Research Subjects: Miscellaneous


 

Peerage of England (Until 1707)

Peerage of Scotland (Until 1707)

Peerage of Ireland (Until 1707)

Sources

 

The British Peerage in 1818: Peerages 271 - 284: Viscountcies in the Peerages of England, Scotland and Ireland

By Stephen Millar 

The title of viscount ranks second-lowest in the British peerage, preceeding the title of baron. In 1818, there was a grand total of 66 viscountcies, of which one had been created in the peerage of England, two created in the peerage of Scotland and 11 created in the peerage of Ireland.

In the peerage of Scotland - in contrast to the other peerages - viscounts are styled 'Viscount of Arbuthnott' (not 'Viscount Arbuthnott' or Viscount Arbuthnott ofˇ­).

In the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Eras, three viscountcies became extinct: Tracy, Montague and Wenman of Tuam. The viscounty of Tracy (created 12.01.1643; Ireland) became extinct with the death of Henry Leigh Tracy, 8th Viscount Tracy, on 29.04.1797. The viscountcy of Montague (created 02.09.1554; England) became extinct with the death of Mark Anthony Browne, 9th Viscount Montague, on 27.11.1797. The viscounty of Wenman of Tuam (created 30.07.1628; Ireland) became extinct with the death of Philip Wenman, 7th Viscount Wenman of Tuam, on 26.03.1800.

In 1818, one viscountcy was held by a woman: Massereene. Harriet Skeffington, 9th Viscountess of Massereene held the title until her death in 1831.

I. Peerage of England (until 1707)

One creation by King Edward VI of England (28.01.1547-06.07.1553):

271. Hereford (created 02.02.1550; England)

Henry Fleming Lea Devereux, 14th Viscount Herford (09.02.1777-31.05.1843), inherited his title from his father, George Devereux, 13th Viscount Hereford, on 31.12.1804.

II. Peerage of Scotland (until 1707)

One creation by King James I of England (24.03.1603-27.03.1625):

272. Falkland (created 14.11.1620; Scotland)

Lucius Bentinck Cary, 10th Viscount of Falkland (05.11.1803-12.03.1884), inherited his title from his father, Captain Charles John Cary RN, 9th Viscount of Falkland, who died of wounds from a duel on 02.03.1809.

One creation by King Charles I of England (27.03.1625-30.01.1649):

273. Arbuthnott (created 16.11.1641; Scotland)

John Arbuthnott, 8th Viscount of Arbuthnott (16.01.1778-10.01.1860), inherited his title from his father, John Arbuthnott, 7th Viscount of Arbuthnott, on 27.02.1800.

III. Peerage of Ireland (until 1707)

One creation by King Edward IV of England (04.03.1461-03.10.1470 and 11.04.1471-09.04.1483):

274. Gormanston (created 07.08.1478; Ireland)

Jenico Preston, 12th Viscount Gormanston (04.01.1775-10.02.1860), inherited his title from Anthony Preston, 11th Viscount Gormanston, on 15.12.1786.

One creation by King James I of England (24.03.1603-27.03.1625):

275. Dillon (created 16.03.1622; Ireland)

Henry Augustus Dillon-Lee, 13th Viscount Dillon (28.10.1777-24.07.1832), inherited his title from his father, Charles Dillon-Lee, 12th Viscount Dillon, on 09.11.1813.

Seven creations by King Charles I of England (27.03.1625-30.01.1649):

276. Netterville (created 03.04.1622; Ireland)

John Netterville, 6th Viscount Netterville (1744-15.03.1826), inherited his title from Nicholas Netterville, 5th Viscount Netterville, on 19.03.1751.

277. Kilmorey (created 08.04.1625; Ireland)

Francis Needham, 12th Viscount Kilmorey (05.04.1748-21.11.1832), inherited his title from his brother, Robert  Needham, 11th Viscount Kilmorey, on 30.11.1818.

278. Strangford (created 17.07.1628; Ireland)

Precy Clinton Sydney Smythe, 6th Viscount Strangford (31.08.1780-29.05.1855), inherited his title from his father, Lionel Smythe, 5th Viscount Strangford, on 01.10.1801.

279. Ranelagh (created 25.08.1628; Ireland)

Thomas Jones, 6th Viscount Ranelagh (03.02.1763-04.07.1820), inherited his title from his brother, Captain Charles Jones RN, 5th Viscount Ranelagh, on 20.12.1800.

280. FitzWilliam of Meryon (created 05.08.1629; Ireland)

John FitzWilliam, 8th Viscount FitzWilliam of Meryon (21.10.1752-10.1830), inherited his title from his brother, Richard FitzWilliam, 7th Viscount FitzWilliam of Meryon, on 04.02.1816.

281. Bulkeley of Cashel (created 19.01.1644; Ireland)

Thomas James [Warren-]Bulkeley, 7th Viscount Bulkeley of Cashel (12.12.1752-03.06.1822), inherited his title at birth from his father, James Bulkeley, 6th Viscount Bulkeley of Cashel, who had died on 23.04.1752 (aged 35).

282. Barnewall of Kingsland (created 29.06.1646; Ireland)

Matthew Barnewall, 6th Viscount Barnewall of Kingsland (died 15.11.1834) inherited his title in 1814, after the House of Lords decided he was the legal heir of George Barnewall, 5th Viscount Barnewall of Kingsland (who had died on 05.04.1800).

Two creations by King Charles II of England (08.05.1660-06.02.1685):

283. Massereene (created 21.11.1660; Ireland)

Harriet Skeffington, 9th Viscountess of Massereene (died 02.01.1831) inherited her title from her father, Chichester Skeffington, 4th Earl of Massereene, on 25.02.1816.

284. Downe (created 19.02.1681; Ireland)

John Christopher Burton Dawnay, 5th Viscount Downe (15.11.1764-18.02.1832), inherited his title from John Dawnay, 4th Viscount Downe, on 21.12.1780.

Sources:

http://www.thepeerage.com/p1741.htm#i17410

http://www.freewebs.com/peerage/

http://www.stirnet.com/

http://library.wellcome.ac.uk/doc_WTL039920.html

http://www.electricscotland.com/

http://www.chinet.com/~laura/html/titles02.html

http://worldroots.com/

http://members.fortunecity.com/chtii/irish/pborders.htm

http://www.british-history.ac.uk/

www.royalsoc.co.uk/

http://www3.dcs.hull.ac.uk/genealogy/royal/gedFx.html

http://www.angeltowns.com/town/peerage/

http://www.hereditarytitles.com/

 

Placed on the Napoleon Series: September 2006

 

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