The Waterloo Association: Members Area

Get Involved:

Facebook Twitter Email
The Napoleon Series > Biographies > Biographies

Russian Generals of the Napoleonic Wars: Major General Vladimir Petrovich Dolgoruky

By Alexander Mikaberidze, FINS

(1773 24 November 1817)

Prince Vladimir Petrovich Dolgoruky was signed up for service immediately after birth and by 1781 was a sergeant. In 1783, he was promoted to junior aide-de-camp to Lieutenant General Nashokin. On 9 December 1784, he received the rank of flgel aide-de-camp, and in 1789 was promoted to general aide-de-camp to Prince Iuri Dolgoruky. On 4 November 1789, he received the rank of lieutenant colonel in the Alexanria Light Cavalry Regiment and in 1790 was transferred to Smolensk Dragoons. He took part in Gregory Potemkins campaigns against the Turks, and in 1794 joined Suvorov for the campaign in Poland. In 1795, he was promoted to colonel and commanded the Pavlograd Light Cavalry Regiment. In 1796, he participated in Count Valerian Zuboff's Persian Campaign. After the death of Catherine the Great, in 1796, Dolgoruky was arrested by the order of Paul I and unjustly court martialed. He was soon acquitted and promoted to major general on 5 December 1798. He was also awarded the Order of St. Joan of Jerusalem and joined the royal retinue. On 3 April 1799, Dolgoruky became chief of the Cavalry Guard Corps of Count Litta. In August, he was sent to Rimsky-Korsakovs corps and joined him on the eve of the battle of Zurich. He was then appointed to the military committee, but briefly returned to the army (February 1800) before being dismissed from the military on 19 March 1800. In November 1800, he was restored and commanded the Tatar-Lithuanian Regiment, but was again discharged in March 1801. After the accession of Alexander I, he was restored to service and appointed chief of the Tatar-Lithuanian Regiment. He successfully petitioned the tsar to send him to Kutuzovs army, and he arrived there on the eve of the battle of Austerlitz. In 1807, Dolgoruky was transferred to the Moldavian Army and captured an enemy supply magazine at Galati. Though he participated in other battles of 1807 campaign, his deteriorating health forced him to retire in early 1808. He spent rest of his life in Speshnev estate in Tula Gubernia. Dolgoruky died on 24 November 1817 in Moscow and was buried at Novodevichie Cemetery.

Placed on the Napoleon Series: September 2002