An Account of His Majesty’s De Meuron Regiment 1795-1816
Swiss Officers who served elsewhere in the British army:
Marechal Antoine de Salis Marschling 1782-1813 served under Wellington and in Sicily.
Lieutenant General Francois Louis Pasmes de Saint Saphorin, 1668-1737. A Genevan Soldier and UK Ambassador, Austria
Colonel Daniel Frischmann, 1728-1808 in the service of Honourable East India Company.
Colonel Frederic Haldimand 1718-1791, British Army and a Governor of Quebec, Canada.
Brigadier General Henri Bouquet 1719-1765, Royal American Regiment.
Xavier Rodolphe Durler, 1745-1802, died in the English service in Egypt.
Colonel Ferdinand de Roverea, 1763-1829, founded a Swiss Regiment deployed in the British service.
Colonel Nicolas Francois de Bachmann-Anderletz, 1740-1831 accompanied Swiss units at Sicily in the Service of England.
Major General Charles Louis de Watteville 1776-1836 in the British service and Governor of Upper Canada.
Lieutenant Colonel Charles Phillipe de Bosset 1774-1845, in the British service 1796-1818, later Governor of Cephalonia.
Lieutenant Colonel Antoine Louis Henri Polier 1741-1795 in the service of the Honourable East India Company. A military Engineer, assassinated during the Terror in France, 1795.
Colonel Jacques Prevost 1736-1781 in British service, Royal American Regiment.
Brigadier General Augustine Prevost 1723-1786, served in the British army, Royal American Regiment. (Father of Sir George Prevost)
Lieutenant Colonel Marc Prevost, 1736-1761, Royal American Regiment. Wounded at battle of Carillon 1758, American Revolutionary Wars.
(I) Contract between Charles Daniel de Meuron and the Dutch East India Company, 28 May 1781.
Contract for the Swiss Regiment of Meuron, between Monsieur Charles-Daniel de Meuron de Morvaux, Chevalier du Merite, Colonel of Infantry and Lieutenant of the Swiss Guard of His Very Christian Majesty, and Monsieurs Eduard Van de Perre, Master of the Four Bans of Duyveland, Director of Dutch East India Company, and Frederik Willem Boers, Advocate of the said Company, delegated for this purpose and charged with full powers by the said Company. The said Deputies, duly authorised and accredited have agreed to the following articles, by which the honourable Dutch East India Company takes the above mentioned regiment into service.
Article One. Chevalier de Meuron shall supply, before the end of the coming month of October, a regiment of 1120 men, at full strength, dressed and armed, each man being taller than 5 Dutch feet, free of infirmities or other defects whatsoever and ready for action wherever the said regiment may be ordered to march.
Article Two. For raising the said regiment and to transport it to the Ile de Re, the company undertakes to make a single payment to the said Chevalier de Meuron the sum of three hundred French Pounds, per person, thus a total of three hundred and thirty six thousand pounds for the entire regiment which sum shall not be paid until the day of the review and the taking of the oath of allegiance at the hands of the Deputies of the said Company, the said Chevalier de Meuron agreeing to pay ten thousand French Pounds if the regiment is more than one hundred men short of full strength on the above mentioned day, and the cost of transporting them to the Indies shall be at his expense.
Article Three. The regiment shall be Swiss Neuchatel and bear the name Meuron; all members shall be of Protestant religion, all its officers shall be Swiss, except those two companies which may be designated by the Directors and shall consist of such nationalities as they may deem suitable; at least two thirds of the soldiers shall be Swiss, which may include men from the territories allied to the Swiss Confederation, such as the Grey Leagues, the Bishopric of Geneva, Mulhouse, the Valais, Montbeliard and St. Gall, and the rest shall be German.
Article Four. The said regiment shall be armed as follows, to whit: A good musket with bayonet, a cartridge -pouch with its shoulder strap; Sergeants to have a sword, the corporals and drummers to have a sabre, the soldiers a belt for carrying the bayonet. They are to be fitted out with the following items of clothing, ie. A helmet, uniform of a good material the colour of ox blood, reverse, facings and collar a clear blue, waistcoat and breeches of white cotton; two pairs of knitted stockings, three shirts, two pairs of kid gaiters, two pairs of shoes, a nightcap and service cap to be worn at work of uniform design, a haversack of calves leather with the bristles left on; each item in accordance with the samples to be presented to and agreed upon by the Deputies. During the sea voyage, the equipment and armament being packed away, each soldier shall have a waistcoat and knitted breeches, a cloak and sailors breeches of canvas and a service cap.
Article Five. The regiment shall be composed of a commander-in-chief who is also the proprietor and shall have the rank of colonel, a second-in-command who shall have the rank of lieutenant-colonel, a major, ten captains, six captain-lieutenants, lieutenant-treasurer, three ensigns, a first surgeon and ten second surgeons, a sergeant drummer, and one thousand one hundred and twenty men divided into ten companies of 112 men each including twelve gunners, four sergeants, and four corporals.
Article Six. The Honourable Company shall cause its treasurer to pay to the treasurer of the regiment, against his receipt signed by the Commander and the Major, in Dutch currency, the florin valued at twenty sol without deduction for expenses or exchange, in twelve equal payments on the first of every month, the saleries and pay of the officers, non-commissioned officers and common soldiers as follows;
|To the Commander-in-Chief and Proprietor
|2,400 Florins per annum
|1,800 Florins per annum
|1,200 each per annum
|729 each pa. (7200 fl.)
|600 each pa. (6000)
|480 each pa. (1440)
|600 each pa. (600)
|600 each pa. (600)
|Ten Second Surgeons
|264 each pa. (2640)
|240 each pa. (240)
|Total for Regimental HQ.
|37,929 Florins pa.
|Sergeants four per company
|Corporals four per company
|Twenty Drummers two per company
|One thousand and twenty soldiers
|66,560 Florins pa.
Article Seven. This total shall diminish in proportion to the number of men missing due to death or otherwise, the Honourable Company being required to pay only for the number of men actually in service after it had been ascertained and reviewed and signed for by the inspectors in all the territories in which the regiment might be stationed as a whole or in part; it is expressively agreed, that in case the regiment is taken prisoner, either as a whole or partially, the Honourable Company shall be liable for the cost of their exchange, and that it shall indemnify the proprietor for any loss which he might suffer therefrom, the Proprietor entrusting the Honourable Company to make an honest and equitable assessment of these losses.
Article Eight. The Honourable Company shall pay, over and above the sum mentioned in Article Six, as sum of 25 thousand Florins annually for the armament, the uniforms which shall all be renewed every two years, and for all the recruits required to replace men lost due to death or desertion, in order to keep the regiment at full strength.
Article Nine. By means of these sums the proprietor shall pay his sergeants, corporals, soldiers and drummers, in accordance with the usage amongst the Swiss in France; He shall dispense good and swift justice; he shall see to it that they are paid every week; and keep them well armed and well dressed in accordance with Article four & eight.
Article Ten. The appointment of commander, second-in-command, major, captains, captain-lieutenants, lieutenants, ensigns, lieutenant treasurer, and first surgeon shall only take effect from 1st of November next, but their half pay shall be granted from 1st June next; and with regard to the ordinary surgeons, sergeants, corporals, drummers and soldiers, it is agreed that they shall be paid starting with the day of their arrival at the place of their assembly.
Article Eleven. The proprietor submits to a fine of a thousand ducats if, four months after his representative has been notified by the Honourable Company, he has not yet furnished the number of recruits required to bring the regiment to full strength, according to the latest review, and these recruits shall be supplied by the proprietor and transported at his expense to the place indicated by the company.
Article Twelve. The Honourable Company shall pay the whole regiment, at the time of embarkation, three months in advance, the proprietor supplying the treasurer of the Honourable Company at its destination with a detailed statement, so that he can recover the pay of any officers or men who died before the end of the three months.
Article Thirteen. All equipment such as arms and clothing may, during times of war, be bought in France or elsewhere, but in times of peace he shall be obliged to buy these in the Republic and factories of Holland. The Honourable Company committing itself to transport these free of charge but at the proprietor’s risk, either on its own or other ships, wherever the regiment may be stationed.
Article Fourteen. The regiment shall have the privilege of playing Swiss martial music. One flag shall bear the colours of the Honourable Company, and the other flag, shall bear the colours of the Proprietor and shall also be the livery of the Drummers.
Article Fifteen. Field equipment such as tents, shovels, field flasks and picks shall be furnished by the Honourable Company and transported out at its expense, and also the entire regiment or part thereof wherever it can be usefully employed.
Article Sixteen. The senior officers should have seen at least six years of service, the captains and captain-lieutenants at least four years and the sergeants at least three years, which shall be proved by the proprietor, as well as their place of origin, and status, these proofs to be placed in the hands of the Deputies before they inspect the regiment.
The Swiss regiment of Meuron having passed into the service of His Majesty (H.M.) as the inherited property of the Count Meuron, under a provisional Capitulation made and signed at Neuchâtel, in Switzerland, on March 30, 1795, in conformity with the 4th article of the Capitulation, with consent between the Government of Madras and the owner colonel, the following articles have been amended, settled and agreed upon:
1st Article. The regiment will consist of two Battalions, each of five companies of one hundred and twenty men following the annexed table. By that establishment, there is an eighth captain who, having no company, will be considered supernumerary, until there is a vacancy in the company, of which the supernumerary will be the youngest of the captains. In the case of captain Zorn joining the regiment before the end of this year with the intentions and abilities to continue his service, and should that be the case captain Zorn will fulfil his duties as the other captains, by being compensated with subsistence that he might have been able to receive at the Cape as a prisoner.
The current Captains-Lieutenants will head the Lieutenants but will no longer be replaced, remain under the denomination of Lieutenant, and will continue to enjoy the Captain-Lieutenant prerogatives.
In the case of His Majesty wanting to increase the number of the regiment, the companies would be able to be brought up to 150 men, without an increase of Officers and Non- Commissioned Officers. The expenses and the conditions of this increase will be agreed upon between the representatives of His Majesty and the owner Colonel.
2nd Article. The regiment will receive its pay, emoluments, and allowances (pensions) at the same level and in the same way as other troops of His Majesty. The owner Colonel or that person commanding the regiment, will charge exactly the officers, Non-Commissioned officers (lower ranked) and soldiers, in accordance with the regulations of His Majesty’s service relevant to this topic.
3rd Article. The officers, of any rank, non-commissioned officers and soldiers who, due to wounds or other infirmities/disabilities, unable to continue their service will enjoy the same treatment that is provided, in similar circumstances, to the other troops of His Majesty.
4th Article. The officers will take their rank/position in the army at the date of their commissions to the regiment and will enjoy all the advantages which His Majesty’s Regiments enjoy in India or in Europe, under whatever denomination that it is.
5th Article. If the regiment happens to be reformed after four years, or such other terms to be agreed upon with His Majesty’s minister and the owner Colonel, the officers and non-commissioned will receive a pension for the rest of their lives, as long as they do not undertake other military service under another power, depending on their rank, His Majesty will transport at his expense the aforesaid regiment to a location in the continent of Europe, where each individual will be paid a subsistence relevant to their grade and the cost of a return journey home.
6th Article. His Majesty will provide the weapons to the regiment as with his other troops. The current arms being the responsibility of the soldier, His Majesty, having regard to the honourable company, will ensure their suitability, repairs and reimburse the price that will be agreed upon with the commanding Colonel.
Note: the armament has been provided, but it will depend on the determination of His Majesty’s ministers whether the count has to pay or not.
7th Article. The regiment will retain its sovereign justice on the deployment of Swiss troops in the different European powers. Note: this article must be referred to in Europe; meanwhile, the government will act according to circumstances and will bear in mind the wishes of the colonel of the regiment.
8th Article. The regiment will have its flags, its music, drums and piccolos, in the colours of the owner colonel. The drums will beat to Swiss marches.
9th Article. The nomination of all roles owned by the owner colonel, can be conferred to the colonel or the officer commanding the regiment, and when the owner or its representative has made a nomination, he will communicate it to the governor or to the commander of the army, who will place a newly promoted individual to possession of the appointment from a vacancy and will make him take his rank in the army.
10th Article. The owner colonel will hold his whole regiment upon the amount of six thousand pounds per year, which will be payed to his agent in London, in four terms, once every three months. By means of which he is committed to do the necessary recruitments to complete and keep the regiment always complete.
His Majesty will indicate a base for recruitment on the continent, where the owner colonel will bring, at his own expense, the recruits to be inspected and received by an attendant of His Majesty, and from therein will be under the responsibility of the government, who will transport them at their expense to where the regiment is stationed.
His Majesty will ensure the owner colonel pays 25 pounds for each man who dies, is killed, or taken prisoner, according to the records of arrival and a review of pay returns in India.
His Majesty will dispatch the necessary passports for the safe transportation of recruits from Switzerland and Germany to the base established for the purpose.
11th Article. The accounts relating to the regiment will be adjusted twice a year on the 31st of January for all payments up until the 31st of August, and which accounts will be shipped to Europe at the first opportunity.
12th Article. The regiment having entered the British service, His Majesty will pay the owner colonel everything he is due by virtue of the old capitulation and which the Dutch company ‘legitimately owes’, either to the colonel directly or to the regiment.
The titles and claims underlying the reclamations of the owner colonel will be examined by the respective commissioners named by the government of Madras under the name of His Majesty and by the Count Meuron for his part. Upon their decision, the balance of the claims will be given in bills of exchange in London, in six month of date, or in cash to Madras, at his choice.
13th Article. The 6th Article of the capitulation done in Neuchâtel, on the 30th of March, 1795, is here reminded so that it can carry its full and entire effect, the content of which are as follows: The four chief officers of the regiment, namely the owner colonel, the commander colonel, the lieutenant colonel, and the Major, will receive on top of the pay for their rank, the appointments and emoluments of the captains, as if they were at the head of a company.
14th Article. The articles 11, 12, 13 and 14 of the same capitulation of the 30th of March 1795, specifically and personally apply to the Count De Meuron, and included here amended in order to be carried into full and entire effect.
15th Article. The soldiers from the regiment who have completed their period of service or that period having expired, will continue their service until there is return transport available back to Europe. On their arrival in England, they will be given subsistence to travel to the continent and return to their homes.
16th Article. The present capitulation will be suspended for the time that the regiment remains in service in India, after which, should it be continued at the service of His Majesty, he will inform the owner colonel according to the 5th article.
17th Article. Should experience show that after time, inconvenience or detrimental omissions occur to the regiment arising from the present capitulation, the owner colonel reserves the right to request changes to be made depending on the circumstances and equity.
Signed at Fort of St. George, the second of August, 1796.
Charles Daniel, Count De Meuron, Hobart, Alured Clarke, Edw. Saunders, El. Fallowfield.
Appendix IV Capitulation of London (September 25, 1798)
Signed between Charles-Daniel de Meuron and the British Government.
The capitulations between the British government and the Count Charles de Meuron, signed in Neuchâtel the 30th of March 1795 by M. Hugh Cleghorn, and in India the following 2nd of August of 1796 by the government of Madras under the name of the British government on the one hand, and on the other hand by the Count de Meuron under his name and for his regiment, having appeared to contain incompatible arrangements and provisions in some respects to the military system and the laws of the kingdom, and being the case that disputes can be difficult to resolve, especially regarding the articles about the Dutch debt, the two contracting parties also animated by the desire to complete these in a fair and definitive manner, the following articles appeared as able to fulfil this desirable object, they were approved the twenty fifth day of September, 1798, by Lieutenant Colonel John Ramsay under the name of the government and by the Major General Count Charles de Meuron under his own name and for his regiment.
1st Article. It is agreed on behalf of His Majesty that the Swiss regiment of Meuron will be considered as engaged to his service (with the following reservations/conditions specified) for the period of 10 years, starting from the 1st of January 1799, during which it will be considered in every respect the same as an English regiment; the officers will receive from the King, commissions dated the day of their respective ranks in the regiment. The officers, as well as the non-commissioned officers and soldiers will be entitled to every benefit that British troops enjoy, and the so-called Count Charles de Meuron will be entitled to the “Off Reckonings” and to every other emolument belonging to an English colonel, on the clear understanding that the Colonel Count de Meuron will be obligated on his side to provide his regiment with every object that is provided by an English colonel, and he is committed to ensure for the period of 10 years, as much as he will have the power to do so, the continuation of the service of all men who are today in the regiment, and that His Majesty reserves the right to shorten the given term for the continuation of the regiment under his service, if after five years, the Count de Meuron, cannot succeed for the said term of ten years, the continuation of the services of at least half of the men who are then then present at the flags and who will be entitled to their leave before the expiry of that period.
2nd Article. The regiment must be formed as promptly as possible after receiving the present capitulation in India, depending on the following institution, and the officers (if there are any) which will find themselves still supernumerary after this training will be attached to the regiment depending on their respective ranks with the same pay and the same benefits that the officers of the same rank in active service, of course the allowances will only be granted to ten companies and they will follow up the first few vacancies that will be taking place in their respective ranks. No foreigners will be able to be received into the said regiment until all of the officers are placed, and until the total number of officers is reduced to the number fixed by the establishment.
3rd Article. The pay and allowances of the captains previously granted to the superior officers of the regiment of Meuron, being something unknown to the British service, will be considered removed at the day of the new formation in India, but they will be paid until said day.
4th Article. The regiment of Meuron will have to see itself as engaged to the service of His Majesty everywhere that he would like to employ it, and to comply under every respect to the rules/regulations to which the British troops of His Majesty comply with.
5th Article. The Count de Meuron will receive, as well as the sum of 36,000 pounds that he will have already received by the East India Company, 80 000 pounds. This amount will be paid to him in the following terms, knowing 50 000 pounds that will be delivered to him within a month of the signature of the present capitulation, and the remaining 30 000, the 15th of April, 1799. This sum will have to be considered as the total and final balance of all instalments of the British government, either for the Dutch debt, or for anything that could be owed to the Count de Meuron or to the officers of his regiment, since he entered the service of His Majesty, of course however the balance of the troops, the pay and full allowances of the officers present when in service, meaning the arrears owed since the regiment is at the service of the King, are not included, and they will remain at the charge of the Indian Company, or of the government.
6th Article. The Colonel Count de Meuron, in addition to the emoluments that English colonels receive in India as in Europe, he will receive, for the time that his regiment will be under the English service, as stated by the present capitulation, an annual subsidy/grant of 3,000 pounds, on the understanding that this sum/amount will be granted provided the regiment is kept up to strength. The officers who have suffered loss, such as slaves or furniture as a result of their precipitated departure from Colombo, when the regiment joined the service of the King, will be able to claim compensation, as is customary in the English army in cases of losses through war. His Majesty will give orders to his government of Madras or of Ceylon so that compensation will be given.
7th Article. If, against all odds, the Count de Meuron cannot succeed, after five years, to hire more than half of the men then present at the flags of the regiment, His Majesty would accordingly want to reform the said Regiment and the officers affected will have an annual allowance paid for life not less than half pay of their respective rank, and which will be paid whilst in their homeland. The cost of transport back to Europe for themselves, their wives and children, will be at the expense of the government. The aforesaid subsidy of 3,000 pounds will continue to be paid to the Count de Meuron until the expiry of the ten years, commencing from the 1st of January 1799.
8th Article. For the recruitment of the regiment in times of peace and war, either for recruits selected in Europe or those re-enlisted in India, the Count de Meuron will receive, in all respects the same price, for each German recruit, [that is presently granted for recruitment to the 60th regiment] and is fixed at 16 pounds 10 shillings for each German. In view of the difficulty experienced in recruiting the Swiss, we will grant one half extra for each soldier of this nation recruited in Switzerland.
9th Article. The General Count de Meuron will continue to name every officer of his regiment subject to the approval of His Majesty. The officers must all be Swiss. The regiment will keep its colours, with a flag in the colours of His Majesty, and the Swiss.
10th Article. In future there will only be one Colonel, Pierre Frédéric de Meuron, currently General Sergeant and Colonel Commandant of the Regiment, without prejudice to the rank of Major General stipulated for the Count Charles de Meuron, agreed when the regiment entered the service of His Majesty. Major General Count Charles de Meuron reserves the right during the ten years of this capitulation to give the said regiment to his said brother who will succeed him in the event of his death. The regiment shall receive from the date of the arrival of this capitulation in India, training provided by the English. The seven officers whose names are appended to this paper and are on leave due to their infirmities, will receive from the day of the new formation, the allowance of retirement stipulated in the articles 7 and 11 of this present capitulation.
11th Article. His Majesty, at the expiry of the fixed term duration of the present capitulation, will be able to enter in new arrangements with the Count de Meuron or continue with those stipulated above, if He should judge them to be suitable. But if, at the end of the fixed term in the present capitulation, His Majesty cannot continue the service of the regiment de Meuron, the officers will receive for their lives an annual allowance which cannot be lower than the English half pay, of their respective ranks and will be transported back to Europe at the expense of Her Majesty, together with their wives, children, and those of the men who prefer to return to their homeland, after having been given the choice to enter other regiments, provided that the term of their engagement is finished, will be returned to Europe, with their wives and children, at the expense of the government and will receive expenses to enable them to reach Switzerland.
12th Article. Every invalid, who arrives in England with the necessary certificates, will receive an allowance to provide for their expenses back to their homeland, and regarding the ill or wounded officers, their treatment will be likewise the same as in the British service.
13th Article. The present capitulation will be effective from this day, the 25th of September 1798, and every treaty, arrangement or capitulation between the British government and the Major General, Count de Meuron, previous to this date, will be regarded as null or void.
Signed in London, on this the twenty-fifth day of September 1798.
JOHN RAMSAY COUNT CHARLES DE MEURON
Inspector General Major General
Renewal of the capitulation of London 1809
Service letter of the War Office / Foreign department, dated London, 4th of August 1809, sent by Inspector General Gower to Lieutenant-General Pierre Frederic de Meuron.
The capitulation according to which the De Meuron Regiment has been engaged to the British service having expired the 1st of January 1809, I must inform you that His Majesty determined it appropriate to keep this body in his service, at the conditions specified hereafter:
Article 1. The regiment will continue to be called the De Meuron Regiment and will be obliged to serve everywhere that His Majesty will see fit.
Article 2. The officers will take rank in the British army following the date of the commissions that they have obtained from His Majesty.
Article 3. The De Meuron Regiment recruits at the time of such enrolment and from time to time will be under the articles of war in force for foreign troops at the service of His Majesty.
Article 4. The recruits will not be shorter than 5 foot 4 inches in Imperial measurements, and will be enrolled for a period of 7 years in general service; should Great Britain find itself in a state of war at the end of this period, the men will continue to serve, without extra bonus, for a period of up until 6 months, after the ratification of a definitive peace treaty.
Article 5. No man originally from Italy or France or other country incorporated to these two, will be able to join the regiment, unless approved by special authorization in each particular case.
Article 6. The period of enrolment for men who are engaged at the headquarters of the regiment in a foreign country will be set by the British general officer responsible for command in the country. For the recruits engaged in Great Britain or for those who have been engaged on the continent, this sum will be fixed by the Commander in Chief and by the Secretary of State at War for the agreed period, and it is desirable that the highest number of recruits will be of Swiss nationality.
Article 7. The men of the regiment whose terms are about to expire, must, if they wish to continue in service, do so following the terms prescribed by the articles in the present document.
Article 8. The officers currently in service in the De Meuron Regiment on the last January 1st will, in the event of being discharged from the regiment, unless it is for misconduct, be placed on half pay pension for life, of which the amount will not exceed the half pay granted to British officers of the same rank.
Article 9. Officers who are appointed to the regiment after the 1st of January 1809 will, if retained in the service of His Majesty for a period of 5 years, be considered as being entitled to the pensions as they are specified in the 8th article of the present document. Those who have served a period shorter than 5 years will be considered as entitled only to a part of this pension, following the duration of their respective service.
Article 10. Swiss officers of the regiment who are unfit for further military service, either because of wounds or disabilities that occurred during the completion of their military service, will be allowed a pension equal to the half pay at the stipulated conditions hereafter.
Article 11. The non-commissioned officers, drummers and soldiers who, as a result of wounds or disabilities that occurred during their military service and have become unfit for service, will receive from the government an annual pension or an amount of money considered sufficient to help and support their travelling expenses to reach their homeland.
Article 12. The officers, the non-commissioned officers, drummers and soldiers to whom pensions will be granted following the 9th, 10th and 11th articles of the present service letter, will only receive them if they reside in Great Britain or, if they are under the benefits of a special authorization from His Majesty to receive whilst residing on the continent; in which case, these pensions will be subject to the rules and restrictions promulgated from time to time for the payment of these pensions.
Article 13. Regarding pay and pensions, the regiment will be placed on the same standing as a British infantry regiment, and will, in this respect, comply with the orders and rules currently into force and to any subsequently adopted for the administration of foreign troops in the King’s service.
Article 14. His Majesty may dismiss the regiment should he deem it necessary to continue without their services; every disposition and agreement which appear in the last capitulation, but are not included in this document will be considered under every aspect, as null and void.
Appendix VI; Monuments and Tombs in India
There are a number of soldiers, mainly officers of the De Meuron Regiment, who have tombs or monuments in India at Seringapatam, Vellore or Madras;
Jean Francois Mayer commissioned as Second Lieutenant in 1782, Lieutenant 1787, Captain Lieutenant 1788, Captain 1797, died aged 43 years 1 November 1802 at Seringapatam.
John Reynolds, joined as the Paymaster 1800, died at Seringapatam 22 September 1802 aged 36 years.
Charles Bugnon, commissioned Second Lieutenant and Quartermaster 1793, (participated in the defence of Trincomalee on the British invasion 1795) Lieutenant 1798, accidently drowned aged 40 years, 6 November at Seringapatam 1803.
Philipp Schneider ‘a simple soldier of the De Meuron Regiment,’ died aged 45 years 1805 and buried at Seringapatam.
Frdk. Daniel Sandoz, Cadet Sergeant and Ensign 1801, died and buried at Seringapatam 7 August 1803.
John Smassen, Assistant Surgeon 1799, died at Seringapatam 26 March 1802.
Jean Georges Gradmann (snr) commissioned Captain-Lieutenant 1781, Captain 1787, died at Vellore 19 September 1796.
Paul Gradmann, Commissioned Lieutenant 1794, died at Vellore 20 May 1798.
John H. Gericke, Regimental Chaplain, died at Vellore 1 October 1803.
Henry Kerns, Quartermaster, died at Vellore 16 August1802.
Francois L. Martin, commissioned Lieutenant 1787, Captain 1790, Died at Vellore 1797.