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War of the 2nd Coalition

War of the 2nd Coalition

War of the 2nd Coalition (with Napoleon's 2nd Italian Campaign)

12 March 1799 – 27 March 1802

Comments
The War of the 2nd Coalition The Second Coalition starts with the organisation on 24th december 1798 by Czar Paul I of Russia and ends with the Peace of Lunéville on 9th of february 1801 (with Britain: Amiens on 27th march 1802).
Members of the 2nd Coalition: Russia, Britain, Austria, Ottoman Empire, Portugal, Naples, Vatican.

The 2nd Coalition War has the following campaigns:

  • Italian Campaign of 1799: November 1798 (French under Joubert overrun Piedmont) until 4th of november 1799 (Melas defeats Championnet and the French are driven back across the Alps).
  • Campaign in Switzerland of 1799: March 1799 (French under Masséna march into Vorarlberg and Grisons) until October 1799 (Suvorov’s retreat over the St. Gotthard Pass).
  • Netherlands Campaign of 1799: August 1799 (Duke of York’s troops invade the Netherlands) until 18th august 1799 (Convention of Alkmaar).
  • Italian Campaign of 1800 (Napoleon’s 2nd Italian Campaign): 6th of april 1800 (start of the Austrian offensive) until 15th of june 1800 (Armistice of Alessandria).
  • German Campaign of 1800: may 1800 (start of the french offensive under Moreau) until 9th of february 1801 (Peace of Lunéville).

1799/03/21
Battle of Osterach
Austrian victory

France Austria
Jourdan Archduke Charles

 


1799/03/25
1st Battle of Stockach
Austrian victory

France Austria
Jourdan Archduke Charles
Troops: 35000 (11), 40000 (12) 60000 (11&12)
Losses: Total 5000 (12)

 


1799/04/05
Battle of Magnano
French victory

France Austria
Schérer Kray

 


1799/04/27
Battle of Cassano
Russian/Austrian victory

France Russia/Austria
Moreau Suworov

 


1799/05/25
Engagement of Frauenfeld
French victory

France Austria
Oudinot/Soult Petratsch
Losses: KIA 228 (10)
WIA 549 (10)
KIA 742 (10)
WIA 1421 (10)
Prisoners 2986 (10)

 


1799/06/04 – 1799/06/07
1st Battle of Zürich
Austrian victory

France Austria
Masséna Archduke Charles
Losses: Total “heavily” (12) Total 3000 (12)

 


1799/07/17 – 1799/07/19
Battle at the Trebbia
Russian/Austrian victory

France Russia/Austria
Macdonald Suworov
Troops: 36000 (12)
Losses: Total 8000 (12) Total 12000 (12)

 


1799/08/14
Action of Zürich
Austrian victory

France Austria
Masséna Archduke Charles

Comments
This action is very seldom mentioned in the books. It is not one of the two commonly cited battles of Zürich (see above and beneath).


1799/08/15
Battle of Novi
Russian/Austrian victory

France Russia/Austria
Joubert>Moreau Suworov
Troops: 40000 (11), 59000 (12) 50000 (11), 68000 (12)
Losses: KIA&WIA 6500 (12)
Prisoners 4000 (12)
Total 8000 (12)

Comments
Death of Joubert.


1799/09/19
1st Battle of Bergen
French victory

France Britain/Russia
Brune York

Comments
Was better known as the battle of Bergen (officially, there were 2 villages, Bergen and Bergen-aan-Zee, the battle mostly being fought and decided in the centre of the village of Bergen proper)


1799/09/25
Action at the Teufelsbrücke
French victory

France Russia(Allies)
Loison Suvorov

 


1799/09/25 – 1799/09/26
2nd Battle of Zürich
French victory

France Russia/Austria
Masséna Korsakov
Troops: 60000 (11) 63000 (11)
Losses: KIA 2000 (12)
Prisoners 5000 (12)
Total 5000 (12)

 


1799/10/02
2nd Battle of Bergen (Battle of Alkmaar)
British/Russian victory

France Britain/Russia
Brune Abercomby

Comments
Was best known as the battle of Egmont-aan-Zee or Egmont-op-Zee. The result of the battle was that the British and Russians could occupy Alkmaar 2 days later, but Alkmaar itself was never fought in or over.


1799/10/06
Battle of Castricum
French victory

France Britain/Russia
Brune/Vandamme York

 


1800/03/02
2nd Battle of Stockach
French victory

France Austria
Moreau Kray

 


1800/04/19 – 1800/06/04
Siege of Genoa
Austrian victory

France Austria
Masséna Ott

Comments
Some sources claim the beginning of this siege as the 1799/11/04.

Ott is often referred as “Von Ott.”


1800/05/03
3rd Battle (Action) of Stockach
French victory

France Austria
Lecourbe (Moreau) Kray
Losses: Total 4000 (12)

 


1800/05/05
Battle of Möskirch
French victory

France Austria
Moreau Kray
Troops: 60000 (12)
Losses: Total 3500 (12) Total 5000 (12)

 


1800/05/16
Battle of Ulm
French victory

France Austria
Moreau Kray

 


1800/06/09
Battle of Montebello
French victory

France Austria
Lannes Ott
Troops: 6000(at the beginning)-12000 (12) 17000 (12)
Losses: Total 500 (12) Total 4000 (12)

Comments
The initially 6000 French under Lannes were reinforced by the another 6000 of Victor’s Division.


1800/06/14
Battle of Marengo
French victory

France Austria
Napoleon Melas
Troops: 23700 – 28000 (1), 28000 (11) , 24000 (12) 31000 (1&11&12)
Losses: Total 5835 (3), 7000 (1&12) Total 9402 (3), 14000 (1&12)

Comments
At 4.00 pm the battle seemed to be won by the Austrians. But thanks to the reinforcements of the French led Desaix, France won the battle. The battle has a lot of similarities with Waterloo. One of the most vital battles for Napoleon.


1800/06/19
Battle of Höchstadt
French victory

France Austria
Moreau Kray

 


1800/12/03
Battle of Hohenlinden
French victory

France Austria
Moreau Archduke John
Troops: 57000 (11) 60000 (11)
Losses: Total 5000 (12) Total 18000 (12)

 


1800/12/25
Battle of Mincio River
French victory

France Austria
Brune Bellegarde

 


Contact Martin Liechty for any information about these pages.