British Generals of the Napoleonic Wars 1793-1815
By: Ron McGuigan
Hope, John (17 August 1765 - 27 August
2nd son of 2nd Earl of Hopetoun. Older half-brother
of General Charles Hope and General Sir Alexander Hope.
His kinsman was Lieutenant General Sir John Hope
Cornet 10th Light Dragoons 1784, Lieutenant 100th
Foot* 1785, Half-pay, Lieutenant 27th Foot 1786, Captain 17th Light
Dragoons 1789, Major 1st Foot 1792, Major 25th Foot 1793, Lieutenant
Colonel 25th Foot 1793, Brevet Colonel 1796, Brigadier General on the
Staff 1800, Major General 1802, Lieutenant General 1808, General 1819.
* disbanded 1785.
Early service: Gibraltar 1792-1793, Adjutant General
in West Indies 1795-1797 as Brigadier General from 1796, Deputy
Adjutant General and Adjutant General Helder 1799 and wounded, Adjutant
General and brigade Egypt 1801-1802 and wounded, on Home Staff 1803-1805, Lieutenant
Governor Portsmouth 1805, second-in-command Sweden 1808.
Portugal & Spain: Commanded 2nd division in
Portugal 1808. Commanded division Spain 1808-1809 and succeeded to
command of the army
at Corunna and supervised its embarkation 1809.
Peninsular War: Nominally commanded 1st Division
October 1813 - April 1814 and actually commanded a Corps October 1813
- April 1814 and commanded at siege of Bayonne 1814. Wounded and captured
at Bayonne April 1814.
Other service: Commanded the Reserve Division on
Walcheren 1809. Commander-in-Chief Ireland 1812-1813.
MP 1790-1800. Lord Lieutenant of Linlithgow 1816-1823.
KB 1809. GCB 1815. Created Baron Niddry 1814. Succeeded as 4th
Earl of Hopetoun 1816. Colonel of North Lowland Fencible Infantry
1799-1802, 6th Battalion 60th Foot 1805-1806, 92nd Foot 1806-1820,
42nd Foot 1820-1823.
Placed on the Napoleon Series: May 2006; updated March 2012
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