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Commandants en Chef

Regiment d�Artillerie a Cheval

Regiment d�Artillerie a Pied de la Garde Imperiale (Vieille Garde)

Regiment d�Artillerie a Pied de la Garde Imperiale (Jeune Garde)

1er Regiment du Train d�Artillerie de la Garde Imperiale (Vieille Garde)

2e Regiment du Train d�Artillerie de la Garde Imperiale (Jeune Garde)

Parc d�Artillerie de la Garde Imperiale

Parc du materiale de la Garde Imperiale

Bataillon du Train des equipage militaire

Bibliography

The Garde Imperiale and Its Commanders during the Period 1804 � 1815

The Artillery Regiments

By Tony Broughton, FINS

As a large number of officers serving with the Garde Imperiale held the rank of General-de-Brigade and above, I have included officers with the rank of Colonel, Colonel-en- second, Colonel-Major and Major in this series of articles. For information on the early history of the Grenadiers-a-Cheval and Chasseurs-a-Cheval this information can be found in my previous article on the Garde Imperiale.

Commandants en Chef� l�Artillerie de la Garde Imperiale

1803: Couin (Joseph-Christophe)
1807: Lariboisiere (Jean-Ambroise Baston de)
1811: Sorbier (Jean-Barthelemont)
1813: Dulauloy (Charles-Francois)
1815: Drouot (Antoine)
1815: Desvaux de Sainte-Maurice (Jean-Jacques)

All of the above held the rank of General-de-Division

Couin, (Joseph-Christophe)

Born: 13 June 1763
Commandant d�Artillerie de la Garde Consulaire: 29 October 1803
Commandant en Chef d�Artillerie de la Garde Imperiale:� 9 March 1806
General-de-Brigade: 9 March 1806
Commander of the Legion d�Honneur:� 14 June 1804
Died: 9 September 1834

Lariboisiere, (Jean-Ambroise Baston de)

General Lariboisiere

Born: 18 August 1758
Chef-de-Brigade: 6 November 1796
Commandant en Chef d�Artillerie de la Garde Imperiale:� 3 January 1807
General-de-Brigade: 29 August 1803
General-de-Division: 3 January 1807
Grand Officer of the Legion d�Honneur:� 4 June 1807
Count of the Empire: 26 October 1808
Died: 21 December 1812

Sorbier, (Jean-Barthelemont)

Born: 17 November 1762
Chef-de-Brigade: 1 April 1795 (3e Regiment d�Artillerie a Cheval)
Commandant en Chef d�Artillerie de la Garde Imperiale:� 20 February 1811
General-de-Brigade: 18 April 1797
General-de-Division: 6 January 1800
Count of the Empire: 6 June 1808
Died: 23 July 1827

Dulauloy, (Charles-Francois)

Born: 9 December 1764
Chef-de-Brigade: 27 August 1794
Commandant en Chef d�Artillerie de la Garde Imperiale:� 29 March 1813
General-de-Brigade: 10 December 1794
General-de-Division: 27 August 1803
Commander of the Legion d�Honneur:� 14 June 1804
Count of the Empire:� 13 February 1811
Died: 30 June 1830

Drouot, (Antoine)

Born: 11 January 1771
Major: 27 August 1808 (Regiment d�Artillerie a Pied de la Garde Imperiale)
Colonel-Major: 9 July 1809 (Regiment d�Artillerie a Pied de la Garde Imperiale)
Commandant en Chef d�Artillerie de la Garde Imperiale:� 25 March 1815
General-de-Brigade: 10 January 1813
General-de-Division: 3 September 1813
Commander of the Legion d�Honneur: 14 June 1804
Count of the Empire: 24 October 1813
Died: 24 March 1847

Desvaux de Saint-Maurice, (Jean-Jacques)

Born: 26 June 1775
Colonel: 29 October 1803 (6e Regiment d'Artillerie a Cheval)
Colonel: 2 March 1805 (1er Regiment d'Artillerie a Pied)
Colonel: 16 March 1807 (4e Regiment d'Artillerie a Pied)
Major: 15 July 1809 (Regiment d�Artillerie a Cheval de la Garde Imperiale)
Commandant en Chef d�Artillerie de la Garde Imperiale: 11 April 1815
General-de-Brigade: 9 July 1809
General-de-Division: 6 November 1813
Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 16 May 1813
Baron of the Empire: 30 October 1810
Died: 18 June 1815 (killed at Waterloo)

Five of the above officers were wounded and one killed while in the service of France during the years 1791 � 1815

Couin � wounded March 1791 and 17 November 1796,
Lariboisiere � wounded 6 November 1806 and May 1807
Sorbier � wounded 9 June 1793
Dulauloy � received no wounds
Drouot � wounded 6 July 1809
Desvaux de Sainte-Maurice � wounded 19 October 1805 and killed 18 June 1815

Regiment d�Artillerie a Cheval de la Garde Imperiale

Regimental History

1804: Created, Corps d�Artillerie Legere
1806: Regiment d�Artillerie a Cheval de la Garde Imperiale
1814: Disbanded
1815: Regiment d�Artillerie a Cheval de la Garde Imperiale

Colonel-Majors and Majors

1806: Dogeureau (Louis) - Major
1808: Aboville (Augustin-Marie d') - Major
1809: Desvaux de Sainte-Maurice (Jean-Jacques) - Colonel-Major
1813: Griois (Charles-Pierre-Lubin) - Major
1815: Duchand de Sancy (Jean-Baptiste) - Major

Two of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade and above

Dogeureau, (Louis)

Born: 12 July 1777
Major: 1 May 1806
Colonel: 9 March 1809 (3e Regiment d�Artillerie a Cheval)
Officer of the Legiond�Honneur: 14 June 1804
Baron of the Empire: 2 May 1808
Died: 19 August 1856

Aboville, (Augustin-Marie d')

General Aboville

General Aboville

Born: 12 April 1777
Colonel: 10 July 1806 (1er Regiment d'Artillerie a Pied)
Colonel: 21 June 1807 (3e Regiment d'Artillerie a Cheval)
Major: 15 December 1808 (Regiment d�Artillerie a Cheval de la Garde Imperiale)
General-de-Brigade: 9 July 1809
Baron of the Empire: 5 October 1808
Died: 20 June 1843

 

Desvaux de Saint-Maurice, (Jean-Jacques)

Born: 26 June 1775
Colonel: 29 October 1803 (6e Regiment d'Artillerie a Cheval)
Colonel: 2 March 1805 (1er Regiment d'Artillerie a Pied)
Colonel: 16 March 1807 (4e Regiment d'Artillerie a Pied)
Colonel-Major: 15 July 1809 (Regiment d�Artillerie a Cheval de la Garde Imperiale)
General-de-Brigade: 9 July 1809
General-de-Division: 6 November 1813
Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 16 May 1813
Baron of the Empire: 30 October 1810
Died: 18 June 1815 (killed at Waterloo)

Griois, (Charles-Pierre-Lubin)

Born: 21 December 1772
Colonel: 23 June 1811 (4e Regiment d�Artillerie a Cheval)
Major: 26 January 1813 (Regiment d�Artillerie a Pied de la Garde Imperiale)
Major:� 6 November 1813 (Regiment d�Artillerie a Cheval de la Garde Imperiale)
Officer of the Legion d�Honneur:� 12 August 1813
Baron of the Empire: 16 August 1813
Died: 28 November 1839

Duchand de Sancy, (Jean-Baptiste)

Born: 11 May 1780
Major: 11 April 1815
Officer of the Legiond�Honneur: 8 July 1813
Baron of the Empire: 19 November 1813
Died: 3 January 1849

Senior officers who served with the Regiment d�Artillerie a Cheval killed and wounded� while in the service of France during the years 1791-1815

Dogeureau � wounded 14 July 1798, 8 May 1799 and 28 December 1808
Aboville � wounded 6 July 1809
Desvaux de Sainte-Maurice � wounded 19 October 1805 and killed 18 June 1815
Griois � received no wounds
Duchand de Sancy � wounded 30 November 1811

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the Regiment d�Artillerie a Cheval during the period 1808 � 1815

Officers killed: Eleven
Officers died of wounds: Three
Officers wounded: Twenty-seven

Regimental War Record (battles and combats in which officers were killed or wounded)

1805: Austerlitz
1807: Eylau and Heilsberg
1808: Madrid
1809: Wagram
1812: La Moskowa, Malojaroslawetz, Krosnoe, Beresina, Wilna, and Kowno
1813: Dresde, Leipzig, and Hanau
1814: La Rothiere, Monterau, Reims, Craonne, and Soissons
1815: Waterloo

Battle Honours (1815 model Drapeaux)

Marengo 1800, Ulm 1805, Austerlitz 1805, Jena 1806, Eylau 1807, Friedland 1807, Wagram 1809, La Moskowa 1812, Lutzen 1813, and Montmirail 181

Regiment d�Artillerie a Pied de la Garde Imperiale (Vieille Garde)

Regimental History

1808: Created, Regiment d�Artillerie a Pied de la Garde Imperiale (Vieille Garde)
1814: Disbanded
1815: Reformed as Regiment d�Artillerie a Pied de la Garde Imperiale

Colonel-Majors and Majors

1808: Drouot (Antoine) � Colonel-Major
1808: Digeon (Armand-Joseph-Henri) � Colonel-Major
1809: Boulart (Jean-Francois) - Major
1813: Griois (Charles-Pierre-Lubin) - Major
1815: Lallemand (Henry-Dominique) � Major

Three of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade and above

Drouot, (Antoine)

Born: 11 January 1771
Major-Directeur: 24 February 1808 (Parc d�Artillerie de la Garde)
Major: 27 August 1808 (Regiment d�Artillerie a Pied de la Garde Imperiale)
Colonel-Major: 9 July 1809 (Regiment d�Artillerie a Pied de la Garde Imperiale)
General-de-Brigade: 10 January 1813
General-de-Division: 3 September 1813
Commander of the Leion d�Honneur: 14 June 1804
Count of the Empire: 24 October 1813
Died: 24 March 1847���

Digeon, (Armand-Joseph-Henri)

General Digeon

General Digeon

Born: 2 December 1778
Major-Directeur: 28 March 1807 (Parc d�Artillerie de la Garde)
Major: 28 September 1808 (Regiment d�Artillerie a Pied de la Garde Imperiale)
Colonel: 5 October 1809 (4e Regiment d�Artillerie a Pied)
Colonel: 9 November 1809 (8e Regiment d�Artillerie a Pied)
General-de-Brigade: 23 January 1814
Chevalier of the Empire: 9 October 1813
Died: 24 May 1836

Boulart, (Jean-Francois)

Born: 31 March 1776
Major: 28 July 1809
Commander Regiment d�Artillerie a Pied de la Garde Imperiale: 6 November 1813
General-de-Brigade: 6 November 1813
Baron of the Empire: 23 May 1810
Died: 20 October 1842�����������

Griois, (Charles-Pierre-Lubin)

Born: 21 December 1772
Colonel: 23 June 1811 (4e Regiment d�Artillerie a Cheval)
Major: 26 January 1813 (Regiment d�Artillerie a Pied de la Garde Imperiale)
Major:� 6 November 1813 (Regiment d�Artillerie a Cheval de la Garde Imperiale)
Officer of the Legion d�Honneur:� 12 August 1813
Baron of the Empire: 16 August 1813
Died: 28 November 1839

Lallemand, (Henry-Dominique)

Born: 17 October 1777
Major: 11 April 1805
General-de-Brigade: 12 March 1814
Baron of the Empire: 13 August 1810
Died: 15 September 1823

Senior officers who served with the Regiment d�Artillerie a Pied killed and wounded� while in the service of France during the years 1791-1815

Drouot � wounded 6 July 1809
Digeon � wounded 14 June 1800
Boulart � wounded 22 May 1809 and 6 July 1809
Griois � received no wounds
Lallemand � wounded 18 June 1815

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the Regiment d�Artillerie a Pied during the period 1808 � 1815

Officers killed: Sixteen
Officers died of wounds: Six
Officers wounded: Forty-three

Regimental War Record (battles and combats in which officers were killed or wounded)

1809: Essling and Wagram
1812: Moskowa, Krasnoe, Beresina, and Wilna
1813: Lutzen, Dresde, and Leipzig
1814: Bar-sur-Aube, Rothiere, Montmirail, Craonne, Reims, and Paris
1815: Waterloo

Battle Honours (1815 model Drapeaux)

Marengo 1800, Ulm 1805, Austerlitz 1805, Jena 1806, Eylau 1807, Friedland 1807, Wagram 1809, La Moskowa 1812, Lutzen 1813, and Montmirail 1814

Regiment d�Artillerie a Pied de la Garde Imperiale (Jeune Garde)

Regimental History

1813: Created, Regiment d�Artillerie a Pied de la Garde Imperiale (Jeune Garde)
1814: Disbanded

Major

Henrion, (Francois-Joseph)

Born: 27 January 1776
Major: 27 March 1813
Commander of the Legion d�Honneur: 6 November 1813
Baron of the Empire: 16 August 1813
Wounds: 29 December 1793, 26 August 1813, and 29 January 1814
Died: 5 August 1849 ��

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the Regiment d�Artillerie a Pied (Jeune Garde) during the period 1813 � 1814

Officers killed: Seven
Officers died of wounds: Four
Officers wounded: Eighteen

Regimental War Record (battles and combats in which officers were killed or wounded)

1813: Lutzen, Bautzen, Wurschen, Dresde, Leipzig, and Hanau
1814: Rothiere, Lesmont, Monterau, Meaux, and Paris

1er Regiment du Train d�Artillerie de la Garde Imperiale (Vieille Garde)

Regimental History

1804:� Created, Train d�Artillerie de la Garde Consulaire
1805:� Bataillon du Train d�Artillerie de la Garde Imperiale
1813:� 1er Regiment du Train d�Artillerie de la Garde Imperiale
1814:� Disbanded
1815:� Escadron du Train d�Artillerie de la Garde Imperiale

Majors

1813: Henrion (Francois-Joseph)
1813: Bon de Lignum (Henri-Antoine)
1813: Leroy (Charles-Clement)

None of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade and above

Henrion, (Francois-Joseph)

Born: 27 January 1776
Major: 2 March 1813
Major: 27 March 1813 (Regiment d�Artillerie a Pied de la Jeune Garde)
Commander of the Legion d�Honneur: 6 November 1813
Baron of the Empire: 16 August 1813
Died: 5 August 1849

Bon de Lignum, (Henri-Antoine)

Born: 14 February 1777
Colonel:� 23 December 1810
Major:� 27 March 1813 (1er Regiment du Train d�Artillerie de la Garde Imperiale)
Officer of the Legion d�Honneur:� 28 June 1807
Baron of the Empire: 16 August 1813
Died: 23 January 1856

Leroy, (Charles-Clement)

Born: 3 May 1769
Major: 6 November 1813
Chef d�Escadron: 11 April 1815 (Escadron du Train d�Artillerie de la Garde Imperiale)
Chevalier of the Legion d�Honneur: 14 June 1804
Died: 11 May 1846

Senior officers who served with the 1er Regiment du Train d�Artillerie de la Garde Imperiale killed and wounded while in the service of France during the years 1791-1815

Henrion � wounded 29 December 1793, 26 August1813, and 29 January 1814
Bon de Lignum � received no wounds
Leroy � wounded 28 June 1796

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 1er Regiment du Train d�Artillerie de la Garde Imperiale during the period 1805 � 1815

Officers killed: Three
Officers died of wounds: Two
Officers wounded: Thirty

Regimental War Record (battles and combats in which officers were killed or wounded)

1809: Wagram
1811: Valladolid
1812: Moskowa, Malojaroslawetz, Krasnoe, Beresina, Wilna, and Kowno
1813: Lutzen, Wurschen, Dresde, Leipzig, and Hanau
1814: Montmirail and Paris
1815: Waterloo

Battle Honours

None

2e Regiment du Train d�Artillerie de la Garde Imperiale (Jeune Garde)

Regimental History

1808: Created, Bataillon bis du Train d�Artillerie de la Garde Imperiale
1813: 2e Regiment du Train d�Artillerie de la Garde Imperiale
1814: Disbanded

Majors (Chef-de-bataillon)

1813: Bailloud (?)
1814: Arnoult (?)

None of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade and above

Senior officers who served with the 2e Regiment du Train d�Artillerie de la Garde Imperiale killed and wounded� while in the service of France during the years 1791-1815

No available information

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 2e Regiment du Train d�Artillerie de la Garde Imperiale during the period 1808 � 1814

Officers killed: None
Officers died of wounds: Four
Officers wounded: Thirty-six

Regimental War Record (battles and combats in which officers were killed or wounded)

1808: Andujar and Baylen
1809: Saragosse and Wagram
1812: Moskowa, Malojaroslawetz, and Beresina
1813: Lutzen, Wurschen, Dresde, Leipzig, and Mayence
1814: Sezanne, Laon, Arcis-sur-Aube, and Paris

Parc d�Artillerie de la Garde Imperiale

Regimental History

1807: Created, Parc d�Artillerie de la Garde Imperiale
1814: Disbanded
1815: Parc d�Artillerie de la Garde Imperiale

Major-Directeurs

1807: Digeon (Armand-Joseph-Henri)
1808: Drouot (Antoine)
1809: Pellegrin-Millon (Joseph)
1815: Bon de Lignum (Henri-Antoine)

Three of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade and above

Digeon, (Armand-Joseph-Henri)

Born: 2 December 1778
Major-Directeur: 28 March 1807
Major: 28 September 1808 (Regiment d�Artillerie a Pied de la Garde Imperiale)
Colonel: 5 October 1809 (4e Regiment d�Artillerie a Pied)
Colonel: 9 November 1809 (8e Regiment d�Artillerie a Pied)
General-de-Brigade: 23 January 1814
Chevalier of the Empire: 9 October 1813
Died: 24 May 1836

Drouot, (Antoine)

Born: 11 January 1771
Major-Directeur: 24 February 1808
Major: 27 August 1808 (Regiment d�Artillerie a Pied de la Garde Imperiale)
Colonel-Major: 9 July 1809 (Regiment d�Artillerie a Pied de la Garde Imperiale)
Commandant en Chef d�Artillerie de la Garde Imperiale:� 25 March 1815
General-de-Brigade: 10 January 1813
General-de-Division: 3 September 1813
Commander of the Leion d�Honneur: 14 June 1804
Count of the Empire: 24 October 1813
Died: 24 March 1847

Pellegrin de Million, (Joseph)

Born: 30 December 1759
Colonel: 20 September 1805
Major-Directeur: 7 June 1809 (Parc d�Artillerie de la Garde)
General-de-Brigade: 10 January 1813
Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 3 Decemeber 1807
Baron� of the Empire: 10 April 1811
Died: ?

Bon de Lignum, (Henri-Antoine)

Born: 14 February 1777
Colonel:� 23 December 1810
Major:� 27 March 1813 (1er Regiment du Train d�Artillerie de la Garde Imperiale)
Major-Directeur:� 6 November 1813 (Parc du Materiale de la Garde Imperiale)
Major-Directeur:� 11 April 1815 (Parc d�Artillerie de la Garde Imperiale)
Officer of the Legion d�Honneur:� 28 June 1807
Baron of the Empire: 16 August 1813
Died: 23 January 1856

Senior officers who served with the Parc d�Artillerie de la Garde Imperiale killed and wounded while in the service of France during the years 1791-1815

Digeon � wounded 14 June 1800
Drouot � wounded 6 July 1809
Pellegrin-Millon � wounded 18 October 1813
Bon de Lignum � received no wounds

Parc du materiale de la Garde Imperiale

Regimental History

1813:� Created, Parc du Materiale de la Garde Imperiale
1814:� Disbanded
1815:� Parc du Materiale de la Garde Imperiale
Colonel-Directeurs
1813: Boulart (Jean-Francois)

Major-Directeurs

1813: Bon de Lignum (Henri-Antoine)

One of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade and above

Boulart, (Jean-Francois)

Born: 31 March 1776
Major: 28 July 1809 (Regiment d�Artillerie a Pied de la Garde Imperiale)
Colonel-Directeur:� 29 March 1813 (Parc du materiale de la Garde Imperiale)
Commander Regiment d�Artillerie a Pied de la Garde Imperiale: 6 November 1813
General-de-Brigade: 6 November 1813
Baron of the Empire: 23 May 1810
Died: 20 October 1842�����������

Senior officers who served with the Parc du materiale de la Garde Imperiale killed and wounded while in the service of� France during the years 1791-1815

Boulart � wounded 22 May 1809 and 6 July 1809
Bon de Lignum � received no wounds

Bataillon du Train des equipage militaire

Regimental History

1811: Created, Bataillon du Train des equipage militaire
1814: Disbanded
1815: Escadron des equipage de la Garde Imperiale

Chef de Bataillon

Gubert, (Pierre)

Born: 12 February 1776
Chef de Bataillon: 1 November 1811 (Bataillon du Train des equipage militaire)
Chef de Escadron: 13 April 1815 (Escadron des equipage de la Garde Imperiale)
Chevalier of the Legion d�Honneur:� 19 March 1813
Died: 23 October 1855���

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the Bataillon du Train des equipage militaire during the period 1811 � 1815

Officers killed: Five
Officers died of wounds: One
Officers wounded: Four

Regimental War Record (battles and combats in which officers were killed or wounded)

1812: Moskowa, Krasnoe, Beresina, and Smorgoni
1813: Hanau and Paris

 

 

Bibliography

Fallou L. Le Garde Imperiale (1804-1815) Paris; 1901.�����������
Fieffe E. Napol�on 1er et la Garde Imperiale Paris; 1859.
Fieffe E. Histoire des Troupes Etranger au service de France  Paris; 1854. 2 Vols
Lachouque H. Napol�on et la Garde Imperiale
Quintin D. and B. Dictionnaire des Colonels de Napol�on  Paris; 1996.
Sainte-Hilaire Emile-Marco de.� Histoire anecdotique,politique et militaire de la Garde Imperiale  Paris; 1847.
Six G. Dictionnaire Biographique des G�n�raux et Amiraux Fran�ais de la R�volution et de l�Empire 1792-1814  Paris; 1934. 2 Vols
Martinien A. Tableaux par Corps et par Batailles des officiers tues et blesses pendant les guerres de l�Empire  Paris; 1899. 2 Vols����������
Mullie C. Biographies des Celebrites Militaire des Arm�es de terre et de mer de 1789-1850  Paris; 1851. 2 Vols
Villaume J-L. Dictionnaire des Officiers du Train des Equipaes Imperial 1807-1814  Tours; 1987.

 

 

Placed on the Napoleon Series: March 2003

 

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