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1er Regiment d�Eclaireurs a Cheval

2e Regiment d�Eclaireurs a Cheval

3e Regiment d�Eclaireurs a Cheval de la Garde Imperiale

1er Regiment de Garde d�Honneur

2e Regiment de Garde d�Honneur

3e Regiment de Garde d�Honneur

4e Regiment de Garde d�Honneur

Legion de Gendarmerie d�Elite

Bibliography

The Garde Imperiale and Its Commanders during the Period 1804 � 1815

Part II: The Cavalry Regiments

By Tony Broughton, FINS

As a large number of officers serving with the Garde Imperiale held the rank of General-de-Brigade and above, I have included officers with the rank of Colonel, Colonel-en-Second, Colonel-Major, and Major in this series of articles.

1er Regiment d�Eclaireurs a Cheval de la Garde Imperiale

Regimental History

1813: Created 1er Regiment d�Eclaireurs a Cheval de la Garde Imperiale(attached to the Grenadiers a Cheval de la Garde)
1814: Disbanded

Colonels

Guyot, (Claude-Etienne)

Majors

1813: Testot-Ferry, (Claude)

One of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Division

General Claude Guyet

Guyot, (Claude-Etienne)

Born: 5 September 1768
Colonel-en-Second: 5 June 1809 ( 1er Regiment de Chasseurs a Cheval de1 December 1813 (Grenadiers a Cheval de la Garde Imperiale)
General-de-Brigade: 9 August 1809
General-de-Division: 16 December 1811
Commander of the Legion d�Honneur: 30 June 1811
Baron of the Empire: May 1808
Died: 28 November 1837

Testot-Ferry, (Claude)

Born: 20 May 1773
Colonel: 16 December 1813 (7e Regiment de Dragons)
Major: 21 December 1813 (1er Regiment d�Eclaireurs)
Officer of the Legion d�Honneur: 14 April 1813
Commander of the Legion d�Honneur: 27 December 1814
Baron of the Empire: 16 March 1814
Died: 25 August 1856

Senior officers who served with the1er Regiment d�Eclaireurs killed and wounded� while in the service of France during the years 1791-1815

Guyot - wounded 18 June 1815
Testot-Ferry � wounded 30 October 1813

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 1er Regiment d�Eclaireurs during the period 1813 � 1814

Officers killed: None
Officers died of wounds: None
Officers wounded: fourteen

Regimental War Record (battles and combats in which officers were killed or wounded)

1814: Tournotte, Brienne, Craonne, Laon, Arcis-sur-Aube, and Paris

Battle Honours

None

2e Regiment d�Eclaireurs a Cheval de la Grade Imperiale

Regimental History

1813: Created, 2e Regiment d�Eclaireurs a Cheval de la Garde Imperiale (attached to the Dragons de la Garde Imperiale)
1814: Disbanded

Colonels

Ornano (Philippe-Antoine)

Majors

1813: Hoffmayer (Laurent)

One of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Division

General Philippe Ornano

Ornano, (Philippe-Antoine)

Born: 17 January 1784
Colonel: 18 January 1807 (25e Regiment de Dragons)
Colonel: 21 January 1813 (Dragons de la Garde)
General-de-Brigade: 16 June 1811
General-de-Division: 8 September 1812
Count of the Empire: 22 November 1808
Died: 13 October 1863

Hoffmayer, (Laurent)

Born: 15 July 1768
Colonel: 29 March 1813 (2e Regiment de Dragons)
Major: 17 December 1813 (2e Regiment d�Eclaireurs)
Officer of the Legion d�Honneur: 14 July 1813
Baron of the Empire: 4 December 1813
Died: 9 August 1842

Senior officers who served with the 2e Regiment d�Eclaireurs killed and wounded� while in the service of France during the years 1791-1815

Ornano � wounded 18 November 1812
Hoffmayer � wounded 25 December 1800 and 25 September 1812

Officers killed and wounded while serving with� the 2e Regiment d�Eclaireurs during the period 1813 � 1814

Officers killed: Two
Officers died of wounds: One
Officers wounded: Seventeen

Regimental War Record (battles and combats in which officers were killed or wounded)

1814: Craonne, Laon, Reims, Arcis-sur-Aube, and Paris

Battle Honours

None

3e Regiment d�Eclaireurs a Cheval de la Garde Imperiale

Regimental History

1813: Created 3e Regiment d�Eclaireurs de la Garde Imperiale (attached to the 1er Regiment de Chevau-Legers-Lanciers)
1814: Disbanded

Colonels

Krasinski (Vincent Corvin)�������

Majors

1813: Kozietulski (Jean-Leon-Hippolyte)

One of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade

General Vincent Krasinski

Krasinski, (Vincent Corvin)

Born: 30 January 1782
Colonel: 17 April 1807
General-de-Brigade: 16 December 1811
General-de-Division: 28 November 1813
Commander of the Legion d�Honneur: 20 June 1811
Count of the Empire: 3 June 1811
Died: 24 November 1856

Major Jean Kozietulski

Kozietulski, (Jean-Leon-Hippolyte)

Born: 4 June 1781
Major: 30 May 1813 (1er Regiment de Chevau-Legers-Lanciers de la Garde Imperiale)
Major: 17 December 1813 (3e Regiment d�Eclaireurs a Cheval de la Garde Imperiale)
Officer of the Legion d�Honneur: 13 December 1809
Baron of the Empire: 15 March 1810
Died: 3 February 1821

Senior officers who served with the 3e Regiment d�Eclaireurs killed and wounded� while in the service of France during the years 1791-1815

Krasinski � wounded 2 May 1808, 6 July 1809, 7 September 1812, 21 October 1813, and 13 March 1814
Kozietulski � wounded 30 November 1806, 6 July 1809, and 25 October 1812

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 3e Regiment d�Eclaireurs during the period 1813 � 1814

Officers killed: None
Officers died of wounds: None
Officers wounded: Sixteen

Regimental War Record (battles and combats in which officers were killed or wounded)

1814: Arcis-sur-Aube and Paris

Battle Honours

None

1er Regiment de Garde d�Honneur

Regimental History

1813: Created, 1er Regiment de Garde d�Honneur
1814: Disbanded

Colonels

1813: Randon de Pully (Charles-Joseph)

Colonels-en-Second

1813: Picquet (Cyrille-Simon)

Colonel-Majors

1813: Mathan (Georges de)
1813: Castellane (Esprit-Victor-Elisabe-Boniface de)

Two of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade

General Randon de Pully

Randon de Pully, (Charles-Joseph)

Born: 18 August 1751
Colonel: 25 February 1792 (10e Regiment de Cavalerie)
Colonel: 8 April 1813 (1er Regiment des Garde d�Honneur)
General-de-Brigade: 19 September 1792
General-de-Division: 8 March 1793
Member of the Legion d'Honneur: 7 December 1803
Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 June 1804
Grand Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 23 March 1814
Count of the Empire: 15 August 1809
Died: 20 April 1820

Picquet, (Cyrille-Simon)

Born: 14 November 1774
Colonel: 13 February 1807 (6e Regiment de Dragons)
Colonel-en-Second: 15 December 1813 (1er Regiment des Garde d�Honneur)
General-de-Brigade: 8 March 1813
Died: 2 September 1847

Mathan, (Georges de)

Born: 17 August 1771
Colonel-Major: 8 April 1813
Chevalier of the Leion d�Honneur: 31 March 1812
Died: 27 July 1840��

Castellane, (Esprit-Victor-Elisabe-Boniface de)

Born: 21 March 1788
Colonel-Major: 21 June 1813
Chevalier of the Legion d�Honneur: 18 July 1809
Chevalier of the Empire: 15 August 1809
Died: 16 September 1862

Senior officers who served with the1er Regiment de Garde d�Honneur killed and wounded while in the service of France during the years 1791-1815

Randon de Pully (Charles-Joseph) � received no wounds
Picquet (Cyrille-Simon) � wounded 2 July 1793 and 13 March 1814
Mathan (Georges de) � received no wounds
Castellane (Esprit-Victor-Elisabe-Boniface de) � received no wounds

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 1er Regiment de Garde d�Honneur during the period 1813 - 1814

Officers killed: One
Officers died of wounds: None
Officers wounded: Twelve

Regimental War Record (battles and combats in which officers were killed or wounded)

1813: Leipzig
1814: Epernay, Reims, and Courtrai

Battle Honours

None

2e Regiment de Garde d�Honneur

Regimental History

1813: Created, 2e Regiment de Garde d�Honneur
1814: Disbanded

Colonels

1813: Lepic (Louis)
1813: Lagrange (Adelaide-Blaise-Francois-Lelievre de)

Colonels-en-Second

1813: Vallin (Louis)

Colonel-Majors

1813: Thomas de Pange (Marie-Jacques)
1813: Valon du Boucheron d�Ambrusac (Alexandre-Charles-Louis)

Three of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade

General Louis Lepic

Lepic, (Louis)

Born: 20 September 1765
Chef-de-Brigade: 26 March 1799 (15e Regiment de Chasseurs a Cheval)
Colonel-Major: 21 March 1805 (Grenadiers a Cheval de la Garde)
Colonel 8 April 1813 (2e Regiment de Garde d�Honneur)
General-de-Brigade: 13 February 1807
General-de-Division: 9 February 1813
Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 26 June 1809
Baron of the Empire: 3 May 1809
Died: 7 January 1827�������

General Adelaide Lagrange

Lagrange, (Adelaide-Blaise-Francois-Lelievre de)

Born: 21December 1766
Colonel: 8 September 1792 (15e Regiment de Dragons)
Colonel: 12 October 1792 (5e Regiment de Hussards)
Colonel: 5 October 1813 (2e Regiment de Garde d�Honneur)
General-de-Brigade: 25 June 1807
General-de-Division: 29 June 1809
Chevalier of the Legion d'Honneur: 11 December 1803
Officer of the Legion d'Honneur:14 June 1803
Died: 21 December 1833

Vallin, (Louis)

Born: 16 August 1770
Colonel: 1 March 1807 (6e Regiment de Hussards)
Colonel-en-Second: 15 December 1813 (2e Regiment de Garde d�Honneur)
General-de-Brigade: 5 December 1812
Chevalier of the Legion d'Honneur: 25 March 1804
Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 30 May 1809
Commander of the Legion d'Honneur: 13 September 1813
Grand Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 1 June 1813
Died: 25 December 1854

Thomas, (Marie-Jacques)

Born: 29 August 1770
Colonel-Major: 8 April 1813
Chevalier of the Legion d�Honneur: 28 November 1813
Count of the Empire: 22 October 1810
Died: 5 October 1850

Valon du Boucheron, (Alexandre-Charles-Louis)

Born: 12 June 1770
Colonel-Major: 21 June 1813
Died: 10 November 1843

Senior officers who served with the2e Regiment de Garde d�Honneur killed and wounded� while in the service of France during the years 1791-1815

Lepic (Louis) - wounded 21 September 1793, 26 March 1799 and 8 February 1807
Lagrange (Adelaide-Blaise-Francois-Lelievre de) � wounded 20 September 1792, 10 June 1807, and 21 May 1809
Vallin (Louis) � wounded 15 April 1809
Thomas de Pange (Marie-Jacques) � wounded 1814
Valon du Boucheron (Alexandre-Charles-Louis) � received no wounds

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 2e Regiment de Garde d�Honneur during the period 1813 - 1814

Officers killed: One
Officers died of wounds: None
Officers wounded: Two

Regimental War Record (battles and combats in which officers were killed or wounded)

1813: Leipzig
1814: Worms and Mayence

Battle Honours

None

3e Regiment de Garde d�Honneur

Regimental History

1813 : Created, 3e Regiment de Garde d�Honneur
1814 : Disbanded

Colonels

1813 : Segur (Philippe-Paul)

Colonels-en-Second

1813 : Vincent (Henri-Catherine-Baltazard)

Colonel-Majors

1813 : Valuces (Andre-Annibal)
1813 : Vachon de Briancon de Belmont (Cesar-Rene-Marie-Francoise-Rodolphe)

Two of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade

General Philippe Segur

Segur, (Philippe-Paul)

Born: 4 November 1780
Colonel: 3 September 1809 (Chevau-Legers de la Garde Nationale de Paris)
Colonel: 8 April 1813 (3e Regiment de Garde d�Honneur)
General-de-Brigade: 22 February 1812
Count of the Empire: 31 December 1809
Died: 25 February 1873

Vincent, (Henri-Catherine-Baltazard)

Born: 22 May 1775
Colonel: 23 August 1811(19e Regiment de Chasseurs a Cheval)
Colonel-en-Second: 15 December 1813 (3e Regiment de Garde d�Honneur)
General-de-Brigade: 15 December 1813
Officer of the Legion d'Honneur: 14 June 1813
Baron of the Empire: 25 August 1809
Died:24 December 1844

Saluces, (Andre-Annibal)

Born: 29 November 1776
Colonel-Major: 21 April 1813
Officer of the Legion d�Honneur: 28 November 1813
Baron of the Empire: 3 December 1809
Died: 27 May 1852

Vachon de Briancon de Belmont, (Cesar-Rene-Marie-Francoise-Rodolphe)

Born: 2 March 1770
Colonel-Major: 21 June 1813
Chevalier of the Legion d�Honneur: 19 February 1814
Died:� 13 March 1814 (killed at Rheims)

Senior officers who served with the3e Regiment de Garde d�Honneur killed and wounded while in the service of France during the years 1791-1815

Segur � wounded 24 December 1806, 30 November 1808, and 13 March 1814
Vincent� - wounded 25 December 1800 and 23 May 1807
Saluces � received no wounds
Vachon de Briancon de Belmont� - received no wounds

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 3e Regiment de Garde d�Honneur during the period 1813 - 1814

Officers killed: One
Officers died of wounds: Three
Officers wounded: Nineteen

Regimental War Record (battles and combats in which officers were killed or wounded)

1813: Leipzig and Hanau
1814: Saverne, Meaux, Craonne, Reims, Landau, and Paris

Battle Honours

None

4e Regiment de Garde d�Honneur

Regimental History

1813: Created, 4e Regiment de Garde d�Honneur
1814: Disbanded

Colonels

1813: Saint-Sulpice (Raymond-Gaspard Bonardy de)

Colonels-en-Second

1813: Merlin (Antione-Francois-Eugene)

Colonel-Majors

1813: Monteil (Joseph)
1813: Clermont-Tonnierre (Jules-Gaspard-Ainard de)

Two of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade

General Saint-Sulpice

Saint-Sulpice, (Raymond-Gaspard Bonardy de)

Born: 23 October 1761
Colonel: 26 October 1792 (12e Regiment de Dragons)
Chef-de-Brigade: 30 March 1797 (5e Regiment de Chasseurs a Cheval)
Chef-de-Brigade: 5 May 1799 (19e Regiment de Cavalerie)
Colonel: 8 April 1813 (4e Regiment de Garde d�Honneur)
General-de-Brigade: 24 March 1803
General-de-Division: 14 February 1807
Count of the Empire: 6 June 1808
Died: 20 June 1835

Merlin, (Antione-Francois-Eugene)

Born: 27 December1778
Colonel: 1 September 1810 (1er Regiment de Hussards)
Colonel-en-Second: 15 December 1813 (4e Regiment de Garde d�Honneur)
General-de-Brigade: 14 July 1813
Chevalier of the Empire: 20 July 1808��������������������������������������
Died: 31 August 1854

Monteil, (Joseph)

Born: 7 May 1760
Colonel-Major: 21 April 1813
Chevalier of the Legion d�Honneur: 14 June 1804
Chevalier of the Empire: 6 October 1810
Died: 29 March 1826

Clermont-Tonnierre, (Jules-Gaspard-Ainard de)

Born: 9 August 1769
Colonel-Major: 21 June 1813
Chevalier of the Legion d�Honneur: 7 June 1807
Died: 14 April 1837

Senior officers who served with the 4e Regiment de Garde d�Honneur killed and wounded� while in the service of France during the years 1791-1815

Saint-Sulpice � wounded 8 February 1807
Merlin � received no wounds
Monteil - 8 May 1793, 2December 1805 and 22 April 1809
Clermont-Tonnierre � received no wounds

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the 4e Regiment de Garde d�Honneur during the period 1813 - 1814

Officers killed: None
Officers died of wounds: None
Officers wounded: Four

Regimental War Record (battles and combats in which officers were killed or wounded)

1813: Leipzig
1814: Strasbourg

Battle Honours

None

Legion de Gendarmerie d�Elite

Regimental History

1801: Created, Gendarmes d�Elite
1815: Disbanded

Colonels

1801: Savary (Anne-Jean-Marie-Rene)
1810: Durosnel (Antoine-Jean-Auguste-Henri)

Colonel-Majors

1804: Jacquin (Jean-Baptiste)
1808: Henry (Jean-Pierre)

All of the above officers attained the rank of General-de-Brigade

Savary, (Anne-Jean-Marie-Rene)

Born: 26 April 1774
Chef-de-Brigade: 29 January 1800
Chef-de-Brigade: 5 September 1801 (Gendarmes d�Elite)
General-de-Division: 1 February 1805
General-de-Gendarmerie: 20 March 1815
Grande Cross of the Legion d�Honneur : 25 February 1807
Duke of the Empire: 23 May 1808 (Duc de Rovigo)
Died: 2 June 1833

General Antoine Durosnel

Durosnel, (Antoine-Jean-Auguste-Henri)

Born: 9 November 1771
Chef-de-Brigade: 28 July 1799 (16e Regiment de Chasseurs a Cheval)
Colonel : May 1812 (Gendarmes d�Elite)
General-de-Brigade: 24December 1805
General-de-Division: 16 April 1809
Count of the Empire: 24 April 1808 Died: 5 February 1849

Jacquin, (Jean-Baptiste)

Born: 16 December 1759
Colonel-en-Second: 5 July 1805
General-de-Brigade: 30 May 1808
Officer of the Legion d�Honneur: 14 June 1804
Baron of the Empire: 22 November 1808
Died: 3 March 1841

Henry, (Jean-Pierre)

Born: 1 October 1757
Colonel-Major: 30 May 1808
General-de-Brigade: 6 May 1812
Commander of the Legion d�Honneur: 25 December 1812
Baron of the Empire: 3 May 1809
Died: 22 February 1835

Senior officers who served with the Gendarmes d�Elite killed and wounded while in the service of France during the years 1791-1815

Savary � received no wounds
Durosnel � wounded 20 November 1805 and 22 May 1809
Jacquin � wounded 30 May 1796 and 2 May 1808
Henry � wounded 19 April 1797 and 15 June 1799

Officers killed and wounded while serving with the Gendarmes d�Elite� during the period 1804 - 1815

Officers killed: Two
Officers died of wounds: Four
Officers wounded: Nine

Regimental War Record (battles and combats in which officers were killed or wounded)

1806: Jena
1808: Madrid and Saragosse
1812: Beresina and Wilna
1813: Posen, Lutzen, and Leipzig
1814: Arras
1815: Ligny and Waterloo

Battle Honours

None

Bibliography

Brunon J & R. Les Eclaireurs de la Garde Imperiale 1813 � 1814; Marseille.
Bucquoy E.-L. Les Gardes d�Honneur du Premier Empire; Nancy; 1908.
Chelminski, J.V.� L�Armee du Duche de Varsovie; Paris 1913.
Fallou, L. Le Garde Imperiale (1804-1815); Paris 1901.
Fieffe, E. Napol�on 1er et la Garde Imperiale; Paris 1859.
Fieffe, E. Histoire des Troupes Etranger au service de France; Paris 1854, 2 Vols.
Lachouque, H. Napol�on et la Garde Imperiale
Lomier, Dr. Histoire des Regiments de Garde d�Honneur 1813-1814; Paris; 1924.
Martinien A. Tableaux par Corps et par Batailles des officiers tues et blesses pendant les guerres de l�Empire; Paris 1899, 2 Vols.����������
Mullie C. Biographies des Celebrites Militaire des Armees de terre et de mer de 1789-1850; Paris 1851, 2 Vols.
Quintin D. and B.� Dictionnaire des Colonels de Napol�on; Paris 1996.
Sainte-Hilaire, Emile-Marco de. Histoire anecdotique,politique et militaire de la Garde Imperiale; Paris 1847.
Six G. Dictionnaire Biographique des Generaux et Amiraux Fran�ais de la Revolution et de l�Empire 1792-1814; Paris 1934, 2 Vols.

 

 

Placed on the Napoleon Series: March 2003

 

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