Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics



 By Leopold Kudrna, with Biographical Essays by Digby Smith.




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Austrian Generals
1792-1815


W


Wachter  to  Wurmser


 W1 Wachter von Wachtenburg, Joseph

Personal Information

Born: 17??
Died: Prague (Praha) / Bohemia, 11.07.1821

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 25.02.1809
Feldmarschalleutnant: 05.01.1820

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

MilSchem

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 W2 Wacquant-Geozelles, (Johann Peter) Theodor von
Wacquant-Geozelles, (Johann Peter) Theodor Freiherr von

Personal Information
Born: Briey / Lorraine / France, 17.05.17541
Died: Vienna, 18.03.1844

Name Variants

(French) Jean-Pierre-Théodore Baron de Wacquant-Geozelles

Family Status

Married (1): 1794 Marie-Christine-Françoise de Wolff (? – before 1825), aunt of N°2
Married (2): 1825 Marie-Anne-Josèphine de Wolff (? – before 1844), niece of N°1

Promotions

Major: 10.05.1793
Oberstleutnant: 06.08.1795
Oberst: 11.10.1800
Generalmajor: 02.04.1807 (w.r.f. 10.06.1805)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 25.08.1809
Feldzeugmeister: 08.03.18352
Retired: 11.03.1839

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Special envoy in Stuttgart (Württemberg): 24.12.1813 – 19.02.1814
Fortress Governor (Vice Governor ?) of Mainz: 03.-04.1815
Envoy in Kassel (Hessen): 09.1816 – 1821
Military Commander in Silesia (Troppau): 02.-12.1821
President of the Military Appellate Court: 02.07.1833 – 11.03.1839

Elevation of Social Status

Freiherr: 15.03.1810

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 24.05.1809
Order of St. Stephen – KC: 1815
Order of Leopold – GC: 1839
Order of the Iron Crown 1st cl.: ~1816
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°62: 03.1810 – 18.03.1844
I.R. Privy Councillor: 09.1815
I.R. Chamberlain: 11.1812

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Baden:
Order of the Lion of Zähringen – GC
Bavaria:
Military Order of Maximilian Joseph – CC
Civil Order of Merit of the Bavarian Crown – GC: 1815
R.B. Chamberlain
Hannover:
Guelphic Order – GC: 1820
Hessen-Kassel:
Order of Military Merit
Order of the Golden Lion – GC (w.d.)
Order of the Iron Helmet
Hessen-Darmstadt:
Order of Ludwig – GC
Prussia:
Order of the Red Eagle 2nd cl.
Russia:
Order of St. Vladmir 2nd cl.
Order of St. Anne 1st cl.: 1813
Württemberg:
Order of Military Merit (Military Order of Charles) – CC: ~1795

Printed Sources

Frank 5, p.173 | Frank-Döfering, 4591 | Doerr, p.280 | Hirtenfeld 2, p.978ff. | MD 5, p.165 (w/o date of birth) | MilSchem | Petiot, p.512f. | Repertorium 3, p.283 | Wrede 1, p.549 | Wurzbach 52, p.50ff. | WZ, 25.11.1809, 17.03.1810, 20.02.1814, 13.05.1815, 13.08.1815 | Zivkovic, Generalität, p.41 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, pp.34, 71, 74

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Petiot: 07.05.1754 (?)
2) Petiot / Zivkovic, Generalität: 08.04.1835 (?)


 
 W3 Waldeck und Pyrmont, Christian August Prinz zu

Personal Information
Born: Arolsen / Waldeck, 06.12.1744
Died: Cintra near Lisbon / Portugal, 24.09.1798

Family Status
Brother of W4

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 10.04.1783 (w.r.f. 12.03.1783)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 27.05.1789 (w.r.f. 10.06.1789)
General der Kavallerie: 21.05.1794 (w.r.f. 30.10.1794)
Portugal:
Field Marshal: 18.05.1797

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Chief of the Quartermaster General Staff: 05.1794 – 08.1794

Field Service (1792-1815)

Chief of the Quartermaster General Staff of the Army of the Netherlands: 05.-08.1794

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – CC: 25.10.1793
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°?: before 1781
Colonel-Proprietor of the Dragoon Regiment N°39 / (since 1798:) N°7: 1781 – 25.09.1798

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

(Palatinate-)Bavaria:
Order of St. Hubert: before 1796

Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)

Born on 6 December 1744 Christian August Prinz zu Waldeck und Pyrmont was an Oberstleutnant in Dragoon Regiment N°39 "Pfalz-Zweibrücken" in 1770; from 1771, he commanded this regiment. He served as a volunteer in the Russian army in the war with Turkey and returned to his regiment as Oberst in 1773. In 1781 he was appointed Colonel-Proprietor of that regiment, which was re-numbered 7 in 1798 and again to 2 in 1802. On 10 April 1783, he was promoted to Generalmajor. In the wars against the Turks, Waldeck commanded a brigade under FM Baron Loudon. He was distinguished in several clashes on the Bezanji dam and around Semlin. On 27 May 1789, he was promoted to Feldmarschalleutnant.
In the 1792 campaign, he commanded a mixed division in Hohenlohe-Kirchberg's Austrian force on the upper Rhine and was distinguished in action at Thionville on 6 September of that year, in which he lost his left arm. He was then called to Vienna, to help plan the next campaign for the allied Austro-Prussian army. As joint operations had – to date – been badly coordinated, Waldeck proposed that, as soon as the city of Mainz had fallen, each army should advance and operate independently. The Prussians would hear nothing of it. Finally, all agreed to invade Alsace, which was Graf Wurmser's pet project. Waldeck served under Wurmser and commanded the 1st Column in the assault on the Weissenburg lines on 13 October. He raided the French camp at Wantzenau on 26 October, killed and wounded about 1,000 of the enemy and took 160 prisoners, 14 guns and 2 howitzers.
On 21 May 1794, he was promoted to General der Kavallerie and assumed command of the army after Wurmser left, until FZM von Brown arrived. On 25 October 1793, he was awarded the Commander's Cross of the Military Maria Theresian Order. His next task was as Chief of Staff in the Netherlands, but he was soon called to Vienna to join the Aulic War Council. On 18 May 1797, he transferred into Portuguese service as a field marshal, with the aim of reorganizing the army; jealousy of many Portuguese officer thwarted this. He died on 24 September 1798, in Cintra, near Lisbon.

Printed Sources

Hirtenfeld 1, p.395f. (wrong: d. 25.08.1798) | MilSchem | Wrede 3, p.305 | Wrede (6), p.41 | Wurzbach 52, p.169ff. (wrong: d. 25.08.1798) | MD 1, p.176 | Regele, p.28 (Commanding General in Bohemia ?) | Zivkovic, Generalität, p.36 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, p.108

Internet Sources

Ebert [http://www.napoleon-online.de/AU_Generale/html/waldeck.html] (wrong: d. 25.08.1798)
Jewison/Steiner
Marek [http://genealogy.euweb.cz/waldeck/waldeck4.html]
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 W4 Waldeck und Pyrmont, Georg Prinz zu
Waldeck und Pyrmont, Georg Fürst zu

Personal Information
Born: Arolsen / Waldeck, 06.05.1747
Died: Pyrmont / Pyrmont (Waldeck), 09.09.1813

Family Status

Brother of W5
Married: 1784 Albertine Charlotte Prinzessin von Schwarzburg-Sondershausen (1768-1849)

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant: 1769
Oberst: 1774
Generalmajor: 10.04.1783 (w.r.f. 05.05.1783)

Change of Social Status

Regierender Fürst (sovereign prince) von Waldeck: 24.09.1812

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

(Palatinate-)Bavaria:
Order of St. Hubert: before 1796

Printed Sources

MD 2, p.116 | MilSchem | Schmedes, IR28, p.300

Internet Sources

Marek [http://genealogy.euweb.cz/waldeck/waldeck4.html]
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
Theroff [http://pages.prodigy.net/ptheroff/gotha/waldeck.html]


 
 W5 Waldstein von Wartenberg-Dux, Georg Joseph Johann Nepomuk Graf

Personal Information

Born: 11.04.1768
Died: Leitomischl (Litomyšl) / Bohemia, 26.04.1825

Family Status

Cousin of W6
Married: Maria Franziska Gräfin von Hohenfeld

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 06.05.1814

Order of Chivalry

Knight of the Order of Malta

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

I.R. Chamberlain

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

MilSchem | WZ, 25.07.1814

Internet Sources

Marek [http://genealogy.euweb.cz/waldstein/waldstein7.html]
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 W6 Waldstein von Wartenberg-Dux, Joseph Karl Emanuel Graf

Personal Information

Born: 16.02.1755
Died: Großgall (n.l.) / Bohemia, 17.03.1814

Family Status

Cousin of W5
Unmarried (?)

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor (title a.h.): 08.03.1810

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

MD 5, p.170 | MilSchem | (Wurzbach 52, p.226) | WZ, 17.03.1810

Internet Sources

Marek [http://genealogy.euweb.cz/waldstein/waldstein7.html]
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 W7 Wallis auf Carrighmain, Michael Johann Ignaz Graf von

Personal Information
Born: Naples (Napoli), 04.01.1732
Died: Vienna, 18.12.1798

Family Status

Brother of W8

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant: ~ 1752
Oberst: 1758
Generalmajor: 19.04.1764 (w.r.f. 01.05.1759)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 01.05.1773 (w.r.f. 06.05.1767)
Feldzeugmeister: 08.04.1784 (w.r.f. 01.04.1784)1
Feldmarschall: 12.10.1789 (w.r.f. 09.10.1789)

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Commanding General in Moravia and Silesia: 06.1779 – 01.1784
Commanding General in Bohemia: 01.1784 – 02.1789
President of the Aulic War Council: (08.1790)10.12.1791 – 05.1796

Field Service (1790-1815)

Commander of the main army: 11.1789 – 10.1791

Order of Chivalry

Knight of the Order of Malta
Commander

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°11: 1774 – 18.12.1798
I.R. Privy Councillor (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Duffy, p.394 (wrong: b. Vienna / d. 18.10.1798) | Ebert, p.(148) | HKR-Präs, N°21 (p.35) | MD 5, p.171 | Megerle, p.322f. | MilSchem | Schmidhofer, p.206f. | Wrede 1, p.189 | Wrede (6), pp.20, 29 | Wurzbach 52, p.267f. (wrong: appointed Cmdg Gen in Bohemia in 1787) | Zivkovic, Generalität, pp.13, 35 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, pp.3, 51, 53

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Zivkovic, Generalität, p.35: 08.04.1835 (?)


 
 W8 Wallis auf Carrighmain, Olivier Remigius Graf von

Personal Information
Born: Vienna, 01.10.17421
Died: WIA Zürich / Switzerland, 04.06.1799 à Kloten / Switzerland, 19.07.1799

Family Status

Brother of W7
Married: Walpurga Freiin von Hennent

Promotions

Major: 1767
Oberstleutnant: 1768
Oberst: 1769
Generalmajor: 26.11.1777 (w.r.f. 29.04.1777)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 09.10.1787 (w.r.f. 04.10.1787)
Feldzeugmeister: 21.05.1794 (w.r.f. 12.07.1794)

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Vice Director General of Artillery: 02.1792 – 06.1799
Commanding General in Venetia: 01.-11.1798

Field Service (1792-1815)

Commander of the (autonomous) Corps at the Upper Rhine: 05.-07.1792 / 10.1792 – 02.1793
Commander of the Army of Italy: 08.1794 – 03.1795
Commander of the allied forces at the battle of Dego: 21.09.1794 (–)
Commander of the Army of Italy: 11.1795 – 03.1796
Commander of the Army of Italy: 01.1798 – 11.1798

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°29: 19.02.1791 – 19.07.1799

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)

Oliver Remigius Graf von Wallis, Freiherr von Carrighmain was born on 1 October 1742 into an Irish emigrant family, long in Austrian service. As a youth, he entered his father's regiment; he became an Oberst quickly and from 1769-1777, he commanded it. On 26 November 1777, he was promoted to Generalmajor. In the wars against the Turks (1787-92) he served under FM Graf von Loudon and later FZM Graf von Clerfayt and was distinguished on several occasions.
In 1791 – in the meantime he had been promoted to Feldmarschalleutnant – Graf Wallis was appointed Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°29. In the 1792 campaign, he commanded a mixed division in Hohenlohe-Kirchberg's Austrian force on the upper Rhine and the Moselle. At the end of this year, his force was along the Rhine, from Basle to Strassburg. On 21 May 1794, Wallis received his promotion to Feldzeugmeister. In late 1795, he was transferred to northern Italy, where, on 22 November, he assumed command of the Army of Lombardy from FZM Graf de Vins. Next day, with 18,000 men, he was heavily defeated at the battle of Loano by GdD Schérer with his 25,000 men. On 24 November, he lost all his artillery and train in the clash of San Giacomo. Snowfall brought hostilities to an end. In April 1796, Wallis was relieved of his command by FZM Graf Beaulieu.
In 1799, he commanded part of the army in Swabia under Erzherzog Carl. In the Austrian victory over GdD Jordan's Armée du Rhin in the battle of Ostrach (21 March), he commanded the 3rd Assault Column and in their defeat at Stockach (25 March), he commanded the right wing. From 14-25 April, Erzherzog Carl was sick and Wallis assumed command. Wallis commanded Erzherzog Carl's reserve in the 1st battle of Zürich on 4 June, where GdD Massena's Armée du Danube was defeated. In that battle Wallis was mortally wounded, leading 5 battalions of grenadiers to storm the French redoubts on Mount Zürich. He died on 9 July 1799.

Printed Sources
Allmayer-Beck, p.75 | Bodart, p.298 | Duffy, p.394 | Hödl, IR29, pp.174, 217, 560 | MD 5, p.171f. | MilSchem | Wurzbach 52, p.261 | Wrede 1, p.324 | Wrede (6), pp.30, 31 | Zivkovic, Generalität, p.36 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, pp.12, 128

Internet Sources

Ebert [http://www.napoleon-online.de/AU_Generale/html/wallis.html]
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Hödl, IR29: 16.10.1742 (?)


 
 W9 Wallisch, Christoph Andreas von
Wallisch von Strehlenberg und Langenthall, Christoph Andreas Freiherr

Personal Information

Born: Milan (Milano) / Lombardy, 1732
Died: Vienna, 02.01.1793

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 30.01.1779 (w.r.f. 20.01.1779)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 27.05.1789 (w.r.f. 29.04.1789)

Field Service (1790-1815)

Commander of the (autonomous) Corps in Croatia: 08.1789 – 04.1790

Elevation of Social Status

Freiherr: 06.07.1771 (with predicate: "von Strehlenberg und Langenthall")

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 11.11.1763
Colonel-Proprietor of the Cuirassier Regiment N°21: 10.02.1790 – 02.01.1793

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

Frank 5, p.182 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.196ff. | MilSchem | Wrede 3, p.165 | Victorin, DR7, p.208f., 401 | Wurzbach 52, p.271ff. | Zivkovic, Heerführer, p.126

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 W10 Wallmoden-Gimborn, Ludwig Georg Thedel Freiherr von
Wallmoden-Gimborn, Ludwig Georg Thedel Graf von

Personal Information
Born: Hannover, 06.02.1769
Died: Vienna, 20.03.1862

Promotions

Prussia:
[rank ?]
Into Austrian service: 1795
Major: 16.04.1797
Oberstleutnant: 03.08.1798
Oberst: (16.?)08.1801
Generalmajor: 02.04.1807 (w.r.f. 30.05.1805)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 25.08.1809
Great Britain:
Lieutenant General: 21.01.1812
Quit Austrian service: 03.1813
Into Russian service: 03.1813
Lieutenant General: 30.[18.]03.1813
Into Austrian service: 24.05.1815
General der Kavallerie: 18.09.1838
Retired: 19.10.1848

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Special envoy in London (Great Britain): 01.1809 – 24.04.1809
Military Commander in Lombardy (Milan): 03.1827 – 03.1848

Elevation of Social Status

Graf (by elevation of his father): 27.04.1781

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 13.07.1809
Order of Leopold – GC: 1848
Officers Military Service Cross 2nd cl.: 1849
Colonel-Proprietor of the Cuirassier Regiment N°6: 1819 – 20.03.1862
I.R. Privy Councillor: 1831

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Great Britain:
Order of the Bath – CC: 1815 (?) / GC: 1835
Hannover:
Guelphic Order – GC:
Naples-Sicily:
Order of St. Ferdinand and of Merit – GC: 1817
Military Order of St. George and of the Reunion – GC: 1821
Prussia:
Order of the Red Eagle 1st cl.: ~ 1814
Order Pour-le-Mérite: 11.09.1794 / w. the crown: 18.07.1844
Russia:
Order of St. Alexander Nevskij: 1846
Order of St. George 3rd cl.: 03.10.[21.09.]1813
Order of St. Vladimir 2nd cl.
Order of St. Anne 1st cl.: / w.d.: 1821 / w. swords
War Medal 1812 (for military)
War Medal 1812 (for nobles)
Sweden:
Military Order of the Sword – GC: ~ 1814

Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)

Ludwig Georg Thedel Freiherr (later Graf) von Wallmoden-Gimborn was born on 6 February 1769 in Hanover. He first entered Hanoverian service, in 1790, as a Leutnant in the Leibgarde Regiment. He then transferred to the Prussian army that same year, serving in the 6th Hussar Regiment "Wolfradt". In 1794 he won the Pour le Merite for his conduct at Kaiserslautern, 17-20 September. In October 1795 he entered Austrian service, as a Rittmeister in Hussar Regiment "Vecsey" N°34. He won his spurs in the campaigns of 1796-1800. In 1797, Wallmoden transferred to Chevauleger Regiment "Karaczay" N°18. He became a Major on the general staff on 16 April 1797. On 7 June 1798, he transferred to Dragoon Regiment "Toskana" N°2, which was disbanded in 1802. On 3 August 1798, Graf Wallmoden was promoted to Oberstleutnant in the Uhlan Regiment N°1 and became Oberst and commander of the regiment on 16 August 1801.
On 2 April 1807, he was promoted to Generalmajor. Two years later, he went to London and concluded a treaty of subsidies between the two states. In the campaign of this year, he commanded a light cavalry brigade in FML Vincent's division of FML Graf von Klenau's VI Corps. He was distinguished at Wagram, for which he was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Military Maria Theresian Order. On 25 August 1809, he was promoted to Feldmarschalleutnant. In 1812, FML Wallmoden transferred to British and then to Russian service; at the end of that campaign, he was appointed commander of the Russo-German Legion, which fought well in the Wars of Liberation from 1813-1815. Wallmoden fought at Dennewitz on 6 September, where he won the Russian Order of St. George 3rd class. He led them to the victory of the Göhrde on 16 September 1813 against GdD Pecheux's division. He returned to Austrian service after the Peace of Paris in 1815 and in 1817 was appointed to command those Austrian troops in Naples. In 1819 the emperor appointed him Colonel-Proprietor of the Cuirassier Regiment N°6. In June 1821 he occupied Sicily, where he stayed until 1823.
On 18 September 1838, he was promoted to General der Kavallerie. He died on 26 March 1862 in Vienna. Whilst in Austrian service, he had done much work to improve the training of light infantry in skirmishing.

Printed Sources

ADB 40, p.761f. | Frank 5, p.182 | Hildebrand/Zweng, N°1762 and K 37 | Hirtenfeld 2, p.1027ff. | MD 5, p.172 (w/o date of death) | Mikaberidze, p.443 | MilSchem | MZ, year 1862, N°27 (from 02.04.1862), p.209f. (wrong: Col-Proprietor of 6th CuirReg in 1816) | Repertorium 3, p.276 | Townsend, p.195 | Wrede, DR6, p.927 | Wrede 3, p.159 | Wurzbach 52, p.275ff. | WZ, 25.11.1809, 30.01.1815 | Zivkovic, Generalität, p.42 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, pp.78, 134

Internet Sources

Ebert [http://www.napoleon-online.de/AU_Generale/html/wallmoden.html]
Jewison/Steiner
Malyškin, C.A. – Podmazo, Aleksandr: Val’moden-Gimborn Ljudvig Georg Teodor [http://www.museum.ru/museum/1812/Persons/slovar/sl_v29.html].- Download: 28.06.2004
Memoirs of General Mikhail Vorontsov: 1812-1813 Campaigns. Translated by Alexander Mikaberidze [http://amik78.tripod.com/vorontsov.htm].- Download: 31.11.2005
Podmazo, Aleksandr: Val’moden-Gimborn Ljudvig Georg Teodor [http://www.museum.ru/museum/1812/Persons/russ/ra_v29.html].- Download: 28.06.2004
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
Steiner, Jörg C.: Ludwig Graf von Wallmoden-Gimborn [http://www.austro-hungarian-army.co.uk/biog/wallmoden.html].- Download: 07.06.2004
Vederman


 
 W11 Walther von Waldenau, Joseph

Personal Information

Born: Passau / Passau (prince-bishopric), 1749
Died: Vienna, 28.05.1834

Name Variants

also: Walthör, Wallthör

Promotions

Major: 1789
Oberstleutnant: 1794
Oberst: 1796
Generalmajor: 06.03.1800 (w.r.f. 21.03.1800)
Feldmarschalleutnant (title): 22.01.1808
Retired: 22.01.1808

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

Gatti, IngAk, p.222 | MilSchem | Wurzbach 53, p.18 | WZ, 20.02.1808 | Wrede, DR6, pp.674, 928f.

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 W12 Warnsdorf, Gottfried Christian Hugo Freiherr von

Personal Information

Born: Würzburg / Würzburg (prince-bishopric), 27.09.1743
Died: Vienna, 09.03.1831

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 08.02.1795 (w.r.f. 01.07.1795)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 05.03.1806 (w.r.f. 20.02.1806)
Feldzeugmeister (title): 10.01.1828
Retired: 10.01.1828

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 07.07.1794
I.R. Privy Councillor
I.R. Chamberlain

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

Hirtenfeld 1, p.427f. (wrong: d. 1739) | MilSchem | Wurzbach 53, p.90f. | Zivkovic, Generalität, p.40

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 W13 Wartensleben, Ferdinand Graf von

Personal Information
Born: Gyömrö / Com. Pest / Hungary, 18.01.1778
Died: Rozdall (Rozdoł) / Galicia, 07.03.1821

Family Status
Son of W14

Promotions

Major: 29.05.1800
Oberstleutnant: 21.11.1804
Oberst: 31.03.1805
Generalmajor: 03.05.1809
Quit: 1810
Into active service again: 1813
Feldmarschalleutnant: 30.04.1815

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 18.08.1801

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Prussia:
Order Pour-le-Mérite: 13.03.1794

Printed Sources

Amon, HR10, p.206f. (wrong: b. 1777) | Hildebrand/Zweng, N°1546 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.679ff. (wrong: b. 1777) | MilSchem | Wurzbach 53, p.106ff. | WZ, 25.11.1809, 08.05.1815

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 W14 Wartensleben, Wilhelm Ludwig Gustav Graf von

Personal Information
Born: Exten / Hessen-Kassel, 11.10.1734
Died: Vienna, 21.04.1798

Family Status

Father of W13
Married: 1773 Clara Gräfin Teleki de Szék (1730-1798)

Promotions

Netherlands:
[rank]:
Into Austrian service: 1758
Major: 1758
Oberstleutnant: 1762
Oberst: 1773
Generalmajor: 29.01.1777
Feldmarschalleutnant: 15.09.1787 (w.r.f. 12.09.1787)
Feldzeugmeister: (11.10.?)1794 (w.r.f. 04.06.1794)

Field Service (1792-1815)

Commander of the (autonomous) Corps at the Lower Rhine: 06.-08.1796
Commander of the Austrian forces at the battle of Friedberg: 10.07.1796 (–)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – CC: 22.04.1790
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°28: 1779 – 21.04.1798

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)

Born on 11 October 1734 in Erten, in the state of Hessen-Kassel, Wilhelm Ludwig Gustav Graf von Wartensleben transferred from Dutch to Austrian service in 1758, as a Major in the Szluiner Grenz Infantry Regiment. He fought in the Seven Years War and was present (and mentioned in despatches) in the clash at Meissen on 4 December 1759, where the Austrians scattered the Prussians under General von Diericke. On 20 August 1760, he was again distinguished in the clash at Strehla and in 1762 was promoted to Oberstleutnant, having again been distinguished in the clash at Chemnitz, where he scattered the Prussian relief column. A few days later, he was badly wounded in the clash at Gepulzig. In 1773 he was promoted to Oberst and given command of the Ottocaner Grenz Infantry Regiment. On 29 January 1777, he was promoted to Generalmajor.
In view of his deeds in the War of the Bavarian Succession, Wartensleben was appointed Colonel Proprietor N°28. On 15 September 1787, he was promoted to Feldmarschalleutnant. In the wars against the Turks (1787-92), he was again frequently mentioned in despatches, for example, in the clash at Mount Lassmare, in the Czerna valley on 17 August 1788, where he caused over 500 Turkish casualties. He was again distinguished, on 29 August 1788, in the clashes on the withdrawal through Kornia and Terregova to Fehnisch and on 21 September of that year, during the Austrian retreat to Karansebes. In April 1790, he was key to the fall of the fortress of Neu-Orsova. On 22 April 1790, he was awarded the Commander's Cross of the Military Maria Theresian Order. Four years later Graf Wartensleben received his promotion to Feldzeugmeister.
In 1795 he served under Clerfayt in the Army of the Lower Rhine in the withdrawal from Düsseldorf to the River Main. He served at the successful siege of Mannheim, which fell on 22 November 1795. Following Clerfayt's removel from command, Wartensleben assumed acting command of the army until Erzherzog Carl arrived, on 11 April 1796. Wartensleben then served under Erzherzog Carl in the Army of the Lower Rhine. At the end of the following June, Erzherzog Carl had to go to the upper Rhine front, which was in danger. He left Wartensleben in command on the middle Rhine. Jourdan now crossed to the east of the Rhine with his Armée du Sambre-et-de-la-Moselle and pushed Wartensleben's 36,000 men before him with apparent ease. On 10 July, Jourdan beat him at Friedberg, north of Frankfurt; Wartensleben fell back to south of the River Main, abandoning Frankfurt and Würzburg. It is thought that he was suffering badly from gout at this period and left vital operational decisions to his staff. It was not until the Austrians joined forces again and defeated Jourdan at Amberg on 24 August, that Wartensleben (now again under Erzherzog Carl's command) came to life again. He fought in the battle of Würzburg on 3 September 1796, as commander of the Reserve and was mortally wounded in the battle of Emmendingen on 19 October 1796, dying in Vienna on 21 April 1798.
He has been accused of being far too old-fashioned, and too pig-headed to accept any advice, which clashed with his own opinion. He was too obsessed with guarding borders, fortresses and magazines to throw his army into the destruction of the enemy.

Printed Sources

Bodart, p.310 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.280ff. | MilSchem | Wrede 1, p.316 | Wurzbach 53, p.109ff. | Zivkovic, Generalität, p.36 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, pp.127, 128

Internet Sources

Ebert [http://www.napoleon-online.de/AU_Generale/html/wartensleben.html]
Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 W15 Watlet, Wenzel Ludwig Tobias von
Watlet, Wenzel Ludwig Tobias Freiherr von

Personal Information

Born: 20.06.1769
Died: Vienna, 06.01.1841

Name Variants

also: Wattlet

Promotions

Major: 1801
Oberstleutnant: 27.08.1805
Oberst: 21.02.1808
Generalmajor: 24.05.1809
Feldmarschalleutnant: 09.12.1820

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Fortress Commandant of Josephstadt: 1833-1838
Lieutenant Captain of the First Arcièren Life Guard: 1840 – 06.01.1841

Elevation of Social Status

Freiherr (by elevation of a family member): 14.03.1778

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Order of the Iron Crown 3rd cl.: 12.02.1816
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°41: 1823 – 06.01.1841

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

Hoen, 1809/IV, p.802, note 1 | MilSchem | Nahlik, IR55, pp.24f., 29f. | Schmedes, IR28, p.293 | Wurzbach 53, p.149 (w/o date of birth) | WZ, 09.03.1808, 20.02.1816 | Wrede 1, p.409

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 W16 Watzel, Joseph

Personal Information
Born: around 1764
Died: Graz / Styria, 08.09.1842

Name Variants

also: Watzl

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant: 08./09.1808
Oberst: 06.1809
Generalmajor: 20.10.18131
Feldmarschalleutnant (title a.h.): 23.02.1828
Retired: 23.02.1828

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Military Commander in Carniola (Laibach): 07.1820 – 23.02.1828

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

Hubka, IR22, pp.208, 222 | MilSchem | WZ, 05.10.1808, 27.10.1813 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, p.75

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Hubka, IR22, p.222: 22.10.1813 (?)


 
 W17 Weber von Treuenfels, Franz Johann

Personal Information

Born: around 1745
Died: WIA Aspern / Lower Austria, 21.05.1809 à Vienna, 24.05.1809

Promotions

Major: 30.01.1794
Oberstleutnant: 09.07.1796
Oberst: 21.03.1797
Generalmajor: 06.09.1800 (w.r.f. 04.09.1800)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 14.08.1808

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)



Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Allmayer-Beck, p.77 | Amon, IR18, p.262f., 283, 290, 338 | Hoen, 1809/IV, p.787 | MilSchem | WZ, 03.09.1808

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 W18 Weeber, Konrad von

Personal Information

Born: 1739
Died: Gyöngyös (n.l.) / Hungary, 17.09.1810

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 29.10.1800 (w.r.f. 02.11.1800)
Feldmarschalleutnant (title): 14.08.1808
Retired: 14.08.1808

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)



Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

MilSchem | Wenke, DR1, p.275 (wrong: d. 20.09.1810) | WZ, 03.09.1808

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 W19 Wegler, [N.] von

Personal Information

Born: 17??
Died: Braunau (Broumov) / Bohemia, 27.02.1792

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 27.05.1789 (w.r.f. 26.05.1789)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)



Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

MilSchem

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 W20 Weigl, Joseph
Weigl von Löwenwarth, Joseph
Weigl von Löwenwarth, Joseph Freiherr

Personal Information
Born: 17471
Died: Brescia / Lombardy, 28.02.1830

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant: 05./06.1808
Oberst: 1813
Generalmajor: 22.09.1813
Feldmarschalleutnant: 09.03.1828

Elevation of Social Status

plain nobility: 09.06.1803 (with predicate: "von Löwenwarth")
Freiherr: 22.08.1814

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 02.04.1814
2nd Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°42: 1824 – 28.02.1830

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Baden:
Order of Military Merit of Charles Frederick – CC

Printed Sources

Frank 5, p.194 | Frank-Döfering, 4617 | Hirtenfeld 2, p.1307f. | MilSchem | Wrede 1, p.417 | Wurzbach 53, p.289f. (wrong: GM in 1814) | WZ, 09.07.1808

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Schmidt-Brentano: 1767/68 (?)


 
 W21 Weiss, Johann Philipp von

Personal Information

Born: 17??
Died: Graz / Styria, 14.06.1805

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 29.04.1801 (w.r.f. 21.04.1801)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)



Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

MilSchem

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 W22 Weiss, Joseph
Weiss von Finkenau, Joseph
Weiss von Finkenau, Joseph Freiherr

Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: Komorn (Kómarom) / Hungary, 04.03.18301

Promotions

Major: 11.11.1799
Oberstleutnant: 31.08.1805
Oberst: 30.11.1805
Generalmajor: 24.05.1809
Feldmarschalleutnant: 20.10.1813

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Fortress Commandant of Komorn: 1813/14 – 04.03.1830

Elevation of Social Status

plain nobility: 05.06.1805 (with predicate: "von Finkenau")
Freiherr: 21.02.1829

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

Amon, IR47, pp.401, 434, 438, 463 | Frank 5, p.197 | Frank, N°10097 | Frank-Döfering, 4622 | Hoen, 1809/IV, p.802, note 1 | MilSchem | Wurzbach 54, p.152 | WZ, 27.10.1813

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Schmidt-Brentano: 04.04.1830 (?)


 
 W23 Weissenwolf, Nikolaus Joseph Rochus Graf von

Personal Information
Born: Prague (Praha) / Bohemia, 16.08.1763
Died: Linz / Upper Austria, 11.04.1825

Name Variants

actually: N.J.R. Graf Ungnad von Weissenwolf

Promotions

Major: 1796
Oberstleutnant: 21.07.17971
Oberst: 18.09.1800
Generalmajor: 01.09.1805 (w.r.f. 10.04.1805)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 27.05.1809

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Military Commander in Upper Austria (Linz): 06.1816 – 11.04.1825

Chivalry Orders

Knight of the Order of Malta (min. aet.): 17732
Professed Knight Of the Order of Malta: 15.06.1811
Commander of the commandery Maidelberg (Dívči Hrady) in Moravia: 1824 – 11.04.1825

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 30.10.1813
2nd Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°3: 1809 – 11.04.1825
I.R. Chamberlain: 1792

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Russia:
Order of St. Anne 1st cl.: 1813

Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)

Born on 16 August 1763 as a member of the family of the bishops of Bamberg, Nikolaus Joseph Rochus Franz Graf Ungnad von Weissenwolf entered military service in the Austrian army in the War of the Bavarian Succession (1777-1779) as Fähnrich, in Infantry Regiment "Joseph Colloredo" N°57. In April 1779, he was promoted to Lieutenant. He fought in the Turkish wars as Hauptmann in the Infantry Regiment "Esterhazy" N°32; he repeatedly distinguished himself in action.
On 7 October 1793, Graf Weissenwolf was distinguished in the defence of Maubeuge, the capture of the Neckar redoubts and – in September1796 – at the battle of Würzburg. After this, Erzherzog Carl sent him to Vienna with news of the victory. He was then a Major in the Croatian Freicorps until its disbandment in July 1797, following his transfer to Infantry Regiment "Michael Graf Wallis" N°11 as Oberstleutnant.
In 1799 he fought in the Engadin valley in the Alps, and saw much activity behind the French lines in the Tschiefer valley and around Czernez. He was then commander of a grenadier battalion, fought at Tauffers then went into Italy. He fought at the battle of Novi, again at Genola. Graf Wartensleben also distinguished himself at Marengo on 14 June.
In September 1800, he was promoted to Oberst. He was very distinguished at the battle of Caldiero.
On 1 September 1805, he was promoted to Generalmajor.
In 1809, he was promoted to FML (27 May) and appointed 2nd Colonel-Proprietor of Infantry Regiment "Esterhazy" N°32; in the campaign, he served as a brigade commander in Kottulinsky's division of Hiller's VI corps, and fought at Rottenburg, Landshut, Ebelsberg and Znaim.
In 1813 FML Graf Wartensleben commanded a grenadier division in the Reserve Corps. He helped save the day at Leipzig on 16 October, in the south at Wachau and Auenhain. On 18 October, he threw Poniatowski's troops out of Dölitz manor house complex. On 30 October, he was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Military Maria Theresian Order.
In 1814, he fought at Fere-Champenoise and Paris. He was thence a divisional commander in Austria until his death on 11 April 1825 in Linz.

Printed Sources

Amon, IR4, p.330 | Angeli, Carl 3, p.136 | Dauber, p.202ff. | Hirtenfeld 2, p.1231f. | MD 5, p.183 (w/o date of death) | MilSchem | Wrede 1, p.131 | Wurzbach 54, p.185ff. | WZ, 25.11.1809, 20.02.1814 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, p.73

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Dauber, p.202: 12.1797 (?)
2) Date of the formal reception: 18.08.1776


 
 W24 Welsch, Leopold von

Personal Information

Born: around 1730
Died: Frankfurt/Main (Free Imperial City), 17.04.1796

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 16.01.1790 (w.r.f. 02.12.1789)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 04.03.1796 (w.r.f. 26.06.1795)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)



Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

MilSchem

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 W25 Wenckheim, Franz Xaver von
Wenckheim, Franz Xaver Freiherr von

Personal Information

Born: Graz / Styria, 03.04.1736
Died: KIA Courtray / Austrian Netherlands, 11.05.1794

Name Variants

also: Wenkheim

Family Status

Brother of W26
Married: Karoline Freiin von Rosenfeld (1751-1827)

Promotions

Major: 1770
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst: 1778
Generalmajor: 21.07.1787
Feldmarschalleutnant: 05.09.1793

Elevation of Social Status

Freiherr: 18.12.1776

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 19.12.1790
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°35: 09.1793 – 11.05.1794

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)

Franz Xaver von (later: Freiherr von) Wenckheim was born in 1736 in Graz. In 1754, he entered Austrian military service as Fähnrich in Infantry Regiment "Piccolomini" N°25, with which he fought through the Seven Years War. He distinguished himself in the siege of Schweidnitz, and by 1764 was a Hauptmann. In 1770, he transferred to Infantry Regiment "Pellegrini" N°49, as a Major. In 1773, he was appointed commander of a grenadier battalion and by 1778 was Oberst and commander of his regiment. In the War of the Bavarian Succession, his regiment guarded Prague, capital of Bohemia; they were then sent to Vienna.
On 21 July 1788, Wenckheim was promoted to Generalmajor and went to the front in the wars against the Turks. Here, he was often distinguished, such as when he held the vital Beschonier Pass, near Semlin, against repeated Turkish attacks for three months. On 30 September 1798, he won the Knight's Cross of the Military Maria Theresian Order at the storming of Belgrade, where he commanded six battalions of grenadiers.
In April 1792, GM Wenckheim arrived in Flanders. He was distinguished in the Austrian victory in the battle of Neerwinden on 18 March 1793, and again in the actions at Bois des Mormalle, Vicogne and at the capture of Valenciennes fortress on 25 July of that year. On 5 September 1793, he was promoted to Feldmarschalleutnant; a little later, he was appointed Colonel Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°35. The next year Wenckheim was killed in action at Courtray on 11 May 1794.

Printed Sources

Allmayer-Beck, p.73 | Frank 5, p.202 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.296 | May, IR35, pp.105f., 108 | MilSchem | Wrede 1, p.367 | Wurzbach 54, p.269f.

Internet Sources

Ebert [http://www.napoleon-online.de/AU_Generale/html/wenkheim.html]
Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 W26 Wenckheim, Johann Georg Joseph von
Wenckheim, Johann Georg Joseph Freiherr von
Wenckheim, Johann Georg Joseph Graf von

Personal Information
Born: Graz / Styria, 28.10.1734
Died: Vienna, 05.09.1803

Name Variants

also: Wenkheim

Family Status

Brother of W25
Married: Therese Freiin von Gruber (1741-1801)

Promotions

Major: 1762
Oberstleutnant: 1771
Oberst: 01.06.1773
Generalmajor: 10.04.17831 (w.r.f. 18.04.1783)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 16.01.1790 (w.r.f. 03.02.1790)

Elevation of Social Status

Freiherr: 18.12.1776
Graf: 09.04.1802

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

2nd Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°52: 1791 – 05.09.1803

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Dragoni, IR45, pp.172, 182 | Frank 5, p.202 | MilSchem | Wrede 1, p.478 | Wurzbach 54, p.268

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Dragoni, IR45, p.182: 12.04.1783 (?)


 
 W27 Werneck, Franz Freiherr von

Personal Information

Born: Stuttgart / Württemberg, 13.10.1748
Died: Königgrätz (Hradec Králové) / Bohemia, 17.01.1806

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 09.10.1789 (w.r.f. 24.09.1789)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 28.05.1794 (w.r.f. 31.08.1794)
Retired: 26.06.1797
Reactivated: 1805

Field Service (1792-1815)

Commander of the (autonomous) Corps at the Lower Rhine: 09.1796 – 04.1797
Commander of the Austrian forces at the battle of Heddesdorf: 18.04.1797 (–)
Commander of the Austrian forces at the combat of Neresheim: 17.10.1805 (–)
Commander of the Austrian forces at the capitulation of Trochtelfingen: 18.10.1805 (–)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 19.12.1790 / CC: 18.09.1796
I.R. Chamberlain

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)

Franz Freiherr von Werneck was born on 13 October 1748, in the Württemberg royal residence in Stuttgart. In 1764, he entered the Austrian Infantry Regiment "Wied-Runkel" N°28, as an Oberleutnant. He then soon transferred to Infantry Regiment "Stain" N°50, as a Hauptmann and by 1784 had risen to Oberst and regimental commander. He fought in the wars against the Turks and was distinguished on 13 September 1788 at Slatina, where, with a battalion of his regiment, he drove 400 Turkish infantry from a strategic hill. In 1789, he commanded his regiment with courage and determination at the battle of Mehadia. It was mainly his conduct at the storm of Belgrade, on 30 September of that year, where he commande the 1st Assault Column (a company of volunteers, a grenadier battalion and one battalion IR "Stain" N°50), which secured his promotion to Generalmajor on 9 October 1789. On 19 December 1790, he was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Military Maria Theresian Order.
In the 1792 campaign, he commanded a grenadier brigade in the battle of Jemappes on 6 November with much distinction. In 1793 he fought at Aldenhoven (1 March) and Neerwinden (18 March) and at the siege of Valenciennes from 25 May to 27 July. He also took notable part in the Anglo-Austrian siege of Dunkirk (24 August – 8 September 1793) under FML Graf d'Alton. In early 1794, he commanded an infantry brigade in Alvinczy's Reserve under Sachsen-Coburg in the Netherlands and on 29 March 1794, he again shone in the battle of Le Cateau. In May 1794, he was promoted to Feldmarschalleutnant and was attached to the Prince of Orange's combined force. In 1795 Werneck served under Clerfayt on the middle Rhine. On 29 October, he commanded the Reserve in the fortress of Mainz for the successful battle there. In 1796 he served in Germany under Erzherzog Carl and was at the battle of Würzburg as commander of 12 grenadier battalions in Wartensleben's Reserve of the Army of the Lower Rhine. On 18 September of this year, he was awarded the Commander's Cross of the MMTO. In 1797 he commanded a corps of 30,000 men on the lower Rhine. On 18 April, the French forced the crossing of that river at Neuwied, completely surprising Werneck. They also won a stunning victory, inflicting the worst defeat for years on Austria. Werneck was placed in retirement on half-pay as punishment.
He was reactivated for the campaign of 1805 and given command of a corps under Mack. Mack finally decided to evacuate Ulm and ordered Werneck to act as advanced guard on 13 October. His march was very soon detected and Napoleon ordered his 10,000-strong command to be destroyed. Werneck's rearguard (GM Mecsery) was caught by Ney at Langenau and Nerestetten on 16 October and scattered. Werneck was defeated by Murat's cavalry at Neresheim on 17 October and capitulated at Trochtelfingen next day to GdD Belliard. Werneck died of a stroke on 17 January 1806, whilst awaiting court-martial for the disastrous events of the previous year.

Printed Sources

Bodart, pp.321, 365 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.505 | MilSchem | Wurzbach 55, p.43 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, p.128

Internet Sources

Ebert [http://www.napoleon-online.de/AU_Generale/html/werneck.html] (wrong: b. 19.07.1748)
Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 W28 Wetzel, Joseph von

Personal Information

Born: around 1744
Died: Vienna, 20.03.1813

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 01.09.1805 (w.r.f. 20.02.1804)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 25.09.1809
Retired: 1810

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)



Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

MilSchem | WZ, 22.04.1813

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 W29 Wetzel, Karl Joseph Freiherr von

Personal Information
Born: around 1742
Died: Marburg (Maribor) / Styria, 23.04.17971

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 01.03.1797 (w.r.f. 24.01.1797)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)



Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Janota, IR56, pp.115, 142 | MilSchem

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Schmidt-Brentano: 23.03.1797 (?)


 
 W30 Weyrother, Franz von

Personal Information
Born: Vienna, 1755
Died: Vienna, 16.02.1806

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant: 1797
Oberst: 1800
Generalmajor: 01.09.1805 (w.r.f. 02.04.1805)

Field Service (1792-1815)

Chief of the Quartermaster General Staff of the Army of Germany: 09.-12.1800
Chief of the Quartermaster General Staff of the Allied Army: 11.-12.1805

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 11.05.1796

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)

Franz von Weyrother was born in 1755 in Vienna. As a youth, he attended the military engineering academy and in 1775, he entered the Infantry Regiment "Lacy" N°22 as a Kadett. From 1778 to 1783, he acted as an ADC (Leutnant) to GM Wenzel Joseph Graf von Colloredo-Wallsee. He was promoted to Hauptmann in 1789 for his bravery, fighting the Turks. From 1 November 1794 to 30 August 1795, he was ADC to the Governor of Mainz, GM Andreas Freiherr von Neu. In 1796 he served on Erzherzog Carl's staff and was promoted to Oberstleutnant. In 1799, he acted as Austrian liaison officer to Russian FM Graf Suvorov and was present at the battle of Novi on 15 August of that year. Weyrother personally worked out Suvorov's route over the St Gotthard Pass to Schwyz. Early in 1800, he was promoted to Oberst and posted to the staff of Erzherzog Johann's army in Bavaria. He fought at Hohenlinden and on the combats back to Salzburg.
On 1 September 1805, Weyrother was promoted to Generalmajor and posted to the staff of FM Prince Kutusov. Weyrother developed the allied plan for the battle of Austerlitz. Following this dreadful defeat, he withdrew into private life but died shortly afterwards on 16 February 1806.

Printed Sources

ADB 42, p.287ff. | Gatti, IngAk, p.296f. | Hollins, p.52f. | MilSchem | Regele, p.30 | Wurzbach 55, p.211f. | Zivkovic, Heerführer, pp.109, 110

Internet Sources

Ebert [http://www.napoleon-online.de/AU_Generale/html/weyrother.html]
Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) MilSchem: Brünn (?) / ADB, Hollins: 1754 (?)


 
 W31 Wied zu Runkel und Eisenberg, Friedrich Ludwig Prinz von
Wied zu Runkel und Eisenberg, Friedrich Ludwig Fürst von

Personal Information
Born: Dierdorf / Wied, 29.01.1770
Died: Dierdorf / Rhenish Prussia, 28.04.18241

Promotions

Netherlands:
[rank?]
Into Austrian service:
Major: 1799
Oberstleutnant: 12.1800
Oberst: 10.1804
Generalmajor: 12.02.18092
Feldmarschalleutnant: 26.07.1813

Change of Social Status

Fürst: 1824

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 24.05.1809
Order of Leopold – CC: 29.03.1814
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°34: 10.01.1815 – 28.04.1824

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Bavaria:
Military Order of Maximilian Joseph – CC3
Naples-Sicily:
Military Order of St. George and of the Reunion – GC: 1821

Printed Sources

Hirtenfeld 2, p.981ff. | Kreipner, IR34, pp.500, 515, 528 | MilSchem | Nekrolog 1824/2, p.706ff. | Ritter, p.361ff. | Strobl, IR17, I, p.128 / II, p.3 | Wrede 1, p.360 | Wurzbach 55, p.290ff. | WZ, 31.07.1813, 14.10.1813, 14.04.1814

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Marek [http://genealogy.euweb.cz/runkel/runkel5.html]
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) MilSchem: 26.04.1824 (?) / Kreipner, IR34, p.500: d. in Dorfaf (?)
2) Strobl, IR17, I, p.128 / II, p.3: 18.02.1809 (?)
3) After Kreipner, IR34, p.500 (not mentioned in MilSchem) (?)


 
 W32 Wielhorski, Michael Graf von

Personal Information
Born: around 1753
Died: (Ungarisch Brod [Uherské Brod] / Moravia ?), 03.03.1805

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst: 1803
Generalmajor: 09.1804 (w.r.f. 02.09.1804)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)



Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

MilSchem | Wurzbach 56, p.19f.

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 W33 Wiesy, Karl Ritter von

Personal Information
Born: 1750
Died: Agram (Zagreb) / Croatia, 06.02.1802

Name Variants
also: Wisy

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 26.11.1800 (w.r.f. 01.02.1801)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)



Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

MilSchem

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 W34 Wilczek, Joseph Franz Johann Baptist August Graf von

Personal Information
Born: 28.08.1752
Died: Vienna, 14.07.1828

Name Variants

also: Wilczeck
 
Family Status
Married: Rosalie von Schulz (1760-1831)

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant: 03.12.1788
Oberst: 30.01.1794
Generalmajor: 01.03.17971 (w.r.f. 17.02.1797)
Feldmarschalleutnant (title): 12.04.1826
Retired: 12.04.1826

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

I.R. Chamberlain

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

Amon, IR18, pp.237, 241, 262, 290 | MD 6, p.5 | MilSchem | Nekrolog 1828/2, N°839 (p.948) | Wurzbach 56, genealogical table (ad p.112)

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Amon, IR18, p.290: 21.03.1797 (?)


 
 W35 Wilhelmi von Willenstein, Wilhelm

Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: 30.06.1813

Name Variants

also: Wilhelmy

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst: 26.10.1796
Generalmajor: 06.03.18001 (w.r.f. 17.03.1800)
Retired: 1805

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Anonymous, DR2, pp.317f., 336 | MilSchem | WZ, 14.10.1813

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Anonymous, DR2, p.336: 05.03.1800 (?)


 
 W36 Wimpffen, (Franz) Georg Sigmund Dominik Freiherr von

Personal Information
Born: 1735
Died: 13.02.1816

Family Status
Father of W37
Married (1): Julie Therese Freiin von Böselager
Married (2): Josepha Freiin von Gastheimb

Promotions

France:
Major
Into Austrian service:
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 01.05.1773 (w.r.f. 31.07.1765)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 10.04.1783 (w.r.f. 06.04.1783)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

MilSchem | Wurzbach 56, p.242f.

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 W37 Wimpffen, Maximilian Alexander Freiherr von

Personal Information
Born: Münster / Münster (prince bishopric), 19.02.1770
Died: Vienna, 29.08.1854

Family Status

Son of W36

Promotions

Major: 31.08.1799
Oberstleutnant: 25.01.1801
Oberst: 27.08.1805
Generalmajor: 26.04.1809
Feldmarschalleutnant: 02.09.1813
Feldzeugmeister: 21.10.1830
Feldmarschall: 04.12.18441

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Chief of the Quartermaster General Staff: 07.05.1809 – 22.08.1809
Military Commander in Silesia (Troppau): 08.1814 – 11.1820
Adlatus of the Commanding General in Venetia: 01.1821 – 03.1824
Chief of the Quartermaster General Staff: 03.1824 – 01.11.1830
Commanding General in Upper and Lower Austria and in Salzburg: 21.10.1830 – 18.12.18442
Captain of the First Arcièren Life Guard: 18.12.1844 – 29.08.1854

Field Service (1792-1815)

Chief of the Quartermaster General Staff of the Main Army (= Army of Germany): 05.-08.1809
Commander of the Army Corps at the Rhine: 10.1815 – 01.1816

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Order of the Golden Fleece: 26.11.1852
Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 28.05.1806 / CC: 24.05.1809
Silver Tyrolean Defence Medal 1799: 1800
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°13: 1815 – 27.08.1854
I.R. Privy Councillor: 14.01.18213
I.R. Chamberlain: 1807

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Hessen-Darmstadt:
Order of Ludwig – CC 1st cl.: 1827
Parma:
Constantinian Order of St. George – CC: 1828
Russia:
Order of St. Anne 1st cl.

Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)

Maximilian Alexander, Freiherr von Wimpffen was born on 19 February 1770 in Münster, Westfalia, as son of Franz Georg Joseph Ludwig Sigismund Dominik. He entered Austrian military service in the Wiener Neustadt Military Academy. In 1786, he was appointed Fähnrich in the Infantry Regiment "Clerfayt" N°9, but transferred next year to Infantry Regiment "Alvinczy" N°19.
From 1788 to 1789, he fought in the Turkish wars as an Unterleutnant. On 30 September 1789, Wimpffen volunteered to lead the assault column that broke into Belgrade at the Constantinople gate, where he was wounded in the foot.
In 1792 he was promoted to Oberleutnant in the grenadier battalion Morzin in Brussels and the Champagne.
He fought at Neerwinden and took that village and 2 guns, before he was wounded and captured. He spoke with French General Dumouriez and told him that he was a nephew of the French General Felix Wimpffen. After six weeks Wimpffen was paroled. In 1793 he fought at the sieges of Valenciennes (25 May-27 July), and at Maubeuge (30 September-16 October).
In 1794 Wimpffen took part at the siege of Landrecy and the battle of Charleroi. This year he was promoted to Hauptmann. In 1795 he was transferred to the Genoese riviera, where he distinguished himslef at Loano (east of Nice, on the Gulf of Genoa) on 23-24 November. Next year, he served in Italy, on the (Quartermaster) General Staff in FZM Freiherr von Beaulieu's Headquarter. He was twice wounded at the Mincio River and saved Beaulieu, his GHQ and the war chest. He later fought at Castiglione.
In 1796, he took part in the second attempt to relieve Mantua on 3 August. In November 1796, he fought at Bassano on the Brenta River (6 November) and at Caldiero (12 November) under FZM Alvinczy and at Arcole on the left wing, on 15-17 November.
He then went to up into the Tyrol as Quartermaster General under FML Bellegarde.
In 1799, he fought at Feldkirch where Marshal Massena gave up attempts to storm his redoubts after three days. He was badly wounded in the right shoulder at Tauffers, on 25 March, leading a charge of the Erdödy Hussars. Wimpffen was then sick for some months in Bolzano, but promoted Major on QMG staff.
The government of the Tyrol sent him a letter of thanks and a silver medal for bravery. His right arm and leg were now useless, as a result of his wounds; he taught himself to write with his left hand and refused a quiet post in the Hungarian Insurrektion.
In 1800, he fought at the Mincio River, where he again was wounded, this time in the left arm.
In 1801, major Wimpffen was promoted to Oberstleutnant in the Infantry Regiment "Kray" N°34, then to Infantry Regiment "Ignaz Gyulai" N°60. In 1805, he was promoted to Oberst. His duties took him to Vienna, where he drew up plans for the defence of Olmütz, in Moravia. He was then attached to FML Liechtenstein's corps and took part in the battle of Austerlitz, where he was wounded twice, in the right arm and the right ankle. On 28 May 1806, Wimpffen was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Military Maria Theresian Order and appointed Adjutant General to Erzherzog Carl.
On 26 April 1809, Oberst Wimpffen received his promotion to Generalmajor and was still with Erzherzog Carl. During the fights at Regensburg and Landshut two horses were shot from under him. In May he replaced GM Prochaska as CoS of the Army of Germany. He was very distinguished at Aspern on 24 May, and was awarded the Commander's Cross of the MMTO. After Erzherzog Carl's resignation from command of the army following the armistice of Znaim, a committee of generals was to take over in his place; Wimpffen resigned in protest and was a brigade commander in Bohemia and Transylvania for three years. The Czar offered him the post of Lieutenant General in the Russian War Ministry but he refused.
On 2 September 1813, Wimpffen was promoted to Feldmarschalleutnant and commanded a division in I Corps in the Army of Bohemia. In 1814, he fought in the Champagne and around Troyes, Limonest and Lyon versus Marshal Augereau. He stormed Marchand's redoubts at Voreppe on the Isere and was also engaged at Arcis-sur-Aube on 20-21 March, where the Austrians defeated Napoleon. On 11 December 1815, he took Landau fortress.
From 1814 to 1820, FML Freiherr von Wimpffen served as Military Commander in Austrian Silesia; in 1821, he was appointed Adlatus of the CO of Venetia. During the Italian rebellion he went to FML Graf Bubna's aid in Milan with twelve battalions, for which he was appointed Privy Councillor in 1821.
FM Baron Wimpffen died on 29 August 1854 in Vienna.

Printed Sources

ADB 43, p.327ff. | Amon, Hauptleute, p.71ff. | Angeli, Carl 4, p.245, 558 | Hirtenfeld 2, p.871ff. | Hollins, p.53ff. | Kreipner, IR34, p.377 | Leitner 2, p.142ff. | MilSchem (wrong: d. 27.08.1854) | ÖMZ, year 1863, vol 3, p.285ff. / vol 4, p.103ff.: Johann Nosinich: Feldmarschall-Lieutenant Baron Wimpffen im Feldzuge von 1815 (Nach Quellen des k.k. Kriegsarchivs) | Regele, p.31 | Rupprecht, IR60, pp.39f., 44, 55, and appendix, p.9 | Svoboda 1, col.176ff. | Vlies-Orden, p.189, N°955 | Wrede 1, p.206 | Wrede (6), p.41, 72 | Wurzbach 56, p.252ff. | WZ, 09.09.1813 | Zivkovic, Generalität, pp.14, 41 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, pp.44, 49, 60, 74, 110, 134

Internet Sources

Boettger
Ebert [http://www.napoleon-online.de/AU_Generale/html/wimpffen.html]
Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Amon, Hauptleute, p.78: 18.12.1844 (?)
2) Zivkovic, Heerführer: 11.1844 (?)
3) Amon, Hauptleute, p.78: 11.06.1821 (?)
 

 
 W38 Winczian, Timotheus

Personal Information
Born: Beravce (Beravci) / Croatia, 22.06.1769
Died: Warasdin (Varaždin, Varasd) / Croatia, 27.09.1829

Name Variants
also: Vinzian

Promotions

Major: 1801
Oberstleutnant: 1806
Oberst: 1809
Generalmajor: 26.07.1813
Retired: 12.10.1816

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

MilSchem | Svoboda 1, col.186 (wrong: d. 23.02.1839) | WZ, 31.07.1813, 14.10.1813

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 W39 Winkler, Julius Paul Freiherr von

Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: 12.05.1806

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 04.03.1796 (w.r.f. 23.04.1796)
Retired: 1801

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)



Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

MilSchem

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 W40 Wintzingerode-Ohmfeld, Ferdinand Freiherr von

Personal Information
Born: Allendorf an der Werra / Hessen-Kassel, 15.02.1770
Died: Wiesbaden / Nassau, 17.06.1818

Family Status

Married: Jane Diana King

Promotions

Major: 1797
Into Russian service: 1797
Major: 19.[08.]06.1797
Lieutenant Colonel: 1798
Colonel: 05.06.[25.05.]1798
Into Autrian service: 1799
Oberstleutnant: 02.1799
Oberst: (~05).05.1800
Generalmajor: 06.02.1802 (w.r.f. 01.02.1802)
Into Russian service: 1802
Major General: 24.[12.]04.1802
Into Austrian service: 1809
Feldmarschalleutnant: 24.05.1809
Quit: 03.1812
Into Russian service: 1812
Lieutenant General: 28.[16.]09.1812
General of Cavalry: 20.[08.]10.1813

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 17.04.1811

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Russia:
Order of St. Alexander Nevskij: 03.12.[21.11.]1812
Order of St. George 3rd cl.: 20.[08.]05.1806 / 2nd cl.: 16.[04.]02.1813
Order of St. Vladimir 3rd cl.: 1805/06 / 2nd cl.: 03.05.[21.04.]1813 / 1st cl.: 24.[12.]02.1814
Order of St. Anne 3rd cl.: 26.[15.]05.1798
Order of St. John of Jerusalem
Sardinia-Piedmont:
Order of St. Maurice and St. Lazarus
Sweden:
Military Order of the Sword

Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)

Ferdinand Karl Friedrich Wilhelm Freiherr von Wintzingerode-Ohmfeld was born on 15 February 1770, in Allendorf, Hessen-Kassel. From 1778 to 1785, he was in the Hessian Cadet Corps; he then served in the Hessian guards. In 1790 he served in the Austrian army in Flanders and during the First Revolutionary War on the upper Rhine, 1792-1793 in Hessen service and from 1795 to 1796 again in Austrian service.
On 19 June 1797, he transferred into the Russian army as major in the Military Order Cuirassiers. In early 1798, he became Lieutanant Colonel in the Izmailovski Guards and ADC to Grand Prince Constantine. On 14 February 1799, he came back into Austrian service to take command of light Dragoon Regiment "Erzherzog Ferdinand" N°2. He returned to Russian service in November 1801 and became an officer on the general staff. On 24 April 1802, he was promoted to major general; in 1803, Wintzingerode was briefly Chef of the Odessa Hussars. In 1805, he was sent to Berlin, to help coordinate allied plans against France. In the Austerlitz campaign, he served with distinction at Dürnstein on 11 November, where he won the Russian Order of St. George III cl, which was awarded on 20 May 1806. At Schöngraben, on 16 November, he and Prince Bagration tricked Marshal Murat into believing that a truce had been signed, thus winning 24 hours to save the Russian army. After the defeat of Austerlitz, however, he was held responsible for the disaster; he left Russian service in January 1807, to return to the Austrian army. At Aspern 1809, he commanded an infantry brigade in Fresnel's division of Bellegarde's I Corps and was badly wounded in that battle. On 24 May 1809, he was promoted to Feldmarschalleutnant, but did not serve at Wagram; he quit the Austrian army again in March 1812 and transferred back into Russian service as major general. During that campaign, he led a partisan group around Smolensk, for which he was promoted to Lieutenant General (on 16 September) and was awarded the Order of St. Alexander Nevskij on 21 November. At this time he entered the Kremlin, to negotiate with Napoleon to stop the destruction of the place. Napoleon had him arrested as a Hessian traitor and taken off in the column of the retreating army. Wintzingerode was rescued by Cossacks between Minsk and Wilna and was given command of a corps, pursuing the French. In 1813 he fought at Kalisch (Order of St. George II cl), Lützen (Order of St Vladimir II cl), Gross-Beeren, Dennewitz and Leipzig, for which he was promoted to general of cavalry on 20 October.
In 1814, he commanded a corps and fought at Soissons (Order of St Vladimir I cl)), Craonne, Leon and St Dizier. In 1815, he commanded the II Cavalry Corps, which he led back to France. On 28 April 1816, he took command of II Corps and later, July 1817, the Independent Lithuanian Corps. In 1818, he went to Wiebaden to take the waters for his health, but died there on 17 June 1818.

Printed Sources

ADB 43 p.503ff. | Berg, Gregor von: Leben von Gregor von Berg, Russisch-Kaiserlicher ... General der Infanterie, 2 vols, Dresden 1871 | Hirtenfeld 2, p.910ff. (wrong: b. Kirchohmfeld, 1769) | Hoen, 1809/IV, p.802, note 1 | MD 6, p.12 | Mikaberidze, p.444f. | MilSchem | Nikolaj Michailovič, Grand Duke of Russia (ed.): Portraits russes du 18. et 19. siecles, vol 2, N°197, St. Petersburg 1906 | ÖMZ, year 1842, vol 1, p.161ff.: Gustav Graf Enzenberg: Des Generallieutenants Baron Winzingerode Gefangennehmung 1812 in Moskau, und dessen Befreiung durch die Kosaken. Nach einem französischen Manuskripte des General Leon von Narischkin | Wintzingerode, Wilhelm-Clothar von: General der Kavallerie Ferdinand Freiherr von Wintzingerode. Ein Lebensbild aus den napoleonischen Kriegen, Arolsen 1902 | Wurzbach 57, p.102ff. (wrong: b. Kirchohmfeld, 24.05.1770) | WZ, 02.05.1812

Internet Sources

Bezotosnyj, B.M. – Podmazo, Aleksandr: Vincengerode Ferdinand Fedorovič [http://www.museum.ru/museum/1812/Persons/slovar/sl_v13.html].- Download: 28.06.2004
Jewison/Steiner
Podmazo, Aleksandr: Vincengerode Ferdinand Fedorovič. [http://www.museum.ru/museum/1812/Persons/russ/ra_v13.html].- Download: 28.06.2004
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
Vederman


 
 W41 Wodniansky von Wildenfeld, Johann Joseph Freiherr

Personal Information
Born: Prague (Praha) / Bohemia, 1753
Died: Ofen (Pest) / Hungary, 09.02.1819

Promotions

Major: 07.09.1788
Oberstleutnant: 23.09.1796
Oberst: 02.02.1800
Generalmajor: 01.09.1805 (w.r.f. 31.03.1805)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 30.03.1813

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Fortress Commandant of Ofen: 1816 – 09.02.1819

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 19.12.1790
I.R. Chamberlain

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

Dedekind, DR11, pp.225, 295, 323, 664, 808 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.298 | MilSchem | Wurzbach 57, p.203f. | WZ, 08.06.1813
Internet Sources
Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 W42 Wölffing, Ludwig Burkhard von
Wölffing, Ludwig Burkhard Edler von
Wölffing, Ludwig Burkhard Freiherr von

Personal Information
Born: around 1720
Died: Vienna, 18.10.1796

Name Variants

also: Wölfling

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 27.07.1787 (w.r.f. 24.07.1787)

Elevation of Social Status

plain nobility (with predicate "Edler von"): 16.08.1763
Freiherr: ?

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Decoration of the Elisabeth Theresian Military Foundation: 1796

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Auer, N°356 | Frank 5, p.234 | Kneschke 9, p.595f. | MilSchem

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 W43 Wöllwarth, Wilhelm August Friedrich Freiherr von

Personal Information
Born: Essingen / Dalberg (Imperial Knightage), 12.08.1763
Died: Stuttgart / Württemberg, 20.06.1839

Promotions

Major: 24.08.1796
Oberstleutnant: 1799
Oberst: 1800
Generalmajor: 01.01.1807 (w.r.f. 04.05.1805)
Quit: 1807
Into Württemberg service: 11.01.1808
Generalmajor: 11.01.1808
Generalleutnant: 21.08.1808
Retired: 13.11.1816

Order of Chivalry

Knight of the Teutonic Order: 1798
Commander of Weddingen: ~ 1802

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

France:
Order of the Légion d'Honneur – OC: 1809 (?)
Württemberg:
Order of Military Merit – CC: 22.05.1809
Order of Civil Merit – GC

Archive Sources

State Archives Ludwigsburg: Archive of the Freiherren von Woellwarth zu Essingen, PL 9/3 Bü 1613

Printed Sources

Dedekind, DR11, p.809 | MilSchem (last entry: year 1807) | Schröder, Bernd Philipp: Die Generalität der deutschen Mittelstaaten 1815-1870, vol 2, p.1307 | Wrede, DR6, pp.675, 928f. | WZ, 26.09.1807

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
Uythoven, Geert van: Wurttemberg Officers [http://members.home.nl/uythoven/Wurttemberg/Wurttemberg%20officers.htm].- Download: 13.10.2008


 
 W44 Woestenraedt, Karl Alexander Joseph Graf von

Personal Information
Born: 02.09.1754
Died: Krakau (Kraków) / Galicia, 06.06.1809

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 01.09.1805 (w.r.f. 04.04.1805)

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Grand Master of the Household to Archduke Ferdinand Carl: 1805/06-1808/09

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

MilSchem

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 W45 Woestenraedt, Philipp Joseph Graf von

Personal Information
Born: 01.06.(07.?)1711
Died: 04.05.1797

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 24.10.1751

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)



Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

MilSchem ("Westenrode")

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 W46 Wolf, Georg

Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: 17.04.1817
 

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 17.03.1797 (w.r.f. 30.04.1797)

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Fortress Commandant of Brod: ~1799 – 19.02.1809

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)



Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Angeli, Carl 4, p.12 | MilSchem

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 W47 Wolf, Simon von

Personal Information
Born: 1730
Died: Graz / Styria, 13.02.1808

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst: 04.11.17881
Generalmajor: 26.09.1795 (w.r.f. 03.11.1791)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 02.09.1799 (w.r.f. 27.08.1799)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)



Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

May, IR35, pp.98, 111 (wrong: GM in 08.1795) | MilSchem | Rainer, IR35, pp.746, 816, 819 | WZ, 09.03.1808

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Rainer, IR35, p.816: 03.11.1788 (?) / contrary to p.819: 11.11.1788 (?)


 
 W48 Wolf de la Marselle, Ludwig Dominik

Personal Information
Born: Mons (Bergen) / Austrian Netherlands, 13.03.1747
Died: Mons (Bergen) / France, 15.10.18041

Name Variants

(French) Louis-Dominique-Joseph-Régis de Wolf de la Marselle

Promotions

Major: 1788
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst: 04.1796
Generalmajor: 02.10.1799 (w.r.f. 06.11.1799)
Retired: 05.1801

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 18.08.1801

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Guillaume, p.176f., 316 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.592ff. (wrong: d. 11.10.1804) | MilSchem | Wurzbach 58, p.4ff. (wrong: d. 11.10.1804)

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Schmidt-Brentano: 14.10.1804 (?)


 
 W49 Wolf, Johann
Wolf von Steineck, Johann

Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: Vienna, 21.09.1825

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 09.09.1814 (?)
Retired: 29.05.1816

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Commander of the Military Transport Corps: 07.1808 – 05.1816

Elevation of Social Status

plain nobility: 20.12.1810 (with predicate: "von Steineck")

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Frank-Döfering, 4703 | MilSchem | Nekrolog 1825/2, p.420 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, p.26

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 W50 Wolfskehl zu Reichenberg, Christian Freiherr von

Personal Information
Born: Würzburg / Würzburg (prince-bishopric), 1761
Died: KIA Ponte della Priula at the Piave / Venetia, 08.05.1809

Family Status

Married: 1806 Maria Martha Eveline Ley, widowed von Stahel (1766-1807)

Promotions

Major: 09.1791
Oberstleutnant: 12.1796
Oberst: 05.1797
Generalmajor: 29.10.1800 (w.r.f. 09.12.1800)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 12.02.1809

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 18.08.1801

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)

Born in Würzburg in 1761 Christian Freiherr von Wolfskehl zu Reichenberg entered Austrian military service in the War of the Bavarian Succession in 1778 as Unterleutnant in the Dragoon Regiment "Levenehr" N°19. During the Turkish wars of 1788/89 he was a Rittmeister in the Cuirassier Regiment " Wallisch" N°21 and in 1791 he was Platzmajor in Vienna. In February 1794 Wolfskehl transferred to Cuirassier Regiment "Lothringen" N°7. On 7 September 1796 he was ordered to go to the aid of a small Austrian detachment of FZM Graf Baillet de Latour in the Scharnitz Pass, on the Austro-Bavarian border, between Mittenwald and Innsbruck. With 4 squadrons of his own regiment, 2 squadrons of Slavonian Grenz Hussars and 2 guns, he advanced to Starnberg, on the northern tip of Lake Starnberg, just southwest of Munich, in order to focus the enemy's attention upon himself. The enemy took the bait and turned northwest towards him. Wolfskehl had really done his job, but he now heard that there was an isolated French convoy at Dachau, just northwest of Munich. He decided to raid it and set off at once. His victory was complete; he captured some 300 men as well as some guns, waggons, supplies and ammunition. On 21 September of that year, he defeated a French force under GdD Pierre-Marie-Bartholomé Ferino of the Armée du Rhin-et-Moselle, of three brigades, far stronger than his own command, at Dortweil and took 650 prisoners. He was saved by the timely arrival of FML Baron Fröhlich's Avantgarde. For this he was promoted Oberstleutnant in the Stabsdragoner Regiment in December 1796 and awarded the Knight's Cross of the Military Maria Theresian Order on 18 August 1801. On 4 and 5 January 1797, baron Wolfskehl fought at the Austrian defeat at Rivoli; in the subsequent retreat, north, out of South Tyrol, he was in the rearguard. On 20 March 1797, he defeated the French under GdD Jourdan, at Salurn. In May 1797 he was promoted Oberst and given command of Cuirassier Regiment "Sachsen-Teschen" N°3. On 3 December 1799 he assaulted the French lines besieging Philippsburg on the upper Rhine, at Wiesloch. On 29 October 1800 he was promoted Generalmajor and commanded a cavalry brigade in Gyulai's division of the Left Wing in the battle of Hohenlinden on 3 December, fighting against GdD Antoine Richepanse's division at Maitenbeth. He was also distinguished in the subsequent cambats on 12-14 December near Salzburg, where his defence of Anthing village against GdD Decaen won high praise.
In the 1805 campaign GM Wolfskehl served in FML Jellačić's division in Voralberg. He – and the rest of the cavalry – escaped the capitulation of the infantry of the division at Dornbirn on 13 November 1805, to Marshal Augereau. After his promotion to Feldmarschalleutnant on 12 Febrary 1809 Wolfskehl served in northern Italy, where he commanded the Reserve Division (heavy cavalry and grenadiers) of the Army of Italy. On 16 April he commanded the entire Austrian cavalry in the battle of Sacile. He was killed on 8 May, at Ponte della Priula on the Piave River, leading a desperate charge against heavy odds.

Printed Sources

Allmayer-Beck, p.77 (d. at San Salvadore ?) | Hirtenfeld 1, p.609ff. | MilSchem | ÖFA 3, p.120 | Pizzighelli, DR3, pp.94, 113 | Victorin, DR7, pp.216, 405f. | Wurzbach 58, p.38ff.

Internet Sources

Ebert [http://www.napoleon-online.de/AU_Generale/html/wolfskehl.html]
Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 W51 Wolkenstein zu Rodenegg, Theodor Graf von

Personal Information
Born: around 1745
Died: KIA Hechtsheim near Mainz, 29.10.1795

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 16.01.1790 (w.r.f. 07.01.1790)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

I.R. Chamberlain

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Allmayer-Beck, p.74 | MilSchem | Schaab, Karl Anton: Die Geschichte der Bundes-Festung Mainz, historisch und militärisch nach den Quellen bearbeitet, Mainz 1834, p.437 | Wurzbach 58, p.69 (w/o date of birth)

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 W52 Wratislaw von Mittrowitz, Emanuel Karl Borromäus Franz Graf

Personal Information
Born: 26.02.1760
Died: Vienna, 13.11.1840

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 29.10.1798 (w.r.f. 28.10.1798)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 06.05.1814

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Captain of the Bohemian Noble Life Guard: 08.1813 – 27.06.1814

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Decoration of the Elisabeth Theresian Military Foundation: 1799
Bohemian Noble Cross ?
I.R. Chamberlain

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

Auer, N°360 | MD 6, p.20 | MilSchem | Wrede (6), p.79 | Wurzbach 58, genealogical table II (ad p.152) | WZ, 25.07.1814 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, p.46

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 W53 Wratislaw von Mittrowitz, Prokop Franz Ignaz Graf

Personal Information
Born: 27.06.1737
Died: 17.04.1813

Promotions

Major: –
Oberstleutnant: 1767
Oberst: 1773
Generalmajor: 13.03.1782 (w.r.f. 11.03.1782)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

MilSchem | Wurzbach 58, genealogical table II (ad p.152) | Wrede, DR6, pp.263, 647 | WZ, 08.06.1813

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 W54 Wrede, Georg Johann Nepomuk Maria Freiherr von

Personal Information
Born: Heidelberg / Palatinate, 04.12.17651
Died: Ofen (Buda) / Hungary, 03.04.1843

Family Status

Married: 1808 Julie Zarka de Lukafalva (1781-1847)

Promotions

Major: 1801
Oberstleutnant: 1805
Oberst: 18072
Generalmajor: 17.06.1809
Feldmarschalleutnant: 28.02.1821
Retired: 23.02.1828

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

France:
Order of the Légion d'Honneur – OC: 1819

Printed Sources

MD 6, p.21 | MilSchem | Wurzbach 58, p.198 (w/o dates of life) | WZ, 09.03.1808, 25.11.1809

Internet Sources

Marek [http://www.genealogy.euweb.cz/other/wrede.html]
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Marek: 08.12.1765 (?)
2) WZ, 09.03.1808: 02./03.1808 (?)


 
 W55 Württemberg, Alexander Friedrich Karl Herzog von

Personal Information
Born: Mömpelgard (Montbéliard) / Württemberg, 24.04.1771
Died: Gotha / Saxony-Gotha, 04.07.1833

Family Status

Brother of W56
Uncle of W57
Married: 1789 Antonia Ernestine Prinzessin von Sachsen-Coburg-Saalfeld (1779-1824)

Promotions

Russia:
Brigadier: 29.07.1782
Naples-Sicily:
Major General: 1791
Into Austrian service: 1793
Oberst: 1793
Generalmajor: 17.03.1796 (w.r.f. 15.05.1796)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 26.08.1798 (w.r.f. 19.08.1798)
General der Kavallerie: 25.06.1800 (w.r.f. 24.06.1800)
Into Russian service: 1800
Lieutenant General: 1800
General of Cavalry: 26.[14.]08.1800

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Bavaria:
Military Order of Maximilian Joseph – ?C
Prussia:
Order of the Black Eagle
Order of the Red Eagle 1st cl.
Russia:
Order of St. Andrew (w.d.): 09.07.[28.06.]1798
Order of St. Alexander Nevskij: 09.07.[28.06.]1798
Order of St. George 3rd cl. 04.01.1813 [23.12.1812] or 24.12.[12.02.]1813 / 2nd cl.: 31.08.[19.08.]1813
Order of St. Vladimir 1st cl.: 09.03.[25.02.]1813
Order of St. Anna-Orden 1st cl.: 09.07.[28.06.]1798
Order of St. John of Jerusalem – GC: 18.06.[07.06.]1799
Military Service Decoration (XXV): 1828
Württemberg:
Order of the Golden Eagle / Order of the Crown of Württemberg: before 1796 (GC after 1818)
Order of Military Merit: before 1796 (GC after 1818)

Printed Sources

Lorenz, Sönke – Mertens, Dieter – Press, Volker (Ed.): Das Haus Würtemberg, Stuttgart-Berlin-Cologne, 6.4.1 | MilSchem | Wurzbach 58, p.237

Internet Sources

Malyškin, C.A. – Podmazo, Aleksandr: Vjurtemberskij Aleksandr Fridrich [http://www.museum.ru/museum/1812/Persons/slovar/sl_v33.html].- Download: 28.06.2004
Marek [http://genealogy.euweb.cz/wurttemb/wurtt4.html]
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
Theroff [http://pages.prodigy.net/ptheroff/gotha/wurttemberg.html]
Podmazo, Aleksandr: Vjurtemberskij Aleksandr Fridrich [http://www.museum.ru/museum/1812/Persons/russ/ra_v33.html].- Download: 28.06.2004


 
 W56 Württemberg, Ferdinand Friedrich August Herzog von

Personal Information
Born: Treptow an der Rega / Pomerania, 22.10.1763
Died: Wiesbaden / Nassau, 20.01.1834

Family Status

Brother of W55
Uncle of W57
Married (1): 1795 Albertine Wilhelmine Prinzessin von Schwarzburg-Sondershausen (1771-1829), div. 1801
Married (2): 1817 Pauline Prinzessin von Metternich-Winneburg (1771-1855)

Promotions

Major: –
Oberstleutnant: 01.1781
Oberst: 02.1784
Generalmajor: 14.04.1788 (w.r.f. 09.04.1788)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 20.08.1790
Feldzeugmeister: 17.03.1796 (w.r.f. 06.11.1795)
Feldmarschall: 24.02.1805 (w.r.f. 01.04.1805)
Holy Roman Empire:
Reichs-Generalfeldmarschalleutnant: 08.04.17931

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Commanding General in Inner Austria and the Tyrol: 03.1797 – 09.1800
Commanding General in Upper and Lower Austria and (since 1797) in Salzburg: 05.09.1800 – 17.12.1806
Commanding General in Upper and Lower Austria: 17.12.1810 – 14.09.1814
Military Governor in Upper and Lower Austria: 14.09.1814 – 05.1815
Military und Civil Governor in Galicia: 26.05.1815 – 22.05.18162
General Governor in Upper and Lower Austria: 22.05.1816 – 16.10.1820
Fortress Governor of Mainz: 10.1829 – 20.01.1834

Field Service (1792-1815)

Commander of the Allied forces during the siege of Condé: 08.04. – 12.07.1793 (+)
Commander of the Austrian forces at the battle of Altenkirchen: 04.06.1796 (–)
Commander of the (autonomous) Reserve Corps: 11.1805
Commander of the 1st Reserve Corps: 09.1813 – 01.1814

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – CC: 23.07.1793 / GC: 07.07.1794
Order of St. Stephen – GC (w.d.): 1831
Order of Leopold – GC: 1809/10
Golden Civil Honour Cross 1813/14: 26.05.1815
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°38: 1785-1809 (disbanded)
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°40: 1809 – 20.01.1834

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Hessen-Darmstadt:
Order of Ludwig – GC: 1831
Prussia:
Order of the Black Eagle: 1831
Württemberg:
Order of the Golden Eagle: before 1796 (GC after 1818)
Order of Military Merit: before 1796 (GC after 1818)

Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)

Ferdinand Friedrich August Herzog von Württemberg was born on 22 October 1763 in Treptow on the Rega River in Pomerania, as 5th son of the ruling Duke (and later king) Friedrich Eugen of Württemberg. He was given a military education and in 1781, Emperor Joseph II appointed him Oberstleutnant in Infantry Regiment "Riese" N°26. Only one year after his promotion to Oberst (1784) he was appointed Colonel-Proprietor of Infantry Regiment N°38, which was disbanded in 1809. On 14 April 1788, the prince was promoted to Generalmajor and served at the siege of Belgrade. After two years Prince Württemberg received his promotion to Feldmarschalleutnant (20 August 1790). On 18 March 1793, he was second in command to FZM Ferraris the 1st Rank of Sachsen-Coburg's force at the Austrian victory in the battle of Neerwinden. In quick succession he was awarded the Commander's Cross (1793) and the Grand Cross (1794) of the Military Maria Theresian Order. On 17 March 1796 the prince received his promotion to Feldzeugmeister.
The same year Prince Württemberg served in Erzherzog Carl's Army of the Lower Rhine; on 4 June, he was utterly defeated in the battle of Altenkirchen by Lefebvre's advance guard. He was removed from his command by Erzherzog Carl and replaced by FZM Graf von Wartensleben. From this point on, he became one of the archduke's sharpest critics. On 24 February 1805, he was promoted to Feldmarschall. He died on 20 January 1834 in Wiesbaden.

Printed Sources

ADB 44, p.349ff. | Bodart, p.275, 308 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.399ff. | Lorenz, Sönke – Mertens, Dieter – Press, Volker (Ed.): Das Haus Würtemberg, Stuttgart-Berlin-Cologne, 6.0.10 | MilSchem | Neuhaus, p.345 | Wrede 1, p.402 | Wrede 2, p.237 | Wurzbach 58, p.248ff. (wrong: FM on 24.11.1805) | WZ, 30.09.1814, 28.05.1815, 09.06.1816 | Zivkovic, Generalität, pp.13, 37 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, pp.49, 54, 71, 129, 132

Internet Sources

Ebert [http://www.napoleon-online.de/AU_Generale/html/wuerttemberg.html]
Jewison/Steiner
Marek [http://genealogy.euweb.cz/wurttemb/wurtt4.html]
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
Theroff [http://pages.prodigy.net/ptheroff/gotha/wurttemberg.html]

Notes

1) Date of the Imperial decree of commission
2) Did not assume the office


 
 W57 Württemberg, Friedrich Wilhelm Erbprinz von
Württemberg, Friedrich Wilhelm Kurprinz von
Württemberg, Friedrich Wilhelm Kronprinz von
Württemberg, Wilhelm I. König von

Personal Information
Born: Lüben / Silesia, 27.09.1781
Died: Rosenstein Castle near Stuttgart / Württemberg, 25.06.1864

Family Status

Nephew of W55 and W56
Married (1): 1808 Karolina Augusta Prinzessin von Bayern (1792-1873), div. 1814
Married (2): 1816 Katharina Großfürstin von Rußland (1788-1819)
Married (3): 1820 Pauline Herzogin von Württemberg (1800-1873)

Promotions

Major: –
Oberstleutnant: –
Oberst: E 17941
Generalmajor: 26.04.1803
Quit: 03.1805
Württemberg:
General: 1809
Feldmarschall: 08.02.1814

Field Service (1792-1815)

Commander of the (autonomous) Corps at the Lower Rhine: 04.-06.1796
Commander of the Allied forces at the battle of Montereau: 18.02.1814 (–)
Commander of the Allied forces at the battle of Fère-Champenoise: 25.03.1814 (+)
Commander of the Allied forces at the battle of Straßburg (at the Suffel): 28.06.1815 (+)
Commander of the Allied forces at the battle of Hausbergen: 09.07.1815 (+)

Elevation of Social Status

Württemberg:
Kurprinz von Württemberg: 25.02.1803
Kronprinz von Württemberg: 26.12.1805
König (Wilhelm I.) von Württemberg: 30.10.1816

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 1813/14 / CC: 04.02.1814
(Order of Leopold – GC ?)
(Order of the Iron Crown – GC ?)
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°41: 1803-1805
Colonel-Proprietor of the Hussar Regiment N°6: 1814 – 25.06.1864

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Great Britain:
Order of the Garter: 26.07.1830
(Order of the Bath – GC: 1815 ?)
Netherlands:
Military Order of William – GC: 27.08.1815
Prussia:
Order of the Iron Cross: 27.02.1814
Russia:
Order of St. Andrew: before 1796
Order of St. Alexander Nevskij: before 1796
Order of St. George 2nd cl.: 31.[19.]05.1814
Order of St. John of Jerusalem (?) – ?C: before 1796
Württemberg:
Order of the Goldenen Eagle: before 1796 – Grand Master: 30.10.1816
Order of Military Merit: before 1796 – Grand Master: 30.10.1816

Printed Sources

ADB 43, p.209ff. | Bodart, pp.473, 479, 488, 489 | Grauer, Karl Johannes: Wilhelm I., König von Württemberg. Ein Bild seines Lebens und seiner Zeit, Stuttgart 1960 | Hirtenfeld 2, p.1166ff. | Lorenz, Sönke – Mertens, Dieter – Press, Volker (Ed.): Das Haus Würtemberg, Stuttgart-Berlin-Cologne, 6.0.19 | MilSchem | Sauer, Paul: Reformer auf dem Königsthron. Wilhelm I. von Württemberg, Stuttgart 1997 | Strauß, David Friedrich: König Wilhelm Würtemberg [sic]. In: Gesammelte Schriften. Nach des Verfassers letztwilligen Bestimmungen zusammengestellt. Eingeleitet und mit erklärenden Nachweisungen versehen von Eduard Zeller, vol 1, Bonn 1876, p.217ff. | Townsend, p.175 | Wrede 1, p.408 | Wrede 3, p.201 | Wurzbach 58, p.246 | WZ, 12.02.1814 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, p.128

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Marek [http://genealogy.euweb.cz/wurttemb/wurtt4.html]
Rayment
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
Theroff [http://pages.prodigy.net/ptheroff/gotha/wurttemberg.html]
Uythoven
Vederman

Notes

1) Colonel of the Swabian Circle of the Holy Roman Empire


 
 W58 Wu(e)lffen, Karl Friedrich Freiherr von

Personal Information
Born: around 1727
Died: Vienna, 21.02.1809

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 10.04.1783 (w.r.f. 19.04.1783)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

MilSchem

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 W59 Wurmser, Dagobert Sigmund Graf von

Personal Information
Born: Schlettstadt or Straßburg / Alsace, 22.09.(07.05.?)1724
Died: Vienna, 21.08.1797

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 12.01.1763
Feldmarschalleutnant: 10.04.1778 (w.r.f. 10.01.1768)
General der Kavallerie: 08.09.1787 (w.r.f. 02.09.1787)
Feldmarschall: 11.12.1795

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Commanding General in Galicia / (since 1796:) East Galicia: 09.1790 – 01.1797

Field Service (1792-1815)

Commander of the Army of the Rhine: 02.1793 – 01.1794
Commander of the Austrian forces at the battle of Weissenburg: 13.10.1793 (+)
Commander of the Austrian contingent at the battle of Weissenburg (Geisberg): 26.12.1793 (–)
Commander of the Army of the Upper Rhine: 08.1795 – 06.1796
Commander of the Austrian forces at the battle of Mannheim: 18.10.1795 (+)
Commander of the Austrian forces during the siege of Mannheim: 19.10. – 22.11.1795 (+)
Commander of the Army of Italy: 06.1796 – 09.1796
Commander of the Austrian forces at the battle of Rivoli (at the Monte Baldo): 29.07.1796 (+)
Commander of the Austrian forces at the battle of Castiglione delle Stiviere: 05.08.1796 (–)
Commander of the Austrian forces at the battle of Bassano: 08.09.1796 (–)
Commander of the Austrian forces at the battle of Cerea: 11.09.1796 (+)
Commander of the Austrian forces at the battle of San Giorgio: 15.09.1796 (–)
Commander of the Austrian forces at the battle of Mantua (La Favorita): 16.01.1797 (–)
Commander of the Austrian forces during the defence of Mantua: 27.08.1796 – 02.02.1797 (–)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – CC: 21.10.1778 / GC: 25.10.1793
Colonel-Proprietor of the Hussar Regiment N°?: 1773 – 1775 (disbanded)
Colonel-Proprietor of the Hussar Regiment N°30 / (since 1798:) N°8: 1775 – 21.(22.)08.1797
I.R. Privy Councillor
I.R. Chamberlain

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Biographical Essay (by Digby Smith)

Dagobert Sigismund Graf von Wurmser was born on 7 May 1724 from an old Alsatian family. Originally he served in the French army prior to the Seven Years War. When his father left Alsace, he transferred to Austrian service. During the Seven Years War he became very distinguished as a dashing commander of hussars and light troops on outpost duties. In 1775 he was made Colonel-Proprietor of Hussar Regiment N°8, a post he held until his death. He was again distinguished in the War of the Bavarian Succession.
At the beginning of the French Revolutionary Wars Wurmser hold the rank of General der Kavallerie and in commanded the Austrian forces on the upper Rhine (1793). In this year, he drove the French out of Alsace and on 13 October, he led the assault which broke through the Weissenburg lines, which were held by the Armée du Rhin. This army was then reinforced by the Armée de la Moselle in early November, and from 17 November – 19 December, they assaulted Wurmser's men and finally forced them back over the Rhine. The Prussian corps of the Herzog von Braunschweig failed to support Wurmser's overstretched troops in time.
In 1795 he served under Clerfayt on the middle Rhine; fought in the victorous clash of Mannheim on 18 October, and in the successful siege of that place, which fell on 22 November. For this he was promoted Feldmarschall.
In 1796 he was on the upper Rhine initially, but in June he was nominated to go to Italy to take command of the defeated and demoralised army there from Melas. He took with him 25,000 men of the Army of the Upper Rhine. With other reinforcements from Austria, he had 50,000 troops available for the tasks of relieving Mantua and regaining control of northern Italy. Wurmser also took his CoS, Oberst Weyrother, who planned the fist relief attempt for Mantua, which had the Austrian army advance down both sides of Lake Garda. Wurmser commanded the main column of 32,000 who advanced down the River Etsch, east of the lake. Quosdanovich led 18,000 men down the western side of the lake. His main force was split into five separate columns and could have been defeated in detail had the French main army found it. As luck would have it, only Massena's division of 10,000 men was in its way at Rivoli. On 29 July the Austrian main column attacked Massena who fell back to Pievetano after losing 2,800 men and 9 guns. That same day, Quosdanovich attacked GdD Sauret at Salo; Sauret fell back to Desenzano. GdB Guyeux was cut off with a battalion, but held out and was rescued a little later. Quosdanovich sent Klenau to Brescia where he captured four companies of infantry, a squadron of cavalry and several generals. Napoleon reacted swiftly; on 30 July he decided to abandon the siege of Mantua (accepting the loss of his siege train of 120 motley guns) and concentrated his army to meet this threat.
Quosdanovich's weaker column was his first target; firstly because of its size, secondly, it was a great threat to Napoleon's rear areas. While Napoleon was defeating his minor column, Wurmser entered Mantua on 1 August. He apparently believed that the French army was beating a hasty retreat, due to the abandonment of the siege train and the withdrawal of Serrurier's division. He thus rested on his laurels until the evening of 2 August when he was shattered to hear of Quosdanovich's defeat and that Napoleon was between them.
That same day, Wurmser attacked the divisions of Massena and Augereau at Lonato and GdB Antoine-Joseph-Marie de Valette was thrown out of Castiglione in utter confusion. He was cashiered by Napoleon that same day. On 3 August, Wurmser and Quosdanovich tried to unite, but Napoleon's force was in between them; heavy fighting took place at Castiglione and Lonato and three Austrian battalions and three guns were surrounded in Castiglione and forced to surrender.
Quosdanovich was beaten back to Gavardo. Total Austrian loss this day was 3,000 men and 20 guns. On 4 August, Quosdanovich was pushed further away from Wurmser by Gen Guyeux and Prinz Reuss' Reserve division was separated from him at Rocco d'Anfo on Lake Idro to the northwest.
The French and Austrian accounts of these actions from 2 – 5 August are most unclear. Be that as it may, Wurmser's first attempt to relieve Mantua failed at Castiglione on 5 August. Here he was defeated by Napoleon and narrowly escaped capture in the battle. The divisions of Massena, Augereau, Kilmaine and Serrurier (the latter commanded by GdB Fiorelli) and totalling over 30,000 men, fought here this day. Wurmser's 15,500 were defeated with a loss of 2,000 killed and wounded, 1,000 prisoners and 20 guns. GM Liptay was wounded.
Wurmser was pushed back eastwards over the Mincio. He tried to fortify a camp at Pescheira but was thrown out on 6 August by Massena with the loss of 500 men and 10 guns. Wurmser fell back north up the Etsch to Ala where he established contact with Quosdanovich again. He had left some outposts to the south, including one at Rocco d'Anfo; these were taken on 11 and 12 August.
Wurmser then withdrew to Trient with an Avantgarde at Roveredo. He had failed to retake the Milan area but he had achieved his aim of relieving Mantua for a time and had cost Napoleon his siege train. His losses were not too disastrous. By the end of August, his army was back up to 45,000 men and the Aulic War Council ordered him to make a second attempt to relieve Mantua. But there was a catch; they replaced Weyrother as his CoS with the engineer General Lauer, who brought their plan of campaign with him. Wurmser was again to advance with his forces divided. Davidovich was to hold the Tyrol with 20,000 men; Wurmser with 26,000 men, was to advance down the River Brenta and seek combat. When the French turned on Wurmser, Davidovich was to come down the Etsch in their rear with "an appropriate force" to bring them to a battle, or at least keep them out of the Tyrol. This plan shows that the Aulic War Council had learned nothing from the first attempt. There was also the fact that Mantua could hold out for months yet and Wurmser had fewer troops than before. The best thing which Wurmser could do was to stay on the defensive in the mountains until events turned in his favour. But he had to obey and go over to the offensive again.
By some mischance, Napoleon came to know the Austrian plan and mounted a pre-emptive strike at Davidovich. On 4 September, Massena and Vaubois attacked him and drove him out of Roveredo with the loss of 3,000 men and 25 guns. On 5 September, Massena entered Trient and Davidovich was pushed north from the River Lavis to Neumarkt up the Etsch.
Wurmser was informed of these events as he was advancing down the Brenta valley on Bassano; he decided to continue in the hope of causing Napoleon to chase him down onto the Italian plains. Napoleon concurred, and sent Augereau's division from Trient down the Brenta towards Bassano. On 7 September, Augereau crushed three battalions of Grenzers (Wurmser's rearguard) at Primolano, causing 1,500 casualties and taking five guns.
Napoleon's speed was such that he caught up with Wurmser's main body at Bassano on 8 September and won a convincing victory. The Austrians lost 2,600 casualties, 30 guns and much of their baggage including two pontoon trains. Wurmser withdrew south down the left bank of the River Brenta via Fontaniva to Vicenza, but Quosdanovich's division was cut off and fell back east into the Friaul. Sebottendorf joined Wurmser in Vicenza on 8 September; Wurmser now had 16,000 men together. He decided to run for Mantua and next day picked up Meszaros' division at Montebello on the River Alpone. As soon as Napoleon heard this, he rushed after him, hoping to catch the Austrians in the open. He sent Augereau south to Padua to ensure that his prey did not double back into the Friaul. Massena chased after Wurmser at great speed, crossing the Etsch at Ronco on 10 September.
Wurmser crossed that river at Legnano, to the south of Ronco, on the same day. He left a rearguard brigade there and on 11 September, went on for Mantua. That day, GM Ott, commanding his Avantgarde, collided with Murat and Pigeon (Massena's Avantgarde) at Ceria, where, after a hard fight, the French were defeated with a loss of 1,200 men and 6 guns. Wurmser marched on through the night; next day he clashed with some of Sahuguet's men at Villa Impenta, brushed them aside and entered Mantua. His rearguard at Legnano capitulated to Augereau on 12 September.
Wurmser now commanded 25,000 infantry and 4,000 cavalry, and took post between the outworks of St. Giorgio and La Favorita with 16,000 of them. On 15 September, Massena came up and launched a surprise raid, which was beaten off. Wurmser then thought to advance and attack Napoleon's three divisions (Augereau-commanded by GdB Bon, Massena and Victor) but he was outnumbered 16,000 to 20,000 and forced back into the fortress with a loss of 2,500 men and 11 guns. The fine Austrian cavalry was now uselessly shut up in Mantua. Wurmser commanded Mantua fortress from then on through the loose blockade to its surrender on 2 February 1797. His motivation in making the dash to Mantua is unclear. In respect for the gallant defence, Napoleon allowed Wurmser, 700 men and six guns to march out to freedom. Despite his great age, he was 72, he was given another command in Hungary, but his health broke down and he died in Vienna in the summer of 1797. His long reputation for success was not eclipsed by the events of 1796.

Printed Sources

ADB 44, p.338ff. | Bodart, pp.281, 285, 305, 306, 310, 311, 313, 314, 318, 319 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.392ff. | Hollins, p.41f. | MD 6, p.23 | Megerle, p.324 | MilSchem | Reilly, Feldherren, p.415ff. | Vivenot, Alfred von: Thugut, Clerfayt und Wurmser. Original-Documente aus dem k.k. Haus-, Hof- und Staats-Archiv und dem k.k. Kriegs-Archiv in Wien vom Juli 1794 bis Februar 1797, Vienna 1969, p.XCIVff. and passim | Wrede 3, p.271 | Wrede (6), pp.29, 30 | Wurzbach 59, p.1ff. | WZ, 23.08.1797 | Zivkovic, Generalität, pp.13, 35 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, p.63

Internet Sources

Ebert [http://www.napoleon-online.de/AU_Generale/html/wurmser.html]
Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


Placed on the Napoleon Series: December 2008

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