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Prussian Generals of the Napoleonic Wars  1793-1815

Prussian Generals of the Napoleonic Wars 1793-1815: Krafft, August Christian Lebrecht von

By: Digby Smith

Krafft, August Christian Lebrecht von (45/962) 

Born on 4 March 1740 in Delitz am Berge, Kreis Merseburg, just west of Leipzig, in Saxony. His father was Friedrich August Gottlieb and a Cornett in the Polish-Saxon Leibregiment-Kürassiere. On 7 October 1753 he entered Saxon military service as a cadet in the IR von Rochow. On 1 September 1756 he was promoted to Frch. On 15 October 1756 he, like the rest of the Saxon army, was captured by the Prussians at Pirna; Krafft was given a commission as Sklt (27 Oct 1756) in the new `Saxon` IR (in Prussian service) von Weitersheim Nr 1. This regiment fought at the battles of Prague, Kunersdorf (where Krafft was wounded) and Torgau, the clashes of Reichenbach, Crenau, Holitz, Ferbellin, Meissen and the sieges of Breslau and Olmütz (where he was again wounded). On 8 June 1758 he was transferred to the Prussian IR Graf Wied Nr 41 and on 29 November 1760 he was promoted to Prlt. On 17 June 1768 he was promoted to Stkpt and on 17 January 1773 he was promoted to Kpt and Kiech in the Füsilier Regiment von Krockow Nr 51. In 1778 - 1779 he served in the war against Austria. On 29 April 1784 he was promoted to Maj. On 6 October 1784 he was appointed to command a battalion. On 25 April 1791 he was appointed commanding officer of IR von Hanstein Nr 51. It was very rare for a major to enjoy regimental command. On 29 May 1791 his promotion to Obstlt followed. On 13 February 1793 he was promoted to Obst. From 1794 to 1795 he served in the war with Poland. On 10 November 1798 he was promoted to GM and appointed commandant of Breslau fortress, now Wroclaw on the Oder (Odra) in Poland. On 7 January 1807 Krafft was placed on the inactive list, due to the fact that Breslau had been surrendered to the French IX Corps the previous day by the governor of the city, GL von Thiele. The subsequent court of inquiry sentenced Krafft to one year`s imprisonment in a fortress. On 13 May 1811 - he was allowed to serve the rest of his sentence in the town of Neisse. He died on 20 December 1813 in Brieg. 


Placed on the Napoleon Series: March 2011


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