Research Subjects: Government & Politics


 

 

The Acts, Orders in Council, &c. of Great Britain [on Trade], 1793 - 1812

[Order in Council] At the court at the Queen's Palace, the 25th of November, 1807: Present, the King's Most Excellent Majesty in council.

Whereas His Majesty, by his order in council, dated 11th November instant, respecting the trade to be carried on with His Majesty's enemies, was pleased to exempt from the restrictions of the said order all vessels belonging to any country not at war with His Majesty, together with their cargo, which shall be coming from any port or place in Europe which is declared in the said order to be subject to the restrictions incident to a state of blockade, direct to some port or place in Europe belonging to His Majesty; and also all vessels which shall be cleared out from Gibraltar or Malta, under such regulations as His Majesty may think fit to prescribe, and which shall be proceeding direct to the ports specified in their respective clearances:

And whereas it is expedient to encourage the trade from Gibraltar and Malta to countries under the restrictions of the said order, subject to regulations to be made in respect thereto; His Majesty is therefore pleased to prescribe the following regulations in regard to such trade accordingly, and by and with the advice of his privy council, to order, and it is hereby ordered, that all sorts of flour and meal, and all sorts of grain, tobacco, and any other article in an unmanufactured state, being the growth and produce of any country not being subjected by the said order to restrictions incident to a state of blockade, except cotton and naval and military stores, which shall have been imported into Gibraltar or Malta direct from the country where the same were grown and produced, shall, without any license, be permitted to be cleared out to any port or place not being in a state of actual blockade, without the same being compelled to be landed: but neither the said article of cotton, however imported, nor any article which is not the growth, produce, or manufacture of this kingdom, or which has not been imported in a British ship, or from this kingdom direct, (except fish,) and which shall have been laden at the port of original shipment after the period directed by an order of this date to be taken as the time at which notice of the said order of the 11th of November shall be considered as having been received at such port of shipment, shall be permitted to be exported from Gibraltar or Malta, except to some port or place in this kingdom; and all other articles of the growth, produce, or manufacture of this kingdom, or which shall have been imported into Gibraltar or Malta in a British ship, or from some port or place in this kingdom, together with the article of fish, however imported, may be exported to any ports or places in the Mediterranean or Portugal, under such license only as is hereinafter directed to be granted by the Governor of Gibraltar and Malta respectively.

And it is hereby further ordered, that licenses be granted by the Governors, Lieutenant Governors, or other persons having the chief civil command at Gibraltar or at Malta, respectively, but in His Majesty's name, to such person or persons as the said Governors, Lieutenant Governors, or other persons having the chief civil command, shall think fit, allowing such person or persons to export from Gibraltar direct to any port in the Mediterranean, or to any port of Portugal, or to any port of Spain without the Mediterranean, not further north than Cape Finisterre, and from Malta direct to any port being within the Mediterranean, with any articles of the produce or manufacture of His Majesty's dominions, and any articles which shall have been imported into Gibraltar or Malta from this kingdom, to whomsoever such articles shall appear to belong, (not being naval or military stores,) in any vessel belonging to any country not at war with His Majesty, or in any vessel not exceeding one hundred tons burthen, and being unarmed, belonging to the country  to which such vessel shall be cleared out and going; and also to import in any such vessel or vessels, as aforesaid, from any port within the Mediterranean, to Gibraltar or Malta, or from any port in Portugal or Spain, as aforesaid, to Gibraltar; such port and such destination   respectively to be specified in such license, any articles of merchandise whatsoever, and to whomsoever the same may appear to belong; such articles to be specified in the bill of lading of such vessel, subject, however, to such further regulations and restrictions, with respect to all or any of the said articles so to be imported or exported, as may be inserted in the said licenses by the Governors, Lieutenant Governors, or other persons having the chief civil command at Gibraltar or Malta, for the time being, respectively, as to them shall from time to time seem fit and expedient.

And it is further ordered, that in every such license shall be inserted the names and residence of the person or persons to whom it shall be granted, the articles, and their quantities permitted to be exported, the name and description of the vessel, and of the master thereof, the port to which the vessel shall be allowed to go, which shall be some port not under actual blockade; and that no license so to be granted shall continue in force for longer than two months from its date, nor for more than one voyage; nor any such license be granted, or acknowledged to be valid if granted, to permit the clearance of any vessel to any port which shall be actually blockaded by any naval force of His Majesty or of his allies.

And it is further ordered, that the commanders of His Majesty's ships of war and privateers, and all others whom it may concern, shall suffer every such vessel sailing comformably to the permission given by this order, or having any license as aforesaid, to pass and repass direct between Gibraltar or Malta, and such port as shall be specified in the license, in such manner, and under such terms, regulations, and restrictions, as shall be expressed therein.

And it is further ordered, that, in case any vessel so sailing as aforesaid, for which any such license as aforesaid shall have been granted, and which shall be proceeding direct upon her said voyage, shall be detained and brought in for legal adjudication, such vessel, with her cargo, shall be forthwith released by the Court of Admiralty or Vice-Admiralty in which proceedings shall be commenced, upon proof being made that the parties had duly conformed to the terms, regulations, and restrictions of the said license; the proof of such conformity to lay upon the person or persons claiming the benefit of this order, or obtaining or using such license, or claiming benefit thereof.

And it is hereby further ordered, that no vessel belonging to any State on the coast of Barbary shall be prevented from sailing with any articles of the growth and produce of such State, from any port or place in such State, to any port or place in the Mediterranean or Portugal, such port or place nor being actually blockaded by some naval force belonging to His Majesty or his allies, without being obligated to touch at Gibraltar or Malta.

And the right honorable the Lords Commissioners of His Majesty's Treasury, His Majesty's principal Secretaries of State, the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty, and the Judges of the High Court of Admiralty and Courts of Vice-Admiralty, are to take the necessary measures herein as to them shall respectively appertain.

W. FAWKENER.

 

Placed on the Napoleon Series April 2003

 

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