p.361: 1762 (?)


 
S117 Steinmetzen, Wilhelm Theodor Freiherr von
 
Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: Prague (Praha) / Bohemia, 19.11.1834

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant: 08./09.1808
Oberst:
Generalmajor (title): 06.05.1815
Retired: 06.05.1815

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

I.R. Chamberlain

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Hessen-Kassel:
Order of Military Merit
Order of the Golden Lion – KC
Rußland:
Order of St. Anne 2nd cl. (w.d.)

Printed Sources

MilSchem | WZ, 05.10.1808

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
S118 Stephaicš, Franz
Stephaicš von Némes-Déd, Franz Freiherr
 
Personal Information
Born: Némes-Déd / Com. Somogy / Hungary, 1739
Died: 09.04.1811

Promotions
Major: 1790
Oberstleutnant: 1793
Oberst: 1797
Generalmajor: 29.10.1800 (w.r.f. 03.12.1800)
Retired: 1805

Elevation of Social Status

Freiherr: 24.08.1795 (with predicate: "von Nemes-Déd")

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 07.07.1794

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Frank 5, p.53 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.414f. | MilSchem | Wurzbach 38, p.211ff.

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
S119 Sterndahl, Ferdinand Freiherr von
 
Personal Information
Born: Prague (Praha) / Bohemia, 1772
Died: Vienna, 20.07.1846

Promotions

Major: 24.03.1799
Oberstleutnant: 30.08.(01.09.)1800
Oberst: 27.08.(01.09.)1805
Retired: 10.04.1809
Reactivated: 27.03.18101
Generalmajor: 27.03.1810
Retired: 27.03.18102

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

Buschek, IR23, I, pp.653, 695, 711, 819, 946 | MilSchem | WZ, 15.08.1810

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) According to Buschek (IR23, I, p.819) (?)
2) According to Schmidt-Brentano, Generale (?)


 
S120 Sterndahl, Karl Joseph von
Sterndahl, Karl Joseph Freiherr von
 
Personal Information
Born: Vienna, 05.1735
Died: Prague (Praha) / Bohemia, 13.10.1816

Promotions
Major: 25.05.1767
Oberstleutnant: 25.09.1777
Oberst: 25.06.1779
Generalmajor: 21.02.1789 (w.r.f. 18.02.1789)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 12.05.1796 (w.r.f. 31.01.1794)
Retired: 1814

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Adlatus of the Commanding General in Bohemia: 11.1798 – 03.1800
Commanding General ad interim in Bohemia: 12.1800 – 04.1801
Fortress and City Commandant of Prague: 1802/03-1814

Elevation of Social Status

Freiherr: 16.09.1774

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 21.10.1762

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

Buschek, IR23, I, pp.517, 537, 815f. (wrong: d. 16.10.1816), 946 | Doerr, p.256 | Frank 5, p.54 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.169f. (wrong: d. 16.10.1816) | MilSchem | Wurzbach 38, p.293ff. | Zivkovic, Heerführer, p.51

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
S121 Stetten, Maximilian Sigmund Wilhelm Freiherr von
 
Personal Information
Born: 1717
Died: after 1796

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 22.04.1763

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

MilSchem (last entry in year 1796 ?)

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
S122 Steyrer von Edelberg, Karl Ritter
 
Personal Information
Born: Budweis (České Budějovice) / Bohemia, 1761
Died: Kirchberg am Wagram / Lower Austria, 19.06.1819

Promotions

Major: 11.1800
Oberstleutnant: 02.1806
Oberst: 09.1808
Generalmajor: 24.05.1809
Retired: 01.1810

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 28.05.1806

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

Hirtenfeld 2, p.779ff. | Hoen, 1809/IV, p.802, note 1 | MilSchem | Wurzbach 38, p.326ff. | WZ, 05.10.1808

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
S123 Sticker von Haymingthal, Franz Seraph
 
Personal Information
Born: Vienna, around 1750
Died: Prague (Praha) / Bohemia, 18.07.1809

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst: 1795
Generalmajor: 06.03.1800 (w.r.f. 19.10.1799)
Retired: 1805

Field Service (1792-1815)

Commander of the Austrian forces at the combat of Brico del Cavallo: 12.04.1800 (+)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Bodart, p.351 | Gatti, IngAk, p.235 | MilSchem | WZ, 15.08.1810

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
S124 Stipsics, Joseph von
Stipsics zu Ternowa, Joseph Freiherr von
 
Personal Information
Born: Ödenburg (Sopron) / Hungary, 15.08.1755
Died: Vienna, 16.09.1831

Promotions
Major: 29.09.1790
Oberstleutnant: 01.06.1793
Oberst: 10.06.1794
Generalmajor: 01.03.17971 (w.r.f. 10.04.1797)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 29.10.1800 (w.r.f. 03.11.1800)
General der Kavallerie: 26.07.1813

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Adjutant-General of Emperor Francis II.: 03.-06.1794
Inspector of Military Provisions: 03.1801 – 03.1803
Military Commander in Upper Austria (Linz): 03.1807 – 01.1810
Commanding General in Transylvania: 01.1811 – 31.05.1814
Vice-President of the Aulic War Council: 01.06.1814 – 1830
Chief of the Military Section of the State Council: 1830 – 16.09.1831

Elevation of Social Status

Freiherr: 18.03.1806 (with predicate: "zu Ternowa")

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 07.07.1794
Order of St. Stephen – CC: 05./06.1813
Order of Leopold – GC: 1824
Golden Civil Merit Cross 1813/14: 26.05.1815
Colonel-Proprietor of the Hussar Regiment N°10: 01.01.1802 – 21.10.1814
2nd Colonel-Proprietor of the Hussar Regiment N°10: 21.10.1814 – 16.09.1831
I.R. Privy Councillor: 03.1810

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Naples-Sicily:
Order of St. Januarius: 1818
Prussia:
Order of the Red Eagle 1st cl.: 20.10.1814

Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)

Joseph von Stipsics (later: Freiherr von Ternowa) was born on 15 August 1755 in Ödenburg, Hungary. He entered Austrian military service in 1774 as an Unterleutnant in the Chevauxleger Regiment "Kaiser" N°1. In 1783 he was appointed ADC, and was distinguished in the war against the Turks in 1789 at the siege of Belgrade. He made his career as ADC to various commanders, including five field marshals, two archdukes and Emperor Franz himself. At the battle of Neerwinden, on 18 March 1793, he saved the Austrian baggage train on his own iniative and was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Military Maria Theresian Order and promoted Oberst. In June 1794 he was commanding a cavalry brigade in the Prince of Orange's combined force in the Netherlands. On 1 March 1797, he was promoted to Generalmajor.
In the campaign of 1800 Stipsics was distinguished in the battle of Stockach on 25-26 March and was promoted Feldmarschalleutnant on 29 October of that year.
From then until 1803 he worked as Inspector-General of Military Provisions and was on FML Mack's logistics staff at Ulm in 1805. After the end of the campaign FML Stipsics was appointed to Director of the Remount Depot and in 1806 he was created Baron. The following year he was appointed Military Commander in Linz (Upper Austria). In the 1809 campaign, he was on Erzherzog Carl's staff and thereafter appointed a member of the Aulic War Council.
In 1811 Stipsics was appointed Commanding General in Transylvnia, and on 27 July 1813, he received his promotion to General der Kavallerie and in 1814 was made Vice President of the Aulic War Council. He died on 16 September 1831 in Vienna.

Printed Sources

Amon, DR10, pp.225, 285, 301ff. (wrong: GdK on 26.07.1814) | Frank 5, p.58 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.417f. | MilSchem | Pizzighelli, DR10, pp.209, 227 (inexact: GM in 02.1797), 421 | Wrede 3, p.287 | Wrede (6), p.18 | Wurzbach 39, p.53ff. | WZ, 10.03.1810, 08.06.1813, 31.07.1813, 14.10.1813, 24.10.1814, 13.06.1814, 28.05.1815 | Zivkovic, Generalität, p.39 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, pp.17, 58, 73

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Amon, HR10, p.302: 25.07.1797 (?)


 
S125 Stirm, Johann
 
Personal Information
Born: around 1722
Died: Vienna, 04.01.1793

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 09.06.1788 (w.r.f. 02.06.1788)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

MilSchem

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
S126 Stoichevich, Andreas von
 
Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: Agram (Zagreb) / Croatia, 06.01.1810

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 01.09.1805 (w.r.f. 18.02.1804)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 25.09.1809

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

MilSchem | WZ, 17.03.1810

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
S127 Stojanich, Ignaz
Stojanich von Selin, Ignaz
 
Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: Agram (Zagreb) / Croatia, 23.12.18071

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 02.10.1799 (w.r.f. 08.12.1799)
Retired: 1807

Elevation of Social Status

plain nobility: 17.07.1801 (with predicate: "von Selin")

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Frank 5, p.61 | MilSchem | WZ, 15.08.1807, 23.01.1808

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Schmidt-Brentano: 28.12.1807 (?)


 
S128 Strachwitz, Karl Wenzel Freiherr von
 
Personal Information
Born: around 1744
Died: Vienna, 20.03.1810

Family Status
Married: 1791 Maria Anna Aloisia Freiin von Mohr (1769-1823)

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 28.04.1804

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

MD 5, p.93 | MilSchem | WZ, 15.08.1810

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
S129 Strassoldo, Leopold Lorenz Bartholomäus Graf von
 
Personal Information
Born: Görz (Gorizia), 09.08.17311
Died: Vienna, 17.08.1809

Name Variants

(Italian) Leopoldo Lorenzo Conte e Signore di Strassoldo

Family Status

Married: 1780 Maria Franziska Gräfin von Auersperg (1759-1811)

Promotions

Major: 03.11.1760
Oberstleutnant: 13.05.1768 (w.r.f. 23.03.1768)2
Oberst: 18.06.17713
Generalmajor: 10.04.17834 (w.r.f. 10.03.1783)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 18.06.1789 (w.r.f. 05.05.1789)
Retired: 17935

Chivalric Order

Knight of the Order of Malta
Commander of the Commandery Pulst (Carinthia): 01.05.1763-1780
Commander of the Commandery Maidelberg (Moravia): 01.05.1771-17.08.1809

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°27: 19.02.1791 – 17.08.1809
I.R. Chamberlain: 1765

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Dauber, pp.179ff. | Leitner 2, p.62f. | May, IR35, pp.93, 96 | MilSchem | Rainer, IR53, pp.685, 720f. | Svoboda 1, col.22 (wrong: Obstlt in 1769) | Wrede 1, p.306

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
Shamà

Notes

1) Svoboda, Schmidt-Brentano: 09.08.1739 (?)
2) Rainer, IR35, p.721: 13.05.1768 / contrary to p.800: 23.03.1768 (presumably: Obstlt on 13.05.1768 w.r.f. 23.03.1768 ?)
3) Svoboda: 1773 / Rainer, IR35, p.721: 18.06.1773 (?)
4) May, IR35, p.96 / Rainer, IR35, p.720: 10.02.1783 (?)
5) Dauber, p.181: 1796 (?)


 
S130 Strassoldo, Rombaldo Peter Graf
 
Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: 02.07.1802

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 29.08.1801 (w.r.f. 20.08.1801)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Decoration of the Elisabeth Theresian Military Foundation: 1791

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Auer, N°303 | MilSchem

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
S131 Strauch, Gottfried von
Strauch, Gottfried Freiherr von
 
Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: Vienna, 18.03.1836

Family Status
Married: [N.N.] (?-1836)

Promotions

Major: 16.03.1794
Oberstleutnant: 01.10.1796
Oberst: 01.05.1797
Generalmajor: 10.07.1800 (w.r.f. 03.07.1800)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 14.08.1808
Feldzeugmeister: 02.11.1827
Retired: 30.08.1830

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Fortress Commandant of Legnago: 1800/1801
Military Commander in Upper Austria (Linz): 01.1810 – 08.1814
Fortress Vice-Governor of Mainz: 06.1815 – 18??

Elevation of Social Status

Freiherr: 06.08.1808

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Order of the Iron Crown 2nd cl.: 12.02.1816 / 1st cl.: 1818
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°24: 1808 – 18.03.1836
I.R. Privy Councillor: 1818

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Hessen-Darmstadt:
Order of Ludwig – GC: 11.1816
Prussia:
Order of the Red Eagle 1st cl.: 1819

Printed Sources

Buschek, IR23, I, pp.574, 607, 618, 633, 642, 947 | Doerr, p.277 | Frank 5, p.66 | Frank-Döfering, 4224 | MilSchem | Wrede 1, p.282 | (Wurzbach 39, p.320f.) | WZ, 23.01.1808, 03.09.1808, 05.07.1815, 20.02.1816, 28.11.1816 | Zivkovic, Generalität, p.40 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, p.73

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
S132 Strauch, Kaspar
 
Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: Vienna, 09.10.1847

Promotions
Major: 27.08.1805
Oberstleutnant: 28.02.1808
Oberst: 09.08.18091
Generalmajor: 30.04.1815
Retired: 19.06.1819

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

Beran, IR55, pp.70, 134 | MilSchem | Nahlik, IR55, pp.25, 30, 38, 67 | WZ, 08.05.1815

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Beran IR55, p.70: 06.08.1809 (?)


 
S133 Struppy, Vincenz Georg
Struppy, Vincenz Georg Freiherr von
 
Personal Information
Born: 1733
Died: Vienna, 03.06.1810

Name Variants
also: Struppi

Promotions

Major: 1772
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 23.07.1792 (w.r.f. 09.06.1791)
Retired: 12.1808

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Director-General of Aulic Building (General-Hofbau-Direktor): before 1794 – 12.1808

Elevation of Social Status

Freiherr: 22.05.1779

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Order of St. Stephen – KC: 14.04.1779

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Blasek/Rieger 1/I, pp.365, 381 (datas incorrect) | Frank 5, p.71 | MilSchem | Wurzbach 40, p.106f. | WZ, 24.12.1808, 15.08.1810

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
S134 Stuart, Patrick Graf
 
Personal Information
Born: Riga / Livonia1, around 1740
Died: Prague (Praha) / Bohemia, 21.04.18082

Family Status

Nephew of L2 (Lacy)

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 10.04.1783 (w.r.f. 23.04.1783)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 1790

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°18: 27.12.1791 – 21.04.1808

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Amon, IR18, p.245, 358 | Duffy, p.382 | Kotasek, Edith: Feldmarschall Graf Lacy. Ein Leben für Österreichs Heer, Horn 1956, p.251 | MilSchem | Schmidhofer, p.204 (wrong: d. 12.11.1808) | Wrede 1, p.241 | WZ, 09.07.1808

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Schmidhofer, p.204: Ireland (?)
2) Schmidt-Brentano: 21.08.1808 (?)


 
S135 Stubenberg, Franz Graf von
 
Personal Information
Born: 24.08.1732
Died: (Graz / Styria ?), 16.03.1796

Family Status

Married (1): 1766 Crescentia Anna von Berchtold (1745-1793)
Married (2): ~ 1794 [N.] Freiin von Loewen (17?? – nach 1822)
Only distantly related to S136

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst: 1773
Generalmajor: 24.01.1776
Leave from service: 1795

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Loserth, Johann: Geschichte des Altsteirischen Herren- und Grafenhauses Stubenberg, Graz-Leipzig 1911, genealogical table | MD 5, p.96 (wrong: b. 22.11.1722 / d. 16.03.1793) | MilSchem (w/o date of death; last entry in year 1794) | Wurzbach 40, p.126 (wrong: b. 22.11.1722 / d. 1795)

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
S136 Stubenberg, Karl Borromäus Graf 1 von
 
Personal Information
Born: 11.08.17352
Died: St. Pölten / Lower Austria, 10.07.1802

Family Status

Married: Therese von Janson
Only distantly related to S135

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant: 1778
Oberst: 1787
Generalmajor: 03.01.1792 (w.r.f. 11.09.1791)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Loserth, Johann: Geschichte des Altsteirischen Herren- und Grafenhauses Stubenberg, Graz-Leipzig 1911, genealogical table | MilSchem | Wurzbach 40, p.134

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Schmidt-Brentano: "Freiherr" (?)
2) Schmidt-Brentano: 11.08.1734 (?)


 
S137 Sturioni, Joseph von
 
Personal Information
Born: around 1741
Died: Vienna, 03.04.1803

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 18.05.1799 (w.r.f. 24.03.1794)

Elevation of Social Status

plain nobility: 01.10.1782 (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Frank 5, p.75 (?) | MilSchem

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
S138 Sturm, Johann Christian von
 
Personal Information
Born: around 1717
Died: Vienna, 01.08.1792

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 03.07.1787

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

MilSchem

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
S139 Sturm, Joseph von
Sturm, Joseph Freiherr von
 
Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: Schemnitz (Selmecbánya, Banská Štiavnica) / Com. Hont / Hungary, 05.05.1802

Promotions
Major: 1772
Oberstleutnant: 1773
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 15.05.1784 (w.r.f. 23.06.1784)

Elevation of Social Status

Freiherr: 24.03.1783 (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Decoration of the Elisabeth Theresian Military Foundation: 1789

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Auer, N°306 | Frank 5, p.76 (?) | MilSchem | Wrede, DR6, pp.645, 929

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
S140 Stutterheim, Joseph Xaver von
Stutterheim, Joseph Xaver Freiherr von
 
Personal Information
Born: Mährisch-Neustadt (Uničov) / Moravia, 19.06.1764
Died: Lemberg (Lwów, L’viv) / Galicia, 21.07.1831

Family Status

Married: 1808 Josephine von Bolza (1783-1831)
Only distantly related to S141

Promotions

Major: 03.08.1799
Oberstleutnant: 01.09.1805
Oberst: 03.08.1807
Generalmajor: 24.05.1809
Feldmarschalleutnant: 30.04.1815

Elevation of Social Status

Freiherr: 18.06.1819

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Commanding General ad interim in Galicia: 12.18291 – 1830
Commanding General in Galicia: 1830 – 21.07.1831

Field Service (1792-1815)

Chief of the Quartermaster General Staff of the Army of Neutrality: 09.-11.1806

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 08.03.1814
Order of Leopold – CC: 1823
Military Honor Cross 1813/14 (Army Cross 1813/14): ~ 1814
2nd Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°8: 30.04.1815 – 21.07.1831
I.R. Privy Councillor: 1829

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Naples-Sicily:
Military Order of St. George and of the Reunion – GC: 1821
Poland (Russia):
Order of the White Eagle: 1831
Russia:
Order of St. Vladimir 3rd cl.
Sardinia-Piedmont:
Order of St. Maurice and St. Lazarus – GC: 1823

Printed Sources

ADB 37, p.76f. | Frank 5, p.76 | Frank-Döfering, 4237 | Hirtenfeld 2, p.1285ff. | Hoen, 1809/IV, p.802, note 1 | Leitner 2, p.129f. | MilSchem | Regele, p.31 | Stutterheim, Eckart von: Die Herren und Freiherren von Stutterheim / Alt-Stutterheim. Lebensbilder von Kurt v. Stutterheim (= Bibliothek familiengeschichtlicher Arbeiten 33), Neustadt a.d. Aisch 1965, p.116ff., 244ff., 268 | Svoboda 1, col.115f. (with incorrect dates of promotions) | Wurzbach 40, p.240f. (with incorrect dates of promotions) | WZ, 08.05.1815 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, pp.64, 110

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Stutterheim: 21.01.1828 (?)


 
S141 Stutterheim, (Daniel Gottfried) Wilhelm (named "Karl") von
Stutterheim, (Daniel Gottfried) Wilhelm (named "Karl") Freiherr von
 
Personal Information
Born: Berlin / Prussia, 06.08.1770
Died: Vienna, 13.12.1811

Family Status

Unmarried
Only distantly related to S140

Promotions

Saxony:
Major: 28.03.1798
Quit: 28.03.1798
Into Austrian service: 10.01.1799
Major: 18.11.1799
Oberstleutnant: 1801
Oberst: 1803
Generalmajor: 24.10.1805 (w.r.f. 14.10.1805)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 13.12.1811

Elevation of Social Status

Freiherr: 20.11.1784

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 24.10.1809

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Prussia:
Order Pour-le-Mérite: 02.10.1793

Printed Sources

ADB 37, p.77f. (wrong: b. Dresden, 1774) | Hirtenfeld 2, p.1030f. (wrong: b. 1774) | MD 5, p.98 | MilSchem | Stutterheim, Eckart von: Die Herren und Freiherren von Stutterheim / Alt-Stutterheim. Lebensbilder von Kurt v. Stutterheim (= Bibliothek familiengeschichtlicher Arbeiten 33), Neustadt a.d. Aisch 1965, p.84f., p.249ff. | Wurzbach 40, p.241ff. (mentions two persons: "Karl" and "Friedrich Heinrich Ludwig". Both are identical with Daniel Gottfried Wilhelm / wrong: b. Dresden 02.08.1776) | WZ, 18.12.1811

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale (wrong: b. 02.08.1776)


 
S142 Stwrtnik, August von
Stwrtnik, August Freiherr von
 
Personal Information
Born: Wittingau (Třeboň) / Bohemia, 1755
Died: Ofen (Buda) / Hungary, 24.10.1841

Family Status

Married: Katharina Freiin von Häring (1765-1819)

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 24.05.1809
Feldmarschalleutnant (title a.h.): 29.09.1838
Retired: 29.09.1838

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Fortress Commandant of Ofen: 1819 – 29.09.1838

Elevation of Social Status

Freiherr: 04.08.1814

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 30.04.1802

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Bavaria:
Military Order of Maximilian Joseph – KC: 1814
Russia:
Order of St. Vladimir 3rd cl.

Printed Sources

Frank 5, p.76 | Frank-Döfering, 4238 | Gatti, ArtAk, p.83 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.719ff. | Hoen, 1809/IV, p.802, note 1 | MilSchem | Wurzbach 40, p.248ff.

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
S143 Suden, Georg Friedrich Wilhelm von
Suden, Georg Friedrich Wilhelm Freiherr von
 
Personal Information
Born: Arolsen / Waldeck, 08.1765
Died: Vienna, 22.12.18221

Promotions

Major: 1805
Oberstleutnant: 09.1808
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 25.08.1812
Retired: 07.10.1815

Elevation of Social Status

Freiherr: 29.08.1810

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 30.04.1802

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

Doerr, p.282 | Frank 5, p.77 | Frank-Döfering, 4245 | Guillaume, p.214 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.713f. | MilSchem | Wurzbach 40, p.272ff. | WZ, 09.09.1812, 01.10.1812

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) MilSchem, year 1823, p.470: 02.12.1822 (?)


 
S144 Sulkowski, Herzog von Bielitz, Franz de Paula Fürst von
 
Personal Information
Born: 29.01.1733
Died: Vienna, 22.04.1812

Family Status
Married (1): 1759 Maria Gräfin Strzemeska (17??-1770)
Married (2): 1774 Judith Maria von Bazardi-Mombelli (1756-1823)

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 12.05.1758
Feldmarschalleutnant: 25.08.1790 (w.r.f. 1767 ?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Bavaria(-Palatinate):
Order of St. Hubert: before 1796
Poland:
Order of the White Eagle: before 1796
Order of St. Stanislas ? cl.: before 1796
Russia:
Order of St. Andrew: before 1796

Printed Sources

MD 5, p.99 | MilSchem | Wurzbach 40, p.298 (genealogical table) | WZ, 03.06.1812

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
Theroff (http://pages.prodigy.net/ptheroff/gotha/sulkowski.html)


 
S145 Suvorov, Aleksander Vasil’evič
Suvorov-Rymnikskij, Aleksander Vasil’evič Graf
Suvorov-Rymnikskij, Fürst von Italien, Aleksander Vasil’evič Graf
 
Personal Information
Born: Moscow / Russia, 24.[13.]11.1729
Died: St. Petersburg / Russia, 18.[06.]05.1800

Family Status

Married: 1774 Varvara Ivanovna Prosorovskaja (1750-1806)

Promotions

Russia:
General of Brigade: 03.10.[22.09.]1768
Major General: 12.01.[01.01.]1770
Lieutenant General: 28.03.[17.03.]1774
General en chef: 03.10.[22.09.]1786
General Field Marshal: 30.11.[19.10.]1794
Generalissimus: 08.(09.?)11.[28.(29.?)10.]1799
Austria:
Feldmarschall: 31.03.1799
Sardinia-Piedmont:
Field Marshal: 04.(06.?)07.1799

Field Service (1792-1815)

Commander of the Allied Army at the battle of Cassano: 27./28.04.1799 (+)
Commander of the Allied Army at the battle at the Trebbia: 17.-20.06.1799 (+)
Commander of the Allied Army at the battle of Novi: 15.08.1799 (+)
Commander of the Allied Army at the combats of on Sankt Gotthard (Oberalpsee, Hospital, Urseren, Teufelsbrücke): 23.-27.09.1799 (+)

Elevation of Social Status

Russia:
Count: 17.[06.]10.1789 (with predicate: "Rymnikskij")
Prince: 19.[08.]1799 (with predicate: "Italijskij")
Holy Roman Empire:
Graf (Count): 06.10.1789
Sardinia-Piedmont:
Prince: 04.(06.?)07.1799

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – GC: 23.10.[12.10.]1799
Medaillon with portrait of Emperor Francis II.: 05.01.1795 [25.12.1794]

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Russia & Foreign Countries)

Bavaria:
Order of St. Hubert: 29.[07.]02.1800
France (Exile):
Combined Order of St. Lazarus and of Our Lady of Mount Carmel: 25.[13.]02.1800
Prussia:
Order of the Black Eagle: 19.[07.]12.1794
Order of the Red Eagle 1st cl.: 19.[07.]12.1794
Poland(Russia):
Order of the White Eagle
Order of St. Stanislas – 1st cl. (?)
Russia:
Order of St. Andrew: 20.[09.]11.1788 / w.d.: 14.[03.]11.1789
Order of St. Alexander Nevskij: 31.[20.]12.1771 / w.d.: 04.01.1781 [24.12.1780]
Order of St. George 3rd cl.: 30.[19.]08.1771 / 2nd cl.: 10.08.[30.07.]1773 / 1st cl.: 29.[18.]10.1789
Order of St. Vladimir 1st cl.: 08.07.[27.06.]1783
Order of St. Anne 1st cl.: 11.10.[30.09.]1770
Order of St. John of Jerusalem – GC: 24.[13.]02.1799
Gold Medal for the Annexion of the Krim-Khanat
Izmail Cross: after 01.1795
Medaillon with Portrait of Emperor Paul I.: 24.[13.]06.1799
Sardinia-Piedmont:
Order of the Annunziata: 07.1799
Order of St. Maurice and St. Lazarus – GC (?): 04.07.[23.06.]1799

Printed Sources

Bodart, p.332, 337, 340, 343 | Frank 5, p.80 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.563 | Hoffmann, Peter: Alexander Suworow. Der unbesiegte Feldherr, Berlin 1986 | Mikaberidze, p.387f. | MilSchem | Zivkovic, Generalität, p.13 | Suworow. Beiträge zu dessen Charakteristik, nach bisher noch nicht edirten Schriftstücken des k.k. Kriegs-Archivs aus dem Feldzuge 1799 in Italien. In: Mittheilungen des k.k. Kriegs-Archivs, year 1884, Vienna 1884, S.348-358

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Mosher, Robert A.: Suvorov – Russia’s Eagle Over the Alps. In: The Napoleon Series. Biographies [= http://www.napoleon-series.org/research/biographies/c_suvorov.html].- Download: 01.07.2004
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
Vederman


 
S146 Swinburne, Robert Thomas Ritter von
Swinburne, Robert Thomas Freiherr von
 
Personal Information
Born: Bordeaux / France or Chapel Allerton / Yorkshire County / Great Britain, 17.07.1763
Died: Innsbruck / Tyrol, 20.01.1849

Family Status
Married: 1808 Franziska Freiin Malowetz von Malowitz und Kosorz (17??-1864)
Son-in-law of M7 (Malowetz) (?)

Promotions

Major: 01.09.1800
Oberstleutnant: 10.10.1804
Oberst: 25.05.1806
Generalmajor: 24.05.1809
Feldmarschalleutnant (title a.h.): 17.03.1837
Retired: 17.03.1837

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

City Commandant of Milan: 1813/14 – 17.03.1837

Elevation of Social Status

Freiherr: ?

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 28.05.1806
I.R. Chamberlain

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

Duffy, p.382 | Hirtenfeld 2, p.797ff. (wrong: b. 1766) | Hoen, 1809/IV, p.802, note 1 | Lodge, Edmund: The Peerage and Baronetage of the British Empire, 28th (rev. and enl.) ed., London 1859, p. 814 | MD 5, p.101 | MilSchem | Schmidhofer, p.205 | Wurzbach 41, p.55ff.

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Lynskey, Marie: The Swinburn(e) Family History Site [= http://www.geocities.com/swinburn.geo].- Download: 21.08.2008
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
S147 Szápáry de Muraszombat, Széchisziget et Szápár, Peter Ignaz Graf
 
Personal Information
Born: around 1711
Died: Graz / Styria, 12.07.1796

Family Status
Married (1): ~ 1750 Julia Gräfin Haller de Hallerkeö (1719-1759)
Married (2): after 1759 Maria Isabella Gräfin Batthyány de Németújvár (1743-after 1782)

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 23.07.1753

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

MilSchem | Wurzbach 41, p.172

Internet Sources

Marek (http://genealogy.euweb.cz/hung/szapary1.html)
Marek (http://genealogy.euweb.cz/hung/batth3.html)
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
S148 Szarvassy de Riomfalva, Joseph
 
Personal Information
Born: Eperjes (Prešov) / Com. Saros / Hungary, 1746
Died: Vienna, 29.11.1810

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant: 1796
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 14.01.1804 (w.r.f. 15.12.1802)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 23.11.1790

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Hirtenfeld 1, p.279f. | MilSchem | Wurzbach 41, p.182f.

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
S149 Szécsen de Temerin, Ferdinand
 
Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: Kronstadt (Brassó, Braşov) / Transylvania, 31.01.1827
 
Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 22.07.1809
Retired: 1814

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

MilSchem | WZ, 25.11.1809

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
S150 Szénássy, Johann von
 
Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: 04.12.1813

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 29.10.1800 (w.r.f. 12.11.1800)
Retired: 1809

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

MilSchem | WZ, 03.06.1814

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
S151 Szent-Iványi, Johann von
 
Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: Eperjes / Com. Saros / Hungary, 22.01.1820

Promotions
Major: 1789
Oberstleutnant: 31.05.1794
Oberst: 18.03.1798
Generalmajor: 01.05.1803 (w.r.f. 11.12.1802)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

Amon, HR1, pp.137, 167, 494, 496 | MilSchem

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
S152 Szent-Kereszty de Zagon, Andreas Freiherr
 
Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: Langenthal (Hossznaszó, Valea Lunga) / Transylvania, 27.07.1821

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 01.03.1797

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Decoration of the Elisabeth Theresian Military Foundation: 1802

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Auer, N°310 | MilSchem | Wurzbach 42, p.92f. (mixed up with dates of Ladislaus Sz.K.)

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
S153 Szent-Kereszty de Zagon, Ladislaus Freiherr
 
Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: Prague (Praha) / Bohemia, 15.03.1804

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 09.07.1797 (w.r.f. 08.07.1797)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

MilSchem | Wurzbach 42, p.92f. (mixed up with dates of Andreas Sz.-K.)

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
S154 Szent-Kereszty de Zagon, Sigmund Ladislaus Freiherr
 
Personal Information
Born: Zagon / Transylvania, 1745
Died: Neumarkt (Maros-Vásárhely, Tirgu Mures) / Transylvania, 24.12.1823

Family Status
Married: Susanna Gräfin Mikes

Promotions

Major: 01.06.1780
Oberstleutnant: 16.06.1790
Oberst: 06.05.1794
Generalmajor: 01.03.17971 (w.r.f. 13.03.1797)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 04.12.18002 (w.r.f. 02.12.1800)
General der Kavallerie (Titel): 12.08.18143
Retired: 12.08.18143

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 18.08.1801
2nd Colonel-Proprietor of the Hussar Regiment N°1: 07.01.1808 – 24.12.1823
I.R. Chamberlain

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)

Sigmund Ladislaus Freiherr Szent-Kereszty de Zagon, born in Zagon (Transylvania) in 1746, joined the Hungarian Noble Life Guard when it was raised in 1763 and left again as a Rittmeister in 1765, to enter the Hussars.
As Oberstleutnant he could distinguish himself at Condé (NE of Paris) on 18 September 1792. On 1 March 1793, his regiment (Hussar Regiment "Esterhazy" N°32) charged and broke two French battalion squares, capturing 126 men, 3 guns and 4 ammunition waggons. For this exploit he was promoted Oberst. He was also distinguished in the battles of Neerwinden, Landrecy and Tournai. On 13 October 1795, Ladislaus Szent-Kereszty conducted a raid across the River Main at Höchst (west of Frankfurt), scattered the French rearguard, took some guns and many prisoners. On 1 November of that year, he captured a large French magazine in Alzey. In 1796 he served again in Germany, where he was repeatedly distinguished in many actions, including the battle of Würzburg on 3 September, for which he was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Military Maria Theresian Order. In the subsequent pursuit of the French he took Aschaffenburg and over 400 prisoners on 6 September; this caused the French to evacuate Frankfurt. On 1 March 1797, he was promoted to Generalmajor.
In 1800 Szent-Kereszty was promoted Feldmarschalleutnant and in 1814 General der Kavallerie upon retirement. He died on 24 December 1823 in Neumarkt (Maros-Vásárhely) in Transylvania.

Printed Sources

Amon, HR1, p.228, 380ff. (wrong: b. 1745), 490 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.590ff. | MilSchem | Wenzlik-Ebert, p.29f. | Wrede 3, p.232 | Wurzbach 42, p.89ff. | WZ, 23.01.1808 | Zivkovic, Generalität, p.40

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Amon, HR1, p.381: 04.03.1797 (?)
2) Amon, HR1, p.382: 20.01.1800 (?)
3) Amon, HR1, p.382: 01.11.1814 (?)


 
S155 Szereday de Szent-Háromság, Anton
Szereday de Szent-Háromság, Anton Freiherr
 
Personal Information
Born: around 1743
Died: Prague (Praha) / Bohemia, 29.10.1813

Promotions
Major: 1786
Oberstleutnant: 12.1789
Oberst: 1794
Generalmajor: 01.03.1797 (w.r.f. 21.03.1797)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 01.09.1805 (w.r.f. 07.09.1805)
Retired: 03.1809

Elevation of Social Status

Freiherr: 01.08.1800

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 07.07.1794 / CC: 18.08.1801

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Blasek/Rieger 1/I, p.385 | Frank 5, p.85 | Gatti, IngAk, p.203 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.582f. | MilSchem | Wurzbach 42, p.136f.

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
S156 Szerelem, Joseph von
 
Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: Preßburg (Pozsony, Bratislava) / Hungary, 18.05.1809

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 16.01.1790 (w.r.f. 20.12.1789)
Retired: 1801

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

MilSchem

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
S157 Szörényi de Kis-Szörény, Andreas Freiherr
 
Personal Information
Born: Szölös (n.l.) / Hungary, 28.06.1756
Died: Neuhäusel (Érsek-Újvár, Nové Zámky) / Com. Neutra (Nyitra) / Hungary, 22.09.1829

Promotions
Major: 1789
Oberstleutnant: 1798
Oberst: 1800
Generalmajor: 22.01.1808 (w.r.f. 30.06.1805)
Retired: 1809

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

I.R. Chamberlain

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

Gatti, IngAk, p.295f. | MilSchem | Wurzbach 42, p.236f. | WZ, 20.02.1808

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
S158 Szörényi de Kis-Szörény, Joseph Freiherr
 
Personal Information
Born: 1724
Died: "Szaba" (n.l. = Szabar ?) / Hungary, 03.03.1799

Promotions
Major: (19.07.)1753
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 10.04.1783 (w.r.f. 18.02.1783)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Amon, DR10, p.34, appendix, p.IX | MilSchem

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
S159 Szombathély, Johann von
 
Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: Koltha (Kolta) / Com. Komorn (Kómarom) / Hungary, 01.12.1831

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant: 26.08.1805
Oberst: 13.02.18091
Generalmajor (title): 28.03.1812
Retired: 28.03.1812

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Decoration of the Elisabeth Theresian Military Foundation: 1824

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

Amon, DR9, pp.236, 253, 387 | Auer, N°313 | MilSchem | Wengen, DR13, p.581, 586, 602 | WZ, 02.05.1812

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Amon, DR9, p.236: 15.02.1809 (?)


 
S160 Sztáray de Nagy-Mihály et Sztára, Anton Graf
 
Personal Information
Born: Kaschau (Košice, Kassa) / Com. Abaúj-Torna / Hungary, 1740
Died: Graz / Styria, 23.01.1808

Family Status
Brother-in-law of B93 (Browne, Philipp Georg)

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst: ~1779
Generalmajor: 12.10.1788 (w.r.f. 04.10.1788)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 01.01.1794 [29.12.1793?] (w.r.f. 17.12.1793)
Feldzeugmeister: 06.03.1800
Retired: 02.1806

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Commanding General in Inner Austria and (until 1805) in the Tyrol: 04.1801 – 02.1806

Field Service (1792-1815)

Commander of the Imperial forces at the combat of Renchen: 28.06.1796 (–)
Commander of the Austrian forces at the battle of Diersheim: 20./21.04.1797 (–)
Commander of the autonomous Corps Sztáray: 02.-09.1799
Commander of the Austrian forces at the combat of Wiesloch: 03.12.1799 (+)
Commander of the Austrian forces at the combats of Höchstädt (Dillingen, Schwemmingen, Gundelfingen): 18./19.06.1800 (–)

Chivalric Order

Knight of the Order of Malta

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 21.12.1789 / CC: 18.09.1796
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°33: 1791 – 23.01.1808
I.R. Chamberlain

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)

Anton Graf Sztáray de Nagy-Mihaly was born in 1740 in Kaschau, now Kosice, Slovakia, into an old Hungarian noble family. In 1759, he joined the Austrian Infantry Regiment "Pálffy" N°19, as an officer cadet. In the Seven Years War, he fought in the battles of Kunersdorf (12 August 1759), Landshut (23 June 1760) and Liegnitz (15 August 1760) and at the capture of Schweidnitz fortress on 1 October 1761. For his actions, he was promoted to Hauptmann in Infantry Regiment "Károlyi" N°52. On 13 January 1779 (in the War of the Bavarian Succession), he successfully defended the village of Hermannsdorf against Prussian General von Lossow's assaults. For this, he was promoted to Oberst and commander of the 1st Szeckler Grenz Infantry Regiment. On 17 February 1779, he successfully defended his position at Pfaffenberg and Messnik, with only one battalion of his regiment, against five battalions of Prussians. For this, he was made commander of Infantry Regiment "Esterházy" N°33. In the wars against the Turks, Count Sztáray was again distinguished. On 27 April 1788, he was ordered to storm the fortress of Schabatz (now Sabac) with one battalion and three guns. He accomplished the task in grand style; the garrison surrendered with 22 guns, 19 colours and a numerous garrison. Shortly afterwards, in October 1788, he was promoted to Generalmajor.
On 21 December 1789, he was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Military Maria Theresian Order, for his bravery in the storming of Belgrade, where he commanded the 4th Column, which he led over the palisades before the Constantinopel gate and into the city.
In 1792, Count Sztáray served in the Austrian Netherlands as a brigade commander; on 23 May he won the clash of Florennes, against GdD Lafayette's (?) troops. On 1 January 1794, he was promoted to Feldmarschalleutnant. In 1796 he served in Germany in Latour's Right Wing of FM Wurmser's Army of the Upper Rhine. On 14-15 June, he fought the French of GdD Desaix at Maudach, then withdrew into the fortified camp at Mundenheim, to defend the bridge at Mannheim. He also fought at Malsch (9 July) and Neresheim (11 August). He commanded the Centre at the battle of Würzburg on 2 September and played a key role in that victory. The day before the battle, Sztáray had crossed the Main, from east to west, at Kitzingen and advanced on Würzburg. GdD Jourdan drew up his entire army (over 27,000 men) to crush the Austrian's 10 battalions and 17 squadrons. Despite this numerical imbalance, Sztáray decided to attack on the morning of 2 September, to hold the enemy until Erzherzog Carl could come up with the main body of the army. For this amazing deed, he was awarded the Commander's Cross of the MMTO on 18 September of that year. In 1797 he commanded the left wing of the army on the upper Rhine, from the River Murg to Rheinfelden. He was badly wounded while commanding in the battle of Diersheim on 20-21 April, which ended in an Austrian defeat.
In 1799, FML Count Sztáray commanded the right wing of the army in Swabia, guarding the Neckar valley. By his victory in the clash of Wiesloch (3 December), he drove the French from the right bank of the Rhine and relieved Philippsburg fortress. After the Austrian defeat at Hohenlinden on 3 December 1800, Sztáray was given the task of raising the Bohemian-Moravian Legion. In 1801 he was appointed Commanding General in Inner Austria. He retired in February 1806 and died on 23 January 1808 in Graz.

Printed Sources

ADB 37, p.293ff. | Bodart, pp.309, 322, 349, 356 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.503ff. | MilSchem | Wrede 1, p.353 | Wurzbach 42, p.258f. | WZ, 20.02.1808 | Zivkovic, Generalität, p.37 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, pp.54, 129

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Ebert (http://www.napoleon-online.de/AU_Generale/html/sztaray.html) (wrong: b. 1732)
Marek (http://genealogy.euweb.cz/hung/sztaray2.html)
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
 


Placed on the Napoleon Series: August 2008

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