Right and Identity in XIXth Century
By Roberto A. Scattolin, Italy
This essay brings to light a little-known historical tidbit – this
time it is the story of Ang Chan II, who ascended to the throne
The Varman Dynasty
In the year 1797, Brhat Pada Samdah Brhat Rajankariya Brhat Udayarajadhiraja Ramadipati Brhat Sri Suriyapura Parama Surindra Maha Chakrapatiratta Paramanatha Bupati Sadithpen Isvara Kambujaratta Chau Brhat Jatha Varavarman Damramsa Krung Kambuja Adipati Sri Sudhana Negara Indrapati Kururajapuri Rama Uda Maha Sadhana (Udayaraja IV, or Ang Chan II) ascended to the throne of the Kingdom of Cambodia.
On November 18th, the six-year-old child had succeeded on the death of his father.
Because of his minority – he was born at
On 26 July 1806, the coronation ceremony followed at
The Usurpation Crisis
In 1811, H.M. the King of Cambodia Ang Chan II had to
quickly flee to northern
Seemingly perturbed, and with growing apprehension of Chan’s most friendly entente cordiale with Vietnam and to his Emperor Gia Long (1762-1820), the Siamese King Phra Phutthaloethla – Rama II (1768-1824) – had decided to have a more acquiescent ruler to his imposing geo-political asset; therefore, he resolved to oust Ang Chan by military pressure.
However, Vietnamese army units which were a powerful military deterrent,
were sent to support Ang Chan II, thus causing
Because of the new warfare mobility – Ang Chan took Oudong
supported by allied military units,
Thus, Ang Chan regained the throne, and Gia Long became
the preferential political patron and privileged relationship (i.e.
1775 - August 1779: Ang Non II (b. 1739-d. 1779)
1779 - 5 May 1796: Ang Eng (b. 1773-d. 1796)
1796 - 1806: Interregnum: Vietnamese and Siamese do not allow king Ang Chan II to be crowned; Pok-Regent
1806 - 1811: Ang Chan II (first time)
1811 - 1812: Ang Em (b. 1794- d. 1844)
1812 - 13 May 1813: Ang Snguon (b. 1794-d. 1822)
13 May 1813-1835: Ang Chan II (second time).
The present essay illustrates how the matrix of constituted political
power and its exercize are often conditioned by elements of a non-political
Local intrigue and foreign interferences at the court of Ang Chan II
and in the heart of the
Her only survival capabilities were through political mediation and
subordination to foreign powers. How
The court had to consider a new way of political transition – surrendering
part of its sovereignty to its powerful neighbors:
Another major insufficiency lay instead in the fact that
All of this greatly resembles the logic of ancient feudal powers of the Middle Ages.
The author would like to express his thanks to Mrs. M. Whitehead.
 He died of dysentery while staying
aboard the Phreah Tineang neavea (the ship was anchored at the
 It was only
in 1813 that he succeeded moving the capital to
 He married three further wives; the second named Anak Munang Krachap; she was the elder sister of Pe. The third, was Anak Munang Yos. The fourth: Anak Munang Pen, Krachap’s younger sister.
 He was also the Governor of Battambang.
 Nguyen Anh;
enthroned in the year 1802 as emperor of
 However, the
Placed on the Napoleon Series: February 2007
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