Allied Order-of-Battle at Dresden: 26 - 27 August 1813
There is little reliable online data about the Allied forces present at the Battle of Dresden. Schwarzenburg’s command on 26-27 August consisted of his Army of Bohemia along with Barclay de Tolly’s Russian and Prussian troops. Information dating from April and early August 1813 is available; however, subsequent changes before 26 August make these orders-of-battle of limited use to researchers.
In particular, Russian divisional, brigade and regimental data for the Napoleonic Wars is often unavailable, inaccurate or too broad in scope. Information on the Russian Army at the Battle of Borodino in 1812 is somewhat better, but if details are required, researchers should consult available primary and secondary print sources.
The Prussian infantry brigades in GL von Kleist’s II Corps each have two “command” officers (GM Georg von Pirch and OBL Friedrich-Wilhelm-Christian-Ludwig von Jagow are listed with 10th Brigade). The first officer is the “brigadechef” (head of the brigade); the second officer is the “brigadekommandeur” (brigade field-commander). In the Austrian and Prussian armies, this practice was more common on the regimental level; units bore the name of their colonel-in-chief, but were commanded in the field by another officer. To cite an example, the Austrian Infantry Regiment Graf Albrecht Gyulai von Maros-Nemeth und Nadaska Nr. 21 was commanded by OB Muller von Hohenthal.
In common with other Napoleonic coalition armies, the composition and command structure of Schwarzenburg’s tri-national force at Dresden was complicated and cumbersome. In addition, the Allied sovereigns of Prussia, Russia and Austria were present during the battle, each exercising influence over their national military affairs (a similar situation had faced GI Mikhail Illarionovich Kutusov eight years before at the Battle of Austerlitz).
In general terms, Schwarzenburg’s strength (minus detachments) was about 120,000 men on the first day of the battle, rising to a total of about 170,000 on the final day. Historian David Chandler gives a total of 38,000 Allied casualties/losses for the two-day battle.
Army of Bohemia (Austrians)
Army Reserve (Russians and Prussians)
Allied Commander-in-Chief: Schwarzenburg, FM Karl-Philipp, Furst zu
Chief of Staff: Radetzky von Radetz, FML Johann-Josef-Wenzel-Anton-Franz-Karl, Graf
Artillery: Reisner, FML Anton, Freiherr von
Placed on the Napoleon Series: August 2004