Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics



 By Leopold Kudrna, with Biographical Essays by Digby Smith.




A Ba-Be | Bi-By | C | D | E | F | G | HI/J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | Sa-Sm | So-SzT | U | V | W | Y/Z 
 


Austrian Generals
1792-1815


V
 
Van Dalwich  to  Vukassovich




 V1 Van Dalwich, Johann

Personal Information
Born: around 1744
Died: Vienna, 28.04.1810

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor (title): 02.08.1807
Retired: 02.08.1807

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
MilSchem | WZ, 15.08.1810

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 V2 Van der Stappen, Peter Joseph

Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: 06.1795

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 13.09.1789 (w.r.f. 08.09.1789)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Colonel-Proprietor of the Artillery Regiment N°3: 1792 – 06.1795

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
MilSchem | (Wrede) 4, p.477

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 V3 Vasquez de Pinos, Peter Marqués de

Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: Preßburg (Pozsony, Bratislava) / Hungary, 31.10.1806

Promotions
Major: ~ 1782
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 29.12.1793
Retired: 29.12.1793

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Decoration of the Elisabeth Theresian Military Foundation: 1798

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
Auer, N°329 | MilSchem | Strobl, IR17, I, pp.103, 109 / II, p.3 | (Wurzbach 49, p.307f.)

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 V4 Vasquez de Pinos von Löwenthal, Vincenz Marqués de

Personal Information
Born: Pest / Hungary, 26.12.1739
Died: Brod / Slavonia, 01.02.1813

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant: 1805
Oberst: 1806
Generalmajor: 15.08.(09.?)1808
Retired: 2nd H 1812

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Fortress Commandant of Brod: 1808 – 2nd H 1812

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
Leitner 2, p.54 | MilSchem | Svoboda 1, col.23 | WZ, 05.10.1808, 01.04.1813

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 V5 Vavasor, Franz Anton Ritter von

Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: 12.08.1817

Promotions
Major: 1792
Oberstleutnant: 1793
Oberst: 1794
Generalmajor: 27.07.1799 (w.r.f. 23.07.1799)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
I.R. Chamberlain

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)


Printed Sources
MilSchem | Pizzighelli, DR5 ("Valvasor"), pp.57, 59, 64, 79, 250, 252, 254

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 V6 Vay de Vaya, Nikolaus
Vay de Vaya, Nikolaus Freiherr

Personal Information
Born: Zsolcza / Com. Borsod / Hungary, 06.09.1756
Died: Pest / Hungary, 11.05.1824

Name Variants
also: De Vay, Devay

Family Status
Married: 1799 Johanna Adelsheim, the widowed Freiin Bucky (1776-1863)

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor (title a.h.): 03.1807
Retired: 1809

Elevation of Social Status
Freiherr: 18.04.1783

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)


Printed Sources
MilSchem | Wurzbach 50, genealogical table (ad p.38)

Internet Sources
Marek [http://genealogy.euweb.cz/hung/vay2.html]
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 V7 Vay de Vaya, Paul Freiherr

Personal Information
Born: Gyöngyös (n.l.) / Hungary, 04.08.1735
Died: 24.12.1800

Name Variants
also: De Vay, Devay

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 11.06.1794 (w.r.f. 19.04.1794)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 09.02.1799 (w.r.f. 08.02.1799)
Retired: 1799

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 07.07.1794

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
Hirtenfeld 1, p.413f. (wrong: b. 1737) | MilSchem | Wurzbach 50, p.36f.

Internet Sources
Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 V8 Vécsey de Vécse et Hajnácskeö, August Freiherr
Vécsey de Vécse et Hajnácskeö, August Graf

Personal Information
Born: Leszniów (Lešniv) / Galicia, 22.08.1775
Died: Vienna, 15.01.1857

Family Status
Son of V10
Great-Grandnephew of V11
Married: 1801 Amalie Karolina Colson (1786-1826)

Promotions
Major: 26.01.1801
Oberstleutnant: 25.11.1805
Oberst: 31.07.1808
Generalmajor: 24.05.1809
Feldmarschalleutnant: 19.11.1820
General der Kavallerie: 02.04.1840
Retired: 08.01.1850

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Captain of the Hungarian Noble Life Guard: 02.04.1840 – 08.01.1850

Elevation of Social Status
Graf: 17.04.1813

Order of Chivalry
Knight of the Order of St. John (of Malta ?): 1843

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 28.05.1806
2nd Colonel-Proprietor of the Hussar Regiment N°3: 09.03.1829 – 15.01.1857
I.R. Privy Chancellor: 10.12.1838
I.R. Chamberlain

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
Russia:
Order of St. Vladimir 3rd cl.: 1815
Sardinia-Piedmont:
Order of St. Maurice and St. Lazarus – GC: 1821

Printed Sources
Hirtenfeld 2, p.793ff. (wrong: b. 1776) | Hoen, 1809/IV, p.802, note 1 | MD 5, p.146 | MilSchem | MZ, year 1857, N°5, p.39f. (wrong: b. 1776) | Wurzbach 50, p.43ff. | Wrede 3, p.243 | Wrede (6), p.62 | WZ, 03.08.1808, 26.05.1815 | Zivkovic, Generalität, p.42 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, p.43

Internet Sources
Jewison/Steiner
Marek [http://genealogy.euweb.cz/hung/vecsey2.html]
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 V9 Vécsey de Vécse et Hajnácskeö, Peter Freiherr

Personal Information
Born: Bodolló / Com. Abaúj / Hungary, 13.07.1768
Died: WIA Wagram / Lower Austria, 06.07.1809 à Nikolsburg (Mikulov na Morave) / Moravia, 21.07.1809

Family Status
Nephew of V11
Unmarried

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 14.08.1808

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 18.08.1801

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
Allmayer-Beck, p.78 (wrong: d. 07.07.1809) | Hirtenfeld 1, p.589f. (wrong: d. 07.07.1809) | MilSchem | Wurzbach 50, p.49ff. | WZ, 03.09.1808

Internet Sources
Jewison/Steiner
Marek [http://genealogy.euweb.cz/hung/vecsey3.html]
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 V10 Vécsey de Vécse et Hajnácskeö, Siegbert Freiherr

Personal Information
Born: Neustadtl a.d. Waag1 (N. Město n.Váhom, Vágújhely) / Com. Neutra / Hungary, 22.07.1739
Died: Pest / Hungary, 30.07.1802

Family Status
Father of V8
Grandnephew of V11
Married (1): Sophie Freiin von Reváy (1743-1791)
Married (2): 1792 Therese Gräfin von Zichy (1756-1802)

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant: 17692
Oberst: 01.09.1773
Generalmajor: 10.04.17833 (w.r.f. 03.05.1783)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 24.03.1790 (w.r.f. 20.03.1790)
Retired: 01.05.1801

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 21.12.1789
Colonel-Proprietor of the Hussar Regiment N°34 / (since 1798:) N°4: 19.02.1791 – 30.07.1802
I.R. Chamberlain

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
Amon, HR1, pp.57, 68f. (wrong: b. 1740), 492 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.268ff. | MilSchem | Wrede 3, p.250 | Wurzbach 50, p.51f.

Internet Sources
Jewison/Steiner
Marek [http://genealogy.euweb.cz/hung/vecsey2.html]
Marek [http://genealogy.euweb.cz/hung/revay3.html]
Marek [http://genealogy.euweb.cz/hung/zichy3.html]
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale (wrong: b. 22.03.1739)

Notes
1) Marek: Érsekújvár (?)
2) Amon, HR1, p.68: 1770 (?)
3) Amon, HR1, p.68: 01.02.1783 (?)


 
 V11 Vécsey de Vécse et Hajnácskeö, Stephan Freiherr

Personal Information
Born: 1719
Died: Ofen (Buda) / Hungary, 10.10.1802

Family Status
Uncle von V9
Granduncle of V10
Great-Granduncle of V8
Married: Judith Freiin Festetics de Tolna (17??-1802)

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 04.(06.?)06.1759 (w.r.f. 01.12.1758)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
MilSchem | Wurzbach 50, p.53f. (falsch: FML)

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
Marek [http://genealogy.euweb.cz/hung/vecsey3.html]
Marek [http://genealogy.euweb.cz/hung/festet1.html]


 
 V12 Vetter von Lilienberg, Wenzel Alois
Vetter von Lilienberg, Wenzel Alois Graf

Personal Information
Born: Czaslau (Čáslav) / Bohemia, 16.03.1767
Died: Zara (Zadar) / Dalmatia, 06.02.1840

Family Status
Married: 1809 Therese Gräfin von Daun

Promotions
Major: 25.05.1800
Oberstleutnant: 01.12.1805
Oberst: 27.07.18071
Generalmajor: 24.05.18092
Feldmarschalleutnant: 21.01.18173
Feldzeugmeister: 18.09.18384

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Fortress Commandant of Salzburg: 1816
Military Governor of Alessandria: 1821-1822
Military Commander (Commander of the Austrian forces) in Sicily: 03.1823 – 09.04.1826
City and Fortress Commandant of Venice: 16.07.1827 – 11.1828
Military Commander in Triest: 25.11.1828 – 07.1829
Commanding General in the Banal-Warasdin-Karlstadt Military Border: 11.1829 – 09.1831
Civil and Military Governor in Dalmatia: 03.09.1831 – 06.02.1841

Elevation of Social Status
Graf: 21.12.1813

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 30.04.18025
Order of the Iron Crown 1st cl.: 10.02.1823
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°18: 11.06.1821 – 06.02.1841
I.R. Privy Councillor: 02.03.1823
I.R. Chamberlain: 15.03.1817

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
Naples-Sicily:
Order of St. Ferdinand and of Merit – GC: 25.03.1826
Papal State:
Order of St. Gregor – GC: 1839
Parma:
Constantinian Order of St. George – CC: 1828
Saxony:
Order of Civil Merit – GC: 09.1838
Sardinia-Piedmont:
Order of St. Maurice and St. Lazarus – GC: 31.07.1821 / w.d.

Printed Sources
Amon, IR18, pp.450, 462ff. | Frank 5, p.156 | Frank-Döfering, 4532 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.730ff. | Hoen, 1809/IV, p.802, note 1 | Hubka, IR22, p.208 (wrong: GM on 07.06.1809) | MD 5, p.151 | MilSchem | ÖMZ, year 1841, vol 2, pp.189ff., 306ff.: Joseph von Jellachich: Lebensbeschreibung des k.k. Feldzeugmeisters Vetter Grafen von Lilienberg (p.313 wrong: proprietor IR 18: 14.06.1821) | Wurzbach 50, p.239ff. (wrong: Obstlt on 01.12.1804 / GM on 30.05.1809) | Zivkovic, Generalität, p.41 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, pp.67, 70, 76

Internet Sources
Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes
1) Amon, IR18, p.465: 22.07.1807 (?) / Hubka, IR22, p.01.08.1807: 01.08.1807 (?)
2) Amon, IR18, p.465 / ÖMZ: 30.05.1809 (w.r.f. 25.07.1809) (?)
3) Amon, IR18, p.465 / ÖMZ: 22.01.1817 (?)
4) Amon, IR18, p.466 / ÖMZ: 01.09.1838 (?)
5) ÖMZ: 15.04.1802 (?) / Amon, IR18, p.464: 05.05.1802 (?)


 
 V13 Vierset, Karl Albert Freiherr von

Personal Information
Born: Vierset Castle / Austrian Netherlands, 16.07.1720
Died: Vierset Castle / Austrian Netherlands, 30.01.1794

Name Variants
(French) Charles-Albert-Gaetan de Billehé de St.-Omer, Baron de Vierset

Promotions
France:
Marechal-de-Camp:
Into Austrian service: 1763
Generalmajor: 12.02.1763

Order of Chivalry
Knight of the Order of Malta: 1732

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°58: 1763 – 30.01.1794

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
Dauber, p.187 | Englebert N°35 | Guillaume, p.110 | MilSchem | Wrede 1, p.524

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 V14 Villata von Villatburg, Johann Freiherr

Personal Information
Born: Milan (Milano) / Lombardy, 29.12.1777
Died: Vicenza / Venetia, 22.12.1843

Name Variants
(Italian) Giovanni Villata

Promotions
Into Italian service: 1798
General of Brigade: 18111
Into Austrian service: 1814
Generalmajor: 02.07.1814
Retired: 04.1826

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Order of the Iron Crown 3rd cl.: 1821
2nd Colonel-Proprietor of the Cuirassier Regiment N°2: 1840 – 22.12.1843

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
France:
Order of the Légion d'Honneur – OC
Italy (France):
Order of the Iron Crown – CC: 05.1806
Naples-Sicily:
Military Order of St. George and of the Reunion – GC: 1821
Russia:
Order of St. Vladimir 3rd cl.: 1815

Printed Sources
Lombroso, p.507ff. | MilSchem | Wrede 3, p.133 | Wurzbach 51, p.2f. (wrong: d. 23.11.1843) | WZ, 07.08.1814, 18.10.1815

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
Lista dei generali italiani (Wikipedia)

Notes
1) Lista dei generali: 1813 (?)


 
 V15 Vincent, (Nikolaus) Karl Freiherr von

Personal Information
Born: Florence (Firenze) / Tuscany, 11.08.1757
Died: Bioncourt / Lorraine / France, 07.10.1834

Name Variants
(French) Nicolas-Charles Baron de Vincent

Family Status
Married: 1780 Charlotte-Joséphine de Rodouan de Fontaines (1756-1797)

Promotions
Major: 1794
Oberstleutnant: 16.08.1796
Oberst: 04.1797
Generalmajor: 29.10.1800 (w.r.f. 09.11.1800)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 14.08.1808
General der Kavallerie: 18.11.1818
Retired: 11.1825

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Adjutant General to the Emperor: 08.1796 – 10.1798
Special envoy in Paris (France): 21.03.1806 – 30.08.1806
Special envoy in Warsaw and Dresden (to Napoleon): 10.01.1807 – 20.07.1807
Special envoy in Erfurt and Paris (to Napoleon): 29.09.1808 – 13.11.1808
Governor-General in Belgium: 29.03.1814 1 – 01.08.1814
Minister plenipotentiary in Paris (France): 30.08.1814 / 29.11.1814 2 – 21.03.1815 3
Envoy extraordinary and Minister plenipotentiary in Paris (France): 21.05.1815 – 01.03. 1826 4

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 19.12.1790 / CC: 28.05.1806
Order of St. Stephen – GC: 1825
Order of Leopold – CC: 07.01.1809 / GC: 08.05.1815
Colonel-Proprietor of the Chevauxleger Regiment N°4: 1806 – 07.10.1834
I.R. Privy Councillor: ~ 1810
I.R. Chamberlain: 1797

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
France:
Military Order of St. Louis – CC: 29.05.1816 (?)
Great Britain:
Order of the Bath – CC: 1819
Naples-Sicily:
Order of St. Ferdinand and of Merit – GC: 1821
Netherlands:
Military Order of William – GC: 03.08.1815 5
Sweden:
Military Order of the Sword – GC: ~1814
Spain:
Order of Charles III. – GC: 1825

Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)
Karl Freiherr von Vincent was born in 1757 in Florence. Not much is known of his early military career. In 1790 he was a captain in Chevauxleger Regiment N°31 "Latour" in Flanders. On 19 December 1790, he was awarded the Military Maria Theresian Order (KC) for his part in putting down the rebellion in that province. In mid 1794, Vincent was promoted to Major and appointed ADC to FZM Graf von Clerfayt, commander of the Army of the Lower Rhine. Next year, Major Baron Vincent was transferred to the Army of the Upper Rhine, to act again, as ADC, this time to GdK Graf Wurmser. He was several times distinguished in the fighting around Mannheim, for which he was promoted to Oberstleutnant in the August 1796. In the short campaign of 1797, he served in a cavalry brigade under GM Graf von Merveldt and received his promotion to Oberst and Adjutant General to the Emperor. In 1799 Vincent was transferred to Dragoon Regiment "Savoy" N°15 and the following year appointed to commander of the Dragoon Regiment N°13. On 29 October 1800, he was promoted to Generalmajor.
In 1800 he commanded a cavalry brigade in Erzherzog Ferdinand's division of the Right Wing in the battle of Hohenlinden on 3 December. The campiagn of 1805 Vincent served in Italy in Lothringen's cavalry division in and commanded the rearguard brigade at Gorizia on 16 November, where he beat back all French attempts (Marshall Massena) to cross the Isonzo that day. In 1806 he was made Colonel Proprietor of the Chevauxleger Regiment N° 4 and on 28 May of that year, he was awarded the Commander's Cross of the MMTO. On 14 August 1808 Vincent was promoted to Feldmarschalleutnant.
At the beginning of the campaign of he served in Southern Germany 1809 and on 2 May 1809, he commanded a division in FZM Hiller's VI Corps at Ebelsberg; it consisted of an infantry and a cavalry brigade. At Aspern, he commanded another mixed division in VI Corps, and again at Wagram. In 1815 he was the Austrian observer at the battle of Waterloo and where he was wounded. On 18 November 1818, the Emperor promoted Vincent to General der Kavallerie. He died on 7 October 1834 in Bioncourt (Lorraine).

Printed Sources
ADB 39, p.732ff. | Guillaume, p.173 | Hirtenfeld 2, p.767ff. | MilSchem | Petiot, p.507f. (wrong: marr. 1782) | Repertorium 3, p.276 | Schwarz, Christa: Nicolas-Charles Baron de Vincent. Ein österreichischer Diplomat in Frankreich im Zeitalter der Restauration, Ph.D. thesis, Vienna, 1972 | Townsend, p.194 | Wengen, DR13, pp.574, 576 (wrong: b. "Briancourt", 11.10.1834) | Wrede 3, p.222 | Wrede (6), p.18 | Wurzbach 51, p.17ff. (wrong: d. 14.10.1834) | WZ, 03.09.1808, 11.01.1809, 19.04.1814, 13.08.1814, 30.05.1815 | Zivkovic, Generalität, p.40

Internet Sources
Ebert [http://www.napoleon-online.de/AU_Generale/html/vincent.html] (wrong: d. 14.10.1834)
Jewison/Steiner
Saint-Louis
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
Uythoven

Notes
1) Actual accession of the office on 05.05.1814
2) From 30.08.1814 to 29.11.1814 minister w/o character
3) Date of the last report to Vienna
4) Matsch: 01.07.1815 – 17.03.1825 (?)
5) Not mentioned in the MilSchem (!)


 
 V16 Vinchant de Gontroeul, Karl Franz Johann August Graf

Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: after 1794

Name Variants
(French) Charles-Françoise-Jean-Augustin Comte de Vinchant de Gontroeul
also: Gontreuil, Contreuil, Gontreul

Family Status
Father of V17

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 19.01.1771 (w.r.f. 24.09.1761)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
MilSchem (last entry in year 1794)

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 V17 Vinchant de Gontroeul, Karl Philipp Graf

Personal Information
Born: Mons (Bergen) / Austrian Netherlands, 05.07.1755
Died: Vienna, 15.07.1798

Name Variants
(French) Charles-Philippe-Joseph-Antoine Comte de Vinchant de Gontroeul
also: Gontreuil, Contreuil, Gontreul

Family Status
Son of V16

Promotions
Major: 04.1786
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst: 07.1790
Generalmajor: 04.03.1796 (w.r.f. 01.09.1794)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 07.07.1794 / CC: 15.04.1797
I.R. Chamberlain

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
Guillaume, pp.155, 270, 381 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.512ff. (wrong: b. 1753) | MilSchem | Wurzbach 51, p.22ff. (wrong: b. 1753)

Internet Sources
Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 V18 Vlassits, Franz von
Vlassits, Franz Freiherr von, Banus von Kroatien

Personal Information
Born: Dombóvár / Com. Tolna / Hungary, 24.04.1766
Died: Agram (Zagreb) / Croatia, 16.05.1840

Promotions
Major: 09.01.1804
Oberstleutnant: 01.1806
Oberst: 20.07.1808
Generalmajor: 30.03.1813
Feldmarschalleutnant: 03.07.1824

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Banus (= Viceroy) and Captain-General of Croatia, Dalmatia and Slavonia: 02.1832 – 16.05.1840
Commanding General in Slavonia and Syrmia: 11.1831 – 02.1832
Commanding General in the Banal-Warasdin-Karlstadt Military Border: 02.1832 – 16.05.1840

Elevation of Social Status
Freiherr: 02.1832

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 08.11.1813
Order of Leopold – GC: 1836
Colonel-Proprietor of the Uhlan Regiment N°2: 1828 – 16.05.1840
Colonel-Proprietor of the Grenz Infantry Regiments N°10 "Erstes Banal" and N°11 "Zweites Banal": 02.1832 – 16.05.1840
I.R. Privy Councillor

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
Amon, HR1, pp.211, 223ff., 496 | Hirtenfeld 2, p.1255ff. | MilSchem | Wrede 3, p.325 | Wurzbach 51, p.106ff. | WZ, 03.08.1808, 08.06.1813 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, pp.67, 68

Internet Sources
Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 V19 Vogel, Anton von

Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: Ödenburg (Sopron) / Hungary, 09.11.1822

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 04.10.1799 (w.r.f. 27.09.1799)
Retired: 1805

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Decoration of the Elisabeth Theresian Military Foundation: 1807

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)


Printed Sources
Auer, N°337 | MilSchem | (Wurzbach 51, p.164)

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 V20 Vogelhuber, Joseph von

Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: Ofen (Buda) / Hungary, 21.03.1822

Promotions
Major: 1779
Oberstleutnant: 1789
Oberst: 1793
Generalmajor: 24.04.1797 (w.r.f. 05.06.1797)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 01.05.1807
Feldzeugmeister (title): 27.04.1813
Retired: 27.04.1813

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)


Printed Sources
Gatti, ArtAk, p.71 | MilSchem | WZ, 04.07.1807, 11.05.1813, 08.06.1813

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 V21 Vogelsang, Ludwig Ritter von
Vogelsang, Ludwig Freiherr von

Personal Information
Born: Brussels (Bruxelles) / Austrian Netherlands, 12.12.1748
Died: Josephstadt (Josefov u Jaromere) / Bohemia, 28.06.1822

Family Status
Married: Henriette-Victoire Sanchez de Aguilar

Promotions
Major: 1788
Oberstleutnant: 1790
Oberst: 1791
Generalmajor: 04.03.1796 (w.r.f. 16.02.1795)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 06.03.1800 (w.r.f. 16.09.1799)
Feldzeugmeister: 27.05.1809

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)
Fortress Commandant of Josephstadt: 1810 – 07.1813
Fortress Governor of Josephstadt: 07.1813 – 28.06.1822

Elevation of Social Status
Freiherr: 25.02.1793

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 19.12.1790
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°47: 18.11.1805 – 28.06.1822

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)


Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)
Ludwig Ritter (later: Freiherr) von Vogelsang was born on 12 December 1748 in Brussels. On 4 March 1796, he was promoted to Generalmajor; he served in Germany in Werneck's Reserve, under Erzherzog Carl in the Army of the Lower Rhine, and was at the battle of Würzburg as commander of a grenadier brigade. On 6 March 1800 Vogelsang received his promotion to Feldmarschalleutnant and was put in commanded of a division in northwestern Italy. He took part in the siege of Genoa and later commanded a division of FML Ott's Left Column at Marengo on 14 June 1800. In 1805, he fought in the centre of the army in Italy, commanding a division. On 27 May 1809, he was promoted to Feldzeugmeister. He died on 28 June 1822.

Printed Sources
ADB 40, p.156ff. | Amon, IR47, pp.442, 537ff. | Englebert N°36 | Frank 5, p.166 | Guillaume, pp.154f., 270 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.321f. | MD 8, p.268 | MilSchem | Ritter, p.248ff. | Wrede 1, p.444 | Wurzbach 51, p.204ff. | WZ, 15.08.1810, 14.10.1813 | Zivkovic, Generalität, p.38

Internet Sources
Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 V22 Voikovich de Voikffy et Klocsok, Christoph Graf

Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: 1792

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 05.12.1772

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
MilSchem ("Voicsy")

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 V23 Volkmann, Anton von

Personal Information
Born: Balassa-Gyarmáth / Com. Neograd (Nógrád) / Hungary, 17751
Died: Linz / Upper Austria, 05.04.1824

Promotions
Major: 06.1797
Oberstleutnant: 1805
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 02.09.1813

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 24.10.1809

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
Bavaria:
Military Order of Maximilian Joseph – KC: 1814
Prussia:
Order of the Red Eagle 2nd cl.
Russia:
Order of St. Vladimir 3rd cl.

Printed Sources
Hirtenfeld 2, p.900ff. | MilSchem | Wurzbach 51, p.253ff. | WZ, 09.09.1813

Internet Sources
Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes
1) Schmidt-Brentano: 1765 (?)


 
 V24 Vukassovich, Joseph Philipp von
Vukassovich, Joseph Philipp Freiherr von

Personal Information
Born: St. Peter in der Lika (Ličko Petrovo Selo) / Croatia, 1755
Died: WIA Wagram / Lower Austria, 06.07.1809 à Vienna, 09.08.1809

Name Variants
also: Wukassovich, Vukasović

Family Status
Married: Johanna Pulcheria Gräfin Malfatti von Kriegsfeld (1779-1854)

Promotions
Major: 1788
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst: 1794
Generalmajor: 02.05.1796 (w.r.f. 23.05.1796)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 02.10.1799 (w.r.f. 07.10.1799)

Field Service (1792-1815)
Commander of the (autonomous) Corps in Southern Tyrol: 06.1800 – 01.1801
Commander of the Austrian forces at the combat of Verona: 18.10.1805 (–)

Elevation of Social Status
Freiherr: 10.12.1788

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 15.11.1788
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°48: 07.1799 – 09.08.1809

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)
Joseph Philipp von (later: Freiherr von) Vukassovich, son of an officer in a Grenz Infantry Regiment, was born in 1755 in Sankt Peter, in the Lika border province. He was educated in a military engineer school. In 1775 he joined a Grenz Infantry Regiment and five years later he was promoted to Oberleutnant. In 1787, at the outbreak of the war with the Turks, Vukassovich was a captain in the Grenz Infanterie Regiment "Licaner" N°1. He soon proved himself in the numerous clashes with the Turks in Montenegro and Hercegovina, and on 15 November 1788 (now a major) he was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Military Maria Theresian Order. In 1789 he raised the Freikorps Gyulai, which soon reached a strength of 3,000 men in 12 companies of infantry and 4 squadrons of hussars. As commander, he was promoted to Oberst and served with this unit until returning to the Licaner Grenz Regiment in 1790. In the wars of the 1st Coalition, he served in northern Italy, on the Mediterranean coast. He was distinguished in the defeat of Loano (23-24 November 1795), where his spirited defence of the monastry of Certosa (Chartreuse) held up the French for so long.
The next Vukassovich commanded a brigade in Mercy d'Argentau's division in northern Italy, even though still a colonel. He fought at Dego on 15 April; initially with success, but Napoleon brought up La Harpe's division and Victor's brigade and finally won the contest. A fatal error in the dates in his orders had caused him to come into action one day later than intended. After his promotion to Generalmajor (5 May 1796) Vukassovich passed with his brigade over the Adda bridge at Lodi (10 May), just before the French attacked it. When the Austrian Mincio line was broken at Borghetto on 30 May, he withdrew north, up into the Tyrol. He now became part of Davidovich's Corps of the Tyrol. At the second attempt to relieve Mantua, Vukassovich was poised to advance down the Etsch on 3 September. By some mischance, Napoleon came to know the Austrian plan and mounted a pre-emptive strike at Davidovich. On 4 September, Massena and Vaubois attacked Davidovich and drove him out of Roveredo with the loss of 3,000 men and 25 Guns. On 5 September, Massena entered Trient and Davidovich was pushed from behind the River Lava to Neumarkt up the Etsch. Vukassovich fought in the Austrian victories at Cembra and Calliano (2-7 November), at Rivoli on 17 November and in the defeat there on 22 of that month. GM Vukassovich then commanded an assault column in the disaster at Rivoli on 14-15 January 1797, in Alvinczy's final attempt to relieve Mantua. On the first day of the battle, he was on the left wing at Somano on the Etsch, and fought against the 39e Demi Brigade.
On 28 April 1799, in the clash at Verdiero, GM Vukassovich had caused GdD Jean-Mathieu-Philibert Serurier to surrender with 2,700 men. He then commanded the advance guard and took Novara, Vercelli, Ivrea, Casale, Cherasco, relieved Ceva and took Mondovi. In July 1799 Vukassovich was appointed Colonel Proprietor of Infantry Regiment N°48 and on 2 October 1799, he was promoted to Feldmarschalleutnant, commanding a division in Locarno. At the start of the Marengo campaign, his unit was deployed in Bellinzola, to block the St. Gotthard Pass. In the event, he was cut off and had to retreat to Milan. He took no part in the siege of Genoa and was not at Marengo.
In 1805, he was again in Italy, commanding a division in Bellegarde's right wing. Despite being warned by Erzherzog Carl, not to get involved in a serious combat at Verona, he insisted in attacking the place on 18 October and was soundly defeated by Massena. He was relieved of his command on 24 October and replaced by Orsini-Rosenberg.
In his last campaign of 1809 Vukassovich fought at Aspern and was mortally wounded at Wagram, commanding a division in III Corps, in the defence of Süssenbrunn. He finally died one month later on 9 August 1809 in Vienna.

Printed Sources
ADB 40, p.375ff. | Allmayer-Beck, p.78 | Bodart, p.365 | Frank 5, p.171 | Gatti, IngAk, p.242f. | Hirtenfeld 1, p.237f. | Hold, IR48, pp.14, 66f. | Hollins, p.29ff. | Leitner 2, p.111ff. | MilSchem | Wrede 1, p.453 | Wurzbach 52, p.22ff. | Zivkovic, Heerführer, p.129

Internet Sources
Ebert [http://www.napoleon-online.de/AU_Generale/html/vukassovich.html] (wrong: GM on 01.09.1796)
Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale (retired: 1800 ?)



Placed on the Napoleon Series: November 2008

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