Prussian Generals of the Napoleonic Wars  1793-1815

Prussian Generals of the Napoleonic Wars  1793-1815: Rödlich, Heironymus Franz Seraph

Rödlich, Heironymus Franz Seraph (1240)

Born on 30 September 1767 in Brünn (now Brno), Moravia; his father, Franz Karl, was an Austrian Oberlandresident (Senior State Resident) in the Tabaksamt (Tobacco Office). On 15 October 1785, Heironymus entered Austrian military service as Kadett a propriis (officer cadet) in the DragR Nr 4; on 6 May 1788, he was commissioned as Unterleutnant. He served in the war against the Turks in 1778/9 at the blockade and capture of Chotin and the Austro-Russian victory in the battle of Focsani on 21 July 1789. On 4 November 1791, he was transferred to the UlR Meszaros Nr 1, and in 1796, he transferred again, to the 2. Walachian Grenz-IR. He moved again on 14 June 1796, when he was selected to serve on the general staff as an Oberleutnant. From 1796 to 1797, he fought in Italy against the French at the battles of Arcole and Rivoli and the clashes at Fontaniva and Lanove. On 17 July 1797, he was promoted to Hauptmann, and on 6 June 1798, he was transferred to IR vacant Nr 60. On 23 September 1798, he went with FML Mack into Neapolitan service, and fought against the French at Civita Castellana and the capitulation of Capua. On 1 January 1799, he transferred back into Austrian service, in the UlR  Schwarzenberg Nr 2 as Premierrittmeister. From 1799 to 1800, he took part in organizing the arming of the population in the Odenwald on the upper Rhine and fought at the relief of Philippsburg in November 1799. On 1 October 1800, he retired as a major, but on 6 February 1802, he re-entered Austrian service as Platzmajor in Cattaro, Italy. On 6 January 1804, he was transferred to the Liccaner Grenz-IR Nr 1. On 11 September 1806, he again retired, but re-entered Austrian service again in the following year. The Prussian reformer Graf von Götzen met Rödlich in Vienna and learned that he had experience in arming the populace and thought that he would be of great value in the organization of the Landwehr in Prussia. On 3 July 1807, Röder was allowed to leave Austrian service, and on 19 August 1807, he entered Prussian military service as Obstlt in the suite of the army with a salary of Thlr 1,000p.a.  Röder was sent on a special mission to the king of Prussia in Tilsit and soon became a well respected member of the reform group of von Götzen, von Scharnhorst, von Stein and von Gneisenau. On 21 November 1809, he was awarded the pay of a field officer of the cavalry of Thlr 1,900 p.a. and five forage rations. On 4 February 1811, he was promoted to Obst, and on 5 February 1811, he was appointed Prussian commissar with the corps of Junot and St-Cyr in Silesia until early 1812. On 8 March 1813, he was appointed to command a brigade at the blockade of Altdamm, and was later at the siege of Stettin. On 8 December 1813, he was attached to Blücher`s HQ of the Army of Silesia, and on 27 December 1813, he was appointed to command a LWC brigade in the I Corps. On 1 April 1814, he was transferred to the suite of the army, and on 4 April 1814, he was appointed Supervisor of the Prussian army hospitals in France. On 28 September 1814, he was permitted to wear the cross of the French LdH Ch. On 29 April 1815, he was appointed to the staff of GM von Dobschütz, GOC of the new Rhineland provinces. On 31 May 1815, he was promoted to GM, and on 5 October of that year, he was awarded the EK II on a white ribbon. On 23 November 1815, he was appointed Insp Gen of the LW in Gumbinnen District, now Gusev, east of Kaliningrad. On 18 April 1816, he was permitted to wear the Dutch Order of Wilhelm III. He retired on 22 February 1820, with a pension of Thlr 1,500 p.a. He died on 24 December 1833 in Berlin. Röder was a writer of some merit, an inventor and was highly thought of in Austria and in Prussia by General von Yorck among others.

Placed on the Napoleon Series: January 2012

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