Research Subjects: Biographies

Russian Generals of the Napoleonic Wars: Lieutenant General Andrei Andreevich (Gideon Henrich) Zass (Zass I)

By Alexander Mikaberidze, FINS

(1776 - 28 January 1830, Warsaw)

Andrei Andreevich Zass was born to a noble family in Lifland gubernia; son of Lieutenant General Andey Pavlovich Zass. He was enlisted as vakhmistr in Life Guard Cavalry Regiment on 12 January 1787. In March 1792, he was transferred to Kiev Horse Jager Regiment and took part in the campaign in Poland, including battles at Slonim and the capture of Warsaw (for which he received the Cross for Praga). He received a golden cross and was promoted to second major in 1794. He was transferred to the Military Order Cuirassiers Regiment with a rank of premier major on 18 February 1797. He retired in 1804-1806, and returned to active service in early 1807 to join the Pskov Dragoons in the campaign in Poland. He fought at Guttstadt, Heilsberg and Friedland, receiving Order of St. Vladimir (4th Class) . He was promoted to colonel on 27 April 1810 and given command of the Pskov Dragoon Regiment on 31 July 1810. In 1812, he served in the 6th Brigade of the 2nd Cavalry Division of the 2nd Reserve Cavalry Corps of the 1st Western Army. He fought at Borodino (and received the Order of. St. George, 4th Class) and was wounded to left hand at Mozhaisk on 9 September. After recuperating, he joined the army in late 1812 and participated in 1813 Campaign in Germany. He fought at Kalisch, Lutzen, Bautzen, and Dresden before being wounded in the right thigh at Kulm. For his actions, he received the Iron Cross and was promoted to major general on 27 September, with seniority since 29 August 1813. In October, he fought at Leipzig. In the following year, he took part in the invasion of France. On 2 October 1814, he was given command of the 2nd Brigade of the 2nd Cuirassier Division. After Napoleonís return in 1815, he was sent to join Allied forces in France, arriving in Paris after the battle of Waterloo. In February 1820, Zass was appointed commander of the 1st Horse Jager Division. Six years later, he became lieutenant general (3 September) and received command of the 2nd Cuirassier Division. On 31 December 1827, he was transferred to command the 2nd Dragoon Division and participated in the Russo-Turkish War of 1828-1829. He distinguished himself at Kulevchy on 20 June 1829 and was awarded a golden sword for courage. Next year, he was dispatched to suppress the Polish uprising, but died from cholera during the epidemic in Warsaw.

Placed on the Napoleon Series: October 2002; updated December 2003.


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