Treaty Between France and the Ottoman Empire
25 June 1802
The Ottoman Empire became concerned about the Revolution in France after 1797 when Napoleon sent agents to spread anti-Ottoman propaganda in the Balkans. The French possession of territory in the Ionian archipelago brought about a break in Franco-Turkish relations. The Ottomans joined the Second Coalition against France in the wake of Napoleon's Egyptian expedition. The evacuation of French forces from Egypt lead to the renewal of relations between France and the Ottoman Empire. A preliminary treaty of peace was signed in October 1801. Relations between the two countries were close due to Turkish fears of Russia.
A. Definitive Treaty of Peace between the French Republic and the Sublime Ottoman Porte
The first consul of the French Republic, in the name of the French people, and the sublime Ottoman emperor, being desirous to restore the relations of peace and amity which have of old subsisted between France and the sublime Porte, have for that purpose appointed ministers plenipotentiaries, viz. the first consul, in the name of the French people, citizen C.M. Talleyrand, minister for foreign affairs to the French republic; and the sublime Ottoman Porte, Esseid Mahomed Said Ghalib Effendi, private secretary and director of foreign affairs; who, after exchanging their full powers, have agreed to the following articles:
- here shall hereafter be peace and friendship between the French republic and the sublime Ottoman Porte: hostilities shall for the future, and for ever, cease between the two states.
- The treaties or capitulations which, before the war, defined the respective relations of every kind, existing between the two powers, shall be renewed in all their particulars.
In consequence of this renewal, and in fulfilment of the ancient capitulation, according to which the French have a right to enjoy, in the states of the sublime Porte, all the advantages granted to other nations, the sublime Porte consents that the French merchant ships bearing the French flag, shall for the future possess the undisputed right to navigate and pass freely in the Black sea. The sublime Porte likewise consents, that the said French merchant ships, on their passage into and out of this sea, shall, with respect to every thing that can favour the free navigation of it, be placed precisely on the same footing with the merchant ships of those nations which now navigate it.
The sublime Porte and the government of the French republic will with common consent take vigorous measures to cleanse the seas, which the ships of both states navigate, from all kinds of pirates.
The sublime Porte promises to protect the French trading ships in the Black Sea against all kinds of pirates.
It is hereby understood, that the advantages secured by the present article to the French in the Ottoman empire, shall in like manner extend to the subjects and flag of the sublime Porte in the seas and territory of the French republic.
- The French republic shall, in the Ottoman countries which lie on, or in the vicinity of, the Black Sea, both with respect to their trade and the agents and commissars which that trade may render it necessary to appoint in such places, enjoy the same rights and privileges which France, before the war, enjoyed by virtue of the old capitulations, in any other parts of the states of the sublime Porte.
- The sublime Porte assents to all that was stipulated with respect to it in the treaty concluded at Amiens between France and England, on the 4th Germinal of the year ten (25th of March 1801), or the 22d of Zillides, of the year of the Hegira 1216. All the articles of this treaty, which have relation to the sublime Porte, are by the present treaty formally renewed.
- The French republic and the sublime Porte mutually guaranty the integrity of the possessions.
- The restorations and indemnifications which are due to the agents of the two powers, or to their citizens and subjects, whose effects have been confiscated or sequestrated during the war, shall be regulated in an equitable manner, by a particular agreement to be concluded between the two governments at Constantinople.
- Until by common consent new regulations shall be agreed on, with respect to the tolls or customs on which disputes may have arisen, these shall in both countries continue to be regulated by the old capitulations.
- Should any prisoners be found in the two countries, who are detained in consequence of the war, they shall immediately be set at liberty, without ransom.
- As the French republic and the sublime Porte, by the present treaty, wish to place their states reciprocally in the situation of the most favoured powers, it is expressly understood that each state grants to the other, all the advantages which have been or shall be granted to any other powers, in the same manner as if they were expressly stipulated in the present treaty.
- The ratifications of the present treaty shall be exchanged within eighty days, or sooner, if possible, at Paris.
Done at Paris, the 6th of Messidor, of the year ten (June 25, 1802), or the 24th of Safernair, the year of the Hegira 1217.
Ch. Mau. Talleyrand.
Esseid Mahomed Said Ghalib Effendi.
The Annual Register, or, A View of the History, Politics, and Literature for the Year 1802. London: Printed by R. Wilks for W. Otridge and Sons, etal. (Publisher varies by year.) Published for the years 1758-1837 in 80 vols.; illus., maps; 21-23 cm. Alternate titles for some years include: Annual Register, or, A View of the History and Politics of the Year... and New Annual Register, or General Repository of History, Politics, and Literature, for the Year... Succeeded by: Annual Register of World Events.
Placed on the Napoleon Series 11/00
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