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The British Army Stationed in British North America 1812-1815

By Ron McGuigan

Appendix 3: Canadian Volunteer Units Formed from the Sedentary Militia 1812-1813

For the sedentary militia [the men behind the ploughs], the available numbers for Upper Canada were 11,000 [recommended to arm only 4,000], while� Lower Canada had an estimated 50,000 - 60,000 [2,000 had been embodied for training]. Available militia was Nova Scotia with 11,000 [6,000 armed and being trained] and New Brunswick with 4,000; Prince Edward Island and Cape Breton Island were negligible.

From these sedentary militia units, there were also Canadian units formed, in 1812 and 1813, either by volunteering or by ballot. Some were volunteer units and some were to be designated the� flank companies of many of the larger Canadian Militia Regiments, planned to remain embodied for longer periods than the sedentary militia were allowed. When called out for service, they could stay embodied when the sedentary militia was allowed to go home. The Volunteer Incorporated Militia Battalion of Upper Canada, militiamen meant to stay embodied for the duration of the war, was only formed from volunteers in March 1813. In Lower Canada the raising of the Select Embodied Militia Battalions by volunteers began in the spring of 1812. Smaller volunteer units of troop and company strength are not listed.

Provincial Corps of Light Infantry� [1 April 1812] [Note: 8]

Frontier Light Infantry [20 July 1813 small militia unit attached to the Corps of Light Infantry]

Volunteer Incorporated Militia Battalion of Upper Canada [March 1813]

1st Lower Canadian Embodied Militia Battalion [8 May 1812]

2nd Lower Canadian Embodied Militia Battalion [25 May 1812]

3rd Lower Canadian Embodied Militia Battalion [25 May 1812]

4th Lower Canadian Embodied Militia Battalion [25 May 1812]

5th Lower Canadian Embodied Militia Battalion [21 September 1812; later Canadian Chasseurs]

6th Lower Canadian Embodied Militia Battalion [25 February 1813 - 4 September 1814]

7th Lower Canadian Sedentary Embodied Militia Battalion [gone by November 1813]

8th Lower Canadian Sedentary Embodied Militia Battalion [gone by November 1813]

 

Notes:

8. Commonly known as Canadian Voltigeurs

 

 

Placed on the Napoleon Series: December 2004

 

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