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The Napoleon Series > Government > Governments and Politics


The 1805 Treaty of Kurekchay

The Kurekchay Treaty was signed between Russia and Persia on May 14, 1805.

It was signed by Khan of Shusha and Qarabagh – Ibrahim – and the Russian Empire – General of Infantry Prince Pavel Tsitsianov – on the transfer of the Qarabagh Khanate under Imperial Russia’s dominion.

Its negotiation clauses do point out a valuable understanding: the Russian empire was gaining exclusively the Azerbaijani territories.

None of these documents contains any mentioning of Armenians or Armenian estates in the region.

The original copy text is preserved in the Central Historical Archive of the Azerbaijan Republic. 


In the name of God Almighty

We, i.e. Ibrahim Khan Shushinsky (of the city of Shusha) and Karabakhsky (of the khanata of Karabakh) and the General of infantry of all Russia’s troops, Caucasian inspection on infantry and others, Prince (knyaz) Pavel Tsitsianov with the full power given to me by His Emperor’s Highness The Dearest and Greatest Sir Emperor Alexander Pavlovich took up with the help of God the matter of granting everlasting citizenship of All-Russian Empire to Ibrahim Khan Shushinsky and Karabakhsky  with all family, posterity and possessions of his.

The Treaty was concluded, confirmed and signed with the following articles.

The first article

I, i.e. Ibrahim Khan Shushinsky on my behalf, on behalf of my heirs, successor abdicate any vassalage and whichever title it might be any dependence from Persia or any other state and in this way I declare the fact to the whole world that I do not consider myself and the successors of mine of having any power.

The only power we recognize is the Supreme Power of His Emperor’s Highness All Russia’s Great Emperor and his greatest heirs and successors of All Russia’s Emperor Throne.

I promise to keep faithfulness to the throne like faithful slave and to which I have to swear on Koran in accordance with the custom.

The second article

His Emperor’s Highness on behalf of his openhearted promise he gives his word of honor and reassures with His Emperor’s word of honor for himself and for his successors that favor and care towards Ibrahim Khan Shushinsky and Karabakhsky and will never cease to exist.

To prove this fact, His Emperor’s Highness gives the guarantee to keep the whole possessions and successors of His Magesty (Khan) intact.

The third article

To repay the openheartedness of Ibrahim Khan Shushinsky and Karabakhsky to recognize the supreme and sole power of All Russia’s Emperor over himself and his successors, this article states that he, the Khan and later his elder son and each elder successor when accepting the Khanate has the right to receive the Emperor’s confirmation on the Khanate from the Governor of Georgia.
It consists of the deed (official document), official state seal.

While receiving it, the new Khan is to take the oath to be faithful to the Russian Empire and to recognize the supreme and sole power of the Russian Emperor over himself and his successors.

The form of the oath is attached to this Treaty.

The present Ibrahim Khan Shushinsky and Karabakhsky took the oath in presence of the Governor of Georgia and General of Infantry Prince Tsitsianov.

The fourth article

I, i.e. Ibrahim Khan Shushinsky and Karabakhsky, to prove that my intentions towards my and my successors’ faithfulness to the All-Russian Empire and recognition of the Supreme and sole power of the highest possessors of the Empire, promise not to have any relations with neighboring possessors without preliminary consent of the Governor of Georgia.

And when the envoys from them come or the letters are sent, I promise to send the most important ones to the Governor and demand the solving of the questions from him and the ones with less importance to be reported and discussed with the person representing the Governor at my place.

The fifth article

His Emperor’s Highness accepts the recognition of his supreme and sole power over the possessions of Ibrahim Khan Shushinsky and Karabakhsky with good will and promises: 1) to treat the people of these possessions with the same honor as his own faithful citizens without sorting them out from those inhabiting the vast Russian Empire; 2) to preserve continuously the honor of Ibrahim Khan, his house, heirs and posterity in the area of Shusha Khanate; 3) to give all power of internal governing, court and persecution, income and its possession to Ibrahim Khan; 4) in order to guard Ibrahim Khan, his house and his possessions, I promise to send troops (500 persons) with cannons, headquarters and officers and in case of greater defense the Governor of Georgia will have to increase the number of troops due to circumstances to defend militarily the possessions of All Russia’s Empire.

The sixth article

I, i.e. Ibrahim Khan Shushinsky and Karabakhsky, in response of my faithful diligence make commitment: 1) At the beginning and later on to store up the necessary amount of wheat and corn by reasonable price determined by the Chief Governor because its supply from Elisavetpol is rather difficult or even must be stated as impossible. 2) The above mentioned troops should be provided with houses to stay in Shusha Fortress. They should be selected by the will of the Commander. They should be supplied with reasonable amount of firewoods. 3) To make the Elisavetpol bound entrance into Shusha Fortress comfortable and to build the rod suitable for arba passing. 4) It would be convenient for the government to build up a road from the Shusha Fortress in the direction of Jevad. The workmen must be paid the salary determined by the government.

The seventh article

His Emperor’s Highness showing his goodwill and kindness to his Majesty Ibrahim Khan, kindly presents his banner with the state Emblem of the Russian Empire which is to be kept with him as a symbol of the Khanate and power.

Nobody except the Khan has the right to carry it to war as it was presented by His Emperor’s Highness.

The eighth article

I, i.e. Ibrahim Khan Shushinsky and Karabakhsky, having His Emperor’s Highness permission to spend my usual income make the commitment to pay contribution into the exchequer treasury of His Emperor’s Highness in Tiflis 8.000 chervonets (gold piece coin) a year, to pay it in two halves.

First half on February 1st and the second half on September 1st beginning with the first payment of 4.000 chervonets.

Confirming the conclusion of this Treaty by His Emperor’s Highness and according to Asian tradition, besides the oath to faithfulness I pawn my elder son’s Mamed-Hassan-Aga’s son of the second Shukur-Ullah to stay forever in Tiflis.

The ninth article

His Emperor’s Highness kindly expressing his mercy as a taken of faithfulness guarantees His Majesty Khan’s grandson 10 rubles of Russian money a day.

The tenth article

The Treaty is concluded for ever and it is not to be subjected to any changes from now to forever.

The eleventh article

The confirmation of this Treaty by His Emperor’s Highness with the state sealed deed (official document) must be presented within 6 months after its signing or sooner if possible.

In confirmation of that the undersigned parties signed these articles in the camp of the Elisavetpol region near the Kurek River in summer of 1805 A.D. (Muhammedan 1220) on May 14th.


Placed on the Napoleon Series: May 2007

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