Research Subjects: Biographies

Russian Generals of the Napoleonic Wars: Lieutenant General Egor Karlovich Sivers (Syvers)

By Alexander Mikaberidze, FINS

(28 August 1779 – 1827)

Egor Karlovich Sivers (Syvers) graduated from the Page Corps in 1799 and served as lieutenant in the Life Guard Izmailovsk Regiment. In 1800-1801 he was promoted to staff captain and captain, but then resigned to pursue an academic career. For the next five years, he studied at various universities in Germany and returned to the service in 1806 as colonel of the 1st Pioneer Regiment. He served in this regiment for next six years and during the 1812 Campaign was in charge of communication and supply lines of Wittgenstein’s Corps. For his effective service he received the Order of  St. Anna (2nd Class) with diamonds, the Order of  St. Vladimir (3rd Class), and was promoted to major general. In 1813, Sivers was appointed chief engineer of the acting army and participated in the 1813 Campaign. He commanded the siege works at Erfurt and was trusted with choosing the crossing site over the Rhine prior to the invasion of France. In 1814 Campaign, he fought at Brienne, fortified Langres and Nojan and secured the Allied supply lines. For his actions, he was awarded The Order of  St. Anna (1st Class) and of St. Vladimir (2nd Class). While in Paris, Sivers got acquainted with the French engineering and Emperor Alexander instructed him to establish contacts between the European and Russian engineer schools. In 1816, Sivers joined the staff of the Engineer Corps and was then transferred as chief engineer to the 1st Army. In 1817, he was appointed chairman of the commission to draft engineer manuals for the military colonies. In 1819, Sivers became chief of the engineer section of Military-Educational [Voenno-uchebnii] Committee of the General Headquarters, and the next year, he was head of the General Engineer Institute. For his excellent service in this institute, Sivers received diamond signs of the Order of  St. Anna (1st Class). In 1821, he became member of the council on the military colonies and two other committees on the transportation and communications. He was awarded a golden snuffbox with the encrusted portrait of Emperor Alexander. In 1825, Sivers was promoted to lieutenant general. Until his death in 1827, he worked in various committees on the educational system.

Placed on the Napoleon Series: May 2003


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