Prussian Generals of the Napoleonic Wars  1793-1815

Prussian Generals of the Napoleonic Wars  1793-1815: Renouard, Johann Jeremias von

Renouard, Johann Jeremias von

Born on 30 July 1742 in Berlin, the son of Hofrat (court councilor) Franz von Renouard, a French nobleman and director of the French Hugenot colony there. On 11 July 1756, he entered Prussian military service as Gfkpl mit Portepee (i.e. a Junker due to his noble status), in the IR von Anhalt Nr 3. He served in the Seven Years War at the battles of Prague and Kay (where he was wounded), the siege of Prague and the clash of Korbitz near Meissen on 21 September 1759. Here he was captured and remained an Austrian prisoner of war until 1763. On 23 Oct 1758, he had been promoted to Frch, and on 22 March 1760, was promoted to Sklt. On 8 December 1764, he was promoted to Prlt and on 3 July 1772 – promoted to Stkpt in the IR Anhalt-Bernburg Nr 3. On 20 July 1775, he was  promoted to Kpt and Kiech. He served in the war with Austria in 1778 – 1779 and on  27 May 1785, was promoted to Maj. On 27 May 1787, he was appointed Chef of Füs Bn Nr 18. In 1787 he served in the war in the Netherlands against the republicans and on 28 May 1789, was awarded the PLM at the review at Magdeburg `fuer gute Dressur seines Bataillons`(for the good drill of his battalion). On 7 June 1792, Renouard was promoted to Obstlt; he then served on the Rhine from 1792 – 1795 against France, fighting at Valmy and the clashes at Chalons, Hochheim (where he was distinguished and mentioned in dispatches), Bingen, Alsheim, Wachenheim and the blockade of Landau. On 24 January 1794, he was promoted to Obst, and on 1 May 1794, was appointed to command the IR von Reitzenstein Nr 56. On 1 October 1799, he was appointed Chef of IR von Thadden Nr 3, and on 20 May 1800, was promoted to GM. He took part n the war of 1806, although at this point, his eyesight was so bad due to glaucoma, that he could see scarcely 20 paces. He was badly wounded at Auerstädt in command of a brigade in the Centre under GL von Wartensleben. He was then captured at the fall of Magdeburg on 11 November 1806. On 10 August 1807, he was set on half pay. On 19 November 1809, he was court martialled, cashiered and sentenced to two years fortress arrest in Spandau, for having signed the capitulation document. On 25 January 1810, he was released due to ill health and allowed to serve the rest of his sentence in Spandau town. He died there on 30 December 1810. Prior to Auerstädt, he had been considered one of the most promising commanders in the army.

Placed on the Napoleon Series: December 2011

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