British Generals of the Napoleonic Wars  1793-1815

British Generals of the Napoleonic Wars† 1793-1815

By: Ron McGuigan

 

Introduction

The Duke of Wellington

The Duke of Wellington

The following are short, basic† introductory biographies of many of the British Generals who served during the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars 1793-1815. I have also included officers who never attained the rank of general officer† in the peninsula but were Placed upon the staff or held the chief command of their department. For those generals who served in Portugal, Spain and the South of France 1808-1814, I have divided their service there into two parts: "Portugal & Spain" which refers to the period† July 1808 to April 1809; while "Peninsular War" refers to the period when The Duke of Wellington was the Commander-in-Chief, April 1809 to April 1814. British Army officers seconded to and serving in the Portuguese Service will be included. I have not given the foreign orders awarded to these generals nor have I indicated those who received either the Army Gold Cross or the Army Gold Medal.†

Officers who were the sons of† Peers were styled Honourable in the army lists, etc. as an example, Honourable Edward Paget, the son of the Earl of Uxbridge.

Short forms used:

KG: Knight of the Most Noble Order of the Garter
KT: Knight of the Most Ancient and Most Noble Order of the Thistle
KP: Knight of the Most Illustrious Order of St. Patrick
KB: Knight of the Most Honourable Order of the Bath to 1815
GCB: Knight Grand Cross of the Most Honourable Order of the Bath from 1815
KCB: Knight Commander of the Most Honourable Order of the Bath from 1815
CB: Companion of the Most Honourable Order of the Bath from 1815
KSI: Knight of the Most Exulted Order of the† Star of India to 1866
GCMG: Knight Grand Cross of The Most Distinguished Order of St. Michael and St. George
GCH: Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Hanoverian Guelphic Order
KCH: Knight Commander of the Royal Hanoverian Guelphic Order
MP: Member of Parliament
KGL: The King's German Legion
EOPS: Employed on a Particular Service [attached to Portuguese Army]

I have not listed all of the battles which the generals were present at. For those who wish to pursue this see: Sir John Fortescueís †A History of the British Army, Sir Charles Omanís History of the Peninsular War and Wellington's Army 1808-1814, Michael Gloverís The Peninsular War 1807-1814, and Stuart Reidís Wellington's Army in the Peninsula 1809-1814.†

I would appreciate receiving any corrections to my errors and omissions or better additional information and will make updates as more information comes to light.

 

 

Placed on the Napoleon Series: May 2006 - October 2013; last updated February 2014

 

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