Research Subjects: Biographies

Russian Generals of the Napoleonic Wars: Lieutenant General Aleksey Nikolaevich Bakhmetyev

By Alexander Mikaberidze, FINS

(1774, Penza gubernia – 27 October 1841, Podolsk gubernia)

Aleksey Nikolaevich Bakhmetyev descended from a Tatar noble family living in Penza gubernia. He enlisted in the Life Guard Preobrazhensk Regiment on 21 September 1777 and was transferred to as ensign to the Life Guard Izmailovsk Regiment on 13 January 1790. He participated in the Russo-Swedish War of 1788-1790. He was promoted to colonel in December 1798 and to major general on 12 April 1800 with appointment of chef of the Siberia Grenadier Regiment. In 1805, he took part in the expedition to the south Italy, and in 1806-1811 he served in the Danube Valley against the Turks. He distinguished himself at Giurgiu, Obilesti, Braila in 1807, at Girsov, Rassevat, Tataritsa (where he was seriously wounded and received the Order of St. George (3rd Class) 6 August 1810), Silistra and Shumla in 1809-1810. He was seriously wounded during the assault on Ruse in 1810, where he commanded General Uvarov’s reserves and spent rest of campaign recuperating. On 29 January 1811, he was appointed commander of 26th Division, and on 12 April was given command of the 23rd Division. In 1812, his division was attached to the 4th Corps of the 1st Western Army. He fought at Ostrovno, Smolensk, and Zabolotye. At Borodino, he was seriously wounded when a cannonball ripped off his right leg. For his courage, he was promoted to lieutenant general on 12 November 1812 with a seniority starting on 5 September 1812. After recuperating from the wounded, he became governor of Kamenets-Podolsk on 8 April 1814. Two years later he served as governor of Bessarabia. He was promoted to general of infantry on 24 December 1823. In 1828 he was appointed governor of Nizhegorod, Kazan, Simbirsk, and Penza gubernias and became member of the State Council. In addition to mentioned decorations, Bakhmetyev also had Order of Alexander of Neva, a medal for “XLV years of Distinguished Service” and a golden sword with diamonds for courage.

Placed on the Napoleon Series: September 2002; updated November 2003.


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