November 10, 1799 (19 Brumaire, Year VIII)
By the coup d'état of Brumaire the government of the Directory was overthrown. This decree was passed by remnants of the councils of the Five Hundred and of the Ancients after the dispersion of those bodies. Thereby some semblance of legality was imparted to the coup d'état.
The Council of the Five Hundred, considering the situation of the Republic, approves the act of urgency and the following resolution:
Signed by, Lucien Bonaparte, president. Emile Gaudin and Bara, secretaries.
Title: The constitutions and other select documents illustrative of the history of France, 1789-1901
Proclamation of the Consuls on Brumaire, 12 November 1799
In this document the new consuls frame the debate over the change of government. Factionalism is once again pointed out as the villain to a French people tired of political upheaval. Contrast this proclamation by the three consuls with that of Napoleon on Brumaire.
Proclamation of the Consuls to the French.
Paris, 21st Brumaire (12th Nov.) 
The constitution of the third year has perished. It knew not how to protect your rights, or to support itself. Multiplied attacks deprived it for ever of the respect of the people. Heinous and ambitious factions divided the republic between them. France at length approached to the last term of a general disorganization.
The patriots have made themselves heard. Every thing that could injure you has been removed. Every thing that could serve you, every thing that remained pure in the national representation, is united under the banners of liberty.
Frenchmen! the republic thus re-established and replaced in Europe in the rank which she never should have lost, will proceed to realize all the hopes of citizens, and will accompany its glorious destinies.
Take with us the oath which we have made, "to be faithful to the republic, one and indivisible, founded on equality, liberty, and the representative system."
By the consuls of the republic,
The Annual Register, or, A View of the History, Politics, and Literature for the Year 1799. London: Printed by R. Wilks for W. Otridge and Sons, etal. (Publisher varies by year.) Published for the years 1758-1837 in 80 vols.; illus., maps; 21-23 cm. Alternate titles for some years include: Annual Register, or, a View of the History and Politics of the Year... and New Annual Register, or General Repository of History, Politics, and Literature, for the Year... Succeeded by: Annual Register of World Events.
Fyffe, Modern Europe, I, 197-207 (Popular ed., 133-139) ; Cambridge Modern History, VIII. Ch. 22 ; Fournier, Napoleon. 166-182: Rose, Napoleon I, Ch. x ; Sloane, Napoleon, II, Chs. x-xi ; Lanfrey. Napoleon, I, Ch. xii ; Lavisse and Rambaud. Histoire générale, VIII, 403-411 ; Aulard, Révolution française, Part III, Ch. v ; Jaurès, histoire socialiste, V, Ch. 22.
Placed on the Napoleon Series 5/00
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