Research Subjects: Biographies


Russian Generals of the Napoleonic Wars: Major General Baron Vladimir Ivanovich Lowenstern

By Alexander Mikaberidze, FINS

(1777, Razik, Estland – 2 February 1858)

Baron Vladimir Ivanovich Lowenstern was born to an ancient noble family in Estland. He graduated from Revel Academy for Nobles and was enlisted as a sergeant in the Life Guard Semeyonovsky Regiment in 1793, serving as aide-de-camp to General Count Saltykov. In December 1794, he was transferred to the horse guard and the next year, he served in the Ukraine Light Cavalry Regiment (later Starodoub Cuirassiers). In 1798 - 1799, he participated in campaign against the French on the Rhine, and in 1800, he took part in Count Pahlen’s expedition along the Baltic Sea. In 1802, he retired because of poor health and returned to active service in 1812, serving as senior aide-de-camp to General Barclay de Tolly. In 1813, he was promoted to lieutenant colonel and served as aide-de-camp to Lieutenant General Vorontsov. In 1815, Lowenstern was promoted to colonel and was appointed to the Akhtyrsk Hussar Regiment. In 1815 - 1818, he served in Vorontsov’s Corps and then commanded the Russian troops in France in 1819. After his return to Russia, he was transferred to civil service on 12 May 1823. He returned to military service and was appointed military governor of Revel on 26 September 1826. He was promoted to major general on 18 December 1826 and served in the 3rd Dragoon Division. In April 1828, he was given command of the 2nd Brigade of the 3rd Uhlan Division. He retired in January 1838 and spent the next 20 years in St. Petersburg, where he died on 2 February 1858. He wrote several recollections interesting for their details. His “Zapiski” were published in several parts in Russkaya Starina and his “Denkwurdigkeiten eines Livlanders aus den Jahren 1790-1815,” published in Leipzig in 1858.

Placed on the Napoleon Series: November 2002; updated December 2003.

 

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