Research Subjects: Biographies

Russian Generals of the Napoleonic Wars: Lieutenant General Carl Baggovut

By Alexander Mikaberidze, FINS


Lieutenant General Carl Baggovut

Lieutenant General Carl Baggovut

(27 September 1761, Pergel, Eastland – 18 October 1812, Tarutino)

Carl Baggovut was born to an ancient Norwegian family, settled in Eastland gubernia. He joined the Russian army on 4 April 1779 and served as a lieutenant in the Tobolsk Infantry Regiment. On 12 September 1779, he was transferred to the 2nd Battalion of the Finland Jager Corps. In January 1781, he was transferred to the Dnieper Regiment in the south of Russia and fought against the Crimean Tatars. He was soon promoted to captain and transferred to the Siberia Grenadier Regiment. Baggovut took part in another Russo-Turkish War in 1787 and fought at Salchi and Bender in late 1789. On 21 February 1791 he retired because of poor health and was conferred the rank of premier major. However, he returned to the army the next year and served in Poland as a volunteer. He distinguished himself in several engagements, including on the River Bug and at Dubenka, and was reinstated in his rank and joined the Siberia Grenadier Regiment on 25 December 1792. He fought the Poles near Warsaw in the Spring of 1794 and then commanded a detachment in the actions at Kotommo (1 May), Belyi (26 May), Lishanov (1 August), and Galkovo (9 August). He took part in the battle at Maciejowice on 10 October, where General Fersen defeated Thaddeus Konsciusko, and was promoted to lieutenant colonel. Baggovut then served under Suvorov during the rest of campaign and fought at Praga and Warsaw. In May 1795, he became commander of the 1st Battalion of the Belorussia Jager Regiment. Two years later he commanded 14th Jager Regiment. In February 1798 he was promoted to colonel and became chef of the 14th Jagers in January 1799. On 9 February 1799, he became a major general. In August 1800, Baggovut retired again. He returned to service in August 1801 and became chef of the 4th Jager Regiment on 17 November. Baggovut joined Bennigsen’s troops in 1806 and fought at Pultusk on 26 December. For this battle, he was awarded Order of St. George (3rd Class) and the Prussian Order of Red Eagle. In February 1807, Baggovut fought at Eylau and was wounded in the chest and awarded Order of St. Anna (1st Class). He fought at Guttstadt, on the Passarga River and at Heilsberg. He was seriously wounded at Friedland on 14 June 1807. For his actions during the 1807 Campaign, Baggovut was promoted to lieutenant general on 24 December 1807. In the Spring of 1808, he joined the Russian troops in Finland and commanded the 5th Division. He fought at Iverismo (near Abo), in June 1808 and then at Helsing on 27 September 1808. In 1812, Baggovut commanded the 2nd Infantry Corps of the 1st Western Army and fought at Valutino in August 1812. At Borodino, Baggovut’s corps was on the Russian right flank and marched to reinforce Bagration’s troops on the left, where his timely arrival helped Russians to contain the French attacks. Baggovut was awarded Order of Alexander of Neva for this battle. However, he was mortally wounded at Tarutino in October 1812, when he was leading the flanking maneuver. He was buried at the Lavrentiev Monastery in Kaluga.

Placed on the Napoleon Series: September 2002; Updated November 2003.


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