Research Subjects: Biographies


A Guide to the French Marshals: Their Campaigns

By Alexandre Mikaberidze, FINS

Marshal
1796-1797
Italy
1798 - 1799
Egypt
1800
Italy
1805
Austria
1806
Prussia
1806-1807
Poland
1808-1814
Peninsula
1809
Austria
1812
Russia
1813 Germany
1814
France
1815
Belgium
Augereau
x
Elected to Council of 500
Fought in Germany
x
x
x
x
Spain
In Prussia
x
In the army of Rhone
Did not join Napoleon
Bernadotte
 x
Army of the Lower Rhine
 Councillor of State, then in the Army of the West
x
x
1808 - Governor of the Hanseatic Towns

Disgraced by Napoleon  at Wagram
Elected in 1810 as Crown Prince of Sweden

Fought against Napoleon

Moved troops towards Liege
Refused to join coalition, but took possession of Norway
Berthier
 x
x
 x
died
Bessieres
 x
x
 x
 x

Killed at Rippach
 
 
Brune
 x
Commanded troops in Holland
Commanded Army of the West
Ambassador to Turkey
Governor of the Hanseatic Towns
 x
Fell from Napoleon's favor due to his strong Republican feelings; 
 
 
 
 
Was given command on the Var; murdered at Avignon by Royalist mob
Davout
In the Army of Rhine
 x
x
 1808 - the Army of Rhine
Defended Hamburg
Minister of War
Gouvion Saint-Cyr
 In the Army of Rhine
In the Army of Danube, then Italy
In the Army of Rhine
 In the Army of Italy
Naples
Naples
Disgraced by Napoleon for leaving  Spain without awaiting for successor

Captured in November
 Returned to France in June
Did not join Napoleon
Grouchy
 In the expedition to Ireland
In the Army of Rhine
In the Army of Rhine
x
 Ill health
Jourdan
 In the Army of Rhine
In the Army of Rhine, then in the Council of 500
Inspector General of the Infantry and Cavalry 
In the Army of Italy
Chief of Staff of the Army of Naples
Chief of Staff of the Army of Naples
Spain
Spain, Governor of Madrid since 1811
Spain
 No active service
In the Army of Rhine
Kellermann
Since 1797  carried only administrative duties;
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lannes
 x
x
 x
Killed at Aspern-Essling
 
 
 
 
Lefebvre
In the Armies of Sambre-et-Meuse and England 
In the Armies of Mainz and Danube; commanded Paris Military District 
Senator 
In National Guard 
x
Joined Napoleon; made a Peer of France 
Macdonald
In the Armies of Sambre-et-Meuse and the North
Governor of Rome; commanded Armies of Naples and Rhine
 In the Army of Rhine
1804-1807 fell from Napoleon's grace for defending Moreau
 
 x
Did not join Napoleon
Marmont

In October 1796 sent to Paris
 x
Governor General of Dalmatia
 In the Danube Theater

Since 1811
Spain
Followed King inro exile
Massena
 x
Switzerland
 x
 In the Army of Italy
Naples
Naples; replaced Lannes in January 1807; on leave since July 1807

Since 1810
Spain
Governor of 8th Military District at Toulon
 Governor of 8th Military District at Toulon
Commanded Paris National Guard
Moncey
 Suspected royalist, he remained unemployed in 1797-1799
 
In the Army of the Reserve Italy
 Inspector General of Gendarmerie
Inspector General of Gendarmerie
Inspector General of Gendarmerie
 x
1809-1814 served in Belgium and France; commanded the Army of Reserve in the North
 
 
 Commanded Paris National Guard
In Paris, Peer of France
Mortier
 In the Army of Sambre-et-Meuse
Switzerland
Paris
 x
x
 x
Spain
Joined Napoleon, but ill health prevented from active service
Murat
 x
 x
x
 Naples
 Naples; executed in October
Ney
  In the Army of Rhine
In Armies of Switzerland and Danube 
 In the Army of Rhine
 x
x
Spain
Oudinot
In the Armies of England and Helvetia
Switzerland
In Genoa with Massena
 x
x
 
Did not join Napoleon
Perignon
1795-1797 Ambassador to Spain
In the Army of Italy
Senator
 
1806-1808
Governor General of Parma and Piacenza
 
 1808-1813 Naples
 
 
 
 
 
Poniatowski
Poland
Austria
Austria
Austria and Poland
Governor of Warsaw and Minister of War of Polish government
1808 Minister of War of Grand Duchy of Warsaw

Drowned in the Elster River at Leipzig
 
 
Serurier
 x
1798 Governor of Venice
Senator 
1804-1814 Governor of Les Invalides
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Soult
 In the Army of Rhine
Switzerland

in Genoa with Massena
x
 x
Spain
Spain
Spain
Suchet
 x
Switzerland and Italy
 x
x
Spain
Spain
Spain
Spain, then commanded the Army of the South
In the  Army of the Alps
Victor
 x
Italy
Holland
Denmark
x
Spain
Did not join Napoleon

 

 

 



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