Research Subjects: Biographies

Russian Generals of the Napoleonic Wars: Lieutenant General Peter Fedorovich Zheltukhin

By Alexander Mikaberidze, FINS

(1777, Kazan – date of death unknown; excluded from rosters on 6 November 1829)

Peter Fedorovich Zheltukhinwas born to a noble family in Kazan gubernia. He began service in the Life Guard Izmailovsky Regiment in 1796 and was promoted to ensign the following year. During the 1805 Campaign, he was a captain and fought at Austerlitz, receiving a golden sword with the inscription “For Courage”. He was promoted to colonel in 1806. The next year he was wounded at Friedland and awarded the Order of St. George (4th Class) and the Prussian Pour le Merite. During the Russo-Swedish War, he served as the commanding officer of the Life Guard Grenadier Regiment and commanded the 1st Brigade of the 1st Grenadier Division. In 1812, he served in the Life Guard Grenadier Regiment, which was attached to the 1st Brigade of the 1st Grenadier Division of the 3rd Corps of the 1st Western Army. He distinguished himself at Borodino, Maloyaroslavets, and Krasnyi, receiving the Order of St. George (3rd Class, 15 June 1813). He was also promoted to major general on 3 December 1812 with seniority from 7 September 1812. During the 1813 Campaign, he fought at Bautzen and Leipzig, receiving the Prussian Pour Merite and the Order of Red Eagle (2nd Class) and the following year, he took part in capture of Paris. After the war, he was given command of the Life Guard Grenadier Regiment on 18 July 1817 and was later appointed commander of the 1st Brigade of the 2nd Grenadier Division on 30 April 1819. In 1819-1823, he served as Chief-of-Staff of the Guard Corps and was appointed to the Imperial entourage in April 1823. After Alexander’s death, he retired in January 1825 with a full pension. However, he returned to service two years later (24 January 1827), was promoted to lieutenant general and appointed military governor of Kiev on 9 February 1827. During the Russo-Turkish War of 1829, Zheltukhin was instrumental in supplying the troops. He was nominated as representative of the divans of Moldavia and Wallachia during the Russo-Turkish negotiations. He died on 23 December 1829 during a fever epidemic. In addition to mentioned awards, Zheltukhin also received the Order of St. Anna (1st Class) with diamonds, the Order of St. Vladimir (2nd Class) and two golden swords for courage.

Placed on the Napoleon Series: November 2002; updated November 2003.


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