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The Napoleon Series > Biographies > Biographies

British Generals of the Napoleonic Wars´┐Ż 1793-1815
Stuart, John

By: Ron McGuigan

Stuart, John (1759 or 1761 - 1 April 1815)

Son of Colonel John Stuart.

Ensign 3rd Foot Guards 1778, Lieutenant & Captain 3rd Foot Guards 1782, Captain & Lieutenant Colonel 3rd Foot Guards 1793, Brevet Colonel 1796, Major General 1802, Lieutenant General Mediterranean 1808, Lieutenant General 1808.

Early service: North America 1778- 1781 and wounded, a prisoner of war 1781.

Service 1793-1815: Flanders 1793-1795. Brigadier General in Portugal 1796-1798 and in Minorca 1798-1799. Commanded a brigade Egypt 1800-1802 and British forces in Egypt 1802-1803. On the Home Staff 1803-1805. On staff Sicily 1805-1806 and commanded British force at battle of Maida 1806. Commander-in-Chief  Sicily 1807-1810, captured Ischia and Procida 1809 and defended Sicily against invasion 1810. Lieutenant Governor Grenada 1811. On Home Staff 1813-1814.

Knight 1804.  KB 1806. GCB 1815.

Created Count of Maida in peerage of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies 1806. This peerage was apparently recognized by British Authorities, September 1806, as he had received His Majesty’s Royal Licence and permission to assume the title.

Awarded  Ottoman Knighthood as Knight of the Imperial Order of the Crescent for his services in Egypt.  His knighthood was apparently  recognized by British Authorities, July 1803,  as he had received His Majesty’s Royal Licence  prior to the 1812 & 1813 regulations on receiving Foreign Decorations. This entitled him to rank as a Knight Bachelor and to be called Sir, although he was not made a British Knight at the time.

Colonel of Minorca Regiment [later renamed Queens’ German Regiment and 97th Foot] 1798-1806, 74th Foot 1806-1809, 20th Foot 1809-1815.

Placed on the Napoleon Series: August 2011


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