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Our Allies the Bavarians – Chapter VII: Uniforms of the Bavarian Troops from 1805-1813

Our Allies the Bavarians – Chapter VII: Uniforms of the Bavarian Troops from 1805-1813

Our Allies the Bavarians – Chapter VII: Uniforms of the Bavarian Troops from 1805-1813

(KNÖTEL, Uniformenkunde and Handbuch).

1. Infantry.

The whole Bavarian army had received, in 1789, a uniform of the same cut for the various arms, and as headdress a kind of leather helmet, with visor, garnished on the front with a copper plate emblazoned and ending on top with a lion’s head forming a crest; a short mane fell in back.  The coat, white for the infantry, bore the distinctive colours of the regiments at the collar, lapels, facings and turn-backs; the regiments, in sets of two having the same distinctive colour, were differentiated by the colour of the buttons; grey breeches and black gaiters, with white belts crossed on the chest; black leather epaulettes trimmed with copper.

In 1799, the infantry’s coat became sky blue, as it had been before the 1789 regulations, but the regiments retained the colours of the previous system.  Rumford, the reorganizer of the Bavarian army, called for adoption of the famous helmet with chenille whose use was to become general thereafter, even in foreign armies; this helmet was decorated on the front with a copper plate surmounted by a crown, and two chains hanging on each side from lion heads; the name of the regiment was inscribed on a metal band placed above the visor.  In 1803, the grenadiers received red plumes, and in 1804 the chasseurs took the colour green.  It was not until 1805 that the officers gave up the hat they had kept until then, for a helmet of the model of the troop but whose caterpillar was made of bearskin.  The white and sky blue cockade was attached in 1806 to the left side of the helmet.  Since November 1807, the bag ceased to be worn as a shoulder case; it was now supported using two straps passing over the shoulders.  In 1808, the officers abandoned the grey breeches to adopt the white breeches, like the troops; they also wore a sky blue pants.  The horse tails had disappeared during the course of the campaign of 1805.

According to the Bavarian Yearbook of 1811, the distinctive colours of line infantry regiments were as follows:

 

NAME OF REGIMENT. REVERSE

and

facings.

COLLAR. PIPING. BUTTONS.
1.  Of the King König)…………………………………………………… Red. Red. (None). White.
2.  Prince-Royal (Kronprinz)……………………………………………. Id. Id. Id. Yellow.
3.  Prince-Charles…………………………………………………………… Id. Id. White. Id.
4.  Saxe-Hildburghausen…………………………………………………. Yellow. Yellow. Red. White.
5. Preysing……………………………………………………………………. Rose. Rose. (None). Id.
6.  Duke-William……………………………………………………………. Red. Red. White. Id.
7.  Löwenstein-Wertheim………………………………………………… Rose. Pink. (None). Yellow.
8.  Duke-Pius…………………………………………………………………. Yellow. Yellow. Red. Id.
9.  Isembourg…………………………………………………………………. Id. Red. Id. Id.
10.  Junker…………………………………………………………………….. Id. Id. Id. White.
11.  Kinkel…………………………………………………………………….. Black. Id. Id. Id.
13.  (Unnamed)………………………………………………………………. Black. Id. Id. Yellow.

The 12th Regiment did not exist; it had been dissolved for mutiny.

All the regiments had red turn-backs and white cloth breeches tucked into black gaiters.  The coat of the 1st Regiment was decorated with buttonholes of white braid; that of the 2nd Regiment had similar buttonholes but of yellow braid.

The officers’ scarves, silver and sky blue, put back into use in 1800, were again abolished in 1812:  the officers then wore the French gorget.

2. Light infantry and chasseurs.

The Bavarian light infantry battalions wore dark green coats, black cuffs and facings, red piping and turn-backs; the pants were grey and long.  The carabineers, who in these light troops held the place of the grenadiers in the line infantry, had a green plume on their chenille helmets.  Otherwise everything else, was like in the line infantry.

Distinctions from the battalions, in 1811:

 

NAME OF THE BATTALION. COLLAR. BUTTONS.
1.  Gédoni…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. Red. Yellow.
2.  Wrède……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… Id. White.
3.  Bernclau………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. Black. Id.
4.  Théobald…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. Id. Yellow.
5.  Buttler…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. Yellow. White.
6.  La Roche…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. Id. Yellow.

 

A 7th Battalion (Günter) had a sky blue collar and white buttons.

Abolished in 1815, the “light battalions” were replaced by “battalions of jäger”.

In 1805, a body of “mounted and foot jäger” was created:  the riders wore a long green coat with a single row of buttons; yellow collar, cuffs and piping; long grey trousers with yellow band, yellow epaulettes and tricorn hat trimmed with a white and sky blue plume; black kit, sabre and sabretache; finally, green shabraque cut to a point from behind. The foot jäger wore the same outfit, but the infantry’s chenille helmet, breeches in black gaiters, the artillery sabre and a tawny leather bag.

When the Tyrol was given to Bavaria, Bavarian “Tyrolean Jäger” were also organized.  This body received the dark green coat, without lapels, with sky-blue collar, cuffs and piping, grey breeches and a shako with green plume; the buttons were white.

3. Dragoons.

The two regiments of dragoons existing in 1789 having a coat  of the general model of white colour, with the white collar and the turn-backs and facings black; white buttons in the 1st Regiment, and yellow in the 2nd.  Helmet of the general model, with white mane.  The chenille helmet was adopted in 1800.

The 1st Dragoons (de Minucci), formerly a cuirassier regiment, in 1804 took on the distinctive red colour at the collar, lapels, facings and piping.  In the field it wore grey trousers with a red stripe; red shabraque with white and sky blue braid.  The regiment became in 1811 the 1st Light Horse Regiment.

The 2nd Dragoons (formerly “cuirassiers de Beauvau”) bore the name “Taxis”; it had black as the distinctive colour on the collar, lapels, cuffs and piping, and in 1811 became the 2nd Light Horse Regiment.

4. Light Horse.

The light horse were a creation of Rumford; when the latter reorganized the Bavarian army, four regiments were formed in 1790.  Their uniform was of the unique type then in service, with white mane helmet, green coat and waistcoat, collar the color of the coat background, and black horse hair epaulettes edged with copper, as in the whole army; grey pants and shabraque.  The first two regiments had black cuffs, facings, and turn-backs –the last two, apple green; even regiments wore the yellow button; odd regiments, the white button.  The kit was white; on the shabraque, white sheepskin edged with green.

In 1800, the chenille helmet, with visor and neck cover was adopted.  The cut of the coat was modified, the lining took on the basic colour, and the piping the distinctive colour; shoulder pads with fringes, set far back; white feather, short-cuffed gloves and gray breeches tucked in Hungarian-style boots.

The 2nd and 3rd Light Horse (Prince-Elector and Leiningen) received the distinctive scarlet colour and red turn-backs. The 1st and 4th (Prince-Royal and Bubenhofen) took the red piping around the distinctive black parts (1803).

In 1811, the two regiments of dragoons were transformed into light horse; they took numbers 1 and 2 of this arm and received the distinctive red color, but with the green collar of the background colour.

Since 1804, the officers, to spare the white breeches –with which the troops are also provided– wear long gray trousers with bands of the distinctive color; the giverns and their banners were in silver, the shabraque red with gold or silver braid for the officers, and edged with a white braid with sky-blue diamonds for the troops.

Instinctive colours in 1811:

 

NAME

of the regiment.

REVERSE

turn-back,

facings.

COL. PIPING. BUTTONS.
1.  (No name)……………………………………………………………… Red. Green. (None). White.
2.  Taxis……………………………………………………………………… Id. Id. Id. Yellow.
3.  Crown-Prince…………………………………………………………. Black. Black. Red. Id.
4.  Of the King……………………………………………………………. Red. Red. (None). White.
5.  Leiningen………………………………………………………………. Id. Id. Id. Yellow.
6.  Bubenhofen……………………………………………………………. Black. Black. Red. White.

 

A 7th Regiment of Light Horse (Prince-Charles), formed with volunteers and national guards of the 2nd class after the disasters of the Russian campaign and organized in 1813, received the green coat without lapels, with red collar, facings and piping, and a single row of white buttons; green breeches, white kit, red shabraque trimmed in white, shako with visor and neck cover with copper plate, falling plume and white cords; epaulettes in white metal scales. This regiment did not enter into the campaign until after Bavaria had withdrawn from the Confederation of the Rhine and fought for the first time in Hanau, against us.

 

5. Artillery, Pioneers, Train.

In 1791, the artillery uniform ceased to be grey with distinctive blue parts; it was dark blue, with black cuffs and tabs edged with red piping with red collar and cuffs; it featured Rumford’s black chenille helmet with neck cover, dark blue breeches; yellow buttons; the kit was no longer yellow, but white.

The dress of the mounted artillery had the same cut as that of the light horse, but the same colours and distinctions as that of the foot artillery, the same yellow metal scale epaulettes and the same red plume.

The pioneers were distinguished from the artillerymen only by the colour of the buttons, which they had white; this distinction is still the same today.

The artillery train wore light grey coat and breeches, with blue collar and cuffs.  The troop had the sabre of infantry suspended from the shoulder by a black harness, the non-commissioned officers the sabre of cavalry, and the officers, since 1812, the white-banded cartridge case.

 

6. Generals and Staff.

Towards the end of the 18th Century, the uniform of the generals had the cut and the white colour adopted for the whole of the army; it only differed by a certain number of buttonholes bordered on the lapels.  In 1799 the coat became sky blue, with red collar, lapels and facings richly embroidered with silver.  The generals did not cease to wear the hat, trimmed in silver and adorned with a sky blue and white plume.

The staff officers wore the same attire as the general officers, but with the collar, lapels and facings in purple, with buttonholes of silver braid, silver aiguillettes, white waistcoat, breeches of the same and high boots with turn downs. The sash was the service badge; when it was suppressed in 1812, the generals, the aides-de-camp and the staff officers kept it; the aides-de-camp wore it in over the shoulder.

Since 1802, the Bavarian army wore the following insignia of rank, in front of the collar of the coat:

the second lieutenant, a narrow gold or silver braid, depending on the colour of the buttons;

the lieutenant, 2 narrow stripes;

the captain, 3 narrow stripes;

the major, a braid bordering the entire collar and a narrow braid on the front;

the lieutenant-colonel, the same border braid and 2 narrow braids;

the colonel, the same border braid and 3 narrow braids.

The lower ranks were likewise determined by stripes of white or yellow wool; the “gefreite” wore a narrow woollen braid, as did the corporal, but the latter had in addition the entire collar edged with a yellow or white braid: the sergeant had two narrow braids, and the sergeant-major three with the border strip in the colour of the buttons.

_________________________________________________

Iconographic sources consulted in relation to the uniforms of the Bavarian troops (1805-1813)

(All the plates cited are coloured.)

from BASSET.  —Foreign Troops.  Collection of 73 plates in-8o published around 1815, in Paris, at Basset, merchant of prints, rue Saint-Jacques, no. 64.  (Several pieces in this series have not been engraved; their originals appear in the collections of M. Cotterau.)

No. 67.  Bavarian dragoon.

BAUREGEL.  —Ansicht der König. Baier.  Truppen in Lager bey Farth Sept. 1808.  (Collection of M. Cottreau).

from BÜCHNER.  —König. Baiersche und Kaiserlich.  Russische Tirailleurs.  Nurnberg, in lithographischen Verlag bei G. Büchner. Georg Adam inv. of 1812  (Collection of M. Cottreau).

Ambushed Bavarian infantry firing at Cossacks.

CAMPE (Fr).  —Bavarian Military Costumes of the First Empire.

Bürger Militair.

König. Baiersche Gendarmerie.

Baiersche National-Garde 2nd Class.

from CASTIAUX (image library).  –Printer of Blocquel, Lille; or more precisely: Printer e Blocquel-Castiaux, Lille.  Images of the time, drawings and often inaccurate colours.

No. 317. Foreign troops. Bavarian soldiers (3 ranks on foot).

ELECTORATE OF BAVARIA. —Schema der Churpfalz Bayerischen Army, 1777.  14 plates, small in-4o.  (Library of M. Cottreau.)

  1. Officer:  Regiment Churprinz.
  2. Gemeine: Regiment Ramboldi.
  3. (Schemas):      Hofkriegsrath, Generalitât, General-Adjudant, Commandantschaft, Leibgarde der Hartschiere, Pensionirter Officer.

4, 5, 6. (Schemas):  (Infantry regiments).

  1. Cürassier: Officer.
  2. Cüraissier.

9. (Schemas):  (Regiments of cuirassiers).

  1. Dragoner: Officers.
  2. Dragoner.
  3. (Schemas): (Dragoons).
  4. (Schemas): (Foot jäger).
  5. (Schemas): (Artillery, Engineers, Invalides).

from MARTIN ENGELBRECHT.  —Military Types of the Empire.  5 small plates in-8, s. 1. n. d. (around 1807). (Library of M. Glasser.)

A corporal of the Royal Bavarian Prince Charles Regiment.

A Royal Bavarian dragoon officer.

A Royal Bavarian dragoon.

An officer of the Royal Bavarian light horse.

A Royal Bavarian light horse.

BOURGEOIS GUARD OF BAVARIA. —Uniformirung und Organisation der Bürger-Militairs in dem Königreiche  Baiern, 1807 (s.1.). A vol. in-4o with 32 pages of text, 13 plates by Schiest and the music of the six marches  for the Garde Bourgeoise.

  1. Flag, standard, drum.
  2. Drum major, drum, fife.
  3. Fusiliers.
  4. Grenadiers.
  5. Infantry officers.
  6. Officers in cloak.
  7. Jäger.
  8. Artillery.
  9. Trumpet (on horseback).
  10. Cavalier (seen from the front).
  11. Cavalier (seen from behind).
  12. Cavalry officer (seen from the front).
  13. Cavalry officer (seen from behind).

from GENTY.  —German Troops (3o continuation of foreign military costumes).  From Genty, rue Saint-Jacques,      no. 14, Paris, 1815.  21 plates, in 8o.  (Several of these plates have not been engraved; their original drawings are in the collections of M. Cottreau and M. Millot.)

No. 15.  Confederation of the Rhine:  Bavarian light infantry.

No. 16.  Confederation of the Rhine:  Bavarian infantry in the field.

No. 17.  Confederation of the Rhine:  Bavarian infantry officer.

THE GIBERNE.  –Monthly illustrated publication.

1st series, additional number.  Bavarian dragoon officers in the service of France, 1809.  (M. Orange.)

from HERZBERG.  —Real Portraits of all the Military Costumes of Monarchs of Europe.  From Herzberg, K. K.  Akademische Kunsthandlung, Augsburg (1800-1810).  90 plates in-4o.  In this important collection, each nation is represented by a series of 5 plates (generally 2 for the infantry, 2 for the cavalry and 1 for the   artillery, the latter always in width).  Each plate contains several types.  France, Saxony and Bavaria were  the subject of two booklets; the bourgeoisie militia of Bavaria forms a special booklet of 7 plates (seele, Volz del; Ebner, Nilson, Kaumann sc.).

Electorate of Bavaria (7th booklet):

Infantry (three officers in hats, soldiers in helmets).

Infantry (jäger or light infantry).

Cavalry (one dragoon, two light horse).

Cavalry (three horsemen on foot, one of whom is in a cloak).

Artillery (artillerymen near a mortar: officers on horseback).

Kingdom of Bavaria (14th booklet):

Infantry (infantry in the bivouac, at night).

Infantry (jäger, carrying weapons).

Cavalry (dragoons and light horse).

Cavalry (dragoons and light horse).

Artillery (artillerymen cleaning a cannon).

Bourgeois Guard of the Kingdom of Bavaria.

Infantry (officers).

Infantry (fusiliers and grenadiers).

Infantry (drums and fifes).

Infantry (jäger).

Cavalry (officers).

Cavalry (cavalrymen).

Artillery (artillerymen).

HOHFELDER (K).  —Die Bayerische Bürger-Militair in allen Waffenfattungen und Uniformen, vom Jahre 1790 bis zum Jahre 1852.  32 plates in-4o, by Karl Hohfelder, Münich, 1853.

Pl. 19.  Bürger Schützen Officer, 1807.

Pl. 20.  Bürger Grenadier Tambour, 1807.

Pl. 21.  Officer Infantry, Gemeine, 1807.

Pl. 22.  Bürger Artillery Officer, Fuhrwessen, 1807.

Pl. 23.  Infantry Officer and Grenadier, 1812.

IMAGERY.  –Bey Jos. Sidler, München, Kaufingergasse.  (Imagery from the period of the First Empire. Collection                 of M. Cottreau.)

Königlich Baierische Grenadier Garde.

König. Baierische Light Horse.

KNÖTEL (Richard).  —Uniformenkunde, Rathenow, Max Babenzien.  –Publication started in 1890.  Each volume    includes 12 issues, each having 5 plates and 4 pages of text. l. e. 16th volume of this very important work is       in the process of being published.  The Roman numbers is that of the volume, and the Arabic numbers that                of the plate.

I.4. –1809.          10th Infantry Regiment:  grenadier drummer.

VI. 41. –1809.    5th Infantry Regiment: skirmishers.

2nd Infantry Regiment: officer of grenadier and fusilier (*).

II.33. –1812. 3rd Light Infantry Battalion (*).

I. 9. –1804. 2nd Regiment of Dragoons (*).

VI. 33. –1807. 1st Regiment of Dragoons.

VII. 11. –1811.    4th Light Horse Regiment (*).

III. 41. –1813.      7th Light Horse Regiment:  officer, light horse, flanker.

IX. 29. –1802. Horse artillery:  gunners, officer.

Foot artillery:  gunners, officer.

II. 4. –1812. Foot artillery:  officer, artillerymen, artillery train (*).

IV. 6. –1814. Grenadier Regiment of the Guard:  officer, non-commissioned officer, grenadier.

(*) The plates marked with an asterisk have been reproduced in this work, with the kind permission of Mr. R. Knötel.

LAS CASES (Count of).  —The Saint Helena Memorial, illustrated with 220 colour drawings by Bombled.  –Paris, Garnier Frères, 1893, 2 volumes in-8o with single pagination.

I. Page 929. Bavarian infantry.

II. Page 1489. Bavarian dragoons.

LIÈNHART AND HUMBERT.  —The Uniforms of the French Army from 1690 to the Present Day.  Leipzig, M. Ruhl. 1897. 5 volumes in-4o, text, types and coloured diagrams.

Volume V. Pl. 16. — Allied troops, Bavarians:

  1. Grenadier, 1st Infantry Regiment.
  2.     Drummer, 13th Infantry Regiment.

Diagrams: 1806.      Infantry:

1st Regiment, of the King.

2nd      —        Prince-Royal.

3rd       —        Prince-Charles.

4th       —        Saxe-Hildburghausen.

5th       —        Preysing.

6th       —        Duke-Guillaume.

7th       —        Lowenstein.

8th       —        Duke-Pius.

9th       —        Isenbourg.

10th       —        Junker.

11th       —        Kinkel.

12th       —        (no name).

13th       —        (no name).

Officer, 1st and 2nd Regiments.

Musicians.

Officer (1803-1805) in full dress and overalls.

Volume V. Pl. 17. –1806.  Staff officer.

General-lieutenant, campaign dress.

Diagrams:             Infantry:

3rd Regiment, second lieutenant.

4th          —      lieutenant.

9th          —      captain.

3rd          —      major.

8th          —      lieutenant colonel.

3rd          —      colonel.

Diagrams:             Staff:

General.

General-lieutenant, full and daily dress.

Major General.

Staff officer.

Officer of the suite (infantry and cavalry).

King’s aides-de-camp and orderly officers (cavalry and infantry).

Senior pensioner officer (cavalry).

Junior pensioner officer (infantry).

Reformed officer (infantry).

Volume V. Pl. 18. –1805. Foot jäger,  Tyrolean jäger.

Diagrams: 1807-1811.  The 3 regiments of Kinkel.

  1.   14th Infantry Regiment, 3rd and 4th Regiments, drummers.

Diagrams: 1783. Jäger of Palatinate.

—   of Juliers.

—   of Bavaria.

—   of Berg.

  1.     —   of Salern (officer and soldier).

—   of Schweigel (officer and soldier).

  1. 5th and 6th Battalions.
  2. Foot jäger.

Horse jäger.

Volume V. Pl. 19. –1811.  Light infantry, 5th Battalion.

  1.   Light Horse, 7th Regiment.
  2.   Dragoon, 2nd Regiment.

Drawings: 1811. Light Infantry:

1st Battalion, Gédoni.

2nd      —         Wrede.

3rd      —         Bernclau.

4th      —         Théobald.

5th      —         Buttler.

6th      —         La Roche.

7th      —         Günter.

Tyrolean jäger:  officer and jäger.

  1. Dragoons:  1st and 2nd Regiments.
  2.         —        1st and 2nd Regiments.
  3.         —         in horse pants.
  4. Light Horse: 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th Regiments.

Volume V. Pl. 20. –1811.  Light Horse:  5th Regiment, trumpeter.

Artillery:  officer.

Garrison companies:  officer.

Diagrams:             Light Horse:

1st Regiment (no name).

2nd       —       Taxis

3rd        —       Crown-Prince.

4th        —        of the King.

5th        —        Leiningen.

6th        —        Bubenhofen.

  1. Light Horse:  1st, 2nd, 7th Regiments, officer.

1801-1811. Artillery: officer and soldier.

1810-1812. Train:  officer and soldier.

  1. Garrison companies:  officer and soldier.

Volume V. Pl. 21. –1806.  Helmet of infantry grenadier.

  1. Helmets of artillery (officer and soldier).

—          light horse officer.

  1.       —          carabineer of infantry.
  2.   Buttons. –1809.  Can. –1812. satchels (grenadier and carabineer).

Officer’s sword.  Non commissioned officer and fusilier sabres.

Volume V. Pl. 22. Diagrams: Corps of cadets:  officer, cadet (old and new uniform).

Mobile Legions: 1st, 2nd and 3rd Bn.

Officer in town.

  1. Dragoon helmet.
  2. Light Horse shabraque (officers and troops).

Angles of shabraque and counter-epaulettes of light horse.

  1. Shakos of the 7th Light Horse (officers and troops).

Shabraque of the 7th Light Horse.

Volume V. Pl. 23. –1806.  General:  full dress and back of this dress, collar, facing, buttonholes.

General-lieutenant:  coat and vest of daily dress.  Back of this coat.

Brass caps and shabraque angle for general officers.

Volume V. Pl. 24. –1806.  Hats (general officer and staff officer).

Helmet plate.

1806-1810.  Infantry police cap.

  1.   Police cap for light horse; Basque clothing.

Belts (general, superior and cavalry officers).

CAPTAIN OF MANDRES and COMMANDER SAUZEY. —France on Campaign.  A Century of Wars (1800-1900).  –A hundred plates of military uniforms drawn from authentic documents by Captain Rozat de Mandres, with short historical notes by Commander Sauzey.  1 volume in-4o Jesus, Paris, Leroy, 1906.

Pl. 24. –1806.  Allied troops. Bavaria. 1st Dragoons, 3rd Light Horse.

Pl. 50. –1812.  Allied troops. Bavaria. 3rd Light Battalion, 6th Infantry Regiment.

from MARTINENT.  —Foreign Troops.  Suite of 56 plates in-8o, from Martinent, bookseller, rue du Coq, nos 13  and 15, Paris, 18007-1815.

Pl. 22. –Bavarian light horse:  officer.

Pl. 23. –Bavarian dragoon:  colonel.

Pl. 24. –Bavarian artillery:  captain.

Pl. 25. –Bavarian major general (*).

Pl. 33. –Grenadier of the Bavarian Royal Guard (1814).

Pl. 34. –Bavarian soldier.

(*) Plate reproduced in this volume.

MÜNICH UND BEHRINGER.  —Die Uniformes der Bayerischen Armée von 1682 bis 1848, von Münich und Behringer, München, Mey und Wildmayer. 72 plates in-4o.

General-Adjutant, 1805-1825.  Flügel-Adjudant, 1806-1825.

Engineer, 1811:  captain.

Fourrier, provost, auditor, chief doctor, commissioner of war. 1804-1825.

Cadet Corps; students, 1805-1825.

Archers, 1806-1821.  Exempt, 1806.

Mounted country jäger, 1805-1808.

Gendarmerie (on foot and on horseback):  officer, 1812-1825.

Infantry, 1805-1811.   2nd Regiment, Kronprinz:  drum major.

5th Regiment, Preysing, senior officer.

9th Regiment, Isenbourg, then Wrede:  Junker.

Light infantry

battalions, 1800.  1st Battalion, Gédoni:  lieutenant of carabineers.

  1. 3rd Battalion, Bernclau:  carabineer.

5th Battalion, Buttler: officer.

Infantry,         1804-1817. 1st Regiment, König: officer.

2nd Regiment, Kronprinz: soldier.

4th Regiment, Sachsen-Hildburgglausen:  drummer.

7th Regiment, Löwenstein.

11th regiment, Kinkel:  pioneer.

Dragoons,      1800-1804. Regiment of Taxis (to become 2nd Light Horse).

Cuirassiers,    1800-1804. Regiment of Minucci (to become 1st Light Horse).

Light Horse,   1800. 3rd Regiment, Leiningen (to become 5th Regiment).

1804-1812. 2nd Regiment, König (to become 4th Regiment).

4th Regiment, Bubenhofen (to become 6th Regiment).

1803-1812. 1st Regiment, trumpeter.

2nd Regiment, König.

1st Regiment, Kronprinz.

1813-1815. 7th Regiment, Prinz-Karl: second lieutenant, cavalier, flanker.

Artillery,         1804-1811. Train:  corporal, 1808.

Light batteries:  second lieutenant, 1811.

Gunners, 1804 and 1808.

Drummer, 1806.

SAINT-FAI and ALIX. —Military Uniforms, 1815.  Suite of 14 wide folio plates, engraved by Alix; in Paris, at Noël, rue Saint-Jacques, no. 7.

No. 6.  Bavarian officers and soldiers (general, light horses, dragoons, artillerymen).

SAINT-HILAIRE (Marco). —History of the Russian Campaign in 1812.  Paris, Eugène and Victor Penaud, 1846.  2 volumes in-8o, with 30 plates by de Moraine.

  1. Infantry soldiers.
  2. Light horse officer.
  3. Artillery officer.
  4. Royal Guard:  grenadier on foot.

SELLIG (G.-V.).Nach der Schlacht von Hanau, 1813.  No 1. (Collection of M. Cottreau.)

(Convoy of French prisoners escorted by Bavarians.  A French sapper escapes, pursued by a light horse; the escort jostles the other prisoners, no doubt tempted to imitate him.  In front, a cart full of French wounded.)

Der Treue Schutzen Trompeter, 1807.  No 4. (Collection of M. Cottreau.)

(In the middle of a fight between Bavarians and Cossacks, a Bavarian infantry hornist supports his officer    who falls wounded with a lance.)

VENIURINI. —Russlands und Deutschlands Befreiungskriege vor der Franzosen-Herrschaft unter Napoleon  Bonaparte in den Jahren 1812-1815, Leipzig und Altenburg, 1816.  4 volumes in 18 with plates in black and 3 plates of military costumes in each volume.

Volume III.  Königel. Bayrisches Militair (light horse, artillery, infantry, Grenadier of the Guard).

VOLZ (Ioh.).  —Bavarian Army.  Augsburg, bei Herzberg (1813), Ioh. Volz del. Nilson se. Plates in-4o.

  1. Karl, Graf von Wrède.
  2. Königl. Baiersche     Gensdarmes.
  3.      —                             Guard Grenadier.
  4.      —                             Guard Cürassier.
  5.      —                             Infantry.
  6.      —                             Jaeger.
  7.      —                             Jaeger.
  8.      —                             National Garde, IInd Class.
  9.      —                             Chevauxlégers.
  10.      —                             Husaren.
  11.      —                             Artillery.
  12.      —                             Landwehr.
  13.          —                         Chevauxlégers und Ulanen.

VOLZ (Ioh.).  –Convoys of Prisoners, various pieces. (Collection of Mr. Cottreau.)

  1. K. Russian Prisoners of War who passed through Augsburg from the Battle of Austerlitz to France in  January 1806.  Taken from life.  Volz in Augsburg.

(Coloured piece, in width.  The Russian prisoners, miserably appearing, are escorted by cavaliers and Bavarian infantry:  one of these last strikes with a baguette.)

  1. French Prisoners of War on Transport through Bavaria 1814.  Ioh. Volz.,

Taken from life.  Augsburg near Herzberg.

(Piece in width, coloured.  French prisoners coming out of an edifice; a peasant wagon, stopped, cares for the most miserable, under the escort of a Bavarian gendarme on horse, sabre bared.             Other prisoners are pressed around a woman who distributes bread to them.)

WEILAND.  —The Imperial Army of France and its Allies.  Weimar, 1807 and 1812. 148 plates in-12; important       collection, donating not only the uniforms of French troops of the First Empire, but also those of the contingents of the Confederation of the Rhine, the Italians and the Poles.

Königl. Baiersch. General Staff.

Bavarian Infantry officer.

Königl. Bavarian grenadier.

—             Jaeger.

Bavarian horse artillery officer.

Bairischer Light Horse Officer.

Konigl. Bairischer Dragoner.

from WOLF.  —French and Foreign Armies.  Engraved plates, in-8o, without title or number, published under the      Premier Empire. Prague, bey F.-K. Wolf.

Bavarian Army:   Light-horse and two dragoons.

Chasseur, gunner, infantry officer (*).

Two infantry soldiers (**).

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(*) Plate reproduced in this work under the heading of Chapter VII.

(**) Sheet reproduced on page 277.