Military Subjects: Organization, Strategy & Tactics



By Leopold Kudrna, with Biographical Essays by Digby Smith.




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Austrian Generals
1792-1815


Y/Z
 
York  to  Zucchi





 Y1 York and Albany, Prince of Great Britain, Frederick Augustus Duke of
 
Personal Information
Born: St. James’s Palace / London / England, 16.08.1763
Died: Rutland House / London / England, 05.01.1827

Family Status

Married: 1791 Friederike Charlotte Ulrike Prinzessin von Preußen (1767-1820)

Promotions

Great Britain:
Colonel: 01.11.1780
Major General: 20.11.1782
Lieutenant General: 27.10.1784
General: 12.04.1793
Field Marshal: 10.02.1795
Austria:
Feldmarschall: 06.11.1814

Field Service (1792-1815)

Commander of the allied forces at the battle of Linselles: 18.08.1793 (+)
Commander of the allied forces during the siege of Dünkirchen: 24.08. – 08.09.1793 (–)
Commander of the allied forces at the battle of Baisieux: 10.05.1794 (+)
Commander of the allied forces at the battle of Bergen: 19.09.1799 (–)
Commander of the allied forces at the battle of Egmond aan Zee: 02.10.1799 (+)
Commander of the allied forces at the battle of Castricum: 06.10.1799 (–)

Change of Social Status
/ Titels
Prince Bishop of Osnabrück: 27.02.1764 – 1802
1st Duke of Albany: 29.11.1784
1st Duke of York: 29.11.1784 
1st Earl of Ulster: 29.11.1784

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Military Maria Theresian Order – GC: 06.1814

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Great Britain & Foreign Countries)

France:
Order of the Holy Spirit
Great Britain:
Order of the Garter: 19.06.1771
Order of the Bath – KC: 30.12.1767 / GC: 02.01.1815
Hannover:
Guelphic Order – GC: 12.08.1815
Poland (Russia):
Order of the White Eagle
Prussia:
Order of the Red Eagle – ?cl.
Russia:
Order of St. Alexander Nevskij
Spain:
Order of Charles III.

Printed Sources

MilSchem | Zivkovic, Generalität, p.14 | Bodart, pp.277, 278, 288, 342, 345 | Hirtenfeld 2, p.1122 | Townsend, pp.127, 141, 176

Internet Sources

Darryl Lundy: The Peerage.com. A genealogical survey of the peerage of Britain as well as the royal families of Europe [http://www.thepeerage.com].- Download: 16.10.2008
Jewison/Steiner
Marek [http://genealogy.euweb.cz/welf/welf7.html]
Rayment
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
 
 
 
 
 Z1 Zach, Anton
Zach, Anton von
Zach, Anton Freiherr von
 
Personal Information
Born: Pest / Hungary, 14.06.17471
Died: Graz / Styria, 22.11.1826

Family Status

Brother-in-law of B55 (Binder von Degenschild)
Father-in-law of R30 (Richter von Binnenthal)
Married: 1779 Anna Freiin von Moltke (1759-1832)

Promotions

Major: E 1788
Oberstleutnant: E.1793
Oberst: 18.11.1795
Generalmajor: 09.06.1799
Feldmarschalleutnant: 01.09.1805 (w.r.f. 13.09.1805)
Retired: 08.02.1825 (01.03.1825)
Feldzeugmeister (title a.h.): 15.05.1825

Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Military Commander in Triest: 09.01.18062 – 05.1809
Fortress Vice Commandant of Olmütz: 20.10.1810 – 11.1812
Fortress Commandant of Olmütz: 11.1812 – 1815
Fortress Governor of Olmütz: 1815 – 01.03.1825

Field Service (1792-1815)

Chief of the Quartermaster General Staff of the Army of Italy: 08.04. 1796 – 06.1796
Chief of the Quartermaster General Staff of the Army of Italy: 01.1798 – 03.1799 / 07.1799 – 06.1800 / 09.1800 – 03.1801
Chief of the Quartermaster General Staff of the Army of Italy: 09.1805 – 01.1806

Elevation of Social Status

plain nobility (by elevation of his father): 08.10.1765
Freiherr: 04.02.18013

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 13.10.1799
Order of Leopold – CC: 07.01.1809
Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°15: 23.09.1807 – 22.11.1826
I.R. Privy Councillor

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)



Printed Sources

ADB 55, p.400f. | Gatti, IngAk, p.222f. | Hirtenfeld 1, p.553ff. | Hollins, p.55f. | MD 6, p.26 (wrong: b. 17.06.1747) | MilSchem | Nischer, Ernst: Österreichische Kartographen. Ihr Leben, Lehren und Wirken, Vienna 1925, p.109ff. | ÖMZ, year 1812, vol 4, issue 12, p.137 | ÖMZ, year 1829, vol 2, p.192ff.: Johann Baptist Schels: Nekrolog des kaiserlich-östreichischen Feldzeugmeisters Anton Freiherrn von Zach (wrong: Order of Leopold in 1808 / Cdr of Olmütz in 1813) | Regele, p.29f. | Wrede 1, p.218 | Wurzbach 59, p.69f. | WZ, 09.03.1808, 11.01.1809, 29.12.1812 | Zivkovic, Generalität, p.40 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, pp.76, 109, 110

Internet Sources

Ebert [http://www.napoleon-online.de/AU_Generale/html/zach.html] (wrong: FZM on 25.05.1825)
Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Schmidt-Brentano: auch 17.05.1744 (?)
2) Zivkovic, Heerführer: 03.1806 (?)
3) ÖMZ: 06.02.1801 (?)


 
 Z2 Zadubsky von Schönthal, Anton
 
Personal Information
Born: around 1715
Died: Wiener Neustadt / Lower Austria, 31.11.1795

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 10.04.1783 (w.r.f. 13.05.1783)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Decoration of the Elisabeth Theresian Military Foundation: 1783

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
Auer, N°362 | MilSchem

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale



 Z3 Zebro, Wenzel Karl
Zebro von Wachenburg, Wenzel Karl Ritter
Zebro von Wachenburg, Wenzel Karl Freiherr

Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: Innsbruck / Tyrol, 02.05.1805

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 25.05.1800 (w.r.f. 12.06.1800)

Elevation of Social Status
Ritter: 11.07.1793 (with predicate: "von Wachenburg")
Freiherr: 28.01.1802

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
Frank 5, p.263 | MilSchem

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale



 Z4 Zechmeister, Theophil Joseph von
Zechmeister von Rheinau, Theophil Joseph Freiherr
 
Personal Information
Born: Preßburg (Pozsony, Bratislava) / Hungary, 17651
Died: Vienna, 29.09.1819

Family Status

Married: 1797 Franziska von Turner

Promotions

Major: 1800
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst: 04./05.1808
Generalmajor: 02.09.1809

Elevation of Social Status

Freiherr: 02.06.18102 (with predicate: "von Rheinau")

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 11.05.1796
Order of Leopold – CC: 26./29.03.1814

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

Russia:
Order of St. Vladimir 3rd cl.: 1815
Sardinia-Piedmont:
Order of St. Maurice and St. Lazarus - GC: 1814/1815

Printed Sources

Doerr, p.281 | Frank 5, p.263 | Frank-Döfering, 4798 | Hirtenfeld 1, p.491ff. | Kneschke 9, p.624 | MilSchem | Wurzbach 59, p.246f. | WZ, 04.05.1808, 25.11.1809, 26.05.1815, 18.10.1815

Internet Sources

Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale

Notes

1) Kneschke: 1748 (?)
2) Kneschke: 01.01.1810 (?)


 
 Z5 Zedtwitz, Franz Julius Graf von
 
Personal Information
Born: around 1743
Died: Vienna, 14.04.1808

Promotions

Bavaria:
[rank ?]
Into Austrian service:
Feldmarschalleutnant: 08.05.1801 (w.r.f. 29.04.1801)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

Colonel-Proprietor of the Infantry Regiment N°25: 1st H 1808 – 14.04.1808

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

MilSchem | Wrede 1, p.292 | WZ, 23.01.1808, 04.05.1808

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 Z6 Zehentner, (Friedrich) Joseph Freiherr von
 
Personal Information
Born: 1729
Died: 20.04.1812

Promotions

Major: 1764
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst: 1774
Generalmajor: 10.04.1783 (w.r.f. 09.04.1783)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 16.01.1790 (w.r.f. 28.01.1790)
Into Neapolitan service: 1793
Posts and Offices (Army, Politics, Court)

Adjutant General to the Emperor: 1778

Chief of the Quartermaster General Staff: 08.1785 – 01.1790

Field Service (1788-1815)

Chief of the Quartermaster General Staff of the Main Army: 03.1788 – 01.1790

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

Gatti, IngAk, p.105 | MilSchem | Regele, p.25f. | Wrede (6), p.41 | WZ, 03.06.1812 | Zivkovic, Heerführer, p.108

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 Z7 Zeko, Michael von

Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: 05.12.1813

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 28.07.1807 (w.r.f. 14.06.1805)
Retired: 1810

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)


Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
MilSchem | WZ, 15.08.1807

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 Z8 Zeschwitz, Wolfgang Kaspar Freiherr von

Personal Information
Born: 31.10.1731
Died: Ödenburg (Sopron) / Hungary, 02.12.1802

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant: 1765 (1766 ?)
Oberst: 1768
Generalmajor: 25.04.1775 (w.r.f. 11.06.1771)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 09.09.1786 (w.r.f. 06.09.1786)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Colonel-Proprietor of the Cuirassier Regiment N°10 / (since 1798) N°5: 1781-1801/02 (disbanded)
2nd Colonel-Proprietor of the Cuirassier Regiment N°1: 1801 – 02.12.1802

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
MilSchem | Pizzighelli, DR3, pp.22, 28 | Tomaschek, DR8, p.241 (Obstlt in 1766 ?), 691 (Obstlt in 1765 ?) | Wrede 3, pp.128, 598

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 Z9 Zinn, Joseph von

Personal Information
Born: 17??
Died: Bösing (Pösing, Pezinok, Bazin) / Com. Preßburg (Pozsony) / Hungary, 25.08.1820

Promotions
Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 06.03.1800 (w.r.f. 05.03.1800)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)


Printed Sources
MilSchem

Internet Sources
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 Z10 Zoph, Johann
Zoph, Johann Freiherr von

Personal Information
Born: Theusing (Teussing, Toužim) / Bohemia, 1740
Died: Kaaden (Kadaň) / Bohemia, 26.05.1812

Promotions
Major: 1777
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 01.01.1794 (w.r.f. 31.10.1791)
Feldmarschalleutnant: 01.03.1797 (w.r.f. 02.01.1797)
Retired: 1801

Elevation of Social Status
Freiherr: 01.08.1800

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)
Military Maria Theresian Order – KC: 20.01.1797

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)
– (?)

Printed Sources
Hirtenfeld 1, p.510f. | MilSchem | Wurzbach 60, p.259f. | WZ, 20.06.1812

Internet Sources
Jewison/Steiner
Schmidt-Brentano, Generale


 
 Z11 Zschock, Otto Gottlieb Edler von
 
Personal Information
Born: 07.12.1734
Died: 13.09.18071

Promotions

Major:
Oberstleutnant:
Oberst:
Generalmajor: 08.02.1800 (w.r.f. 02.02.1800)
Retired: 1805

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)



Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

– (?)

Printed Sources

MilSchem

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale ("Freiherr" ?)

Notes

1) Schmidt-Brentano: 23.09.1807 (?)


 
 Z12 Zucchi, Karl Freiherr von
 
Personal Information
Born: Reggio / Reggio (duchy), 10.03.1777
Died: Turin (Torino) / Piedmont / Italy, 31.12.1863

Name Variants

(Italian) Carlo Barone di Zucchi

Promotions

Italy:
General of Brigade
General of Division: 1813
Into Austrian service: 02.07.1814
Feldmarschalleutnant: 02.07.1814
Retired: 30.06.1819
Cashiered: 12.07.1833

Elevation of Social Status

Italy (France):
Baron: 1809/10

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Austria)

– (?)

Orders, Awards, Honorary Appointments (Foreign Countries)

France:
Order of the Légion d'Honneur – OC
Italy (France):
Order of the Iron Crown – KC

Printed Sources

Luraghi, p.222, Anm.15 | MilSchem | Schmidt-Brentano, Admirale, p.15 | Wurzbach 60, p.295f. | WZ, 27.04.1814, 07.08.1814

Internet Sources

Schmidt-Brentano, Generale
Lista dei generali italiani (Wikipedia)



 


Placed on the Napoleon Series: December 2008

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