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The British Peerage in 1818 : Peerages 461-488: Baronies in Peerage of the United Kingdom and Ireland (1801-present)

By Stephen Millar 

The title of baron ranks lowest in the British peerage. In 1818, there were 28 baronies in the Peerage of the United Kingdom and Ireland – all of which had been created by King George III. The barony of Holmes (created 04.03.1798; Ireland ) became extinct on 18.01.1804 with the death of Leonard Holmes; the barony of Collingwood (created 20.10.1805; United Kingdom ) became extinct 07.03.1810 with the death of Vice-Admiral Cuthbert Collingwood.

Peerage of the United Kingdom and Ireland (1801-present)

Twenty-eight creations by King George III of Great Britain and Ireland (25.10.1760-29.01.1820):

461. Alvenley (created 22.05.1801; United Kingdom )

William Arden, 2nd Baron Alvenley (08.01.1789-16.11.1849), inherited his title from his father, Sir Richard Pepper Arden, 1st Baron Alvenley, on 19.03.1804.

462. Abercromby of Aboukir and Tullibody (created 28.05.1801; United Kingdom )

This barony was created for Mary Anne Abercromby (died 11.02.1821), wife of Lieutenant-General Sir Ralph Abercromby (who was mortally wounded at the Battle of Alexandria on 21.03.1801).

463. Saint Helens (created 31.07.1801; United Kingdom ) see 418. Saint Helens (created 26.01.1791; Ireland )

464. Redesdale (created 15.02.1802; United Kingdom )

This barony was created for John Freeman-Mitford (18.08.1748-16.01.30), Speaker of the House of Commons 1801-2. He was later Lord Chancellor of Ireland 1802-6.

465. Rivers (created 01.04.1802; United Kingdom ) see 388. Rivers (created 20.05.1776; Great Britain )

466. Ellenborough (created 19.04.1802; United Kingdom )

Edward Law, 2nd Baron Ellenborough (08.09.1790-22.12.1871), inherited his title from his father, Edward Law, 1st Baron Ellenborough, on 13.12.1818.

467. Sandys (created 19.06.1802; United Kingdom )

This barony was created for Mary Hill (19.09.1774-01.08.1836). She was the wife of Arthur Hill, 2nd Marquess of Downshire.

468. Arden (28.07.1802; United Kingdom ) see 387. Arden (created 23.05.1770; Ireland )

469. Barham (created 01.05.1805; United Kingdom )

Diana Noel, 2nd Baroness Barham (18.09.1762-12.04.1823), inherited her title from her father, Admiral Sir Charles Middleton, 1st Baron Barham, on 17.06.1813.

470. Rendlesham (created 01.02.1806: Ireland )

John Thellusson, 2nd Baron Rendlesham (12.09.1785-03.07.1832), inherited his title from his father, Peter Issac Thellusson, 1st Baron Rendlesham, on 16.09.1808.

471. Erskine of Restormel Castle (created 10.02.1806; United Kingdom )

This barony was created for Thomas Erskine (10.01.1750-17.11.1823), Lord Chancellor 1806-7.

472. Crewe (created 25.02.1806; United Kingdom )

This barony was created for John Crewe, (27.09.1742-28.04.1829).

473. Ponsonby (created 13.03.1806; United Kingdom )

John Ponsonby, 2nd Baron Ponsonby (1772-21.02.1855), inherited his title from William Ponsonby, 1st Baron Ponsonby, on 05.11.1806.

474. Gardner (created 27.11.1806; United Kingdom ) see 460. Gardner (created 29.12.1800; Ireland )

475. Manners of Foston (created 20.04.1807; United Kingdom )

This barony was created for Thomas Manners-Sutton (24.02.1756-31.05.1842), Lord Chancellor of Ireland 1807-27.

476. Gambier (created 09.11.1807; United Kingdom )

This barony was created for Admiral James Gambier (13.10.1756-19.04.1833). He was later promoted to Admiral of the Fleet.

477. Decies (created 21.12.1812; Ireland )

This barony was created for William Beresford (16.04.1743-06.09.1819), Archbishop of Tuam.

478. Castlemaine of Moydrum (created 24.12.1812; Ireland )

This barony was created for William Handcock (28.08.1761-07.01.1839).

479. Combermere (created 17.05.1814; United Kingdom )

This barony was created for General Stapleton Cotton (14.11.1773-21.02.1865), one of the Duke of Wellington’s cavalry officers in the Peninsular War. He was made a field-marshal in 1855.

480. Hill (created 17.05.1814; United Kingdom ) and 485. Hill (created 16.01.1816; United Kingdom )

These two baronies were created for General Sir Rowland Hill (11.08.1772-10.12.1842), who commanded I Corps at the Battle of Waterloo. He was created a viscount by Queen Victoria in 1842.

481. Beresford of Albuera and Dungarvan (created 17.05.1814; United Kingdom )

This barony was created for General William Carr Beresford (02.10.1768-08.01.1854), one of the Duke of Wellington’s generals in the Peninsular War. He was created a viscount by King George IV in 1823.

482. Lynedoch (created 17.05.1814; United Kingdom )

This barony was created for Thomas Graham ((19.10.1748-18.12.1843).

483. Churchill of Whichwood (created 11.08.1815; United Kingdom )

This barony was created for Francis Almeric Spencer (26.12.1779-10.03.1845), the second son of Sir George Spencer, 4th Duke of Marlborough.

484. Harris (created 11.08.1815; United Kingdom )

This barony was created for George Harris (18.03.1746-19.05.1829).

485. Hill (created 16.01.1816; United Kingdom ) see 480. Hill (created 17.05.1814; United Kingdom )

486. Prudhoe (created 27.11.1816; United Kingdom )

This barony was created for Algernon Percy (19.12.1792-12.02.1865), the second son of General Hugh Percy, 2nd Duke of Northumberland. He inherited the dukedom on 11.02.1847 with the death of his older brother.

487. Colchester (created 03.06.1817; United Kingdom )

This barony was created for Charles Abbot (14.10.1757-08.05.1829), Speaker of the House of Commons 1802-17.

488. Garvagh (created 28.10.1818; Ireland )

This barony was created for George Canning (15.11.1778-20.08.1840).

Sources:

http://www.thepeerage.com/p1741.htm#i17410

http://www.freewebs.com/peerage/

http://www.stirnet.com/

http://library.wellcome.ac.uk/doc_WTL039920.html

http://www.electricscotland.com/

http://www.chinet.com/~laura/html/titles02.html

http://worldroots.com/

http://members.fortunecity.com/chtii/irish/pborders.htm

http://www.british-history.ac.uk/

www.royalsoc.co.uk/

http://www3.dcs.hull.ac.uk/genealogy/royal/gedFx.html

http://www.angeltowns.com/town/peerage/

http://www.pellew.com/Exmouth/Exmouth.htm

http://www.hulthenhem.se/peer/

http://www.bigenealogy.com/peerage/page1.htm

 

Placed on the Napoleon Series: April 2007

 

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