41e R.I.L.

42e R.I.L.

43e R.I.L.

44e R.I.L.

45e R.I.L.

46e R.I.L.

47e R.I.L.

48e R.I.L.

49e R.I.L.

50e R.I.L.

Bibliography

French Infantry Regiments and the Colonels who Led Them: 1791 to 1815

Part V: 41e - 50e Regiments

By Tony Broughton, FINS

41e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Regimental History

1634: Created
1659: Regiment Mazarin-Francais (formed from)

Regiment d'Huxelles and Regiment de Riberpe

1661: Regiment de la Reine
1791: 41e Regiment de Infanterie
1793: 41e demi-brigade de bataille (formed from the following)

1er bataillon 20e Regiment de Infanterie
2e bataillon Volontaires du Doubs
4e bataillon Volontaires de l'Eure

1796: 41e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne (formed from the following)

2e bataillon Volontaires du Gard
1er bataillon Volontaires de la Charente-Inferieure
3e bataillon Volontaires du Moribhan
4e bataillon Volontaires de l'Aisne
7e bataillon Volontiares des Federes-Nationaux
7e bataillon Volontaires de Paris
4e bataillon de l'Legion de Police

1803: There was no 41e Regiment d'Infanterie during the period of Empire

Colonels and Chef-de-Brigade

1791: De Carbonnie (Marc) - Colonel
1791: De Verges (Guillaume de La Grange) - Colonel
1794: Varennes (?) - Chef-de-Brigade
1796: Kolekrath (?) - Chef-de-Brigade
1799: Pechaux (Marie-Nicolas-Louis) - Chef de Brigade

One of the above officers attained the rank of General de Division

Pechaux (Marie-Nicolas-Louis)

Born: 28 January 1769
Chef-de-Brigade: 7 September 1799
General-de-Brigade: 23 June 1810
General-de-Division: 30 May 1813
Died: 1 November 1831

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 41e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

None

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1792: Saint-Dominqu
1795: Quiberon
1798: Malta
1799: Novi
1800: Malta and Genes

Battle Honours

Genes 1800

42e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Regimental History

1635: Created
1684: Regiment de Limousin
1791: 42e Regiment de Infanterie
1793: 42e demi-brigade de bataille (formed from the following)

2e bataillon 21e Regiment de Infanterie
3e bataillon Volontaires de la Correze
1er bataillon Volontaires des Amis du Bas-Rhin

1796: 42e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne (formed from the following)

31e demi-brigade de bataile (1er Bat, 16e Regt d'Inf, 1er and 2e Bat Vol Ille-et-Vilaine)

1803: 42e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonels and Chef de Brigade

1791: De Buonavita (Joseph) - Colonel
1791: De Closen (Jean-Cristophe-Louis-Frederic-Ignace) - Colonel
1792: De Maillard (Francois-Charles) - Colonel
1792: De Laisac (Guillaume-Ayroles Desangles) - Colonel
1794: Gaudet (Philibert) - Chef-de-Brigade
1796: Aubree (Rene-Francois-Jean) - Chef-de-Brigade
1799: Piolaine (Joseph-Marie) - Chef-de-Brigade
1803: Huard de Saint-Aubin (Leonard) - Colonel
1807: Espert de la Tour (Jean-Baptiste) - Colonel
1811: Rubillon (Rene-Jean-Baptiste) - Colonel
1814: Daries (Joseph-Hyacinthe) - Colonel
1815: Rubillon (Rene-Jean-Baptiste) - Colonel

Six of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade

Bonavita (Joseph)

Born: 19 August 1733
Colonel: 21 October 1791
General-de-Brigade: 15 May 1793
Died: ?

Closen (Jean-Cristophe-Louis-Frederic-Ignace de)

Born: 14 August 1755
Colonel: 23 November 1791
General-de-Brigade: 22 July 1792
Died: 1830

Gaudet (Philibert)

Born: 5 October 1755
Chef-de-Brigade: 23 June 1794
General-de-Brigade: ?
Died: 20 March 1795

Aubree (Rene-Francois-Jean)

Born: 23 June 1763
Chef-de-Brigade: 18 August 1794 (31e demi-brigade de bataille)
Chef-de-Brigade: 17 March 1796 (42e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne)
General-de-Brigade: 19 September 1799
Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 June 1804
Died: 1 December 1808 (Killed at Saragosse)

Huard de Saint-Aubin (Leonard)

Born: 11 January 1770
Chef-de-Brigade: 18 July 1800
Colonel: 1803
General-de-Brigade: 1 March 1807
Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 27 July 1807
Baron of the Empire: 21 November 1810
Died: 7 September 1812 (Killed at the Battle of La Moskowa)

Espert de Latour (Jean-Baptiste)

Born: 1 July 1764
Colonel: 10 November 1807
General-de-Brigade: 6 August 1811
Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 7 May 1811
Baron of the Empire: 17 March 1807
Died: 13 October 1815

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 42e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonel Rubillon: wounded 28 June 1815

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 42e Regiment d'Infanterie during the period 1804-1815

Officers killed: Nineteen
Officers died of wounds: Seven
Officers wounded: Eighty-nine

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1791: Sardaigne
1799: Bergen
1800: Biberach, Hohenlinden, Ulm, and Hochstedt
1806: Maida and Reggio
1807: Bologne and Verone
1809: Raab and Wagram
1810: Vich
1811: Tarragone, Lerida, and Mataro
1813: Tarragone, Tarvis, and Caldiero
1813: Bautzen, Lukau, Grossbeeren, and Dennewitz
1814: Monzambano, Taro, and Jacca
1815: Bonneville and Nantua

Battle Honours

Hohenlinden 1800, Girone 1809, and Tarragone 1811

43 Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Regimental History

1635: Created and named Royal des Vaisseaux)
1791: 43e Regiment de Infanterie
1793: 43e demi-brigade de bataille (formed from the following)

1er bataillon 22e Regiment de Infanterie
4e bataillon Volontaires de Seine-et-Oise
3e bataillon Volontaires du Lot

1796: 43e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne (formed from the following)

34e demi-brigade de bataille (2e Bat 18e Regt d'Inf, 3e Bat Vol de la Moselle and 5e Bat Vol de la Meurthe)
3e Bataillon 149e demi-brigade de bataille

1803: 43e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonels and Chef de Brigade

1791: De Kerkaradec (Joseph-Marie Rogon) - Colonel
1792: De Sicard (Anselme) - Colonel
1792: Verges (Francois) - Colonel
1794: Vare (Louis-Prix) - Chef-de-Brigade
1796: Barrere () - Chef-de-Brigade
1799: Bisson (Baptiste-Pierre-Francois) - Chef-de-Brigade
1799: Semelle (Jean-Baptiste-Pierre) - Chef-de-Brigade
1800: Vivies (Guillaume-Raymond-Amant) - Chef-de-Brigade
1805: Lemarois (Yves) - Colonel
1807: Bausssain (Jean-Claude) - Colonel
1811: Devez (Antoine) - Colonel
1813: Jacquemard (Nicolas) - Colonel
1813: Veller de Chef du Bois (Jean-Pierre-Rene-Stanislas) - Colonel

Six of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade and above

Verges (Francois)

Born: 29 October 1752
Colonel: 4 September 1792
General-de-Brigade: 15 May 1794
Died: 13 september 179

Vare (Louis-Prix)

Born: 21 January 1766
Chef-de-Brigade: 20 August 1794
General-de-Brigade: 29 August 1803
Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 June 1804
Died: 14 March 1807 (of wounds sustained at Thorn)

Bisson (Baptiste-Pierre-Francois)

Born: 16 February 1767
Chef-de-Brigade: 19 September 1794 (26e demi-brigade de bataille)
Chef-de-Brigade: 23 May 1796 (43e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne)
General-de-Brigade: 5 July 1800
General-de-Division: 1 February 1805
Grand Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 25 December 1805
Count of the Empire: 10 March 1810
Died: 26 July 1811

Semelle (Jean-Baptiste-Pierre)

Born: 16 June 1773
Chef-de-Brigade: 25 November 1799 (20e demi-brigade Legere)
Chef-de-Brigade: 19 August 1800 (43e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne)
General-de-Brigade: 10 November 1807
General-de-Division: 31 July 1811
Baron of the Empire: 1 June 1808
Died: 24 January 1839

Vivies (Guillaume-Raymond-Amant)

Born: 3 November 1763
Chef-de-Brigade: 26 October 1800
General-de-Brigade: 24 December 1805
Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 June 1804
Died: 12 January 1813 (while being held prisoner by the Russians)

Jacquemard (Nicolas)

Born: 10 February 1771
Colonel: 16 January 1813
General-de-Brigade: 15 March 1814
Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 April 1815
Died: 17 April 1835

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 43e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonel Le Marois: killed 8 February 1807
Colonel Baussin: wounded 10 June 1807, killed 27 February 1811
Colonel Devez: killed 14 April 1812
Colonel Veller de Chef du Bois: wounded 13 October 1813 and 10 November 1813

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 43e Regiment d'Infanterie during the period 1804-1815

Officers killed: Forty-two
Officers died of wounds: Eighteen
Officers wounded: One hundred and eighty-two

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1792: Valmy and Capture of Namur
1795: Loano
1796: Wurzburg
1797: Rivoli, La Favorite, and Valvassone
1800: Montebello, Marengo, and Pozzolo
1805: Ulm and Austerlitz
1806: Jena
1807: Eylau and Heilsberg
1808: Medina-del-Rio Secco, Bilbao, and Durango
1809: Santander and Ronda
1810: Capture of Ronda, Pampelune, and Aspiro
1811: Defence of Ronda, Villa-Nova-del-Duque, and Osuna
1812: Olora
1813: Vittoria, Bidassoa, Saint-Barbe, Nivelle, and Bayonnne
1813: Lutzen, Bautzen, Kulm, Leipzig, and Hanau
1814: Orthez and Toulouse
1814: Champaubert, Montmirail, Vauchamps,Laon, Reims, Fere-Champenois and Paris
1815: Saint-Gilles and Matha

Battle Honours

Marengo 1800 and Jena 1806

44e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Regimental History

1642: Created
1645: Named Regiment Mazarin-Italien
1651: Renamed Regiment Anjou-Etranger
1660: Renamed Regiment de Orleans
1791: 44e Regiment de Infanterie
1793: 44e demi-brigade de bataille (formed from the following)

2e bataillon 22e Regiment de Infanterie
2e bataillon Volontaires de la Correze
5e bataillon Volontaires de Rhone-et-Loire

1796: 44e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de ligne (formed from the following)

92e demi-brigade de bataille (2e Bat 46e Regt d'Inf, 5e Bat Vol de la Haute-Saone and 2e Bat Vol d'Eure-et-Loir)
2e and Depot bataillons 44e Regiment de Infanterie

1803: 44e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonels and Chef-de-Brigade

1791: De Chateigner (Charles de La Chateigneraie de Saint-Foix) - Colonel
1792: De Langrange (Jean-Charles Gerboult) - Colonel
1793: De Felix (Jean-Joseph Doyen) - Colonel
1794: Pencez (?) - Chef-de-Brigade
1796: Mainoni (Joseph-Antoine-Marie-Michel) - Chef-de-Brigade
1799: Offenstein (Francois-Joseph) - Chef-de-Brigade
1799: Saudeur (Adrien-Joseph) - Chef-de-Brigade and Colonel in 1803
1806: Lafosse (Jacque-Mathurin) - Colonel
1811: Griolet de Saint-Henry (Pierre-Elisabeth-Henri) - Colonel
1812: Paolini (Jean-Dominique) - Colonel

Four of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade and above

Mainoni (Joseph-Antoine-Marie-Michel)

Born: 29 September 1754
Chef-de-Brigade: 17 February 1796
General-de-Brigade: 19 November 1798
Died: 12 December 1807 (of wounds received at Marengo in 1800)

Offenstein (Francois-Joseph)

Born: 27 July 1760
General-de-Brigade: 30 July 1793
General-de-Division: 22 September 1793
General Offenstein was removed from these post by Representative of the People in 24 July 1794
Chef-de-Brigade: 28 June 1796 (10e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne)
Chef-de-Brigade: 24 June 1797 (77e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne)
Chef-de-Brigade: 28 April 1799(44e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne)
General-de-Brigade: 25 June 1807
Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 June 1804
Baron of the Empire: 28 May 1809
Died: 27 September 1837
It is interesting to note that General Offenstein was also Chef-de-Brigade of the following:
Chef-de-Brigade 12e Regiment Chasseurs a Cheval: 21 July 1799 Chef-de-Brigade 7e Regiment de Cavalerie (7e Regiment de Cuirassiers): 30 May 1800

Saudeur (Adrien-Joseph)

Born : 2 January 1764
Chef-de-Brigade: 5 August 1794 (154e demi-brigade de bataille)
Chef-de-Brigade: 28 March 1799 (44e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne)
General-de-Brigade: 30 December 1806
Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 15 June 1804
Died: 27 May 1813

Lafosse (Jacque-Mathurin)

Born: 10 March 1770
Colonel: 4 February 1807
General-de-Brigade: 6 July 1811
Baron of the Empire: 24 June 1808
Died: 17 May 1824

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 44e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonel Lafosse: wounded 10 May 1807

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 44e Regiment d'Infanterie during the period 1804-1815

Officers killed: Forty
Officers died of wounds: Twelve
Officers wounded: One hundred and nine

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1792: Valmy
1793: Kaiserlautern
1794: Fleurus
1799: Maienfeld, Martinsbruck, Remus, Sus, Zurich, Glarus, Klonthal, and Schwanden
1800: Marengo
1806: Jena and Pultusk
1807: Eylau, Ostrelenka, Dantzig, and Friedland
1808: Saragosse and Lerins
1809: Siege of Saragosse and Alcanitz
1810: Siege of Tortose
1811: Sanguessa and Valence
1812: Smoliany, Galopinski, and Borisow
1813: Yecla and Ordal
1814: Barcelone
1815: Ligny and Roquencourt

Battle Honours

Marengo 1800, Eylau 1807, and Saragosse 1808


45e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Regimental History

1643: Created as Regiment de la Reine-Mere
1666: Renamed Regiment d'Arois
1673: Renamed Regiment de la Couronne
1791: 45e Regiment de Infanterie
1793: 45e demi-brigade de bataille (formed from the following)

1er bataillon 23e Regiment de Ligne
1er bataillon Volontaires des Basse-Alpes
1er bataillon Volontires de la Lozere

1796: 45e demi-brgade d'Infanterie de Ligne (formed from the following)

100e demi-brigade de bataille (2e Bat 50e Regt d'Inf, 7e Bat Vol des Bouches-du-Rhone and Bat Vol de Tarascon)
105e demi-brigade de bataille (1er Bat, 53e Regt d'Inf and 1er and 2e Bat Vol du Gers)
Bataillon Volontaires des Basse-Alpes

1803: 45e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonels and Chef-de-Brigade

1791: Moyria (Joseph-Marie-Anne de) - Colonel
1792: Chalain (Charles-Antoine-Guillaume Blandin de) - Colonel
1793: Goullus (Francois) - Colonel
1794: Bourset () - Chef-de-Brigade
1795: Giraud (?) - Chef-de-Brigade
1796: Philippe (?) - Chef-de-Brigade
1799: Barrie (Jean-Leonard) - Chef-de-Brigade and Colonel in 1803
1811: Vare (Pierre-Louis) - Colonel
1813: Freytag (Jean-Daniel) - Colonel
1815: Chapuzet (Loius-Guillaume-Joseph) - Colonel

Three of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade

Chalain (Charles-Antoine-Guillaume Blandin de)

Born: 7 June 1740
Colonel: 29 June 1792
General-de-Brigade: 30 July 1793
Died: ?

Goullus (Francois)

Born: 4 July 1758
Chef-de-Brigade: 12 April 1793
Wounded 5 September 1793
General-de-Brigade: 17 February 1797
Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 June 1804
Baron of the Empire: 13 August 1811
Died: 7 September 1814

Barrie (Jean-Leonard)

Born: 30 October 1774
Chef-de-Brigade: 4 May 1800
Colonel: 1803
General-de-Brigade: 27 November 1810
Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 22 November 1808
Baron of the Empire: 27 November 1808
Died: 15 February 1848

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 45e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonel Barrie: wounded 28 July 1809
Colonel Vare: killed 30 July 1813

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 45e Regiment d'Infanterie during the period 1804-1815

Officers killed: Twenty-seven
Officers died of wounds: Nine
Officers wounded: One hundred and twelve

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1792: Valmy and Siege of Lille
1793: Nerwinden and Wattignies
1794: Courtrai and Capture of Ypres
1796: Lodi, Mantoue, Saint-Georges, and Castiglione
1797: Mantoue
1799: Magnano, Cassano, Novi, Gavi, and Tortone
1801: Casa-Nova
1805: Austerlitz
1806: Crewitz and Lubeck
1807: Ostrelenka and Friedland
1808: Espinosa-de-los-Monteros
1809: Alcantara, Aspern-Essling, Wagram, Talevera-de-la-Reina, and Almonacid
1811: Barrosa, Fuentes-de-Onoro, and Albuera
1812: Cadiz
1813: Vittoria, Echalar, Nivelle, and Bayonne
1813: Dresden and Dantzig
1814: Garris, Orthez, and Toulouse
1815: Waterloo

Battle Honours

Lodi 1796, Austerlitz 1805, and Friedland 1807

46e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Regimental History

1644: Created as Regiment Mazarin-Francais
1651: Renamed Regiment d'Bretagne
1791: 46e Regiment de Infanterie
1793: 46e demi-brigade de bataille (formed from the following)

2e bataillon 23e Regiment de Infanterie
4e and 6e bataillons Volontaires de l'Isere

1796: 46e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne (formed from the following)

17e demi-brigade de bataille (1er Bat, 9e Regt d'Inf, 2e Bat Vol de l'Indre and 3e Bat Vol de la Seine- Inferieure)
107e demi-brigade de bataille (1er Bat, 54e Regt d'Inf, 3e and 4e Bat Vol de l'Yonne)
1er and 2e bataillons 39e Regiment de Infanterie

1803: 46e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonels and Chef-de-Brigade

1791: De Saint-Victor (Francois-Anselme) - Colonel
1792: Athalin (Charles-Francois-Xavier) - Colonel
1793: Sisce (Jean-Baptiste de Bressoles de ) - Colonel
1794: Pinet (?) - Chef-de-Brigade
1796: Clerc (Joseph-Theodore) - Chef-de-Brigade
1797: Clerence (?) - Chef-de-Brigade
1797: Forty (?) - Chef-de-Brigade
1800: Lanchantin (Louis-Francois) - Chef-de-Brigade and Colonel in 1803
1805: Lorencez ( Guillaume-Latrille de ) - Colonel
1807: Richard (Joseph-Pierre) - Colonel
1812: Brue (Jean-Louis) - Colonel
1814: Regeau (Jean-Marie) - Colonel
1815: Dupre (Louis-Andre) - Colonel

Four of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade and above

Sisce (Jean-Baptiste de Bressoles de)

Born: 23 December 1753
Chef-de-Brigade: 7 September 1793
General-de-Brigade: 14 June 1794
Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 June 1804
Died: 30 November 1838

Clerc (Joseph-Theodore)

Born: 17 September 1758
Chef-de-Brigade: 18 July 1796
General-de-Brigade: 25 September 1793 (refused the promotion)
Died: 16 February 1826

Lanchantin (Louis-Francois)

Born: 1 November 1756
Chef-de-Brigade: 9 July 1800
Colonel: 1803
General-de-Brigade: 1 February 1805
Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 June 1804
Baron of the Empire: 22 November 1811
Died: ? (taken prisoner by the Russians after the Battle of Krasnoe and listed as disappeared)

Lorencez (Guillaume-Latrille de)

Born: 21 April 1772
Colonel: 1 February 1805
General-de-Brigade: 10 February 1807
General-de-Division: 13 march 1813
Baron of the Empire: 29 June 1809
Died: 1 October 1855

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 46e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonel Richard: wounded 5 June 1807 and killed 21 May 1809
Colonel Baudinot: wounded 6 July 1809
Colonel Brue: wounded 17 August 1812

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 46e Regiment d'Infanterie during the period 1804-1815

Officers killed: Fifty-five
Officers died of wounds: Twenty-four
Officers wounded: One hundred and eighty-six

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1793: Rheinzabern, Landau, Bergzabern, Ober-Otterbach, Nothweiler, Brumpt, Haguenau and Schlethal
1794: Siege of Demonte
1795: Carcare and Loano
1796: Mondovi
1798: Ostende
1799: Zurich, Busingen, Engen, and Moeskirch
1800: Hochstedt, Oberhausen, and Hohenlinden
1805: Ulm and Austerlitz
1806: Jena and Lubeck
1807: Eylau and Heilsberg
1809: Essling, Wagram, and Znaim
1812: Smolensk, Valoutina, La Moskowa, Wiasma, and Krasnoe
1813: Kulm, Leipzig, and Hanau
1814: Brienne, La Rothiere, Montereau, and Bar-sur-Aube
1815: Waterloo

Battle Honours

Zurich 1799, Austerlitz 1805, and La Moskowa 1812

47e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Regimental History

1644: Created and named Regiment de Carignan
1665: Renamed Regiment de Carignan-Sallieres
1677: Renamed Regiment de Soissons
1690: Renamed Regiment de Perche
1744: Renamed Gardes de Lorraine
1766: Renamed Regiment de Lorraine
1791: 47e Regiment de Infanterie
1793: 47e demi-brigade de bataille (formed from the following)

1er bataillon 24e Regiment de Infanterie
9e bataillon Volontaires de la Cote-d'Or
4e bataillon Volontaires des Deux-Sevres

1796: 47e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne (formed from the following)

One bataillon 92e Regiment de Infanterie
2e bataillon Volontaires de l'Orne
6e bataillon Volontaires de Paris

1803: 47e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonels and Chef-de-Brigade

1791: D'Ollone (Pierre-Francois) - Colonel
1792: Colomb (Joseph-Antoine) - Colonlel
1795: Nerin (Claude) - Chef-de-Brigade
1798: O'Neil (Jean) - Chef-de-Brigade
1799: La Chastre (Pierre-Denis) - Chef-de-Brigade and Colonel in 1803
1808: Donadieu (Gabriel) - Colonel
1811: Dein (Olivier-Constant) - Colonel
1814: Danlion (Jean-Baptiste) - Colonel

Three of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade

Colomb (Joseph-Antoine)

Born: 26 September 1735
Colonel: 16 April 1792
General-de-Brigade: 8 April 1793
Died: 25 January 1811

O'Neil (Jean)

Born: 20 january 1737
Colonel: 15 July 1791 (88e Regiment d'Infanterie refused promotion)
Colonel: 8 January 1792 (92e Regiment d'Infanterie)
General-de-Brigade: 15 May 1793 (refused promotion)
Chef-de-Brigade: 19 February 1798 (47e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne)
General-de-Brigade: 13 February 1801
Died: ?

Donnadieu (Gabriel)

Born: 11 December 1777
Colonel: 13 November 1808
General-de-Brigade: 6 August 1811
Grand Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 6 June 1815
Baron of the Empire: 26 March 1809
Died: 18 June 1848

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 47e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonel Dein: wounded 22 July 1812 and killed 27 February 1814

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 47e Regiment d'Infanterie during the period 1804-1815

Officers killed: Twenty-two
Officers died of wounds: Nine
Officers wounded: One hundred and seventeen

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1792: Siege of Namur
1793: Capture of Fort Villote, Siege of Maestricht, Conde, and Wattignies
1794: Fleurus
1796: Mannheim
1799: Capture of Pignerol, Stura, and Savigliano
1808: Evora, Vimeiro, Capture of Pampelune, Capture of Saragosse, and Medina-del-Rio-Seco
1809: La Corogne and Porto
1810: Siege of Astorga, Siege of Almeida, and Torres-Vedras
1812: Salamanque
1813: Vitoria and Bidassoa
1813: Lutzen, Bautzen, and Leipzig
1814: Pampelune, Orthez, and Toulouse

Battle Honours

Fleurus 1794 and La Corogne 1809

48e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Regimental History (Artois)

1610: Created
1673: Regiment d'Artois
1791: 48e Regiment de Infanterie
1793: 48e demi-brigade de bataille (formed from the following)

2e bataillon 24e Regiment de Infanterie
1er bataillon Volontaires du Calvados
1er bataillon Volontaires des Bouches-du-Rhone

1796: 48e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne (formed from the following)

48e demi-brigade de bataille (see above)
2e Bataillon Volontaires du Nord
2e Bataillon Volontaires des Ardennes

1803: 48e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonels and Chef-de-Brigade

1791: De Tourette (Joseph-Alexandre) - Colonel
1791: De la Ferriere (Louis-Paul Dargeot) - Colonel
1793: Desfourneaux (Edme-Etienne Borne) - Colonel
1794: Arnaud (Antoine) - Chef-de-Brigade
1803: Cassine (Jean-Joseph-Henri) - Colonel
1805: Barbanegre (Joseph) - Colonel
1809: Groisne (Joseph) - Colonel
1812: Pelet-Clozeau(Jean-Jacque-Germain) - Colonel
1813: Warengheim (Adrien-Lamoral-jean-Marie) - Colonel
1814: Peraldi (Olivier-Antoine-Constantin) - Colonel

Five of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade and above

Desfourneaux (Edme-Etienne Borne)

Born: 22 April 1767
Colonel: 8 February 1793
General-de-Brigade: 14 May 1793
General-de-Division: 11 December 1794
Baron of the Empire: 12 April 1813
Died: 20 February 1849

Arnaud (Antoine)

Born: 14 January 1749
Chef-de-Brigade: 18 August 1794
General-de-Brigade: 29 August 1803
Died: 11 April 1806

Barbanegre (Joseph)

Born: 22 August 1772
Colonel: 29 August 1805
General-de-Brigade: 21 March 1809
Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 25 December 1805
Baron of the Empire: 20 August 1809
Died: 7 November 1830

Groisne (Joseph)

Born: 31 October 1768
Colonel: 7 April 1809
General-de-Brigade: 8 October 1812
Member of the Legion d'Honneur: 8 June 1809
Baron of the Empire: 4 June 1810
Died: 29 December 1812

Pelet-Clozeau (Jean-Jacques-Germain)

Born: 15 July 1777
Colonel: 11 October 1812
General-de-Brigade: 12 April 1813
Chevalier of the Empire: 13 July 1813
Died: 20 December 1858

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 48e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonel Pelet-Clozeau: wounded 18 November 1812
Colonel Peraldi: wounded 2 July 1815

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 48e Regiment d'Infanterie during the period 1804-1815

Officers killed: Thirty-even
Officers died of wounds: Seven
Officers wounded: One hundred and fifty-six

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1791: Saint-Dominique
1794: Venlo and Amsterdam
1797: Mayennce and Dietz
1798: Bergen, Alkmaar, and Castricum
1800: Kirchberg and Hohenlinden
1805: Austerlitz
1806: Auerstadt
1807: Eylau
1809: Eckmuhl, Ratisbon, and Wagram
1812: La Moskowa, Krasnoe, and Beresina
1813: Hamburg
1814: Hamburg
1815: Ligny

Battle Honours

Hohenlinden 1800, Austerlitz 1805, and Auerstadt 1806

49e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Regimental History

1647: Created
1762: Regiment de Berry
1788: Renamed Regiment de Vintimille
1791: 49e Regiment d'Infanterie
1795: 49e demi-brigade de bataille (formed from the following)

1er Bataillon, 25e Regiment d'Infanterie
4e Bataillon Volontaires du Nord
5e Bataillon Volontaires de l'Oise

1796: 49e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne (formed from the following)

93e demi-brigade de bataille (1er Bat, 47e Regt d'Inf, 1er Bat Vol de Seine-et-Marne and 6e Bat Vol du Haute-Rhine)
174e demi-brigade de bataile (2e Bat, 95e Regt d'Inf, 1er Bat Vol de la Haute-Vienne and 6e Bat Vol de l'Yonne)

1803: There was no 49e Regiment during the Empire period

Colonels and Chef-de-Brigade

1791: De Casabianca (Raphael) - Colonel
1792: Desperrieres (Gabriel-Adrien-Marie Poissonier) - Colonel
1793: De Boisragon () - Colonel
1795: Delegorgue (Francois-Joseph-Augustin) - Chef-de-Brigade
1796: Paradis (Joseph) - Chef-de-Brigade
1799: Bardet (Martial) - Chef-de-Brigade

All of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade and above

De Casabianca (Raphael)

Born: 27 November 1738
Colonel: 25 July 1791
General-de-Brigade: 27 May 1792
General-de-Division: 19 march 1794
Count of the Empire: 5 October 1808
Died: 28 November 1828

Desperrieres (Gabriel-Adrien-Marie Poissonier)

Born: 12 January 1763
Colonel: 16 May 1792 (81e Regiment d'Infanterie)
Colonel: 27 May 1792 (49e Regiment d'Infanterie)
General-de-Brigade: 30 June 1793
Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 June 1804
Died: 13 May 1852

Delegorgue (Francois-Joseph-Augustin)

Born: 27 November 1757
Chef-de-Brigade: 5 September 1795
General-de-Brigade: 20 March 1800
Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 June 1804
Died: 17 June 1807 (decapitated in combat)

Paradis (Joseph)

Born: 23 December 1741
Chef-de-Brigade: 16 July 1794 (93e demi-brigade de bataille)
Chef-de-Brigade: ? 1796 (49e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne)
General-de-Brigade: 6 October 1799
Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 June 1804
Died: 5 October 1824

Bardet (Martial)

Born: 22 may 1764
Chef-de-Brigade: 10 September 1799
General-de-Brigade: 12 March 1807
General-de-Division: 3 March 1814
Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 25 December 1805
Baron of the Empire: 6 September 1811
Died: 3 May 1837

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the 49e Regiment d'Infanterie

None

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1792: Mons, Bavay, and Jemmapes
1793: Arlon and Hondschoote
1794: Maastricht
1795: Capture of Luxembourg
1796: Wurzburg, Nassau, and Weilberg
1799: Bergen
1801: Saint-Dominique

Battle Honours

Jemmapes 1792

50e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Regimental History

1651: Regiment de Vendome
1712: Renamed Regiment de Berry
1714: Renamed Regiment de Barrois
1716: Renamed Regiment de Vendome
1762: Renamed Regiment de Hainaut
1791: 50e Regiment d'Infanterie
1793: 50e demi-brigade de bataille (formed from the following)

2e Bataillon, 25e Regiment d'Infanterie
3e Bataillon Volontaires de l'Oise
6e Bataillon Volontaires de la Seine-Inferieure

1796: 50e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne (formed from the following)

25e demi-brigade de bataille (1er Bat, 13e Regt d'Inf, 4e Bat Vol de Jura and 4e Bat Vol de Doubs)
194e demi-brigade de bataille(2e Bat, 109e Regt d'Inf, 1er Bat Vol de l'Yonne and 3e Bat Vol de la Loire-Inferieure)
2e bataillon, 204e demi-brigade de bataille

1803: 50e Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonels and Chef-de-Brigade

1791: Regnaud (Marie-Alexis-Francois-Regis) - Colonel
1791: Saint-Simon (Claude de) - Colonel
1792: Bordenave (Jean-Ignace de) - Colonel
1794: Azemar (Francois-Basile) - Chef de Brigde
1796: Hugues (Etienne) - Chef-de-Brigade and Colonel in 1803
1804: Lamartiniere (Thomas-Mignot de) - Colonel
1807: Frappart (Fiacre-Joseph) - Colonel
1811: La Caussade (Joseph-Honore-Celestin-Francois) - Colonel
1815: Lavigne (Francois-Marie-Joseph) - Colonel

Two of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade and above

Azemar (Francois-Basile)

Born: 28 January 1770
Chef-de-Brigade: 21 March 1795
General-de-Brigade: 29 August 1813
Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 1 August 1813
Died: 13 September 1813 (killed at Combat of Gross-Debnitz)

Lamartiniere (Thomas-Mignot de) - Colonel

Born: 26 February 1768
Chef-de-Brigade: 22 December 1800 (77e demi-brigade d'Infanterie de Ligne)
Colonel: 5 October 1803
General-de-Brigade: 10 February 1808
General-de-Division: 11 February 1813
Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 25 December 1805
Baron of the Empire: 24 June 1808
Died: 6 September 1813 (of wounds sustained at the Bidassoa)

Colonels killed and wounded while commanding the Regiment d'Infanterie de Ligne

Colonel Frappard: wounded 6 June 1807 and 11 March 181
Colonel Prevost Saint-Cyr: wounded 22 July 1812 and 13 November 1813

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the Regiment d'Infanterie during the period 1804-1815

Officers killed: Forty
Officers died of wounds: Nine
Officers wounded: One hundred and sixty-four

Regimental war record (Battles and Combats)

1792: Conquest of Nice
1793: Sospello
1796: Maudach and Renchen
1797: Biberach
1799: Zurich
1800: Albebruck, Engen, Moeskirch, and Kirchberg
1805: Gunzburg, Elchingen, and Scharnitz
1806: Jena
1807: Waltersdorf and Guttstadt
1808: Tudela
1809: Tamames
1810: Cuidad-Rodrigo and Busaco
1811: Redhina, Casal-Novo, Foz-do-Arouce
1812: Salamanca
1813: Nivelle and Bayonne
1813: Lutzen, Bautzen, Leipzig, and Hanau
1814: Gue-a-Tresmes and Fere-Champenois
1815: Ligny and Wavre

Battle Honours

Zurich 1799, Jena 1806, and Lutzen 1813

 

Bibliography 

Charavay J. and N. Les Generaux morts pour la Patrie 1792-1815 Paris; 1893 Vol one and 1908 Vol two.

E-M de Lyden. Nos 144 Regiments de Ligne Paris; N.D.

Deprez E. Les Volontaires Nationaux (1791-1793) Paris; 1908.

Garcin M. La Patrie en danger (histoire des bataillons de Volontaires 1791-1794)
Rhone; 1991.

Historique des Corps de Troupes de l'Armee Francaise Paris; 1900.

Martinien A. Tableaux par Corps et par Batailles des Officiers tues et blesse pendant les guerres de l'Empire 1805-1815 Paris; 1899.

Mullie M.C. Biographie des Celebrites militaires des Armes de Terre et de Mer
2 Vols Paris; 1851.Quintin D. and B. Dictionnaire des Colonels de Napoleon Paris; 1996.

Six G. Dictionnaire Biographique des Generaux et Amiraux Francais de la Revolution et de l'Empire 1792-1814 Paris; 1934.

Six G. Les Generaux de la Revolution et de l'Empire Paris; 1947.

Susane J. Histoire de l'Infanterie Francaise 5 Vols Paris; 1876.



Placed on the Napoleon Series: July 2001

 

| More on French Infantry Regiments ]



Search the Series