Eylau: Precis Des Travaux de la Grande Armée
The Franco – Russian Peace Treaty of 1806
No. XL. – Copy of the peace treaty concluded in Paris, July 28, 1806, between H. M. Emperor of the French, king of Italy, and S. M. emperor of all the Russias.
H. M. Emperor of the French, king of Italy, and S. M. emperor of all Russias wanting to stop the overflowing of blood caused by the war which takes place between their respective States and subjects, and wanting moreover to contribute mutually as much as it is in them with the general pacification of Europe, resolved to conclude a final peace treaty, and named in consequence of this, plenipotentiaries, acknowledge:
H. M. Emperor of the French, King of Italy, Mr. Henri-Jacques Guillaume Clarke, major general, adviser-of state and secretary of the cabinet, grand-officer of the Legion of honor,
And H. M. Emperor of all Russias, Mr. Pierre d’ Oubril, his adviser-of state and knight of the orders of Saint-Vladimir of the third class, Sainte-Anne of the second, and Saint-Jean of Jerusalem;
Who, after having exchanged their credentials, are agreed hereafter of the following articles:
Art. Ist. There will be, as from this day, peace and friendship for perpetuity between H. M. Emperor of the French, King of Italy, and H. M. emperor of all Russias, their heirs and successors, their respective States and subjects.
II. In consequences of the I.st. article, the hostilities between the two nations will cease as of present by all parties, both on ground and on sea.
The orders necessary for this suspension will be dispatched within the twenty-four hours which will follow the signature of this treaty. All battlements of war or others pertaining to one of two powers or to their subjects respective, and which will be taken in some part of the World that it is, after the signature of this final treaty, will be restored.
III. The Russian troops will give to the French troops the territory known under the name of Bay of Cattaro, which belongs, as well as Dalmatia, to H. M. Emperor of the French, likewise King of Italy, in virtue article IV of the treaty of Presbourg.
The Russian troops will have all the suitable facilities to evacuate either the Bay of Cattaro, or the territories of Ragusa, Montenegro and Dalmatia, if the circumstances of the war had engaged them to enter there.
At the very moment of the signing of this treaty, the respective commanders of ground and sea will get along mutually, either for the evacuation, or for the handing-over of the countries indicated within the present treaty.
On the other hand, the French troops would also evacuate the Turkish territory of Montenegro, if the circumstances of the war had led them there.
IV. H. M. Emperor of the French, King of Italy, agrees, according to the request for H. M. emperor of all Russias, and by regard for it:
Io. To return to the republic of Ragusa its independence, so that it enjoys it as in the past, under the guarantee of the Porte-Ottoman.
The French will keep the position of Stagno near the island of Sabioncello, in order to ensure their communications with Cattaro.
2o. To cease any hostility against the Montenegrins, as from the date of this treaty, as long as they will live peacefully and as subjects of the Porte. They will have to be withdrawn without delay in their country, and H. M. Emperor Napoleon promises to worry them nor to seek for the share that they can have taken with the hostilities made in the State of Ragusa and the adjacent regions.
V. The independence of Sept-Isles is recognized by the two powers.
The Russian troops currently in the Mediterranean will be withdrawn in Ionian Islands. H. M. emperor of all Russias, in the intention to give new evidence of his sincere wishes for peace, will not maintain there beyond four thousand of his troops that he will withdraw when it considers it suitable.
VI. The independence of the Porte-Ottoman is reciprocally promised, and the two high contracting parties mutually begin to maintain it as well as the integrity of its territory.
VII. At once that the order for the evacuation of the Bay of Cattaro is accomplished consequent of the final peace treaty, all reasons for war end, and in as part of the treaty the French troops will evacuate Germany. H. M. Emperor Napoleon declares that in three months at the latest, from the signature of this treaty, all its troops will have returned to French territory.
VIII. The two high contracting parties begin to join together their good offices to put an end to the rather possible state of war between Prussia and Sweden.
IX. The two high contracting parties wanting to facilitate, as much as it is in them, the return of maritime peace, H. M. Emperor of the French, king of Italy, will with pleasure see the good offices of H. M. Emperor of all Russias for this object.
X. The relations of trade between the subjects of the two empires will be restored in the state where they were before the time of the disagreement that disturbed and stopped them.
XI. The prisoners of the two nations will be given in mass to the agents of their government, immediately after the exchange of the ratifications.
XII. The re-establishment of respective legations and the ceremonies between two high contracting parties will take place in conformity of what was of use before the war.
XIII. The ratifications of this treaty will be exchanged in twenty-five days with Petersburg, by the two people duly authorized for this purpose, on both sides.
Fact and signed in Paris, July 28, 1806.
Signed CLARKE, PIERRE dOUBRIL.
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