Research Subjects: Biographies


Russian Generals of the Napoleonic Wars: Major General Ivan Feodorovich Paskevich

By Alexander Mikaberidze, FINS

 

Major General Ivan Paskevich

Major General Ivan Paskevich

(19 May 1782 – 1 February 1856)

Ivan Feodorovich Paskevich, the Count of  Erivan and Prince of Warsaw, was born on 19 May 1782. He entered the Russian Army through the Imperial Institution for Pages in 1800. Paskevich gained  experience fighting against the Turks in 1806–1812. In 1812, he commanded 26th Infantry Division under General Peter Bagration and distinguished himself at the battle of Moghilev against Marshal Louis Davout. He fought at Borodino and took part in the 1813-1814 Campaigns in Europe. Paskevich eventually became one of Emperor Nicholas I's closest associates, who called him ”Father General.” He was appointed governor and military commander-in-chief of the Caucasus in 1827. During the Russo-Persian war, he captured the fortress of Erivan in October 1827 and was rewarded with the title Count of Erivan. He forced the Persians to cede the provinces of Nakhichevan and Erivan to Russia. During the Russo-Turkish War of 1828–29, Paskevich captured strategic Turkish fortresses on the Danube that were later annexed by Russia under the Treaty of Adrianople. Promoted to Field Marshal  in 1829, he was transferred to Poland in June 1831 to suppress the Polish rebels. For his success against the Poles, Paskevich was given the title Prince of Warsaw and appointed Viceroy of Poland, where he served from 1832 - 1856. When the Austrian Emperor requested military assistance from Russia during the Revolutions of 1848, Paskevich commanded the Russian troops that invaded Hungary in June, 1849. He defeated the Hungarians in several engagements and forced them to surrender at Világos on 13 August 1849. During the Crimean War, Paskevich briefly commanded the Russian armies in the Western Zone (April–June 1854). However, he was relieved of his post after he was defeated by the Turks at Silistra on 8 June 1854. He died on 1 February 1856.

Placed on the Napoleon Series: September 2002

 

Index to the Biographical Dictionary of Russian Generals during the Napoleonic Wars ]



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