Research Subjects: Biographies

Russian Generals of the Napoleonic Wars: Lieutenant General Ivan Semenovich Dorokhov

By Alexander Mikaberidze, FINS

(1762 – 8 May 1815)

General Lieutenant Ivan Semyonovich Dorokhov

Lieutenant General Ivan Dorokhov

Ivan Semenovich Dorokhov graduated from the Engineer Cadet Corps and joined the Smolensk Infantry Regiment in 1787. He distinguished himself in the campaign against the Turks in 1788-1789, in particular in actions at Maksimeni on the Siret River (May 1789), at Focsani (2 August), and Rimnic (23 September), and served as duty officer to Field Marshal Alexander Suvorov. For his actions, he was promoted to captain. In July 1791, he fought at Macin. In 1794, Dorokhov took part in campaign against the Poles. In April 1794, he with a company and a gun, defended Warsaw for 36 hours against numerically superior Polish troops and was twice wounded. In October, he fought at Matsevitsy and in November, participated in the assault on Praga. For his actions, he was promoted to second major and awarded a golden cross. In 1798, Dorokhov was promoted to colonel and retired from the military. He returned to service in March 1802. From June 1802 to August 1803, he commanded Sumsk Hussar Regiment and was promoted to major general (August 1803). In September 1803-September 1814 he was chef of the Izumsk Hussar Regiment and participated in the campaigns against the French. He fought at Pultusk and following actions, being wounded at Hof. He distinguished himself commanding the Izumsk Hussars and the regiment was awarded silver trumpets of St. George. In 1808-1809 Dorokhov commanded the coastal defense on the Baltic Sea. In 1812, Dorokhov commanded the advance guard of 4th Corps at Orany. In late June, while retreating Dorokhov was cut off from the main forces and fought several actions against the French at Olshani and Bolshie Solechniki. He later joined Bagration’s army and followed it to Smolensk, where he was wounded. He commanded the cavalry of the rear guard and covered the Russian retreat to Borodino. At Borodino, Dorokhov was attached to the 2nd Cavalry Corps and distinguished himself at Bagration’s fleches. For his actions, he was promoted to lieutenant general. After Borodino, Dorokhov once again led the rear guard and covered the retreat of the main army and fought at Znamensky on 19 September. He then harassed the French supply lines between Smolensk and Moscow. In October, Dorokhov was dispatched by Kutuzov to take Vereya (some 60 miles from Moscow), which he captured with its garrison (400 private, 15 officers, including the military governor) on 11 October. For this action, he was awarded a golden sword with diamonds and the inscription “For Liberation of Vereya.” He then commanded the troops on the Kaluga road and was the first to report to Kutuzov on Napoleon’s advance on this route. He fought at the battle of Maloyaroslavets and was badly wounded in the left leg. He had to retire from the service and died of the complications of his wound on 8 May 1815 at Tula and was buried at local cathedral in Vereya.

For more information see: General Lieutenant Ivan Semyonovich Dorokhov (1762-1815)

Placed on the Napoleon Series: November 2002


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