British Generals of the Napoleonic Wars  1793-1815

British Generals of the Napoleonic Wars  1793-1815
Stewart, Charles William

By: Ron McGuigan

Stewart, Charles William (18 May 1778 - 6 March 1854)

2nd son of 1st Marquess of Londonderry. Younger half-brother to Robert Stewart, Lord Castlereagh [later 2nd Marquess of Londonderry] and older brother of Captain Thomas Stewart. He was a Great Grandfather of  Prime Minister Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill.

Ensign 121st Foot* 1794, Lieutenant 121st Foot* 1794, Captain 108th Foot+ 1794, Major 106th Foot+ 1795, Major 5th Dragoons^ 1796, Lieutenant Colonel 5th Dragoons^  1797, Lieutenant Colonel 18th Light Dragoons 1799, Brevet Colonel 1803, Brigadier General on the Staff 1804-1809, Major General 1810,  Lieutenant General Continent 1813, Lieutenant General 1814, General 1837.  * disbanded 1796. + disbanded 1795. ^ disbanded 1799.

Early service: Flanders 1794-1795, with Head Quarters Austrian Army 1795-1796 and severally wounded, Ireland 1798, Helder 1799 and wounded. Under-Secretary of State for War and Colonies 1807-1809.

Portugal & Spain: Commanded a cavalry brigade Portugal and Spain 1808-1809 and at Corunna 1809.

Peninsular War: Adjutant-General April 1809 - April 1812 [also absent two months winter 1809-1810 and six months 1810 -1811]. Resigned appointment in peninsula May 1813. Declined an appointment as Inspector General of Portuguese Cavalry in 1809 and again in 1810.

Other service: Appointed Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Prussia and Military Commissioner to Allied  Armies 1813-1814, wounded Kulm 1813 and present at Leipzig 1813. Ambassador to Austria 1814-1822.

Changed name to Vane 1819. Created Baron Stewart 1814. Succeeded as 3rd Marquess of Londonderry 1822.

Aide-de-Camp to the King 1803. Irish MP 1800. MP 1801-1814. Lord Lieutenant of Durham 1842-1854.   KB 1813. GCB 1815. GCH 1816. KG 1853. Colonel of  25th Light Dragoons 1813-1818, 10th Light Dragoons 1820-1843, 2nd Life Guards 1843-1854.

 

Placed on the Napoleon Series: August 2006

 

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