Research Subjects: Miscellaneous


Peerage of England (to 1707)

‘Lords of Parliament’ in the Peerage of Scotland (to 1707)

Peerage of Ireland (to 1707)

Sources

Notes

 

The British Peerage in 1818: Peerages 337-374: Baronies and ‘Lords of Parliament’ in the Peerages of England, Scotland and Ireland

By Stephen Millar 

The title of baron ranks lowest in the British peerage. In 1818, there were total of 38 baronies in the original three peerages, of which 17 had been created in the peerage of England, 16 created in the peerage of Scotland and 5 created in the peerage of Ireland.[1]

There were also 16 vacant baronies in the peerage of England. It is interesting to note that some of these ancient titles had been vacant for several centuries (the barony of Cromwell was vacant from 30.08.1497 to 16.07.1923 and the barony of Latymer was vacant from 22.04.1577 to 11.02.1913).

The vacant baronies were: Mowbray (created 28.06.1283) and Segrave (created 28.06.1283); Hastings (created 23.06.1295); FitzWalter (created 23.06.1295); Grey de Cudnor (created 06.02.1299); Strange de Knokin (created 29.12.1299); Strabolgi  (created 20.10.1318); Cromwell (created 28.12.1375); Camoys (created 20.08.1383); Latymer (created 25.02.1432); Dudley (created 25.02.1342); Berners (created 26.05.1455); Vaux of Harrowden (created 27.04.1523); Braye (created 03.11.1529); Burgh (created 02.12.1529); Wharton (created 03.1544).

Four medieval English baronies were held by women: De Ros (1264), Willoughby de Eresby (1313), Dacre (1321) and Grey de Ruthyn (1324). Polworth, a barony created in the Peerage of Scotland in 1690/1697, was also held by a woman.

I. Peerage of England (to 1707)

One creation of King Henry III of England (19.10.1216-16.11.1272):

337. De Ros (created 14.12.1264; England)

Charlotte FitzGerald-de Ros, 21st Baroness de Ros (24.05.1769-09.01.1831), was granted her title by the House of Lords on 09.05.1806. The title had been vacant since the death of George Villiers, 2nd Duke of Buckingham on 16.04.1687.

Two creations of King Edward I of England (16.11.1272-07.07.1307):

338. Clinton (created 06.02.1299; England)

Robert Cotton St. John Trefusis, 18th Baron Clinton (28.04.1787-10.1832), inherited his title from Robert George William Trefusis, 17th Baron Clinton, on 28.08.1797.

339. De Clifford (created 29.12.1299; England)

Edward Southwell, 21st Baron de Clifford (23.06.1767-30.09.1832), inherited his title from Edward Southwell, 20th Baron de Clifford, on 01.11.1777.

Four creations of King Edward II of England (07.07.1307-20.01.1327):

340. Zouche (created 16.08.1308; England)

Sir Cecil Bishop, 12th Baron Zouche (29.12.1753-11.11.1828), was granted thte title by the House of Lords on 27.08.1815. The title had been vacant (‘in abeyance’) since the death of Edward la Zouche, 11th Baron Zouche, on 18.08.1625.

341. Willoughby de Eresby (created 26.07.1313; England)

Pricilla Barbara Elizabeth Burrell, 19th Baroness Willoughby de Eresby (15.02.1761-29.12.1828), was granted her title by the House of Lords on 18.03.1780. The title had been vacant since the death of Robert Bertie, 4th Duke of Ancaster, on 08.07.1779.

342. Dacre (created 13.05.1321; England)

Gertrude Brand, 19th Baroness Dacre (25.08.1750-03.10.1819), inherited her title from Trevor Charles Roper, 18th Baron Dacre, on 04.07.1794.

343. Grey de Ruthyn (created 30.12.1324; England)

Barbara Rawdon-Hastings, 20th Baroness Grey de Ruthyn (20.05.1810-19.11.1858), inherited her title from Henry Edward Yelverton, 19th Baron Grey de Ruthyn, on 29.10.1810.

One creation by King Henry VI of England (31.08.1422-04.03.1461 and 30.10.1470-11.04.1471):

344. Saye and Sele (created 03.03.1447; England)

Gregory William Eardley-Twistleton-Fiennes, 14th Baron Saye and Sele (14.04.1769-13.11.1844), inherited his title from Thomas Twistleton, 13th Baron Saye and Sele, on 01.07.1788.

One creation by King Henry VII of England (22.08.1485-21.04.1509):

345. Willoughby de Broke (created 12.08.1491; England)

John Peyto-Verney, 15th Baron Willoughby de Broke (28.06.1762-01.09.1820), inherited his title from John Peyto-Verney, 14th Baron Willoughby de Broke, on 15.02.1816.

One creation of Queen Mary I of England (19.07.1553-17.11.1558):

346. Howard of Effingham (created 11.03.1554; England)

Kenneth Alexander Howard, 12th Baron Howard of Effingham (29.11.1767-13.02.1845), inherited his title from his cousin, Richard Howard, 4th Earl of Effingham, on 10.12.1816.

Two creations of Queen Elizabeth I of England (17.11.1558-24.03.1603):

347. St. John of Bletso (created 13.01.1559; England)

St. Andrew Beauchamp St. John, 14th Baron St. John of Bletso (08.11.1811-27.01.1874), inherited his title from St. Andrew St. John, 13th Baron St. John of Bletso, on 15.10.1817.

348. Howard de Walden (created 1597; England)

Charles Augustus Ellis, 6th Baron Howard de Walden (15.06.1799-29.08.1868), inherited his title from Frederick Augustus Hervey, 4th Earl of Bristol, on 08.07.1803.

Three creations by King James I of England (24.03.1603-27.03.1625):

349. Petre (created 21.07.1603; England)

William Henry Francis Petre, 11th Baron Petre (22.01.1793-03.07.1850), inherited his title from Robert Edward Petre, 10th Baron Petre, on 28.03.1809.

350. Dormer (created 30.06.1615; England)

Charles Dormer, 9th Baron Dormer (10.01.1753-02.04.1819), inherited his title from Charles Dormer, 8th Baron Dormer, on 30.03.1804.

351. Teynham (created 09.07.1616; England)

John Roper, 13th Baron Teynham (27.03.1767-06.09.1824), inherited his title from Henry Roper, 12th Baron Teynham, on 10.01.1800.

One creation by King Charles I of England (27.03.1625-30.01.1649):

352. Byron (created 24.10.1643; England)

George Gordon Byron, 6th Baron Byron (22.01.1788-19.04.1824), inherited his title from William Byron, 5th Baron Byron, on 19.05.1798.

One creation by King Charles II of England (08.05.1660-06.02.1685):

353. Clifford of Chudleigh (created 22.04.1672; England)

Charles Clifford, 6th Baron Clifford of Chudleigh (28.11.1759-29.04.1831), inherited his title from his brother, Hugh Edward Henry Clifford, 5th Baron Clifford of Chudleigh, on 15.01.1793.

II. ‘Lords of Parliament’ in the Peerage of Scotland (to 1707)

Five creations by King James II of Scotland (21.02.1437-03.08.1460):

354. Forbes (created 1445; Scotland)

James Forbes, 17th Lord Forbes (7.03.1765-04.05.1843), inherited his title from his father, James Forbes, 16th Lord Forbes, on 29.07.1804.

355. Gray (created 1445; Scotland)

Francis Gray, 14th Lord Gray (01.09.1765-20.08.1842), inherited his title from his brother, William John Gray, 13th Lord Gray, on 12.12.1807.[2]

356. Saltoun (created 28.06.1445; Scotland)

Alexander George Fraser, 16th Lord Saltoun (22.04.1785-18.07.1853), inherited his title from Alexander Fraser, 15th Lord Saltoun, on 12.09.1793.

357. Sinclair (created 1449; Scotland)

Charles St. Clair, 13th Lord Sinclair (30.07.1768-30.03.1863), inherited his title from Andrew St. Clair, 12th Lord Sinclair, on 16.12.1775.

358. Borthwick (created 12.06.1452; Scotland)

Patrick Borthwick, 17th Lord Borthwick (12.09.1779-12.04.1840), inherited his title from his father, Archibald Borthwick, 16th Lord Borthwick, on 13.07.1815.[3]

Two creations by King James IV of Scotland (11.06.1488-09.09.1513):

359. Sempill (created 1489; Scotland)

Hugh Sempill, 14th Lord Sempill (01.07.1758-25.01.1830), inherited his title from John Sempill, 13th Lord Sempill, on 15.01.1782.

360. Elphinstone (created 14.01.1509; Scotland)

John Elphinstone, 13th Lord Elphinstone (23.06.1807-19.07.1860), inherited his title from John Elphinstone, 12th Lord Elphinstone, on 20.05.1813.

One creation by Queen Mary I of Scotland (14.12.1542-24.07.1567):

361. Torpichin (created 25.01.1564; Scotland)

James Sandilands, 10th Lord Torpichin (21.07.1770-22.03.1862), inherited his title from James Sandilands, 9th Lord Torpichin, on 07.06.1815.

One creation by King James I of Scotland (24.07.1567-24.03.1603) later King James I of England (24.03.1603-27.03.1625):

362. Colville of Culross (created 25.04.1604 and recreated 20.01.1609; Scotland)

John Colville, 9th Lord Colville of Culross (15.03.1768-22.10.1849), inherited his title from John Colville, 8th Lord Colville of Culross, on 08.03.1811.[4]

Five creations by King Charles I of England (27.03.1625-30.01.1649):

363. Napier of Merchistoun (created 04.05.1627; Scotland)

Francis Napier, 8th Lord Napier of Merchistoun (23.02.1758-01.08.1823), inherited his title from his father, William Napier, 7th Lord Napier of Merchistoun, on 02.01.1775.

364. Fairfax of Cameron (created 18.10.1627; Scotland)

Thomas Fairfax, 9th Lord Fairfax of Cameron (1762-21.04.1846), inherited his title from Bryan Fairfax, 8th Lord Fairfax of Cameron, on 07.08.1802.

365. Reay (created 20.06.1628; Scotland)

Eric Mackay, 7th Lord Reay (12.1773-07.07.1847), inherited his title from his cousin, Hugh Mackay, 6th Lord Reay, on 26.01.1797.

366. Elibank (created 18.03.1643; Scotland)

Alexander Murray, 7th Lord Elibank (24.04.1747-24.09.1820), inherited his title from his uncle, George Murray, 6th Lord Elibank, on 12.11.1785.

367. Belhaven and Stenton (created 1647; Scotland)

Robert Montgomery Hamilton, 8th Lord Belhaven and Stenton (1793-22.12.1868), inherited his title from his father, William Hamilton, 7th Lord Belhaven and Stenton, on 29.10.1814.[5]

One creation by the future King Charles II:

368. Rollo (created 10.01.1651; Scotland)

John Rollo, 8th Lord Rollo (23.04.1773-24.12.1846), inherited his title from his father, James Rollo, 7th Lord Rollo, on 14.05.1784.

One creation by King William III of England (13.02.1689-08.03.1702):

369. Polwarth (created 26.12.1690 and recreated 23.05.1697; Scotland)

Anne Anstruther, 4th Lady Polwarth (died 11.03.1822), inherited her title from Hugh Hume-Campbell, 3rd Earl of Marchmont, on 10.01.1794.

III. Peerage of Ireland (to 1707)

One creation of King Henry III of England (19.10.1216-16.11.1272):

370. Kingsale (created 29.05.1223; Ireland)

John de Courcy, 26th Baron Kingsale (died 24.05.1822), inherited his title from John de Courcy, 25th Baron Kingsale, on 03.03.1776.

Two creations by King Henry VI of England (31.08.1422-04.03.1461 and 30.10.1470-11.04.1471):

371. Dunsany (created 1439; Ireland)

Randall Plunkett, 13th Baron Dunsany (03.1739-04.04.1821), inherited his title from Edward Plunkett, 12th Baron Dunsany, on 09.06.1781.

372. Trimlestown (created 04.03.1461; Ireland)

John Thomas Barnewall, 15th Baron Trimlestown (29.01.1773-07.11.1839), inherited his title from his father, Nicholas Barnewall, 14th Baron Trimlestown, on 16.04.1813.

Two creations by King Charles I of England (27.03.1625-30.01.1649):

373. Dunboyne (created 11.06.1541; Ireland)

James Butler, 13th Baron of Dunboyne (25.07.1780-06.07.1850), inherited his title from John Butler, 12th Baron of Dunboyne and former Bishop of Cork, on 07.06.1800.

374. Louth (created 15.06.1541; Ireland)

Thomas Oliver Plunkett, 11th Baron Louth (28.08.1757-25.06.1823), inherited his title from Oliver Plunkett, 10th Baron Louth, on 04.03.1763.

Sources:

http://www.thepeerage.com/p1741.htm#i17410

http://www.freewebs.com/peerage/

http://www.stirnet.com/

http://library.wellcome.ac.uk/doc_WTL039920.html

http://www.electricscotland.com/

http://www.chinet.com/~laura/html/titles02.html

http://worldroots.com/

http://members.fortunecity.com/chtii/irish/pborders.htm

http://www.british-history.ac.uk/

www.royalsoc.co.uk/

http://www3.dcs.hull.ac.uk/genealogy/royal/gedFx.html

http://www.angeltowns.com/town/peerage/

http://www.pellew.com/Exmouth/Exmouth.htm

http://www.hulthenhem.se/peer/

http://www.bigenealogy.com/peerage/page1.htm

http://www.myclan.com/clans/Rollo_118/default.php

Notes

[1] Barons in the peerage of Scotland are known as’lords of Parliament’.

[2] All three sons of the 11th Lord Gray successively inherited his title: Charles (28.08.1782); William (18.12.1786) and Francis (12.12.1807).

[3] It is interesting to note that both father and son did not initially use this title (although the father petioned for it in 1807 and the son claimed it in 1816).

[4] General Sir Charles Colville (07.08.1770-27.03.1843) was the only son of the 8th Lord Colville of Culross, but appears not to have inherited his father’s title.

[5] The House of Lords had confirmed his father’s title on 25.04.1799.

 

 

Placed on the Napoleon Series: January 2007

 

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