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France: Decrees on Trade 1793-1810

Extract of the Register of Arr�ts of the Committee of Public Safety, Finance, and Supplies. 25th Brumaire, 3rd year of the Republic, (November 18, 1794.)

The Committee of Public Safety, Finance, and Supplies, order as follows,

Art. 1.� The vessels of the United States of America, and those other neutral Powers, shall be permitted to enter the ports of the republic and retire from them when they please; nor shall it be permitted to any constituted authority to retard their departure, or to oblige the captains to sell their cargoes against their will.

Art. 2.� When the captains or owners of neutral vessels are disposed to sell their cargoes to the public, they shall be paid for them according to the bargain which they made.

Art. 3.� It is enjoined to all the commandants of naval armaments, fleets, divisions, and squadrons of the republic, to respect and cause to be respected, upon their responsibility, in favor of the neutral and allied Powers, the rights of nations and the stipulations of treaties, conforming themselves strictly to the terms of the decree of the Convention of the 27th July, 1793.

Art. 4.� In consequence, they are expressly prohibited from turning these vessels from their course; taking from on board of them their captains, sailors, or passengers, other than soldiers or sailors actually in the service of an enemy Power, or of seizing the effects or merchandise which shall be found in them.

Art. 5.� Are excepted from the prohibition contained in the preceding article�

1.� Merchandises belonging to the enemies of the republic, until such enemy Powers shall have declared that the merchandises of the French shall be free on board neutral vessels.

2.� Such merchandises of the neutral Powers, also, as are deemed contraband of war, and under which are comprised all arms, instruments, and munitions of war, and every kind of merchandise and other effects destined for an enemy's port actually seized or blockaded.

[Articles 6, 7, 8, and 9, regulate the manner of proceeding where neutral vessels are brought in, upon a presumption of having enemy's goods on board.]

Art. 10.� The Commission of Marine shall present, without delay, a statement of the individuals, born subjects of the Powers with whom the republic is at war, who were taken before the present day upon neutral vessels, that particular arr�ts may be taken in each case.

Art. 11.� The indemnities which are due to the captains of neutral Powers who were detained by an embargo at Bordeaux, shall be liquidated without delay by the Commission of Marine and Colonies, conformable to an arr�t of the Committee of Public Safety of the 17th Germinal; and this commission shall render an account, in the course of ten days, of the actual state of these demands.

Art. 12.� The Commission of Marine is specially charged to receive and adjust the accounts which shall be presented to it by an agent of the United States, for such supplies as the Americans have furnished to the administration of St. Domingo; and it shall take the necessary measures to procure to the parties interested the most prompt justice, and shall also present to the Committees of Public Safety, of Finance, Commerce, and Supplies, the result of its operations in these respects.

Art. 13.� The commission of Foreign Relations is instructed to deliver a copy of this arr�t to the minister plenipotentiary of the United States of America, in answer to his memorial of the 9th Fructidor (September 3) last.



Placed on the Napoleon Series March 2003


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